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World Geography Jeopardy Geographical Terms and Understanding: Maps 1. Half of the Globe 2. An imaginary circle around the middle of the earth halfway between the north and south pole 3. An imaginary rod on which the earth rotates 4. A true representation of the shape of the earth. 5. A key telling what symbols are used on a map to represent various features. 6. Distance east or west of the prime meridian, measured in degrees 7. The parallel of latitude that is 23degrees 30’ north of the equator 8. The meridian of 0 degrees longitude that passes through Greenwich, England, and from which other longitudes are measured east and west. 9. A map that shows the natural features of the earth’s surface 10. A letter, picture, or sign that represents something on a map 11. Distance north or south of the equator, measured in degrees 12. The parallel of latitude that is 23 degrees 30’ south of the equator. 13. An imaginary line where each calendar day first begins, running mostly along 180 degrees longitude. 14. A map that shows boundaries of nations and other cultural features. 15. The relationship between a distance on the earth’s surface and the same distance as represented on a map. 16. An imaginary line that passes through all points of the same longitude. 17. The imaginary boundary of the north polar region at 66 degrees 30’north latitude. 18. A series of 24 zones each 15 degrees determined approximately by meridians, within which the same standard time is used. 19. A map that shows elevations as well as the positions of points often in color and with contour lines. 20. A system comprised of parallels and meridians for locating places on the earth’s surface. 21. An imaginary line on the earth connecting points of equal latitude. 22. The imaginary boundary of the South Polar Region at 66 degrees 30’ south latitude. 23. The direction from the International Date Line that the next day begins. 24. A map that employs different colors in a definite order to distinguish land at differing heights and water at varying depths 25. Lines drawn on a map connecting all points that are the same altitude above the sea. 26. The making and study of maps and charts. 27. Either end of the earth’s axis located at 90 degrees north latitude or 90 degrees south latitude. 28. A system instituted by the United States to take advantage of the extra hours of daylight in the summer. 29. A cylindrical map projection in which the distortion of areas increases as it nears the poles but is essential for marine navigation. Page 19 30. Lines on a map that join all places having the same temperature Geographical Terms and Understandings: Land 1. One of the seven great divisions of land on the earth. 2. A body of land entirely surrounded by water. 3. A natural elevation of the earth’s surface, rising high above the surrounding level 4. A trembling of the earth’s surface caused by changes beneath the surface. 5. The shallow portion of the seabed bordering most continents and terminating in a slope which descends steeply into deeper water. 6. The level of the ocean, which is the same all over the world. 7. A narrow portion of land nearly surrounded by water. 8. A raised part of the earth’s surface smaller than a mountain 9. A mountain or hill having an opening through which molten rock, steam, and ashes are expelled from within. 10. A mountain ridge across a continent which separates streams flowing in opposite directions. 11. The elevation of a place above sea level. 12. A point of land jutting out into the water. 13. A long depression or hollow lying between hills and mountains. 14. A break in the earth’s crust, where the land on either side has moved up, down, or sideways along the break. 15. The points at which the land drops sharply and rivers usually become unnavigable. 16. Land adjoining a sea or an ocean. 17. A narrow strip of land connecting two larger portions of land. 18. An area of mostly high, generally level land. 19. A long dry period caused by the absence of rain. 20. A hollow or depression in the earth’s surface, almost entirely surrounded by highlands. 21. A large part of a continent that forms a section of its own. 22. A group of many islands 23. A broad area of flat or gently rolling land. 24. The act of making lands suitable for human use. 25. A chain of mountains 26. Not having an outlet to an ocean or a sea. 27. A ring-shaped coral reef island that surrounds a lagoon. 28. A deep, narrow valley with steep sides. 29. Tiny sea animals whose skeletal remains can build up to form a reef 30. A ridge of rock sand or coral at or near the surface of the water. Geographical Terms and Understanding Water 1. One of the four largest bodies of water on the earth. 