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					  saqarTveloSi mcxovrebi qarTveli, azerbaijaneli da somexi erovnebis axalgazrdaTa urTierTdaaxlovebis,
moqalaqeobrivi poziciis Camoyalibebisa da sazogadoebriv cxovrebaSi integraciisaTvis aucilebeli pirobebis
                                                 Seswavla
       ukanasknel periodSi kavkasiaSi ganviTarebuli konfliqtebi, erTi SexedviT, eTnikur xasiaTs
atarebs. mravalnacionaluroba problematuri aRmoCnda saqarTvelosaTvisac, romelis kulturul
Taviseburebasac swored mrvalnacionaluroba warmoadgenda. Tumca eqspertTa nawili Tvlis, rom
kavkasiaSi konfliqtebis mizezebi ara mxolod eTnikuri xasiaTisaa. maTi azriT, konfliqtebi ZiriTadad
gamowveulia mmarTveli elitis nebiT da teritoriebze pretenziiT.
saqarTvelos teritoriaze sxva erovnebebTan erTad, SedarebiT mravalricxovani da kompaqturad
dasaxlebuli, somexi da azerbijaneli erovnebis mosaxleobaa warmodgenili. saqarTvelos Sida
politikisaTvis Zalian mniSvnelovania am da sxva erovnebis warmomadgenlebis interesebisa da
moTxovnebis gaTvaliswineba, maTi socialur- kulturuli adaptacia da integracia qarTul sazogadoebaSi ise,
rom maTi nacionaluri TviTcnobiereba, enisa da kulturis Taviseburebebi SenarCunebuli iqnas.
socialur fsiqologiaSi cnobilia, rom sxvadasxva socialur jgufebs Soris urTierTgaucxoeba, maT Soris
eTnikur jgufebs Sorisac, qmnis am jgufis warmomadgenlebTan winaswar ganwyobebisa da stereotipebis
formirebis winapirobas, rac Tavis mxriv, SeiZleba gaxdes urTierTdapirispirebis mizezi. Tanac, am
faqtorebs kidev ufro arTulebs mZime ekonomikuri pirobebi. cnobilia, rom erT-erTi yvelaze
mniSvnelovani faqtori, romelsac mivyavarT ama-Tu im konfliqtis formirebasTan, aris mxareebs Soris
komunikaciis ararseboba, an informaciis damaxinjeba. amrigad, srulyofili dialogis gaSla sxvadasxva
eTikuri jgufebis warmomadgenelTa Soris unda iyos dafuZnebuli im centralur, sakvanZo momentebze,
romlebic aris saerTo da gasagebi urTierTdamokidebulebis yvela monawilisaTvis, im eTnikuri
stereotipebisa da winaswari ganwyobebis eliminaciisas, romlebic mniSvnelovnad gansazRvraven e.w.
jgufTaSoris miuReblobas.
amasTanave, axlgazrda Taobis warmomadgenlebis empiriuli kvlevis obieqtad arCeva ar aris
SemTxveviTi da ganpirobebulia rom erTis mxriv, axalgazrda adamianebi (igulisxmeba mozardebi 14-16
wlis da 16-22 wlis) ufro senzitiurebi arian gare faqtorebis mimarT, da meores mxriv, swored am periodSi
xdeba adamianis ZiriTadi RirebulebiTi orientaciebis formireba, misi prioritetuli sistemebisa da fiqsirebuli
ganwyobebis Camoyalibeba cxovrebis TiTqmis yvela socialuri aspeqtis mixedviT.
Cveni kvlevis mizans warmoadgens AsaqarTveloSi mcxovrebi qarTvel, somex da azerbaijanel
axalgazrdaTa Soris urTierTdamokidebulebis Seswavla. aseve, im xelSemSleli faqtorebis gamoyofa,
romlebic aferxeben maT TanamSromlobas da saerTo miznebis dasaxvas.
miznidan gamomdinare Cveni kvlevis amocanebs Seadgens:
       1. azerbaijaneli, somexi da qarTveli erovnebis warmomadgenlebisaTvis misaRebi da miuRebeli
           eTnikuri jgufebis gansazRvra



                                                                                                         1
       2. am sami erovnebis warmomadgenelTa erTmaneTis da sxva erovnebisa da saxelmwifoebis
           (somxeTi, saqarTvelo, azerbaijani) mimarT damokidebulebis kvleva
       3. azerbaijaneli, somexi da qarTveli erovnebis warmomadgenlebis damokidebulebis gansazRvra
           religiuri aRmsareblobis mimarT.
       4. azerbaijaneli, somexi da qarTveli erovnebis warmomadgenlebis damokidebulebis gansazRvra
           masmediis mimarT
       5. azerbaijaneli, somexi da qarTveli erovnebis warmomadgenlebis damokidebulebis kvleva
           Sidasaxelmwifoebrivi socialuri institutebis mimarT
       6. azerbaijaneli, somexi da qarTveli erovnebis warmomadgenlebis mier arCevnebisa da qveynis
           Sidapolitikuri situaciis Sefaseba
       7. azerbaijaneli, somexi da qarTveli erovnebis warmomadgenlebis ndobis kvleva saerTaSoriso
           organizaciebis mimarT da maTi muSaobis efeqturobis Sefaseba
       8. saqarTveloSi mcxovrebi somexi qarTveli da azerbaijaneli erovnebis axalgazrda
           warmomadgenelTa urTierTdamokidebulebisa Seswavla

proeqtis ganxorcielebisas gaTvaliswinebuli iyo Semdegi etapebi:
   1. jgufTaSorisi urTierTobis Teoriuli analizi da ZiriTadi faqtebis gamoyofa, romlebic xels uSlian
       mSvidobian Tanacxovrebas.
   2. Catarebuli kvlevis analizi, romelic moicavs sociologiuri kvlevis Sedegebs, mowodebuls CRRC-is
       mier. kvleva Catarda sam regionSi: saqarTveloSi, somxeTsa da azerbaijanSi. naSromSi
       moyvanilia 2004 wlis kvlevis Sedegebi.
analizSi aseve CarTulia kvlevis Sedegebi, romlebic Catarda saqarTveloSi qarTveli, somexi da
azerbaijaneli erovnebis axalgazrdebTan, h. biolis fondis stipendiis farglebSi. kvleva tardeboda 2004 wlis
ivniss-seqtemberSi. arsebuli kvlevis CRRC-is mier mowodebuli monacemebis Sedegebis analizs daerTo
saqarTveloSi Catarebuli kvlevis analizi, sadac ganxilulia somexi, azerbaijaneli da qarTveli erovnebis
resodentTa sakuTari da sxva erovnebis mimarT damokidebuleba. aseve ganxilulia `Cveniani~ da `ucxo~
diqotomia eTnikuri urTierTdamokidebulebis aspeqtSi. orive monacemTa Sedegebis Sejameba saSualeba
mogvcems ganvsazRvroT eTnikuri da religiuri faqtorebis roli eronebebs Soris urTierTobaSi da
konfliqtebis formirebaSi.
gamomdinare iqedan, rom kvleva Catarda mxolod saqarTveloSi mcxovreb axalgazrdebTan da Tanac
CRRC-isTan SedarebiT mcire raodenobis respodentebTan, moxda ara monacemebis urTierTSedareba,
aramed saqarTveloSi Catarebuli kvlevis CarTva fsiqologiuri daskvnebis saxiT ZiriTad analizSi.
saqarTvelaoSi gamoikiTxa 265 orive sqesis respodenti. asaki meryeobda 14-dan 22 wlamde. sam
damoukidebel SerCevaZe eTnikuri jgufebis gaTvaliswinebiT. kvleva tardeboda TbilisSi, axalcixis da
axalqalaqis (samcxe-javaxeTis regionSi, sadac kompaqturad arian dasaxlebli somxuri mosaxleobis


                                                                                                            2
warmomadgenlebi da romelic iTvleba potencialurad daZabulobis kerad) dmanisis da marneulis (qvemo
qarTli – adgili, sadac azerbaijanuli mosaxleoba kompaqturadaa dasaxlebuli), Telavis da goris (ZiriTadad
qarTveli mosaxleoba) raionebSi. TbilisSi gamoikiTxa samive erovnebis warmomadgenlebi – mTliani
SerCevidan qarTveli erovnebis respondentebi – 38.8%, somexi respondentebi _ 32,2%, azerbaijanelebi –
29,5%. ZiriTadad skolis moswavleebi da studentebi.
monacemebi damuSavda SPSS- is statistikuri programiT.
analizis Sedegad miRebuli ZiriTadi daskvnebis safuZvelze SemuSavda jgufTaSorisi komunikaciis modeli
da moxda misi aprobacia. aRsaniSnavia, rom mogveca unikaluri SemTxveva Tvisobrivi kvlevis Semdeg
Cagvetarebina trening jgufebi sazafxulo skola-banakSi, romlis organizatorebi iyvnen World Vision da
kavkasiuri saxli. xolo monawileebi im regionebis axalgazrdebi, sadac kompaqturad arian dasaxlebuli
azerbaijaneli da somexi erovnebis warmomadgenlebi. maTi asaki meryeobs 14-22 wlamde, iyo mcdeloba
Tanabrad yofiliyo daculi genderuli balansi. eTnikuri mikuTuTvnebulobis TvalsazrisiT monawileebi
iyvnen qarTveli, somexi, azerbaijaneli, rusi, ebraeli, ukraineli erovnebis warmomadgenlebi.
fokus jgufebi Catarda sazafxulo skola-banakSi 2005 wlis ivlisis da seqtembris TveSi., miRebuli
informacia da Sedegebi gvaZlevs siRrmiseuli analizis gakeTebisa da treining-jgufebisaTvis masalis
momzadebis saSualebas. sul Catarda 11 fokus jgufi, aqedan pirveli rva 2-2 TiTo regionidan 10 monawilis
SemadgenlobiT, sul 8 jgufi: 2 marneuleli monawileebiT dakompleqtebuli, 2 bolniselebiT, 2 axalcixe da
1-1 ninowminda-axalqalaqi. 3 jgufi iyo Sereuli tipis, mag axlcixe, bolnisi, marneuli, an marneuli-
axalqalaqi. rogorc aRiniSna kvlevis paralelurad tardeboda trening jgufebi Semdegi unarebis
gamomuSavebaze: efeqturi komunikacia, asertuli qceva, lideruli da kreatiuli unarebisa da konfliqturi
situaciis marTvisa da mogvarebis unarebis gamomuSavebaze. aseve gamoiyeneboda sociodramis
elementebic da yovelive es mimarTuli iyo tolerantobis, rogorc Rirebulebis Camoyalibebaze.
analizi momzadda 2 etapad. I etapi _ arsebuli Sedegebis analizi da II etapi _ fokus jgufebis Sedegad
miRebuli masalis analizi.
A proeqtis meTodologias safuZvlad edeba Semdegi Teoriuli koncefciebi da principebi:
1. s. kornelis kavkasiaSi arsebuli eTnopolitikuri konfliqtebis Seswavlis Teoriuli safuZvlebi
2. h. tejfelis jgufTaSorisi urTierTobis da socialuri identobis Teoria
3. S. nadiraSvilis socialuri identobis Teoria
4. soldatovas identobis gagebis eTnofsiqologiuri midgoma
5. a. zdravomislovis konfliqtis sociologiisTeoriuli safuZvlebi
6. i. morenos sociomertiisa da sociodramis Teoriuli safuZvlebi
aseve gamoiyeneba masalebi:
Jurnali ~eTno nacionalizmi dasavleT evropaSi~
domenik kola. politikuri sociologia
eTnikurobis konstruqcia /v. voronkovis redaqciiT/

                                                                                                          3
eTnikuri da religiuri aratolerantuloba ruseTis masmediaSi /a. verxobski/
saqarTveloSi Catarebul kvlevas safuZvlad daedo specialurad SemuSavebuli kiTxvari, romlis farglebSic
gamoiyeneboda Semdegi meTodebi:
                               kvlevis meTodebi da Catarebis procedura
1. bogardusis socialuri distanciis sakvlevi meTodis modificirebuli varianti. meTodi ikvlevs sxva erebis
mimReblobis xarisxs, romlebic gaerTianebulebi arian eTnikuri, kulturuli an sxva niSnebiT. agreTve,
jgufSi ufro miRebuli da SedarebiT gandevnili wevrebis arsebobas (TiTqmis igive funqcias asrulebs i.
morenos fsiqometruli testic). es meTodi gamoyenebuli iyo didi socialuri jgufebis sakvlevad.
2. semantikuri diferencialis meTodi. es aris skala, sadac polusurad ganlagebulia specialurad SerCeulia
antonimebi-gansazRvrebebi, romelTa konteqsti gamoxatavs afeqtur, kognitur da qceviT Sinaarsebs.
semantikuri diferencialis meTodiT SesaZlebelia davadginoT simpaTia-antipaTiis gamoxatulebis
kriteriumi da xarisxi, agreTve gamovavlinoT Sidajgufuri da jgufTaSorisi damokidebulebebis stereotipebi.
3. socialuri ganwyobis meTodi, SemuSavebuli qarTveli fsiqologebis mier S. nadiraSvilis
xelmZRvanelobiT. meTodi ikvlevs eTnosebs Soris urTierTobaSi socialuri ganwyobis rols da adgens
mimReblobis zonebs.
4. kiTxvarebis bloki SedarebiT gavrcelebuli eTnikuri stereotipebisa da ideologiuri orientaciis
gamosavlenad. am blokSi aseve Sedis eTnikurobasTan dakavSirebuli sxadasva atributebi.
5. fokus jgufebi daefuZneba belanovskis meTodis fokus jgufis da morenos sociodramis meTodis
principebs.
                                            analizi CRRC

       anketa Sedgeba Semdegi blokebisagan:
     ojaxebis daxasiaTeba, romelic moicavs ojaxis wevrebis raodenobas (18 wlis zeviT), rogorc
       respondentis, aseve sxva ojaxis wevrebis sqess, dabadebis TariRs, ganaTlebas. SerCeva moxda
       Kirsch Table-is meTodiT.
     D demografiuli nawilisagan
     E. ganaTleba
     M migracia
     H. janmrTeloba
     P politikuri Sexedulebebi/moRvaweoba
     S. socialuri institutebi
     R. krominali
     C. ekonomikuri monacemebi
SromaSi ZiriTadi aqcenti gakeTdeba politikur Sexedulebebze/moRvaweobaze da socialur institutebze,
Tumca moyvanili iqneba manacemebi sxva blokebidan.
monacemebi damuSavda SPSS- is statistikuri programiT.
sul samxreT kavkasisi regionSi gamokiTxulia 4461 respondenti. TiToeuli regionisaTvis maTi procentuli
gadanawileba Semdegnairadaa warmodgenili:




                                                                                                          4
               Geo


              Azer


            Armen


                      32,6           32,8           33              33,2    33,4           33,6             33,8


             aRsaniSnavia, rom kvlava Catarda regionebis dedaqalaqebSi: TbilisSi, baqosa da erevanSi. rodesac
            saubari iqneba regionze aq, pirobiTad, igulisxmeba saqarTvelo, azerbaijani da somxeTi.
            respondentebis demografiuli monacemebis aRwera daviwyoT ojaxebis daxasiaTebiT.
                   TiToeuli regionisaTvis gamokiTxulTa ojaxSi wevrebis raodenoba saSualod 4 adamianiT
            ganisazRvra.
             samive regionis gamokiTxulebSi yvelaze xSirad I da II wevri figurirebs. rac imas niSnavs, rom ZirTadad
            gamokiTxuli arian I - ojaxis ufrosi wevri, mamrobiTi sqesis. maTi asaki saSualod meryeobs 53
            (azerbaijani) 57 (somxeTi da saqarTvelo)wlis farglebSi.
                     The number of respondent                                    The number of respondent                                 The number of respondent

                     REGION:         1 1. Armenia                                REGION:       2 2. Azerbaijan                            REGION:         3 3. Georgia
                                                                                                                                    700
               700                                                         700


               600                                                         600                                                      600


               500                                                         500                                                      500


               400                                                         400                                                      400


               300                                                         300                                                      300


               200                                                         200                                                      200
                                                                                                                     Frequency
Frequency




                                                             Frequency




               100                                                         100                                                      100

                0                                                           0                                                        0
                       1    2    3     4   5    6    7   8                         1   2   3    4   5   6    7   9   11                     1    2    3     4   5    6   7   8


                     The number of respondent                                    The number of respondent                                 The number of respondent

            II wevri – mdedrobiTi sqesis, asaki - 44 (azerbaijani) da 48 (somxeTi da saqarTvelo).

            ojaxuri statusis mixedviT gamokiTxulTa naxevarze meti (55,5%) daojaxebulia da cxovrobs
            meuRlesTan erTad. regionebis mixedviT: somxeTis 53,3%, azerbaijani 57,4%, saqarTvelo 56%. nawili
            arasdros yofila qorwinebaSi - somxeTis - 21,3%, azerbaijani -22,2%, saqarTvelos - 20%. SedarebiT
            naklebi procentuli raodenobiT warmodgenilia kategoria, romelsac Seadgenen qvrivebi: somxeTis -
            15,6%, azerbaijani - 13,4%, saqarTvelodan - 12,4%.
            eTnikurobis TvalsazrisiT, mTel regionSi gamokiTxulTa Soris Semdegi ranJiri gamoikveTa:
                1. somexi
                2. azerbaijaneli
                3. qarTveli
                4. rusi
                5. lekebi, osi, iezidi.
                6. ebraeli
                7. afxazi, aisori, berZeni, qurTi, taliSi
                8. Turqi, belorusi, TaTari.
                9. CeCeni, dargueli, lakebi, marieli, boSa
            xolo regionebis mixedviT gamokiTxulTa gadanawileba eTnikuri mikuTvnebulobis mixedviT
            Semdegnairad moxda:

            regioni    somxeTi                                             azerbaijani                                           saqarTvelo
            eTnikuroba somxebi 96.7%                                       azerbaijanlebi 90,7%                                  qarTvelebi 86,4%
                                       rusebi 1,3%                         rusebi 6%                                             somxebi 6,3%
                                       aisorebi 0,6%                       lekebi 1,2%                                           rusebi 2,2%
                                       afxazebi 0,3%                       taliSebi 0,5%                                         osebi 1,2%


                                                                                                                                                                                 5
              iezidebi 0,1%      ebraelebi 0,3%                iezidebi 1,2%
              berZnebi 0.1%      qurTebi 0,3%                  azerbaijanlebi 0,6%
              sxva 0.8%          Turqebi 0,3%                  berZnebi 0,5%
                                 TaTrebi 0,3%                  ebraelebi 0,5%
                                 CeCnebi                       qurTebi 0,3%
                                 darginebi                     TaTrebi 0,3%
                                 belorusebi                    afxazebi
                                 lakebi                 0,1%   aisorebi
                                 marielebi                     belorusebi         0,1%
                                 boSebi                        lakebi
                                                               marielebi
                                                               miWirs pasuxi

      cxrilidan kargad Cans baqos da erevnis mosaxleobasTan SedarebiT saqarTvelos, kerZod, ki
       Tbilisis mosaxleobis mravaleTnikuroba. aRsaniSnavia, rom maravaleTnikurobiT gamoirCeva
       baqos mosaxleobac.

sasaubro ena, romelzec respondentebi saubroben ojaxSi mTlianad gamokiTxuli respodentebis
umravlesobam aRniSna:
            1. somxuri
            2. azerbaijanuli
            3. qarTuli
            4. rusuli
regioni       somxeTi        azerbaijani            saqarTvelo
sasaubr.ena   somxuri 92,3%  azerbaijanuli 91,8%    qarTuli 87,5%
              rusuli 6,6         rusuli 7,6                    rusuli 5,2%
              afxazuri           lezgineuli, taliSuri          somxuri
              asiriuli           Turquli                       qurTuli
              sxva                                             azerbaijanuli
                                                               berZnuli
                                                               afxazuri
                                                               asiriuli
                                                               osuri
                                                               Turquli

      rogorc am cxrilidan Cans sasaubro enis gamoyenebis mimarT TbilisSi ufro liberaluri
       damokidebulebaa danarCeni or regionTan SedarebiT.
.
ojaxSi meore sasaubro enas gamoyenebas uaryofs gamokiTxulTa umravlesoba. regionebis mixedviT –
somxeTi - 68,2% Azerbaijani - 76%, saqarTvelos - 79,4%. xolo maT Soris, vinc meore enaze saubrobs,
umravlesobam (79-79% somxeTi da azerbaijanidan da 63% -saqarTvelodan) daasaxela rusuli. ukve
CamoTvlili sasaubro enebis garda dasaxelda: ebrauli, ieziduri, TaTruli, inglisuri, lekuri, portugaliuri,
germanuli. aRsaniSnavia, rom TiTqmis yvela zemoTxsenebuli sasaubro ena, maT Soris, evropulic
miTiTebulia Tbilisis SemTxvevaSic. inglsuri, rogorc II sasaubro ena saqarTvelos garda dasaxelda
azebaijanis SemTxvevaSic.

moqalaqeobis gansazRvrisas dadebiTi pasuxi TbilisSi gamokiTxulTa 99,7% gasca.
baqoSi gamokiTxulTa 98,9% miuTiTebda, rom isini arian azerbaijanis moqalaqeebi, danarCenebi
aRniSnavdnen, rom isini iynvene TurqeTis (0,7%), ruseTis (0,3%) da saqarTvelos (0,1%)moqalaqeebi.
rac Seexeba erevans, aq gamokiTxulTa 97,3% daafiqsira somxeTis moqalaqeoba. danarCenebi
miuTiTebdnen ruseTis, saqarTvelos, yarabaxis, iranis, serbeTisa da a.S.S.-s moqalaqeobas.
dasaqmebis TvalsazrisiT sixSireebis gadanawilebam Semdegi suraTi mogvca - regionebis mixedviT,
SedarebiT gamokveTili procentuli maCveneblebiT Tu vimsjelebT:
regioni       somxeTi                           azerbaijani                  saqarTvelo
dasaqmeba     pensionrebi da invalidebi (24%)   saxelmwifo organizaciis      umuSevrebi, eZeben (26.7%)
              saxelmwifo organizaciis                   TanamSromlebi (23.3%)            saxelmwifo organizaciis

                                                                                                                   6
                TanamSromlebi (18,8%)                  umuSevrebi, eZeben (18.3%)          TanamSromlebi (20.4%)
                umuSevrebi, eZeben (17.7%)             pensisonrebi da invalidebi          pensisonrebi da invalidebi
                kerZo organizaciis TanamSromlebi       (16.5%)                             (17.7%)
                (13,9%)                                umuSevrebi, ar eZeben (15.2%)       kerZo organizaciis
                umuSevrebi, ar eZeben (12.5%)                                              TanamSromlebi (11,9%)
                                                                                           umuSevrebi, ar eZeben (10.8%)
aRniSnuli pasuxebis garda warmodgenili iyo: TviTdasaqmebuli, daqiravebuli muSaxelis gareSe,
damqiravebeli, studenti; azerbaijanis SemTxvevaSi - diasaxlisi, vemzadebi jarisaTvis, aspiranturaSi
vswavlob, vimyofebi dekretSi. dekretuli Svebuleba umuSevrobis mizezad dasaxelda saqarTvelos
SemTxvevaSic. rac Seexeba somxeTs, aq garda daxurul kiTxvebSi miTiTebulisa sxva pasuxebi ar
dasaxelebula.

         TbilisSi gamokiTxulTa TiTqmis mesamedi dasaqmebaze msjelobisas aRniSnavs, rom
          umuSevrebi arian da maTi umuSevroba ganpirobebuila im faqtiT, rom ver ipoves samuSao. am
          TvalsazrisiT ranJiriT II adgilzea baqo da III - erevani. baqoSi ranJiris mixedviT I adgilzea
          saxelmwifo organizaciis TanamSromlebi arian, Tbilissa da erevanSi amgvarad dasaqmebulTa
          ranguli wona II adgiliT ganisazRvreba. erevenis SemTxvevaSi I adgili pensionrebsa da invalidebs
          ukaviaT.

umuSevrobis mizezebis dasaxelebis Sesaxeb SekiTxva gamotova somxeTis regioni - 70.2%, azerbijani -
77.8%, saqarTvelo - 62,4% resposdentma. xolo maT Soris vinc upasuxa, ZiriTad mizezad dasaxela:
regioni         somxeTi                                azerbaijani                           saqarTvelo

umuSevrobis     ver vipove /ar aris samuSao 36,6%      ojaxuri pirobebis gamo 39,1%          ver vipove /ar aris samuSao
mizezi          ojaxuri pirobebi 26,2%                 ver vipove samuSao saTanado           52,5%
                ver vipove samuSao saTanado            anazRaurebiT 23,3%                    ojaxuri pirobebi 22%
                anazRaurebiT 21,5%                     ver vipove /ar aris samuSao 12,7%     ver vipove samuSao saTanado
                                                                                             anazRaurebiT 17,7%

         rogorc mosalodneli iyo, TbilisSi gamokiTxulTa im nawilis umravlesobam (52,5%)vinc azri
          gamoTqva umuSevrobis mizezebze aRniSna, rom ver ipova /ar aris samuSao. rangulad
          igivenairad, oRond SedarebiT mcire procentiT, es mizezi dasaxelda erevanSi (36,6%)
          gamokiTxulTa Soris. baqos SemTxvevaSi es mizezi naklebmniSvnelovania da rangulad III
          adgilze aRmoCnda. amrigad, SeiZleba iTqvas, rom baqoSi umuSevroba dakavSirebulia kargad
          anazRaurebadi samuSao adgilebis araasebobasTan da ojaxur pirobebTan.

umuSevrobis SemTxvevaSi dasaqmebis Sesabamis organoSi registraciaze uaryofiTi pasuxi gaeca
somxeTis regionidan 85.2% (gamotova 71,5%), azerbijanidan - 88.6% (gamotova 78.8%), saqarTvelodan
- 95.5% (gamotova 62,4%)resposdentma.
samsaxuris povnis albaToba samive regionis respodentebis umravlesobam upasuxod datova (92,5%),
xolo maT Soris vinc upasuxa am SekiTxvas, umravlesoba - (68,6%) miiCnevs rom ipovis samsaxurs
specialobiT.

yvelaze mniSvnelovani faqtorebis dasaxelebisas, romlebic saWiroa kargi samuSaos
dasawyebad, mocemuli faqtorebi samive regionis respodentebisaTvis Semdegi ranJiriT ganawilda:
regioni         somxeTi              azerbaijani                     saqarTvelo

faqtorebi       kavSirebi            fuli                            kavSirebi
kargi           fuli                 kavSirebi                       ganaTleba
samsaxuris      ganaTleba            ganaTleba                       niWi, prof.SesaZleblobebi
dasawyebad      dauRalavi Sroma      niWi, prof.SesaZleblobebi       fuli

         aRsaniSnavia, rom respondentebi samive regionidan Tvlian, rom kargi samuSaos povnisTvis
          umTavresi mniSvnelobis mqone kavSirebia. aRniSnul faqtori pirvelxarisxovani mniSvnelobis
          mqonea Tbilisisa da erevanisaTvis da aranakleb mniSvnelovania baqos SemTxvevaSi (rangulad II

                                                                                                                       7
       adgili). aseve mniSvneloania fulis faqtori baqos (I adgili) da erevanis (II adgili) SemTxvevaSi.
       TbilisSi gamokiTxulebisaTvis kargi samuSaos povnisTvis fuls SedarebiT naklebi mniSvneloba
       (IV adgili) eniWeba ganaTlebisa da niWerebis, profesionaluri SesaZlebleobebis Semdeg. rac imis
       maCvenebelia, rom saqarTvelos da kerZod, TbilisisaTvis ganaTlebisa da dasaqmebis sistemaSi
       seriozuli Zvrebi xdeba. rac Seexeba baqos da erevans ganaTlebas rangulad III adgili aqvs
       daTmobili.

respondentebi Tvlian, rom samuSaos dasawyebad mniSvnelovani faqtoria iyo axalgazrda, qali, gqondes
muSaobis survili (somxeTi); miRwevebi politikur partiaSi, sazRvargareT miRebuli codna, nacionaloba
(saqarTvelo), icode kompiuteri da inglisuri (azerbaijani) da sxv.
sxvadasxva jgufebis adamianTa mimarT damokidebulebis kvlevam regionebis mixedviT Semdegi
suraTi mogvca:
sxvadasxva jgufis        somxeTi              azerbaijani          saqarTvelo
adamiani                  diax ara ar         diax ara         ar  diax ara     ar
                                       vici                   vici             vici
1 Sids-iT                  24 59.8 16.2 8.9 77.3 13.8 49.6 39.7 10.7
    daavadebuli
2 narkomani                8.9 82.3 8.8        6.5 85.9 7.9         39 54.1 6.9
3 homoseqsualisti         11.8 77.3 10.9 4.9 86.7 8.3 29.2 63.5 7.3
4 tuberkulioziT            18 65.6 16.4 10.2 80.4 9.4 51.4 38.9 9.7
    daavadebuli
5 qronikuli loTi          17.6 72.7 9.7        8.3 82.9 8.7 30.2 62            7.8
CamoTvlili jgufis adamianebTan respondentebi ra formis urTierTobas isurvebdnen (megobrobas,
mezoblobas, TanamSromlobas) davajgufeT pasuxgaucemeli, dadebiTi da uaryofiTi pasuxebis da
mixedviT. cxrilSi daTvlilia mTlianobaSi dadebiTi, uaryofiTi da pasuxgaucemeli kiTxvebi erTad da ara
cal-calke kategoriebis mixedviT – visTan imezoblebdi, imegobrebdi da a.S, raTa gamoCndes zogadi
tendenciebi - saubaria visTan geqnebodaT urTierToba. vicxovrebdi erT ojaxSi yvela respondentma
gamotova.
     aRsaniSnavia, rom yvelaze tolerantulebi aRmoCndnen Tbiliselebi, vinaidan umeteswilad swored
        TbilisSi gamokiTxulTa mniSvnelovanma nawilma (danarCen regionebis gamokiTxulebTan
        SedarebiT) dauSva sxvadasxva jgufis adamianebTan (tuberkuloziT, Sids-iT daavadebulebi,
        narkomanebi, loTebTi, homoseqsualistebi) urTierToba. mimReblobis TvalsazrisiT TbilisSi
        gamokiTxulebs mniSvnelovnad CamorCebian erevneli respondentebi. sxvadasxva jgufebis
        adamianTa mimarT naklebtolerantulebi aRmoCndnen azerbaijanlebi.
     gansakuTrebuli mimReblobiT Tbiliselebi gamoirCevian tuberkuloziT daavadebulTa mimarT.
        aranakleb Semwynareblobas iCenen SidsiT daavadebulTa mimarT. maTi tolerantoba vrceldeba
        narkomanebzec, rangiriT me-4 adgilze Semwynareblobis TvalsazrisiT arian qronikuli loTebi da
        bolos homoseqsualistebi, Tumca am jgufis mimarT mimReblobas daaxloebiT 1/3 gamoxatavs.
     erevanSi gamokiTxulebi mimReblobas sxvadasxva jgufebis adamianTa mimarT Semdegnairad
        gamoxataven, SedarebiT misaRebebi ranJiriT arian:
    1) Sids-iT daavadebulebi
    2) tuberkulioziT daavadebulebi
    3) qronikuli loTebi
    4) homoseqsualistebi
    5) narkomanebi
     rogorc aRiniSna baqos respondentTa umravlesoba negatiurad aris ganwyobili TiTqmis yvela
        jgufis mimarT, Tumca aqac SeiniSneba mimReblobis TvalsazrisiT mcire ranJiri:
            1. tuberkulioziT daavadebulebi
            2. Sids-iT daavadebulebi
            3. qronikuli loTebi
            4. narkomanebi
            5. homoseqsualistebi

                                                                                                      8
aqve gamovyofT saqarTveloSi Catarebuli kvlevis Sedegebs, sadac, marTalia, sruliad sxva
maxasiaTeblebs Soris adgens kanonzomierebebs, Tumca kargad Cans sqesobrivi umciresobis mimarT
axalgazrda respondentebis damokidebuleba:
 gamokiTxul respodentTa umravlesobis azriT, maTi megobrebis, axloblebisa da naTesavebis wre

   `ucxoebs~ miakuTvneben aratipur, maTgan gansxvavebul adamianebsa da garemos, romelsac
   SeuZlia arasasurveli zegavlena moaxdinos maT jgufze. maTTvis miuRebel jgufebs miekuTvnebian:
_ sqesobrivi umciresobis warmomadgenlebi;
_ gansxvavebuli religiis adamianiebi;
_ gansxvavebuli azris da Sexedulebebis mqone adamianebi;
    sqesobrivi umciresobis warmomadgenelTa mimarT yvelaze metad miuReblobas avlenen
       azerbaijaneli da somexi erovnebis respodentebi; gansxvavebuli religiis warmomadgenelTa
       mimarT miuRebloba gamoxates qarTvelma da somexi erovnebis gamokiTxulebma.
    gansxvavebuli religiis adamianebi yvelaze metad miuReblebi arian raioneli respodentebisaTvis.
    nakleb gaRizianebas iwveven pirebi da socialuri jgufis warmomadgenlebi, romlebsac ar SeuZliaT
       mniSvnelovani zegavlenis moxdena maT jgufze. maT respodentebi miakuTvneben gansxvavebuli
       gonebrivi SesaZleblobebis mqone adamians, raionidan Camosuls, gansxvavebuli erovnebis
       adamians da gansxvavebuli socialuri mdgomareobis adamians.
    TiTqmis ignorirebulia respodentTa mier ekonomiuri faqtori. maTi azriT, is ar aris adamianTa
       diferenciaciis kriteriumi.
    respodentebis 1/6 uaryofs iseTi sazogadoebebis arsebobas, romlic raime niSnis mixedviT
       miuRebelia maTi jgufisaTvis. am pozicias iziarebs Tbiliseli respodentebis mniSvnelovani nawili.
    gamoikveTa qalaqelis an romelime sxva jgufis miuReblobis erTeuli SemTxvevebi.
    orive sqesis respodentebi gamoxataven miuReblobis erTnairad maRal xarisxs gansxvavebuli
       religiis mqone pirTa mimarT. amasTan erTad, absoliturad neitraluri damokidebuleba aqvT
       gansxvavebuli erovnebis adamianebis mimarT, rac gansakuTrebiT aRiniSneboda qarTvel
       respodentebTan.
    mamrobiTi sqesis gamokiTxulTa umravlesobisTvis miuRebelia sqesobrivi umciresobis
       warmomadgenlebi, maSin roca mdedreobiTi sqesis respodentebi am ukanaskneleTa mimarT
       nakleb miuReblobas gamoxataven. Tumca, isini ufro uaryofiTad afaseben gansxvavebuli azris da
       Sexedulebebis mqone adamianebs, mamrobiTi sqesis respodentebTan SedarebiT, romlebic
       neitralur damokidebulebas amJRavneben maT mimarT.
     mTlianobaSi paradoqsuli Sedegia is, rom gamokiTxulebi SesaZleblad Tvlian gadamdeb da
        zogadad, sneul adamianebTan urTierTobas, miT umetes, roca saqme exeba
        TanmSromlobas, mezoblobas da megobrobas da gaurbian homoseqsualistebTan
        urTierTobas, rac TavisTavad safrTxes ar uqmnis janmrTelobas. faqtobrivad,
        kavkasielebisaTvis mniSvnelovania moraluri sazogadoebrivi normebi, romelTanac
        SedarebiT janmrTelobas da keTildReobas naklebi yuradReba eqceva.
politikiT dainteresebaze msjelobisas gamoikveTa Semdegi suraTi:

                                                                                                         9
                            At which extent are you interested in politics?
                                                                                                           At which extent are you interested in politics?which extent are you interested in politics?
                                                                                                                                                       At
                            REGION:             1 1. Armenia
                   500
                                                                                                           REGION:             2 2. Azerbaijan                                                  REGION:                3 3. Georgia
                                                                                                     600                                                                                  800
                   400
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                   300                                                                               400                                                                                  600

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                                                                                                                                                                                                Very much interested     Not very interested
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Somew hat             Not at all intereste


                            At which extent are you interested in politics?                                At which extent are you interested in politics?                                      At which extent are you interested in politics?

            regioni                         somxeTi                                                                            azerbaijani                                                                  saqarTvelo

            daintereseba                    Zalian mainteresebs 21%                                                            Zalian mainteresebs 9,5%                                                     Zalian mainteresebs 22,4%
            politikiT                       metnaklebad 30%                                                                    metnaklebad 22,1%                                                            metnaklebad 51.4%
                                            arc ise mainteresebs 25,3%                                                         arc ise mainteresebs 30,4%                                                   arc ise mainteresebs 12.4%
                                            saerTod ar mainteresebs 23,7%                                                      saerTod ar mainteresebs                                                      saerTod ar mainteresebs 13.9%
                                                                                                                               37,9%

            msjeloben politikaze.
            regioni                         somxeTi                                                          azerbaijani                                                         saqarTvelo

            msjeloba                        Zalian xSirad 13.4%                                              Zalian xSirad 6,7%                                                  Zalian xSirad 18,8%
            politikaze                      sakmaod xSirad 24.5%                                             sakmaod xSirad 12,8%                                                sakmaod xSirad 27,6%
                                            iSviaTad 41,7%                                                   iSviaTad 37,1%                                                      iSviaTad 45%
                                            arasdros 20,3                                                    arasdros 43,3%                                                      arasdros 8,7%

                                                                                                                                                                                How often do you discuss politics?
               How often do you discuss politics?                                          How often do you discuss politics?
                                                                                                                                                                                     REGION:          3 3. Georgia
                             REGION:            1 1. Armenia                                           REGION:         2 2. Azerbaijan

              Missing
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Very often
              DK                                                                           Nev er
                                                                                                                                                 Very often
                                                                         Very often
              Never
                                                                                                                                               Rather often




                                                                       Rather often
                                                                                                                                                                            Rarely
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Rather often



                                                                                                                                                    Rarely
              Rarely




                   
                   yvelaze politizirebulebi aRmoCndenen Tbiliseli respondentebi, yvelaze apolitikurni ki baqoelebi.
                   erevanSi gamokiTxulebs Soris Tanabrad gamoikveTnen rogorc politikiT dainteresebuli, aseve
                   politikisgan Zalian Sors mdgomni. Sesabamisad, yvelaze xSirad Tbiliselebi msjeloben politikaze
                   da yvelaze iSviaTad baqoeli respondentebi. SesaZloa baqo respondentTa apolitikuroba, danarCeni
                   ori regionis respondentebTan SedarebiT, ganpirobebuli iyos erTpirovnuli, Seucvleli politikuri
                   lideris arsebobiT.
            respondentTaTvis politikur siaxleebis Sesaxeb informaciis wyaros ZiriTadad warmoadgens:
                1. televizori
                2. radio
                3. gazeTi
            da SedarebiT nakleb informatulad miCneulia
                4. interneti
                5. ojaxis wevrebi
                6. megobrebi, mezoblebi
                7. samsaxuri, kolegebi.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             10
aRmoCnda, rom bolo saparlamento arCevnebSi monawileobda samive regionis gamokiTxulTa
umravlesoba (64,4%), regionebis mixedviT
regioni         somxeTi                      azerbaijani                saqarTvelo

monawileoba     diax 69.8%                   diax 53,2%                 diax 70,1%
saparlamento    ara 29,8%                    ara 45,7%                  ara 29,8%
arCevnebSi      uari pasuxze 0,3%            uari pasuxze 1,1%          uari pasuxze 0,1%
xolo danarCenebma monawileobis miuReblobis mizezad ZiriTadad daasaxeles
regioni         somxeTi                      azerbaijani                   saqarTvelo

monawileobis    azri ar aqvs                 politika ar mainteresebs      ar viyavi qalaqSi
miuReblobis     avad viyavi                  ar vici                        avad viyavi,
mizezi          ar var moqalaqe              ojaxuri problemebi            viyavi samuSaod
                dro ar mqonda                ar maqvs piradobis            ojaxuri problemebi
                ar mqonda gavlili            mowmoba                       ar var moqalaqe
                registracia                  ar var moqalaqe               ar mqonda dro
                Cemi saxeli ar iyo siaSi     ar maxsovs                    Cemi saxeli ar iyo saarCevno
                                             ar vicnobdi kandidatebs       siaSi
                                             ar mqonda dro                 religiuri mosazrebebis gamo
                                                                           garantirebuli Sedegis
                                                                           mosalodnelobis gamo
                                                                           Caweril teritoriaze aryofnis
                                                                           gamo
                                                                           ar mqonda registracia
                                                                           markirebis proceduris gamo
aRiniSna aseve pasuxebi: ar momwonda arc erTi kandidati; ar viyavi zrdasruli; protestis niSnad
     rogorc vxedavT, Tbiliselebi aqac lideroben politikuri Tu moqalaqeobrivi poziciis gamoxatvis
       TvalsazrisiT. odnav CamorCebian erevenSi gamokiTxulebi.
rac Seexeba bolo saprezidento arCevnebSi monawileobas, mTlianad samxreTkavkasiis regionSi
gamokiTxulTa 77,7% miiRo monawileoba. regionebis mixedviT Sedegebi sapirispiroa.
regioni         somxeTi                      azerbaijani                saqarTvelo

monawileoba     diax 77,1%                   diax 81,5%                 diax 74,4%
saprezidento    ara 22,7%                    ara 18,4%                  ara 25,5%
arCevnebSi      uari pasuxze 0,2%            uari pasuxze 0,1%          uari pasuxze 0,1%
TiTqmis igive mizezebi dasaxelda, rac saparlamento arCevnebis SemTxvevaSi.
    saparlamento arCevnebSi monawileobis TvalsazrisiT Tu lideroben Tbiliseli da erevneli
      responrdentebi, saprezidento arCevnebSi procentuli maCveneblis mixedviT (81,5%) pirveloba
      baqoel respondentebs ekuTvniT. pirobiTad, bolo adgili ki Tbilisel respondentebs.
      monawileoba bolo 12 Tvis ganmavlobaSi raime saxis sazogadoebriv-politikur saqmianobaSi,
magaliTad, politikuri demonstracia, mitingi, peticiaze xelmowera da sxva.
regioni          somxeTi                           azerbaijani                       saqarTvelo

monawileoba      diax, mxolod erTxel 3%            diax, mxolod erTxel 2.8%          diax, mxolod erTxel 6.7%
sazogadoebriv    diax, ramdenimejer 3.9%           diax, ramdenimejer 1.3%           diax, ramdenimejer 16%
saqmianobaSi     ara 92.9%                         ara 94.4%                         ara 76,5%
                 uari pasuxis gacemaze 0.1         uari pasuxis gacemaze 1.2%        uari pasuxis gacemaze 0,8%
     sazogadoebriv-politikur saqmianobaSi samxreTkavkasiis sxva regionebTan SedarebiT Tbiliseli
      respondentebi ufro arian CarTulni.
respodentebis azriT, qveyanaSi situacia midis




                                                                                                                  11
                                                                                                                    In your opinion, are
                     In your opinion, are things in our country movingIn your opinion, are things in our country moving in the right directiothings in our country moving in th
                                                                       in the right directio

                     REGION:            1 1. Armenia                                                 REGION:           2 2. Azerbaijan                            REGION:            3 3. Georgia
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                                                                                                                                         a
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                                                                                                                                                                         In
                                                                                                     In your opinion, are things in our country moving in the right directio y our opinion, are things in our country mov ing in the right directio
                  Sesabamisad Tbiliselebi ufro kmayofilebi arian qveynis kursiT. maTi azriT qveyanaSi situacia
                   midis swori mimarTulebiT. Tbiliseli respondentebis azrs nawilobriv iziareben baqoeli
                   respondentebi. rac Seexeba erevnel respondentebs, am mimarTebiT, maTi azri daaxloebiT
                   Tanabrad aris gadanawilebuli situaciis Sefasebis dadebiT, neitralur da uaryofiT damokidebulebas
                   Soris.
            sakuTari qveynisTvis upirvelesi mniSvnelobis sakiTxebs TiTqmis Tanabari mniSvneloba eniWeba,
            mciredi ranJiriT
            regioni                                somxeTi                                                                azerbaijani                                           saqarTvelo

            sakiTxebis                             socialuri                                                              ekonomikuri                                           yvela Tanabrad
            mniSvnelovneba                         ekonomikuri                                                            socialuri da demokratiis
                                                   saerTaSoriso da demokratiis                                            mSenebloba
                                                   mSenebloba                                                             saerTaSoriso

            qveynisaTvis yvelaze mniSvnelovni miznebis gamokveTisas regionebis mixedviT Semdegi Sedegi
            miviReT:

            miznebi                            somxeTi                                                                     azerbaijani                                        saqarTvelo
                                 siRatakis aRmofxvra da umuSevrobis                                                  qveynis teritorialuri                                siRatakis aRmofxvra
                                            donis Semcireba                                                          mTlianobis aRdgena
                                         Semosavlebis gazrda                                                         siRatakis aRmofxvra                           umuSevrobis donis Semcireba
                                         korufciasTan brZola                                                           umuSevrobis donis                          qveynis teritorialuri mTlianobis
                                                                                                                            Semcireba                                         aRdgena
                                   socialuri uTanasworobis Semcireba                                                 ltolvilTa da iZulebiT                            Semosavlebis gazrda
                                                                                                                     gadaadgilebulTa
                                                                                                                     dabruneba TavianT
                                                                                                                     saxlebSi
                                        qveynis teritorialuri mTlianobis                                             Semosavlebis gazrda                                   korufciasTan brZola
                                                    aRdgena
                                          migraciis donis Semcireba                                                   korufciasTan brZola                  ltolvilTa da iZulebiT gadaadgilebulTa
                                                                                                                                                           dabruneba TavianT saxlebSi
                               jandacvis sistemis xelmisawvdomobis                                                     qveynis samxedro                    kriminalis mdgomareobis gamosworeba
                               zrda                                                                                  siZlieris ganmtkiceba
                                  samoqalaqo uflebebis garantireba                                                   samoqalaqo uflebebis                  jandacvis sistemis xelmisawvdomobis
                                                                                                                         garantireba da                    zrda
                                                                                                                       jandacvis sistemis
                                                                                                                       xelmisawvdomoba
                                      politikuri stabilurobis garantireba                                                   kriminalis                      qveynis samxedro siZlieris ganmtkiceba
                                                                                                                         mdgomareobis
                                                                                                                          gamosworeba
                               qveynis samxedro siZlieris                                                                    socialuri                     ekologiuri mdgomareobis gaumjobeseba
                               ganmtkiceba                                                                               uTanasworobis                     da samoqalaqo uflebebis garantireba
                                                                                                                           Semcireba                       sityvis, rwmenis, Sekrebis Tavisufleba)
                                                                                                                                                           da kanonis uzenaesobis uzrunvelyofa


