Docstoc

piano tutorial

Document Sample
piano tutorial Powered By Docstoc
					                       Chord Functions                              page 1




Key Of C Major : Triads
       I          II      III       IV         V        VI         VII




              minor      minor     major     major      minor     diminished
    major




Key Of C Major : 4 note voicings
                                                        VI        VII
   I         II         III        IV         V




            minor 7    minor 7   major 7   dominant 7 minor 7 half-diminished
 major 7




Key Of C Major : 5 note voicings
                                              V         VI
   I         II                   IV




            minor 9              major 9   dominant 9   minor 9
 major 9




                         ©2006 Wayne Richardson
          Basic four note root position chords                              page 2


1) a major seven chord has a major third and a major seventh
2) a minor seven chord has a minor third and a minor seventh
3) a dominant seven chord has a major third and a minor seventh
4) a half-diminished chord has a minor third, a flat fifth, and a minor seventh
5) a minor/major seven chord has a minor third and a major seventh




     1                 2                 3            4               5
         7               7               7             Ø                  (maj7)
   Cmaj             Cm               C                C             Cm




                             ©2006 Wayne Richardson
                   Basic Chord Symbols             page 3


There are many different conventions for writing chord
symbols. We will use the following:

                                         7
major seven chord            C maj

                                 6
major six chord              C

                                     7
minor seven chord            Cm

                                 7
dominant seven chord         C

                                 Ø
half-diminished chord        C

                                 o7
diminished chord             C

                                 (+5)
augmented chord              C




                      ©2006 Wayne Richardson
                  The II – V – I progression                page 4


The II – V – I is the most common chord progression in Jazz

Key of C major: 4 note voicings

A 4 note chord built on the second degree of the C major scale is
D minor seven…..the II chord.

A 4 note chord built on the fifth degree of the C major scale is
G seven…..the V chord.

A 4 note chord built on the first degree of the C major scale is
C major seven…..the I chord.




                        ©2006 Wayne Richardson
     Three Note Voicings (with root in left hand)             Page 5



• Left hand plays only the root. Always position the root lower
  than the “C” below “middle C”.

• Right hand plays the two “guide tones”.
  The “guide tones” are the 3rd and 7th of the chord.

• Guide tone range:
              lowest “guide tone” - “Eb” below “middle C”.
              highest “guide tone” - “F” above “middle C”.

• Right Hand also plays a third (extra) note.
  The third note is positioned above the highest “guide
  tone”.
  The third note should be the 5th or the 9th.
  Exception: on dominant chords use a 13th instead of a 5th

• Half-diminished chords must have a flatted 5th included in the
  voicing. In some cases, the flatted 5th has to be positioned in
  between the two “guide tones”.




                         ©2006 Wayne Richardson
          F Blues - Functions                                    page 6



     I7         IV
                        7
                                     I7             ( II - V ) ->




                    7
IV
     7
               IV                    I
                                         7            ( V ) ->




                                 7
II         V                 I               ( V ) -> II     V




                ©2006 Wayne Richardson
            F Blues with guide tones                                 page 7


        7               7               7            7           7
     F             B                    F           Cm       F




        7              7                7                7
B                  B                    F            D




    7          7                    7           7    7       7
Gm             C                   F        D       Gm       C




                       ©2006 Wayne Richardson
            Extensions - major                                      page 8


D minor 7     (thirteenth)
              eleventh
              ninth
              seventh
              fifth
              third
              root




G7              thirteenth
                (sharp eleventh - must be voiced above the fifth)
                ninth
                seventh
                fifth
                third
                root




C major 7       thirteenth
                (sharp eleventh - must be voiced above the fifth)
                ninth
                major seventh
                fifth
                third
                root




              ©2006 Wayne Richardson
                        Extensions - minor                                                page 9


D half-diminished
                                  (flat thirteenth)
                                  eleventh
                                  (natural ninth)
                                  seventh
                                  flat fifth
                                  third
                                  root




G 7 altered
                                     flat thirteenth or sharp fifth
                                     (sharp eleventh)
                                     flat ninth
                                     seventh
                                     third                If the dominant chord contains a flat
    sharp ninth                                           13th, do not include the natural fifth
                                     root




C minor/major 7                    thirteenth
                                   (eleventh)
                                   ninth
                                   major seventh
                                   fifth
                                   third
                                   root




