Suppose_ for example by rrrkakushi


									    8. From Ear to Brain. Though this stage is in
a sense the mirror image of stage 4, "From
brain to speech organs," there are two
important differences.
    First, when the message went from A's
brain to his speech organs, it was transmitted
as a string of discrete segments; but since it
was then turned into a "smeared continuum"
by A's speech organs, this is the shape in
which it now reaches B's brain.
    Second, speaker A was able to send the
message only because, somewhere inside his
head, he possessed the proper code; hearer B,
however, can receive all the energy in the
message whether he knows the code or not—
though of course he can do nothing further
with it unless he does know the same code.
We can "hear" all there is to hear in a foreign
language message;
  wc can "understand" the message only if we
  also know the foreign language code.
      9, 10, 11. Phonological, Grammatical, and
 Semantic Decoding. Though wc surely use
 these three different types of decoding when
 we hear and understand a message, the
 evidence suggests that we do not use them
 in a step-by-step procedure but rather race
 back and forth from one to the other, picking
 up all the information we can get.
     Suppose, for example, that we receive a
message which we tentatively decode
phonologically as, "I hope this'll suture plans."
A quick check with the grammatical
component of the code reveals that there is
indeed a morpheme suture marked "transitive
verb" (that is to say, we know that one can
"suture something"), so all is well for the
moment. But a check farther up the line in the
semantic component tells us that one just
does not "suture plans/* so something must
be wrong.

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