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 12
              emigrantebis ukan dabruneba         politikuri stabilurobis   socialuri uTanasworobis Semcireba da
                                                        garantireba         politikuri stabilurobis garantireba
                kriminalis mdgomareobis                 ekologiuri                emigrantebis ukan dabruneba
                     gamosworeba                     mdgomareobis
                                                      gaumjobeseba
                ekologiuri mdgomareobis              migraciis donis         migraciis donis Semcireba da eTnikur
                     gaumjobeseba                       Semcireba                jgufebs Soris urTierTobebis
                                                                                         gamosworeba
                          sxva                     emigrantebis ukan
                                                       dabruneba
          ltolvilTa da iZulebiT gadaadgilebulTa   eTnikur jgufebs Soris
               dabruneba TavianT saxlebSi            urTierTobebis
                                                     gamosworeba
          eTnikur jgufebs Soris urTierTobebis
                     gamosworeba
     qveynisaTvis yvelaze mniSvnelovan miznebad saqarTveloSi da somxeTSi gamokiTxulTa
      umravlesobisaTvis miCneulia siRatakis aRmofxvra da umuSevrobis donis Semcireba. es
      sakiTxebi mniSvnelovania aseve azerbaijanSi gamokiTxulTaTvis, mxolod qveynis teritorialuri
      mTlianobis aRdgenis problemis gadawyvetis Semdeg. yvelaze naklebmniSvnelovan sakiTxad
      samive regionis respondentebs miaCniaT eTnikur jgufebs Soris urTierTobebis gamosworeba da
      emigrantebis ukan dabruneba (azerbaijani, saqarTvelo) da ltolvilTa da iZulebiT gadaadgilebulTa
      dabruneba TavianT saxlebSi (somxeTi). SesaZloa, respondentebis azriT, es sakiTxebi
      gadauWrelia da Zalisxmevis daxarjva maTze zedmetia.
sxvadasxva qveynebTan TanamSromlobas rogorc ekonomikur ise politikur sferoSi regionebis
mixedviT respondentebi Semdegi ranJiriT aniWeben prioritets:
regioni         somxeTi                             azerbaijani                        saqarTvelo

                ruseTi                              ruseTi                             ruseTi
                aSS                                 TurqeTi                            aSS
                evrokavSiri                         aSS                                evrokavSiri
                irani                               evrokavSiri                        TurqeTi
                TurqeTi                             irani                               irani

        samive regionSi gamokiTxulebi upiratesoba ruseTTan urTierTobas aniWeben. saqarTvelosa da
         somxeTis respondentebisaTvis mniSvnelovania aSS-sTan da evrokavSirTan urTierTobac.
         azerbaijanisaTvis aseT magistralur qveyanas TurqeTi warmoadgens. erevanis respondentebi ki
         piriqiT, neitralurad an odnav uaryofiTad afaseben TurqeTTan TanamSromlobis ideas.
         TurqeTisaTvis, da miTumetes saqarTvelosTvis iranTan urTierTobis idea sakmaod negatiurad aris
         Sefasebuli.
zogadad, gamoitqvaa sxva qveynebTan urTierTobis survilic. esenia: iaponia, germania, saqarTvelo,
inglisi, safrangeTi, italia, saudis arabeTi, yazaxeTi, musulmanuri saxelmwifoebi; yvela, vinc
dagvexmareba, afrikis qveynebi, laTino-amerikis qveynebi, pakistani, egvipte, ukraina, dsT, sxva.

sxva kavkasiur saxelmwifoebTan TanamSromlobis mimarT damokidebuleba sakmaod
araerTgvarovania: somxeTTan ekonomikur sferoSi TanamSromlobas mxari dauWira Tbilisis
respondentTa 75.2%. baqos respondentTa 95.3% ki sruliad ewinaaRndegeba somxeTTan
TanamSromlobas. rac Seexeba politikur sferoSi TanamSromlobas, aqac msgavsi suraTia. Tbiliseli
respondentebis 73% Tanaxmaa iTanamSromlos somxeTTan, xolo baqoeli respodentebis 94,2% am azrs
ewinaaRmdegeba. azerbaijanTan ekonomikur sferoSi TanamSromlobas mxars uWers Tbilisis
respondentTa 79,1%. erevneli respodentebis mniSvnelovani nawilic (47,9%, aqedan 21,3% - srulad
uWers mxars da 26,6% - metnaklebad) iTanamSromlebda azerbaijanTan ekonomikuri sferoSi. erevanSi
gamokiTxulTa 1/3 (33%) ewinaaRmdegeba azerbaijanTan TanamSromlobas. daaxloebiT igive suraTia
azerbaijanTan politikur sferoSi TanamSromlobis sakiTxis ganxilvisas (mciredi procentuli gansxvavebiT,
Tumca ZiriTadi suraTi SenarCunebulia). rac Seexeba saqarTvelosTan TanamSromlobas, rogorc
ekonomikur, ise politikur sferoebSi (mciredi procentuli gansxvavebiTa da ZiriTadi suraTis
SenarCunebiT) erevanSi da baqoSi gamokiTxulTa umravlesobis (erevnidan 77,6%, aqedan 41,3% srulad

                                                                                                                    13
uWers mxars da 36.3% metnaklebad uWers mxars; baqodan ki 81,8% - aqedan 45,5% srulad uWers
mxars da 36.3% metnaklebad uWers mxars) azri emTxveva erTmaneTs saqarTvelosTan TanamSromlobis
sakiTxSi.
TiToeuli regionis natoSi gawevrianebis da TanamSromlobisadmi srul mzaobas yvelaze metad qarTuli
mxare gamoxatavs: TbilisSi gamokiTxulTa umravlesoba (84,5% - aqedan 65,3% sruliad da 19,2% met-
naklebad) mxars uWers saqarTvelos TanamSromlobas natosTan, xolo natoSi gawevrianebas, aseve
mniSvnelovani raodenoba (83,7% aqedan 66% sruliad da 17,7% met-naklebad) dadebiTad afasebs.
natosTan TanamSromlobas did mnSvnelobas aniWeben azerbaijaneli respodentebic. maTi mniSvnelovani
nawili(64,1% aqedan 38.7% sruliad da 25.4% met-naklebad) uWers mxars azerbaijanis TanamSromlobas
natosTan. igive SeiZleba iTqvas natoSi gawevrianebasTan dakavSirebiT. baqoeli respondentebis
mniSvnelovani nawili (62,1% aqedan 34.3%) mxars uWers am faqts. rac Seexeba erevnel respondentebs,
maT cota gansxvavebuli damokidebuleba aqvT natosTan mimarTebaSi. erevneli respodentebis
daaxlovebiT naxevarisTvis (49,1%, aqedan 25.2% sruliad da 23,9% met-naklebad) misaRebia somxeTis
TanamSromloba natosTan, SedarebiT naklebia gawevrianebas msurvelTa ricxvi (37,1%, aqedan 19,9%
sruliad da 17.2% met-naklebad) da arc Tu ise mcirea im adamianTa ricxvi (27,7%), romlebic cdiloben
sifrTxile gamoiCinon da uari Tqvan natoSi gawevrianebaze.

respodentebi tolerantulebi arian sxvadasxva eTnikuri jgufebis warmomadgenelTa Sefasebas. Tumca
erTgvari ranJiri mainc gamoikveTa.
                                     somxeTi                        azerbaijani                   saqarTvelo
jgufi                     pozit       neitr      negat      pozit     neitr       negat   pozit     neitr      negat
1. afxazi                 39.6        9.5        39.5       -         -           -       51.8      1.0.5      36.7
2. somexi                 96.5        0.9        1.9        -         -           -       53.6      8.6        37.4
3. asirieli               49.6        7          35.1       -         -           -       46.2      6          39.1
4.azerbaijaneli           20.6        53.4       23.2       98.7      0.4         0.6     53.9      5.6        39.1
5. qarTveli               50.7        19.5       27.5       -         -           -       94.6      0.5        4.6
6. berZeni                66.9        3.3        24.7       -         -           -       65.6      2.9        30.6
8. iraneli (66.4)         45.2        20.5       30.1       -         -           -       -         -          -
9. ebraeli (100)          41.6        19.4       32.2       42.4      7           45.7    61.4      4.6        32.7
11. qurTi                 35.1        20.5       38.8       -         -           -       51        8.7        38.7
12. lezgini(66.4)         26.3        10.3       38.4       -         -           -       -         -          -
13. osi                   27.7        9.7        37.7       -         -           -       51.4      8.4        38.2
14. rusi(100)             92.5        1.7        5.3        57.9      6.9         33.6    64.7      3.9        30.6
15. taliSi(66.4)          21.7        12.9       34.3       -         -           -       -         -          -
16. Turqi(66.4)           16.4        63.5       17         -         -           -       -         -          -
17. iezidi                57.9        8.8        30.4       -         -           -       49.7      6.7        39.9

         rogorc iyo mosalodneli samive regionis warmomadgenelma yvelaze pozitiurad sakuTari eris
          warmomadgenlebi daaxasiaTa. somexi respodentebis SemTxvevaSi aseTive popularobiT rusebic
          sargeblobdnen. miRebuli suraTis mixedviT gamoikveTa ranJiri:

regioni     somxeTi        azerbaijani         saqarTvelo




                                                                                                                 14
                         somexi          azerbaijaneli   qarTveli
                         rusi            rusi            berZeni
                         berZeni         ebraeli         rusi
                         iezidi                          ebraeli
                         qarTveli                        somexi
eTnikuri jgufebi




                         iraneli                         azerbaijaneli
                         aisori                          afxazi
                         ebraeli                         osi
                         afxazi                          qurTi
                         Turqi                           iezidi
                         azerbaijaneli                   aisori
                         qurTi
                         osi
                         leki
                         taliSi
saqarTveloSi Catarebuli kvleva, romlis Sedegad xdeboda sxvadasxva erovnebebis mimarT axalgazrdebis
damokidebulebebis gamovlena odnav sxvagvarad tardeboda, kerZod respondentebs unda daesaxelebinaT
ra erovnebis warmomadgenloba sisurvebdnenda ra erovnebis warbobadgenlobas ar isurvebdne, Semdeg
bogardusis modificirebuli meTodiT un da SeefasebinaT CamoTvlili erovnebebidan visTan
imegobrebdnen, imezoblemdnen, Seqmnidnen ojaxs da imuSavebdnen (ukanaskneli da CRRC-is anketis
es nawili msgavsi meTodologiiT tardeboda).
 aRsaniSnavia, rom respondentebis umravlesobis mier xazgasmulia qarTvelebTan, rogorc
                   privilegirebul erTan mikuTvnebulobis prioritetuloba. aseve, maTTvis ufro sasurvelia romelime
                   konkretuli evropuli qveynis warmomadgenloba, vidre mikuTvnebuloba evropelebTan an
                   amerikelebTan zogadad. ucxoeTis qveynis warmomadgenlad yofnis survili asocirdeba karg
                   cxovrebasTan. zogierTi respondenti gamoTqvams gansazRvruli konfesiuri mikuTvnebulobis survils.
                   mamrobiTi sqesis mopasuxeebi upiratesobas aniWeben qristianobasa da kaTolikobas. agereTve,
                   zogadad, respondentebi gamoTqvamen survils iyvnen somexi an rusi erovnebis warmomadgenlebi.
                   unda aRiniSnos, rom mamrobiTi sqesis mopasuxeebi isurvebdnen italielobas an espanelobas. rac
                   Seexeba mdedroiTi sqess maTTvis sasurvelia amerikeli, berZeni da germaneli eri.
 raionSi gamokiTxulebisaTvis aseve aqtualuria iyvnen rusi erovnebis warmomadgenlebi. Tbiliseli
                   respondentebi ki upiratesobas aniWeben italielobas.
 qarTvelebisaTvis prioritetulia italieloba, frangoba da amerikeloba. amave konteqstSi isini aseve
                   gamoTqvamdnen qristianad yofnis survils. azerbaijanel da somex gamokiTxulTa umravlesobisaTvis
                   nacionalurobas ara aqvs aranairi mniSvneloba. Tumca aRniSnuli respondentebis nawils ar surs
                   erovnebis Secvla, nawili ki isurvebda yofiliyo rusi. gamokiTxuli somexi erovnebis warmomadgenlebi
                   gamoTqvamen kaTolikebad yofnis survils. aRsaniSnavia, rom arc erTxel ar daasaxelda ebraeli,
                   germaneli da arabi.
 somxebTan mikuTvnebas ar isurvebdnen, gansakuTrebiT qarTveli da azerbaijaneli erovnebis
                   warmomadgenlebi. gamokiTxuli qarTvelebi da somxebi uars amboben iyvnen Turqi, musulmani,
                   azerbaijaneli da TaTari. azerbaijanlebisa da somxebisaTvis miuRebelia zangebTan mikuTvneba.
                   mravalricxvovani pasuxebidan TvalSisacemia azerbaijanelebis uari iyvnen svani. qarTvelebi uars

                                                                                                                    15
   amboben osebTan mikuTvnebaze. Tumca, respondentTa mniSvnelovani nawili miuTiTebs, rom
   erovnebas ara aqvs aranairi mniSvneloba da rom cudi da kargi eri ar arsebobs, arseboben cudi da
   kargi adamianebi.
 igive suraTi, rac iyo miRebuli saerTo SerCevaSi, gamovlinda sqesis mixedviT monacemTa analiziT.
   Tumca SeiniSneba garkveuli gansxvavebebi: mdedrobiTi sqesis respondentebisaTvis
   warmoudgenelia iyvnen azerbaijaneli an `cigani~, mamrobiTi sqesis mopasuxeebisTvis ki ufro
   miuReblia iyvnen zangi da afrikeli.
 Tbiliseli respondentebi (romlebSic moiazreba araqarTveli) neitralur damokidebulebas amJRavneben
   musulmanobasTan mikuTvnebis mimarT, Tumca negatiur tendencias gamoxaTaven Cineli, rusi da
   qarTveli erovnebis warmomadgengenlobaze. arasasurvelia maTTvis iyvnen `cigani~. raioneli
   respodentebisaTvis warmoudgenelia zangTan, svanTan da osTan.
 ojaxis Seqmnas respondentebis umravlesoba isurvebda sakuTari erovnebis warmomadgenelTan.
   Sesabamisad, pirvel sam adgilze moxvdnen Cvens mier SerCeuli sami erovnebis warmomadgenlebi.
   Tumca qarTvelebi pirvel adgilze aRmoCndemnen. iSviaTad aRiniSneba, rom erovnebas ara aqvs
   mniSvneloba (ZiriTadad am azrs iziareben somexi da azerbaijaneli respondentebi), vinaidan
   gadamwyveti aq intimuri faqtoria. qarTvelebi Seqmnidnen ojaxs evropelebTan. gamokiTxulTa
   umravlesoba ar isurvebda ojaxis Seqmnas im adamianTan, romelic aris erovnebiT: somexi (qarTveli
   da azerbaijaneli respondentebi), azerbaijaneli (qarTveli da somexi respondentebi), ebraeli da rusi.
 rac Seexeba partniors dasvenebaSi, respondentebi qarTvelis Semdeg asaxeleben rusebs da
   amerikelebs da Semdeg somexi da azerbaijaneli erovnebis warmomadgenlebs. zogierTi mopasuxe
   (gansakuTrebiT mamrobiTi sqesis) upiratesobas aniWebs rusTan mogzaurobas garTobis mizniT.
   gamokiTxulTa meoTxedi aRniSnavs, rom dasvenebisas erovnebas ara aqvs aranairi mniSvneloba.
   respondentTa nawilma daasaxela erovnebebi, romlis warmomadgenlebTanac ar isurvebdnen
   mogzaurobas, kerZod: somexi (qarTveli da azerbaijaneli mopasuxeebi), azerbaijanlebi (qarTveli da
   somexi respondentebi), ebraelebi, germanelebi da rusebi. unda aRiniSnos, rom rusebis mimarT,
   ZiriTadad, gamoixateba ambivalenturi damokidebuleba. (Tumca gansakuTrebiT dadebiT
   damokidebulebas maT mimarT mamrobiTi sqesis respondentebi gamoxataven).
 SesaZloa imis gamo, rom megobroba moiTxovs ufro xangZliv urTierTdamokidebulebebs,
   gamokiTxulTa umravlesoba, pirvel rigSi, upiratesobas aniWebs sakuTari erovnebis
   warmomadgenlebs, Tumca amavdroulad aRiniSnavs, rom erovnebas ara aqvs mniSvneloba megobris
   arCevisas. mocemul konteqstSi prioritetuli aRmoCnda rusebTan da evropelebTan urTierToba.
   mdedrobiTi da mamrobiTi sqesis respondentTa pasuxebi TiTqmis ar gansxvavdeba erTmaneTisgan.
 saerTo SerCevis monacemTa mixedviT, TanamSromlobis niSnis TvalsazrisiT yvelaze sasurveli da
   privilegirebulni aRmoCndnen qarTvelebi. upiratesoba eniWebaT aseve amerikelebsa da
   germanelebs. gansakuTrebiT mdedrobiTi sqesis respondentebi, romlebic mamrobiTi sqesis

                                                                                                         16
              gamokiTxulTagan gansxvavebiT privilegias aniWebdnen aRniSnul erovnebebs somxebTan da
              azerbaijanlebTan SedarebiT. rogorc zemoTaRniSnul SemTxvevaSi, aqac aseve respondentTa
              umravlesoba aRniSnavda, rom TanamSromlobaSi erovnebas ara aqvs mniSvneloba _ `mTavaria iyos
              samuSao~.
 respondentTa mesamedisaTvis erovnebas aranairi mniSvneloba ara aqvs iseT damokidebulebebSi,
              rogoricaa megobroba da TanamSromloba. im pasuxebSi, sadac dasaxelebuli iyo erovnebebi visTanac
              ar isurvebdnen megobrobas da TanamSromlobas prevalireben erovnebebi, romlebic
              pirovnebaTSorisi urTierTobebis adre dasaxelebuli formebis ganxilvisas yvelaze xSirad figurirebdnen.
             unda aRiniSnos, rom respondentebi anketaSi miTiTebuli erovnebebis garda sxva erovnebebsac
              asaxeleben. Tumca, bogardusis meTods xSirad akritikeben misi saSualebiT gamovlenili suraTis
              tendenciurobisaTvis. miuxedavad amisa, aRniSnuli meTodi saSualebas iZleva gamovavlinoT
              siRrmiseuli dispoziciebi. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi respondentebi ar daasaxelebdnen erovnebebs,
              romlebic ar iyo CamoTvlili anketaSi da amorCeviT ar miuTiTebdnen, rom erovnebas ara aqvs
              aranairi mniSvneloba gansazRvruli formis pirovnebaTSoris damokidebulebeSi.
socialuri institutebis mimarT respondentebi ndobas Semdegnairad gamoxataven:
               somxeTi                            azerbaijani                           saqarTvelo
               jari                               prezidenti                            prezidenti
               religiuri institutebi              jari                                  jari
               ganaTlebis sistema                 masmedia                              masmedia
               sabazro ekonomika (biznesi)        ganaTlebis sistema                    religiuri institutebi
               masmedia                           sabazro ekonomika (biznesi)           parlamenti
institutebi




               jandacvis sistema                  premier ministri, ministrebi          sabazro ekonomika (biznesi)
               prezidenti                         policia                               uflebaTa damcveli
               adgilobrivi arasamTavrobo          jandacvis sistema                     organizaciebi/ombucmeni
               organizaciebi                      sasamarTlo/iusticia                   premier ministri, ministrebi
               uflebaTa damcveli                  religiuri institutebi                 ganaTlebis sistema
               organizaciebi/ombucmeni            parlamenti                            jandacvis sistema
socialuri




               policia                            uflebaTa damcveli                     sasamarTlo/iusticia
               premier ministri, ministrebi       organizaciebi/ombucmeni adgilobrivi   adgilobrivi arasamTavrobo
               sasamarTlo/iusticia                arasamTavrobo organizaciebi           organizaciebi
               politikuri partiebi                politikuri partiebi                   policia
               parlamenti                                                               politikuri partiebi




3 dawesebuleba, romelic yvelaze efeqturad moRvaweobs, regionebis mixedviT Semdegi suraTi miviReT:
regioni                   somxeTi                              azerbaijani                    saqarTvelo

sami                      jari                                 prezidenti                     prezidenti
dawesebuleba              religiuri institutebi                jari                           jari
efeqturad                 ganaTlebis sistema                   masmedia                       masmedia
momuSeve


saerTaSoriso organizaciis Sesaxeb arsebuli informacia:
regioni                   somxeTi                              azerbaijani                    saqarTvelo




                                                                                                                       17
saerTaSoriso       evropis rekonstruqciisa da        evropis rekonstruqciisa da           evropis rekonstruqciisa da
organizaciebi      ganviTarebis banki                ganviTarebis banki                   ganviTarebis banki
                   saerTaSoriso savaluto fondi       aSS-s saerTaSoriso                   aSS-s saerTaSoriso
                   aSS-s saerTaSoriso ganviTarebis   ganviTarebis saagento                ganviTarebis saagento
                   saagento                          saerTaSoriso savaluto fondi          evraziis fondi
                   evraziis fondi                    evraziis fondi                       gaeros saagentoebi
                   euTo                              msoflio banki
                   msoflio banki                     dsT
                   evrosabWo                         euTo
                   dsT                               wiTeli jvari
                   gaeros saagentoebi                evrosabWo
                   wiTeli jvari                      gaeros saagentoebi



erevneli da baqoelebi ufro gaTviTcnobierebulebi arian saerTaSoriso organizaciebSi, vidre Tbiliselebi.
amasTanave, samive regionisaTvis evropis rekonstruqciisa da ganviTarebis banki gamoirCeva mis irgvliv
arsebuli informaciis TvalsazrisiT. arcTu umnviSvnelo poziciazea cnobadobis TvalsazrisiT aSS-s
saerTaSoriso ganviTarebis saagento. rac Seexeba evraziis fonds, mis Sesaxeb informacias SedarebiT
ufro Tbiliselebi floben, vidre baqosa da erevenSi gamokiTxulebi.
 gamokiTxulTa umravlesoba samive regionidan uaryofs raime politikuri partiis wevrobas
           somxeTi          azerbaij       saqarTvelo
diax            2.6                6.2               4.5
ara          97.3            92.5           94.4
xolo is respondentebi, romlebic gaerTianebulni arian sxvadasxva partiebSi daasaxeles politikuri partiebi:
           somxeTi                                    azerbaij      saqarTvelo
partiebi    Orinats Yerki (samarTlis qveyana)                axali                 nacionalebi
            HZHK(somxeTis demokratiuli partia)               azerbaijanuli         leiboristebi
            komunisturi partia                               partia(YAP)           mewarmeebi
            ARF(somxeTis revoluciuri federacia               AMIP                  axali memarjveneebi
            Dashnakthutyun)                                  MUSAVAT               burjanaZe demokratebi
            ZHK(demokratiuli partia)                         ISLAM                 komunistebi
             Ardarutyun(Justice Bloc)                        KOMMUNIST             qristian-demokratebi
            AZhM (nacionalur demokratiuli kavSiri)           ABP                   lemi
            National Unity                                   KP                    gaerTianeba
            Nor Zhahanakner (axali droeba)                                         tradicionalistebi
            Hanrapetakan (respublikelebi)                                          gaerTianebuli demokratebi
            HZhAM (somxeTis demokratiul liberaluri                                 invalidTa asociacia-eris tkivili
            kavSiri)                                                               kostavas sazogadoeba
            Arzhanapativ Apaga (ukeTesi momavali)                                  zviad gamsaxurdias partia
                                                                                   koko gamsaxurdias partia

adgilobrivi arasamTavrobo organizaciis wevrebi samive regonidan mxolod erTeulebi aRmoCndnen

regioni            somxeTi                           azerbaijani                          saqarTvelo

ara                98.1                              97.1                                 98.6


religiur aRmsareblobasTan dakavSirebiT yvelaze mravalferovani religiuri mikuTvnebulobis mqone
TbilisSi gamokiTxulebi aRmoCndnen, wamyvani aq marTlmadidebluri sarwmunoebaa (90,4%).
sarwmunoebrivi mikuTvnebulobis farTo speqtriT TbilisSi gamokiTxulebs odnav CamorCebian erevanSi
gamokiTxulebi, Tumca Tbilisisgan gansxvavebiT aq grigoreanuli aRmsareblobis mimdevaria 87%.
TiTqmis erTpirovnuli religiuri aRmsareblobiT (92,8%) gamoirCevian baqoeli respondentebi.
                                                                   somxeTi              azerbaijani          saqarTvelo
           marTlmadideblur qristianul eklesias                       1.7                    4.4                 90.4


                                                                                                                          18
        kaTolikur eklesias                                                0.3                   0.5              0.5
        somxur eklesias                                                   87                                     4.3
        islams                                                            0.2                   92.8             0.7
        ieRovas mowme                                                     0.6                                     1
        evangelikur eklesias                                              0.3                                    0.3
        iudaizms                                                                                0.2              0.3
        baptisturs                                                                                               0.1
        molokanurs                                                        0.3
        sxvas                                                             0.4
        mzisTayvanismcemeli                                                                                      0.4
        iezidi                                                                                                   0.1
        qristianuli daoisti                                                                                      0.1
        arcerTs                                                           8.9                      2             1.8
        miWirs pasuxi                                                     0.5


religiur msaxurebis daswrebis TvalsazrisiT ki suraTi icvleba. sxva jgufebTan SedarebiT yvelaze xSirad
(10%) religiur msaxurebas eswrebian azerbaijanelebi da aseve pirvel adgils (46,3%)ikaveben maT Soris
vinc saerTod ar dadis religiur msaxurebaze. erevanSi mcxovrebi respondentebi ZiriTadad (65,3%)
eklesiaSi drodadro dadian. igive SeiZleba iTqvas qarTvelebzec (54,7%), Tumca maTi religiur
msaxurebaze daswrebis sixSire Semdegia - kviraSi erTxel an TveSi erTxel (14,3% - 14,7%).

sxvadasxva religiuri aRmsareblobis warmomadgenlebis mimarT damokidebulebas respondentebi
Semdegnaidri prioritetiT gamoxataven:
        somxeTi                       azerbaijani            saqarTvelo
        grigoreaneli              islamis mimdevar        marTlmadidebeli
        marTlmadidebeli           marTlmadidebeli             kaTolike
        kaTolike                       kaTolike             grigoreaneli
        islamis mimdevar               iudaizmi                islamis
                                                             mimdevar
        iudaizmi                                              iudaizmi
        baptisti                                             evangelisti
        evangelisti                                            baptisti
        ieRovas mowme                                     ieRovas mowme
aRsaniSnavia, rom ieRovas mowmis mimdevrebi ukduresad uaryofiTad arian Sefasebulni qarTveli da
somexi respondentebis mier (gansakuTrebiT erevanSi macxovreblebis mier). amasTanave, saqarTveloSi
mcxovrebi respondentebi uaRresad dadebiTad afaseben mxolod marlTmadidebluri sarwmunoebis
mimdevrebs, danarCenebs ki saSualo an saSualoze nakleb Sefasebas aZleven. somxeTSi macxovrebeli
respondentebi daaxloebiT Tanabrad dadebiTad afaseben grigoreanul, marTlmadideblur da kaTolikuri
religiis mimdevrebs, danarCenebs ki ZiriTadad saSualo an saSualoze nakleb Sefasebas aZleven. rac
Seexeba azerbaijanSi mcxovrebT, isini ukiduresad dadebiTad mxolod islamis momxreebs axasiaTeben.

ojaxis Semosavlebis, xarjebis Sesaxeb SedadrebiT informirebulebi qarTvelebi, somxebi da bolos
azerbaijanlebi aRmiCndnen.

            somxeTi            azerbaijani         saqarTvelo
              80.6                73.1                86.5

fufunebis sagnebis CamonaTvalSi qarTvelebi yvelaze SeZlebulebi aRmoCndnen, vinaidan maT sxva
regionis warmomadgenlebTan SedarebiT materialuri komfortis ganmsazRvreli sagnebi procentuli
TvalsazrisiT yvelaze gamokveTilad aqvT, xolo SedarebiT yvelaze aRmoCnda, xelmomWirned rom
azerbaijanlebi cxovroben.
                                               somxeTi             azerbaijani              saqarTvelo

               dasaxeleba                1. diax     2. ara     1. diax         2. ara   1. diax        2. ara


1    sakuTari bina                      75.5       24.5         73.5       25.7          73.6          26.4

                                                                                                                       19
2     sakuTari saxli                      20.7       79.3      28.3          70.9    30.5        69.5
3     agaraki                             8.5        91.5      5.6           94      30.4        69.6
4     manqana                             25.5       74.5      19.7          80.1    28.6        71.4
5     kompiuteri                          15.1       84.9      5.8           93.5    14.2        85.8
6     telefoni                            86.1       13.9      75.8          23.9    79.3        20.7
7     mobiluri telefoni                   21.6       78.4      48.3          51.5    51.4        48.6
8     televizori/video                    93.5       6.5       75.1          24.8    94.1        5.9
9     sarecxi manqana                     20.1       79.9      23.1          76.8    62.5        37.5
10    internetiT sargeblobis saSualeba    7.5        92.5      2.1           97.8    12.2        87.8
11    videokamera                         7.4        92.6      4             95.8    8.3         91.7
12    centraluri/ adgilobrivi gaTbobis    6.2        93.8      9.6           89.9    13          87
      sistema
13    satelituri antena                   2.7        97.3      5.2           94.4    3           97
14    kondicioneri                        4.7        95.3      32            67.7    10.9        89.1
15    mokletalRovani eleqtroRumeli        9.7        90.3      18.6          81.1    20          80
16    kabeluri televizia                  1.3        98.7      3             96.5    40.9        59.1
ukanaskneli Tvis ganmavlobaSi ojaxis finansuri Semosavlebis mTavari wyaros miTiTebisas
gamoikveTa 4-4 prioritetuli saSemosavlo wyaro TiToeuli regionisaTvis, es aris pirvel rigSi, rac saerToa
saive regionisaTvis da aseve specifiuri, regionisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli Semosavlis wyaroc.
                    somxeTi                                  azerbaijani                       saqarTvelo
xelfasi ZiriTadi samuSao adgilidan                xelfasi ZiriTadi samuSao          xelfasi ZiriTadi samuSao
pensia                                            adgilidan                         adgilidan
naTesavebi/megobrebis finansuri daxmareba         pensia                            pensia
Semosavlebi biznesidan                            SemTxveviTi dakveTa               Semosavlebi biznesidan
                                                  naTesavebi/megobrebis             naTesavebi/megobrebis
                                                  finansuri daxmareba               finansuri daxmareb
saSualod, ojaxis Semosavali samive regionisaTvis Seadgens 166,44
im faqtis gaTvaliswinebiT, Tu ramdens xarjavs ojaxi saSualod erTi Tvis ganmavlobaSi sxvadasxva
aqtivobebisTvis, gamoikveTa, rom aqac cifrobrivad yvelaze mets xarjaven saqarTveloSi macxovrebeli
respondentebi da yvelaze naklebs azerbaijanSi mcxovrebni.
                                                 somxeTi          azerbaijani       saqarTvelo
       xarjebi                                                 saSualo Tanxa
 1     ganaTleba                                 36.23            11.99             53.31
 2     janmrTeloba                               25.33            12.43             42.36
 3     komunaluri momsaxureba                    28.55            14.05             38.54
 4     sakvebi                                   95.2             84.44             99.11
 5     binis qira (naqiravebis CaTvliT)          59               9.02              42.79
 6     tansacmeli                                45.17            25.65             58.25
 7     ZiZa/Sinamosamsaxure/mZRoli               75.08            5.80              44.9
 8     dasveneba                                 60.03            11.08             85.82
 9     Tavisufali dro/garToba                    33.22            8.94              49.14
 10    transporti                                25.83            17.66             43.6
 11    mobiluris xarjebi                         33.03            11.72             35.72
 12    sxva                                      22.75            13
gansakuTrebiT, gamorCeulad bevrs xarjaven Tbiliseli respondentebi dasvenebaSi, ganaTlebaSi,
janmrTelobaSi, tansacmelsa da transportSi. erevneli respondentebi sxva regionebTan SedarebiT bevrs
xarjaven ZiZis, Sinamosamsaxuris an mZRolis Senaxvaze da binis qiraSi. sakuTar TanxebTan SedarebiT
Zalian bevrs xarjaven baqoSi mcxovrebni sakvebSi.

ojaxis amJamindel ekonomiur mdgomareobas Seafasebisas respodentebis umravlesoba samive
regionidan afasebs, rogorc saSualoze odnav cuds (saSualo (49,7%) cudi (30,7%)). SedarebiT pozitiurad
sakuTar ekonomiur mdgomareobas azerbaijanelebi axasiaTeben. maSin, rodesac materialuri
keTildReobis sagnebis CamonaTvalSi azerbaijanlebi gamoirCeodnen xelmomWirneobiT xarjebis siaSic
yvelaze naklebs swored azerbaijanlebi xarjavdnen, Tumca samive regionis warmomadgenlebs Tanabari
Semosavali aqvT. azerbaijanlebis umravlesoba (54,4%) Tavis mdgomareobas axasiaTebs rogorc saSualo
SesaZleblebis mqones. igive Sefasebas aZleven Tavis mdgomareobas respondentebi erevanidan da
Tbilisidan, Tumca naklebi procentuli maCveneblebiT (somxeTi 45,6%, saqarTvelo 49,2%). marTalia,

                                                                                                               20
baqoeli respondentebis Zalian mcire nawili (6%) axasiaTebs Tavis ekonomiur mdgomareobas, rogorc
Zalian cuds, am respondentebis ricxvi daaxlovebiT 2-3jer CamorCeba Tbiliseli da erevneli
respondentebis ricxvs. (somxeTi 18,6%, saqarTvelo 15,6%)

sakuTar ekonomiur mdgomareobaze saubrisas regionis masStabiT gamokiTxulebis SexedulebiT maTi
ojaxis ekonomikuri mdgomareoba imasTan SedarebiT rac iyo 3 wlis win ar Secvlila (36,8%)/ an mcired
gaumjobesda (25,9%). aseve ar Secvlila maTi ojaxis ekonomikuri mdgomareoba (49,5%) bolo 1 wlis
winandel mdgomareobasTan SedarebiT.
Tumca mciredi optimisturi ganwyobileba maT pasuxebSi mainc SeiniSneba, vinaidan respondentebis
TiTqmis mesamedze meti (35,1%) mTeli regionis masStabiT Tvlis, rom maTi ekonomikuri
mdgomareoba mcired gaumjobesdeba 1 wlis Semdeg, Tumca daaxloebiT respondentTa igive raodenoba
(33,4%) miiCnevs, rom araferi ar Seicvleba. aseve mciredi optimizmi Cans maT prognozTan 3
weliwadTan dakavSirebiT, sadac respondentebi miiCneven, rom maTi ekonomikuri mdgomareoba
mcired gaumjobesdeba (33,4%)/ an ar Seicvleba (23,3%).
calkeuli regionebis mixedviT sakuTr ekonomiuri mdgomareobis prognozs yvelaze optimisturad
respondentebi saqarTvelodan gamoxataven da SedarebiT pesimisturad am sakiTxs somxeTSi
gamokiTxulebi udgebian.
kerZod: qarTveli respondentebis naxevarze meti (56%) miiCnevs, rom maTi ekonomikuri mdgomareoba
mcired gaumjobesdeba 1 wlis Semdeg, xolo gamokiTxulTa TiTqmis 1/3 miiCnevs (26,6%) rom araferi ar
Seicvleba. igive sakiTxTan mimarTebaSi sakmaod gansxvavebulia baqoeli respondentebis
damokidebuleba (30,3% odnav gaumjobesdeba da 46,6% igive darCeba). somexi respodentebis
damokidebuleba kidev ufro pesimisturia saqarTveloSi gamokiTxulebTan SedarebiT. kerZod, mxolod
gamokiTxulTa mcire nawili (19,3%) miiCnevs rom mdgomareoba gamoswordeba da 1/3 Tvlis (26,6%)
rom yvelaferi igive darCeba.
 daaxloebiT igive suraTia 3 wlis prognozTan dakavSirebiT, oRond kidev ufro mkafiod Cans
zemoTaRniSnuli suraTi. kerZod: qarTveli respondentebis 52,5% miiCnevs, rom maTi ekonomikuri
mdgomareoba mcired gaumjobesdeba 1 wlis Semdeg, xolo gamokiTxulTa 16,5% rom araferi ar
Seicvleba. igive sakiTxTan mimarTebaSi baqoeli respondentebis damokidebulebaa – 31,5% odnav
gaumjobesdeba da 39,2% igive darCeba. somexi respodentebis azriT ki - 16,7% mdgomareoba odnav
gamoswordeba da 49,8% miWirs pasuxis gacema.

samive regionis warmomadgenelTagan umravlesobam sakuTari ojaxi sazogadoebis saSualo da saSualoze
dabal fenas miakuTvnes. kerZod, erevneli respondentebis 48,9%-ma, baqoeli respondentebis 50,6% da
Tbiliseli respondentebis 57,9% sakuTari ojaxi sazogadoebis saSualo fenas miakuTvnes. saSualoze dabal
fenas ki erevneli respondentebis 31,5%-ma, baqoeli respondentebis 29,1% da Tbiliseli respondentebis
31,2%

im SemTxvevaSi, Tu gamokiTxulTa qveyanaSi (saqarTvelo-somxeTi-azerbaijani) socialur-ekonomikuri
mdgomareoba ar gaumjobesda Semdegi 3 wlis ganmavlobaSi, samive regionSi gamokiTxulTa 1/3-s
(30.5%) gauWirdeba raimes moqmedeba, respondentTa daaxloebiT igive raodenoba ki (23.5%) ufro
gamosadeq profesias SearCevs. ukiduresad uaryofiTad afasebs respondentTa umravlesoba (64.3%)
migracias qveynis farglebSi an emigrirebas qveynidan (50.9%)

saqarTvelosaTvis mniSvnelovania rogorc Sidapolitikuri problemebis mogvareba, aseve efeqturi sagareo
politikis warmarTva, rogoric aris somxeTTan da azerbaijanTan mWidro politikuri, ekonomikuri da
kulturuli urTierTobis damyareba. vinaidan, es sami saxelmwifo marTalia erT kavkasiur sivrceSi
imyofeba, magram amasTanave politikurad urTierTgaucxoebulia erTmaneTTan, mag. somxeTi da
saqarTvelo. rac Seexeba Aazerbaijansa da somxeTs es ori mxare urTierTdapirispirebulia.



                                                                                                  21
Tavis mxriv, rogorc azerbaijanisaTvis, aseve somxeTisTvis, saqarTvelosTan axlo urTierToba mravali
problemis mogvarebis winapirobaa, rogorc ekonomikuri TvalsazrisiT, aseve somxeT-azerbaijanis
politikuri problemebis daregulirebaSi. saqarTvelo SeiZleba gamovides rogorc gamaSualebeli rgoli.
SedarebiT perspeqtiulad SeiZleba daxasiaTdes azerbaijan - saqarTvelos urTierToba. ekonomikuri
TvalsazrisiT, baqo-jeihanis proeqtma kidev ufro daakavSira es ori saxelmwifo.
rac Seexeba somxeT-saqarTvelos urTierTobas, am ori saxelmwifos TanamSromloba saqarTvelosaTvis
mniSvnelovania afxazeTis problemis mogvarebis sakiTxSi, xolo somxeTisaTvis ekonomiuri
TvalsazrisiT.
Tavis mxriv, saqarTvelos Sidasaxelmwifoebrivi swori politikis warmarTva aq kompaqturad dasaxlebuli
somexi da azerbaijaneli erovnebis warmomadgenelTa sazogadoebrivi integraciis mizniT, SeiZleba iqces
ufro masStaburi RonisZiebis winapirobad. erT sivrceSi mcxovrebi, magram erTmaneTTan gaucxovebuli
eTnosebis mSvidobiani Tanacxovrebis magaliTi SeiZleba gamoyenebuli iqnas eTnikuri niSnis
nivelirebisaTvis, ise rom somxeT-azerbaijanis urTierTdapirispirebaSi eTnikuroba umniSvnelo an
Tavsmoxveul fenomens warmoadgens.


yvela zemoTCamoTvlili problemebis gaTvaliswinebiT mizanSewonilad miviCnieT msgavsi klevis
Catareba saqarTveloSi mcxovreb somex, qarTvel da azerbaijanel axalgazrdebTan, qvemo qarTlisa da
samcxe-javaxeTis regionebidan. fokus jgufebSi siRmiseulad ganixileba regionaluri raodenobrivi kvlevis
aqtualuri sakiTxebi


                      fokus jufebiT miRebuli masalis ganxilva da analizi

gariyuloba jgufSi an situaciaSi
yvela jgufis TiTqmis yvela monawileTagan gandevna arasodesar ugrZvniaA aravis.
gariyuloba raime niSnis mixedviT ar dasaxelda axalqalaqis jgufSi arc erTxel. ninowmindas jgufSi -
dasawyisSi, rodesac CamovediT, daasaxeles gariyva qarTul enovan garemoSi, sadac ver axerxeben
sakuTari Tavis gamoxatvas.
ramdenimem gandevna erovnuli niSnis mixedviT Seafasa.
bolnisis I da II jgufebidan erovnebiT somexi Tavs gaucxoebulad grZnobda koncertze, erovnebiT rus
mezoblebSi (I banaki). `patriotis banakebSi~ somexi qarTvelebis, kerZod svanebis garemocvaSi (II
banaki), aseve Sereul jgufSi dasaxelda igive banaki patrioti,sadac ucxod mxolod I dRes igrZnes Tavi. da
ucxo garemoSi.
marneulidan iyo aseve erTeuli SemTxveva, rodesac gaucxoebulad igrZnes Tavi ruseTSi - CernopovecSi,
misi azriT, vinaidan kavkasielia, ruseTSi ar uyvarT. marneulis II jgufSi ki piriqiT Tvlan, rom TviTon
admianis brali unda iyos, rom jgufSi gariyulad igrZnos Tavi.

