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					                Unit 3

Federal Union and Nationalistic Spirit
          Chapters 10-12
          Washington’s Regime
            Pages 189-195
• Creation of a Cabinet
  • Who, what, why, how
• Major Issues
  • Appease the Antifederalists
  • Fiscal Policy and Assumption
  • Creation of a National Bank
     • Constitutional interpretations
  • Whiskey Rebellion
                Bill of Rights
• Amendment 1 –              • Amendment 4 – Search and
  Religious and political      seizure
  freedom                       • ‘Reasonable cause’
   •   Freedom of religion      • Role of search warrants
   •   Freedom of speech     • Amendment 5 – Rights of
   •   Freedom of press        accused persons
   •   Freedom of assembly      • Double jeopardy protection
   •   Freedom of petition      • Requirement of indictment by
• Amendment 2 – Right             Grand Jury
  to bear arms                  • Due process protection
• Amendment 3 –                 • Self-incrimination protection
  Quartering troops
                         Bill of Rights
                         1-10 (Part II)
• Amendment 6 – Right to a              • Amendment 8 – Limits of fines
  speedy, public trial                    and punishments
    • Open to the public                    • Protection for excessive fines
    • Jury of your peers                    • Protection against cruel and
    • Right to counsel                        unusual punishment
• Amendment 7 – Trial by jury in        • Amendment 9 – Rights of
  civil cases                             people
    • Jury trial in civil cases where       • People’s rights are not limited
      the value exceeds $20                   to the rights mentioned in the
                                        • Amendment 10 – Powers of
                                          states and people
                                            • ‘Reserved’ powers clause
       Birth of Political Parties
            Pages 195-200
• Role of the Two-Party System
• Foreign Policy Challenges
  • French Revolution
  • Jay’s Treaty
  • Pinckney’s Treaty
• Farewell Address
  • Key elements
       GW Farewell Address

• Promotes the benefits of the Federal
• Warns against the party system
• Stresses the importance of religion and
• Promotes stable, conservative public credit
• Warns against permanent alliances
• Warns against large, powerful militaries
               A New Regime
               Pages 200-206
•   John Adams – 3rd times a charm?
•   Issues with France
•   Short life for the First Amendment?
•   Birth of nullification
            Electoral Issues

• Before the 12th Amendment, each
  presidential elector cast two votes--and they
  HAD to vote for two different people (at
  least one of whom could not be from the
  electors' home states). The requirement for
  a majority electoral vote to be elected, then,
  was based on a majority of the number of
  electors, not the number of electoral votes.
             12th Amendment

• The person having the greatest Number of votes
  for President, shall be the President, if such
  number be a majority of the whole number of
  Electors appointed; and if no person have such
  majority, then from the persons having the highest
  numbers not exceeding three on the list of those
  voted for as President, the House of
  Representatives shall choose immediately, by
  ballot, the President.
   John Adams
Presidential Portrait
  Alien & Sedition Act of 1798

• Increase resident rate from 5 to 14 years
• Deport or imprison ‘dangerous’ foreigners
• Restrict negative press against government
  or officials
  • Speaking or writing anything false or malicious
  • Punishable by fine or imprisonment
Excerpt from Virginia Resolution
          Jeffersonian Revolution
               Pages 206-217
• Comparison of Federalist / Democratic
• Electoral problems
• A new Revolution
   • Ideals
   • Dilemma
   • Initial actions
• Judiciary Act
   • Marbury vs. Madison
                  1800 Election

Thomas Jefferson          John Adams
Democratic-Republicans    Federalist
1800 Election
              1800 Election

• Ties with Aaron Burr
  • 73 electoral votes each
• House of Representatives Votes
  • 36th Ballot – TJ selected (Hamilton’s influence
    helped secure Presidency)
  • Fuels Hamilton vs. Burr
• ***Peaceful transfer of power between
  political parties!!!!!!!!!
                TJ’s Ideals

• Core of America = Representative
• Farmer = Symbol of America
  • WHY?
• Small gov’t that protects rights of
• Separation of church and state
         Judiciary Act of 1801

• “Midnight Judges Act”
  • Passed three weeks before the end of Adam’s term
  • Adams rushed to fill 16 vacancies with Federalist
    judges (appointed for life!)
• Marbury (appointed by Adams) v. Madison (Sec
  of State)
  • Supreme Court decides Judiciary Act violates
  • 1st case of JUDICIAL REVIEW
            Jefferson’s Legacy
              Pages 217-226
• Commander-in-Chief
  • Actions / Issues
• Louisiana Purchase
  • Lewis and Clark
• Reelection
• Issues with Britain
                 US Marines

