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Tourism planning

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					                     Tourism planning

Tourism is one of the largest global industries, much of it
focusing on the attractions of relatively pristine natural
environments. A visit to an MPA is increasingly part of
coastal holidays for foreign visitors, as well as an outing
for local residents. Investors often want to construct
tourism facilities near to an MPA, as this gives them
additional marketing value. Visitors and tourism operators
are thus key stakeholders in the MPA, bringing benefits
through revenue and employment. Tourism can however
have negative impacts through: increased resource use
(for both food and souvenirs); habitat destruction and
pollution from construction; social and cultural impacts;
physical damage to sensitive habitats such as coral reefs
and mangroves, and disturbance of wildlife.
Many MPAs in the WIO have the promotion of tourism
and recreation as an objective and thus need a clear
policy on the type of tourism (e.g. high value, low
impact) and number of visitors to be encouraged. A plan
for preventing and mitigating adverse impacts, whether
these originate inside or outside the boundaries, is also
required. There is much literature providing guidance on
sustainable tourism, as well as international schemes that
give recognition to initiatives adopting high
environmental standards. An MPA may be able to link
with one of these, or learn from the approach (see case
study).

				
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Description: Tourism planning