                                                                                                    22
Sereul jgufSi (bolnisi, marneuli, axalcixe): bolniseli qarTvelebi aRniSnaven: `arc mivcem gariyvis
uflebas...Cemi kera aris da iq var dabadebuli, maspinZlebad grZnoben bolnisis soflebSi Tavs.~
bolniselebi Civian somxebisa da azerbaijanlebis mxridan qarTuli kulturul-istoriuli saganZuris
miTvisebaze, mag. bolnisis sioni, SoTa rusTaveli. bolniseli warmomadgenlis azriT: bolnisSi
dapirispirebas azerbaijanelebs da qarTvelebs Soris aqvs adgili, magram aq bevri maTgani (azerbaijaneli)
adgilobrivad ar cxovrobs. erTi seriozuli problema dasaxelda, eklesiasTan Tamaris cixeze TaTrebma Roris
Tavi da ZaRlis fexebi Camohkides, riTac qristianul salocavs Seuracxyofa miayenes. aseve aRniSnes, rom
Tamaris cixeSi laSqrobisas da azerbaijanelebma ar SeuSves - `es Cveni teritoriaao, praqtikulad imaT
ekuTvniT da TavianTad miaCniaT~.
marneulelebis azriT SoTa rusTavels narimani gautoles da maTi Zeglebi gverdigverd da dges. imave
Sereuli jgufis warmomadgenelma marneulidan aRniSna: miwebi marneulSi da mTlianad qvemo
qarTlisken ijariT aris gacemuli. axla parlamenti ixilavs sakiTxs am miwebis kerZo mflobelobaSi
gadasvlis Sesaxeb da Tu damtkicda, es kanoni, praqtikulad dakarguli iqneba mTeli qvemo qarTli,
vinaidan miwebi ijariT azerbaijanelebs aqvT aRebuli mTlianad.
axalcixis raionSi, dapirispireba somxebsa da qarTvelebs Soris monawileTa azriT ar aris. Tumca erT
erTma monawilem aRniSna, rom nanaxi aqvs somexebis mier kompiuteriT gakeTebuli somxeTis
respublikis ruka, sadac axalqalaqi, axalcixis CaTvliT moqceulia somxeTis respublikaSi.
axalcixe - `CvenTanac iyo problema erTxel undodaT Turqi mesxebis Camosaxleba, albaT gecodinebaT...
rogor SeiZleba maTi dabrunebaze fiqric ki.~, Tumca aqve iTvaliswineben evrosabWos moTxovnasac -
`evrosabWos moTxovnebSi aris es rom Sesruldes 2012 wlamde~ da vinidan `maincdamainc unda
Camosaxldnen kompaqturad nu dasaxldebian Tu Camoasaxlebian ukidures SemTxvevaSi, unda
mimofanton qarTul mosaxleobaSi an cota iseT adgilebSi sadac, magaliTad, dasavleT saqarTvelo
naklebad Wrelia. Cveni qveyanaa wavidnen, dagvanebon Tavi am qarTvelebs da icxovron sadac...~
Sereuli jgufis monawileTa azriT `SeiZleba iTqvas, qarTvelebi zedmetad gulTbili maspinZlebi varT
sakuTar qveyanaSi da yvelaferi rac gvWirs Cveni bralia. anu ara mgonia romelime qarTveli iyos ise
azerbaijanSi, rogorc azerbaijanelia saqarTveloSi~. dasaxelda SemTxveva: `sofelSi, azerbaijanel
mezobelTan qorwilSi xalxi zizRiT gviyurebda qarTvelebs. Semdeg SekamaTeba mouvidaT~.
aqve aRiniSneboda, rom yvelaferi es masStaburi ar aris. arian azerbaijanlebi, romlebic daibadnen da
gavizardnen azerbaijanSi magram amboben Cemi samSoblo saqarTvelo ariso. azerbaijanelebis garkveul
nawils qristianoba ara aqvT miRebuli, Tumca dadian eklesiaSi da loculoben mama zenonTan dmanisSi.
analogiuri situaciaa bolnisis sionSi da Tamaris cixeze marneulSi. Tumca col-qmari, azerbaijanelebi cemes
imis gamo, rom jer moinaTlnen da mere qarTulad daiweres jvari. iZulebuliebi gaxnen daetovebinaT
sacxovrebeli.
Sereuli jgufis monawileTa azriT unda daiwyos saqarTveloSi azerbaijanelebis, somxebis da yvelanairi
ucxo qveynidan Camosulebis gaqarTveleba. rogorc fereidanel qarTvels an kaxSi macxovreblebs, an

                                                                                                     23
Tundac espaneTSi macxovrebel qarTul diasporas ar uxsnian qarTul skolas da TiToeuli moqalaqe
swavlobs saxelmwifo enas, swored igive moTxovnas uyeneben jgufis monawileebi saqarTveloSi
macxovrebel araqarTvel mosaxleobas: `ratom swavloben CvenTan saurTierTobod rusul enas da ratom ar
swavloben qarTuls?! aRar aris sabWoTa kavSiri. es aris damoukidebeli qveyana. isini cxovroben Cvens
qveyanaSi da aucileblad unda icodnen qarTuli~
qarTuli enis ucodinrobas ki kompaqturad dasaxlebas abraleben - `erTad rom cxovroben imitom ician
TavianTi ena Torem gafantulad rom daasaxleb am azerbaijanelebs, miTumetes kargic iqneba es. qarTvel
glexs miecema saSualeba rom kai miwaze da kai sarwyavis pirobebSi imuSaos kargad moiyvanos
kartofili da kargad acxovros ojaxi. bolnisSi meCeTis gaxsnac undodaT azerbaijanelebs. somxuri skola
aris. azerbaijanulic undaT iyos~
uaryofiTad afaseben monawileebi polireligiur garemos, mag. qristianuli eklesiis gverdiT meCeTis
arsebobas, aseve uaryofiT Sefasebas aZleven nouruz-bairamis dros rituals, rodesac iketeba gzebi da
morwmuneebi jaWvebis rtymiT dadian quCebSi. gamosavali maTi azriT isev gaqarTveleba da qarTuli
enis Seswavlaa da naklebkompaqturi dasaxleba. `ver aukrZalav bairamobas...ubralod ar unda davasaxloT
kompaqturad. ese, uceb ar vambob, Tormet welSi moxdes, TxuTmet welSi...~ Tumca arsebobs
gansxvavebuli azric: `xom arsebobs azerbaijani wavidnen iq marneulSi rom cxovroben. baqo xom aqvT...
isini arian iranelebi, arc Turqebi, iranelebi, Sahabasis dros Camosaxlebuli arian. mere xom arsebobs irani
da wavidnen.~ msgavsi gamonaTqvamebis paralelurad dadebiTad arian Sefasebulebi baqoelebi, romlebic
xasiaTdebian rogorc aRzrdilebi, ganaTlebulebi, farTo msoflmxedvelobis mqone da sufTa xalxi, romelTa
fonze adgilobrivi azerbaijanelebi xasiaTdebian rogorc WuWyianebi da gaunaTleblebi.
      amrigad, jgufSi sakuTar gariyulobas monawileTa umravlesoba uaryofs, gansakuTrebiT iseT
       garemoSi, romelic SedarebiT monoeTnikuria, mag. axalqalaqi, ninowminda, sadac ZiriTadad
       somesi mosaxleobaa. axalcixis warmomadgeneli qarTvelebis umravlesoba uaryofs gariyvisa da
       miuReblobis faqts. msgavsi suraTia marneulis jgufSic, erTeulebi asaxeleben gariyulobis
       SemTxvevebs ruseTSi. marneulis mosaxleobis umravlesoba azerbaijanelia. yvelaze xSirad
       miuReblobas bolniseli monawileebi aRniSnaven, gansakuTrebiT erovnuli niSnis mixedviT. rac
       Seexeba Sereul jgufs – axalcixe-bolnisi-marneuli, sadac monawileTa umravlesoba qarTveli
       erovnebisaa,   gariyulobaze    saubrisas     xazgasmiT    aRniSnavs    qarTvelebis    gadametebul
       tolerantulobas, rac Sefasebulia rogorc mTavari mizezi sxva erovnebebis - azerbaijanlebisa da
       somexi erovnebebis warmomadgenelTa mier qarTvelebis Seviwrovebaze. amis gamoxatulebad
       asaxeleben ramdenime magaliTs, kerZod qarTuli siwmindeebis da miwebis xelyofas.
       amasTanave, zogierTi monawile msgavss agresorebad ara mxolod maT gverdiT macxovrebel
       somexi da azerbaijaneli erovnebis warmomadgenlebs, aramed potenciur mosaxleebs -              Turq
       mesxebsac ganixilaven. arsebul situaciis gamosavals isini xedaven erovnuli politikis gatarebaSi –
       erovnul umciresobaTa naklebkompaqtur dasaxlebasa da qarTuli enis, rogorc saxelmwifo enis

                                                                                                       24
       iZulebiT swavlebaSi. faqtiurad, grZnobdnen Tu ara Tavs gariyulad, qarTveli mozardebis mcire
       nawili azogadebs sakiTxs, aZlevs globalur xasiaTs da saubrobs qarTveli erovnebis
       warmomadgenlebis privilegirebulobis Sesaxeb, rac gulisxmobs sakuTar samSobloSi sxva
       erovnebebis uflebebis SemzRudvas, qarTvelTa uflebebis gazrdis xarjze. faqtiurad, sakuTar
       gariyvaze msjelobisas aqcentis gadatana xdeba sxva erovnebis gariyvaze, misTvis arakomfortuli
       pirobebis SeqmniT.
TviTon ucxod da TqvenTvis miuReblad vis CaTvlidiT, Tqveni axloblebi vis CaTvlidnen TavianTi
wrisTvis miuReblad:
umravlesobis azriT maTi wrisTvis miuRebelia adamiani, vinc ar Seefereba maT ojaxsa da garemos, cudi
yofaqcevis, igulisxmeba msubuqi yofaqcevis adamiani. aseve dasaxelda: arakontaqturi, morcxvi,
aramgobruli, wynari, Taviseburi, mizandausaxavi, gaunaTlebeli, boroti, konfliqturi, mSiSara, ucnobi,
vinc ar scems pativs sakuTar kulturas. miuReblobis erT-erT mizezad dasaxelda materialuri faqtori –
siRaribe. zogierTma arniSna, rom ZaluZs yvelas Seewyos da maTTvis aravin ar aris ucxo, rom erovnebas
mniSvneloba ar aqvs.
      pasuxebidan gamomdinare, miuRebeli da ucxo daxasiaTeulia qaraqterologiuri da socialuri niSnis
       mixedviT, erovnuli niSani ukana planze gadadis. am Sefasebisas regionaluri da eTnikuri niSnis
       mixedviT gansxvaveba TiTqmis ar aris, monawileTa absoluturi umravlesoba erTi azrisaa. es
       Sefaseba SesabamisobaSi ar modis wina kiTxvis pasuxTan, rodesac saubari iyo sakuTari
       gariyulobis gancdaze. amasTan monawileebi saubrobdnen did jgufebze, kerZod rusebze ruseTSi,
       svanebze, qarTvelebze, azerbaijanelebze da somxebze. xolo maTTvis miuReblad yovelTvis
       saxeldeboda konkretuli adamiani da ara raime jgufi.
(axalcixe) `vinc Cem ojaxs ar Seefereba, cudi qcevebis adamians. adamians, romelsac urTierToba ar
SeuZlia, ar aris gaxsnili adamiani, ver Sedis kontaqtSi sxvebTan. simorcxve, aramegobruloba,
arakomunikabeluroba, sakuTri Tavis realizaciis uunaroba. iseTi ideebi awuxebs, romelic CemTvis
miuRebelia, iseT zneobriv cxovrebas eweva, romelic CemTvis saerTod miuRebelia. wynari da Tavisi
azrebs ver gamoxatavs, Taviseburi, Caketili. msubuqi yofaqcevis, mizandausaxavi, TviTgariyulia.
gaunaTlebeli adamiani, Wirveulebi, moridebulebi, cxovrebaSi mizani rom ar gaaCnia - aseT adamianTan
urTierToba Zalian Znelia; me vcdilob yvelas Seveguo; Cemi sawinaaRmdego xasiaTi rom aqvs ver
vewyobiT erTmaneTs, kamaTi gvaqvs yovelTvis da romelTanac ver vmegobrob; miuRebeli SeiZleba
iyos siRaribis gamo. ver miviReb iseT adamians rom Sen sikeTe gaukeTeb TviTon ki borotebiT
gadagixdis. adamiani, romelic fulze fiqrobs. adamiani, rodesac konfliqturia, ar cdilobs rom Sen
dagimegobrdes, piriqiT, ecdeba rom Tavisi mogaxvios Tavze.
(bolnisi) visac ar vicnobT, erovnebas mniSvneloba ar aqvs. xasiaTis mixedviT unda amoirCio
vinc ucxod mogvveqceva im adamians, vinc fiqrobs rom me var misTvis ucxo Torem CemTvis aranairi
mniSvneloba ara aqvs vin aris, rogoria.

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(marneuli) aravis, adamians gaaCnia rogoria da ra erovnebis aris. ari qarTveli, somexi, azerbaijaneli,
adamians Tu Sexedav da mogewoneba ar unda agrZnobino rom is ucxoa. SeiZleba, stereotipi gqondes
cudi, da mere Seicvalo, gariyuli iyo misgan da mere daaxlovde. xasiaTebis mixedviT, rogor Seewyoba is
adamians. ucnobebi, roca adamianTan vmegobrob, ara mgonia masTan ucxod viyo.
(Sereuli): bolnisi-marneuli-axalcixe) jer saxezec, TiTon qcevaze, arakontaqturs da gariyuls, Tu ena ar icis
Cemi, an ver vgebulob. Tanamedroveebs, qarTuli kultura rom ar uyvars. ar SeiZleba rom ganasxvavo
adamiani mTavaria misi xedva iyos SenTvis misaRebi da yvelanairad eTanxmebode.
axalqalaqi: rodesac adamianebi ar urTierToben sxva adamianebTan ar arian megobrulebi, miZvrebian
specialurad rom iCxubon. nacionaluri gagebis gamo, roca erTi nacionalobis adamianebi amcireben sxvas.
aq rodesac CavmovediT, me megona rom kargad vicodi qarTuli, CemTan oTaxSi 5 qarTulad
molaparakea, mere gairkva, rom kargi biWebi arian, Cven davmegobrdiT da yvelaferi dalagda.
ninowminda: aravis, CvenTvis yvela misaRebia, sul erTia, Tu maT uyvarvarT, Cvenc gviyvars.
axalcixe ninowminda: visac ar SeuZlia megobroba kompaniaSi, visac cudi xasiaTi aqvs. vinc ar
daarRvevs Cvens wesebs, arian somexi axalgazrdebi, romlebic ar Tvlian Tavs somexad. me am
axalgazrdebs ucxoebad vTvli, maT ician somxuri, magram ar laparakoben da rodesac etyvi, rom Sen xar
somexi – wyinT, ara mxolod somxebi, qarTvelebic arian aseTi tipis adamianebi.
axalgazrduli problemebi
      ZiriTad problemebs Soris gamoikveTa: ganaTlebis problema da CabarebasTan dakavSirebuli
       problemebi, gansakuTrebiT ukmayofilebas ganaTlebis reformis mimarT gamoTqvamen
       axalqalaqsa da ninowmindaSi, radgan qarTuli enis ar codnis gamo ver axerxeben erTiani
       saxelmwifo gamocdaSi monawileobis miRebas da Cabarebas. garTobis problema - raionSi ar aris
       axalgazrdaTa TavSeyris adgilebi - kino, Teatri, klubebi, diskoteka, kafe an Tundac parki.
       dasaqmebis da usaqmurobiT gamowveuli narkomaniis da toqsikomaniis problema, sisufTavis -
       qalaqis danagvianebis, gamwvanebis, garemos dabinZurebis, ekologiuri problemebi. gzebis
       problema. jansaRi cxovrebis stilis uqolobis, sportuli darbazebis da saerTod sportuli cxovrebis
       uqonloba. finansuri problemebi, upativcemloba ufrosebis mimarT da piriqiT maswavlebelTa
       mxridan moswavleebis mimarT. socialuri, komunaluri problemebi. asakisTvis damaxasiaTebeli
       gogoebsa da biWebs Soris arsebuli urTierTobis problemebi - biWebs Soris konfliqti gogos gamo.
       adamianis uflebebis darRvevasTan dakavSirebuli problemebi - Zaladoba. dasaxelda aseve erovnul
       niadagze warmoSobili konfliqtis problemebi, gansakuTrebiT marneulSi, azerbaijanlebsa da
       qarTvelebs Soris.
      dasaxelebul problemebs Soris gamoikveTa calkeuli regionisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli problemebi:
axalcixe:   ganaTlebasTan,     garTobasTan     dakavSirebuli    problemebi.Ndanagavianebis      problema.
dausaqmeblobiT gamowveuli agresiis da narkomaniis problema. uyuradReboba adamianebis mimarT;
jansaRi cxovrebis ritmis ar arseboba, sportuli kompleqsebis uqonloba. kulturuli RonisZiebebis simcire.

                                                                                                        26
finansuri problemebi - Raribi ver iRebs Rirseul swavla-ganaTlebas, erovnuli gamocdebis standartebs ver
akmayofilebs soflis skola, pedagogis Sromis daufasebloba.
(bolnisi) axalgazrdebis dayofa socialuri niSnis mixedviT. zogadad socialuri problemebi, mag. wylis
problema - dazianebuli wyalgayvaniloba. maswavleblebis mxridan cudi mopyroba: `bavSvebs eqcevian
rogorc nivTs~. gasarTobi adgilebis uqonloba: `ar aris gasarTobi – ar tardeba koncertebi. ar aris
sabiliardoebi, tenisi, klubi, kafe... Tundac diskoTeka... iZulebuli xar isev abirJao~. finansebTan
dakavSirebuli problemebi.
bolnisSi marto ekologiis problema aris da eqvsi wlis bavSvis Woraobis saganic ki ekologiaa....ara marto
maSavra haeri aris Zalian dabinZurebuli...kazreTSi oqros madani moipoveba. kazreTs unda gamocde cota
bolnisisken da iqeTken aris afeTqebebi. bolnisSi yoveli meore adamiani kvdeba kiboTi. `iyvnen
Camosulebi... bolnisis televiziamac anaxa, rom viTom gawmenda undodaT. raRac SeuSves erTxel da
aRmoCnda, rom imis magivrad rom gaewmindaT ufro uaresi raRac aRmoCnda. maSavraze qaTami
Cavida wylis dasalevad. dalia da iqve mokvda. garTobis problema namdvilad ar aris, imitom rom
yvelaferi aris. kinoc aris, Teatric aris. Tumca bolnisSi namdvilad mkvdari cxovreba midis da Suqi mTeli
weli rom ar iyos xmas aravin amoiRebs~. Tumca bolnisis SemTxvevaSi Sexedulebebi iyofoda da
gansxvavebuli damokidebulebebi vlindeboda socialuri problemebis mimarT: ~Suqis problema namdvilad
ar gvaqvs. dilidan daRamebamde, ocdaoTxsaaTian grafikSi varT, arc gazis da arc wyalis. erTaderTi filtris
fuli Seagrovos gamgeobam im biujetidan, rac bolnissa aqvs da daayenos es filtri. sufTa haeri iyos da
danarCeni mere TavisiT mova yvelaferi. es ramdenime milion jdeba, magram erT saRamoSi moipoveba
kazreTSi mgoni es milionebi...bolnisSi kidev aRmoaCines oqros sabado. TviTon bolnisSi naxes rom
fxvnilad aris qceuli. daSla unda. iseTi gora aris uzarmazari da am goris SigniT aris nagebi, TviTon gora
aris oqrosi.~
(marneuli) gogos gamo xSirad biWebi Cxuboben. irRveva axalgazrdebis uflebebi. Cabarebis problemaa,
garToba ar aris an aris Tu fuli gaqvs. socialuri problemebi – Raribebi dRiTidRe Raribdebian da mdidrebi
dRiTidRe mdidrdebian.. genderuli problema aris - `mSoblebi saxlSi ketaven Svilebs, gansakuTrebiT
gogoes da 13 wlis asakSi aTxoveben~. irRveva adamianis uflebebi policiis mxridan. socialuri
problemebia; Zalin gabinZurebulia garemo, gamwvaneba ar aris; gzebi uvargisia; swavlis xarisxi Zalian
dabalia; dausaqmeblobaa da usaxsroba; marneulSi kinoTeatri gadawves imis gamo, rom kinoTeatrs
hqonda vali da ver gadauxada mTavrobas. `marneulSi is problema gvaqvs rom upirispirdeba ori eri
erTmaneTs azerbaijanelebi da qarTvelebi. xalxi yavT mTavrobaSic. marneulis deputatic azerbaijanelia da
gamgebelic da meric... gamgebeli qarTvelia magram vai imnair qarTvelobas, TaTari jobia Cven
momavali Taoba ise unda gavzardoT, rom ar CavudoT zizRi eTmaneTis mimaTrT, rac istoriidan da
winaprebidanaa Cadebuli~. gavrcelda barigoba, narkotiki... prostitucia - azerbaijanelebi arian am
biznesSi. biznesi aris yvelgan, bazari magaTia, wiTeli xidi, sadaxlo, marneulic...marneulSi axlos aris



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soflebi wereTeli da Tamarisi. iq ZiriTadad qarTvelebi arian. marto am or sofelSi. danarCeni aris
azerbaijanuli soflebi. ZiriTadad Cvenebi arian, saCxere-WiaTuris zvavis Sedegad gadmosaxlebulebi~.
axalqalaqi: yvelaze mniSvnelovani gzebis problema. garTobis mag. diskotekis mowyoba; janmrTelobis
problemebi. ar ewyoba sportuli Sejibrebebi;. swavlebis problema - universiteti ar gavs universitets.
skolebSic aris problema - qrTams iReben, saWiroa amaRldes maswavlebelTa daintereseba, moumaton
xelfasebi; transporti cudad muSaobs; aseve quCebSi sibnelea, ganaTeba ar aris;
ninowminda: dausaqmeblobis problema - yvela konfliqti imitom xdeba, rom ar ician riT dakavdnen.
globaluri konfliqtebi ki siRaribis gamo xdeba. mosaxleobis umravlesoba gaemgzavra; mezoblebma
SeiZleba iCxubon teritoriis gamo, miwas ver iyofen, SeiZleba iCxubon saerTo Robis gamo, nagvis
gamoc ki. gogoebis gamo konfliqtebi xdeba; kviraSi erTxel Tu moewyoba diskoTeka, arc kinoa, arc
Teatri, erTxel weliwadSi Tu iqneba koncerti, isic gvian Rame gogoebs mSoblebi ar uSveben. sportuli
darbazebi ar aris. Senobac ar aris, sadac raime RonisZieba Catardeboda. pirvel rigSi yuradReba
ganaTlebas unda daeTmos abiturientebisaTvis, imis magivrad rom darCnen saqarTveloSi, ar ician qarTuli
da miemgzavrebian erevanSi Casabareblad. mag. `wels Cvenebma Caabares qarTuli enis saxlSi, magram
aseT mcire droSi ver moaswres swala da yvelam ver Caabara versad, Tu ar vcdebi ramdenime qarTveli
moewyo. wels mec monawileobas viRebdi gamocdebSi da yvelaferi SesaniSnavi iyo, ubralod
somxebisaTvis iyo Zalian rTuli. sxva seqtorebic ar iyo da rom mdomeboda romelime paralelur fakultetze
Cabareba, ver Cavabarebdi, iq mxolod qarTulad bardeboda, da Tanac testebiT, rac qarTvelebisaTvisac
rTulia, am problemis gadawyveta albaT enis SeswavliT SeiZleba, rac qarTul skolebSi xdeba, maSin roca
es 1 kviraSi da 1-2 saaTSi SeuZlebelia sxva erovnebis bavSvebisaTvis. me SemogTavazebT gaixsnas
umaRlesi saxelmwifo dawesebulebebi, sadac ZiriTadad somxur enaze iqneba swavleba, rom ufro ioli
iyos, Tumca paralelurad qarTuladac tardebodes swavleba – axalqalaqsa da ninowmindaSi. ninowmindaSi
exla 2 instituti gvaqvs, sadac somxurad iswavleba. albaT unda gaixsnas ufaso saxelmwifo centrebi, sadac
aswavlian mxolod qarTul enas~. sporti rom iyos ufro maRal doneze, mogawodon aRWurviloba da
moavlinon kargi maswavleblebi. amasTanave moewyos Sejibrebebi TveSi an Tundac weliwadSi erTxel.
finansebi an ar aris an axlgazrdebamde ar modis. `sabWoTa periodSi udidesi sportcmenebi gvyavda
Cveni raionebidan, romlebsac centridan exmarebodnen da isini did warmatebebs aRwevdnen. Cven
soflebSi Zalian niWieri axalgazrdebi arian, romlebsac aranairi SesaZlebloba ara aqvT rom gaemgzavron
qalaqSi Sejibrebaze an ivarjiSon~. `piradad me bavSvobidan vocnebob mevlo qarTul cekvebze, magram
CvenTan maswavleblebi ar arian da ver vswavlob. kargi iqneba, rom gaixsnas centri, sadac aswavlian
somxur, qarTul, rusul cekvebs, breikdanss verc erTi CvenTagani ver cekvavs, verc reps. CvenTan
mxolod somxur cekvebs aswavlian da isic xalxurs~.
rogor afasebT      mravaleTnikurobas.      qveynisTvis     ramdenad     xelSemwyobia      da ramdenad
xelisSemSleli. ras niSnavs iyo saqarTveloSi sxva erovnebis adamiani.



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   qarTveli monawileebis azriT, gansakuTrebiT axalcixidan - qarTveli tolerantia. maTi azriT, am
    regionSi qarTvelebi umciresobaSi arian da Sesabamisad ufro daCagrulebic: axalcixeSi somxebi
    cxovroben, rusebic, ebraelebi azerbaijanelebic da Turqebic. qarTvelebi aravis ar Seuqmnian
    problemas. konfliqtebi somxebisgan modis: `somxebis antiqarTuli ganwyobileba yvelam icis.
    igrZnoba agresia somxebis mxridan. roca Sens mimarT antiqarTuli ganwyobaa Senc igive
    geqneba - pretenziaa ratom ar ici somxuri, ratom ar ici rusuli. 10 wlis win eklesiis konfliqtis
    sakiTxze somexma mxari dauWira qarTvelebs da misianebma filtvebi TiviT amoutenes 30 wlis
    kacs. konfliqtis piki SarSan win eklesiaze daiwyo. jvarzec iyo Cxubi, merma daadgmevina da
    moxsnes mere. Tavi bolo axalcixeSi ocdaTxuTmeti aTasi adamiani cxovrobs, ocdasami aTasi
    somxebi arian, mcire raodenobiTa varT cxra Tu rva aTasi qarTvelebi, danarCeni Turq mesxebi da
    sxva   erovnebis xalxia. konfliqti imdenad ar aris ramdenadac undaT, rom…isini iyvnen
    saqarTveloSi, qarTvelebze maRla idgnen, CvenTvis es miuRebelia. rogor Cven wavideT
    somxeTSi da moviTxovoT pirveloba? amis gulisTvis xdeba Cxubi. arian somxebi romlebic
    kargad arian qarTvelebTanac daAugeben erTmaneTs~.
   aseve, axalcixel axalgazrdaTa azriT, saqarTveloSi rac ufro meti qarTveli iqneba da naklebi
    ucxoeli, ufro Zlieri iqneba qveyana, radganac qarTvels ufro qarTuli suli aqvs. Sesabamisad,
    sxvadasxva qveynis warmomadgenlebi ar arian imdenad patriotebi. somxebi, azerbaijanelebi,
    saqarTveloSi cxovroben, magram saqarTvelos momavliT ar arian dainteresebulni, radgan is Tavis
    samSoblos ar warmoadgens da droebiT macxovrebelni arian. Zveli somxebic ki, visi babuis
    babuebic aq cxovrobdnen, kvlav somxobaze deben Tavs da qarTvelebTan arcTu kargi
    damokidebuleba aqvT: `klasSi vkamaTobdiT, saqarTvelo-somxeTis omSi vis dauWerTo mxars -
    somxebs, radgan somxeTi ufro kargiao, erevani jobiao Tbiliss. somxebi mainc ganTqmulia, deni
    aqvTo, saqarTvelos saerTod araferi ar aqvso. ar urCevniaT Tavis qveyanaSi iyvnen, vin daaZalaT
    saqarTveloSi mosvla. ubralod aq SedarebiT kargi pirobebia. maTi winaprebi aq Camovidnen da
    Semdeg darCnen, margam ar aRiareben bolomde saqarTvelos.~ amasTanave, ukmayofileba ara
    mxolod somxebis, aramed jer ar Camosaxlebuli Turqi mesxebis misamarTiTac gamoiTqmeboda:
    `Turqi mesxebis Camosaxleba ar unda xalxs. bevrgan ukve Senobis kedlebzec ki daaweres nu
    CamoasaxlebT da aqciebic ki iyo. ratomRac marto saqarTvelos teritoriaze asaxleben, magram arc
    qristianobas aRiareben, arc qarTvelobas. droebaSi vuyureT gadacemas am sakiTxze. iq
    umravlesoba Turqi mesxebi ambobdnen, rom isini arian Turqebi, magram saqarTvelos teritoriaze
    mcxovreblebi da saqarTveloSi moiTxoven dabrunebas, magram amboben, rom qarTvelebi ar
    arian, Turqebi arian. aman SeiZleba ganxeTqileba gamoiwvios adamianebs Soris sarwmunoebis
    niadagze. SeiZleba imitom Camodian somxebi rom aq gamravldnen da saqarTvelo mTlianad
    daipyron. SeiZleba eg variantic iyos. erT-erTi somexi istorikosi aRniSnavda, rom Seqmnili aqvs
    ruka, romelzec saqarTvelo saerTod ar aris miTiTebuli is ambobda, rom saqarTvelo iyo somxeTis

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    Semadgeneli nawili da Semdgom gamoeyo. rac ar unda iyos, somxebsa da qarTvelebs Soris
    zRvaria. mTlianad somxebsac ver davadanaSaulebT. xom aris SemTxveva rodesac qarTvelebi
    mimarTaven ,,Se somexoo" da Seuracxyofas ayeneben. mTliand vercerT mxares ver
    davadanaSaulebT me rom miTxran ,,Se qarTveloo" unda mewyinos?! sulac ar minda rom sxva
    erovnebisa viyo. piriqiT unda geamayebodes~.
   Tumca, igive axalcixel monawileTa mier sxva alternrtiuli mosazrebebic gamoiTqva: `yvela aseTi
    ar aris. saqarTvelo internacionaluri qveyanaa. Cven am problemas ver gadavwyvetT. me vici
    somxebi romlebic qarTvelobaze deben Tavs, mTlianad iziareben saqarTvelos bed-iRbals. arian
    qarTvelebic romlebic, magaliTad, qarTvelobaze sul ar deben Tavs. ubralod kargic da cudic yvela
    erSi aris.
   (bolnisi) ZiriTadad cxovroben azerbaijanelebi, somxebi, qarTvelebi, rusebi TiTqmis ar darCnen,
    ZiriTadad problema magaT Soris ar arsebobs da megobrulad arian. warmoSobiT somexi
    respodenti TqmiT: `aris iseTi situaciebi, Seuracxyofa mouyenebiaT erovnebasTan dakavSirebiT –
    somexi. me arasodes zedmeti jer saqarTvelos da qarTvelebze araferi ar miTqvia. me sul magas
    gaviZaxi aq davibade da es aris Cemi samSoblo, aris iseTi momentebi, rodesac laparakSi Tu erT
    saxelmwifos SevexeT ubralod getyvian, Tu ar ginda aq, wadio aqedan~.
   bolniseli, wamoSobiT qarTveli monawileebi iziareben axalcixelebis azrs - saqarTveloSi unda
    cxovrobdnen marto qarTvelebi, magram moxda ise rom mravalerovani qveyana varT da ras
    vizamT, cxovroben sad wavlen. Tumca axlcixisgan gansxvavebiT aq problema sawinaaRmdegod
    dgas, anu sxva erovnebis warmomadgenlebi ganicdian Caqvras qarTvelTa mxridan: problemebi
    ZiriTadad imitoma aqvT, rom qarTvelebisgan maic Cagvras ganicdian Tundac azerbaijanelebi.
    TaTars mainc sxvanairi TvaliT uyureben mainc TaTaria da amis gamo... `aris iseTi soflebi
    qarTveli rom gaivlis iq, dainaxaven da cemen. qarTvelebs, TviTon qarTvelebs Cagraven Tavis
    sofelSi. bolnisSi xSirad xdeba TaTrebi rom amovlen manqaniT an ubralod gaiseirneben,
    qarTvelebi uyureben - raRac iseTi moxdes, rom gadmoiyvanon da scemon es, ra Tqma unda,
    araswori saqcielia,... mere isinic imaxsovreben amas. mere Sen Tu gamoCndi magaT sofelSi, Sen
    dagiWeren da ase grZeldeba. magari mtroba aqvT erTmaneTTan~.
   axalcixis jgufis msgavsad, bolnisis fokus jgufis monawileebic gansxvavebul azrs gamoTqvaven da
    problemis gamosavals qarTuli enis SeswavlaSi xedaven: es ar aris problematuri. mTavaria
    adamiani iyos. saqarTvelos moqalaqe, yvela adamiani, vinc cxovrobs saqarTveloSi unda icodes
    qarTuli ena...
   marneuleli qarTveli axalgazdebis azriT mravalnacionaluroba xelis SemSlelicaa, imitom rom
    saSiSia. `marneulSi umetesoba azerbaijanelia, bevrni arian, Tan dacinva ician xolme zogma, yvela
    erSia gamonaklisi qarTvelebSic, azerbaijanelSic. sulelebi yvelgan arian da SeiZleba uaryofiTi
    gavlena moaxdinon. Cven magaTi kultura gavigeT, ena gavigeT, cxovreba rogor aqvT, rogori

                                                                                                 30
    wesi aqvT. Zalian bevrs ar moswons Cveni ena. azerbaijaneli monawile ki sapirispiro azrs
    gamoTqvams: marneulSi ki ar saerTod, qarTvelebi Cven azerbaijanlebs arc Tu ise Zalian
    gvcemen pativs, Tu Riad vilaparakebT. ar vici, SesaZloa religiuri mosazrebebis gamo, magram
    Cven isini dadebiTad ar gveqcevian. ara, marneuleli qarTvelebis marneulelebTan damokidebuleba
    kargia. saerTod, mTel saqarTveloSi, gagikvirdebaT, aris aseTi gamoTqma “TaTrebi arian”.
   marneulelTa mxridan gamoiTqva neitraluri damokidebulebac: magaliTad walkaSi xSiria
    konfliqtebi da daZabuli situacia. aq, marneulSi ar aris. me vityodi, yvelaferi Zalian kargia erTad
    rom varT qarTvelebi da azerbaijanelebi. me magaliTad Zalian msiamovnebs ucxoelebTan,
    azerbaijanelebTan da sxva erovnebis adamianebTan yofna. magram erTi ram aris uaryofiTi,
    xSirad xdeba rom zogs colad moyavs, zogi Txovdeba sxva xalxze. maTTan Sereva me mgoni
    cudia TviTon qarTvelebisTvis.
   unda aRiniSnos, rom am sakiTxisadmi marneulis azerbaijaneli monawileebi SedarebiT pozitiur
    damokidebulebas amJRavneben: `me vfiqrob es kargia TviT adamianis ganviTarebisaTvis, radgan
    mas SeuZlia icodes sxvadasxva kultura, bevri erovnebebi, aseve enebi. gavecnobiT sxvebis wes-
    Cveulebebs da rac ufro internacionaluri iqneba saqarTvelo, miT ukeTesi. memgoni Cven arafriT
    ar ganvsxvavdebiT, konfliqtebi ar aris, Cven vcxovrobT normalurad, mSvidobianad. aq bevrad
    ukeTesia, vidre Cven samSobloSi. mec igives vityodi, somxeTSi Cveni somxebi saerTod ar
    uyvarT. baqoel azerbaijanlebsac ar uyvarT Cvenebi. baqoelebs sxva wesebi aqvT. ar uyvarT da
    pativs ar scemen, isini fiqroben rom Cven ganuviTareblebi varT. maTi wesebi Zalian
    gansxvavdeba aqauri azerbaijanelebis wesisagan. konfliqtebis gareSe araferi ar xdeba, zogjer aris
    konfliqtebi magram mainc megobrulad unda viyoT. me TviTon ar vyofilvar somxeTSi, arada
    somexi var, isini Cvenebs gaurbian. aq yvelaferi kargad aris, normalurad, CemTvis piriqiT, aq
    ukeTesia, vidre iq. iq raRacnairi civi xalxia. aq bevri erovnebebia somxebic, qarTvelebic da
    rusebic. Cven yvela pativs gvcems.
   rac Seexeba qarTvelebs, rig SemTxvevaSi maTgan ukiduresad uaryofiTi pozicia vlindeboda,
    gansakuTrebiT erT-erT marneulis jgufSi qarTveli monawileebi Riad upirispirdebodnen
    azerbaijanlebs - `azerbaijanelebi arian saqarTvelos teritoriaze, marneulSi 80% arian da teritorias
    isakuTreben, TiTqos sakuTar teritoriaze arian. batonobis stadiaSi arian. Cem sofelSi meurneobas
    misdevs mTeli sofeli. 99%-s aaqvT miwebi da sxvaTa Soris, qarTvelebs rom aqvT 1 heqtari,
    azerbaijanlebs aqvT 3-4 heqtari. albaT amas is ganapirobebs, rom gamgeobaSi Zaan bevri
    azerbaijaneli muSaobs; megrelebi Camodian xolme samuSaod. dilis 6 saaTze rom gamoxvideT
    memorialTan, 200-300 kaci mainc iqneba rom elodebian, rodis mova manqana da waiyvanT
    samuSaod. mTeli dRe muSaoben zogi 6-7 larad da rom gaCerdebian, mec maqvs nanaxi, Cqara
    imuSaveTo, ise uyviris baton-ymobis dros rom iyo. miwis mepatrone, ufro azerbaijanli.
    qarTvelebi mainc mogexsenebaT, rom iseTi adamianebi varT, ar gviyvars sxvisi daCagvra, rom

                                                                                                   31
    adamianurad vugebT erTmaneTs, maT qarTvelebis miwaze ufro patiosnad epyrobian da
    pativiscemiT. aris kidev aseTi mosazreba: azerbaijanlebi mogexsenebaT orpiri xalxia, iZaxian
    qarTvelebi varT, qarTvelobaze deben Tavs, wavlen iq da sul sxvanairad laparakoben~
   qarTveli monawileebis msgavsad sakmaod araerTgverovani damokidebulebaa saqarTvelos
    mravalnacionalurobis mimarT. axalqalaqeli, ninowmindeli da axalcixeli araqarTveli, kerZod
    somexi monawileebis mxridan. isini TavianT pozicias neitraluridan mkveTrad uaryofiTamde
    gamoxataven, Tumca es pozicia vrceldeba ara uSualod qarTvelebze, aramed saakaSvilis
    politikaze.
   axalqalaqi: `Cvenze es ar moqmedebs, vinaidan axalqalaqSi umravlesoba somxuri mosaxleobaa.
    CvenTan yvelaferi wesrigSia. 90% metni varT somxebi.... saakaSvilis mere CvenTan qarTvelebi
    moematnen. SevardnaZis dros ki cotani iyvnen. maT Soris dapirispireba ar iyo. unda iyo
    adamiani, rom yvelasTan urTierTobde da ara aqvs mniSvneloba ra erovnebisa xar. me vcxovrob
    qalaqSi da arasodes migvrZnia, rom sxvis teritoriaze vcxovrob.... gogoebma ar ician, Torem
    konfliqtebi iyo, ukonfliqtod arc SeiZleba, qarTvelebsa da somxebs Soris sakmaod bevri iyo
    konfliqti. simarTle rom iTqvas, somxebs Soris ufro xSirad xdeba xolme konfliqti, vidre
    qarTvelebs Soris. me qarTveli megobrebic myavs da imaTTan ufro metad vmegobrob~, igives
    iziareben ninowmindelebic: `CvenTan 99% somexia, 3-4 swavlobs qarTuls. imisaTvis raTa
    viswavlo qarTuli, qarTvelebTan unda mqondes urTierToba. me davdivar qarTuli enis
    gakveTilebze da momwons es ena. TbilisSi vswavlob da momwons rogor icvamen, rogor
    saubroben qarTulad da saerTod stili momwons.....ukeTesi iqneboda erTnacionaluri yofiliyo
    saqarTvelo, Tumca mainc xdeba konfliqtebi. aqeT qarTvelebi, iqeT somexi, viRac metyvis Cems
    miwaze moxvedi da ra uflebiT brZaneblob? Cven yvelas vcemT pativs, vinc CvenTan kargad
    Camodis kargad viRebT.
   calke gamovyofT axalcixe-ninowmindas jgufs, sadac ukeT ikveTeba uaryofiTi damokidebuleba
    am sakiTxebisadmi. maTi azriT, aq Znelia iyo sxva erovnebis warmomadgeneli. mas Semdeg, rac
    saakaSvili gaxda prezidenti, javaxeli somxebis mimarT politika mkveTrad Seicvala -
    `Tanamedrove politika Tvlis, rom Cven rogorRac izolireba unda gagvikeTon somxebisagan da
    qarTvelebTan agvrion, rom Cveni eri gaqres aq. amas ara marto me, mTeli javaxeTi ar
    eTanxmeba da im SemTxvevaSi Tu aseTi politika gagrZelda, SesaZloa daiwyos masobrivi
    ajanyebebi. wavikiTxeT gazeTebSi, rom undaT somxuri skolebi qarTulad gadaakeTon, rom yvela
    sagani qarTulad iswavlebodes. Tu Cven yvela sagans qarTulad viswavliT me vfiqrob, rom Cven
    veRar SevZlebT Cveni tradiciebis SenarCunebas. es misi politikaa, me ar vambob rom is
    arasworia, ubralod is gadadis sazRvrebs, dros uswrebs. moswavleebma jer saubari ar ician
    qarTulad komunikaciis doneze da maT yvela gakveTili, yvela sagani unda Targmnon qarTulad -
    geografia, maTematika, fizika – es ar iqneba swori. es yvelaferi etapobrivad unda keTdebodes,

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TandaTan, is axalgazrdaa da ase fiqrobs. unda gaixsnas wreebi. I klasidan unda iswavlebodes
qarTuli. garda amisa, Tu Cven, somxebi erevenSi viswavliT, me gamigia, rom am diploms ver
gamoviyenebT saqarTveloSi. Tuki Sen Seni profesia kargad ici, amas ar aqvs mniSvneloba sad
iswavli, Tu kargi eqimi xar, ra mniSvneloba aqvs sad iswavli, maTavaria operacia gaukeTo
adamians. saerTaSoriso sazomebiT somxuri swavleba qarTulze bevrad maRalia, televizorSi
movismine, diplomi iseT qveynebSi gadis, rogoris aris d.s.T., ruseTi, latva, litva. latva da litva ar
aris d.s.T, magram iqac gadis es diplomi. saqarTveloSi ki ukve ara. nel-nela xdeba ara
demokratiuli, aramed anarqiuli gardaqmnebi. is TviTon saubrobs demokratiaze, TviTon iTxovs
ruseTisgan Tavisuflebas, jarebis gayvanas da TviTon iwyebs karnaxs. es aris meore hitleri. mis
mosvlemde Cven Zalian megobrulad vcxovrobdiT, araferi ar iyo manamde sakonfliqto, mas unda,
rom Cven viyoT naTesaur kavSirSi qarTvelebTan, magram is gadaaxta yvela bariers, ase ucbaT
keTeba ar SeiZleba, yvelaferi TandaTan unda keTdebodes. es misi politikis Sedegia, bevri
ajanyeba iyo ukve. ar vici ramdenad marTalia, magram amboben Tu somexi biWi moiyvans colad
qarTvel gogos an piriqiT, somexi gogo gayveba qarTvels colad, maT 4000 lars aZleveno –
Cemma Zmam moismina, es saxelmiwfo programaa. Cveni eleqtrosadguri amerikelebs
eqvemdebareba. isini TavianT pirobebs ayeneben. bolo TveebSi Cven vixididiT saerTo
saxelmwifoebrivi gadasaxadebiT 8,1 TeTrs kilovatze, exla ki procentebi midis. amboben, roca
eleqtrosadguridan modis deni, is ikargeba mricxvelebSi, magram am fuls ixdian ubralo
moqalaqeebi. sxva qveynebSi sazogadod miRebuli pirobebis Tanaxmad Tu mricxvelebs ukve
aRar SeuZliaT damakmayofileblad imuSaon da moZveldnen, isini unda Secvalos organizaciam an
saxelmwifom. CvenTan ki iTxoven, rom isini Secvalon moqalaqeebma sakuTari TanxebiT. es,
qalaqSi, jer kidev, moqmedebs raRac wesebi, soflebSi ki sul sxvaa. vinc agrovebs Tanxas, mas
SeuZlia imdeni dawvas ramdenic unda. ar aris saerTo wesi. maT aravin ar amowmebs. kidev erTi
rCeva prezidents da saqarTvelos yvela maRalCinosans, rom maT ar gayidon araferi saxelmwifo
resursebidan. 10-20 wlis Semdeg isini SeWamen am fuls da maTi STamomavlebi daemorCilebian
ucxoelebs. mag foTis porti gayides, is maT aRar daeqvemdebareba da a.S....skolebSi ar gavdivarT
somxeTis istorias da Zalian sawyenia, kviraSi 2-3jer gvaqvs saqarTvelos istoriis gakveTili,
magram 1 damatebiTi saaTic ar gvaqvs somxeTis istoria. rodesac Cvens skolaSi prezidentis
warmomadgenlebi movidnen ganaTlebidan, Cem kiTxvas upasuxes - Tu gindaT, SeikribeT da
iswavleTo. es aucilebelia, savaldebulo unda iyos,. Tu adamianma ar icis sakuTari istoria, me
vTvli, rom is dakarguli adamiania. aseve zewolaa sxva enebze, mag. rusuli, kviraSi iyo 3 saaTi,
maT Seamcires axla 2ia. fizikac Seamcires, me rusul skolaSi vsWavlob me-11 klasSi. CvenTan
rusul enas ar gadian, mxolod literaturas, programiT unda gavdiodeT da ar gavdivarT. fizika 4
saaTidan 2 saaTamde Seamcires... me ar viziareb amaT mosazrebebs. ganaTlebis saministro arc
ise kargad muSaobs. wels abarebdnen somexi bavSvebi, iq iyo iseTi kiTxvebi, romlebsac

