Chapter 19 test Review by dfhdhdhdhjr


									Chapter 19 test Review

                Nato/Warsaw Pact

• Ireland, Spain, Switzerland, Austria,
  Sweden, Finland, Yugoslavia were not
  members of NATO or the Warsaw Pact
  in 1955.
• Warsaw Pact: Soviet Union, Albania,
  Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East
  Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania.
• West Germany was a member of
  NATO, while East Germany was a
  member of the Warsaw Pact.
• Korean War: The Korean War was fought after Korea was divided
  into two countries: the Communist North and the pro-American
• military-industrial complex:The military-industrial complex refers to
  the permanent mobilization of American troops around the world after
  the Korean War and increased.
• thirty-eighth parallel: The thirty-eighth parallel is the latitude line
  that divides North and South Korea.
• Brinkmanship: Brinkmanship is the ability to go to the verge of war
  without becoming engaged in actual combat.
• arms race: The United States and the Soviet Union were engaged in
  an arms race to gain weapons superiority.
• Sputnik: The Soviet Union’s Sputnik was the first artificial satellite to
  orbit Earth.
• U-2 incident: A Soviet guided missile shot down an American spy
  plane in what became known as the U-2 incident.
       •“Nearly every nation must choose between alternative ways of life. The
       choice is too often not a free one. One way of life is based on the will of
       the majority. . . . The second way of life is based upon the will of a
       minority forcibly imposed [forced] upon the majority. . . . I believe that it
       must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are
       resisting attempted subjugation [conquest] by armed minorities or by
       outside pressures. I believe that we must assist free peoples to work out
       their own destinies in their own way.”

• Alternative ways of life: One way of life was based on capitalism
  and democracy, while the other was based on the Communist
• “The choice is too often not a free one” : Truman meant that the
  Soviet Union was using pressure and intimidation to spread
  communism to other nations.
• How would US show support? Truman declared that it must be the
  policy of the United States to support peoples in their struggle for
  freedom and self-determination.
                 Essay Question

• Explain how the contrasting post-World
  War II goals of the Soviet Union and the
  United States led to the Cold War.
• Very different goals
• United States: spread democracy and free enterprise
• Soviets: protect themselves from attack, spread
• Debated the future of Europe
• Tensions quickly developed into the Cold War.

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