C minor 7 (as a I chord)
                                   eleventh
                                   ninth
                                   seventh
                                   fifth
                                   third
                                   root


   Note:      No flat nine intervals, except above the root of dominant chords

              As a general rule, do not include the sharp eleventh in your
              voicing unless it is asked for in the chord symbol

                                    ©2006 Wayne Richardson
            D Blues with guide tones                               page 10


        7              7                      7        7           7
     D              G                     D           Am       D




 7                  7                         7            7
G                  G                      D            B




    7           7                     7           7    7           7
Em             A                  D               B   Em       A




                        ©2006 Wayne Richardson
                Bb Blues with guide tones                               page 11


            7                7                 7            7            7
     B                  E                  B               Fm       B




        7                   7                  7                7
E                       E                  B                G




    7               7                      7           7    7           7
Cm                 F                   B           G       Cm       F




                            ©2006 Wayne Richardson
                Bb Blues - 3 note voicings                                            page 12

1st: guide tones
2nd: add a 9th or 5th above the guide tones.
Exception: on dominant chords use a 13th instead of a 5th.

               13               9                   13                9                13
          B               E                    B                     Fm           B




           9                   9                    13                    7(-9)
      E                   E                    B                      G




       7              9                        13            7(-9)    7           9
     Cm              F                     B             G           Cm           F




                              ©2006 Wayne Richardson
             Autumn Leaves                            E. Cosmos / J. Prevert
                                                      Lyric J.Mercer
                                                                                   page 13



    Pickup        A        Cm
                               7        7
                                                           B maj
                                                                   7
                                                                        E maj
                                                                               7
                                        F


             1.
        Ø         7                               7
    A         D                              Gm


             2.
                  7(-9)                       7
             D                              Gm


        Ø                     7(-9)
                          D                           7
B   A                                         Gm



      7                7                              7                    7
    Cm                F                     B maj                 E maj



     Ø                          7(-9)
                              D                       7                    7
    A                                         Gm                       B


                      7(-9)                       7
        Ø          D
    A                                        Gm
               II - V - I (major keys)                         page 14

System A
        9                 13               9
     Dm        9       G         13    Cmaj       9
               7                  3               maj7
               5                  9            5
               3                  7            3
                                                  |
      8vb -----------------------------------------




Keys: E major, Eb major, D major, Db major, C major, B major, Bb major




System B
      9                 13                    9
    Am                D                Gmaj
               5                  9
                                                    5
               3                  7
                                                    3
               9                  13                9
               7                  3                 maj7




    Keys: A major, Ab major, G major, Gb major, F major




                           ©2006 Wayne Richardson
                II - V - I (minor keys)                                page 15

System A
           Ø                   7 ( 9, 13)        9            9(maj7)
          D          8        G      13      Cm        (or) Cm
                                                    9               9
                     7               3              7               maj7
                     5                9             5               5
                   3                 7              3               3
         8vb --------------------------------------------------|




   Keys: E minor, Eb minor, D minor, C# minor, C minor, B minor




System B
      Ø                  7 ( 9, 13)          9                     9(maj7)
     B                   E                  Am             (or)   Am
                 5                    9               5                  5
                3                     7                3                 3
                8                     13              9                  9
                7                     3                                  maj7
                                                      7




   Keys: Bb minor, A minor, G# minor, G minor, F# minor, F minor




                             ©2006 Wayne Richardson
Root voicings   page 16
              All The Things You Are                                                      page 17
                          Hammerstein / Kern

      7                   7                        7                              7
    Fm            B m                      E                          A maj



          7                       7        7                      7
D maj                         Dm       G                     Cmaj


      7               7                            7                          7
    Cm         Fm                          B                          E maj


                          Ø
        7             A                 7alt               7          Ø               7alt
A    maj                      3        D               Gmaj           B               E



     7            7                                      7
Am                D                                Gmaj



      7                   7                                       7               Ø           7alt
F    m                B                                      Emaj         G               C



  7                7                           7                              7
Fm            B   m                    E                              A maj



        7                       6                    7                    o7
D    maj                  D    m                   Cm                     B



      7                            7                          6
                                                         A                    Ø            7alt
B    m                        E                                           G               C

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Stats:
views:11
posted:1/16/2013
language:
pages:17