                                                                                                  33
       qarTvelebmac ver upasuxes. vinc abarebda araqarTul seqtorze eubnebian ar waxvideT erevanSi,
       darCiToda aq rom darCnen axalqalaqSi ra gaakeTon? ver Caabares bavSvebma axalqalaqSi. aq
       javaxiSvilis filiali gaixsna, magram leqciebi ar tardeba normalurad. bavSvebi midian, iyinebian.
       leqtorebi xan modian, xan ar modian. inglisurs xom amTavreben, yvelam icis inglisuri. TbilisSi
       xom ician inglisuri da ai, am bavSvebma ar ician. inglisuri axla yvelas sWirdeba. aswavlian ki ara,
       ar ari specialuri adgili, rom vTqvaT mixvide, aucileblad unda ixdide ra vici ramdeni unda
       gadaixado weliwadSi. yvelas ki ara aqvs magis saSualeba. kidev erTi mwvave problemaa
       umuSevrobis problema da saxelmwifo dawesebulebaTa Semcireba. winaaRmdegi var aseTi
       Semcirebis.   saqarTveloSi    kvalificirebulma   muSakebma      unda   imuSavon.     rac   Seexeba
       umuSevrobas, CvenTan aris bevri adamiani, romelTac aqvT umaRlesi ganaTleba, magram aravin
       ar uzrunvelyofs maT samuSaoTi. maT mimarTes Sesabamis organizacias, rogorc samTavrobos,
       aseve arasamTavrobos, rom rogorme gadawyviton es sakiTxi ipovon raime saqme, rom arCinon
       TavianTi ojaxebi. sxvebi, vinc samuSaos poulobs, ixdian fuls, an gavleniani naTesavi hyavT.
       igive iTqmis maswavleblebis xelfaszec, qarTuli enis maswavleblebi 2jer mets iReben, vidre
       somxuris. ar vambob rom naklebi aiRon, Tanabari unda iyos xelfasi. ra gansxvavebaa fizikas da
       qarTuls Soris? orive 40 wTs atarebs gakveTils, sinamdvileSi gansxvaveba didia, fizikis swavleba
       bevrad Znelia, vidre qarTulis, 2jer naklebi xelfasi ki aqvT. mets albaT Camosulebs aZelven.
       dedaCemi maswavlebelia da mas mets ar aZleven, marto Cemosulebs, maT visac aqvT prezidentis
       fondi da vinc testebi gaiara. Camosulebs aZleven, radgan maT datoves TavianTi saxlebi. albaT
       adgilobrivebs kavlifikaciis amaRleba sWirdebaT. adgilobrivebi ki ar arian, iseTebi rom qarTuli
       icodnen ~
sami TqvenTvis metad misaRebi da sami metad miuRebeli erovnebis warmomadgeneli
      axalcixelma qarTvelma axalgazrdebma misaReb erovnebebs Soris daasaxeles prioritetulad:
       qarTvelebi, rusebi, berZnebi da italielebi – rogorc msgavsi temperamentisa da emociebis
       mqoneni. samxreTelebi arian da qarTul temperaments da xasiaTs Seesabamebian. amerikelebi,
       aseve ukrainelebi, espanelebi – baskebi. gamokvlevebiT Cans rom maT aqvT qarTuli
       tradiciebisTvis damaxasiaTebeli niSan-Tvisebebi. ingliseli, Svedi, poloneli da somxebi. somxebi,
       rusebi   da ukrainelebi    imitom    rom erTi     religia   gvaqvs   Cven   samives.   qristianulia
       marTlmadidebluri ki ara. ebraelebi, radgan qristianebi arian da saqarTveloSi 26 saukunis
       ganmavlobaSi cxovroben da isini saqarTvelos mimarT ar arian uaryofiTad ganwyobilia, piriqiT,
       Zalian uyvarT saqarTvelo, II dedad miiCneven da SeTvisebulebi arian qarTvelebTan. berZnebi da
       rusebi imitom, radgan erTi sarwmunoeba gvaqvs da SegviZlia erTmaneTs gavugoT. somexis
       SemTxvevaSi kategorias gaaCnia, saqarTveloSi gazrdili somexebi da ara Camosaxlebuli.
      ambivalenturi damokidebuleba gamovlinda rusebis, amerikelebis, somxebisa da ebraelebis
       mimarT - somexi iyos mirCevnia vidre rusi, somexs SeiZleba gaugo magram russ ver gaugeb

                                                                                                       34
    imdenad. ver veguebi amerikelebs zogs sayure rom aqvs cxvirSi da egeTi.. miuRebelia somexebi,
    imtom rom isini ar aRiareben saqarTvelos. miuRebelia albaT, ase vTqvaT, iaponelebis da
    Cinelebis saqarTveloSi yofna. ubralod, vizualurad ar momwons, aseve ebraelebi. adamianebi vinc
    ar unda iyos, kargic da cudic yvelgan aris.
   miuRebel, uaryofiT kategoriaSi igive axalcixelebma daasaxeles: musulmanebi, Turqebi, arabebi,
    somxebi, TaTrebi, germanelebi, Turqi mesxebi, zangebi. maTi azriT - mTavaria musulmani ar
    iyos. `miuRebeli albaT musulmanuri sarwmunoeba imdenad ara, ramdenadac sarwmunoebas iseTi
    wesebi aqvs rom TviTon cxovrebaSi atareben. magaliTad, Cven varT marTlmadideblebi, magram
    Cveni sarwmunoeba ar moiTxovs 24 saaTian locvas, saWmlis SezRudvebs Cven aravis ar
    vawuxebT Cveni marTlmadidebluri sarwmunoebiT. Tu iqneba musulmani - nu Segvawuxebs.
    ilocos, magram ise Cumad, rom aravin ar gaigos. miuRebelia iaRovelebi. ebraelebi, somxebi.
    erTaderTi monawile, romelmac dadebiTi damokidebuleba gamoTqva Turqebis da Sesabamisad
    musulmanebis mimarT, sakuTari Tavi ase warmoadgina: `me TviTon somex-qarTvel-rusi var,
    samive misaRebia. somxebis da Turqebis konfliqtis miuxedavad mainc miyvars es xalxi –
    Turqebi~
   bolniselma monawileebmac misaReb erovnul kategoriaSi daasaxeles rusi da somexi imitom, rom
    isini arian marTlmadidebeli qristianebi.
   miuRebl kategoriaSi bolniselebis SemTxvevaSic musulmanebi da Sesabamisad azerbaijanlebi
    dasaxeldnen. `azerbaijanelebi miuReblebi arian, imitom rom musulmanebi arian. qarTvelebi da
    TaTrebi ver daukavSirdebian erTmaneTs. bevri ramiT gansxvavdebian. pirvel rigSi religia, mere -
    kultura ar aris TaTrebSi absoluturad. albaT mravali saukune dasWirdeba, rom maTTan kultura
    ganviTardes. civilizebulni gaxdenen. Tundac, mexuTe saukuneSi xom ara varT - qalebi calke
    dadian, kacebi calke da calke Wamen, dRes es ukve aRar unda xdebodes. qarTvelebi amas ver
    Seurigdebian...sxvaTaSoris, ratom xdeba bolniselebs da TaTrebs Soris aseTi konfliqti. 90 weli iyo
    TaTrebi Semovidnen, bolniselebma daapires maTi gayra bolnisis raionidan da moxda areuloba 89
    welSi. xelCarTuli omi iyo da rogorc iqna gayares, viTom gayares da maqedan gamomdinare
    modis rom erTmaneTs mtroben. manamde qarTvelebi da azerbaijanelebi erT quCaze cxovrobdnen
    da mezoblobdnen. Cems quCaze piradad bevri azerbaijaneli cxovrobda. azerbaijanelebi
    Semoiparnen. me mgoni soflebidan Semoiparnen, saerTod, saqarTveloSi... bolnisis aReba
    undodaT. zviad gamsaxurdia rom iZaxda saqarTvelo qarTvelebisTviso. bolnisi iseTi raionia, rom
    umetesoba TaTrebi cxovroben ajnydnen da bolnisi unda CaegdoT xelSi da rusTavisTvis unda
    daerqvaT ,,borCalo", omi undodaT magaT. Cven qveyanaSi iyvnen da kidev Cven
    gveomebodnen. iqidan moyveba es wyevlebi da ubedurebebi, ramdenadac gadmocemiT da
    monayolebidan vici, is ojaxi, romelic ZaliT gaagdes, daiwyevla da veravin am saxlSi ver xarobs,
    raRac mizezis gamo.

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      Sereuli jgufSi - marneuli, bolnisi, axalcixe - sakmaod araerTgvarovani pozicia gamoixata. rac,
       xSir SemTxvevaSi, istorias braldeba: yvela erovneba misaRebia, oRond normaluri pirovneba
       iyos...marneulSi somxebTan ufro vkontaqtobT, Cven vidre azerbaijanelebTan. azerbaijanelebTan
       elementaruli konfliqti rom mogviva, somxebic Cven gverdze gvidganan... magaT istoriuli dava
       aqvT sul~. `me ufro azerbaijanelebi midganan mxarSi, vidre somxebi, imitom rom somexi
       CemTvis yovelTvis aferistia...sxvaTaSoris es istoriulicaa. me istorias sakmaod kargad vicnob da
       xSirad yofilan saqarTvelos Ralatis mizezi somxebi...me piradad maqvs gamocdileba somxebis
       Ralatis. Sempirdnen da ar gamikeTes. erTi biWi gvyavs megobari, davuZaxeT somexoo da
       gagvibrazda nu meZaxiTo, mwyinso, mTavaria sisxli aqvs somxuri~.
      Sereuli jgufis pozicias, (rac bunebrivicaa) marneulelebic iziareben, im TvalsazrisiT, rom ar
       xedaven gansxvavebas erovnebebs Soris. `ar aris problema, piradad me myavs bevri megobari
       somexi, qarTveli da azerbaijaneli. me vTvli yvela ers yavs kargic da cudic, amitom ar SeiZleba
       Tqva es eri kargia da es cudi~. `mec ase vTvli, me bevri megobari myavs azerbaijaneli, somexi da
       rusi~. `rusebTan ufro karg megobrobaSi varT da somxebTan, imitom rom kultura da
       sarwmunoeba gvaqvs erTi. kultura ara gvaqvs mTlad erTi, magram Zaan gavs da ufro raRac
       gaxsnilobac aris. magram esec aris, rom Zmakacebi ufro meti myavs azerbaijanlebi, rusebzec da
       somxebzec da es imas ar niSnavs, rom somxebi jobian azerbaijanlebs an piriqiT. kaci yvelgan aris
       da cudi yvelgan aris.~ yvela erovnebas Tavisi naklovaneba aqvs, iseve rogorc yvela adamians.
       yvela erSia kargic da cudic, Senzec aris damokidebuli. Tumca iyo gamonaklisebic - qarTvelebTan
       varCevdi urTierTobas, magram sawyeni rom ar iyos, azerbaijanlebTan ver vewyobiT qarTvelebi.
       Zaan patara, magram mainc aris uaryofiTi muxti.
ninowminda - yvela, sxva sakiTxia azerbaijanlebi, yarabaxis gamo.
axalqalaqi - sasurvelia viyo somexi, misaRebi: rusebi, somxebi, qarTvelebi da amerikelebi
ar viqnebodi Turqi, Cineli. miuRebelia Turqebi da yvela musulmani.
axlcixe-ninowminda: `sul erTia, yvelaze axlobeli CvenTvis qarTvelia. maTi mTavari Tviseba
stumarTmoyvareobaa. Zalian keTilebi arian da Zalian patiosnebi. magram aseTi politikis warmoeba ar
SeiZleba, bolos da bolos eris sircxvilia da is mezoblebi, romlebic ramdenime 100 wlis manZilze
mSvidobianad cxovrobdnen, daiwyeben konfliqts. ar SeiZleba, rom prezidentisa da parlamentis gamo
udanaSaulo xalxi wakido erTmaneTs. me megobrebi myavs qarTvelebi, yvela wynarad ijda da Tavis
saqmes akeTebda. SevardnaZis dros konfliqtebi ar iyo, magram iyo korufcia maRal doneze. kargiT
xalxno, SevardnaZis dros ar gindodaT SevardnaZe, iZaxodiT araswor politikas ewevao. is ar exeboda
naciopnalur sakiTxebs.~
ra erovnebis warmomadgenels moiyvandi colad an gaTxovdebodi da ra erovnebis
warmomadgenelTan ar Seqmnidi ojaxs.



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   bolnisisis jgufis warmomadgenlebi ojaxis Seqmnas SesaZleblad Tvlian ZiriTadad qarTvelTan,
    Tumca iyo gansxavavebuli pasuxebic: `Tu gamosavali ar aris.. CemTvis misaRebia, magaliTad,
    somexi~. Aseve xSirad gamoiTqmeboda neitraluri xasiaTis damokidebulebebi: `mniSvneloba ara
    ar aqvs CemTvis erovnebas. mTavaria, pirovneba iyos, vuyvarde da miyvardes~. uaryofiTi
    Sinaarsis Sefasebebi aqac sarwmunoebasTan kavSirSi gamoiTqmeboda: ~TaTars namdvilad ver...
    sarwmunoebis mixedviT SesaZlebelia problema gaCndes da daingres ojaxi. ufro is Tu gadmova
    da iqneba qristiani da qristianul wesebiT icxovrebs. maSin SeiZleba sxva erovnebisa SeirTo. iyo
    ojaxi, romelSic gogo musulmans gayva colad da Zalian didi kamaTi mouvidaT rogor moenaTlaT
    bavSvi, gasaTvaliswinebelia. Tu uyvarT erTmaneTi da sarwmunoebas, me vTvli, ara aqvs
    gadamwyveti mniSvneloba. me sxvanairad vityvi, azerbaijanlebs aqvT problema somxebTan~.
   Sereuli jgufis warmomadgenlebi (marneuli-bolnisi-axalcixe) faqtiurad bolnisis jgufis monawileTa
    azrs iziareben, Tumca ekamaTebian azrs qarTvelis sxva erovnebis da miTumetes gansxvavebuli
    sarwmunoebis adamianTan ojaxis Seqmnis Sesaxeb. maTi msjeloba ufro nacionalistur elfers
    atarebs. maTi azriT, ojaxi umjobesia qarTvelTan Seqmna: ~marto qarTvelTan... da italielTan~.
    `Cemi azriT yvela erovnebis warmomadgeneli normaluri iyos da giyvardes. warmoidgine Sen rom
    gayve TaTars Seni adaT-wesic unda daiviwyo da gadaxvide imis sarwmunoebaze da es yvelaferi
    unda gaiTvaliswino. erT magaliTs mogiyvanT - olivers da ekas. oliveri germanelia eka qarTveli,
    eka isev qristiania, marTalia oliveric qristiania, magram kaTolike. xSir SemTxvevaSi qali
    gadadis... qarTvelebi Txovdebian somxebze. somexis ori qarTveli rZali erTmaneTs rom
    Sexvdeba, qarTulad ar saubroben, ...aRar davrCebiT qarTvelebi. sami kinkila adamiani varT.
    marneulSi rom viyavi Zalian daTrgunuli wamovedi iqidan, imitom rom suyvela rusulad
    laparakobda da qarTuli ena saerTod ar ismoda. ici, ra cudad gavxdi?! meTqi saqarTveloSi ar var.
    roca gaTxovebaze midgeba saqme da ojaxis Seqmnaze maSin ukve marTlmadidebeli mirCevnia
    yvelas. SeiZleba gayve da is Tavis religiaze darCes Sen Sensaze~.
   SedarebiT liberaluri damokidebuleba aqvT marneulelebs. qarTvelis garda meuRlis rolSi isini
    moiazreben amerikelsac da evropelebsac: frangs, inglisels, germanels da russ - `Tu giyvars
    mniSvneloba ar aqvs. yvelasTan, yvela erTnairia~ Tumca rogorc sxva jgufis warmomadgenlebi,
    marneuleli qarTveli axalgazrdebic aseve kategoriulad winaaRmdegni arian azerbaijanelebTan
    daojaxebisa, vinaidan: `maT gansxvavebuli wesebi aqvT da Tavis wesebiT cxovroben. xSirad
    aseTi ojaxebi ingreva. pirvel rigSi aq aris religiuri sxvaoba, Cven qristianebs da mahmadianebs
    naklebi Sexeba gvaqvs. Cven Cveni salocavi gvaqvs, imaT imaTi. esеsawyeni aravisTvis ar unda
    iyos, Tundac igive kaTolikebTan, ar gamodis.~ religiuri faqtors imdenad didi datvirTva aqvs, rom
    qarTveli monawileebi svanebs SecdomiT mahmadianebad moixsenieben ~CemTvis yoelTvis
    jobia meuRle qarTveli iyos, svanic qarTvelia, magram svanTan ara, imitom rom yovelTvis qmris
    ojaxi ... daaZalebs qals sarwmunoeba Seicvalos da mere qali iZulebulia. CvenTan eklesia

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    mahmadianelTan urTierTbas da daojaxebas krZalavs. megobroba, muSaoba da dasveneba ki
    SeiZleba mTavari gagebaa.~ am TvalsazrisiT arasasurvel partniorebad aseve dasaxelnen somexi
    erovnebis warmomadgenlebic.
   marneuleli azerbaijaneli monawileebis damokidebuleba sxva erovnebis warmomadgenlebTan
    sakmaod araerTgvarovania, gansakuTrebiT maSin, rodesac saqme exeba ojaxis Seqmnas.
    erTeulebi asaexleben faqtebs, sadac azerbaijaneli da qarTveli daqorwindnen da bednieri ojaxi
    Seqmnes. maTi azriT Sereuli ojaxebis winaaRmdegi maTi winaprebi iyvnen da uaryofiT
    konteqstSi gansakuTrebiT somexi erovnebis warmomadgenlebs moiazrebdnen: `nebismier
    erovnebasTan SeiZleba normaluri ojaxis Seqmna, erTaderTi problemebia somex erovnebasTan da
    cotaTi rusebTan. Cveni Taoba sxvanairad uyurebs amas. Cveni mSoblebi, Cveni babuebi ar
    uWerdnen mxars roca sxva erovnebis warmomadgenlTan xdeboda qorwineba. ra Tqma umda
    yvelaze kargia Senive erovnebis warmomadgenelTan daojaxeba, magram sadac aris siyvaruli iq ar
    aris problemebi~. rusi erovnebis warmomadgenlebis mimarT araerTgvarovani damikidebuleba
    gamoixateboda. rig SemTxvevaSi azerbaijaneli monawileebi gamoTqvamdnen am erovnebis
    warmomadgenlebTan ojaxis Seqmnis survils.
   somexi erovnebis marneuleli monawileebic sakmaod radikalurebi aRmoCndnen sxva erovnebebis
    mimarT. maT momavali meuRlis rolSi upirveles yovlisa sakuTar erovnebis warmomadgeneli
    yavT moazrebuli, ukidures SemTxvevaSi qarTveli-qristiani da warmoudgenlad miaCniaT
    azerbaijanelTan ojaxis Seqmna - `azerbaijanlebs ki sarwmunoeba sul sxvanairi aqvT.
    SeuTavsebelia ... ganxeTqileba iqneba.~
   unda aRiniSnos marneuleli azerbaijaneli monawileebis erTi jgufis ukiduresad radikaluri
    damokidebuleba sxva erovnebis warmomadgenelTan ojaxis Seqmnis TvalsazrisiT. maT momavali
    meuRlis rolSi mxolod azerbaijaneli warmoudgeniaT: `ar minda Seurio Cemi sisxli ucxos,
    qristianuls. Cven sruliad gansxvavebuli religia gvaqvs. qristianebs es rogorRac SeuZliaT –
    qarTvelebi mihyvebian somxebs da piriqiT, CvenTan ase ar aris. CvenTan azerbaijaneli –mxolod
    azerbaijanels uwyvildeba da aravis azerbaijanelis garda.~ me mxolod azerbaijanels moviyvandi,
    sxvas aravis. mec – azerbaijanels,... sxva qveyanaSi Tu wavidodi ki. aq marneulSi, me mgoni, ar
    aris saSualeba sxva erovnebasTan davqorwinde. Cems ojaxSi sxva erovnebis warmomadgeneli ar
    aris, yvela azerbaijanelia.~
   sakmaod mZafri reqciT gamoexmaura imave jgufis qarveli monawile azerbaijanelTa mxridan
    gamoTqmul mosazrebas da maT orpirebi uwoda: ` qarTveli var da siyvaruli iseTi raRacaa
    winaswar ver vityvi. amaT gadaWriT Tqves rom qarTvels ar moviyvan, marto
    azerbaijanels...Cems skolaSi 200-300 biWia. aravis ar uyvars azerbaijaneli gogo. da dasdeven
    qarTvelebs. qarTveli gogoebi Zalian bevri uyvarT azerbaijanelebs. azerbaijanlebi iq sul
    sxvanairad iZaxian, aq sul sxvanairad da is rom bevrni arian orpiri xalxi ~

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      ninowmindas warmomadgenlebi ojaxis Seqmnisas prioritets sakuTar erovnebas aniWeben:
       `somexs, Cemi mSobliuri enaa, unda vugebdeT erTmaneTs, wesCveulebebi erTi gvaqvs, erTi
       kultura~, aseve pozitiur Sefasebas am TvalsazrisiT aZleven qarTvelsa da russ: `qarTvelebi
       lamazebi arian, rusebic. somexma unda moiyvanos qarTveli, rom Seerion~. miuxedavad imisa,
       rom zogierTi monawile ar cdilobda erovnuli niSniT diferencirebas da ojaxs Seqmnas
       mizanSewonilad miiCnevda `yvelasTan, vinc mogvewoneboda~, mainc uaryofdnen Turqs, zangs
       da musulmans.
      axalqalaqeli axalgazrdebi aqcents adamianur Tvisebebze akeTeben: `kargi adamiani iyos. roca
       Segiyvardeba ojaxsac nebismierTan Seqmni. yvelgan arian kargi da cudi adamianebi. me mgonia
       Tu giyvars es yvelaferia. me qarTveli gogo miyvars da imas ar vuyvarvar~, Tumca gamoyofen
       ojaxis Seqmnis TvalsazrisiT sasurvel erovnebebs: `somexi, qarTveli, rusi, amerikeli~. am mxriv
       miuRebel erovnebebs Soris dasaxelda Turqi, radgan maTi azriT `yvela Turqi teroristia~, aseve
       musulmani da iaponlebi, `wvrilTvalebebi, wminda garegnuli~ faqtoris gamo.
      Sereuli jgufis - axalcixe-ninowmindas somexi erovnebis axalgazrdebi upiratesobas meuRlis rolSi
       sakuTari erovnebis warmomadgenels aniWeben `mxolod somexTan viqorwinebdi, radgan
       CemTvis axloblebi arian~. Tumca erTeuli pasuxebi neirtaluri xaisiaTs atarebda `imas moviyvan,
       vinc meyvareba da ara aqvs mniSvneloba ra erovnebis iqneba, mTavaria adamiani iyos kargi;
       CemTvisac ara aqvs mniSvneloba, radgan dedaCemi qarTvelia, mamaCemi somexi, adamiani
       iyos adamiani da mniSvneloba ara aqvs ra erovnebisaa~. igive azrs iziarebdnen qarTveli
       monawileebic: `qarTveli var. RmerTi rogorc ganagebs, me vis gavyvebi, mniSvneloba rogor ara
       aqvs. ufro minda gavyve qarTvels.~
   ukiduresad uaryofiT kategoriaSi aqac Turqebi dasaxeldnen. mizezad axalgazrdebi genocids
   asaxeleben, Tanac es erovnuli niSani xasiaTobriv mankierebasTanac asocirdeba, rogoric aris
   siZunwe: `ar moviyvan Turqs da Zunws... Turqebs ver vitanT genocidis gamo. garda amisa, isini ar
   cnoben genocids, es ki upativcemlobaa.~
romel religiur aRmsareblobas uWerT mxars da TqvenTvis misaRebi da miuRebeli religiuri
aRmsareblobebi

      axalcixeli qarTveli monawileebisaTvis misaRebi religiuri aRmsareblobaa marTlmadidebloba:
       `marTals vadidebT~ da qristianuli religiidan gamomdinare zogadad qristianoba, kaTolikoba,
       `imitom rom cota axlos aris marTlmadideblobasTan~. `qarTveli morwmune Tu ar aris, amas
       mniSvneloba ara aqvs, magram roca igi Tavis momaval beds irCevs igi yovelTvis cdilobs rom
       mainc iyos qristiani~. gregorianeloba (yvela es religiuri mimdinareoba gavrcelebulia samcxe-
       javaxeTSi). Tumca unda aRiniSnos, rom monawileebs erevaT religiuri da eTnikuri
       mikuTvnebulobebi da xSirad moixsenieben: `misaRebia kaTolikuri eri da marTlmadidebluri eri,
       radgan es religia modis Sua saukuneebdan (IV saukunidan). seqtebi miuRebelia, ori saukunea rac
                                                                                                        39
    isini Camoyalibdnen da mainc Tavisas gaiZaxian da raRaceebs akeTeben misaRebia isev
    qristianebi~. amasTanave, axalgazrdebi did mniSvnelobas aniWeben sarwmunoebis mimarT
    erTgulebas: `vafaseb yvela adamians romelsac Tavisi RmerTis swams da morwmunea~
   gansakuTrenul miuReblobas axalcixeli qarTveli monawileebi gamoxataven ieRovlebisa da
    sxvadasxva seqtebis mimarT da maT Tavsmoxveul religias uwodeben: `Zaldatanebul
    sarwmunoebas ver vitan, miuRebulia ieRovelebi, budistebi, kerpTayvanismcemlebi.
    sazRvargareT naTesavebma mogvces wigni ieRovelebze..davfliTe es wigni da Cavagde nagvis
    yuTSi~. `budistebs Tavisi tradiciebi aqvT da sulis gadarCenisTvis ibrZvian. iq aravin ar
    SegiTrevs, iq aqeT unda Seexvewo rom migiRon imxela tradiciebi aqvT. es ieRovelebi ieriSze
    modian da tvins gilayeben~. rogorc aRiniSna, monawileebi xSirad ureven konfesionalur da
    eTnikur mikuTvnebulobas. mag. `ar miyvars ebraeli xalxi. ebraelebma xom gayides TaviaTi
    RmerTi, imitom arian dawyevlilni da dRemdec itanjebian~ Tumca ebraelebis mimarT
    ambivalentur damokidebulebasac gamoxataven: `ebraelebs magis gamo ar verCi, mecodebian,
    pirvelebi xom isini iyvnen marTlmadideblebi, qristianebi. marto erTma uRalata, im TerTmetma
    xom ar uRalata Tavis RmerTs.~ aseve miuRebelia maTTvis musulmanebi. monawileTa
    gadmocemiT: `mZRoli gviyveboda, rom muSaobda romeliRaca firmaSi. ufrosi iyo Turqi. igi
    aZalebda rom pirjvari ar gadaewera. eubneboda ar gadaiwero pirjvari da xelfass mogimatebo, uari
    uTxra da wamovida~. `musulmanebi miuRebeli imitom arian, rom sul sxvagvari mrwamsi aqvT.
    isini aRiareben TavianTi RmerTs, qristes mociqul, muhameds, aqvT iseTi Cvevebi, romelic
    sruliad miuRebelia qarTuli sazogadoebisTvis. rasac, magaliTad, qristianuli sarwmunoeba
    aRiarebs, is piriqiT, gmobs. Qristianebisagan gansxvavebiT musulmanebi saerTod krZalaven
    sasmelis miRebas, Roris xorcis Wamas da Tevzis Tavisac, imitom rom jvaria Sig gamosaxuli.
    vaJkacisTvis miuRebeli Tvisebebi gaaCniaT musulmanobas - krZalavs Rvinis dalevas, qarTul
    eklesiaSi saWiroa mxolod da mxolod erTxel mamakacsa da qals Soris qorwineba da jvriswera.
    musulmanuri sarwmunoeba amas sruliad ugulvebelyofs. erT mamakacs SeuZlia ramdenime coli
    hyavdes. Sahabass magaliTad, samasi colic ki hyavda. musulmanebsa da qristianebs
    gansxvavebuli religiac aqvT da sarwmunoebac. Tu moxdeba saqarTveloSi musulmanebis da
    qarTvelebis erTad dasaxleba maSin adamianebs xom SeiZleba marTlmadidebels da musulmans
    Seuyvardes erTmaneTi. am SemTxvevaSi, vTqvaT, qarTvelma qalma unda gamoicvalos
    sarwmuoeba musulmani gaxdes, rom SeeZlos am kacTan SeuRleba. maSin wavidoda
    sarwmunoebis erTmaneTSi gacvla-gamocvla.~ `arian kidevac iseTi adamianebi, romlebic Tavis
    sarwmunoebas fulzec yidian da ukan ar daxeven... xom iyvnen egeTi adamianebi, magram iseTi
    adamianebic xom iyvnen, romlebic sarwmunoebisTvis ewamnen~
   bolniseli monawileebi SedarebiT tolerantobas iCenen sxvadasxva religiuri mimdinareobebis
    mimarT da gansxvavebas mxolod ritualebSi xedaven: `amas mniSvneloba ara aqvs. mTavaria,

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    rom RmerTi gvwamdes. RmerTi yvela adamianisTvis erTia da ieRovlebi da sxvadasxva
    mimdinareobebi Tavis enaze amboben locvas. yvela adamians aqvs Tavisi sarwmunoeba da me
    ver vityvi Sen es unda airCio da Sen is. yvela adamians aqvs amis ufleba~. `Cveni centris
    direqtorma (sarwmunoebiT luTerani) kargi sityva Tqva: qristianuli sarwmunoeba aris erTi saxli,
    aqvs sxvadasxva oTaxebi da romelSic ginda Sexval mniSvneloba ara aqvs~.
   Tumca miuRebel religiur kategoriebs bolniselebic asaxeleben. maTTvisac ieRovlebi, seqtebi da
    musulmanebia miuRebeli: `marTmadidebeli qristiani var da ieRovlebisa da saerTod seqtebis
    winaaRmdegi var~, `CemTvis baptistebi arian miuReblebi.~ `musulmanebsa da qarTvelebs Soris
    mainc saerTo verasdros ver gamoinaxeba, Tu ara saqmiani urTierToba... biZaCemi mRvdelia
    mounaTlia ramdenime TaTari marneulSi qristianad, amis gamo TaTrebma Suri iZies da mkvdari
    ZaRli Camoukides eklesiis ezoSi da ase miayenes Seuracxyofa. musulmanze is SemiZlia vTqva
    rom, moinaTla bevri nacnobi, magram mere magaT ojaxebSi Zaan didi problemebi wamoiWra.
    TiTqmis yvela naTesavma uaryo isini.~ es absoluturad normaluria, arc me ar momwons aseTi
    ram. magaliTad, myavs naTesavi romelic iyo qristiani da uceb gaxda ieRoveli. es CemTvis
    absoluturad dauSvebelia da miuRebeli. sad iyvnen ierovelebi roca Cveni sarwmunoeba arsebobda.
    jvariT xelSi brZolebs vigebdiT. dResdReobiT msoflioSi umravlesoba aris musulmani da Cven
    qristianebi viTvlebiT ukve, TiTqmis umciresobaSi, ra Tqma unda, rom moinaTleba qristianad.
    kargia is, rom kidev erTi pirovneba Semogemata, es ukmayofilebas iwvevs musulmanebSi,
    CemTvis misaRebia.
   Sereuli jgufis marneuli-bolnisi-axalcixe monawileebic bunebrivia, msgavss mosazrebas
    gamoTqvamen: `me magaliTad somxur eklesiaSi viyavi da veranairi gansxvaveba ver davinaxe
    somxur da qarTul eklesiebs Soris. gansxvaveba aris yovelTvis, xatebSi, ritualebSi. pirjvars Cven
    da somxebi sxavdasxvanairad viwerT~. ~pirvel rigSi CvenTvis misaRebia, marTmadidebeli,
    Tumca kaTolikec qristiania. Tu ar miyvars me Cemi religia, ver Seviyvareb sxvas. yvelas Tavisi
    religia da sarwmunoeba aqvs... unda daafaso sxvac, RmerTi ar mapatiebs imas, rom me SevuSale
    mas xeli. religiis mxriv ar varCev adamianebs. magaliTad, kaTolikes da marTmadidebels. roca
    gaTxovebaze midgeba saqme da ojaxis Seqmnaze, maSin, ukve marTlmadidebeli mirCevnia
    yvelas, qarTveli marTlmadidebeli. qarTveli SeiZleba iyos kaTolikec. berZnebic
    marTlmadideblebi arian. arc erTi ar vuSliT erTmaneTs xels, arc azerbaijanelebi...~ da
    miuxedavad msgavsi mimReblobisa, ZiriTadad mainc polireligiuri sivrcis winaaRmdeg
    gamoTqvamen mosazrebas: `eqvsi Svidi eklesia mainc aris irgvliv da SuaSi aris meCeTi
    moqceuli. roca locva mimdinareobs CvenTan, dReSi samjer yviris mola. eklesiaSi molas xma
    Semodis, Tundac sionSi, Tundac metexSi. egre aris axalcixeSi somxebis eklesia, magram ara
    mgonia vinmes amis raime problema hqondes. sxvaTaSoris, davac ki iyo ivlites kaTolikur
    eklesiaze. qarTvelebma daiwyes am taZris mSenebloba, somxebma daamTavres da ver iyofen~.

                                                                                                   41
   marneuli azerbaijaneli monawileebi sxva religiebis mimarT neitralur an mcired dadebiT
    damokidebulebas gamoxataven da upiratesobas sakuTar, musulmanur religias aniWeben - `yvelas
    Tavisi sarwmunoeba aqvs da ver ityvi rom es religia aseTia da es iseTi. pativs unda scemde sxvis
    religias. CvenTvis musulmanobaa misaRebi.~ ` gansxvaveba ar aris. CemTvis kargi adamiani
    karga, cudi – cudi~. `misaRebia musulmanoba, sxvebi ar mainteresebs~. `RmerTi yvelasTvis
    erTia CvenTvis musulmanebisaTvis sul erTia, yvela misaRebia, yvela Taviseburad loculobs,
    samuSaoSi ar aris problema, ojaxis Seqmnisas Cndeba problema.~
   marneuleli qarTveli monawileebic iziareben azerbaijanelebis gamoTqmul azrs: `yvelaze win
    davayenebdi erovnebas ki ara religias. me var qarTveli qristiani marTlmadidebeli, magram daviT
    aRmaSenebeli, romelic amdeni weli ebrZoda musulmanebs, isic ki qeds ixrida, maTi salocavebis
    winaSe. isic midioda meCeTSi salocavad da iq loculobda. pativiscemaa imaT religiisadmic da
    Seni religiisadmi. mec pativs vcem, magram misaRebi qristianobaa - marTlmadidebloba.~
    `CemTvis yvela sarwmunoeba misaRebia, radgan Cven qristianuli sarwmunoeba gvaswavlis, rom
    yvela religia misaRebia da rom pativi unda vceT adamianTa uflebebs , magram daojaxebaze rom
    midgeba saqme maSin mdgomareoba rTuldeba~. gamoiTqva odnav gansxvavebuli azric -
    `magaliTad, bevr russ qarTvelebi ar uyvars konfliqtis gamo, magram Cven erTi sarwmunoeba
    gvaqvs, rasac ieRovelebze da mahmadianebze ver vityvi~
   ninowmindisa da axalqalaqis monawileebi ukiduresad uaryofiT damokidebulebas Turqebis
    mimarT gamoTqvamen. aqac konfesionaluri da eTnikuri mikuTvnebulobebis areva xdeba: `
    Turqebi iyvenen somxebis mtrebi, somxebi ar daTanxmdebian TurqebTan megobrobaze.
    musulmanebi ar gviyvars, ufro sworad Turqebi, genocides gamo, es samudamo tkivilia~.
   miuRebeli jgufebis fonze, SedarebiT pozitiurad saxva danarCeni aRmsareblobebi gamoiyureba,
    gansakuTrebiT ninowmindas SemTxvevaSi, rasac monawileebi xsnian mravalreligiur sivrceSi
    cxovrebiT: `misaRebi qristianebi, Cven marTlmadideblebi varT, grigorianelebi, kaTolikebi,
    ebraelebic iyvnen CvenTan duxoborebic, magram axalgazrdebi miemgzavrebian saSovarze, marto
    moxucebi darCnen.~
   Sereul, axalcixe-ninowmindas jgufSi sapirispirod, musulmanebis mimarT simpatia gamoixata, rac
    monawileebma serialebis zegavleniT axsnen: `momwons musulmanebi, isini lamazad cekvaven.
    isini Zalian morwmuneebi arian 5-jer loculoben, mkacri wesebi aqvT. mxolod mciredi
    diskriminaciaa qalebsa da kacebs Soris. rwmena umaRles doneze aqvT, ufro vidre qristianebs,
    miuxedavad imisa, rom mec qristiani var. me vinc Semiyvardeboda imas moviyvandi colad,
    oRond kanonier qorwinebaSi viqnebodi da sarwmunoebas ar Sevicvlidi.
   imave Sereul jgufSi mxolod erTeulebma daasaxeles miuRebeli musulmani. aq ufero qarTvelebis
    mimarT gamoixata agresia: `somxur eklesiebSi amboben, rom gregorianuli eklesia undaT
    gadaaqcion qarTul eklesiad. CvenTan iyo aseTi SemTxveva, daba did samsaraSi undodaT eklesis

                                                                                                  42
      Secvla da Cxubi iyo. eklesiis gamo amxela Cxubi Tu warmoiSva daxocaven erTmeneTs. Semdeg
      axalqalaqSi qarTul skolebSi somexma bavSvebma specialurad Caamtvries fanjrebi, gazeTebSic
      daweres. sworadac moiqcnen, vinaidan qarTvelebi somxuri eklesiis maxloblad ormos Txridnen,
      rom Tavisiani daekrZalaT. es sapasuxod moxda da Tuki aseTi politika gagrZelda pasuxic ufro
      masiuri da sastiki iqneba, SeiZleba omic iyos~.
rogor davaxasiaTebdiT calke qarTvels, somexs da azerbaijanels?

         axalcixeli monawileebi qarTvels Semdegi niSnebiT axasiaTebdnen: `tradiciebis moyvaruli da
          mimdevrebi, morwmune Sesabamisad. stumarTmoyvareni, kargi moqeife xalxia. mxiarulebi,
          niWierebi. Cveni cekva yvelas aognebs, yvela qveynas. amayebi, Sromismoyvareebic varT.
          Zalian Tbili xalxia qarTvelebi. qedmouxrelebi arian, ver itanen sxvis monobas. xelgaSlilia.
          yvela uyvars. Tavisi qarTuli tradiciebidan gamomdinare. Aseve, ojaxis moyvaruli, moqeifec,
          msmelic. ufro ganaTlebuli xalxia. yvela mxriv Zalian kargi xalxia. qarTveli deda akvnidanve
          bavSvs zrdis da aCvevs imas, rom is unda iyos stumarTmoyvare da yvela Tavis tradicias
          umxels. qarTveli eri saerTod aris megobruli, somxebi da azerbaijanelebi arian TavisTvis
          Caketilebi.
         qarTvelebis misamarTiT uaryofiTi Tvisebebic aRiniSna: `fexburTi rom iyo saqarTvelo-
          saberZneTi saSinlad iqceodnen, Semrcxva qarTveli rom viyavi. moqcevis wesi ara aqvT.
          saSineli ficxebi arian, cota ukulturo xalxia qarTvelebi varT Zalian zarmacebi, qarTveli kaci
          Savi dRisTvis saerTod ar inaxavs rames. fuls ki ar Seagrovebs, aiSenebs sasaxleebs, iyidis
          manqanebs da uceb Tu samsaxurs dakargavs, araferi ar gaaCnia. Zalian pativmoyvare xalxia.
          qarTvelebi vcxovrobT marto dRevandeli dRiT, qarTvelebi arian Zaan qedmaRlebi.
         qarTvelebs axalcixeli monawileebi somexi erovnebis warmoamdgenlebsac adareben. `diuma
          erT-erT nawarmoebSi aRniSnavda: qarTveli Tu erT sityvas getyvis, mas unda endo, magram
          somexis ara marto sityvis Tqmaa sakmarisi, aramed unda daweros xelwerili da sami ucxo
          adamianic daiswros. am SemTxvevaSic ki ar SeiZleba somxis ndoba~. aqve igrZnoba
          erTgvari ultimatumi sxva erovnebis warmomadgenlTa mimarT: `Cven ubralod unda
          movTxovoT rom daafason Cveni ena, Cveni sarwmunoeba. isini saqarTveloSi ramdenime
          xnis ganmavlobaSi cxovroben da somxurad ratom unda velaparako me Cems samSobloSi,
          saqarTveloSi. misi winapari ramdenime saukunis winaTac ki gadmovida, saqarTvelos
          teritoriaze. nuTuUar aris is valdebuli daafasos Cemi ena, tradiciebi, sarwmunoeba da Cemi
          samSoblo, romelmac amdeni weli Seinaxa, arCina da sacxovrebeli misca mas.~
         somxebsa da azerbaijanelebze saubrisas monawileebi orive erovnebas erTmaneTTn Sedarebis
          safuZvelze afaseben, maT pasuxebSi SeiniSneba informaciis simcire aRniSnul xalxebze:
          `somxebze Zalian cota informacia maqvs, magram Cemi mezoblebiT Tu vimsjelebT, ase
          mgonia, kargi xalxia, gulkeTili xalxi unda iyos. SeiZleba cota Surianobis momentic iyos
                                                                                                   43
somxebSi, erTmaneTis mimarT. yvela adamianSi aris Suris grZnoba. somxebze arc me var
kargad informirebuli. qalebi arian Zalian kargi mzareulebi. sxvaTaSoris, axalcixeSi Tuki
sadme kargi namcxvari keTdeba yvela somxis gakeTebulia. azerbaijanelebs namdvilad ar
vicnob, imitom rom aranairi Sexeba ar mqonda maTTan da arc informacia ar maqvs. rac
Seexeba somxebs da azerbaijanelebs isini Zalin gvanan erTmaneTs. ufro Sromismoyvareebi
arian somxebi da azerbaijaneli gaakeTeben imdens rasac qarTveli ar gaakeTebs. me ese
davaxasiaTeb: isini ufro Zunwebi arian. me vfiqrob, somexi da azerbaijaneli qalebi ufro
SezRudulebi arian vidre qarTvelebi. somexebs da azerbaijanelebs SeuZliaT Tavi daxaron.
somxebi da azerbaijanelebi arian Zalian wuwkebi. bevrs muSaoben, marneulSi isini
cxovrobdnen qoxmaxebi da fuls ki inaxaven da yiduloben oqroebs. somexebi da
azerbaijanelebi SorsmWvreteli xalxia. inaxaven fuls, zogaven, agroveben. qarTvelebi iseTi
eria Tu kargad daxvdi da Senc pativi eci aqeT ormag imden pativs gcemen. azerbaijanelebic
mag mxriv kargi xalxia. Tu dainaxes Seni pativiscema, isinic did pativs dagdeben. somxebma
magari pativiscema ician. somxebi da azerbaijanelebi Zunwebi arian, qarTvelebic arian
wuwkebi, somxebic da azerbaijanelebic da aravis ar SeuZlia zustad daaxasiaTos vin rogori
xalxia. somxebi iyurebian Sors. somxebisa da azerbaijanelebisTvis ar aqvs mniSvneloba ra
samuSaos Seasrulebs. sxvadasxva saxelmwifoebSi es anazRaureba maRalia da adamiani ufro
fasdeba, faqtiurad, egre aris. saqarTveloSi ar fasdeba adamiani da mcire Semosavali aqvT.
somxebis daxasiaTeba cota miWirs, imitom rom me ar maqvs axlo urTierToba. magram
Zalian gamWriaxi goneba aqvT somxebs. somxebi mxolod da mxolod gamorCenaze arian. Es
CemTvis miuRebelia yvelanairad. azerbaijanlebs rac Seexeba isini ZiriTadad sarwmunoebriv
niadagze arian CemTvis miuReblebi. azerbaijanelebTan kontaqti ar gvaqvs. somxebic arian
mxiaruli, raRac egeTi. yvelgan aris niWiT an raRaciT dajildoebuli. somxebi Tavis Tavze win
aravis daayeneben, gamorCenaze arian da ra ziani miayenon sxvas, oRond TavianTi Tavi
gadairCinon, magas fiqroben. somxebs rac Seexeba, somexma SeiZleba, ubralod, amxanagi,
Zmakaci SeiZleba gaWirvebaSi miatovon fulis gulisTvis. arsebobs iseTi somexi, me piradad
Semxvedria bevr qarTvelsac jobdes. banakSi myofi azerbaijanelebi Caketilebi arian, ar undaT
rom Semovidnen kontaqtSi, rom gaicno vTqvaT mezoblad gadmosuli somxebic, araviTar
SemTxvevaSi kontaqtSi TviTon ar Semovlian. Tqvenc rom mixvideT, SeiZleba raRacaze uari
giTxran kidevac. mTel quCaze deni rom ar iyos erTi Tve, aravin ar gava arsad. mezoblebi Tu
varT ocdaaTi ojaxi, ocdaxuTi somexia. xuTi kacis gulisTvis aravin ar CarTavs dens quCaze.
imaT ar anaRvlebT. SeiZleba iman gaiaros, ,,dviJoki" iyidos da CarTos da qondes deni.
qarTvelma SeiZleba ver iyidos da darCes isev udenod. SeiZleba am problemis mogvareba,
rom gavideT gareT, vTqvaT erTi sityva yvelam da naklebi gadavixadoT TveSi fuli, Tan
gvqondes saxelmwifosgan mocemuli deni. ratom unda viyidoT vTqvaT Zviri benzini, roca

                                                                                        44
    SeiZleba normalurad vicxovroT. araviTar SemTxvevaSi ar gamovlen gareT egeT
    SemTxvevaSi. somxebisTvis umTavresia fuli. somxebi ufro praqtikuli da gamWriaxi xalxia.
    magaliTad, qarTveli adamiani swavlobs diplomisaTvis. rom davfiqrdeT Tviuri Semosavali
    namcxvris mcxobel adamians ufro meti, aqvs vidre leqtors. asea axalcixeSi. elementarulad rac
    remonti keTdeba 95% albaT somxebi akeTeben. magaT urCevniaT fizikuri samuSao,
    urCevniaT ufro meti fuli aiRon vidre normalur samsaxurSi imuSaon.
   somxebis mimarT gamoTqmuli sakmaod araerTgvarovani daxasiaTebisas zogierTi monawile
    maT dacvas cdilobs: `mainc da mainc somxebze nu gveqneba saubari, agresiulad nu
    vaxsenebT, imitom, rom bevri ucxoelia, karga xnis, erTi-ori saukunis Camosuli, romelsac
    bebia-babuebic ki aqa hyavT dakrZaluli elementarulad qarTuli ar ician. marto qarTvelis
    TvaliT nu SevxedavT amas. Cven gvaqvs Cveni tradiciebi. imaTac, Taviseburad aqvT Tavisi
    tradiciebi. Cven vfiqrobT rom Cven gvaqvs Zaan kargi tradiciebi da asec aris. isinic igives
    fiqroben xom. es unda Seafasos sxvam~
   igive azrs bolniselebic iziareben: `erovnebis mixedviT me mgonia adamianabis daxasiaTeba
    Zalian Zneli iqneba, imitom, rom qarTvelSic da sxva erovnebaSic cudic arsebobs kargic da
    saSualoc~, Tumca upiratesobas mainc qarTvelebs aniWeben: `qarTvelebi arian Zalian
    stumarTmoyvareebi. uyvarT qeifi, mxiaruleba. gavrcelebulia. somexi, ufro, rogorc amboben
    aferisti, cbieri...~ `me var somexi, Cemi ojaxi maseTi ar aris, me verc yvelaze vityvi....
    azerbaijanlebSic arian stumarTmoyvareebi, mamakacebi calke jdebian, qalebi calke. TavianTi
    wesebi aqvT da ver arRveven. yoCaRebi arian, uyvarT muSaoba, kacebsac da qalebsac,
    Zalian uyvarT Sroma.~
   Sereul jgufSi axalcixe-bolnisi-marneuli faqtiurad igive azri viTrdeba:
`yvela erSi aris kargic da cudic. es kargi da cudi, ar aqvs mniSvneloba, yvela erTnairad aris kargi
da erTnairad aris cudi.~, Tumca SedarebiT uaryofiTad somexi erovnebis warmomadgenlebs
axasiaTeben. erT-erTi qarTveli monawile aRniSnavs rom mas somexma gogonam daabrala im
nivTis gatexa romelic Tavad daaziana. `me klaseli myavda, somexi da yovelTvis sadme rom
mivdiodiT imas cdilobda CvenTvis is dRe gaefuWebina~. `TviTon pirovnebazec aris
damokidebuli. me myavs kargi mezobeli somxebi. yvela erSi arsebobs kargic da cudic.~
`azerbaijaneli, albaT, Tu sikeTes gaukeTeb da is normaluri adamiania, Sansi ar aris roca
gagiWirdeba gverdiT ar amogidges. somexi aseTi qcevebiT ar gamoirCeva.~ am jgufSic gaJRerda
diumas mier gakeTebuli Sefaseba mciredi variaciiT: `al. diumas aqvs dawerili wigni ,,kavkasia"
werilis bolo furclebze wers samive eris Sesaxeb - somxebze wers, rom somexi iseTi eri ariso, rom
maTTan Tu ramis gakeTebas daapirebo unda waiyvano ori mowmeo, Torem matyuarebi ariano
Zalino. ar axasiaTebT kargad aferistebi arian da ar unda endoTo. azerbaijanelebze wers, rom iseTi
eri ariso, Tuo man SenSi dainaxa sikeTe sikeTiT gadagixdiso, yvelanairad amogidgeba gverdiTo.