• From the halls of Montezuma, to the shores of
• We fight our country's battles, on the land as on
  the sea.
• Admiration of the nation, we're the finest ever
• And we glory in the title of United States Marines.
                     Lewis and Clark Info
    Long Haul
    The expedition traveled over 8000 total miles over a period of 2 years, 4 months and 10 days.
    Good Guess
    When the expedition reached the Pacific, Clark estimates they have traveled 4,162 miles from the mouth
    of the Missouri to the Pacific. His guess was within 40 miles of the actual distance.
    An Equal Opportunity Expedition
    When the expedition reached the Pacific the party voted on where to spend the winter. York, Clark's
    slave, is allowed to vote, nearly 60 years before slaves in the U.S. would be emancipated. Sacagawea is
    also allowed to vote, more than a century before either women or Native Americans are granted full
    rights of citizenship.
    While hunting in present day North Dakota, Lewis was accidentally shot (in the behind) by Pierre
    Cruzatte, a nearsighted member of the crew.
    Good Boy
    Before the expedition began Lewis purchased a Newfoundland dog, Seaman, for $20. Although not
    mentioned very often in their journals, it is believed that Seaman made the entire journey.
    What's for Dinner?
    When game was plentiful, each man ate about 9 pounds of meat per day.
            Mr. Madison’s War
             Pages 226-231
• Causes
  •   Non-intercourse Act vs. Macon’s Bill No. 2
  •   Free Trade and Sailor’s Rights
  •   Native American threats
  •   Expansionism
• War with Britain
  • Domestic issues
              Macon’s Bill #2

• If one country stopped attacks upon American
  shipping, the United States would cease trade with
  the other, unless that country agreed to recognize
  the rights of the neutral American ships as well.
• Napoleon exploited this Bill as a way to harm
  British interests
   • Madison accepted Napoleon’s offer – even though
     Napoleon had NO intention of keeping this promise!!!
• In September 1809, William Henry Harrison,
  governor of the newly formed Indiana Territory,
  negotiated the Treaty of Fort Wayne in which a
  delegation of half-starved Indians ceded 3 million
  acres of Native American lands to the United
  States.Harrison was under orders from
  Washington to negotiate with Indians that claimed
  the lands that they were ceding. However, he
  disregarded these orders, as none of the Indians he
  met with lived on the lands that they ceded.

• Tecumseh's opposition
  to the treaty marked
  his emergence as a
  prominent leader.
• Indians lose Battle of
   • Tecumseh forms
     alliance with the
             Hawks vs. Doves

• Hawks               • Doves
  • Characteristics     • Characteristics
  • Regions             • Regions
              War of 1812
             Pages 233-238
• Comparing the Combatants
• Key events – Dead Trolls Song
• Treaty of Ghent
  • Goals
  • Conditions
  • Omissions
• Imperialism or defense?
Dead Trolls and the War of 1812

• War of 1812 Song
           Star Spangled Banner
• O say, can you see, by the dawn's early light,
  What so proudly we hail'd at the twilight's last gleaming?
  Whose broad stripes and bright stars, thro' the perilous
  O'er the ramparts we watch'd, were so gallantly
  And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
  Gave proof thro' the night that our flag was still there.
  O say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave
  O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
               Pages 238-242
• Impact of National consciousness
  •   Hartford Convention
  •   Key Outcomes from the War
  •   American System
  •   Constitutional questions
• Era of Ok feelings?
  • I’m ok, you’re ok?
    Financial and Political Issues
        Page 242-254 Part 1
• Panic of 1819
  • Causes
  • Consequences
• Balance of States
  • Missouri Compromise
  • Win/Win or Lose/Lose?
• Election of 1820
            John Marshall
         Pages 242-254 Part 2
• Molding (moldy?) Father of the
  • Key Decisions
  • Key Impacts
     Domestic and Foreign Issues
       Pages 242-254 Part 3
• Florida Purchase Treaty of 1819
  • Jackson returns
• European view of democracy
• Monroe Doctrine
  • Key elements
  • Targets
  • Impacts
         The Tallmadge Amendment

 All slaves born in Missouri after the
  territory became a state would be freed
  at the age of 25.

 Passed by the House, not in the Senate.

 The North controlled the House, and the
  South had enough power to block it in
  the Senate.
                    The Monroe Doctrine, 1823

                                 Referred to as
                                  America’s Self-Defense

                                      2. What warning is given
                                         to the European
1. What foreign
   principles are
                         Doctrine       3. What would the
                                           US do if the
                                           warning was not
  Summary of Monroe’s Message to
1. “The American continents, by the free and independent
   condition which they have assumed and maintain, are
   henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future
   colonization by any European powers";
2. “We should consider any attempt {by the nations of
   Europe} to extend their system to any portion of this
   hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety"; and
3. “In the wars of the European powers in matters relating to
   themselves we have never taken part, nor does it comport
   with our policy so to do."

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