2. A body of freshwater or salt water of considerable size, surrounded by land. 3. The beginning of a brook or river. 4. A large river of ice formed from snow on high ground. 5. An artificial waterway for navigation or irrigation. 6. A large natural stream of water. 7. A portion of the sea extending into the land. 8. The part of a river where its waters empty into the sea or into another river. 9. An area where the soil is under shallow water, such as a swamp, marsh or bog. 10. A place where water is collected and stored for future use especially an artificial basin created by the damming of a river. 11. The movement of water from the earth to air and back again to the earth by evaporation, condensation, and precipitation. 12. Part of a body of water that reaches into the land, smaller than a gulf. 13. A river that flows into a larger river. 14. Water that lies beneath the surface of the earth. 15. A part of a river’s course where the water rushes over rocks. 16. The flow of a stream of water, either in a river or through an ocean. 17. A narrow waterway connecting two large bodies of water. 18. Land built up by deposits at the mouth of a river. 19. A usually dry river channel found in desert regions that fills with running water during a cloud burst. 20. A body of water encircled by a coral reef. 21. The regular rising and falling of the ocean. 22. A narrow inlet of the sea between the steep sides of a glaciated valley. 23. The broad mouth of a river into which the tide flows. 24. A bed of a salt lake that contains water at irregular periods 25. A very powerful ocean wave, set off by earthquakes or undersea volcano eruptions, that causes great destruction on land. 26. The study of the ocean and the life within it. 27. A narrow strip of water extending into a coast. 28. A riverbank higher than the surrounding land. 29. The level below which the earth is saturated with water. 30. A floating mass of ice that has broken off from a glacier. Climate and Weather 1. The condition of the atmosphere at one point on the earth’s surface at a given time. 2. The type of climate characterized by sparse rainfall, with hot or variable temperatures. 3. Pertaining to the side facing the wind. 4. A warm ocean current issuing from the Gulf of Mexico and flowing northward along the eastern side of the US 5. The most common storm worldwide characterized by thunder and lightning. 6. The average conditions of weather in a region over a period of years. 7. Term for a hot climate with either heavy rainfall year round or wet summers and dry winters 8. Pertaining to the side away from the wind. 9. A cold ocean current that rises in the Arctic Ocean and follows the eastern coast of Canada southward. 10. A funnel shaped cloud with violent winds that affects a limited area. 11. The layers of air that surround the earth. 12. Term for a climate typical of the interior of continents, characterized by hot summers and cold winters with varying amounts of precipitation. 13. The usual westerly winds that blow between 30 and 60 degrees latitude both north and south of the equator. 14. The continuation of the Gulf Stream that carries warm water northeastward past the northwest coast of Europe. 15. A tropical late summer storm accompanied by high winds and heavy rain. 16. The depositing of moisture in the form of rain, hail, snow, sleet, or ice. 17. Term for a climate of the lower latitudes where the summers are hot and dry and winters are warm and rainy. 18. Winds blowing steadily over the ocean toward the equator from the north east in the northern hemisphere and the south east in the southern. 19. A cold ocean current in the Pacific Ocean that flows northward along the west coast of South America. 20. A seasonal wind of southern Asia that brings heavy rain from the south in summer and dry air from the north in winter. The United States North Central States 1. The level sometimes rolling gradually sloping region that stretches from the Appalachian Highlands to the Rocky Mts. 2. The type of wheat grown chiefly in the milder climate of Kansas covering the topsoil most of the year. 3. The crop region extending from Ohio to Nebraska on which cattle and hogs are raised. 4. The state that produces most of the iron ore for the 2 main industries of the Great Lakes states-iron and steel. 5. A major industrial city that is also a national transportation crossroads for railroad and air traffic and an inland and ocean port. 6. The river that with the MO and Ohio, drains one half of the US into the gulf of Mexico. 7. A kind of storm that threatens farms on the Great Plains brought on when strong winds follow drought. 8. The crop now grown in the drier Plains where once there were prairies and cattle ranges. 