                                                                                                45
Tu ar daanaxe, piriqiT, gaganadgurebso. qarTvelebze wers, rom asi amdeni wigni rom davwero,
mainc ver davaxasiaTeb magaT Tvisebebso~. aqve gamoiTqva saintereso mosazreba da sami
erovnebis fonze kuTxurobis Sefasebac gamoikveTa: `megrelebsa aqvT erTmaneTSi gatana.
megreli rom megrels Sexvdeba, yvelaferSi, gind icnobdes, gind ara, kargi adamiania cudi
adamiania, yvelaferSi amoudgeba mxarSi~.
   marneulelebis SefasebiT: `somxebi cbierebi arian, azerbaijanlebi Sromismoyvareebi,
    qarTvelebi mxiaruli da stumarTmoyvare. azerbaijanelebTan ufro kargi urTierToba maqvs.
    Zalian ar gamovyof, magram amaT ufro damyoli xasiaTi aqvT, somxebTan SeiZleba
    kontaqtSi Sevides, magram ufro sxvanairi xasiaTi aqvT. roca erTs gauWirdeba erTmaneTs
    daexmarebian, qarTvelebma es ar viciT, sul erTad arian. azerbaijanelebi meti arian. CvenTan,
    marneulSi azerbaijanelTan ufro advilad daamxanagdebi da dauaxlovdebi vidre somxebs.
    erTmaneTis Tanadgoma ician azerbaijanelebma. erTs rom gauWirdeba yvela daexmareba.
    qarTvelebma es ar ician. magram somxebs da qarTvelebs erTi religia aqvT, isinic qristianebi
    arian da Cvenc, es faqtoric moqmedebs. yvela erSia kargic da cudic, yvela erSi SeiZleba,
    rusSic moZebno Seni megobari. gansxvaveba enaSia da xalxi yvela erTnairia, gansxvaveba ar
    aris. daxasiaTebebi istoriidan modis da xalxis gamocdilebidan. somxebi moxerxebulebi rom ar
    iyvnen, yarabaxs rogor aiRebdnen? CemTvis gansxvaveba ar aris, kargi unda iyo da sxvac
    kargi iqneba. ra Tqma unda ar aris gansxvaveba - azerbaijanlebi, somxebi, qarTvelebi
    erTnairebi arian. Cem korpusSi bevri gogoa, azerbaijanlebi, roca saRamoTi saseirnoT
    mivdivarT CvenTan erTad ar dadia, rac Seexeba qarTvelebsa da somxebs megobrulad arian
    CvenTan. mTavaria xasiaTi hqondes kargi. samegobro da saaxloblo me mgoni aris mTavri,
    nacias ara qvs aranairi mniSvneloba. mTavaria iyos adamiani. mTavaria gaugoT erTmaneTs
    rogorc megobrebma. urTierTgageba, megobroba imaze mTavari aris romeli adamiani romeli
    religiis mimdevaria~. `me ver vmegobrob azerbaijanlebTan da kontaqts ver vamyareb.
    uaryofiTi gancdebi meufleba amaTTan da megobrobas mniSvneloba ara aqvs, magram
    vimegobrebdi ufro rusTan da somexTan. marTalia, somexTan Sexeba ara maqvs, arc
    azerbaijanelTan. ase mgonia CxubisTavebi da raRacnairi buntis wamomwyebi eseni arian~.
    `azerbaijanlebi saRamos saxlSi arian. qarTvelebi Wkvianebic arian da ganuviTareblebic,
    Wkvianebi saRamoTi saxlSi Semodian da danarCenebi gvianobamde gareT rCebian. Tumca
    azerbaijaneli gogonebi yvelaze adre Sedian saxlebSi. qarTvelebis umravlesoba Tavs
    stumarTmoyvared daaxasiaTebda. sxva erovnebis warmomadgenlebi ki daeTanxmebodnen,
    Tumca stumarTmoyvareebi azerbaijanlebic arian.~
   ninowmindeli da axalqalaqeli monawileebi iziareben azrs, rom samive erovneba erTmaneTs
    gavs da calcalke daxasiaTeba Znelia: `rodesac Cven vsaubrobT somxebze, qarTvelebze da
    azerbaijanlebze, isini uZvelesi Zmebi arian da erTad unda iyvnen, saerTo ena monaxon

                                                                                             46
          darCnen megobrebad. azerbaijanlebs cxovrebis sxva wesi aqvT. isini keTilebi, sisufTavis
          moyvarulebi, xelgaSlilebi da Wkvianebi arian. qarTvelebsa da somxebs Sorisac arian
          keTilebic da borotebic. mTlianobaSi ar SeiZleba daxasiaTeba. keTilebic arian da sulelebic,
          konkretulad ver gamohyof. erTi adamiani rames cuds Caidens da es mTel erze vrceldeba,
          magaliTad is, rom somxebi cudebi arian. vinmes Tu samsaxurSi movawyob, ityvian somxebi
          keTilebi arian.~ `aq me vurTierTob azerbaijanlebTan da qarTvelebTan yvela momwons, Cven
          erTmaneTs vgavarT, sityvebic ki gvaqvs erTnairi: mawoni, Cangali, Saqari, yvelani
          musikalurebi varT, temperamentiTac vgavarT erTmaneTs, Zalian momwons azerbaijanlebi da
          qarTvelebi. simarTle rom vTqva, saerTod ar mqonda urTierToba azerbaijanlebTan
          warmomedgina, rom arakontaqturebi da aramegobrulebi iyvnen. sxva tansacmelSi
          warmomedgina, rogorc `klonSi~. megona rom SuadRisas locvas daiwyebdnen, SesaZloa
          loculoben da Cven ver vxedavT. azerbaijanlebs imdenad me ar vicnob. somexma SeiZleba
          yvelaferi gaakeTos, ikadros. samuSaos Sesaxeb vambob da qarTvelma ara, ar kadruloben.
          aseTi daxasiaTebebi televizoridan modis, sadac musulmanebi teroristebi, Cven gviCveneben
          rogor icvamen, rogor loculoben isini. me ar momwons maTi gamonaTqvami: mokali 10
          urwmuno da samoTxeSi moxvdebi~
         Sereul axalcixe-ninowmindas jgufSi qarTvelebs mTlianobaSi pozitiurad afasebdnen da xazs
          usvamdnen maT stumarTmoyvareobas, Tumca aqve miuTiTebdnen maTi azriT nakls - rusuli
          enis arcodnas: `qarTvelebi stumarTmoyvareni arian, magram minusic aqvT, rusulad vekiTxebi
          da qarTulad mpasuxoben, azerbaijanlebs saerTod ar vicnob. azerbaijanlebi megobrulebi da
          mxiarulebi arian.~ da miiCneven, rom sasurvelia qarTvelebma rusuli mainc icodnen, Tundac
          komunikaciis doneze: `inglisurs swrafad ver iswavlian da ver gaixdian saxelmwifo enad, unda
          gaiTvaliswinon, rom 10-15 welia rac sabWoTa kavSiri daiSala da saxelmwifo ena iyo rusuli.
          qarTvelebi megobrulebi arian, magram Tuki aseT politikas xelisufleba, xalxi dakargavs Tavis
          karg Tvisebas. somxebma ki yvelanair pirobebs gauZles, somxeTSi somxebi cxovroben
          genocidis Semdeg da SeinarCunes TavianTi tradiciebi, skolebi da eklesiebi. aq daiwyo
          zewola.~ am jgufis monawileebi xazgasmiT aRniSnaven gansakuTrebiT qarTvelebisa da
          somexi erovnebis gaerTianebis pozitiur momentebs, ramac istoriulad gadaarCinaT:
          `azerbaijanlebze SeiZleba Sevcde, magram qarTvelebsa da somxebze zustad vici -
          stumarTmoyvare, megobruli da urTierTdamxmare eria. da momavalSic rom SeZlon
          gaerTianeba iseTi mtris winaaRmdeg, rogoric iyo XXs-is dasawyisSi Turqebi, istoriam icis
          bevri faqti, rodesac iseeTi imperiebi, rogoric aris islamis, monRoleTis, CineTisa da arabTa
          xalifati daiSalnen da gadarCnen iseTi mcire saxelmwifoebi, rogoric aris saqarTvelo, somxeTi
          da azerbaijani da imedi maqvs momavalSic ase iqneba.~
calcalke rom davaxasiaToT saxelmwifoebi saqarTvelo, somxeTi da azerbaijani

                                                                                                  47
   saqarTvelos daxasiaTebisas ikveTeba garkveuli negatiuri motivebi, raSic axalcixeli axalgazrdebi
    saxelmwifos adanaSaulebdnen: `saqarTveloSi qarTveli kaci rogorc muSaobs, ise rom
    unazRaurdebodes     miliardeli   iqneba.   magram      saxelmwifom      saqarTvelo    daiyvana
    maTxovrobamde.~ magaliTad moyavT kulturis moRvaweebi - msaxiobebi, `egeni rom iyvnen
    amerikaSi Tavs igrZnobdnen rogorc adamiani. goderZi Coxelma xanjali Caica mucelSi, imitom
    rom maTxovris doneze daiyvana saxelmwifom~ `Cven varT maTxovrebi. mivdivarT amerikaSi
    da zangebTan vmuSaobT~. aseve moixsenies umaRlesi ganaTlebis mqone adamianebi, romlebic
    Sav muSad da taqsis mZRoliad muSaoben: `saxelmwifo ar gvaZlevs saSualebas, ruseTSi unda
    wavide da Sav muSad vimuSavebo. sazRvargareT uSevari adamiani Zalian mcirea da
    saqarTveloSi umuSevrebis ricxvi Warbobs momuSave adamianebis ricxvs~
   bolnisielebis azriT adre iyo saqarTvelos, somxeTs da azerbaijans Soris urTierToba da exla
    mtroben erTmaneTs, gansakuTrebiT somxeTi da azerbaijani. cal-calke daxasiaTebiT:
    `saqarTvelo axla aris aRorZinebaSi. somxeTi da azerbaijani TiTqmis ukve aRorZinebulebi. .
    saqarTvelo iqamde ar aris misuli. yvelaze win azerbaijania ekonomiurad da sxva sferoebSic.
    sisufTaveSi, garemos dacvaSi ver dageTanxmebiT, rom isini pirvelebi iyvnen. Camosulebi
    iyvnen azerbaijanidan da zRva binZuriao, mazuTiani da taotianio. quCebSi sul qaRaldebia
    dayrilio - ase miTxres axloblebma.~ aqve cdiloben sakuTari prioritetis wamowevas: `mTel
    qveyanaSi ver iqneba erTnairi mdgomareoba, romeliRac qalaqi iqneba SedarebiT dabinZurebuli.
    mag. CvenTan iyvnen, bolnisSi, axalqalaqidan Camosulebi. iZaxodnen ra sufTa qalaqiao,
    enanebodaT raRacis dagdeba. ukve TviTon mieCvivnen sisufTavis, TviTon aRar yrian Zirs
    nagavs.~ igive bolniseli somexi monawile nakleb informirebulia azerbaijanze, sakmaod detalurad
    aRwers somxeTs: `somxeTi aris Zalian cud pirobebSi. geografiuli mdebareobis TvalsazrisiT.
    zRva ar gaaCnia, klimaturi pirobebi aris Zalian saSineli. ekonomikurad isini Cvenze ukeTesad
    arian. sisufTaviTac, demokratia CvenTan ufro aris, magram me Zalian mwydeba guli imaze, rom
    Cven aseTi kargi pirobebi gvaqvs, yvelaferi SegviZlia, Tundac es Savi zRva ramden rames
    mogvitans da ekonomikuri ganviTarebiT magaTze dabla varT. evropis yvela qveyana Cvenze
    ganviTarebulia. ekonomika rom ar aris ganviTarebuli iseve Cveni mTavrobis bralia. miTumetes,
    rom magis pirobebi aris. imxela karieri aris bolnisSi, imxela Tanxa Semodis iqedan, magram
    araferi ar Cans. bolniss araferi etyoba. tyibulis da tyvarCelis (Secd. WiaTuris,) manganumi.
    ubralod saqarTvelo aris Zalian mdidari qveyana. yvelafers yidian. gayidvaze arian. miwebi,
    citrusebi, mdinareebi, imdeni mdinareebia hesebi rom aaSeno...Cven aravis eleqtroenergia ar
    dagvWirdeba. eleqtro energiis fuli saqarTvelos moqalaqem ar unda gadaixados imdeni wyalia.
    yvelanairad mdidari qveyana varT bunebriv resursebis TvalsazrisiT.~
   Sereuli: bolnisi-marneuli-axalcixe jgufi samive regionis aRweras somxeT-azerbaijans Soris
    arsebul daZabul urTerTobaTa WrilSi ganixilavs: `azerbaijansa da somxeTs Soris daZabuli

                                                                                                48
        urTierTobebia. azerbaijanSi somxebs rom xedaven cemen. aqedan gamomdinare, verc
        saxelmwifoebi ver itanen erTmaneTs, mTeli mosaxleoba asea, orive qveyana unda wavides
        kompromisze.~
       marneuleli monawileebis azriT saqarTvelo amierkavkasiidan yvelaze demokratiulia. somxeTi
        emorCileba ruseTs. saqarTvelo eqvemdebareba amerikas. azerbaijaneli monawile azerbaijans
        sakuTar respublikad ganixilavs: `azerbaijani Cemi respublikaa, magram iq korufciaa. somxeTi
        separatiulia, ar gamodis kargad da ruseTs emorCileba.~ marneuleni qarTveli monawileebis azriT
        saqarTvelo demokratiuli qveyanaa, magram SigniT ra xdeba es aravin icis. revolucia rom ar
        yofiliyo da saakaSvili ar mosuliyo, albaT saqarTveloc ruseTs daemorCileboda.
       axalqalaqeli monawileebi Tvlian, rom saqarTvelo yvelasTan megobrobs somxeTTanac da
        azerbaijanTanac. magram somxeTsa da azerbaijans konfliqti aqvT. calcalke daxasiaTebiT
        yvelaze pozitiurad somxeTis politika xasiaTdeba: `is albaT erTaderTia, romelis sabWoTa
        kavSiris Semdeg ar iswrafvis evropul da amerikul saxelmwifoebisaken. somxeTi viTardeba,
        yvelaferi keTdeba, fabrikebia, yvelaferi Zalian lamazia.~ azerbaijans naklebad axasiaTeben,
        vinaidan cnobebi ar aqvT. saintereso mosazrebas gamoTqvams erT-erTi monawile `saqarTveloSi
        da azerbaijanSi Cven ar gvicxovria da ver getyviT. me aq davibade da miuxedavad imisa rom is
        ganuviTarebelia, mainc mizidavs. Cveni axloblebi aRar gaemgzavrebodnen ruseTSi, axalqalaqSi
        rom iyos samuSao adgilebi isini raTqma unda aRar gaemgzavrebodnen arsad da aq
        darCebodnen. mas Semdeg, rac viza Semoitanes, es problema kidev ufro didi gaxda.~
       aseve pozitiuradaa daxasiaTebuli somxeTi ninowmindas monawileebis mier: `somxeTi patara
        qveyanaa, Tu saqarTvelos SevadarebT, ekonomikur planSi ukeT viTardeba. somxeTisTvis
        ZiriTadi problemaa is, rom mas ara aqvs zRvasTan misasvleli gzebi. azerbaijanis Sesaxeb
        warmodgena ara gavqvs. somxeTSi xSirad varT, is rogorc Cveni II samSobloa, naTesavebic
        gvyavs iq. CvenTaganis umravlesoba iq swavlobs, Cven kargad gviReben somxeTSi. CemTan
        swavloben studenti somxebi TbilisSi, romlebic amboben, rom Cven gveZaxian qarTvel-
        somxebs. Tumca Cven ase ar gveqcevian da javaxeli somxebis SemTxvevaSi daTmobebze
        midian, mxolod imaT vinc somxuri ar icis. Cven yvelam viciT wera, kiTxva, somxeTis istoria
        unda vivodeT, roca vabarebT.~ aqve saubroben skolebSi Seqmnil enobriv problemebze,
        romlebic xelis SemSlelia, rogorc somxeTSi swavlis gagrZelebisas, aseve saqarTveloSi
        damkvidrebisaTvisac: `rusul skolebSi kviraSi erTxel aswavlidnen somxurs da imis moxsnac
        undodaT. aris rusuli skolebi, qarTulic aris, magram iq 4-5 bavSvi swavlobs, qarTvelebi, vinc
        Tbilisidan Camovida. Cvenc davdivarT iq da vcdilobT qarTulis Seswavlas. oblebic gvyavs iq
        qarTuli bavSvTa saxlia da iqac davdivarT, rom qarTuli ena viswavloT~.
zogadad politikis mimarT ra damokidebuleba gaqvT da miiRebT Tu ara monawileobas an
arCevnebSi an dagainteresebT Tu ara politika?

                                                                                                  49
   axalcixeli monawileebis umravlesobas politika naklebad ainteresebs, Tumca aucileblad miaCniaT
    sakuTari azris gamoTqma, gansakuTrebiT maSin rodesac qveynis bedi wydeba. maTi azriT
    yvelam unda gamoxatos Tavisi pozicia, raTa `avirCioT normaluri prezidenti da ara
    viRac...~Tumca gamoiTqva skeptikuri mosazreba xmaTa gayalbebis Taobaze: `saakaSvilma 96%
    rogor daagrova mTlian saqarTvelodan eg naRdad araa dasajerebeli.~Tumca monawileTa
    umravlesoba aRiarebs, rom momxre iyo saakaSvilis politikisa maT erTgvari imedgacrueba
    miiRes: ` yvela saakaSvilis fani iyo. me saakaSvilze venebs viWridi maSin da yvela Cemi
    megobari am dReSi iyo, magram dRes-dReobiT sxvagvarad aris~. `maSinac SevardnaZes
    vuWerdi mxars da axlac. arCevnebSi ki miviRebdi monawileobas, magram rogorc axla ambobs
    xalxi, ratom vafrialeT droSa risTviso....SeiZleba imitom, rom xalxi gansakuTrebulad mets
    moeloda, isic iyo rom xalxi moisyida. wavidodi aucileblad arCevnebze da miviRebdi
    monawileobas magram politika maincdamainc ar mainteresebs.~ zogadad politikaze msjelobisas,
    mozardebis azriT, opozicia sustad `arafris gamkeTebelad~ aris Sefasebuli da `leiboristebis~ da
    `win saqarTvelos~ saxiT aris moazrebuli, romelTa fonze monawileebi isev dRevandeli
    xelisuflebis mxardaWeras varaudoben, Tumca respublikelebis gaaqtiurebis SemTxvevaSi
    movlenebis sxva mimarTulebiT ganviTarebasac ar gamoricxaven.
   politikisa da arCevnebis mimarT msgavsi mosazrebebi aqvT bolnisel da Sereuli jgufis
    monawileebs. marTalia, qveynis momavali arCevneSi monawileobis miRebas isini sakuTar
    movaleobad miiCneven, Tumca maTi azriT `politikaSi dResdReobiT Zalian sibinZurea~
   aseve sakuTar moqalaqeobriv movaleobad miiCneven arCevnebSi monawileobis miRebas
    marneuli monawileebi. maT politikuri sakiTxebi ainteresebT, mxolod ar moswonT da aqve
    akritikeben politikas, romelsac Cveni xelisufleba atarebs da reformebs, gansakuTrebiT ganaTlebis
    reformas. maTi azriT: `prezidenti dayrdnobilia mxolod Tavis intuicias da sxvisi azri saerTod ar
    ainteresebs. politikaSi unda gatardes normaluri reformebi. unda iyos opoziciis mxaris azric
    gaTvaliswinebuli da ise iyosmiRebuli daskvna da ara prezidentis intuiciaze dayrdnobiT.
    xelisufleba xalxis keTildReobidan unda gamodiodes, xalxis mxridan Sexedos sakuTar Tavs.~
    ganaTlebis reformaze saubrisas marneuleli axalgazrdebis azriT, ruseTis uRelqveS yofnisas, ruseTi
    arTmevda enasac, mamulsac da sarwmunoebasac qarTvel xalxs. Tumca qarTvelebi ar
    nebdebodnen. sadReisod amerikelebi ar aZaleben, magram qarTvelebisaTvis ukve ufro da ufro
    miRebuli xdeba inglisuri ena. es ki damRupvelia.
   axalqalaqeli axalgazrdebic apireben arCevnebSim monawileobis miRebas, qalaqSi mdgomareobis
    gaumjobesebisaTvis. isini monawileobas miiRebdnen deputatis an qalaqis gamgebelis arCevaSic,
    vinaidan: `Cven ukve daviRaleT, erTi da igive saxeebiT, geficebiT. axalqalaqi or mxared iyofa.
    Cven raime sxva gvinda. Cven gvinda samarTlianoba~. politikaze saubrisas aqve aRniSnaven
    somxeTis istoriis swavlebis aucileblobas, saqarTvelos istoriis swavlebis saaTebis Semcirebis

                                                                                                      50
       xarjze: `axalqalaqSi Cven somxeTis istorias ar gavdivarT, vswavlobT mxolod qarTul istorias, me-
       5 klasidan gavdivarT saqarTvelos istorias. Cven erT da imave istorias 2-jer vimeorebT. me Zalian
       mainteresebs Seviswavlo Cemi xalxis istoria, exla uaxles istorias gavdivarT. Zalian sainteresoa
       XX saukunis saqarTvelos istoria, magram ar aris saWiro erTi da imaves ganmeodeba yovel wels.
       Cemi azriT, programaSi ukve CarTes da Semdeg wels gavivliT somxeTis istorias.~
      ninowminda: `(erTxmad) Cven monawileobas miviRebT arCevnebSi, vinc Sveni samSoblobsTvis
       kargs gaakeTebs, imas avirCevT. es CvenTvis keTdeba. Cveni momavali maTzea damokidebuli.`
Tqven rom iyoT mrCevelebi ras urCevdiT prezidents, pirvel rigSi ra problemebi unda moagvaros?

      axalcixelebi prezidents urCevdnen: saqarTvelos ekonomikurad gaZlierebas. fabrika-qarxnebis,
       samuSao adgilebis Seqmnas rom xalxi dasaqmdes. qveyanaSi arsebuli korufciis aRmofxvras.
       gamocdili kadris yolas - `xalxi romelTac aqvT gamocdileba da profesionalizmi. ar aris aucilebeli
       ministri gyavdes 25 wlis da sazRvargareT miRebuli gamocdilebiT, isini Cven ver gamogvadgeba,
       imitom rom Cveni saxelmwifo evropisken dauWira Tvali da midis pirdapir da imas ar
       iTvaliswinebs Cven risi SesaZlebloba gvaqvs. gadasaxadebi rom aiyvanes 200 da 300 laramde
       roca 30 lari maqvs xelfasi da ar minazRaurdeba ra gadavixado~. maTi azriT saqarTvelos imitom
       ara aqvs ekonomika, rom yvela Tavis jibisTvis zrunavs. Tu qveyanas Zlieri glexi yavs is qveyana
       yvelafriT uzrunvelyofilia. `somexi rom iyos, vTqvaT, mTavrobaSi is ufro izrunebs xalxze imas
       ufro bevr xelfass miscems da isic Sesabamisad SesZlebs gadasaxadebis gadaxdas~. mTavrobaSi
       ar unda xdebodes kadrebis swrafi cvla - `erTi reforma bolomde ar aris misuli rom ukve meore
       Tavis azrs axvevs~
      `nu yidis saqarTvelos. yvelaferi gaiyida. erTs gayidis, meore aamuSaos. yvelaferi gayido - es
       wamgebiania. amis magivrad avdgebi da am gayidul Tanxas fotis portSi Cavdeb, imas
       avamuSaveb da ori imdeni Semomiva. borjom-xaragaulis parki rom gayides da germanelebs rom
       miyides qarTvel kacs bunebaSi dasveneba ar unda, germanuli unda Camovides da germanelma
       unda daisvenos?!~
      axalgazrdebi Tvlian, rom, saakaSvilma milionebi jaris magivrad unda moaxmaros ganaTlebas,
       rom `kargi ganaTleba hqondes dRevandel axalgazrdas. me, magaliTad, viswavle CineTis
       ekonomika... gaWirveba qondaT Zalian didi da rodesac isesxes amerikisgan fuli, Cinelma xalxma
       is Cado ganaTlebaSi, ganaTlebulma xalxma Semdeg wamoswia ekonomika da SeZles valis
       gadaxda. CvenTan fuli raSi ideba RmerTma icis, ganaTlebis garda yvelaferSi.~ Tumca zogierTi
       monawile Tvlis, rom jarsac sWirdeba dafinanseba, `naxevari jars moaxmaros~. axalcixeli
       monawileebi saubroben samsaxuris Sovnis mankier tendenciebze, rasac ZiriTadad sazRvargareT
       miRebuli codna da nacnoboba gansazRvravs: `CvenTan tendencia, dResdReobiT aseTia, Tu erTi
       Tve mainc ar gaqvs sazRvargareT gavlili inglisuri ena, an raRac praqtika, kai samsaxurs ver
       naxav. me iqneb im adamians vjobni Cemi tviniTac, gamocdilebiTac da inglisuris codniTac,
                                                                                                         51
    magram eseTi tendenciaa dResdReobiT da Tu magari mama an naTesavi, an biZa an xelis mkvreli
    ar gyavs maSin kai samsaxurs ver monaxav. es reforma ise midis, rom xuT-eqvs weliwadSi
    saqarTvelos arc qimikosi eyoleba arc maTematikosi. sul inglisuri da kompiuteri marto eg aris da
    unar Cvevebi meti araferi. amoRebulia saqarTvelos istoria. didi sircxvili rom qarTvelma ar icodes
    saqarTvelos istoria.~
   ukmayofilebas gamoTqvamen axlcixelebi regionebis mimarT mTavrobis uyuradRebobis da
    socialuri problemebis gamo: `saerTod es xelisufleba Tbilisis galamazebazea da.... Tbilisia marto
    saqarTvelo? saerTod prezidenti me mgoni, yvela qalaqSi Casula axalcixeSi ar Camosula.
    axalqalaqSi iyo da axalcixeSi ar Camodis, samcxe-javaxeTis centria. is ar fiqrobs, adamianebi
    gaWirvebulebi arian da elementaruli puris fuli ara aqvT 26 larad arian, gzaSi ar yofniT da puri
    rom iyidon. axalcixe aRarc istoriul qalaqad aRar iTvleba. sazRvarze varT. Camova axalcixeSi,
    gadafrindeba ninowmindaSi. axalcixes xazi aqvs gadasmuli aravin Cvenze ar fiqrobs. momRerali
    gubernatori rom geyoleba aba ra unda qna. borjomi aayvaves, yvelaferi gaakeTes arc gzebi
    gvivarga da arc wyali. axalcixesTan dakavSirebiT, me mgoni, es yvelaferi aris xalxis brali,
    romelime pirovneba damisaxele, adamiani, romelic Cavida vardebis revolucize da mxari dauWira
    maT. Sen ar ici Torem ramdenia, Zalian bevri. Sen televizorSic ar giyurebia axalcixe rom Sedioda
    TbilisSi ikarusebiT da manqanebiT, axalcixe Camovidao. ori Tvea deni ar aris da aravin ar iRebs
    xmas. mere eg Tqveni bralia. Suqze ra gagvikeTes axalcixeSi. manam ar Caeria gubernatori ra
    gagvikeTes - yvela davalianebis gamo TiTo ubans TveSi, ubans ki ara erT ojaxs mouwia 80 lari
    manam ar gadaixdi ar CagiraTaven dens. sul 30 lari aqvs pensia pensioners da 80 lari rogor
    gadaixados martoxelam. zogs xuTi plita aqvs CarTuli, zogs marto erTi naTura da orivem
    erTnairad 80 lari ratom unda gadaixados. unda daudgan yvela ojaxs Tavis soCiki. gubernatorTan
    rom mividnen pensionerebi da rom uTxres batono goga ra vqnaTo - moikeliTo yvelaferio da
    gadaixadeTo. roca 30 lariani pensia qonda adamians. magram gubernatorsac arafris ufleba ar aqvs.
    es aris nabrZanebi zemodan. rodesac Tqves, rom gavideT gareT da movawyoT aqciao,
    prezidentidan iyo brZaneba rom specrazmebi daarbeven maT yvelanairi saSualebiT. xalxs ukve
    aRara aqvs imdenis Tavi, rom gavides Tavisi SvilebiT, mere specrazmi movardeba da dubinkas
    gadaartyamT. prezidentis mrCeveli rom viyo qalaqSi iseTi situaciaa, xalxi ukve iZaxis amisTvis
    vafrialeT droSebio. sasmeli wyali aviRoT, sxvaTaSoris ar dagviwyebia isic, rom bolo xanebia
    wyalmomarageba gamosworda. ramdeni adamiania rom avadmyofoba gamoiwvia. iyo bevri
    adamiani romelic am wyliT daavadmyofda...~
   mozardebi yuradRebas amaxvileben kidev ufro zogad sakiTxebze, romlebic erovnuli
    TviTSegnebis gaZlierebas Seexeba: `saqarTveloSi mimdinareobs globalizaciis procesi, aseve
    mTlianad msoflioSi anu saqarTvelo am globalizaciis erT-erTi monawilea, magram es globalizacia
    ar unda gavigoT ise TiTqos Cveni erovneba sruliad miwasTan unda gavaTanabrod. ar momwons,

                                                                                                       52
    rom pasportebze ar aris erovnuloba miTiTebuli. ar momwons is, rom dResdReobiT yvelas
    SeuZlia nebismieri gvaris arCeva. am SemTxvevaSi adamiani dakargavs Tavis warmomavlobas
    da Sesabamisad sxvadasxva erovnebis warmomadgenlebi romlebic saqarTveloSi ukve cxovroben
    SeZleben aiRon iseTi gvari, rom Semdeg qarTvelad mogvaCvenon Tavi mag. bagrationad. droTa
    ganmavlobaSi moxdeba sisxlis aRreva. es namdvilad ar SeiZleba, Cveni religia krZlavs amas.~
   bolniselebi prezidentis mrCevelis rols problemaTa dasaxelebaSi xedaven, maTi azriT pirveli
    finansuri problemebia. sisufTave unda iyos, pensia unda miscen xalxs. daexmaron avadmyofebs
    da samuSao miscen umuSevarT. aRadginon teritoriuli mTlianoba, gaaZlieron urToerTobebi
    rogorc qveynis SigniT, ise gareT. jer unda iyos finansuri daxmareba, mere sisufTave: `me vici,
    rom kazreTis oqros sabadosgan 50 km-is siSoreze unda iyos samosaxlo. Cven ki gverdiT
    ramdenime kilometrSi varT. Suqi, gazi, wyali mosawesrigebelia. maSavera dabinZurebulia da
    misi dasufTaveba SeiZleba, magram. Tanadgoma da daxmareba gvWirdeba. vinme mcodne unda
    iyos am sakiTxSi rom erkveodes. is Seiswavlis am sakiTxs. mere wava da gamgebels etyvis, anu
    miaRwevs parlamentamde. iqedan unda mogvxedon. vinmem rom Tqvas, rom sul mivaxarjavdi
    am daxmarebeso, es tyuilia. nawils daurigebdi Cems axloblebs, romlebsac uWirs. nawils mdinares
    movaxmardi, nawils mivcemdi sawarmos vuyididi filtrs. bevri umuSevari xalxi dadis, ar ician ra
    qnan da cud saqmes hkideben xels. intensiurad xdeba Statebis Semcireba. imis magivrad rom
    xalxi dasaqmdes, yoveldRe aTobiT kaci umuSevari Cndeba bolnisSi, raionSi. usaqmurobisgan
    kide xalxi zogi narkotiks yidis, zogi sxva ramiT erToba da ase fuWdeba qveyana. axalgazrda
    uyurebs, rasac televizoriT aCveneben rom dRes amdeni kaci daiWires amis gulize, patarac rom
    uyurebs amas, arafris gakeTeba ar unda, saqme rom ara aqvs isac iwyebs imis gakeTebas mec
    erTi ori kapiki viSovoo.~ mozardebi saakaSvilis damsaxurebasac aRniSnaven, magaliTad rogoric
    aris sapatrulo policiis amoqmedeba `sruliad daculi davdivar qalaqSi dRes da ar meSinia~ da
    naklzec akeTeben aqcents `Tavis qveyanaSi faqtiurad prezidenti ar aris da dabodialobs aqeT iqiT.
    Seuferebel adamianebs niSnavs Tanamdebobebze~. bolniseli monawileebic saubroben
    samsaxurSi `TavianTi xalxis~ moyvanis tendenciaze, Tanac ZiriTadad Tbilisidan. `eg tendencia
    unda moiSalos, ukve me movedi da Cemi xalxi unda moviyvano. arian iseTi bolniselebi, ar
    gvWirdeba marTala rom sxva qalaqidan viRac Camogviyvanon da dagviniSnon~.
   Sereuli jgufis (bolnisi- marneuli- axalcixe) monawineTa rCevebic emTxveva wina jgufebSi
    gamoTqmul azrs, gansxvavdeba mxolod ultimatoruli formiT: `xelfasi unda gamizardos pirvel
    rigSi. xalxs miaqcios yuradReba, problemebi gaiziaros. xalxi daasaqmos. ganaTlebas. mixedos
    kadrebs. profesionizmi da gamocdileba unda hqondeT. zogi rezolucias ver adebs ubralod
    gancxadebas.~
   marneuli respondentebi ekonomiur sakiTxebze amaxvileben yuradRebas, fabrika-qarxnebis
    amoqmedebasa da adamianebis dasaqmebaze, Tumca aqve aRniSnaven, rom TavisTavad

                                                                                                     53
    ekonomika ver gaumjobesdeba, romelime qveyanas unda sTxovo daxmareba. amgvar qveyanad ki
    ruseTi miaCniaT. iyo gansxvavebuli azric, rom saqarTvelom Tavisi ZalebiT unda gamoscados,
    qveynis SigniT mixedos yvelafers da mere unda mosTxovos daxmareba. monawileebi Tvlian, rom
    sxva qveyvebi, mag. amerika ufro met mogebas naxulobs saqarTvelodan, vidre piriqiT.
   respondentebi axalqalaqidan yuradRebas aseve problemaTa CamonaTvalze amaxvileben. es
    problemebia: gzebis gaumjobeseba. ekonomikis gafarToveba da ganviTareba. ruseTTan
    urTierTobis gaumjobeseba. samuSao adgilebis, pensiebis da xelfasebis gaumjobeseba; skolebSi
    normaluri swavleba. axalgazrdebisTvis garToba da ganaTleba. axalqalaqSi bevri sportuli darbazis
    aSeneba. sisufTave. skolebTan dakavSirebiT axalgazrdebma yuradReba gaamaxviles
    saxelmZRvaneloebze, romlabsac miuxedavad imisa, rom somxeTidan da ruseTidan iReben,
    problemebi mainc eqmnebaT: `miiRon axali saxelmZRvaneloebi, CvenTan zogierTs saerTod
    furclebi ara aqvs. ufasod somxeTidan gvigzavnian. ruseTidanac viRebT oRond cotas 2-3s mTel
    klasze. gzasTan mimarTebaSi, mozarTa azriT, saWiroa iseTi gzis aSeneba, rom male SeiZlebodes
    axalqalaqidan TbilisSi Casvla. racSeexeba ruseT-saqarTvelos damokidebulebas, respodentebi
    adareben ruseTs amerikas da amgvarad miuTiTeben ruseTTan saqarTvelos urTierTobis aSkara
    proiritetze: `amerika bevrs ar gvaZlevs. Cven rom ruseTi istorias CavxedoT, ruseTi Zalian xSirad
    exmareboda saqarTvelos, roca saqarTvelos uWirda.~
   SeiZleba iTqvas ninowmindas respodentebis gamonaTqvamebi erTgvari axalqalaqeli
    respodentebis mier dawyebuli Temis, maTi azriT prezidents unda urCion: rusebi darCnen,
    `garadoki~ ar moxsnan, gzebi SeakeTon, xalxi dasaqmdes. prezidentma raime saintereso
    gaakeTos axalgazrdebisaTvis, meti sportuli darbazebi, sacurao auzebi.. gansakuTrebiT mwvaved
    aRiqmeba ruseTis jarebis gasvla, ninowmindeli monawileebi Tvlian, rom `konfliqtebi mainc
    iqneba, aq xom sxvadasxva erovnebis adamianTa Tavyrilobaa. adre megobrobdnen qarTvelebi da
    somxebi... adre sabWoTa kavSiri iyo da kargad vcxovrobdiT, exla bevri konfliqtia. rodesac
    saqarTvelosa da ruseTs Soris urTierToba gafuWda, qarTvelebma somxebi gadaiyvares, radgan
    somxebi ruseTSi Souloben fuls. ruseTi exmareboda somxeTs da exlac daexmareba~.
    mniSvnelovanwilad amgvari mdgomareobis CamoyalibebaSi ekonomikuri faqtorebic TamaSoben
    rols: `adre qarxnebi iyo da sakeravi fabrika muSaobda. exla yvelaferi daketilia, SuSebic ki
    moipares. adre vertmfrenebs amzadebdnen, exla es Senoba dangreulia.~ `saqarTvelo rom
    ekonomiurad ganviTarebuli iyos, aq viswavlidiT siamovnebiT~. swavlasTan dakavSirebiT
    monawileebma sxva sirTuleebic gamokveTes: `CvenTan saSualo skolebi ar aris, me 10 klasis
    mere erevanSi miemgzavrebian saswavleblad. exla 12 welia saWiro, Cven 1 wels vkargavT. bolo
    weli imisTvisaa, rom gansazRvro sad apireb Cabarebas. arian moswavleebi 18 wlis, 9 klass
    daamTavreben da waiyvanen jarSi ise rom swavlis damTavrebas ver aswreben. saqarTveloSi
    saerTod ar aris somxuri instituti.~

                                                                                                  54
      axalcixe-ninowmindas Sereul jgufSi monawileebi zogadad ukmayofilebas gamoxatavdnen
       prezidentis politikis mimarT da maTi rCevac ufro SeniSvnis xasiaTs iRebda: `Caataron saerTo
       saxelmwifo referendumi, mwvave sakiTxebze, saWiroa, xalxs hqondes arCevanis saSualeba, es
       xom demokratiaa da ara anarqia.~ mTavrobis kritikis kvaldakval monawileTa mosazrebebSi
       saqarTvelos sagareo politikaSi somxeTis politikis uxeSi Careva ikveTeba: `yvelaze mwvave
       sakiTxi CvenTan gzebis problemaa. axalcixidan axalqalaqamde saerTod saSinelebaa. somxeTs
       unda gzis aSeneba javaxeTSi, saqarTvelo ki ar rTavs nebas. sazRvramde saSineli gzaa, mere ki
       sarkesaviTaa. rogorc ZaRli Tivaze ase iqceva.~ `vurCevdi ar daangrios damokidebulebebi rusebs,
       somxebsa da qarTvelebs Soris. qarTvlebsa da rusebs Soris. saSualebas mivcemdi, rom yvela
       xalxi, saqarTveloSi mcxovrebi, TviTon wyvetdes ra aris misTvis ukeTesi, misces sityvis
       Tavisufleba da wavides iq sadac unda saswavleblad da nu Seqmnis sazRvrebs.~ monawileTa
       mosazrebebSi erTgvari muqarac SeiniSneboda prezidentis mimarT ruseTTan gawyvetili
       urTierTobebis gamo: `prezidenti rom viyo, aqedan gavemgzavrebodi. albaT imitom, rom male
       omi daiwyeba ruseT saqarTvelos Soris da ruseTi gagvWylitavs. Tuki karg politikas gaatarebs
       amis Tavidan acileba SesaZlebelia. es ki SeiZleba maqsimum 10 weli gaiwelos.~ amasTanave
       ruseTTan daregulirebuli urTierTobebi saqarTvelos yvela xangZlivdrouli problemis
       mogvarebasTan asocirdeba, Tanac monawileebi avlenen ekonomikis sakmaod karg codnas: `adre
       avtomobilebis ganbaJeba borjomSi xdeboda, exla TbilisSia. es xalxisTvis Znelia da kidev am
       zafxuls TiTqmis yvela axalgazrda banakebSi isvenebda, es Zalian didi finansebia, ramdenime
       milioni dolari da es finansebi rom sxva proeqtebSi Caedo, mag gzis mSeneblobaSi, garda amisa,
       CvenTan imdeni miwis, wylis da turistuli resursebia, mTian adgilebSi Tuki aaSenebdnen
       hidroeleqtrosadgurebs da dablobebze Tboeleqtrosadgurebs, eleqtroenergia bevrad iafi iqneboda da
       aRar aviRebdiT somxeTisa da ruseTisgan Zvir dens. da ruseTTan kargi politika rom gvqonoda,
       gazi ufro iafi iqneboda. gazis fasi gaZvirdeba da ekonomikisTvis es fataluri iqneba~. iyo
       sxvagvari mosazrebebic: `saqarTvelo aris gasaerTianebeli, afxazeTi aris Cvengan gamoyofili da
       SemogvierTdeba. es gzebi aris raRac saSineleba, Zaan iRlebi am gzebze, rogorRac gakeTdes da
       bolo moeRos am saSinelebas da ganaTleba - Cven aq gavdivarT Zveli wignebiT. TbilisSi axali
       wignebiT. unda Seicvalos da arc wignebia normaluri, sul daxeulia~`CvenTan TiTo qaRaldze
       darbian axalcixeSi da Svebulebis furcels ver iReben, fulsac kargaven, Tan eubnebian, Tu ar ginda
       wadi.~
romel qveyana unda mimarTos saqarTvelom daxmarebisTvis?

