Water supply problems in an HIC - BSHGCSEgeography by malj


									Water supply problems in LICs
Water key terms
             Water borne diseases
• At any given time, half of the world’s hospital beds are occupied by
  patients suffering from diseases associated with lack of access to
  safe drinking water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene.
• The majority of the illness in the world is caused by fecal matter
• 88% of cases of diarrhea worldwide are attributable to unsafe
  water, inadequate sanitation or insufficient hygiene.
• 90% of all deaths caused by diarrheal diseases are children under 5
  years of age, mostly in developing countries.
• It is estimated that improved sanitation facilities could reduce
  diarrhea-related deaths in young children by more than one-third. If
  hygiene promotion is added, such as teaching proper hand washing,
  deaths could be reduced by two thirds. It would also help
  accelerate economic and social development in countries where
  sanitation is a major cause of lost work and school days because of
Complete research on one of the following
  diseases: Bilharzia, Cholera, or Typhoid, guinea
  worm, trachoma

Your research should cover:
• How poor water supply causes it
• Parts of the world that it is particularly prevalent
• What impact the disease has
       Water pollution: Case study the
       Achuar people in the Amazon

Who are the Achuar people?
Where do they live?
Why is their water being polluted?
What impact does the pollution
         The Achuar Tribe, Peru
It is a familiar story. Big business moves into a
   pristine wilderness and starts destroying the
   environment and by turn the livelihoods of
   the indigenous people who live there.

    Oil Company Occidental
       Petroleum located in the
       Oriente region of Ecuador.
    When oil was discovered in the
       Amazon in 1964 oil
       companies began to move
       in at hasty rates in order to
       gain claims on land for
       development and profit.

    Pollution is contaminating the
      larger ecosystem and
      sending toxins downstream
      to Peru.
                   Effects cont….
• Due to the development of the Amazon Rainforest the
  Achuar people’s numbers and livelihood has been
• As a result they have been pushed off a portion of their
• Oil spills that take place in the Achuar territory are seldom
  cleaned up and if they are the oil is improperly buried
  below the ground.
• Major oil pipelines run above rivers that the Achuar depend
  on for bathing and water.
• When these oil pipelines break., which occurs often, the
  water pollutes the Achuar waters and they are left with no
  safe alternatives to drinking water
Self assessment

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