9. A major industry of the Midwest that depends on cattle and pigs. 10. Once the auto capital world now it also is big in processed foods and machine tools 11. The only one of the Great Lakes entirely in the US dividing Michigan in 2. 12. The spring and summer storm in which violent winds cause destruction. 13. The state in the Hay and Dairy Belt known as America’s Dairyland because it leads in dairy cattle and cheese. 14. A leading industry of Minneapolis and KC in which wheat is produced. 15. A metro area on both the KS and MO sides of the MO River that is a leading livestock and wheat market transportation center. 16. The main tributary of the Mississippi River upon which dams were built for flood control, irrigation, and navigability. 17. The fossil fuel abundant in Illinois which is used to generate about half the state’s electricity. 18. Bins in which wheat is stored until it is shipped to market. 19. Heavy industry takes place in this urban area in Indiana. 20. The Gateway Arch of the West; also a leader in chemical and food processing plants. 21. The waterway that links much of the Midwest via the Great Lakes with ocean trade routes 22. The 2 leading corn states that have some of the most valuable farmland in the US. 23. Another crop grown in the Corn Belt as feed for livestock. 24. A highly industrialized city in the NE Ohio; an important center for rubber research. 25. The chief port on Lake Erie within easy reach of raw materials and markets that manufactures steel. 26. Low mts. In SD that eroded into gigantic rock stubs and is the location of MT Rushmore. 27. The natural force that leveled the Plains area and left behind rich black soil. 28. Organizations of several small farmers in which the costs and profits of farm production are shared. 29. A city in Kansas known for the manufacture of aircraft and aircraft parts. 30. A lake port and industrial city specializing in farm machinery, engineering, and breweries. Canada: Occupations 1. The main food and export crop of the western plains. 2. The metal mined near Sudbury, Ontario that the US needs and that Canada leads the world in producing. 3. A source of income in the Maritime Provinces, made possible by the area’s sandy beaches beautiful villages and well-stocked fishing streams. 4. The system of canals and locks connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. 5. The large industrial city situated on an island in the ST Lawrence River. 6. A resource that covers half of Canada but is largely untapped. 7. A precious metal used in photography, coins, and jewelry mined in Alberta. 8. The best known product of the Golden Horseshoe off of the coast of Lake Ontario. 9. 3 canals that connect Lake Superior with Lake Huron. 10. A huge industrial city and port on Lake Ontario, important as a financial and transportation center. 11. The name given to the provinces of Alberta, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan where the fertile plains produce wheat and barley. 12. High grade ore found in Quebec which America will start using as Minnesota starts to run out. 13. A very important metal that is produced in Nova Scotia and Ontario. 14. The waterway used by oceangoing vessels to pass between Lake Erie and Ontario which are naturally joined by the Niagara Falls. 15. A major city in British Columbia whose busy harbor is protected by a large island with the same name. 16. 2 chief products and leading exports of the softwood forests. 17. A large island off of the east coast of Nova Scotia having rich coal. 18. A mineral used in fertilizer made in Saskatchewan. 19. The key commercial, transportation, and distribution center in the southern plains. 20. The capital of Canada, located on the border of Quebec and Ontario where many people work in government or wood related industry. 21. The type of farming in Ontario and Quebec that supplies a large home market. 22. A metal Canada leads the world in producing that is used for galvanizing and making brass. 23. The industry in which the majority of Canadians are engaged, working to meet the needs of others. 24. The Nova Scotia city with an ice-free harbor that becomes an important winter port when the St. Lawrence River freezes. 25. The only walled city in N America, beautiful and historic as well as a seaport and manufacturing center. 26. The Garden Province, so called because much farming is done on its fertile red soil. Prince Edward Island 27. Sand deposits that can be processed into petroleum. oil 28. One of the world’s largest aluminum production centers in British Columbia. Kitimat 29. This transcontinental road opened in 1962 and it runs almost 5000 miles. Trans- Canada Highway 30. An international port on Lake Superior that ships area wheat and manufactures transportation products. Middle America and the Caribbean People 1. A person of mixed black and white racial backgrounds. 