      axalcixeli monawileebi TiTqmis erTxmad asaxeleben ruseTsa da amerikas, Tumca maT
       mosazrebebs Soris mciredi gansvlaa, mag ruseTic da amerikac: `ruseTTan da amerikasTan unda
       hqondes kargi urTierToba. jerjerobiT yvelas daxmareba gvWirdeba Cven~. monawileTa erTi
       nawili ruseTs ufro uWers maxars da ara mxolod saxelmwifos daxmarebas, enis codnasac

                                                                                                       55
    iTvaliswinebs: `mezobel qveynebTan unda gvqondes urTierToba kargi. axalmosuls axali dardebi
    moaqvs eg xom iciT...~, `ruseTze ukeT veravin ver dagvexmareba. sul Tu araferi erTi religia
    mainc gvaqvs.Cemi azriT, ruseTis mimarT imitom gvaqvs cudi ganwyobileba amdeni xanis
    ganmavlobaSi ruseTi Cveni baton-partoni rom iyo. ratom baton-patroni, Cveni megobari qveyana
    iyo.~ `adre rusuli mTel msoflioSi Zalian gavrcelebuli ena iyo da yvela laparakobda rusulad.
    saqarTveloSi skolebic ki rusulad iyo. exla rusuli ar ician. es aris didi sircxvili. inglisurSi ixdian
    200$ weliwadSi da rusuli ar ician saerTod. rogorc inglisurs iTxoven ise unda moiTxovon rusuli.
    inglisuri Tu ici da kompiuteri magar samsaxurs iSovi da Tu rusuli ici aranairi mniSvneloba ar
    aqvs. parlamentSi ramdeni zis, romelmac rusuli ar icis. rusebi gvyavs mezobelad da pirvel rigSi
    Seni mezoblis ena unda icode da mere inglisuri~. `ruseTi ufro Zlieri qveyanaa da Tan saqarTvelos
    sarwmunoebac akavSirebs da urTierTobac aqvT damyarebuli megobruli. ruseTi yovelTvis
    gamouwvdis saqarTvelos xels daxmarebisTvis~. respodentebis nawili amerikas uWers mxars: `Tu
    adre ruseTTan vmegobrobdiT da yvelaferi rusul enaze iyo, exla amerika Semova. ruseTTan
    megobroba ar waadgeba kargad saqarTvelos. imitom, rom rusebma rac xelSekrulebas moaweres
    xeli qarTvelebTan, yvelaferi daarRvies. es gadaedoT aseve osebsac da CeCnebsac, bevri
    xelSekruleba daido mSvidobisTvis da yvela dairRva da es xdeba ruseTis gamo. mozardTa nawilis
    azriT saqarTvelom aravis ar unda mimarTos daxmarebisaTvis - `fuls aravin gaCuqebs, ratom
    unda gaCuqos. dRes raRacas yidulobs mere mTlianad Segvisyidian. saqarTvelos Wirdeba
    gaerTianeba evrokavSirSi, sadac SeuZlia rom daicvas qveyana. raRacas rom gikeTebs Sengan
    sanacvlod raRacas iTxovs. tyuilia axla miSa rom ambobs axla amerika gvaxmarebao. imas raRaca
    unda, ise ar dagvexmareba.~ mxolod ramdenimem gamoTqva gansxvavebuli mosazreba, maT
    yvelaze perspeqtiul partniorad ukraina warmoudgeniaT: `ruseTTan cota ar iyos daZabuli
    urTierToba gvaqvs, am momentSi ukeTesi iqneba Tu mivmarTavT, magaliTad, ukrainas imitom
    rom orive qveynis prezidentebi erTmaneTTan axlos arian, megobruli urTierToba aqvT da me
    mgoni ukrainac ar aris dabali donis ganviTarebuli qveyana.~
   bolniseli monawileebic ruseTsa da amerikaze akeTebdnen TavianT arCevans, Tumca srulebiT
    urTierTsawinaaaRmdegod. monawileTa is nawili, romelic ruseTis sasargeblod gamoTqvms
    mosazrebas, aqcents mis teritoriul siaxloveze akeTebs: ~omi rom atydes saqarTveloSi, sanam
    amerikidan jars gamogzavnian ruseTi aqvea. amitom masTan kargi urTierToba unda gqondes~
    amasTanave, am mosazrebis damcvel respodentebisaTvis ruseT-saqarTvelos Soris Seqmnili
    urTierTgaugebroba erTeulebis nebis gamomxatvelia: me vTvli rom konfliqti Cvensa da ruseTs
    Soris aris garkveul pirovnebebs Soris konfliqti, anu vinc arian Tanamdebobis pirebi. ise ubralo da
    Cveulebriv xalxSi rom gaikiTxo erTmaneTTan Zaan kargad arian da guli wydebaT rom ase varT.
    mesmis, rom ruseTis bazebi unda gavides. ruseTi aqvea. isev ruseTSi waxval. Cvenebi isev
    ruseTSi garbian da isev iq raRacas iwyeben. Tundac im bizness... ratom unda gavamwvavoT

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    Cven situacia. bolos da bolos erTi sarwmunoeba gvaqvs~ amerikasTan urTierTobis
    maxardamWerebisaTvis `iseTi urTierTobebi daamyara amerikasTan Cvenma prezidentma, rom
    isini daxmarebisaTvis ukan ar daixeven ~. iyo zogadi xasiaTis gaminaTqvamebic, sadac mezobel
    saxelmwifoebs Soris TurqeTic moiazreboda: `ruseTic kargia. TurqeTi ufro axlosaa da ufro
    SeZlebuli saxelmwifoa. Tu amerikasTan SeuZlia damegobreba, yvelasTan unda damegobrdes. am
    saxelmwifoebidan daxmareba SesaZlebelia iyos finansuri, jariT, saomari mowyobilobebiT.~
   Sereuli jgufis marneuli-bolnisi-axalcixe warmomadgenlebi miiCneven, rom yvelasTan unda
    hqondes saqarTevlos megobruli damokidebuleba, gansakuTrebiT mezoblebTan, magram aravis
    zegavlenis qveS ar unda moeqces: `yvela qveyanasTan unda gvqondes urTierToba. axlo mezobel
    qveyanasTan miTumetes. ruseTTan, imitom rom Zlieria, axlos xar, mTavaria religiiTac. pirvel
    rigSi mezobel qveyanebTan unda gvqondes kargi urTierToba - azerbaijanTan, somxeTTan,
    ruseTTan. kavkasiis gaerTianebazec iyo saubari~ `ar unda iyos aranairad ruseTis da arc amerikis
    gavlenis da zemoqmedebis qveS. dResdReobiT saqarTvelos kargi urTierToba aqvs
    amerikasTan...kargi urTierToba unda hqondes, magram gavlena ar unda iyos. mTeli istoriis
    manZilze saqarTvelo iyo viRacis gavlenis qveS. sabWoTa kavSiridan moyolebuli vambob, sul
    imarTeboda. gvqvia viTom damoukidebeli; arc erTi ar visurvebdiT, rom saqarTvelo romelime
    qveynis gavlenis qveS iyos, magram Tu megobruli da Tbili urTierToba iqneba amas ara aqvs
    mniSvneloba amerikeli iqneba Tu rusi. amerikas Sen aranairad ar sWirdebi. amerikas aqvs Tavisi
    interesebi Cvens qveyanaSi, is abandebs fuls da Sen rom gexmareba raRaciT, isic sapasuxos
    elodeba... da SeiZleba ise gagyidos sxva qveyanasTan..~
   marneul monawileTa azriT mTavaria miRebuli daxmareba racionalurad moxmardes ekonomikis
    ganviTarebas: `SeRebaven, mikraskaven lamazia, magram saqarTvelos 4 miliardi vali aqvs
    saerTaSoriso organizaciebis, saxelmwifoebis, vin unda gadaixados. xalxi dasaqmdes,
    mrewvelobas moxmardes. qarxnebi gaixsnas. amerikasTan TanamSromlobis TvalsazrisiT
    sakmaod araerTgvarovani mosazrebebi gamoiTqva, neitraluri: `ra saWiroa rCeva saakaSvili ukve
    iyo amerikaSi da arCeveni ukve gaakeTa, yvelaferi sworia~. uaryofiTi: `exla marneulSi undodaT
    aerodromis aSeneba, da Tu omi daiwyeba amerikasa da irans Soris, saqarTvelos dabombaven,
    aqac Camovardeba yumbarebi. amerika iranTan arasdros ar iqneba karg damokidebulebaSi,
    amitomac gveSinia. CvenTan axla gaakeTeben aerodroms, warmoidgineT saqarTvelo azerbaijani
    da somxeTi. azerbaijani uWers mxars irans, ara amerikas. saqarTvelo amerikas dauWers mxars.
    yvelaze axlo teritoria es aris saqarTvelo da iqedan dabombaven. es informacia imedSi movismine,
    Tu azerbaijanis kanalze. aeroporti aq unda aaSenon da mosaxleoba gaasaxlon.~ rac Seexeba
    ruseTTan daaxlovebas, sakmaod kritikulad afasebs qarTveli monawile da sxva, erovnul
    umciresobebis warmomadgenlebTan am sakiTxis gamo kamaTobs kidec: `ici ra, Sen somexi xar,
    Sen azerbaijaneli, me ki qarTveli, erTi saukune ruseTi saqarTvelos arTmevda enasac mamulsac

                                                                                                  57
       da sarwmunoebasac. rogor SeiZleba iseT qveyanas Seurigde, romelic rac yvelaze Zvirfasia, imas
       garTmevs~, sxva monawileebis SeniSvnaze - adre yvelgan ase iyo, azerbaijanSic, is mimarTavs
       saqarTvelos istoriis faqtebs: `Sen jer saqarTvelos istoria iswavle. ramdenime aTeuli da aseuli wlis
       win, Cven dRevandeli gvaxosovs da guSindeli~.
      ninowmindeli axalgazrdebi upiratesobas ruseTsa da somxeTs aniWeben - `ra Tqma unda ruseTs
       da somxeTs. ruseTi didi qveyanaa. istoriidan viciT, rom ruseTi mtris Tavdasxmisgan gvicavda da
       ekonomiuradac gvexmareboda~.
      axalqalaqeli respondentebic iziareben azrs ruseTTan TanamSromlobis Sesaxeb: `ruseTTan,
       yvelasTan karg damokidebulebaSi unda iyos. axalqalaqis TiTqmis mTeli mosaxleoba iq
       miemgzavreba samuSaod. garda amisa, yvelaze saukeTeso ruseTis I arxsac gaauqmeben, Tuki ar
       iqneba 62 baza, Cveni mosaxleobis umravlesoba am bazazea dasaqmebuli. Tuki saqarTvelos kargi
       damokidebuleba eqneba ruseTTan ukeT ganviTardeba, Tanac ruseTi axlos aris.~
      axalcixe-ninowmindas Sereuli jgufis monawileebi, zogadad mezobel saxelmwifoebTan karg
       damokidebulebaze saubroben da akritikeben amerikis militaristul politikas: `mezobels, ra Tqma
       unda, pirvel rigSi somxeTTan da azerbaijanTan, TurqeTTanac, ara aqvs mniSvneloba, magram es
       geografiuli mezoblebia da Tu adamians rame Wirdeba, is maSivve mezobels mimarTavs. amerika
       Sors aris da Tanac saqarTvelo rom ar Wirdebodes samomavlod arc daexmareboda. amerika
       omobs da aqedan jari miyavs. saqarTveloSi fiqroben rom damokidebulni arian ruseTze an ruseTi
       marTavT. igive iqneba amerikis SemTxvevaSic. jobia ruseTTan, somxeTTan da sxva
       mezoblebTan imegobro, vidre amerikasTan. arc istoria ician da arc araferi, mxolod ibrZvian.
       garda amisa 1000-obiT adamiani darCeba garadokSi umuSevari, Tuki isini darwmunebulebi
       iqnebian, rom araferi ar emuqrebaT, aRar SeewinaaRmdegebian rusebis gayvanas. CvenTan gai
       Secvales patruliT da yvelani qarTvelebi arian, isini, ki vinc gaiSi msaxurobda umuSevrad
       darCnen~.
ZiriTadad ra saSualebebidan iRebT informacias da rogor SeafasebdiT ama Tu im sainformacios
muSaobas?

      axalcixeli monawileebis TqmiT isini informacias iReben mas mediidan: televiziidan, radiodan da
       presidan. Jurnal-gazeTebidan dasaxelda -,,kviris palitra" da ,,alia", aqve gamoikveTa qarTveli da
       somexi mosaxleobis informaciis miRebis Taviseburebebi, rac ZiriTadad enis codnasTan aris
       dakavSirebuli: `sazogadoebasTan urTierTobiT, ruseTis arxebi ar aCvenebs, ar gvaqvs. iyo
       moskovis pirveli arxi, rac es arxi gaTiSes axalcixeSi xuTjer moimata satelituri antenebis ricxvma
       da fasebmac aiwia. yvela somexma absoluturad dadga saxlSi satelituri antena imisTvis, rom
       uyuros rusul arxs. qarTuls ar uyureben faqtiurad. erevnidan erT arxs iWers satelitze. CvenTan
       axalcixeSi aris pirveli arxi, sazogadoebrivi televizia, rusTavi 2, imedi. somxuri gadacemebi
       mxolod sazogadoebriv arxze.~ sainformacio saSualebebze msjelobisas respodentebi sityvis
                                                                                                        58
    Tavisuflebidan isev politikas ubrundebian: `axalcixeSi sxva arxi ar uCvenebs, sul Tavi bolo ori
    arxi aCvenebs - qronika da kurieri. principSi ZiriTadi informacia mag ori arxidan modis. simarTle
    rom iTaqvas, yvela ityvis erT sityvas - miSa wadi, mets arafers. simarTle ver gamoTqvamen
    imitom rom miSam gaaZliera jari, rom veravin ver gabedos Tqma. xelisufleba rom modis unda
    movides kanonieri gziT da ara ese, rom me avafrialo droSa, vardebi da modi vinc minda davsva
    egre ar unda aiyos~. mozardebi gansakuTrebiT pozitiur damokidebulebas amJRavneben `imedis~
    mimarT da negatiurad afaseben `rusTavi 2-s~ mikerZoebaSi deben brals: `momwons imedis
    gadacemebi, politikas rac Seexeba. Zalian kargia qronika da kurieri raRac saSinlad ar momwons
    imitom, rom cota gamaRizianebelia. yovel saaTSi erTs imeorebs. pirvel arxic gadis magram me
    imeds vuyureb... Zalian gabedulia giorgi TargamaZe. inga grigolia. giorgi TargamaZe gabeduli
    imasTan dakavSirebiT rom iseT Temebs exeba rac ar mowonT magram verafers eubnebian.
    ganaTlebuli, nakiTxia. inga grigolia yvelas amxels rac ki rame aqvs saTqmeli yvelas pirSi
    eubneba. me magaliTad magis magivrad meSinia rame ar dauSaon. erTxel maia nadiraSvils ra
    uqna, gavgiJdi am qalis magivrad. rac ki rame icoda cudi yvelaferSi amxila farTo sazogadoebis
    winaSe. giorgi TargamaZe iseT Temebs exeba, rac gaWirvebul xalxs awuxebs da romelsac arc
    erTi televizia ar aSuqebs. droebaSi iyo kide bavSvebi rom aCvenes, upatronoebi, webos rom
    isunTqavdnen. jari uSvelis am patara bavSvs~. masmediis muSaobas respodentebi arxis
    xelisuflebasTan damokidebulebiT afasebdnen: `aris bevri rame rasac ubralod ar aSuqeben.
    magaliTad, didi xania ukve deni ar aris qalaqSi. ase mgonia, rom es ufro xalxis bralia, imitom rom
    xalxi rom gamosuliyo da aqcia rom yofiliyo mravalricxovani, dainteresdeboda masmedia,
    Camovidoda da iqneboda amis gaSuqeba. aqcia iyo magram araorganizebuli, imas calke advokati,
    procesi undoda rom marTla dagegmiliyo aqcia da Sedegi gamoeRo. gaSuqda aqcia, e.i.
    gamoiyvanes sami kaci samive iyo somexi. arc erTma qarTuli normalurad ar icoda. damtvreulad
    laparakobda da Tqves TavianTi satkivari rom ar qondaT deni da ras ver akeTebdnen. nuTu
    amxela aqciaze aravin ar mivida. ar gaaSuqes obieqturad. garda amisa rusTavi 2 dRevandeli
    xelisuflebisadmi pozitiurad aris ganwyobili da isini xels uwyoben kidevac mis saqmianobas... aris
    iseTi sakiTxebi, rasac imedi ufro obieqturad aSuqebs, gansxvavebiT rusTavi 2-sgan, radgan igi
    ufro metad mikerZoebulia. garda amisa, me ar momwons Jurnalistebisgan is, rom isini ufro metad
    amwvaveben TavianTi gamonaTqvamebiT, reportaJebis wayvanis maneriT Seqmnil situacias. ar
    momwons maTi saubris kultura, Zalian cudad saubroben. rogor SeiZleba mas mediam ar
    gaaSuqos iseTi rame rac xdeba qveyanaSi rogoric aris is rom pensioners aqvs 28 lari TveSi.
    qalaqSi minimaluri gadasaxadi aris 30 lari~
   bolnisSi monawileTa gadmocemiT aq arxebis SedarebiT didi mravalferovnebaa, vidre axalcixeSi.
    ZiriTadi sainformacio saSualebebidan dasaxelda televizori, radio da presa - `kviris palitra~,
    Jurnal-gazeTebi -`24 saaTi~, saqarTvelos gazeTi. satelevizio arxebs Soris aq dasaxelda: Tbilisi,

                                                                                                   59
    ,,I arxi", ,,,imedi" rusTavi2, V arxi aris adgilobrivi da XII, monawileTa TqmiT `Tu kargi antena
    dgas ,,mzes" aCvenebs, ,,imedi", baqo, ,,I arxi", ruseTis ,,HTV" da PTP xandaxan roca ar aris
    gaTiSuli. ,,azers" aCvenebs. iqidan TurqeTis ambebs ufro kargad gvatyobineben~. mozardebis
    azriT azerbaijaneli mosaxleoba `uyureben ZiriTadad baqosa da TurqeTs. sxva magaT araferi ar
    ainteresebT. azerbaijanul soflebze maqvs me laparaki~. iseve, rogorc aaxlcixeli monawileebi,
    bolniselebic aRniSnaven, rom `rusTavi 2 amaxinjebs informacias. imedi ufro zustia... yvelaze
    kargi arxia... umetesoba imeds uyurebs. rusTavze ufro agresiulebi arian da cdiloben yovelTvis
    cudi, uaryofiTi mxare aCvenon, ufro amwvaveben situacias. amas imitom akeTeben intriga rom
    iyos. imedi ar mogviSalos RmerTma~ telearxebis Sefasebisas respondentebi aRniSnaven, `cudad
    ar muSaoben. saSualod, kargad muSaoben~
   Sereuli jgufis monawileebi aRniSnaven, rom ZiriTadad informacias iReben megobrebisgan,
    aseve, garda sainformacio saSualebebisa, rogoric aris televizia da Jurnal-gazeTebi, informacias
    iReben ufrosebis saubridan, mSoblebisgan, aseve nacnobebisganac. TviTon qalaqSi Zalian
    vrceldeba axali ambebi. arxebidan dasaxelda rusTavi2 da imedi NTV hiti, NTV kino klubi. Tbilisi
    met-naklebad, bolnisis mexuTe arxi. Jurnal-gazeTebidan dasaxelda sarke, `obieqturi ,,kviris
    palitra", gazeTebi-,,24 saaTi". masmediis muSaobis Sefasebac Sesabamisad araerTgvarovania:
    `xuTianze~. ~xuTianze ara. sam naxevars davuwerdi. imitom rom xandaxan ar arian obieqturebi.
    saintereso da sensaciur ambebs arCeven yuradReba rom miiqcion da amaSi naxevari tyuilia.
    Jurnalistebis   umravlesoba   aniWebs     mxolod     saTaurs   mniSvnelobas,     rom    saTauris
    momxibvlelobiT waikiTxos statia.~ monawileTa azriT qarTuli bolnisSi bevrma somexma icis da
    bevrma azerbaijanelma. axalcixeSi suyvelas aqvs satelituri antena. marneulSi aris aseTi arxebi.
    bevrma icis qarTuli, magram ar laparakobs: `informacias iReben Cvengan, rogor ar iReben, Cven
    rom vlaparakobT yvelaferi esmiT magram specialurad ar laparakoben.~
   marneuli respodentebi ZiriTadad rusul arxebs uyureben: novisti, vremia, moskovi, ОРТ, I arxi,
    aseve imedi. `rusulebi yvela kargia. ruseTis - ОРТ, I arxi, baqos I arxic kargia. marneulSi yvela
    Turqul arxs uyurebs, yvelam icis Turquli, kargi arxia, mogvwons. me momwons qarTulebi -
    imedi, aWarac kargia, ruseTis yvela arxi kargia, I, ОРТ, НТВ, Turquli. me vuyureb `de kanals~,
    `adeves~, aseT arxebze politikas uCveneben. Turquli da azerbaijanuli enebi TiTqmis erTnairia da
    mesmis.~ `imeds aucileblad vuyureb, mama miTargmnis. amierkavkasiis arxebidan me vTvli
    yvalaze kargi imedia.~ marneuleli respodentebi informaciis gavrcelebis erT-erT wyarod Worsac
    asaxeleben: `CvenTan marneulSi iseTi xalxi arsebobs, rac ar moxdeba, maSinve ician, televizoris
    naxva aRar aris saWiro. iciT rogori Worebia, erT mxares Tu tyvia isroles meore mxares raketebi
    gamosdiT. CvenTan rogorc Caixanas bazarSia, yvela ikribeba, yvebian, xan ras amboben xan ras.
    did samamulo omad aqceven.~ informaciis nakleboba da mxolod ruseTis arxebidan cnobebis
    miReba erTis mxriv da Woris gavrceleba meores mxriv xSirad gaugebrobas warmoSobs

                                                                                                  60
       mikrosocialur jgufSi, rac faqtiurad gaTamaSda kidec marneulis warmomadgenelTa erT-erT fokus
       jgufSi. kerZod, azerbaijaneli monawilis mtkicebas ruseTTan didi xnis ganmavlobaSi megobruli
       Tanacxovrebis faqts da mis upiratesobas amerikasTan mohyva qarTveli monawilis mkverTi
       reaqcia daaxlovebis sawinaaRmdegod. igi Seexo amerikis saqarTvelosTvis 8 irokesis tipis
       vertmfrenis saCuqrad gadacemas. TiToeulis Rirebuleba 8 000 000$-s Seadgenda. sul 64 000 000$.
       garda am vertmfrenebisa saqarTvelos yavda bombdamSenebi, ruseTSi gagzavnili SesakeTeblad,
       TiToeulze gadasaxadi mxolod 20 000$ iyo. sul 100 000 $. monawilis TqmiT `ruseTma arc ki
       gamoatana TviTmfrinavebi damkveTs, radgan saqarTvelo am vals ver gadauxdida ramdenime
       wlis ganmavlobaSi. romels vendobi me mezobels, romelic 100 000 – s me ar mendoba Tu imas,
       romelic 64 000 000$ maCuqebs?~ polemika amiT ar Sewyvetila da azerbaijaneli monawileebi
       Tavis mxriv agrZelebdnen ruseTis megobrobis upiratesobis damadasturebeli argumentebis
       moyvanas, maTi azriT ruseTTan urTierTobis SewyvetiT yvelaferi Sewydeba - ekonomika, Suqi,
       gazi. aseve, `mocemul momentSi aqauri muSaxelis 70% ruseTSi Soulobs fuls, rusuli fuliT.
       miemgzavrebian iq, miaqvT kartofili da pomidori. amerika ras gvaZlevs?~. qarTveli monawile
       ganagrZobda sakuTari poziciis dacvas da Tavis mxriv aRniSnavda: `ruseTs rom ar awyobdes
       saqarTveloze Suqis miyidva, is arc gayidda. es aris kapitaluri wyoba: Tu me ar mawyobs rom
       mivyido, arc mivyidi. saqarTveloSi kargad viciT, rom baraqiani miwebia. azerbaijanlebs yvelas
       yovelTvis uTesiaT kartofili. yavT didi manqanebi da miaqvs ruseTSi. ruseTma rom gadauketos es
       gza, saidan iyidis? e.i. saqarTvelozec yofila ruseTi damokidebuli raRaciT, isic igebs raRacas.
       borjomis realizacia ruseTSi ar mimdinareobs. mimdinareobs amerikis 26 qveyanaSi~. saboloo
       jamSi polemika aSkara kamaTSi gadaizarda, sadac damcirebis gasamZafreblad xSirad JRerda
       qarTevlis mxridan eTnikurobaze miniSneba da azerbaijanelTa mxridan gonierebaze da
       moxerxebulobaze:
`ici ra, Sen azerbaijaneli cxovrob saqarTveloSi da Sen fulic gaqvs, kargi miwac gaqvs, yvelaferi gaqvs. da
me ar maqvs miwa da arc fuli.
Senc adeqi da iyide, ise vin mogcems.
ici ra, Sen azerbaijanelo, wadi da Sen iyide, rogorc me aviRe 1000m ise aman aiRo 2 heqtari. ratom unda
aiRos iman 2 heqteri da me 1000m?
imitom, rom imas Wkua aqvs.
vici me Seni Wkua, imitom rom saTaveSi azerbaijanlebi arian... gamgeobaSi ufro meti azerbaijanlebi
muSaoben. dakvirvebuli var, qarTvelebi ufro ar undaT. qarTvelebi vinc arian, qarTvelebze ufro ar undaT
miwis gacema, vidre azerbaijanlebze. ician, rom is azerbaijaneli fuls gaakeTebs da Semosavali misgan
ufro eqnebaT gamgeobaSi. qarTvelebma ufro ician kanoni da ufro amayi xalxi varT da Cven rom
gvekuTvnis, Cvensas maT ar mivcemT. isini qrTamis mizniT aZleven fulebs.



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saqarTvelos kanonebiT Tbilisidan Camosulebsac SeuZliaT hqondeT 100 heqtari miwa. iseTi kanonia, Tu
ginda kaxeTSi wadi da ramdeni heqtaric ginda SegiZlia...
ratom unda wavide kaxeTSi, me marneulSi vcxovrob, Sen wadi kaxeTSi da TviTon aiRe iq miwa.
exla yvelaferi fuliT keTdeba
ar SeiZleba fuliT, me geubnebi, Sen gaqvs fuli, me ara.
unda imuSao
sad vimuSao miwaze? miwa ar aris. fabrikaSi, arc fabrikaa
me yvelaze ukeTess getyvi, moskoviTan unda vimegobroT, amerikasTanac, safrangeTTan, italiasTan da
ruseTTanac, gana es cudia
Tqven ambobdiT, rom amerika arafers ar gavZlavs. baqo-Tbilisi-jeixani aba ra aris? vin gakeTa ruseTma
Tu amerikam? ramdeni kapitali Cado. Cveni biujetisTvis gaakeTa
amerikisTvis es kapikebia da rogor amoiRebs? Cveni miwebiT amoiRebs.
aba rogor ginda? Sen ginda rom mogces da ar aiRos? es aris kapitalisturi wyoba, rogorc gascems, ise
unda miiRos.
amerika mainc aiRebs Tavis Tanxas, rodesRac ityvis momeciT Cemi fuli. Cemze da Senze ki ar fiqrobs,
Tavis jibeze fiqrobs. is, rom milSi ufro iolad modis navTi, cota vinme Tu gadaixdis fuls.naxevari
marneuli aRar aris, amerikam ukve iyida, bazebi iyida.
ukacravad, eseTi Woria..... ~. Woris Tanaxmad amerika yidulobs marneulis naxevars: sofeli Tamarisi
wereTeli da orjonikiZe nayidia, angreven am sofels, gadayavT walkaSi da keTdeba saaviacio samxedro
baza. qarTveli monawileebi cdiloben Woris gaqarwylebas `ici, marneulSi boingi rom dajdes TbilisSic ver
daiZineben, iseTi xmauri iqneba~. Tumca azerbaijaneli monawileebi ganagrZoben imformaciis
gadmocemas, romelsac floben:
`me uyureb msoflio arxebs - ruseTis, evropuls, evroniuss, zogjer internetsac vrTavT, azerbaijanul arxebs
me ar uyureb. zogjer imeds uyureb. rac Seexeba informacias rom bazebs aSeneben, piradad me sadac
vcxovrob sakuTari saxlebia, yvelaze Zviri 15-10 000 Rirs da amerikelebi gvaZleven 60 - 50 000.
Sen Tu amxela Tanxas gaZleven ratom ar yidi
me ar maqvs sakuTari saxli.
xoda imas viZaxi, rom Seni ar aris sakuTari, me sakuTar saxlSi vcxovrob da imis saSualeba ara maqvs,
rom saxelmwifom bina momces~.
monawileni axalqalaqidan informacias ZiriTadad wignebidan da ukanaskneli cnobebidan iReben.
gazeTebidan daasaxeles `saqarTvelo~. ruseTis gazeTebi da somxuri. Tumca aRiniSna, rom axalgazrdebi
ZiriTadad gazeTebs ar kiTxuloben. Jurnalebidan yvelaze popularuli aRmoCnda varskvlavebi. televiziiT
ZiriTadad uyureben ОРТ, РТР, НТВ, imeds, aWaras, somxuri arxebi: somxeTis 2 arxi, armenia,
somxeTis I arxi, qarTuli arxebi I, rusTavi 2, aWara.



                                                                                                       62
axalcixeli da bolniseli respodentebisgan gansxvavebiT axalqalaqelebma dadebiTd Seafases rusTavi 2-is
muSaoba, romelic gadmoscems somxuradac da yvelas aqvs saSualeba rom gaigos ra moxda
saqarTveloSi. aseve dadebiTad Sefasda НТВ- s ОРТ muSaoba: `yvelaze kargad ОРТ-s da armenias
muSaobas Sevafasebdi. agreTve, musikaluri arxi, da programebi axalgazrdebisTvis~. mozardebi Tvlian,
rom televiziiT informacia maxinjdeba. magaliTad, rusebi Taviseburad gadmoscemen da aRiqvamen axal
ambebs, qarTvelebi Taviseburad. erTi da igive informaciis ori sxvadasxva versia SeiZleba gadmoices.
`mag. axalqalaqSi Catarda mitingi II bazaze, rusebma sxva gaiges, qarTvelebma sxva. adamianebic
sxvadasxvagvarad igeben, sxvas mouyvebian da asec maxinjdeba. Tu ruseTi gadmoscems am axal
ambavs, e.i. mas awyobs da sabolob aravis zust informacias ar iZleva, SeiZleba imsjelo Sualedurad~.
ninowmindeli monawileebisTvisac ar aris ucxo Worebi, maTi TqmiT isini saxelmZRvaneloebidan da
Worebidan iReben informasias. aq ZiriTadad uyureben ruseTis arxebs - НТВ, ОРТ, somxeTidan aris I
arxi, imedi saqarTvelodan, saqarTvelos I arxi IIarxi.TiTqmis 1000 arxs uCvenebs. dadebiTad afaseben
monawileebi ruseTis arxebs, gansakuTrebiT ОРТ, sadac kinoc aris da koncertebic. agreTve aWarasac.
mozardebis TqmiT, `zogjer ruseTis magivrad adgilobrivebs aCveneben da iseTi Targmania, umjobesia ar
CavrTo. 10 sityvidan 1 Targmnian, umjobesia sul ar moismino da ar gaigo. vinc qarTuli icis gaecineba.~
axalcixe-ninowminda informacias iRebs televiziidan, `ZiriTadad Cveni informacia Zalian Secvlilia, ar
aris marTali, vinaidan mTel informacias viRebT ruseTis telearxebidan, qarTulidan TiTqmis araferi ar
gvesmis, amitom viciT problebis mxolod erTi mxare da am mxares gamovxatavT. Cven rom meore
mxares vigebdeT, albaT SevadarebdiT erTmaneTs da raime daskvnas gavakeTebdiT. amitom Cveni
gancxadebebi mkveTria da Tqven SeiZleba CaTvaloT, rom araswori~. aq ZiriTadad uyureben ОРТ,
НТВ, imeds, Tumca yvelas ar aqvs, I arxi. erevnidan viRebT I arxs, axalqalaqidan aris kidev adgilobrivi
arxi II. axalgazrdaTa TqmiT `aravin ar icis ra xdeba saqarTveloSi, axla sinqronuli Targmana daiwyes da
vigebT.
davaxasiaToT socialur institutebi –parlamenti, policia, sasamarTlo, politikuri partiebi, religiis
institutebi, mas media, jari, ganaTlebis sistema, saministroebi. SevafasoT.

      unda aRiniSnos, rom socialuri institutebze gamoTqmisas azris monawileebi ar iyvnen
       erTsulovanni da xSirad erT mosazrebas maSinaTve sapirispiro moyveboda. magaliTad
       gamoiTqva mosazreba, rom patruli kargad muSaobs. magram iTqva isic, rom patrulma
       amoyiravebul manqanas Cauara da reagireba ar moaxdina. SedarebiT erTsulovani iyvnen
       axalcixeli monawileebi jaris mimarT, maTi azriT jars gadametebul yuradRebas aqcevs mTavroba.
       `jari imisTvis undaT rom, vTqvaT, momavalSi iq samaCabloa, afxazeTi, iq axalqalaqi da
       magisTvis Wirdeba jari Torem sxva raSia saWiro. jars rom umateben xelfass, maswavleblebi ra
       SuaSi arian. ganaTleba ar Wirdeba saxelmwifos?! is afxazeTi ar SemogierTddeba Sen. Sen gaqvs
       damsxvreuli ekonomika. prezidenti ras akeTebs, yidis rac iyideba da iseT saqmeSi debs fuls rom
       is saqme Semosavals ar iZleva. gayida foTis porti, Cado jarSi. jars gaukeTebs saWmels im fuliT

                                                                                                       63
SeaWamevs da aRar iqneba. iqidan araferi Semogiva. Sen ise unda aawyo qveyana afxazeTs
TviTon moundes SenTan SemoerTeba. aranairi Sedegi, ukan-ukan midis yvelaferi. ratom unda es
jarebi, rom daangrios rame. ufro kargi ar iqneba viRacasTan is problema normalurad moagvaros?
imas nu vityviT jari ar unda. jari rogor ar unda qveyanas Tu jari ara yavs ar iqneba. bolo
kapikamde ar unda axarjavdes jars da ar SeiZleba marto jars aqceven yuradRebas~. mTavrobis
misamarTiT kvlav gamoiTqva kritika, Tanac wina mTavrobasTan SedarebiT ufro mkacri.
mosazrebaTa Soris: gaxsnas fabrika-qarxnebi, moxdes xalxis dasaqmeba. aseve yuradReba
miaqcion glexebs da zogadad socialur problemebs: `kaxeTi yovel wels rom amden zarals
naxulobs, modi ra mixede im glexobas da Seni produqcia gamouSvi. cxinvalic gadaketes...
saqarTvelos yvelanairi piroba aqvs, rom kargi ekonomika hqondes. vazebs iseT qveyanaSi
amravleben sadac ar aris saTanado pirobebi. saqarTveloSi xom gvaqvs pirobebi, Tan Zalian kargi,
magram aravin ar aqcevs amas yuradRebas. ratom unda Rirdes franguli Rvino 15 dolari da qarTuli
Rvino 2 lari saqarTveloSi. borjomi mTels msoflioSia cnobilia. xalxi Zalian gamwarebulia. wyalze
ra ambavi iyo quTaisSi parlamentarebma rom miuzides viTom or ori vedro. SevardnaZis dros
aseTi gaWirveba ar gvinaxiao da marto imisTvis vWirdebodiT rom revoluciaze gavediT da
vardebi vafrialeT.~ amasTanave, kritika mimarTulia ara mxolod prezidentze, aramed mTlianad
saqarTvelos xelisuflebasa da mis politikaze: `aslan abaSiZe aSenebda, manam ar gadaayenes ar
moisvenes exla yvelaferi gayidulia. baTumSi aCvenes aslan abaSiZes risi gakeTeba undoda. ar
ereoda biznesSi da Tavisuflebas aZlevda mas, exla im adamians am biznesSi naxevars arTmevs
saxelmwifo. SeiZleba iyo korufcia, magram xalxi ar iyo gaWirvebis am doneze. SeiZleba iyo
korufcia, magram imdens axarjavda baTums, qalaqi aayvava... Suqi mTel qalaqs qonda.
SevardnaZis dros reJimSi mainc viyaviT. axalcixeSi rom CamoxvideT da wyali dainaxoT
SegezizRebaT zRva ufro sufTaa. zangebi xom ar varT axalcixeSi. arc prezidenti Camodis, arc
premier ministri, me mgoni, yvelgan iyo, saerTod, axalcixis garda~. minisrTa kabinetis muSaobis
Sefasebisas respodentebi ganagrZoben Temas, romelic exeboda prezidentisaaTvis rCevis
micemas: `me gamovyofdi ministrTa kabinetis muSaobas da Sesabamisad ministrebs.
dResdReobiT xelisuflebaSi myofi pirebi arian mcirewlovanebi, romelTac ara aqvT gamocdileba.
Tanamdebobebze moxvdnen imis gamo rom ucxoeTSi aqvT swavla-ganaTleba miRebuli.
ministrebis saqmianoba aris sakmaod miuRebeli CemTvis. Tu aviRebT benduqiZis magaliTs, is
eweva araqarTul politikas. prezidenti unda mixvdes rom aseTi adamianebi gauSvas
Tanamdebobidan. imitom rom igive portis Tu sxvadasxva ZiriTadi dargebis gasxviseba me mgoni
arcTu ise momgebiani iqneba qarTveli erisTvis erTdroulad ki ar SeiZleba es etapobrivad moxdes.
imitom rom dResdReobiT fuli gvesaWiroeba da amiTi Cvenc Semosavals viRebT, magram
Semdgom am fulis araorganizebulad gamoyeneba ar mimaCnia me sworad imitom, rom SeiZleba
es fuli aviRoT magram davabandoT ufro sxvanairad kerZod gavxsnaT sxvadasxva sawarmo

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    firmebi an organizaciebi mosaxleoba davasaqmoT, magram erTjeradi RonisZiebebis
    ganxorcieleba rogoric iyo, vTqvaT, pensiebis gadaxda an glexebisaTvis 20 litri sawvavis
    miwodeba, me mgoni arcTu ise gamarTlebuli aris. imitom, rom xSir SemTxvevaSi es gaweuli
    RonisZiebebi daniSnulebis adgilzec ar midis imis gamo, rom qveyanaSi korufciaa~. ministrTa
    kabinetis mimarT gamoTqmul braldebas, rac prodasavlur orientaciaSi gamoixateba, respodentebi
    avrceleben sxva soc. institutebis da maT Soris ganaTlebis reformis mimarT: `ganaTlebas rac
    Seexeba ubralod qarTuli istoria amoiRes swavlebidan da ucxo enas Casves. es imas mianSnebs
    rom nel-nela qarTuli tradicia daikargeba da Semodis ucxouri. qarTvelma kacma Tu Tavis warsuli
    ar icis, Tavisi winaprebis brZola ar icis da Tavisi winaprebis moRvaweoba ar icis romelTac ase
    Semogvinaxes tradiciebi, raT unda imas inglisuri da ucxouri ena~. axalcixeli monawileebis
    politikuri prognozis pesimisturi xasiaTi parlamentzec vrceldeba, axalgazrdebis azriT ara mxolod
    araprofesionaluri kadriT dakompleqtebuli umravlesobaa dRevandeli rTuli viTarebis SeqmnaSi
    damnaSave, aramed umoqmedo opoziciac, romelTa warmomadgenlebic mxolod sakuTar
    keTildReobaze zrunaven: `parlamentsac gamovyofdi. aris parlamentis bevri kargi wevri, magram
    arian rigi parlamentarebi, kerZod, sportsmenebi, romlebsac saerTod politikasTan aranairi saqme
    ar aqvT magram ubralod maT saxelebs iyeneben kargi piarisTvis. xSir SemTxvevaSi parlamentSi
    iyrian iseTi adamianebi Tavs, romelTac aranairi warmodgena aqvT politikaze da
    gadawyvetilebebs, kanonebs iReben ubralod umravlesobis mxardasaWerad da ara TavianTi
    naazrevidan gamomdinare. garda amisa, parlamentSi saqmianoba ar momwons is, rom ZiriTadad
    iq arian umravlesobis warmomadgenlebi da Sesabamisad ar aris opozicia kargad Camoyalibebuli
    da iqneba kargi kanonproeqti, Tu cudi, umravlesobis mier wardgenili yovelTvis mtkicdeba.
    politikuri partiebi erTmaneTs amcireben. cdiloben ara saqarTvelos keTildReobisTvis aramed
    brZoloben rom moupovon saxeli Tavis partias~.
   bolniseli respodentebi gansakuTrebiT muq ferebSi jandacvis funqcionirebas axasiaTeben. isini
    aRniSnaven, rom marTalia jandacvaSi 03 ufaso, magram saavadmyofoebSi irRveva adamianis
    uflebebi. respondentebis azriT, bolnisis pirobebSi samedicino momsaxurebis done Zalian dabalia,
    TbilisSi ki eqimebis mxridan adgili aqvs fulis gamoZalvis faqts. maT daasaxeles TbilisSi
    momxdari SemTxvevebi, kerZod damwvrobis centrSi da onkologiur saavadmyofoSi. aqve
    dasZines, rom maTi informaciiT mkkurnaloba ufasoa - `eqimebi ki xelebSi Sescqerodnen
    pacientebs da mSobels, romelsac ar hqonda fuli, yuradRebas ar aqcevdnen~. ~bolnisSi Cemi
    megobris mamas operacia ar gaukeTes, sanam Tanxa ar moitana, ukvdeboda. jandacva aris
    CvenTan katastroful mdgomareobaSi. saerTod ar funqcionirebs, SeiZleba vTqva~. sakmaod
    daddebiTad daaxasiaTes bolniselma respondentebma adgilobrivi arasamTavrobo organizaciebis
    muSaoba. axlandeli sapatrulo poliis muSaoba, SedarebiT naklebbinformirebulebi iyvnen
    sasamarTlos muSaobis Sesasxeb: `bevri vici aseTi arasamTavrobo organizacia, romelic sakmaod

                                                                                                     65
    kargad muSaobs miznebic aqvs da miaRwia kidec, garkveul warmatebas. sapatrulo policia
    muSaobs kargad. sxvaTaSoris policiaSi iyo saSineli mdgomareoba. axla aRar aris, gamosworda
    absoluturad gamosworda daapatimres is xalxi. sasamarTloze ver vityvi verafers, imitom rom
    arasdros ar mqonia uSualo Sexeba. magram usamarTloba ki iyo Zalian. iqac mosyidvebi midioda,
    qrTami da yvelaferi. am droisaTvis ra xdeba ver getyviT. exla namdvilad gamosworda, vici~.
   Sereuli jgufis axalcixe-bolnisi-marneuli monawileebi SedarebiT skeptikur pozicias gamoxataven
    sasamarTlos muSaobis mimarT, iq gamefebuli korufciisa da qarTuli mentalitetis gamo: `yvelgan
    korufciaa sasamarTloebSi saerTod fulis gareSe araferi wydeba. vinmem kaci Tu mokla xom
    daapatimreben am mkvlels. fuls Tu gadaixdis aRaraa ukve damnaSave. eg ar unda arsebobdes.
    qarTvelebSi magas ver moSli~. pozitiuri Sefaseba mieca Tavdacvis saministroSi ganxorcielebul
    reformebs, ganaTlebis reformis mimarT ki sakmaod araerTgvarovani, Tumca mTlianobaSi
    dadebiTi Sefaseba gakeTda: `Zalian momwons Tavdacvis saministroSi ganxorcielebuli
    reformebi, aseve ganaTlebis sferoSic Zalian momwons. Tundac erTiani erovnuli gamocdebi
    imitom rom sakmaod perspeqtiulia. me rom vabarebdi ufro cudi situacia iyo~. `axla ufro meti
    korufcia da meti araswori is iyo. piradi gamocdileba maqvs magaSi. wels Cavabare, didi qulebi
    mqonda da gadmomisroles marneulSi. mainc midioda aq Cawyoba, bevri Secdomebi iyo
    daSvebuli. zogs granti hqonda miRebuli, saxelmwifo granti, saerTod ar hqonda adgili da gareT
    darCa. kamera xom iRebda. ki, afiqsirebda yvelafers, magram bolos mainc rCebodnen isini, vinc
    iq iyvnen damkvirveblebi da mainc awerinebdnen. zogan Zalian magari simkacre iyo. pirvel
    gamocdaze arc mobilurebi, araferi ar Segvatanines. meoreze Segvatanines da arc gauCxrekivarT
    da araferi. ar momwons me es reformebi. moCvenebiToba iyo me Tu mkiTxav. magram swavla,
    namdvilad, me mgoni gaWris. yovel SemTxvevaSi Zvel reformebs namdvilad jobia. me rom
    vabarebdi iq iseTi situaia iyo... piradad momTxoves 500 dolari moitane da SegiZlia gamocdebze
    ar gamoxvide. axla orjer mets da samjer mets rom iTxoven. sxva qveynebSi gamarTlebuli iqneba,
    imitom rom saqarTveloSi mTlanad iseTi done ar aris, rom aseTi gziT Catardes. amerikelebisagan
    gadmoiRes. amerika ufro Zlieri qveyanaa da iq gaamarTlebda es proeqti. ekonomikuradaa Zlieri,
    axalgazrdobac ufro metad ganviTarebulia, vidre saqarTveloSi, codnis doneze vambob. ucxoeTis
    universitetebSi, umaRlesebSi swavlobs is, visac swavla unda. aq yvela gamvleli universitetSia~.
    imave Sereul jgufSi negatiuri Sefaseba mieniWa jars, rac ufro moZvelebuli stereotipebiT aris
    ganpirobebuli da jandacvas: `ra minda jarSi, me aranairi survili ar maqvs... orTvians movixdi...
    me piradad, rac Tavi maxsovs, saxlSic xom meubnebodnen, Tu ver Caabareb jarSi waxval. exla
    ginda iswavle, samxedro kaTedrebi moxsnilia yvela saswavlebelSi. yvela variantSi giwevs wasvla
    jarSi. aranairi survili ar maqvs rom wavide jarSi.~ amgvari Sexeduleba rom stereotipulia, kargd
    Cans mdedrobiTi sqesis warmomadgenlis gamonaTqvamSi: `me gogo var magram Zalian kargi
    damokidebuleba maqvs jarTan da bevrjer gamomiTqvams ojaxSi survili rom jarSi unda

