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					Stationary Source
Control Equipment


        Carlos Garcia
Technical Projects Coordinator
       Central Region
Stationary Source
Stationary Source   ♦ Particulate
                    ♦ Particulate
Control Equipment
Control Equipment   ♦ SOx
                    ♦ SOx
                    ♦ VOC
                    ♦ VOC
                    ♦ CO
                    ♦ CO
                    ♦ NOx
                    ♦ NOx
PM Control
PM Control




             Cyclones
             Baghouses
             ESPs
             Scrubbers
             Particulate Filters
Cyclones
 Multi-
 Multi-
Cyclone
Cyclone
Baghouse
Baghouse
Baghouse
Baghouse
      Clean Air

Clean Air Plenum
                        Solenoids
 Pulse Pipe

                        Dust-
                      Laden Air


                       Inlet Baffle



        Bag Venturi
          Cage



Pulse Jet
Pulse Jet
Baghouse
Baghouse
Pulse Jet Baghouse
Pulse Jet Baghouse
Inside a Pulse Jet Baghouse
Inside a Pulse Jet Baghouse
Pulse Jet
Pulse Jet
  Bag
  Bag
  Measuring
  Measuring
Pressure Drop
Pressure Drop
Magnehelic
Magnehelic
  Guage
  Guage
Baghouse Design Considerations

  Pressure Drop
  Air-To-Cloth Ratio
  Collection Efficiency
  Fabric Type
  Cleaning
  Temperature Control
  Bag Spacing
  Compartment Design
  Space and Cost
Electrostatic
Electrostatic
Precipitators
Precipitators
         Bio Mass Power Plant
         Bio Mass Power Plant




Electrostatic Precipitator
Electrostatic Precipitator
Electrostatic Precipitator
Electrostatic Precipitator
     Electrical Field Generation
     Electrical Field Generation
                  Collection Electrode
                  Collection Electrode




                       Electrical Field
                       Electrical Field


Discharge Electrode
Discharge Electrode




                      Collection Electrode
                      Collection Electrode
 ESPs: Design Factors
 ESPs:
 Affecting Performance

Specific Collection Area
Aspect Ratio
Collection Plate Spacing
Sectionalization
Power Requirements/Spark Rate
      Diesel
      Diesel
Particulate Filters
Particulate Filters
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)
PM Scrubbers
PM Scrubbers
                            Clean Gas
Packed-Bed
Packed-Bed
Wet Scrubber
                                        Mist Eliminator




             Liquid Spray
                                         Packing




      Dirty Exhaust
                                        Dirty
                                        Scrubber
                                        Liquid
Packed-Bed Wet Scrubber
Packed-Bed Wet Scrubber
 SOx
 SOx
Control
Control


 Wet
 Wet
 FGD
 FGD
Five FGD Scrubber Modules
Five FGD Scrubber Modules
      on Utility Boiler
      on Utility Boiler
      VOC Control
      VOC Control

♦
♦   Transfer Efficiency
    Transfer Efficiency
♦
♦   Containment
    Containment
♦
♦   Condensation
    Condensation
♦
♦   Absorption
    Absorption
♦
♦   Adsorption
    Adsorption
♦
♦   Oxidation
    Oxidation
High Volume Low Pressure (HVLP)
High Volume Low Pressure (HVLP)
          Spray Gun
           Spray Gun
   Controlled Spraying
   Controlled Spraying




Reduces VOC emissions
 Reduces VOC emissions
Increases transfer efficiency
 Increases transfer efficiency
Low fluid tip pressure
 Low fluid tip pressure
Employee gun handling training
 Employee gun handling training
Gel Coat Application in a Spray Booth
Gel Coat Application in a Spray Booth
Carbon Adsorption
Carbon Adsorption
     Systems
     Systems
                           Adsorber 1          Air
                                             Stripped
Vapor-Laden
 Air Stream
                                        Control
                                        Device



     Filter Cooler   Fan



           Low-Pressure    Adsorber 2
              Steam




              Carbon Adsorption System
  Carbon
   Carbon
 Adsorbers
 Adsorbers
  at a Soil
  at a Soil
Remediation
Remediation
    Site
     Site
Combustion Sources
Combustion Sources
Flare at
Landfill



  Combustion of VOCs
  Combustion of VOCs
Oxidizers
Oxidizers
Thermal Oxidizer/Afterburner
Thermal Incinerator
Venting to Oxidizer
Venting to Oxidizer
      NOx Control


Thermodynamic realities
Thermodynamic realities
Low-NOx combustion techniques
Low-NOx              techniques
Ammonia injection (SCR & SNCR)
Ammonia injection (SCR & SNCR)
Catalytic controls
Catalytic controls
Thermal NOx
Thermal NOx
Fuel-bound NOx
Fuel-bound NOx   NOx Creation
                 NOx Creation
Prompt NOx
Prompt NOx
Low-NOx Burner with Staged Fuel
Low-NOx Burner with Staged Fuel
  Flue Gas
  Flue Gas
Recirculation
Recirculation
Gas Turbine Power Plant
Gas Turbine Power Plant
       Controls
       Controls
Gas Turbine
Gas Turbine
Power Plant
Power Plant
Typical Power
Typical Power
    Plant
     Plant
GE LM6000 Gas Turbine
GE LM6000 Gas Turbine
Steam/Water
Steam/Water
  Injection
  Injection
SCR
SCR
Selective Catalytic Reduction
           (SCR)
NOx control thru ammonia (NH3) injection
NOx control thru ammonia (NH3) injection
4NO + 4NH3 + O2
4NO + 4NH3 + O2      4N2 + 6H2O
                     4N2 + 6H2O
2NO2 + 4NH3 + O2
2NO2 + 4NH3 + O2     3N2 + 6H2O
                     3N2 + 6H2O
65-90% control
65-90% control
Problems
Problems
  Expensive
   Expensive
  High maintenance
   High maintenance
  Ammonia “slip”
   Ammonia “slip”
  Catalyst replacement & disposal
   Catalyst replacement & disposal
NH3 Manifold
NH3 Manifold
Small Boiler
Small Boiler
 with SCR
 with SCR
Utility Boiler with SCR
Utility Boiler with SCR
Gas Fired
I.C. Engine
Controls
Gas Fired
I.C. Engines
Three-Way Catalyst
The End
The End

				
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