2. The largest city in the Western Hemisphere. 3. The cause of continuous governmental need to provide more housing, jobs and larger schools. 4. The organization of Latin American countries and the US that works for a common defense. 5. The country that took over the administration of the Panama Canal on 1/1/2000. 6. A person having mixed Euro and Native American ancestry as most Mexicans do. 7. The largest city and capital of Cuba. 8. A major cause of poor crop yields from small farms due to lack of $$ and education. 9. The solution thousands of Latin Americans have sought to escape unemployment. 10. The large Caribbean nation supported by USSR until 1991 where harsh Communist control created many problems. 11. The race of most West Indians whose ancestors were imported by Spaniards to work plantations. 12. The capital of Puerto Rico and is a major manufacturing center. 13. One of the most air polluted cities where the mountains prevent winds from blowing away factory smoke. 14. The major road system to which the International American Highway belongs which links Central American countries. 15. The country that in 1997 had its first transfer of power without a war. 16. The predominant language of this region and a major cultural influence. 17. An international banking city and transfer point for trade and transportation. 18. Institutions that are required but that are too often distant for those who must help support their families. 19. The country whose high standard of living includes generous social services, high literacy rate and lots of parks. 20. The smallest most densely populated Central American country whose agriculture was slowed by war and drought. 21. Farming in which only simple food crops are raised for family use. 22. The densely populated country of which San Jose is the capital and their economy has prospered because rich volcanic soil. 23. Housing that results when too many people move from farms to find jobs in the cities. 24. The government program through which Mexico has redistributed half of the farmland of haciendas to individuals 25. The least developed and poorest of the Central American countries. 26. The severely poor coffee growing country where half of the country is made up of Native Americans who still cling to their culture. 27. The city other than Mexico City that has the largest urban population in Central America. 28. The problem of workers on sugar plantations where the harvest lasts 6 months and the rest of the year is “dead” season. 29. An agreement to eliminate tariffs and other barriers to trade among Canada, Mexico and the US. 30. The island that seceded from the Netherlands in 1986. South America Physical Features 1. The longest and second highest mountain chain in the world. 2. The river that forms the largest drainage basin in the world. 3. The 2000 mile long desert on the coastline of Peru and northern Chile 4. Power developed for South American industries by utilizing the vast water resources there. 5. In South America the month having the shortest day of the year. 6. Mountains in eastern Brazil along the Atlantic Ocean. 7. The estuary of the Parana and Uruguay Rivers on which Buenos Aires is situated. 8. The ocean current responsible for the dry coastal lands of Peru and northern Chile. 9. A precious metal found in large deposits in each of the highland regions. 10. The disturbances along with active volcanoes that cause physical change in the Andes Mountains. 11. Low mountains along Brazil’s northern boundary covered with tropical rainforests. 12. The large shallow lake in Venezuela that is the site of vast oil deposits. 13. The treeless, grassy plains in Argentina and Uruguay that have rich soil and a temperate climate. 14. The type of vegetation covering much of the Amazon Basin 15. The side of the Andes Mountains that receives rain from the Atlantic trade winds. 16. The broad high plateau between parallel ranges of the Andes in Bolivia and Peru. 17. The highest body of water in the world on which steamships operate, located on the border of Bolivia and Peru. 18. The flat rocky tableland in southern Argentina having a cool dry climate. 19. A group of islands west of Ecuador on which live huge turtles and various strange animals. 20. The element that is in short supply in upper elevations of the Andes Mts making breathing difficult. 21. The frigid island shared by Argentina and Chile at the tip of South America that is beset by dangerous winds and seas. 22. An important river in Venezuela that empties in to the Atlantic Ocean. 23. The level grassland region in the tropics. 24. The condition of the soil in the rain forest. 