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       wavideTqo. Zalian momwons jarSi msaxuroba. gansakuTrebiT ki komandos jari. Cemi Zma
       saxlSi ar gamaCerebs jaris dro rom mova, vici, imitom rom kaci xar da unda moixado, jarSi
       aucilebelia.... zogs jari drois dakargvad miaCnia. garkveulwilad masea. me vfiqrob, rom
       damoukideblobas da ufro disciplinas eCvevian jarSi... gaaCnia jars. marTla rom gadawyvito jarSi
       wasvla ojaxi namdvilad ar damiSlis~. Sereul jgufSic sakmaod dadebiTad Sefasda patrulis
       dRevlandeli muSaoba: `Zalian imedi aqvs xalxs patrulis. gaaCnia patrulis pirovnebas... Tan
       gamgeblebic arian yvela. Cven axla ,,prava" ar gvaqvs ise davdivarT xolme biWebi. bevrjer
       gavuCerebivarT, magram adamianuri eniT rom daelaparakebi, gagiSveben. adamianurad Wris.
       adre gai rom iyo ,,prosta" gagaCerebdnen ar moewonebodaT da mieci ori lari .. Tu gagiWirda
       rameSi gexmarebian~.
      saintereso mosazrebas gamoTqvams monawile marneulidan, sadac kargad ikveTeba sakuTar
       survilebsa da misi uaxloesi sociumis Sexedulebebs Soris gansvla: `minda viswavlo policiis
       akademiaSi da ar manebeben, radgan marneulSi cudad uyureben am samuSaos. fuls iReben,
       policielebs ZaRlebs eZaxian~. zogadad pozitiurad xasiaTdeba policiis muSaoba. negatiurad
       parlamentis da ambivalenturad jaris muSaoba: `policia exla kargad muSaobs. patruli dadis
       gamosworda mdgomareoba. parlamentSi Cxubis garda arafers akeTeben, erTmaneTs akritikeben..
       jarSi adre fuls aZlevdnen da saxlSi tovebdnen. axla simkacrea, unda wavidnen jarSi 1 wliT. me jer
       ar miwevs, jer vswavlob, patara var. 18 wlis rogorc ki gaxdebi 2 TveSi wagiyvanen. bevrs cxvenia
       da fuls aZlevs, rom ar waiyvanon jarSi. Cven unda davicvaT Cveni saxelmwifo. qarTul jarSi
       yvelaferi ise ar aris, rogorc televizorSi aCveneben, oTaxebi daketili aqvT, roca iq midian
       gadasaRebad televizorSi oTaxs aReben da aCveneben. Cemi deidaSvili dadis da asea. leibi
       WuWyiani iyo. tanze gamouvida gamonayari, tilebi qonda, saxlSi ar gauSves, rom emkurnala da
       eqimTan waeyvanaT~. `winasTan SedarebiT axla ukeTesi mdgomareobaa. bevri rame
       gamosasworebelia bevri rame gakeTda, bevri rame gasakeTebelia, cvlilebebi aris ukeTesobisken,
       rac iyo imasTan SedarebiT ukeTesia~. `rac Seexeba jars, Tuki me vcxovrob saqarTveloSi...
       raTqmaunda Cven unda davicvaT Cveni samSoblo. raTqmaunda aravis ar unda, magram
       mogviwevs. es samSoblos winaSe valia.ai, am azerbaijanlebis 90% jarSi ar midis da risi eSiniaT.
       Raribi ojaxidan aravin ar aris da yvelas imisi eSiniaT ratomRac rom Cven jarSi gvcemeno da
       raRac, magram es ase ar aris, TeTriwyaros samxedro batalioni iyo SevardnaZis dros naTesavi
       muSaobda avdiodi da viyavi dilidan saRamomde SarSan, SarSanwin. aq azerbaijanlebi iyvnen,
       qarTvelebic da rogorc qarTvelTan saubrobda meTauri, ise esaubreboda azerbaijanels da
       azerbaijaneli qarTvels da qarTveli azerbaijanels.~
rac Seexeba ganaTlebis sistemas, aq problemebs ZiriTadad marnulis araqarTveli axalgazrdoba xedavs,
rac qarTveli monawilis protests iwvevs: `iciT, me yvelaferi momwons, magram ganaTlebis sistema raRac
cudi mimarTulebiT midis...mag. amboben, rom 1 an 2 weliwadSi yvela rusuli skola qarTulad

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gadakeTdeba da azerbaijanulic. TbilisSi yvela rusuli seqtori daixura - naTesavebma miTxres. vswavlob
me-6 rusul skolaSi, CvenTan ukve 9 klasi aris qarTuli, naxevari skola qarTulia. skolis II naxevari
zoologiis instituts ukavia, sadac aseve naxevari qarTuli seqtoria, naxevari rusuli darCa. gayofilia,
naxevars rusulad aswavlian, naxevars qarTulad. Tqven axlaxans TqviT, rom saqarTvelo internecionaluri
saxelmwifoa. aq unda iyos azerbaijanuli skola, qarTulic da rusulic. ki aris, magram TandaTan
amcireben.~ qarTveli monawile sakmaod mkveTrad reagirebs `zooteqnikur universitetSi SeiZleba
azerbaijanelsac undodes swavla da qarTvelsac. marto rusulad verc qarTvels aswavlis da marto qarTulad
verc azerbaijanels. unda iyos 2 fakulteti da 2 ganxra. imitom aris gayofili. Sen ro ginda, mec minda
viswavlo da me minda qarTulad, marneulSi 6 skolaa 3 azerbaijanuli, 2 rusuli da 1 qarTuli. qarTul miwaze
1 skola qarTuli. enis swavla mkacr maswavlebelzec aris damokidebuli da adamianzec, TviTon Tu ar
moindoma, aseTi adamianisTvia adgili arc saqarTveloSi ar iqneba da arc ruseTSi, erTaderTi gzaa
wavides baqoSi. erTi garemoeba aris kidev. marneulidan arc erTi qarTveli ar Sesula rusul da azerbaijanul
skolaSi, magram azerbaijanlebi Zalian bevrni dadian qarTul skolaSi qarTulis saswavleblad. Tu ar
sWirdebaT es qarTuli da es saqarTvelo, ratom dadian qarTul skolaSi da gadian qarTul istorias? xom
undaT xelisuflebaSi mosvla, rogorc arian Cvens gamgeobaSi.~ aqve qarTveli monawile yveba
SemTxvevas, rodesac gamgeobidan iyo SerCeva kargi moswavleebis. misi TqmiT TurqeTSi 10 dRiani
eqskursiiT skolidan wavida 2 azerbaijaneli moswavle, rogorc respodenti uwodebs - `kargi mamikos
biWi~, maSin rodesac SerCevis kriteriumi unda yofiliyo kargi moswavleoba. saubrisas axalgazrda
imdenad emociuria, rom ar iTvaliswinebs im faqts, rom Turquli da azerbaijanuli enebi erTmaneTs gavs,
razec miuTiTeben azerbaijaneli monawileeebi: `SexedeT erTi, aman arc rusuli ar icis da arc azerbaijanuli,
rogor daelaparakebodnen Turqebi?~
azerbaijaneli monawileebi cdiloben TavianTi poziciidan Seaxedon problemas: `Tuki yvela skola iqneba
qarTuli da ramdenime weliwadSi amerika mTel saqarTvelos daiWers, yvela ambobs, skolebi iqneba
inglisuri, Sen momavals, Svilebs inglisis istorias aswavlian, qarTuli ar ecodinebaT, ar moundebaT
qarTulad laparaki, kargi iqneba? Sen gesiamovneboda?~
arasaxarbielod Sefasda policiisa da parlamentis muSaobac: `policia Zalian cudad muSaobs. Cvens
sofelSi mezoblis saxli 2jer gaqurdes, padvali gatexes da aluminis qvabebi waiRes.` `arc prezidenti
muSaobs normalurad da arc parlamenti...yvela Tavis jibisTvis muSaobs. ar anaRvlebT Tuki erTi mSieri
darCeba da meore maZRari~.
      axalqalaqeli monawileebis azriT yvelaze kargad policia da jan.dacva muSaobs - `axali
       saavadmyofo aaSenes, SesaZloa raRac aparatura ar gvaqvs, magram eqimebi kargi gvyavs.
       dedaCemi eqimia da yvelaferi kargad aqvT~. respodentebi ukmayofilebas gamoTqvamen
       parlamentis misamarTiT da dadebiT konteqstSi moixsenieben TavianT gamgebels: `parlamentSi
       simarTle rom vTqvaT ar zis Wkviani xalxi, fuliT moxvdnen. gamgebeli gvyavda muradiani, exla
       TbilisSia, ar viciT rad muSaobs, Zalian samarTliani iyo, radgan Zalian kargi adamiani iyo. erTis

                                                                                                       68
         mxriv ukeTesia, rom axalgazrdebi arian, magram meores mxriv axlandeli codna iseTi ar aris
         rogorc adre.~ aseve uaryofiTad aris Sefasebuli sasamarTlos muSaoba - `sasamarTloc mosyidulia
         fulze. magaliTad, Cven ojasx saqme hqonda wels. iq gviTxres, rom Tu 1 Tvis ganmavlobaSi ar
         daiwera Civili, araferi ar iqneba, SegiZliaT aaSenoT, rac gindaT, magram 2 Tvis Semdeg daiwera
         saCivari da ise ewera, viTom 1 Tvis Tavze iyo dawerili. gasuli ricxviT gaaformes, arakanonierad.
         religiuri institutebis daxasiaTebisas saubroben sxvadasxva seqtebze da uaryofiTad moixsenieben
         musulmanobas: `religiuri institutebi normalurad muSaoben, Cveni wminda mama somxeTidanaa,
         grigorianeli. yvelani aq grigorianelabi varT, me marTlmadidebali. me kaTolike. seqtebic gvaqvs
         (SecdomiT iTqva seqciebi) 50-ianelebi, ieRovas mimdevrebi. Cven rom grigirianelebi viyoT ar
         aris aucilebeli, iq rusebic dadian~. `saerTod umjobesia iyo aTeisti~. `Cemi azriT RmerTi erTia da
         ara aqvs mniSvneloba romel eklesiaSi ivli. erTni Rmers amboben, sxvani alahs. imitomac ar
         momawons musulmanebi, rom alahs amboben~.
rac Seexeba jars, erTi Tvis winaxalqalaqSi Zalian seriozuli sakiTxi dadga, rogor eqcevian qarTul jarSi
somxebs. `mag. qarTveli kiTxulobs romeli saaTia, somexi pasuxobs 2 saaTi. qarTveli eubneba, ratom
ityuebo, 2 saaTi da 1 wuTia da dauwyeben cemas. ai, ase eqcevian erovnuli sakiTxis mixedviT. televiziiT
aZlevdnen intervius. polkovniki da generali Camovida. jari SeiZleba moisyido da ar imsaxuro. me ar
wavidodi jarSi. arc Cven. rogor ar wavidodi, roca momiwevs unda wavide, roca davamTavreb instituts
waval.
erTs unda meores ara, RmerTma nu qnas, omi daiwyos, maSin yvela unda wavides, da eseni Cxuboben,
kamaToben, ar momwons me es yvelaferi~. axalqalaqel respodentebs ar aqvT aranairi informacia
adamianTa uflebebis damcveli organizaciis Sesaxeb, aseve ar ician rogor muSaoben arasamTavrobno
organizaciebi - `arasamTavrobo organizaciebi CvenTan aris, magram ar viciT rogor muSaoben~.
warmomadgenlebi ninowmindadan Tvlian, rom yvelaze rTuli samuSaoa politika. am sferoSi dakavebul
adamianebs mosaxleoba pasuxs Txovs, Tuki raime problema Seiqmna, maT mimarTavs da Civis. xalxi.
igive SeiZleba iTqvas pirebze, romlebic policiaSi da saavadmyofoSi muSaoben, maT ar undaT aq
muSaoba: `CvenTan aris saavadmyofo da iq Aaravin ar dadis, ar endobian, eqimebi cotani darCnen.
yvelani erevanSi midian, erevanSi miyavT avadmyofebi. exla gamoCnda saswrafo daxmarebis 2
manqana. manqanebic ar iyo da erevanidan viZaxebdiT, zogjer ver aswrebdnen da xalxi iRupeboda.~
monawileTa azriT ara mxolod jan.dacva, aramed prezidenti da parlamentic ar muSaoben kargad.
mwvaved dgas aseve jaris sakiTxic, respodentebi kidev erTxel miuTiTeben ruseTis jaris datovebis
aucileblobaze: `Cven biWebs jarSi ar uSveben, rom samxedro institurSi Caabaron mxolod saqarTveloSi.
skolaSi somxuri enis moxsna undodaT, rom Cven somxeTSi ar viswavloT. CvenTvis ukeTesia somxeTSi
rom viswavloT.
Cven biWebs cemdnen da amcirebdnen saqarTvelos jarSi, biWebi gamoiqcnen, `somexos~ eZaxdnen da
sikvdilamde scemdnen, radgan cotani iyvnen. me TviTon vnaxe, gazeTebSi werdnen.

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vnaxeT kidec da gavigeT kidec, rodesac iqedan gamoiqcnen da ninowmindaSi gadmoiyvanes.
Cven roca jari mogviwevs, albaT mogviwevs fulis Segroveba, rom jarSi ar wavideT. yvela adamians
erTnairi ufleba unda hqondes. qaerTvelebi iqnebian Tu araqarTvelebi, rom ar gaiqcnen. CvenTan cotani
arian jariskacebi. aseTi konfliqtebi CvenTan saerTod ar xdeba, es ambavi 1 Tvis win moxda. 2-3 jer
moxda msgavsi ram. 10 somexze 50 qarTveli modioda.
Tuki ruseTis moqalaqeebs gaiyvanen axalqalaqidan, mravali axalqalaqeli umuSevari darCeba. yvelaze
lamazi adgili qalaqSi `garadokia~, sadac rusebi arian~.
axalcixe-ninowminda - jandacvaSi yvelaze dabali xelfasebi aqvT raionSi ubralo med.debs da eqimebsac
da Zalian daban donezea saavadmyofoebis teqnikuri pirobebi, Tanac yvelaze cudebi Camodian
samuSaod, Tumca mdgomareoba amJamad Seicvala, saavadmyofoebs uaxlesi teqnologiiT amarageben,
eqimebs xelfass uzrdia, Tumca sakiTxi mwvavea da saswrafo gadawyvetas saWiroebs Tanxebis nawili,
romlebic miRebli iqneba sxva saxelmwifoebidan da arasamTavroebebidan mimarTuli unda iyos
jandacvaze. is saxelmwifo SeiZleba CaiTvalos demokratiulad da Tanamedroved, romlis samedicino
dawesebulebebSi maRalkvalificirebuli med.personaliT aris dakompleqtebuli. Cveni eqimebi aq ver
akeTeben urTules operaciebs da avadmyofebi xSir SemTxvevaSi iZulebulebi arian gaemgzamron
TbilisSi an erevanSi, gza ki Zalian didia da SeiZleba adamiani gzaSi daiRupos.
rac Seexeba jars, aucileblad wavalT, es xom Cveni qveyanaa da unda davicvaT. `dedovSina~ yvelgan
aris, magram roca nawilSi somexia, Sors daiWire qarTveli. televizorSi uCvenebdnen, rogor cemdnen da
amcirebdnen qarTvelebi somxebs. abuCad agdeba yvelgan aris, ruseTSic, somxebis da saerTod
kavkasielebis mimarT, magram aq is done ar aris jarSi, ar aris komforti, rac saWiroa jariskacebisaTvis.
arc ruseTi misula evropul donemde, yvelaze kargi pirobebi d.s.TSi, yazaxeTsa da somxeTSia, televizorSi
vnaxe - ОРТ
ris gamo warmoiqmneba konfliqtebi zogadad da ra faqtorebi SeiZleba ganapirobeben konfliqtebis
mogvarebas?

axalcixeli monawileebis azriT konfliqtebs qmnis saxelmwifo. magaliTad moyavT denis SemTxveva, roca
erTnair pirobebSi zogi ixdis da ar aqvs deni, xolo sxva ar ixdis da ,,levi“ xazis xarjze deni aqvs.
upirispirdeba uamravi xalxi erTmeneTs da ase Cndeba problemebi. `SeZlebulebi ar ixdian am fuls,
saxelmwifo ki iseT problemebs qmnis rom Zalauneburad waeCxubebi mezobels. ratom unda iyos erTi
mricxveli, roca Cem mezobels Carxi aqvs da me marto ,,lampoCka“.~ maTi azriT xalxi imdenad
gaRizianebulia am cxovrebisgan, imdeni problemebi aqvs, rom umniSvnelo raRacazec ki feTqdebian,
anu nervebi aRar yofniT. ekonomikuri pirobebi da umuSevroba im donezea axalcixeSi dayvanili, rom
umizezo raRacaze SeiZleba eCxubo Sen mezobels, mere inano. konfliqtebis mogvarebaSi mTavari roli
unda iTamaSos saxelmwifom da aseve xeli Seuwyos mosaxleobam. saxelmwifom unda Seuqmnan imiT,
rom wavidnen TavianT qveyanaSi, Seuqmnas iseTi pirobebi, rom mosaxleobam imuSaos. `ase mgonia,
es uTanxmoebebi ar mogvardeba somxebs da qarTvelebs Soris da saerTod... eTnikuri problemebi da

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ganxeTqileba axalcixeSi xdeba ufro axalgazrdebs Soris, ufro biWebs Soris. ufro mozard TaobaSi,
gardatexis asakSi. eklesiaze warmoiSva problema da jvarze. gvardeba, serozuli ar aris. konfliqtebi ufro
molaparakebis gziT una gadawydes. ruseTSi jarebi unda gasuliyo saqarTvelodan, axalqalaqis nawilzea
laparaki da aWaridan, xalxi winaaRmdegi iyo, saqarTvelos warmomadgenlebma bolos SeZles da
moagvares es saqme. jerjerobiT albaT unda SevarCioT kargi momlaparakebeli. magaliTad, afxazeTis da
saqarTvelos sakiTxi, gvinda afxazeTis dabruneba, arc erTi ar midis aranair kompromisze. Tavidanve
unda gansazRvron rom raze SeuZliaT wavidnenMda ra daTmon. arc erTs ara aqvs imis imedi rom
molaparakeba gamoiRebs Sedegs. SeiZleba Sedegi ar Candes magram xom uCans is piri, rom es
problema mogvarebadia. amas yvelafers dro sWirdeba. pirovnebaTSorisi konfliqti yalibdeba
adamianebis Sexedulebebidan gamomdinare. saerTod, maTi miznebidan da interesebidan gamomdinare,
magram rac Seexeba saxelmwifoTaSoris konfliqts msoflioSi adgilis damkvidrebasTan aris dakavSirebuli.
an igive savaWro bazarze, saerTaSoriso bazarze damkvidrebis mizniT, an SeiZleba iyos teritoriuli
niSniTac ganpirobebuli es konfliqtebi. konfliqtebis gadawyvetis saSualebebidan saerTod gamovricxav
omis arsebobas. vfiqrob rom konfliqtis gadawyveta unda moxdes mSvidobiani gziT, kerZod
molaparakebis gziT. iqidan gamomdinare rom TiToeul mxares Tavisi moTxovnebi aqvs da Tavisi pozicia
myarad aqvs Camoyalibebuli isini daTmobebze arcTu ise iolad wavlen, amitom ara Tu gamovricxav,
piriqiT momxrec ki var saerTaSoriso organizaciebis Carevisa konfliqtebSi da maTi wvlilisa am
konfliqtebis gadawyvetis sakiTxSi. elementarulad orive mxare unda wavides raRac kompromisze.

      bolnisi erTmaneTs ver ugeben, sxvadasxva azri aqvT. urTierTgageba ar aris. daTmobaze ver
       midian. yvelaze xSirad konfliqtebi xdeba uflebebis darRvevis SemTxvevaSi. piraduli, vTqvaT
       adamianebs Soris da saxelmwifoebs Soris ufro albaT ekonomiuri da sxvadasxva sakiTxebSi.
       gansxvavebuli religiis niadagze. ai, osebsa da saqarTvelos Soris rom aris konfliqti, oseTs unda
       rom calke respublika iyos, damoukidebeli da saqarTvelo ar uSvebs amas da xdeba konfliqti.
       vTqvaT, azerbaijani da somxebi, winaprebisganac mtrebi arian erTmaneTTan. aseTi SemTxveva
       iyo, erTi somexi biWi sporcmeni iyo da wavida amerikaSi. azerbaijaneli biWic iq iyo. Rame
       daiZines da diliT somexi biWi aRar Canda. wavidnen da naxes, rom yeli gamoWrili aqvs.
       aRmoCnda, rom mokla azerbaijanelma. HTV –ze iyo. 1 Tvis win. kiTxes rato gaakeTeo da
       upasuxa, rom Cemi winaprebis mteri iyo da samagiero gadauxadeo. Tavisi megobrebi aqebdnen,
       rom aseTi magaria. vinc daibada im biWis saxeli daarqves. azerbaijaneli, mkvleli, rogorc gmiri ise
       miiRes Tavisi erovnebis xalxma. unergavdnen, vTqvaT, mSobeli Svils, rom is cudia da ase zrdida.
       istoriaSi rom swavlobdnen eseni midis pirdapir sisxlSi. winaswari ganwyobebi aqvT.
       saxelmwifoebi unda SeTanxmdnen erTmaneTTan. xelmZRvanelebi ki ara xalxi unda
       SeTanxmdes, mere es xelmwifoebi. erT-erTi daTmobaze unda wavides aucileblad. SeiZleba es
       daTmoba sabediswero iyos misTvis da rogor SeiZleba aseT SemTxvevaSi. orive unda wavides
       patara daTmobaze, rom erTmaneTs gaugon. konfliqti SeiZleba sul ubralo raRacisgan mogvixdes.

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    aravin arasdros ar varT dazRveuli. xSirad exla rom dajgufebebi Semovidnen ieRovelebi da
    baptistebi, me miwevs magaliTad konfliqti sarwmunoebis gamo. eTnikuri albaT ufro istoriulidan
    gamomdinare modis da Taobidan Taobas gadmoecema. axlac rom vzivarT jgufSi da viwyebT
    muSaobas an eTnikurTan dakavSirebiT an erovnebasTan an teritoriebTan dakavSirebiT Zalian
    xSirad wamoWreba xolme kamaTi bavSvbs Soris. Tundac es magaliTi yarabaxsa... erTi yviris
    Cemia, meore yviris Cemia. es SeiZleba bavSvuri azria, magram gaizrdeba es pirovneba, mere es
    ufro gamwvavdeba magaSi da es grZeldeba. me vTvli, rom es Taobidan Taobaze gadadis es
    konfliqtebi iqedan aris warmoqmnili. istoriulad rom ar momxdariyo es ambavi, dResdReobiT xom
    aRar vityodiT Cemia. anu yvela ers Tavisi teritoria eqneboda. musulmanebsa da qarTvelebs Soris
    mainc saerTo verasdros ver gamoinaxeba, saqmiani urTierTobebis garda.
   Sereuli jgufis monawileebi miiCneven rom konfliqts safuZvlad udevs gansxavebuli azri rac
    Semdeg gadaizrdeba globalur konfliqtSi. "konfliqti iwyeba sxvadasxva azris gamo. mere konfliqti
    gadaizrdeba ufro did masStabebSi. masa Caereva masSi. sxvadasxva miznebi aqvT, sxva azri da
    mere es izrdeba da gadaizrdeba globalur konfliqtSi. mere amis mogvareba da mediatorebis
    CarTva albaT ukve uazrobaa. marto saxelmwifo xom ar aris. xalxi TviTon igives fiqrobs.
    sxvadasxva saxelmwifoSi xom sxvadasxva xalxia".
   Sereuli jgufis monawileebi aRniSnaven, rom konfliqtebi saqarTveloSi yovelTvis mesame mxaris
    mier iyo provocirebuli. '"saqarTvelos konfliqtebs Tu aviRebT, aq yovelTvis iyo Careuli mesame
    mxare da waqezebis momenti iyo. raRaca Zveli, Tundac patara, SuRli gauRviZes adamianebs,
    xalxs da amis gamo gamoiwvies konfliqti. konfliqtmac xeli misca ruseTs, am SemTxvevaSi
    Zalian warmatebuli gamodga es mesame mxarisTvis. yovelTvis akeTebs ruseTi magas".
    "mezobelia mainc xom ici karg naTesavs cudi mezobeli jobiao. mezobelia da ar SeiZleba
    daZabuli urTierToba. sul rom yvelafers Tavi daanebo, garkveuli importi Semodis iqedan".
    respondentebi iseve rogorc xedaven mesame mxaris arsebobas konfliqtis warmoqmnaSi aseve
    aRniSnaven mis mniSvnelovan rols konfliqtis mogvarebaSi. "yvela konfliqti mogvarebadia,
    magram gaaCnia mogvarebis gzebs. sxva saxelmwifo unda Caerios isev am ori saxelmwifos
    konfliqtSi. am SemTxvevaSi, albaT mediatori unda iyos ukve sxva saxelmwifo. romelic ufro
    ganviTarebulia da misi daxmarebiT SeiZleba kide raRaca gamovides. Torem es ori saxelmwifo
    Tu aris erTmaneTTan dapirispirebuli da aseve erTmaneTi Tu ezizRebaT, gindac ori pirovneba
    aviRoT, araferi gamova. SeiZleba moxdes Tundac elementarulad informaciis damaxinjeba da ar
    moxerxes SeTanxmeba. mTeli 13 welia Cveni konfliqtebi gvardeba, imitom ver mogvarda, rom
    aTasnairi mediatori gamoicvales. iyo SemTxvevebi roca molaparakebebi TiTqmis gadawyvetaze
    iyo misuli. Caeria viRaca da isev auria. am SemTxvevaSi, me vfiqrob Cven saqarTvelos
    magaliTze, rom ufro kargi iqneba Tu dajdeba es ori xalxis warmomadgeneli da ara mTavrobis



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    warmomadgenlebi dasxebian da dailaparakeben. ese ufro bevrad perspeqtiulia, vidre is rom
    viRaca Camova da Taviseburad..."
   marneulel respondentebs konfliqtze saubrisas konkretuli yofiTi magaliTebi moyavT. "dauSvaT
    uTanxmoeba warmoiSva azerbaijanlebsa da qarTvelebs Soris. azerbaijanlebi TavianT jgufs
    Seagroveben, qarTvelebi TavianTs. warmoiqmneba konfliqti. adre yovel dRe xdeboda aseTi
    konfliqtebi, exla cotaa". azerbaijaneli respondentebis azriT konfliqtebi ZiriTadad svanebis
    provocirebulia. "svanebis bralia. svanebi Zalian icaven qarTvelebs, svanebi rom ara qarTvelebs
    Zalin gauWirdebodaT marneulSi. bevri Selaparakebebia. zogierTi svani gogo daniT dadis. maTze
    nawarmoebis dawera SeiZleba # 1 mebrZolebi arian". "marneulSi 90% azerbaijanlebi arian, Cven
    ena ar viciT. arian qarTvelebi, romlebic megobroben azerbaijanelebTan. Tu ena ici, qarTuli,
    imaTi Zma xar, Tu ara da ara. Cemi Zma megobrobs TaTrebTan. sul ar ician imaT qarTuli.
    Cemma Zmam iswavla imaTi TaTruli ena. wyinT roca TaTrebs veZaxiT, unda azerbaijanelebi
    dauZaxoT. SeCveulebi varT. arian qarTvelebi, romlebic marneulSi cxovroben, sufTad ician
    azerbaijanuli da Cven azerbaijanlebma ar viciT qarTuli. me magaliTad sul 2 welia rac marneulSi
    Camovedi da viswavli". "adre zewola ar iyo, exla zewolaa da amitom iZulebulebiverT viswavloT
    qarTuli ena, exla saWiroa. ukeTesia, roca zewolis gareSe gaswavlian, magram Cven ara gvyavda
    aseTi kadri. arada qarTuli gvWirdeba, Cven xom saqarTveloSi vcxovrobT. marto skolaSi ver
    iswavlian salaparako qarTuls, amisaTvis saWiroa urTierToba hqondes qarTvelebTan. centri rom
    aris gaxsnili iq SeiZleba moxdes aseTi urTierToba. sxva adgilas ver Sevxvdebi qarTvelebs.
    davdivar im centrSi, axla qarTuli cota vici. qarTvelebma bevrma ician azerbaijanuli ena da
    azerbaijanelebi ar ician qarTuli ena~.
   marneulis jgufis qarTveli monawileebi konfliqtis mizezad miiCneven gansxvavebul
    Sexedulebebs, politikur ideologias da teritoriaze pretenzias. "SeuTanxmebeli Sexedulebebis
    gamo, roca erTsulovnad ar xdeba raimes miReba. sapirispiro ideebis gamo. politikaSi, magaliTad,
    ideologiis TvalsazrisiT, xom aris parlamenti da opozicia. amisda mixedviT warmoiqmneba
    konfliqti". "konfliqtebi istoriulad xdeboda da momavalSic iqneba. konfliqtebis umravlesoba miwis
    gamo xdeba. yvelas unda, rom esa Tu is teritoria iyos mis saxelmwifoSi~. respondentebi
    afxazeTis konfliqts ganixilaven da ruseTs adanaSauleben. isini Tvlian, rom samxedro bazebis
    gasvlis Semdeg aRniSnuli teritoria saqarTvelos daubrundeba. "afxazeTis konfliqti es aris me
    mgoni rusebis brali. aseve, memgoni afxazebi iseTi daumarcxeblebi ar arian, rom saqarTvelom es
    erTi muWa xalxi daamarcxos. saqarTvelo 91-92 wlebSi iyo sul mTlad danawevrebuli da imden
    xans ibrZoda rom im omis mogeba kidev SeeZlo, rom ara ruseTi. rusebis samxedro bazebi rom
    gavidnen afxazeTidan, memgoni, afxazeTi iqneba Cveni. SevardnaZeze metad saakaSvilis mjera,
    rom dagvibrunebs afxazeTs. SeiZleba dRes soxumSi vmjdariyaviT zRvis piras da iq gvelaparaka
    am Temaze. policia unda Sesuliyo iq afxazeTSi da ara samxedro jarebi. jarebi roca Seiyvana

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       Cvenma xelisuflebam, es niSnavda omis dawyebas da amitom davkargeT Cven afxazeTi. Cemi 4
       biZa ibrZoda iq. erTi iq darCa. meore nodar naTaZesTan erTad 3 Tve dakarguli iyo da 3 kvira
       balaxs Wamda. rodesac Camovida iciT ras iZaxda? 2 kacio afxazi da rusio winidan gvesrodao da
       3 kaci Cveni qarTveli gvesroda uknidano. mainc 1 sofels rom aviRebdiT da meoreze Setevaze
       gadavdiodiT, brZaneba ismoda ukan daixieTo. manam afxazeTis omi daiwyeboda afxazeTi ukve
       gayiduli iyo. mamaCemic iyo afxazeTis omis monawile da cali TvaliT aris dainvalidebuli. Cveni
       problema ar aris, es yvelas problemaa. aq vinc vzivarT, rogorc Cemi problema aris. SeiZleba
       Cemi problema aris da amaTTvis gulTan misatani ar iyos ise, magram amaTi problemac (jgufSi
       mdomi azerbaijanlebis misamarTiT) aris aseve. saqarTvelos miwa-wyalze cxovroben da
       saqarTvelos moqalaqeebi arian. rogorc me Semtkiva guli saqarTveloze, ise amaT unda SetkiodeT.
       xo Cven aq vcxovrobT da es Cveni problemacaa.
      axalqalaqeli monawileebis azriT konfliqti warmoiqmneba: "roca erTmaneTs ver ugeben, pativs ar
       cemen, ganxeTTqilebaa, siuxeSe. SesaZloa specialurad gaaRvivon konfliqti, mizezi moZebnon
       erT-erTma mxarem an meore xarisxovanma adamianma, raTa sakuTari Tavi aCvenon. me vTvli,
       rom amerika amJamad muSaobs dsT-s gamocalkevebaze ruseTisagan. a.S.S warmoadgens im
       wevrs, romlic gamacalkevebelia. konfliqtis mogvarebisaTvis aucilebelia gageba, rom Senc igrZno
       Tavi kargad da sxvasac agrZnobino igive. adamianebi rom ver ugeben erTmaneTs imitomac
       xdeba omebi".
      respondentebi ninowmindidan konfliqtis mizezad socialur problemebs asaxeleben: "siRaribis
       gamo. mezoblebi Cxuboben teritoriis gamo, undaT miwebis gayofa. Cxuboben saerTo Robis
       gamo, nagvis gamo. TiToeuls unda, rom yvelaferi kargad hqondes, sxvas es ar awyobs.
       gaugebrobis gamo xdeba. isini unda mividnen erT saerTo daskvnamde, raTa yvelaferi
       gamoasworon. CvenTan yvela ruseTSi miemgzavreba saSovarze. exla kidev warmoiqmna
       problemebi vizebisa da pasportebis gamo".
      axalcixe-ninowminda: "rodesac me bolnisel azerbaijanels vkiTxe, yarabaxze, man mipasuxa: iq
       cxovrobdnen somxebi, ratom gaqurdes isini samxedro qveganayofebma. man dagmo Tavisianebi.
       me amas ar gavakeTebdi, Tqva man, es nacionaluri konfliqtia da Tuki somxebi daiwyebdnen am
       oms es mizezi eqnebodaT azerbaijanlebsac". "dabali ganaTlebis donis gamo, radgan ar ician
       demokratizmi. aseTi adamianebi yvelasTan Tanasworad miiCneven Tavs, magram saWiroa, rom
       adamianma ar ifiqros TiTqos Senze dabalia, is Tanasworad unda grZnobdes Tavs. da amitom
       qveyanas marTaven iseTi adamianebi, rogoric saakaSvilia".
romeli ucxouri organizaciebis Sesaxeb gsmeniaT, romlebic mizanmimarTulad konfliqtebis
mogvarebaze muSaoben da rogor SeafasebdiT maT muSaobas?
      respondentebi dadebiTad axasiaTeben arasamTavrobo organizaciebis muSaobas. "axalcixeSi
       World Vision – Si axalgazrdoba quCaSi birJaobis magivrad aq modis da xelovnebas swavlobs:

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    fotografias, kompiuters, inglisurs, didi SesaZleblobebia. qalTaA centri, Mercy Corp. gogonaTa
    klubia sadac gogonebs eZlevaT RonisZiebebis Catarebis saSualeba, yvelas anazRaureba aqvs 20
    $. urbanuli instituti, gamgeobas daexmara bevri ramiT. nagvis manqanebi gadasces, anu exmareba
    qalaqs yvelanairad. dasufTaveba, remonti, kompiuterebi gadmosces axalgazrdebs. Zalian
    mniSvnelovan rols TamaSobs qalaqis ganviTarebaSi. umetesad skolebis dafinanseba xdeba. wina
    wels, mag, urbanulma institutma da IFS-ma saerTo aqcia Caatara qalaqis dasasufTaveblad.
    konfliqtebis mogvarebis dargSi naRdad ar vici. mSvidobis korpusi; gaero. wiTeli jvaro,
    evrosabWo. evrosabWo araa. yvelaferia memgoni CvenTan. erTi sorosi ar aris da magasac
    moviyvanT. rogor ar aris, universitetSi aris sorosi. me var gaerTianebuli ,,hera da XXI“ da BP
    Tanatol ganmanaTlebeli var da Tanatolebs treningebs vutareb.TiToeul mxares Tavisi moTxovnebi
    aqvs da Tavisi pozicia myarad aqvs Camoyalibebuli. isini daTmobebze arcTu ise iolad wavlen,
    amitom me ara Tu gamovricxav piriqiT momxrec ki var saerTaSoriso organizaciebis Carevis.
    konfliqtebSi da maTi wvlilisa am konfliqtebis gadawyvetis sakiTxSi.
(bolnisiI) gaerTianebuli erebis organizaciaa, romelic icavs adamianis uflebebs - gaero. evropaSic aris
    raRac evrokavSiri, nato omis is aris. albaT yvela Tavis wesebiT muSaobs. yvela ecdeba imas, rom
    es ori saxelmwifo erTmaneTs Searigos. SuamdgomlobiT, rom omi ar iyos. mniSvnelovan rols
    TamaSoben. exla saqarTvelos da ruseTs Soris amerikam Suamdgomloba gauwia da ruseTi
    daTmobaze wavida. Tundac Cveni organizacia (World Vision). gaero, TbilisSi rom aris
    ombucmenis, saxalxo damcvelis. isinic xom iTvlebian amaSi.
ZiriTadad konfliqtebis mogvarebaSi ufro gaero, evrosabWo, ,,dsT"evrokavSiris muSaoba da gaeros
    muSaoba dadebiTia, imitom rom maqsimalurad cdiloben rom... ki pesimistebic ki cotaTi arian
    magram mainc aRweven garkveul warmatebebs..
(Sereuli) organizaciebi gaero, dsT, evrokavSiri, sakmaod efeqturad muSaoben
me vfiqrob aregulireben da siwynares inarCuneben regionebSi, sadac konfliqtia.
me naklebad maxsovs gadawyvetili konfliqti. yovel SemTxvevaSi saxeli mainc aqvT
raRacas akeTeben...me vfiqrob, rom mediatori rols asruleben, magram orive mxares mainc ver
    iTanxmeben srul Tanxmobaze. siwynares da simSvides inarCuneben im regionSi, sadac
    dapirispirebuli mxareebia.
(marneuliII) evrosabWoc Zalian did rols asrulebs da amerikis SeerTebuli Statebic. oseTia, samxreT-
    aRmosavleTis ОСИ, Semdeg indonezia, filipinebi. rac Seexeba natos ruseTs SesTavazes da uaro
    Tqva. Tu rame xdeba evropul saxelmwifoSi, isini ikribebian da amgvarad aCereben oms, maTi
    roli Zalian didia.
(axalqalaqi) gaero, nato, euTo SeuZlia mxareebsac, Tu es konfliqtia da urTierTgaugebroba mxareebs
    Soris, maSin saWiro raime sxva mxare, rom daTmobaze wavidnen.



