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Taj Mahal

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					                               Taj Mahal
                                                         One of the most visited
                                                         symbols of love, the Taj
                                                         Mahal, is located in the
                                                         northern Indian city of
                                                         Agra. Some of the Taj
                                                         Mahal facts are more
                                                         interesting than the
                                                         myths surrounding this
                                                         monument.




This information is from:

http://www.activityvillage.co.uk/the_taj_mahal.htm and

http://www.buzzle.com/articles/taj-mahal-facts.html

Facts About The Taj Mahal
      The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum - or tomb and monument - built in the
       mid-17th Century in Agra, India.
      It was built for the ruler of the Mughal Empire in memory of his
       favorite wife
      This beautiful building is regarded as one of the Seven Wonders of
       the world.
      The Taj Mahal is decorated with 28 different varieties of precious and
       semi-precious stones.
      1,000 elephants and 22,000 workers were used in its construction,
       which took over 20 years!
      The Taj Mahal was built entirely out of white marble, which was
       brought in from all over India and Asia.


History
The Taj Mahal is considered as the ultimate gesture of a man's love for his
wife, Emperor Shah Jahan built it for his beloved wife Mumtaz. There are
many legends attached to this monument, which also has a place in the
Indian folklore with many stories about the history and facts of the Taj
Mahal. One of the most interesting legends is that Emperor Shah Jahan
ordered his general to cut off the hands of all artists who worked on this
beautiful building. It is said that the emperor did this to make sure that
there was no replication of his unique gesture of love. Legends apart, some
Taj Mahal facts are as intriguing as the monument itself, it is one of the
seven wonders of the world and is one of the most recognizable buildings
in the world.


Who built the Taj Mahal? Why?

Shah Jahan had built Taj Mahal in the city of Agra, as a token of his love for
his wife Mumtaz Mahal. Agra is one of the most populated cities of
northern India, it is located on the banks of the river Yamuna in the state of
Uttar Pradesh. The Taj Mahal facts and history have contributed in making
it one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Construction of Taj Mahal began in the year 1631 a year after the death of
Mumtaz Mahal, who died while giving birth to their 14th child. The grief-
stricken Emperor ordered that a beautiful memorial to his wife should be
built. The emperor spent the next 22 years looking into the construction of
the monument. Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal as a tomb for his wife and
today even his remains lay to rest besides his wife.
When and how was it built?

Emperor Shah Jahan enlisted more than 20,000 workers for the construction
of this monument which took almost 22 years to build and was finished in
1653. The building is made from white marble which was brought to Agra
from the quarry's of Rajasthan which is a state in western India. One of the
interesting Taj Mahal facts for kids, is that the marble was transported for
hundreds of kilometers to Agra with the help of thousands of elephants.

Exterior of the building is a canvas of Hindu, Mogul and Persian art, made
by artisans who were enlisted by the emperor to carve the white marble
walls. The complex has other mausoleums made from red sand stones for
the other wives of the emperor Shah Jahan. Soon after the construction of
Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan was imprisoned by his son Aurangnzeb in the Agra
fort. It is said that Shah Jahan took his last breath in the prison cell looking
at the Taj Mahal.

One of the Taj Mahal facts is that, it is a UNESCO world heritage site and
every year 2-4 million people visit the building. It is said that if you are in
love you need to visit the Taj Mahal with your partner to be blessed with
eternal love.

                The Emperor Shah Jahan and his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal

				
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