25. The partly forested sparsely populated scrublands in Paraguay and Argentina. 26. The highest peak in the Western Hemisphere at 22,000 above sea level. 27. The channel of water that separates Tierra del Fuego from the S American mainland. 28. A major feature that moderates the South American tropical climate. 29. The South American beast of burden that is also a source of fine wool. 30. The highest waterfall in the world located in Venezuela. (over 3000 feet) Europe Jeopardy: Occupations 1. Europe’s chief grain crop, grown almost everywhere because of its ability to adapt to many different climates. 2. The major resource and export of Finland and Sweden where it is used to process into paper and pulp. 3. The mineral deposits around which industrial areas have developed in Europe 4. Famous fine quality textiles produced in the U.K. from native and imported raw materials 5. A country famous for making precision instruments and timepieces. 6. The main product made from grapes in France. 7. A Nordic nation whose ice-free harbors enable it to earn money from fishing and shipping. 8. One of the world’s most important coal fields and industrial areas in W Germany. 9. The classification of products made in Paris such as jewelry, clothing, and perfume. 10. A leading agricultural nation known for dairy and ham. 11. A source of sugar and fodder grown in France and Germany. 12. The season during which trees are cut in northern forests. 13. The leading mineral of France that is used with coal for the heavy industries of NC Europe. 14. The tiny country in the Mediterranean Sea that specializes in shipbuilding and repair. 15. One of Europe’s most famous resort regions, located between the Alps of southeastern France and the Mediterranean Sea. 16. A staple food of Poland, which grows a large part of the world’s supply on its poorer, cooler plain. 17. An island where fishing, fish processing, and sheep raising are the main industries. 18. The body of water in northern Europe where offshore drilling for oil and natural gas has been going on for some time. 19. The plant from which Belgium and Northern Ireland make fine-quality expensive linens. 20. The island west of England whose economy is based on computers and technology. 21. The grain that ranks second as a source of bread flour raised in Northern Europe. 22. The poor hilly country known for its wine and sardines. 23. The Low country whose coal fields have promoted the steel and textile industries. 24. A country whose known for its automobiles, racing cars, and cameras. 25. The type of agriculture carried on by the Dutch on the damp rich polders. 26. A Mediterranean crop, coming from Spain, grown as a food and a source of cooking oil. 27. Endangered sea animals, once an important source of food and oil, the hunting of which has decreased. 28. A nation whose high standard of living is due to extensive forests, iron ore, and abundant water power. 29. In Germany this mineral is used for plastics, dye, and fertilizers. 30. In Netherlands the world-famous cash crop that also serves as a tourist attraction. Northern Eurasia Occupations 1. The leading grain of this region, yet not enough is produced so they import it. 2. The abundant resource of the northern lands that is processed into paper. 3. The mineral found in huge deposits that have led to increased prosperity in Ukraine. 4. The enormous industry based on the resources found in Ukraine. 5. The region’s largest river which is used to facilitate trade. 6. The plant yielding coarse fibers used for blankets and padding that is grown near the Caspian Sea. 7. The aspect of the lumbering industry that makes it too expensive to utilize the north Asia forests. 8. High grade ore deposits in the Ural Mts. 9. The underlying reason for expensive methods of construction needed to develop the resources in Siberia. 10. The chief means of transportation which made possible the growth of manufacturing in this region. 11. The agriculture use of the drier eastern steppe as well as the southern mountain lands. 12. Two seas to Russia’s NW that are fished for cod, herring, and salmon. 13. The area of rich coal deposits in western Siberia. Southwest Asia and North Africa 1. The vast desert plateau that includes Saudi Arabia, Omen, and Yemen. 2. The world’s longest river flowing northward and is over 4,000 miles long. 3. The desolate expanse across North Africa that separates the Mediterranean Arab countries from the rest of Africa. 4. The resource that is in short supply but is greatly needed for agriculture. 5. The waterway at the western end of the Med Sea that separates Morocco and Spain. 6. A fertile spot in a desert fed by an underground spring. 7. The long body of water between Saudi Arabia and NE Africa. 