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   (ninowminda). ar viciT ramdenad efeqturad muSaoben, CvenTan ar aris aseTi organizaciebi, ar
       Seicvala araferi.
   axalcixe-ninowminda arasamTavrobo organizaciebi UNICEF, gaero, nato. natos amerika karnaxobs
       OSCE, evoravSiri, aseve arasamTavroboebidan World Vision, man banaki mogviwyo.
miRebuli Sedegebis gaTvaliswinebiT da Sromis ZiriTadi miznidan gamomdinare - saqarTveloSi
mcxovrebiAqarTveli, azerbaijaneli da somexi erovnebis axalgazrda warmomadgenlebs Soris
urTierTdamokidebulebis Seswavla da im xelSemSleli faqtorebis gamoyofa, romlebic aferxeben maT
TanamSromlobas, moqalaqeobrivi poziciis Camoyalibebasa da saxelmwifoebriv cxovrebaSi integracias
gamoikveTa Semajamebeli daskvnebi.
 respondentebis SemTxveviTi SerCeva samive regionisaTvis Tanabar pirobebSi Catarda, rac aadvilebs
  Sedarebas da ufro adekvatur suraTsac iZleva. kerZod SerCevisas demografiuli monacemebidan
  yuradReba eTmoboda respondentebis ojaxSi wevrebis raodenobas, asaks, sqess, ojaxur statuss,
  eTnikurobas. baqos da erevnis mosaxleobasTan SedarebiT Tbilisis mosaxleoba mravaleTnikurobiT
  gamoirCeva, II adgilze baqoa. sasaubro ena samive regionisaTvis mSobliuri enis garda ZiriTadad
  rusulia, amasTanave Tbilisel mosaxleobaSi sxvadasxva sasaubro enebis gamoyenebis meti Tavisufleba
  SeimCneva. inglisurs, rogorc II sasaubro enas SedarebiT metad Tbiliseli da baqoeli respodentebi
  iyeneben, amasTan yvelgan SeimCneva am enis gamoyenebis tendencia.
  fokus jgufebiT miRebuli Sedegebis Tanaxmad, axalgazrdebi, gansakuTrebiT im regionebidan, sadac
  rusulenovani garemoa (marneuli, axalqalaqi, ninowminda) ukmayofilebas gamoTqvamen inglisuri
  enis TandaTanobiT Semosvlasa da damkvidrebaze. maTi azriT, inglisuri ena Caanacvlebs rusuls da
  sabWoTa kavSiris dros arsebuli rusifikaciis problema SeiZleba Seicvalos amerikanizaciis problemiT,
  radgan karg samsaxurSi mowyoba didad aris ganpirobebuli inglisuri enisa da kompiuteris codniT, rac
  raionis pirobebSi sakmaod rTulia.

 dasaqmebis TvalsazrisiT TbilisSi gamokiTxulTa TiTqmis mesamedi umuSevrebi arian da es ZiriTadad
   ganpirobebulia im faqtiT, rom ver pouloben samuSaos. am TvalsazrisiT ranJiriT II adgilzea baqo da
   III - erevani. baqoSi umuSevroba dakavSirebulia kargad anazRaurebadi samuSao adgilebis
   ararsebobasTan da ojaxur pirobebTan. baqoSi ranJiris mixedviT dasaqmebilebidan I adgilzea
   saxelmwifo organizaciis TanamSromlebi arian, Tbilissa da erevanSi amgvarad dasaqmebulTa ranguli
   wona II adgiliT ganisazRvreba. erevanis SemTxvevaSi I adgili pensionrebsa da invalidebs ukaviaT.
 respondentebi samive regionidan (gansakuTrebiT Tbilisidan da erevnidan) Tvlian, rom kargi samuSaos
   povna umTavresad kargi kavSirebiT aris ganpirobebuli. baqosa (rangulad I adgili) da erevanSi (II
   adgili) am TvalsazrisiT xelSesaxebia fulis faqtoris roli. TbilisSi kargi samuSaos povnisTvis fuls
   SedarebiT naklebi mniSvneloba (rangulad IV adgili) eniWeba ganaTlebis, niWierebis da
   profesionaluri SesaZlebleobebis Semdeg. rac imis maCvenebelia, rom saqarTvelos da kerZod,


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     TbilisisaTvis ganaTlebisa da dasaqmebis sistemaSi seriozuli Zvrebi xdeba. rac Seexeba baqos da
     erevans, ganaTlebas kargi samsaxuris saSovnelad rangulad III adgili aqvs daTmobili.
     saqarTveloSi Catarebuli fokus jgufebis monacemebis mixedviT, Cans, rom raionebSi (gansakuTrebiT
     bolnisSi da axalcixeSi) samuSaos Ziebisas monawileebi igive mankier movlenebs awydebian, rogorc
     zemoT aRiniSna. garda amisa, saqarTveloSi ganaTlebis sferoSi mimdinare mniSvnelovani Zvrebze
     metyvelebs is faqti, rom fokus jgufis qarTulenovanma monawilebma, socialuri institutebis muSaobis
     daxasiaTebisas dadebiTi Sefaseba misces ganaTlebaSi arsebul reformebs, xolo rusulenovani
     monawileebis mier (marneuli, axalqalaqi-ninowminda) es reformebi garkveuli TvalsazrisiT
     uaryofiTad Sefasda.
o    samive regionis warmomadgenelTagan umravlesobam sakuTari ojaxi sazogadoebis saSualo da
     saSualoze dabal fenas miakuTvna. kerZod, erevneli respondentebis 48,9%-ma, baqoeli respondentebis
     50,6% da Tbiliseli respondentebis 57,9% sakuTari ojaxi sazogadoebis saSualo fenas miakuTvna.
     saSualoze dabal fenas ki erevneli respondentebis 31,5%-ma, baqoeli respondentebis 29,1% da
     Tbiliseli respondentebis 31,2%
     komfortis moTxovnilebisa da fufunebis sagnebis moxmarebis mixedviT qarTvelebi pirvel adgilze
     aRmoCndnen, sxva regionis warmomadgenlebTan SedarebiT, am TvalsazrisiT azerbaijanlebi bolo
     adgilze arian.
     Semosavlebis mTavari wyaro samive regioniSi ZiriTadad xelfasi da pensiaa. respondentebi
     asaxeleben Semosavlis damatebiT wyaroebsac: naTesavebi-megobrebi, biznesi da a.S.
saojaxo xarjebi saSualod erTi Tvis ganmavlobaSi yvelaze metia saqarTveloSi da yvelaze naklebi
azerbaijanSi mcxovrebi respondentebisaTvis.
sakuTri ojaxis ekonomiuri mdgomareobis prognozs yvelaze optimisturad gamoxataven respondentebi
saqarTvelodan, somxeTis warmomadgenlebi ki SedarebiT pesimisturad.
es monacemebi garkveul warmodgenas gvaZleven regionebis ekonomikuri mdgomareobis msgavseba-
gansxvavebis dasadgenad da aRsaniSnavia im mxrivac, rom gamokiTxulTa umravlesobam qveynis
yvelaze mniSvnelovni miznebis gamokveTisas ekonomikur mxareze gaakeTa aqcenti:
 qveynisaTvis yvelaze mniSvnelovan miznebad gamokiTxulTa umravlesobam saqarTvelosa da
    somxeTSi siRatakis aRmofxvra da umuSevrobis donis Semcireba miiCnia. azerbaijnlebma aRniSnul
    sakiTxebze win qveynis teritoriuli mTlianobis aRdgena daayenes. respondentebma SedarebiT naklebi
    yuradReba dauTmes emigrantebs, ltolvilebs, iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirebsa da maTTan dakavSirebul
    sakiTxebs. SesaZloa imitom, rom maT es sakiTxebi gadauWrel problemad miaCniaT.
saqarTveloSi Catarebuli fokus jgufebis analizis Tanaxmad kiTxvaze _ ra problemebi unda moagvaros
prezidentma pirvel rigSi, respondentebis pasuxebi isev ekonomikur sakiTxebzea aqcentirebuli da
Sesabamisad im raionis problemebzea gamaxvilebuli, saidanac isini arian. maTi azriT, mniSvnelovania:
fabrika-qarxnebis gaxsna, samuSao adgilebis Seqmna, xalxis dasaqmeba, korufciis aRmofxvra. agreTve

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gzebis, ekologiis, kadrebTan, xelfasTan dakavSirebuli sakiTxebis mogvareba, gamocdili da
profesionaluri kadris mozidva saxelmwifo struqturebSi da a.S. axalgazrdebi gamoxataven ukmayofilebas
saxelmwifo qonebis gasxvisebasTan dakavSirebiT, Tanxebis ZiriTadi nawilis jarisTvis moxmarebis,
regionebis mimarT mTavrobis uyuradRebobis da sxva socialuri problemebis gamo. maTi azriT
mTavrobis ekonomikuri saqmianobis ZiriTadi aqcentebi Tbiliszea gadatanili.

faqtiurad    qveynisTvis   prioritetul   sakiTxTa   CamonaTvalSi    axalgazrduli   problemebi    erT-erTi
mniSvnelovania. gamokiTxulTa Soris am mimarTebiT gamoikveTa: ganaTlebis miRebasa da umaRles
saswavlebelSi CabarebasTan dakavSirebuli problemebi. gansakuTrebiT ukmayofilebas ganaTlebis
reformis mimarT gamoTqvamen axalqalaqsa da ninowmindaSi, radgan qarTuli enis ar codnis gamo ver
axerxeben erTian saxelmwifo gamocdaSi monawileobis miRebas. raionebSi, rogorc aRiniSna ar aris
axalgazrdaTa TavSeyris adgilebi: kino, Teatri, klubebi, diskoteka, sportuli darbazebi, kafe an Tundac
parki. aris garemos dabinZurebis, ekologiuri, finansuri, zogadad socialuri da komunaluri problemebi.
agreTve asakisTvis damaxasiaTebeli urTierTobis problemebi. genderuli da adamianis uflebebis
darRvevasTan dakavSirebuli sakiTxebi. dasaxelda aseve erovnul niadagze warmoSobili konfliqtis
problemebi. axalgazrdebs Soris aris narkomaniis da toqsikomaniis magaliTebi. aRiniSneba
maswavlebelTa mxridan upativcemloba moswavleebis mimarT.
 regionaluri raodenobrivi kvlevis Tanaxmad, yvelaze politizirebulebi arian Tbiliseli respondentebi,
   yvelaze apolitikurni ki baqoelebi. erevanSi gamokiTxulebs Soris Tanabrad gamoikveTnen rogorc
   politikiT dainteresebuli, aseve politikisgan Zalian Sors mdgomni. Tu saparlamento arCevnebSi
   monawileobis mxriv liderebi Tbiliseli da erevneli respondentebi arian, saprezidento arCevnebSi
   procentuli maCveneblis mixedviT (81,5%) pirveloba baqoel respondentebs ekuTvniT. pirobiTad, bolo
   adgili ki Tbilisel respondentebs.
Sesabamisad, yvelaze xSirad Tbiliselebi msjeloben politikaze da yvelaze iSviaTad baqoeli respondentebi.
SesaZloa baqoel respondentTa SedarebiTi apolitikuroba, ganpirobebuli iyos ucvleli politikuri kursis
arsebobiT.
Tbiliselebi ufro kmayofilebi arian qveynaSi mTavrobis kursiT. am azrs nawilobriv iziareben baqoeli
respondentebi. rac Seexeba erevnelebs am mimarTebiT, maTi azri daaxloebiT Tanabrad aris
gadanawilebuli situaciis Sefasebis dadebiT, neitralur da uaryofiT damokidebulebas Soris.
fokus jgufis monawileTa damokidebuleba zogadad politikis mimarT Semdegnairad gamoixata:
monawileebis umravlesobas politika naklebad ainteresebs, Tumca aucileblad miaCniaT arCevnebSi
monawileoba da sakuTari azris gamoTqma, gansakuTrebiT maSin rodesac qveynis bedi wydeba.
monawileTa umravlesoba aRiarebs, rom momxre iyo saakaSvilis politikis, Tumca Semdgom erTgvari
imedgacrueba miiRes. sustad da `arafris gamkeTebelad~ aris Sefasebuli opozicia.
qarTveli axalgazrdebis azriT ruseTis uRelqveS yofnisas ruseTi arTmevda saqarTvelos enasac, mamulsac
da sarwmunoebasac. sadReisod amerikelebi Tumca ar aZaleben, magram qarTvelebisaTvis ukve ufro da

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ufro miRebuli xdeba inglisuri ena. es ki damRupvelia. axalqalaqeli axalgazrdebi politikaze saubrisas
miuTiTeben somxeTis istoriis swavlebis aucileblobaze.
o CRRC-s respondentTaTvis politikur siaxleebis Sesaxeb informaciis wyaros ZiriTadad warmoadgens:
  televizori, radio da gazeTi. SedarebiT nakleb informacias iReben internetidan, ojaxis wevrebisgan,
  megobrebisgan, mezoblebisgan, samsaxurisa, kolegebisgan.
rac Seexeba fokus jgufebiT miRebul Sedegebs, monawileebi ZiriTadad informacias Semdegi
saSualebebidan iReben: televiziidan, radiodan da presidan da im qveynebis televziis gadacemebidan, ra
erovnebasac respondentebi ganekuTvnebian. dasaxelda agreTve rusuli da adgilobrivi telegadacemebi.
qarTuli arxebidan axalgazrdebi prioritets `imedis~ gadacemebs aniWeben, gansakuTrebiT ki droebas.
negatiurad afaseben rusTavi 2, vinaidan am arxis politika aliansSia xelisuflebasan, rac maTTvis
gamaRizianebelia.

respodentebi informaciis gavrcelebis erT-erT wyarod Worsac asaxeleben. informaciis nakleboba, mxolod
ruseTis arxebidan cnobebis miReba erTis mxriv da Woris gavrceleba meores mxriv xSirad gaugebrobas
warmoSobs mikrosocialur jgufSi, rac faqtiurad gaTamaSda marneulis warmomadgenelTa erT-erT fokus
jgufSi. kerZod, azerbaijaneli monawilis mtkicebas ruseTTan didi xnis megobruli Tanacxovrebis Sesaxeb
amerikasTan SedarebiT da aqedan gamomdinare daskvnas moyva qarTveli monawilis mkverTi reaqcia,
romliTac igi asabuTebda Tanamedrove pirobebSi amerikasTan megobrobis upiratesobas.
axalqalaqeli da ninowmindeli mozardebi Tvlian, rom televiziiT informacia maxinjdeba. magaliTad,
rusebi Taviseburad gadmoscemen da aRiqvamen axal ambebs, qarTvelebi Taviseburad. erTi da igive
informaciis ori sxvadasxva versia SeiZleba gadmoices. ninowmindeli monawileebisTvisac ar aris ucxo
Worebi, maTi TqmiT isini saxelmZRvaneloebidan da Worebidan iReben informacias.
o CRRC-s monacemebis mixedviT rogorc ekonomikur ise politikur sferoSi sxvadasxva qveynebTan
  TanamSromlobas, regionebis mixedviT respondentebi Semdegi ranJiriT aniWeben prioritets: samive
  regionSi gamokiTxulebi upiratesobas ruseTTan urTierTobas aniWeben. saqarTvelosa da somxeTis
  respondentebisaTvis mniSvnelovania aSS-sTan da evrokavSirTan urTierTobac. azerbaijanisaTvis aseT
  magistralur qveyanas TurqeTi warmoadgens. erevanis respondentebi ki piriqiT, neitralurad an odnav
  uaryofiTad afaseben TurqeTTan TanamSromlobis ideas. TbilisSi gamokiTxulebi am TvalsazrisiT,
  zemoTmiTiTebul qveynebTan SedarebiT, naklebmimzidvelad Tvlian urTierTobas TurqeTTan da
  miTumetes iranTan. zogadad, gamoiTqva sxva qveynebTan urTierTobis survilic. esenia: iaponia,
  germania, saqarTvelo, inglisi, safrangeTi, italia, saudis arabeTi, yazaxeTi, musulmanuri
  saxelmwifoebi; yvela, vinc dagvexmareba, afrikis qveynebi, laTinuri amerikis qveynebi, pakistani,
  egvipte, ukraina, dsT, sxva.
fokus jgufebis monawileebi SekiTxvas romel qveyanas unda mimarTos saqarTvelom daxmarebisTvis
TiTqmis erTxmad asaxeleben amerikas da ruseTsa, Tumca maT mosazrebebs Soris mciredi gansvlaa.
monawileTa is nawili, romelic ruseTis sasargeblod gamoTqvms mosazrebas, aqcents mis teritoriul

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siaxloveze akeTebs. mxolod ramdenimem gamoTqva gansxvavebuli mosazreba, maT yvelaze perspeqtiul
partniorad ukrainac miaCniaT. mezobel saxelmwifoebs Soris saurTierTobod gamokiTxulebSi
azerbaijani, somxeTi da TurqeTic moiazreboda.

monawileTa azriT mTavaria miRebuli daxmareba racionalurad moxmardes ekonomikis ganviTarebas,
vinaidan maTi azriT amerika abandebs Tavis saxsrebs da valis gadaxdas miwebiT moiTxovs.
rusulenovani monawileebi upiratesobas ruseTsa da somxeTs aniWeben.
o   CRRC-s kvlevis Tanaxmad kavkasiur saxelmwifoebTan TanamSromlobis sakiTxze respondentebis
    damokidebuleba sakmaod araerTgvarovania: somxeTTan ekonomikur da politikur sferoSi
    TanamSromlobas mxars uWeren Tbilisis respondentebi (75.2%), baqos respondentebi ki sruliad
    (95.3%) ewinaaRndegebian. azerbaijanTan ekonomikur da politikur sferoSi TanamSromlobas
    mxars uWeren Tbilisis respondentebi (79,1%) da erevneli respodentebis mniSvnelovani nawilic
    (47,9%). erevanSi gamokiTxulTa 1/3 (33%) ewinaaRmdegeba azerbaijanTan TanamSromlobas. rac
    Seexeba saqarTvelosTan TanamSromlobas, rogorc ekonomikur, ise politikur sferoebSi erevanSi da
    baqoSi gamokiTxulTa umravlesoba eTanxmeba (erevnidan 77,6%, baqodan ki 81,8%)
fokus jgufebis warmomadgenlebisaTvis sakiTxi odnav sxvagvarad daismeboda - maT unda
daexasiaTebinaT calcalke saxelmwifoebi - saqarTvelo, somxeTi da azerbaijani. saqarTvelos
daxasiaTebisas axalgazrdebi iwuneben qveyaaSi dabal anazRaurebad samuSao pirobebs, umuSevrobas
da ganuviTarebel ekonomikas da amaSi saxelmwifos adanaSaulebdnen, radgan Tavisi bunebrivi
resursebisa da geografiuli mdebareobidan gamomdinare is metad unda iyos ganviTarebuli, Tundac
somxeTTan SedarebiT, romelsac Zalze araxelsayreli mdebareoba aqvs. azerbaijani, respondentebis
TvalsazrisiT, ekonomiurad sakmaod dawinaurebulia. monawileTa azriT adre regionis am qveynebs Soris
megobruli urTierToba arsebobda, romelic SemdgomSi Seicvala, gansakuTrebiT somxeTsa da azerbaijans
Soris. gamokiTxulebis azriT, saqarTvelo amierkavkasiidan yvelaze demokratiuli qveyansaa. somxeTi
emorCileba ruseTs. saqarTvelo eqvemdebareba amerikas.
aqve saubroben saqarTveloSi saganmanaTleblo problemebze araqarTvelebisaTvis. kerZod, skolebSi ar
iswavleba mag. somxeTis istoria, rac aucilebeli sagania somxeTSi umaRles saswavlebelSi Casabareblad
da mosawyobad, xolo Semdgom aq aRebuli diplomiT Zalze Znelia saqarTveloSi samsaxuris naxva da aq
damkvidreba.
 o regionaluri kvlevis mixedviT sxvadasxva jgufis daavadebul adamianebTan (tuberkulozi, Sids-i,
    narkomanebi, loTebi, homoseqsualistebi) urTierTobis mzaoba yvelaze metad aRmoaCndaT TbilisSi
    gamokiTxulebs. Tbiliselebs mniSvnelovnad CamorCebian erevneli da baqoeli respondentebi.
    gansakuTrebuli mimReblobiT Tbiliselebi gamoirCevian tuberkuloziT da SidsiT daavadebulTa
    mimarT. ranJiriT me-3 da 4 adgilze imyofebian narkomanebi da qronikuli loTebi da bolos
    homoseqsualistebi.


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saqarTveloSi sqesobrivi umciresobis mimarT damokidebuleba frTxilia. gamokiTxulTa umravlesoba da
rogorc isini fiqroben maTi axloblebi, naTesavebi da megobrebi am kategoriis adamianebs `ucxoebs~,
aratipur da gansxvavebul adamianebs miakuTvneben. saqarTveloSi Catarebuli kvlevebis Tanaxmad
(SedarebiT sxva maxasiaTeblebis mixedviT) respondentebisaTvis miuRebel jgufebis CamonaTvali
Semdegnairia:
_ sqesobrivi umciresobis warmomadgenlebi;
_ gansxvavebuli religiis adamianiebi;
_ gansxvavebuli azris da Sexedulebebis mqone adamianebi;
 gamokiTxulebis umravlesoba SesaZleblad Tvlis gadamdeb da zogadad, sneul adamianebTan
   urTierTobas, TanmSromlobas, mezoblobas da megobrobas da gaurbis homoseqsualistebTan
   urTierTobas, rac TavisTavad safrTxes ar uqmnis janmrTelobas. amdenad, kavkasielebisaTvis
   moraluri normebi umniSvnelovanesi Rirebulebis mqone kanonebia.
fokus jgufebis Sedegebis mixedviT miuRebeli da ucxo daxasiaTebulia qaraqterologiuri da socialuri niSnis
mixedviT, erovnuli niSani ki ukana planze gadadis. monawileTa absoluturi umravlesoba erTi azrisaa.
maTTvis miuRebelia konkretuli adamiani da ara raime jgufi, mag. msubuqi yofaqcevis adamianis
miuRebloba, rac aseve moraluri Sefasebis kriteriumad SeiZleba CaiTvalos.
jgufSi sakuTar gariyulobas monawileTa umravlesoba uaryofs, gansakuTrebiT iseT garemoSi, romelic
SedarebiT monoeTnikuria, mag. axalqalaqi, ninowminda. qarTvelTagan xazgasmulia qarTvelebis
gadametebuli tolerantuloba, rac Sefasebulia rogorc mTavari mizezi sxva erovnebebis - azerbaijanlebisa
da somexi erovnebebis warmomadgenelTa mier qarTvelebis Seviwrovebaze iq, sadac isini mosaxleobis
umciresobas warmoadgenen. arsebul situaciidan gamosavals qarTveli respondentebi xedaven erovnul
umciresobaTa nakleb kompaqtur dasaxlebasa da qarTuli enis, rogorc saxelmwifo enis iZulebiT
swavlebaSi. qarTveli mozardebis mcire nawili saubrobs qarTveli erovnebis warmomadgenlebis
privilegirebulobis Sesaxeb, rac gulisxmobs saqarTveloSi sxva erovnebebis uflebebis SemzRudvas,
sakuTari uflebebis gazrdis xarjze. isini sakuTar gariyulobas xsnian sxva eris warmomadgenelTa
simravliT, romelTa gariyvas moiazreben garkveuli diskomfortis Seqmnis xarjze.
o regionaluri kvlevis mixedviT respodentebi tolerantulebi arian sxvadasxva eTnikuri jgufebis
  warmomadgenelTa Sefasebisas. Tumca erTgvari ranJiri mainc gamoikveTa. rogorc iyo mosalodneli
  samive regionis warmomadgenlebma yvelaze pozitiurad sakuTari eris warmomadgenlebi daaxasiaTes.
  aseve, popularobiT sargebloben rusebi da berZnebi (saqarTvelo da somxeTi). tolerantobas ebraelebis
  mimarT Tbiliseli da baqoeli respondentebi gamoxatavdnen, erevnelebi ki neitralur pozicias
  amJRavneben. Tbiliseli respondentebisaTvis neitralur kategoriaSi moxvdnen somexi da azerbaijaneli
  erovnebis warmomadgenlebi.
saqarTveloSi Catarebuli kvleva, romlis drosac xdeboda sxvadasxva erovnebebis mimarT axalgazrdebis
damokidebulebebis gamovlena, odnav sxvagvarad tardeboda. qarTveli respondentebis umravlesobis mier

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xazgasmulia qarTvelobis prioritetuloba. maTTvis ufro sasurvelia romelime konkretuli evropuli qveynis
warmomadgenloba (italieloba, frangoba) da amerikeloba, vidre mikuTvnebuloba evropelebTan zogadad.
ucxoeTis qveynis warmomadgenlad yofnis survili asocirdeba karg cxovrebasTan, aseTebad umetes
SemTxvevaSi respondentebi asaxeleben did an kulturulad Zlier erebs. garda amisa, maTi arCeveni
ganpirobebuli am erebTan sakuTari eris damokidebulebiT istoriulad da Tanamedrove pirobebSi. zogierTi
respondenti gamoTqvams gansazRvruli konfesiuri mikuTvnebulobis survils (mag. qarTvelebisaTvis
prioritetulia qristianoba, somexi erovnebis warmomadgenlebi gamoTqvamen kaTolikebad yofnis survils).
mTliani SerCevidan zogierTi respondentisaTvis misaRebia iyos somexi an rusi erovnebis
warmomadgeneli, zogisTvis ufro misaRebia iyos italieli an espaneli, amerikeli, berZeni, germaneli.
respondentTa mniSvnelovani nawilis azriT (gansakuTrebiT azerbaijanel da somex gamokiTxulTaTvis)
erovnebas ara aqvs aranari mniSvneloba da rom cudi da kargi eri ar arsebobs, arseboben cudi da kargi
adamianebi.
 somxebTan mikuTvnebas ar isurvebdnen, gansakuTrebiT qarTveli da azerbaijaneli erovnebis
   warmomadgenlebi. gamokiTxuli qarTvelebi da somxebi uars amboben iyvnen Turqi, musulmani,
   azerbaijaneli da TaTari. azerbaijanlebisa da somxebisaTvis miuRebelia zangebTan mikuTvneba.
   mravalricxvovani pasuxebidan TvalSisacemia azerbaijanelebis uari miakuTvnon isini svanebs.
   qarTvelebi uars amboben osebTan mikuTvnebaze.
 ojaxis Seqmnas respondentebis umravlesoba isurvebda sakuTari erovnebis warmomadgenelTan
   (qarTveli, somexi da azerbaijaneli). am mxriv qarTvelebi pirvel adgilze aRmoCndmnen. isini
   iSviaTad aRiniSnavdnen, rom erovnebas ara aqvs mniSvneloba. am azrs ZiriTadad somexi da
   azerbaijaneli respondentebi iziareben, vinaidan, maTi azriT gadamwyveti aq intimuri faqtoria.
   zogadad ki ojaxis Seqmna sxva eris warmomadgenelTan, maTi azriT kulturuli da religiuri faqtorebiT.
 rac Seexeba partniors dasvenebaSi, respondentebi isev Tavisi eris warmomadgenlebs irCeven.
   qarTvelis Semdeg asaxeleben rusebs da amerikelebs. gamokiTxulebis meoTxedi aRniSnavs, rom
   dasvenebisas erovnebas ara aqvs aranairi mniSvneloba. respondentTa nawilma daasaxela erovnebebi,
   romlis warmomadgenlebTanac ar isurvebdnen mogzaurobas, kerZod: somexi (qarTveli da
   azerbaijaneli mopasuxeebi), azerbaijanlebi (qarTveli da somexi respondentebi), ebraelebi,
   germanelebi da rusebi. unda aRiniSnos, rom rusebis mimarT, ZiriTadad, gamoixateba ambivalenturi
   damokidebuleba.
 ZiriTadad igive mosazrebebi gaimeores respondentebma megobrebisa da TanamSromlebis arCevis
   SemTxvevaSic. Tumca TanmSromlobaSi qarTvelebis Semdeg upiratesoba eniWebaT amerikelebs da
   germanelebs.
fokus jgufis monawileebs unda SeefasebinaT mravaleTnikuroba. qveynisTvis ramdenad xelSemwyobia da
ramdenad xelisSemSlelia es faqtori da ras niSnavs iyo saqarTveloSi sxva erovnebis adamiani.



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qarTveli monawileebi, gansakuTrebiT im regionebidan sadac isini ricxvobriv umciresobaSi arian
(axalcixe, bolnisi, marneuli) mravaleTnikurobas uaryofiT Sefasebas aZleven. maTi azriT, rac meti
qarTveli iqneba saqarTveloSi, miT ufro Zlieri iqneba qveyana. aris alternatiuli gamosavlis povnis
mcdelobac qarTuli enis swavleba araqarTvelebisaTvis.
respondentebis nawili (qarTulenovani) raionebiodan, sadac araqarTvelebis umravlesobaa (marneuli),
Tvlis rom mravaleTnikuroba xelisSemSlelicaa, radgan saSiSia. nawili ki (azerbaijanelebi) Tvlis, rom es
kargia, radgan xdeba sxvadasxva kulturebis urTierTgamdidreba.
aqve avRniSnavT, rom rusulenovani monawileebi arc Tu ise komfortulad grZnoben Tavs baqosa da
erevanSi ar uyvarT aqaurebi raionidan, radgan maT CamorCenillebad da ganuviTareblebad miiCneven.
igive situaciis mqone raionebis (axalqalaqi, ninowminda, axalcixe) warmomadgenlebis pozicia
mravalerovnulobis Taobaze neitraluridan mkveTrad uaryofiTamde meryeobs, rogorc isini aRniSnaven,
amas ara zogadad qarTvelebs, aramed enis faqtors da saakaSvilis politikas ukavSireben, rac TiTqosda
gamowveulia imis SiSiTac, rom isini surT `moswyviton somxebs da aurion qarTvelebSi~. maTi azriT
saWiroa meti sifrTxile da etapobrioba, aseve adgilobrivebis interesebis gaTvaliswineba - adgilobrivad
qarTulis mcodne maswavleblebis gadamzadeba da ara maTi mowveva dedaqalaqidan da meti xelfasis
gadaxda.
sami metad misaRebi da sami metad miuRebeli erovnebis warmomadgenelTa dasaxelebisas
respondentebis pasuxebi Zalze araTanabaria da gamomdinareobs isev iqidan, Tu ramdenad axloa ama
Tu im eris urTierTmimarTeba, miznebi da aRmsarebloba im erTan, romlis warmomadgenelic
respondentia. monawileTa qristiani nawili misaReb warmomadgenlebSi qarTvelebs, rusebs, berZnebsa
da ukrainelebs asaxelebs, rogorc marTlbadideblebs da evropelebsa (gansakuTrebiT italielebs) da
amerikelebs, rogorc zogadad qristianebs, miuReblad ki mahmadianebs (musulmanebs) Tvlis. sainteresoa,
rom am ukanaskneli aRmsareblobis mqone respondentebi ZiriTadad Tvlian, rom ver xedaven
gansxvavebas erovnebes Soris. igive mosazrebas iziarebs sxva respondentebis garkveuli nawilic.
ebraelebis, rusebis da amerikelebis mimarT ambivalenturi damokidebuleba gamovlinda. uaryofiT
kategoriaSi qarTveli monawileebi asaxelebdnen azerbaijanlebsa da somxebs. aqve avRniSnavT rom
erovnebaze saubrisas monawileebs eSlebaT nacionaluri da konfesiuri mikuTvnebulobebi da erovnebis
dasaxelebis magier mis religiur warmomavlobas miuTiTeben.
ra erovnebis warmomadgenelTan Seqmnidnen an ar Seqmnidnen ojaxs, fokus jgufebis monawileebis
nawili Tvlis, rom erovnul faqtors arc am SemTxvevaSi aqvs gadamwyveti mniSvneloba da aqcents
individis adamianur Tvisebebze akeTebs. magram roca saqme exeba ojaxur urTierTobebs, wesebs,
Cveulebebs, religiur faqtors da a.S, respondentTa umravlesoba im daskvnamde midis, rom umjobesia
meuRle mainc sakuTari erovnebis iyos. aqve miuTiTeben im erovnebis warmomadgenlebs, romelTanac
ar isurvebdnen ojaxis Seqmnas. qarTulenovani respodentebiT dakompeqtebuli jgufis
warmomadgenlebisaTvis (marneuli-bolnisi-axalcixe) misaRebia ojaxis Seqmna qarTvelTan, somexTan,

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amerikelTan evropelTan da absolutirad miuRebeli azerbaijanelTan. azerbaijanelebisaTvis misaRebia
mxolod sakuTari erovnebis warmomadgeneli, ambivalenturi damokidebuleba gamoixata rusis da
uaryofiTi somexi erovnebis warmomadgenlebis mimarT. somexi erovnebis warmomadgenlebisaTvis
somexis Semdeg moiazreba qarTveli, rusi da amerikeli. miuRebeli azerbaijaneli, zangi (rac ar aris
erovneba), Cineli da Turqi. ukanasknelis SemTxvevaSi yuradReba eqceva ara religiur faqtors, romelic
amosavali iyo sxva erovnebebis Sefasebisas, aramed genocidis faqts. aq Cans Zlieri eTnikuri
identifikacia mTlianad somxobasTan.
rogor daaxasiaTebdiT calke qarTvels, somexs da azerbaijanels, fokus jgufebis monawileTa pasuxebi
umravles SemTxvevaSi erTnairia, isini aRniSnaven, rom sakmaod rTulia daaxasiaTo eris
warmomadgeneli. Tumca mainc gamoiyo am xalxis yofasa da xasiaTSi garkveuli maxasiaTeblebi.
qarTveli: tradiciebis mimdevari, morwmune. ojaxis moyvaruli, stumarTmoyvare, moqeife, mxiaruli,
niWieri, amayi, Tbili xalxi, qedmouxreli, ficxi, zarmaci, ar fiqroben momavalze. sainteresoa, rom
qarTvelebis Sefasebisas kuTxurobaze gakeTda aqcenti.

azerbaijanlebi: keTilebi, xelgaSlilebi, Wkvianebi, Caketilebi, damyoli xasiaTis mqone, xelgaSlilebi, adaT-
wesebis damcvelni, Zalian Sromismoyvareni, erTmaneTis gamtani. mamakacebi da qalebi TiTqos cal-
calke cxovroben, azerbaijanlebi da somxebi rom Sromoben qarTveli imdens ar iSromebs, maTi qalebi
ufro SezRudulebi arian vidre qarTvelebi.

somxebi: Zalian gamWriaxi gonebis, Tavis Tavze win aravis daayeneben, Sromismoyvareni da
SorsmWvretelni, gamorCenaze arian, stumarTmoyvareni.

Tuki qarTveli respondentebi qarTvels calke axasiaTeben da somxebisa da azerbaijanlebis SemTxvevaSi
saerTo niSnebis povnas cdiloben, somexi respondentebi (ninowminda-axalqalaqi-axalcixe) cdiloben
somexisa da qarTvelisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli saerTo niSnebis povnas – temperamentSi, musikalurobaSi
sityvebSi da saerTo istoriul warsulSi.

 CRRC-s kvlevis Tanaxmad sxvadasxva religiur mimdevrobaTa SedarebiT meti warmomadgenlebi
  Tbiliseli respondentebi aRmoCndnen, wamyvani aq marTlmadidebluri sarwmunoebaa (90,4%). am
  mxriv Tbiliselebs odnav CamorCnen erevanSi gamokiTxulebi, Tumca Tbilisisgan gansxvavebiT aq
  grigoreanuli aRmsareblobis mimdevaria 87%. TiTqmis erTpirovnuli religiuri aRmsareblobiT (92,8%)
  gamoirCeodnen baqoeli respondentebi.

sxvadasxva religiuri aRmsareblobis warmomadgenlebis mimarT gamokiTxulTa damokidebuleba
Semdegnairia - ieRovas mowmis mimdevrebi ukduresad uaryofiTad arian Sefasebulni erevneli da
Tbiliseli respondentebis mier. amasTanave, saqarTveloSi mcxovrebi respondentebi dadebiTad afaseben
mxolod marlTmadidebluri sarwmunoebis mimdevrebs, danarCenebs ki saSualo an saSualoze nakleb
Sefasebas aZleven. somxeTSi macxovrebeli respondentebi daaxloebiT Tanabrad dadebiTad afaseben
grigoreanul, marTlmadideblur da kaTolikuri religiis mimdevrebs, danarCenebs ki ZiriTadad saSualo an
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saSualoze nakleb Sefasebas aZleven. rac Seexeba azerbaijanSi mcxovrebT, isini ukiduresad dadebiTad
mxolod islamis momxreebs axasiaTeben.
fokus jdufis monawileTa pasuxi kiTxvaze - romel religiur aRmsareblobas uWerT mxars da TqvenTvis
misaRebi da miuRebeli religiuri aRmsareblobebi – calsaxaa. maTi simpatiebi im religiebis mxaresaa,
romelsac isini da maTi xalxebi ekuTvnian. amasTan, unda aRiniSnos is garemoeba, rom maTi
damokidebuleba sxva religiebisadmi, ZiriTadad ar aris mkveTri da sakmaod loialuricaa. umravlesobas
prpretenzia umTavresad ieRoveTa Zmobis mimarT aqvT, radgan maTi azriT es moZalade, Tavsmoxveuli
religiaa.

qarTveli monawileebisaTvis misaRebi religiuri aRmsareblobaa da qristianuli religiidan gamomdinare
zogadad qristianoba, kaTolikoba, gregorianeloba. Tumca unda aRiniSnos, rom monawileebs erevaT
religiuri da eTnikuri mikuTvnebulobebi da xSirad moixsenieben: `misaRebia kaTolikuri eri da
marTlmadidebluri eri, religiur mikuTvnebulobisas moixsenieben ebraelebs, da a.S. axalgazrdebi did
mniSvnelobas aniWeben sarwmunoebis mimarT erTgulebas.

gansakuTrenul miuReblobas monawileebi gamoxataven ieRovlebisa da sxvadasxva seqtebis mimarT.
ebraelebis mimarT ambivalenturi damokidebulebaa. miuRebelia maTTvis musulmanebi.
azerbaijaneli monawileebi sxva religiebis mimarT neitralur an mcired dadebiT damokidebulebas
gamoxataven, upiratesobas sakuTar, musulmanur religias aniWeben.
ninowmindisa da axalqalaqis somexi monawileebi ukiduresad uaryofiT damokidebulebas musulmanebis
da Turqebis mimarT gamoTqvamen. aqac konfesionaluri da eTnikuri mikuTvnebulobebis areva xdeba.
maT garkveuli agresia gamoixates qarTvelebis mimarT, romelTac TiTqos surT grigoreanuli eklesiis
qarTul, marTlmadideblur ekleesiad gadakeTeba. msgavsi politikis sawinaaRmdegod monawileebi
masobrivi areulobebiT imuqrebian.
o regionaluri kvlevis Tanaxmad respondentebis damokidebuleba socialuri institutebis mimarT, maTi
  moRvaweobis efeqturobidan gamomdinare, Semdegnairi TanmimdevrobiT nawildeba – prezidenti,
  jari, masmedia (azerbaijani da saqarTvelo). erevanSi gamokiTxulebisaTvis yvelaze efeqturad
  moRvaweoben da Sesabamisad respondentebis ndobas imsaxureben: jari, religiuri institutebi da
  ganaTlebis sistema. yvelaze arasaxarbielo mdgomareobaSi regionebSi (ranJiris mixedviT) am
  TvalsazrisiT aRmoCndnen politikuri partiebi, adgilobrivi arasamTavrobo organizaciebi (azerbaijani da
  saqarTvelo) da parlamenti (somxeTi).
socialur institutebis daxasiaTebisas fokus jgufebis monawileTa azrebi Zalze winaaRmdegobrivia.
kardinaluri sakiTxebidan aRsaniSnavia saqarTvelos saxemwifos sagareo politikis prodasavluri kursi,
rasac ar eTanxmeba araqarTvel respondentTa ZiriTadi nawili. dadebiTad qarTveli respondentebi
ZiriTadad afaseben ganaTlebis, Sinagan da Tavdacvis saministoebSi dawyebul reformebs, Tumca jaris
muSaobis ukmayofilebas gamoTqvamen erovnuli umciresobis warmomadgenlebi, am kategoriis


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adamianebis mimarT qarTul jarSi TiTqos cudi damokidebulebis gamo. uaryofiTad aris Sefasebuli,
umTavresad araqarTvelebis mier, qarTul enasTan da im qveynis (somxeTis) istoriis kursis swavlebasTan
dakavSirebuli sakiTxebi, romelsac isini Tavis samSoblod miiCneven. qarTvel respondentebs ar moswonT
saqarTvelos istoriis amoReba sagamocdo sagnebis siidan. gansakuTrebiT xazgasmiT respondentebi
pretenzias gamoTqvamen jandacvis saministros mimarT. es exeba med.personalis dabal xelfass da
kvalifikacias, saavadmyofoebis dabal teqnikur aRWurvilobas, saswrafo daxmarebis momsaxurebis dabal
dones da fulis gamoZalvis faqtebs saavadmyofoebSi.

Tavdacvis saministrosTan dakavSirebiT maT ainteresebT nacionaluri umciresobis waromadgenlebis
uflebaTa dacvis sakiTxebi.

pretenziebi aqvT parlamentis, romelic gamoucdeli kadriT da umoqmedo opoziciiT aris dakompleqtebuli
da sasamarTlos mimarT, sadac korufciaa gavrcelebuli. ZiriTadad mTavrobis muSaobas respondentebi
dadebiTad afaseben. gansakuTrebiT ki patrulis muSaobas. dadebiTad fasdeba religiuri institutebis da
adgilobrivi arasamTavrobo organizaciebis muSaoba.

o CRRC-is kvlevis Tanaxmad regionebidan natoSi gawevrianebis da TanamSromlobisadmi srul
  mzaobas qarTuli mxare gamoxatavs: TbilisSi gamokiTxulTa umravlesoba mxars uWers saqarTvelos
  natoSi gawevrianebas. natosTan TanamSromlobas did mniSvnelobas aniWeben azerbaijaneli
  respodentebic. rac Seexeba erevnel respondentebs, maT am mxriv cota gansxvavebuli damokidebuleba
  aqvT natosTan mimarTebaSi. erevneli respodentebis daaxlovebiT naxevarisTvis misaRebia somxeTis
  TanamSromloba natosTan, SedarebiT naklebia gawevrianebas msurvelTa ricxvi da arc Tu ise mcirea
  im adamianTa ricxvi (27,7%), romlebic cdiloben sifrTxile gamoiCinon da uari Tqvan am organizaciaSi
  gawevrianebaze.
saerTaSoriso organizaciis Sesaxeb arsebuli informaciaSi evropis rekonstruqciisa da ganviTarebis bankisa
da aSS-s saerTaSoriso ganviTarebis saagentos mimarT erevneli da baqoeli respondentebi ufro
gaTviTcnobierebulebi arian, vidre Tbiliselebi. rac Seexeba evraziis fonds, mis Sesaxeb informacias
SedarebiT ufro Tbiliselebi floben.
fokus jgufebSi ganixileboda informacia im ucxouri organizaciebis Sesaxeb, romlebic monawileoben
konfliqtebis mogvarebis sferoSi da Sesabamisad fasdeboda maTi muSaoba. ucxouri organizaciebidan
yvelaze metad dasaxelda World Vision- is moRvaweoba, romelmac sazafxulo banakis organizeba
moaxdina. rac Seexeba konfliqtebis mogvarebis dargSi momuSave organizaciebs, gamokiTxulebma
daasaxeles: gaero, nato, euTo, wiTeli jvari, evrosabWo, ,,dsT". maT Soris dadebiTad Seafases
evrokavSiris da gaeros muSaoba. Tumca am sferoSi respondentTa gauTviTcnobierebulobaze metyvelebs
iseTi organizaciebis dasaxelebac, romelTac kavSiri ara aqvT aRniSnul saqmianobasTan: ,,hera da XXI“,
urbanuli instituti, IFS, ombucmeni, mSvidobis korpusi, oseTian- samxreT-aRmosavleTis ОСИ, indonezia,
filipinebi, UNICEF.

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zogadad konfliqtebis warmoiqmnis mizezebze msjelobisas da faqtorebis dasaxelebisas, romlebic SeiZleba
uwyobdes xels konfliqtebis mogvarebas, monawileebi Tvlidnen, rom konfliqtebs qmnis saxelmwifos
ekonomikuri pirobebis mougvareblobisa da umuSevroba. maTi azriT konfliqtebis mogvarebaSi mTavari
roli unda iTamaSos saxelmwifom da xeli Seuwyos mosaxleobam. maTi azriT, pirovnebaTSorisi konfliqti
yalibdeba adamianebis Sexedulebebidan, miznebidan da interesebidan gamomdinare. rac Seexeba
saxelmwifoTa Soris konfliqts, aq wamyvani faqtorebi msoflioSi an saerTaSoriso bazarze adgilis
damkvidrebasTan aris dakavSirebuli. monawileebi aseve miiCneven, rom saxelmwifoTa Soris konfliqtebi
SeiZleba iyos ganpirobebuli teritoriuli niSniTac. konfliqtebis gadawyvetisas monawileebi gamoricxaven
oms da Tvlian, rom maTi gadawyveta unda moxdes mSvidobiani, kerZod molaparakebis gziT.
respondentebi Tvlian, rom xSirad konfliqtebi xdeba adamianebis, an maTi jgufebis uflebebis darRvevis
SemTxvevaSic. agreTve, gansxvavebuli religiis niadagze. rac Seexeba eTnikur niadagze ganviTrebul
konfliqtebs, axalgazrdebi Tvlian, rom aseT konfliqtebs safuZvlad udevs istoriuli winapirobebi da
teritoriasTan dakavSirebuli sakiTxebi. xSir SemTxvevaSi konfliqtis ganviTarebas xels uwyobs winaswari
ganwyobebi, aranakleb mniSvnelobis aris enobrivi barieris momentic. monawileebi aseve aRniSnaven,
rom konfliqtebi saqarTveloSi yovelTvis mesame mxaris mier iyo provocirebuli.



                                             rekomendaciebi
miRebuli Sedegebis gaTvaliswinebiT gasaTvaliswinebelia Semdegi rekomendaciebi:
1) saWiroa meti yuradReba regionaluri da raionuli problemebisadmi - fokus jgufebis monawileTa
     umravlesoba ukmayofilebas gamoTqvams Tbilissze mTavrobis gadametebuli yuradRebisa da raionuli
     problemebis ignorirebis gamo. sasurvelia municipaluri programebis amoqmedeba qvemo qarTlisa da
     samcxe javaxeTis raionebSi, aseve xelisuflebis xelmZRvaneli pirebis viziti am regionebSi.
2) mniSvnelovania TiToeuli raionis problematikis Seswavla da masze drouli reagireba, rac ZiriTadad
     socialur sakiTxebTanaa dakavSirebuli, aseTebia: umuSevroba da dabali Semosavali, korufciis
     problema, gzebi (axalqalaqi-axalcixe), ekologia (bolnisi), Suqi, wyali da sxva. axalgazrdebis
     problemebidan mosawesrigebelia maTi kulturuli garTobisa da dasvenebis, agreTve ganaTlebis
     miRebisa da umaRles saswavlebelSi CabarebasTan dakavSirebuli problemebi.
3)       qvemo qarTlisa da samcxe javaxeTis raionebSi, sadac metwilad araqarTveli mosaxleoba
 cxovrobs, saWiroa saxelmwifo enis SeswavlasTan dakavSirebiT meti aqtiuroba im organizaciebis
 mxridan, romelTac es evalebaT, amasTanave sasurvelia qarTuli enis pedagogebis saxiT ZiriTadad
 adgilobrivi kadris gadamzadeba. qarTuli enis Sesaswavlad araZaladobrivi, wamaxalisebeli
 RonisZiebebis gatareba, mag. inglisuri enisa da kompiuteris Seswavla ufasod, oRond qarTulad.
 araqarTveli mosaxleobiT kompaqturad dasaxlebul raionebis araqarTul skolebSi sasurveli iqneba im
 xalxebis istoriis mokle kursis swavleba, romelsac isini ganekuTvnebian.


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 4) samcxe javaxeTis da qvemo qarTlis raionebSi adamianis uflebebTan dakavSirebuli treining kursis
    Catareba skolebsa da umaRles saswavleblebSi, sadac aqcenti gakeTdeba bavSvisa da agreTve
    genderul uflebebze.
 5) jarSi sociologiuri kvlevis Catareba im pirobebis dasadgenad, romlebSic samxedro samsaxuri
    mimdinareobs da araqarTveli warmomadgenlebis mdgomareobis gasarkvevad jarSi.
 6) raionul doneze jandacis reformebis amoqmedeba, samedicino dawesebulebebis restruqturizaciisa da
    optimizaciis mizniT - quTaisis erovnuli samedicino centris msgavsi klinikebis amoqmedeba qvemo
    qarTlisa da samcxe javaxeTis regionebisaTvis.
 7) umuSevrebobis problemis mosagvareba da mosaxleobis dasaqmeba. amasTanave, umaRles
    saswavleblebTan sasurvelia arsebobdes axalgazrdaTa dasaqmebis organizaciebi, romelTac erTis mxriv
    eqnebaT damsaqmebelTa koordinatebi, meores mxriv SearCeven axalgazrdebs damsaqmeblis
    moTxovnisamebr.
8) informaciuli vakuumis da damxinjebuli informaciis gacemis Tavidan asacileblad sasurvelia wamyvani
    komerciuli qarTuli arxebis _ imedi, rusTavi2 sainformacio gadacemebis sinqronuli Targmani Tundac
    rusulad. gansakuTrebiT im raionibisaTvis, sadac ZiriTadad araqarTveli mosaxleobaa.
9) saxelmwifos sagareo politikis dasavluri kursis paralelurad mzaoba sxva qveynebTan, gansakuTrebiT
    mezoblebTan ufro mWidro kavSirebis damyarebisaTvis. aRsaniSnavia gamokiTxulTa pozitiuri azri
    samxreT kavkasiis erTiani ekonomikuri sivrcis warmoqmnis Taobaze.
10) fokus jgufebSi erovnebebs - qarTveloi, somexi, azerbaijaneli - Soris damokidebulebebi ar aris
    mkacrad stereotipizirebuli, Tumca arsebobs garkveuli winaswari ganwyobebi, romlebic SesaZloa
    arTulebdnen urTierTobas. monawileTa mier aqcentis gadatana ufro religur mikuTvnebulobaze xdeba,
    vidre eTnikurze. am kuTxiT religiur institutebs fasdaudebeli samsaxuris gaweva SeuZliaT eTnikuri
    mimReblobis gazrdis TvalsazrisiT.
 11) rogorc iTqva, fokus jgufebi tardeboda specialurad mowyobis sazafxulo skola-banakSi. aRsaniSnavia,
     rom urTierTamokidebulebebi Sekrebis monawileTa Soris RonisZiebis dasrulebisaTvis
     mniSvnelovnad Seicvala da rac mTavaria, mxolod dadebiTisaken. SeiZleba dabejiTebiT iTqvas, rom
     msgavsi tipis RonisZiebebi - sxvadasxva erovnebis warmomadgenelTa banakuri Tanacxovreba da
     erTmaneTis gacnoba, iseve rogorc erTmaneTis kulturebTan miaxloveba - mniSvnelovanwilad
     asustebs winaganwyobebs da xels uwyobs gaxsnil, megobrul urTierobebze dafuZnebul
     damokidebulebebis Camoyalibebas monawileTa Soris.




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posted:1/16/2013
language:Galician
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