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					Electives in Stage 6 English

Each of the electives provides students with:

 • a range of texts to enable them to develop and demonstrate an
understanding of ways representation occurs in texts
• opportunities through their response to and composition of texts to explore,
analyse and evaluate:
        –      effects of textual forms in their personal, social, historical,
        cultural and workplace contexts
        –      ways texts are modified to suit different audiences and contexts
        –      ways technologies influence the structure and language of texts
        –      ways language forms and structures are used for meaning
• opportunities for imaginative and affective expression in their response to
and composition of texts.

The rubric in stage 6 English explains what each module is about and what
you need to know and do. It is essential that you familiarise yourself with the
module rubric. The rubric is where the HSC question will be formulated.

What is the rubric telling you to do?
Below the rubric is represented as a checklist, instead of several paragraphs
as it appears in the syllabus. This checklist also appears in the form of a
summary table, which you can expand as a tool for the summary
of Othello and any related text material.

HSC rubric                                      What you have to do …

Students explore various                    Identify the key events in Othello
representations of events.                       o       Elopement of Othello
                                                         and Desdemona
                                                 o       Iago’s motivation
                                                 o       Othello falls victim
                                                         Iago’s manipulation
                                                 o       Desdemona’s death
                                                 o       Othello’s realisation

                                            Analyse the ways in which
                                                Shakespeare represents these
                                                events focusing contextual
                                                form, features and language.

                                            Explore how these events have
                                                 been represented by other
                                                 composers in different contexts
                                                 and different textual forms
                                                 (mediums of production).
                                        Compare and contrast the
                                            conflicting perspectives of
                                            these events in terms of:
                                            Shakespeare’s perspective,
                                            character perspectives, and
                                            the perspectives of other
                                            composers.

Students explore various                 Identifythe key personalities
representations of personalities.         in Othello
                                        o Iago
                                        o Othello
                                        o Cassio
                                        o Desdemona
                                        o Emilia

                                         Analyse the ways in which
                                         Shakespeare represents these
                                         personalities focusing on textual
                                         form, features and language.

                                         Explore how these personalities
                                         have been represented by other
                                         composers in different contexts
                                         and different textual forms
                                         (mediums of production).

                                         Compare   and contrast the
                                         conflicting perspectives of these
                                         personalities in terms of:
                                         Shakespeare’s perspective,
                                         character perspectives, and the
                                         perspectives of other composers.


Students explore various                 Identify key situations in Othello
representations of situations.          o Race
                                        o The nature of evil
                                        o Jealousy
                                        o Loyalty vs. Betrayal
                                        o Honesty
                                        o Duplicity
                                        o Love
                                        o Ambition
                                        o Honour (honour killings)
                                         Explore how these situations have
                                         been represented by other
                                         composers in different contexts
                                         and different textual forms
                                           (mediums of production).

                                        Representations     of significant
                                           historical events that interest you,
                                           comparing these with
                                           Shakespeare’s method of
                                           representation.

Evaluate how:                         Medium – Othello is a play that was
                                      written to be performed, but you will
      medium of production           be most familiar with the script. Over
      textual form                   the course of your study you may see
      perspective                    a theatre production and view a film
      choice of language             version – how do these mediums of
                                      production influence meaning?
influence meaning.
                                      Textual form – Your prescribed text
                                      is a drama (play script),
                                      you must evaluate the consequences
                                      of performance choices such as
                                      staging, casting and appropriating.

                                      Perspective – Your context,
                                      Shakespeare’s context, the context of
                                      the viewing public of any
                                      appropriation of the text or any text
                                      that deals with the same
                                      events/personalities/situations, the
                                      perspective of the characters within
                                      the text.

                                      Choice of language –
                                      Shakespearean language needs to
                                      be considered in terms of verse,
                                      prose, iambic pentameter, imagery,
                                      allusion, figurative language, irony,
                                      etc.

The study develops students’               Explore how the technical
understanding of the relationships     choices made by the composer
between representation and meaning.    have positioned you to understand
                                       what is going on in the play.

                                            Question what you understand
                                       – do you think it is what
                                       Shakespeare intended or are you
                                       ‘reading’ the text alternately or in
                                       opposition? Being clear on your
                                       perspective will ensure you
                                         are personally responding.


In their responding and composing,      Revisit the definitions from the Stage
students consider the ways in which     6 English syllabus:
conflicting perspectives on events,
personalities or situations are          Responding     – “The activity that
represented in their prescribed text.   occurs when students read, listen to
                                        or view texts. It encompasses the
                                        personal and intellectual connections
                                        a student makes with the texts. It also
                                        recognises that students and the
                                        texts to which they respond exist in
                                        social and cultural contexts” (p.143).
                                        As an Advanced English student,
                                        most of your responding will involve
                                        higher-order thinking such as
                                        analysing and evaluating. Don’t wait
                                        until the night before the exam to
                                        collect useful evidence, ensure each
                                        of your responses is justified by well-
                                        chosen quotes from the text as you
                                        progress through your study.

                                         Composing     – It is possible to
                                        respond and compose
                                        simultaneously, don’t get confused
                                        that the two actions must always be
                                        separate. The distinction is the
                                        purpose of your text. A response can
                                        simply be an immediate verbal
                                        response to a question from your
                                        teacher asking what you believe is
                                        Iago’s motivation for betraying
                                        Othello. To compose, you are
                                        deliberately thinking of the structure
                                        of your written, spoken or visual text,
                                        your intended meaning and your
                                        intended audience. If time permits,
                                        you will reflect on your composition
                                        and make refinements.

                                         Differing Viewpoints (in Year 12
                                        Conflicting Perspectives) –A
                                        viewpoint or perspective can be
                                        defined as a way of regarding a
                                        situation or set of facts, often
                                        involving a level of judgment.
                                        Perspective is subjective; therefore,
                                        conflict inevitably arises. In reference
to Othello, you need to consider a
variety of perspectives within and
around the text:

o Shakespeare’s perspective of the
characters, events and ieas

o Conflicting character perspectives.
What perspective (opinion, point of
view) does each character have of
each other, of the events and of the
situations in the play?

o Inyour search for related material,
how do other composers’
representations of the events,
personalities or situations depicted
in Othello conflict?

o Does  your viewpoint differ rom that
of other students, even your teacher,
in the class?

o Explore  the world you live in! Our
society is information rich, information
(especially news) can reach us
almost instantly. How can events,
personalities or situations be
represented differently resulting in
differing viewpoints? (remember the
importance of medium of production,
textual form and choice of language).
Sample Essay Questions

   1. Perspectives of an event, personality or situation may be manipulated
      by the ways in which a composer represents them.

      Evaluate the ways in which the composer manipulates perspectives in
      your prescribed text and in at least TWO other related texts of your
      own choosing.

   2. Who do you believe is the main protagonist in Shakespeare’s Othello?
      How does representation affect the responder’s understanding of who
      the central personality is, or what the key event is, or what is the most
      significant situation?

      In your answer, refer to your prescribed text and at least TWO other
      related texts of your own choosing.

   3. How audiences view any event, personality or situation are a result of
      the ways the composer represents them.

      Discuss this statement in reference to your prescribed text and at least
      TWO other related texts of your own choosing.

Modified from:
http://www.hsc.csu.edu.au/english/advanced/representation/elect1/3689/julius
_caesar.htm

				
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