8. The climate type of much of this region. 9. The area’s most important resource especially around the Persian Gulf 10. The dam built around the Nile River as part of a huge irrigation project which has helped Egypt. 11. A series of roughly parallel ranges located on the Med. Coast of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. 12. An arm of the Arabian Sea lying between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. 13. The term for the climate of the Atlas Coast and parts of turkey, Israel, and Syria that permits the raising of fruits and vegetables. 14. An expensive fuel generally found near oil. 15. The salt lake on the border of Israel and Jordon. 16. The small peninsula between the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea belonging to Egypt but part of Asia. 17. The 2 rivers that rise in Turkey and flow through Iraq into the Persian Gulf forming a wide plain. 18. The flooding river whose narrow banks of rich silt deposits support most of Egypt’s agriculture. 19. The 2 essential minerals that are lacking in this region. 20. A short irregular river in the desert whose beds fills with a sudden rain but soon dries up again. 21. A very high range of snow capped mts that covers 75% of Afghanistan. 22. The channel formed by the meeting of the Tigris and the Euphrates that flows into the Persian Gulf. 23. The name of the rich soil region that curves through the Iraqi plains. 24. The bark of the trees grown in Morocco and Algeria that is valuable for its buoyancy. 25. A poor Islamic country in NW Africa that is being devastated by hot winds. 26. The northern most country of this region a mountainous country bordered by the Black Sea in the north. 27. The waterway that separates Turkey in Europe and Turkey in Asia. 28. The desert covering a large portion of Saudi Arabia 29. An animal valuable as a commercial cleaning tool that is fished for in the Mediterranean. 30. The narrow strait controlled by the Turkish govt at the outlet of the Black Sea at Istanbul. Southwest Asia: People 1. The term for the common ancestry language, religion, and culture that unites much of the region. 2. An animal, sometimes called the ship of the desert that carries goods and people. 3. The educational, cultural center of Turkey named Constantinople in ancient times. 4. The country that both the Arabs and the Israelis have claimed as their historic homeland. 5. The main occupation of the people before oil was discovered. 6. The small nation established by the United Nations in 1948 as a homeland for the Jews. 7. The engineered waterway that separates Africa from Asia and connects the Mediterranean and Red seas. 8. The capital of Iran which has been modernized since 1925 with Persian style buildings. 9. The process used in farming to make arid land productive. 10. A phosphate-rich territory now occupied by Morocco that may choose to become independent. 11. The followers of Islam. 12. The organization that controls pricing and production of oil. 13. The capital of Egypt and the largest city in Africa. 14. The strategically located country that is landlocked and mountainous and has been devastated by war. 15. The capital of Iraq 16. The city holy to Jews, Muslims and Christians that continues to be a source of conflict. 17. The economical way of transporting oil from the oil fields to seaports. 18. Israel’s largest metropolitan area, a commercial area located on the Mediterranean. 19. A Med island country whose Turkish speaking Muslims have severed ties with Greece. 20. The small desert country on the NW coast of the Persian Gulf whose economy is based on oil. 21. The most holy city of the Muslims where they take a pilgrimage at least once in their lifetime. 22. The most famous transportation route through the mountains between Afghanistan and Pakistan. 23. The capital of Saudi Arabia built on a site of an oasis. 24. The substance found in most Iranian lakes that is accumulating in the soil as a result of irrigation. 25. The federation of 7 Arab states each ruled by a sheikh. 26. Semi-nomadic tribes consisting of non-Arab Muslims who have fought for years for their own country. 27. An association of independent Arabic speaking countries involved in political and economic programs to benefit member states. 28. Lebanon’s capital city on the Med Sea which is trying to rebuild its banking and commercial center after year’s of war. 29. A situation prevalent throughout the region except in Israel, Jordon, and Lebanon that must be remedied before advancement can begin. 