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					• Support for the 'mother country' (Britain) was not the
  only reason Australian men rushed to enlist, other
  reasons included:
• Fear that the opportunity for adventure would pass
  them by if they did not enlist quickly
• The feeling that it was their 'duty' to enlist
• The chance to earn higher wages
• The desire to avoid the disapproval of peers and
  young women; some women showed their
  disapproval of men who were not in uniform by
  giving them a white feather, a symbol of cowardice
• Hatred of the 'Hun' (insulting name for Germany)
• Australian soldiers were unprepared and unaware of what
  awaited for them at Gallipoli
• on 25th April 1915, 16000 Anzac troops landed 2km north of
  the intended position
• Turkish forces were located at the top of the steep cliffs that
  fringed the tiny landing beach- which later became known as
  Anzac Cove
• With artillery at both ends of the beach, the Turkish forces were
  ideally located to gun down the invaders
• By nightfall of the first day the Anzacs had advanced about
  900m with around 2000 casualties, including 621 dead
• over the next week another 27000 soldiers landed at Anzac
  cove where they fought to maintain control of the beach and
  build trenches- All under constant barrage of Turkish fire from
  distances as close as 30m.
• Soldiers armed with entrenching tools and
  sandbags hastily constructed the trenches
  and dugouts that would provide them with
  some protection
• over the following weeks, dugouts appeared
  all over the hillsides above Anzac Cove
• These were the places where the Anzacs
  ate, slept, wrote letters home, smoked
  cigarettes and waited until they were called
  to active duty.
• Conditions at Gallipoli tested everyone’s endurance
• By mid-year the weather had become hot and there were
  plagues of disease-carrying flies and fleas
• Supply ships bought in water from Egypt but their was never
  enough
• By October, Soldiers were beginning to experience the bitter
  cold, mud and ice of a Turkish winter
• Troops who had arrived in peak physical condition soon
  suffered dysentery, diarrhoea, gastroenteritis and infestations
  of lice
• It was virtually impossible to keep clean
• toilet's were open pits
• corpse's lay rotting in no-man's land
• As many as 20% of soldiers were sick due to poor hygiene
• It was difficult to escape either physically or
  psychologically from the war
• However, soldiers were willing to risk the
  danger's of enemy fire in their quest for
  some light relief and the opportunity to feel
  cool and clean
• soldiers relaxed by swimming and playing
  cricket on the beach.
Anderson. M, Low. A, Keese. I, Conroy.
J. Retroactive 2 stage 5: Australian
history. Third edt. (2000) John Wiley &
Sons: Milton Qld.

				
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