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Is it a paragraph

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					      From Paragraphs to Essays



                 English Writing




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             essays

            paragraphs

            sentences



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Paragraphs
      A Chinese paragraph
• 同居對現代的年輕人似乎已成為一種新的潮流。在他們的想
  法裡,也許會覺得同居在一起,可以互相學習、互相分享自
  己的生活經驗,在結婚前提早知道彼此是否合得來, 但他們
  往往沒考慮到住在一起所須面對的問題(INTRODUCTION)。
  例如:金錢方面,住在一起不像住在家裡,可以用家裡的、
  吃家裡的,不須花到自己的錢,樣樣不必自己動手、自己來。
  住外面的話,各方面都得花自己的錢,如果彼此沒有經濟能
  力,想必會是非常辛苦的,必須常常為了錢的事而煩惱,生
  活品質也就不會有多高了。在來就是安全方面了,住在一起
  每個人都有自己的生活方式,當對方彼此看不慣其生活方式
  時,爭吵就難免的了。如果處理不當,也許爭吵就會變成打
  鬥,悲劇就釀成了。在法律方面,同居是沒有保障的。如果
  女生懷孕的話,她無法控告男生,他們沒有結婚,法律上並
  不附與保障,他們只能私底下自己解決問題,這對女生來說,
  似乎不怎麼公平。同居要面對的問題很多,同時也必須接受
  別人的閒言閒語,所以,我非常不同意同居 (MAIN
  IDEA/TOPIC SENTENCE)。
    The paragraph organization
            in Chinese

Introduction/Opening


  Development:
  explanation, description


     Conclusion (main idea )
                An English Paragraph
•          It’s important to complete my college education for three
    reasons. First, having a college degree is the basic qualification
    on the job market. Because, the times to make progress,
    everyone have the university and Master degree, if I don’t take
    this degree I can’t earn much money. For example, my friend
    has a college degree, and her salary higher than me. Second,
    it’s a dream to be an English teacher. Because, I have to
    improvement all English knowledge and skills, For instance, at
    present, many students are very smart. Learning more about
    English is important. If I don’t have learned a lot of knowledge
    how can I teach students? Third, I want save my money and
    time. Because, I study that I can’t spend money and kill time in
    the weekend. So I can save my shopping money and I can’t
    waste my time in the holiday. For example, in the weekend, I
    usually go shopping to buy some fashionable things, and go
    café shop to kill my time. So study is good for me. In conclusion,
    it’s never too old to learn. I can study forever until end.
    The paragraph organization
            in Chinese

(Opening) Topic Sentence


  Development: explanation,
  description, examples


     Conclusion
   What is NOT a paragraph?



• A paragraph is not a
  collection of random and
  unrelated sentences.
   What IS a paragraph?
A paragraphs is an organized expression of ideas.




                  Organized


  Ideas                              Expression



                   Paragraph
             Is it a paragraph?
• Nowadays, there are so        • Is the text on the left an
  many young girls go to          organized expression of
  abortion. Why are they so       the writer’s ideas?
  negligent? Obviously,            – What is the main topic?
  they do not think they will
  get pregnant. So they            – Is it organized?
  have not protect                 – Are the sentences well-
  themselves. We know sex            formed?
  education is very             • Your Answer?
  important. The more you
  know, the safer you have.
  Abortion is bad for body,
  and young girls may get
  hurt by abortion.
               Is it a paragraph?
• Euthanasia is still a          • Is the text on the left
  controversial problem.           an organized
  Some people agree that           expression of the
  euthanasia should be             writer’s ideas?
  endorsed by law. When a           – What is the main
  patient has a serious                topic?
  illness and he or she             – Is it organized?
  cannot stand the pain any         – Are the sentences
  more, the patient should             well-formed?
  have the right to relieve      • Your conclusion?
  their pain by instant death.
  A quick and painless
  relief is more human than
  an long-lasting pain.
                Is it a paragraph?
• Euthanasia is still a        • Is the text on the left an
  controversial problem.         organized expression of
  Some people agree that         the writer’s ideas?
  euthanasia should be            – What is the main
  endorsed by law. When a            topic?
  patient has a serious           – Is it organized?
  illness and he or she           – Are the sentences
  cannot stand the pain any          well-formed?
  more, the patient should     • Your conclusion?
  have the right to relieve
  their pain by instant death.
  A quick and painless
  relief is more human than
  an long-lasting pain.
 The typical structure of a paragraph




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 What is a topic sentence?
• A topic sentence tells
  – a main topic
  – controlling ideas
• Example
  – High college tuition is imposing a negative
    impact on the students from the poor families.
  – Main topic?
     • High college tuition is imposing an impact on students
  – Controlling ideas?
     • a negative impact
     • on the students from the poor families
  What does a topic sentence do
        in a paragraph?

• The main idea of a topic sentence
  announces the general topic of the
  paragraph
  – What the paragraph is about
• The controlling ideas of a topic
  sentence show
  – What specific ideas will be discussed.
  – How the paragraph will be possibly
    developed.
Essays
                     What is an essay?


            • Form
              – Multiple paragraphs
              – Standard 5 paragraphs
            • Function
              – To present your ideas/arguments in
                detail




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                  Main Types of Essays
     • Narrative essays
            – To tell a story
     • Comparison/contrast essays
            – To make a comparison/contrast
     • Cause-effect essays
            – To discuss reasons or influences on a subject
     • Argumentative essays
            – To present your opinions




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            Paragraphs vs. Essays

             • Topic sentence ------ • Introductory
                                       paragraph (thesis
                                        statement)
             • Supporting idea A.-- • Paragraphs A
               
             • Supporting idea B.-- • Paragraphs B
               
             • Supporting idea C.-- • Paragraph C
               
             • Conclusion ----------- • Concluding
                                       paragraph


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