30. Crowded open-air shopping centers in the old sections of SW Asian cities. Africa-Occupations 1. A versatile cash crop raised as a protein food and for its oil 2. The main crop of west Africa, where much of the world’s supply is produced 3. A precious metal, one third of the world’s supply of which is found in deep mines near Johannesburg in south Africa 4. The animal raised in large number in south Africa for its various export products 5. The type of farming done by the majority of Africans, who raise only enough food for their families. 6. Herders who wander from place to place in dry savannah lands in search of water and food for their sheep, goats, and cattle 7. The tropical tree whose nutlike fruits yields an oil used for food and commercial products 8. A leading export of Zambia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo that is used to make pipes and electrical wire 9. The product derived from the palm and the peanut that is used to make cosmetics and machine lubricants 10. The dam built on the Zambezi River between Zambia and Zimbabwe, which supplies electric power for both nations 11. The leading crop of Sudan, whose production and irrigation is controlled by the government 12. Once set up by Europeans as a plantation crop, now grown mostly on small farms in the rain forest for export 13. The use made of the many diamonds found in South Africa near Pretoria and Kimberley 14. The product made from hides that is sold for export or used in the manufacture of shoes 15. Giant dam on the White Nile River near Khartoum, which was built for irrigation 16. A main crop of Cote d’Ivoire (the Ivory Coast), Uganda, and Ethiopia that is used to make a beverage and medicines. 17. A hard heavy, durable wood that is black and takes high polish 18. A prospering country that is the world’s largest supplier of gem-quality diamonds 19. The food product raised for export on tropical plantation in Mozambique, Mauritius, and Swaziland 20. An extension of land near Africa’s southern tip whose sandy beaches make it a favorite vacation spot 21. An important grain on most Africans’ diet that grows well where moisture is abundant 22. A hard, reddish, tropical wood valuable for furniture making 23. The nation that has one of the world’s richest deposits of iron ore, on which it depends for half its income 24. An element needed for nuclear energy that is found and processed in Niger and South Africa 25. Big-game hunting expeditions into Africa’s grasslands 26. A staple grain, used for human and animal consumption, that is raised in hot, dry areas where no other grains can thrive 27. A common savanna tree that produces gum Arabic, a substance used in making glue, candy, and drugs 28. A leading mineral of South Africa and Gabon that is used to make steel and chemicals 29. A crop grown on east African plantations and farms, whose leaf fibers are made into twine and rope 30. The disease-carrying insect that must be controlled before cattle can be raised throughout the savanna Asia Physical Features 1. The system of high, rugged mountains along India’s northern border, separating the Indian subcontinent from the rest of Asia. 2. The northern part of the Indian Ocean bordered by India and Bangladesh. 3. A republic once controlled by the Dutch consisting of many thousands of islands. 4. Seasonal winds that bring torrential rains in the hot summer and cool dry air in the winter. 5. The ore found in abundance in India that forms the core of major industries. 6. The narrow peninsula in SE Asia that includes Thailand. 7. China’s longest river that has millions of people living along its banks. 8. The island nation off the southern tip of India that has tea and rubber plantations. 9. The term for the soil of the vast fertile northern plain of India. 10. The fuel mineral of which ample reserves have recently been found in Indonesia and China. 11. The dry region that dominates Mongolia. 12. The greatest waterway in India whose waters are used to irrigate its fertile valley. 13. The developing Pacific republic of over 7,000 islands the largest being Luzon. 14. The dark-colored ocean current that flows northeastward from the Philippines warming the climate of Japan. 15. The growing concern in much of this area due to heavy coal use and unregulated waste water disposal. 16. The vast area bounded by the Himalayas on the south and Kunlun Shan on the north that is too high and cold to support vegetation. 17. A great river flowing east called China’s Sorrow because of its yellow waters that cause floods. 18. The largest and most populated of the Japanese islands. 19. A tropical cyclone occurring along the Pacific coasts of SE Asia. 20. A major source of power in China, found in Manchuria and used in the iron and steel industry there. 21. A high rugged area north of Pakistan from which several mountain ranges radiate including the Himalayas and Kunlun Shan. 22. The river that winds through Pakistan and into the Arabian Sea. 23. The most heavily populated and industrialized island of Indonesia. 24. The natural occurrence that prevents the buildings in crowded Japanese cities from being built more than several stories high. 25. The fuel reserves recently discovered in Brunei and Indonesia. 26. The desert that lies in China’s SW region surrounded by mountains that keeps rain- bearing wind out. 27. The river that flows southward through Laos and empties into the China Sea. 28. 2nd largest island in the world 29. Physical features of Indonesia and Japan that makes soil fertile but is dangerous. 30. An alloy metal found in China that is used in steel and electric bulbs. Asia: Occupations 1. The area’s chief crop and the basic food of the people grown in the long hot wet summers. 2. A flooded field enclosed by dikes in which wet rice is raised. 3. The leading source of animal protein in the Japanese diet. 4. A leading export of Japan that is derived from the cocoons of caterpillars raised on mulberry leaves. 5. An occupation of millions who live along rivers and warm shallow seas. 6. A plant grown on hot rainy plantations in India and Sri Lanka for export. 7. Large estates set up in SE Asia by Europeans to grow crops such as rubber and tea. 8. A valuable tropical hardwood used for furniture and shipbuilding. 9. The resource that has enabled countries such as Japan, Taiwan, and Hong Kong to become industrial giants. 10. The country that is the world’s largest producer of tin. 11. The cash crop of the Deccan plateau on which India’s major industry is based. 12. The method used on steep hillsides for growing rice. 13. The source of sea products that supplements the traditional catch in coastal and deep sea waters. 14. The great industry the Japanese have developed from imported raw materials to provide for auto production. 15. The business of producing consumer goods at home such as fabrics and carpet. 16. A product used commercially worldwide that is derived from trees on hot plantations in Indonesia. 17. The agricultural product that overcrowded Asian countries cannot afford to raise on their limited farmland. 18. The lumber industry process that is neglected in some Asian countries. 19. The area in NE China that is highly industrialized thanks to coal and oil deposits. 20. The name of skillfully made artistic items that are produced for sale to tourists. 21. A plant grown chiefly in the muddy Ganges Delta in India from which twine is made. 22. The animals many Chinese raise for meat because they feed on scraps rather than grazing on land. 23. The animal fished for in SW Asian waters whose skeleton is used as a cleaning tool 24. The chemical product manufactured on the Indian subcontinent for the improvement of agriculture. 25. Thailand’s capital city where there are many shrines. 26. A food crop and a source of oil and protein grown in NE China. 27. The ancient farming method used in SE Asia in which wooded areas are burned then fertilized with the ashes. 28. The special sea animal that is bred by the Japanese to produce pearls. 29. High-quality products made in Japan using few raw materials and much skill 30. A product of the coconut palm raised on Philippine plantations that yields an oil used to make soap and margarine. Australia and Oceania 1. Mountain ranges in eastern Australia that are not high but rise steeply from the coastal plain. 2. The river in SE Australia that with its tributaries irrigates a vast area. 3. The country lying 1200 miles south of Australia that consists of 2 large islands and a number of small inlets. 4. An arid region in the center of Australia to which these names refer: Great Sandy and Great Victoria 5. Wells that use natural water pressure and supply water to much of Australia’s grazing land. 6. The landform that occupies three fifths of Australia broken only by a few hilly ranges. 7. Australia’s longest river which rises in the eastern mountains and flows into the Murray River. 8. The Australian island state located south of the continent 9. A tropical storm in the Pacific that causes serious damage with its violent winds and rains. 10. Dried coconut meat which yields an oil used for soap and candles and is a chief export for Pacific islands. 11. The range that runs the whole length of New Zealand’s South Island and contains snow fields and glaciers. 12. That part of the South Pacific Ocean between SE Australia and Western New Zealand 13. The country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea 14. The climate type of northern Australia and most of the Pacific islands. 15. The power produced from New Zealand’s many swift flowing rivers supplying most of the country’s needs.
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