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Action Council for Peace in the Balkans
December 5, 1994 The Week in Review Nov. 28-Dec. 4, 1994
SERB FORCES FROM BOSNIA, CROATIA, AND SERBIA PROPER CONTINUED TO POUND Government-held sections of the Bihac “safe area.” They have captured nearly half of Bihac town and made significant advances elsewhere in the Bihac pocket. Fierce fighting continued in Velika Kladusa, a major town in the north of the pocket, as Croatian Serbs and rebel Muslims pressed their offensive. The Serbs have cut water supplies to all of Velika Kladusa and most of Bihac town. Bosnian Serb forces continued to shell Sarajevo and other “safe areas” in Bosnia, and attacked Government buildings in Sarajevo with wire-guided anti-tank missiles. On Friday, Russia vetoed a U.N. Security Council resolution to stop the flow of military supplies from Serbia to the Croatian Serbs, who share them with the Bosnian Serbs. CROATIA VOWED TO FREE BIHAC if the U.N. and NATO allow it to fall. Croatian Defense Minister Gojko Susak stated Thursday that the Croatian Army had thus far acceded to U.N. and NATO requests not to intervene. Croatian forces exchanged artillery and mortar fire with Croatian Serb forces in Dalmatia in the most serious clashes between Government and rebel forces since March. Susak said that NATO‟s failure to save Bihac had shown Zagreb that it could not rely on the U.S. for Croatia‟s security. THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION renounced a “military solution” to the Bosnia crisis and called for more diplomacy. The policy shift preceded Thursday‟s NATO summit in Brussels, at which the allies announced that disagreements over Bosnia policy had been set aside. On Sunday, incoming Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole and House Speaker Newt Gingrich blasted Clinton’s Bosnia policy and called for the withdrawal of UNPROFOR, the arming and training of Bosnian Government forces, and extensive airstrikes against the Bosnian Serbs if they continued to attack Government forces. Secretary of State Warren Christopher labeled the three-step plan a “war strategy,” and argued that the only two options for the U.S. in Bosnia were either to stick to diplomacy alone or to send in more than a hundred thousand U.S. ground troops. BOSNIAN SERBS STEPPED UP their intimidation of the U.N. and NATO. At week‟s end, the Bosnian Serbs continued to hold more than 400 UNPROFOR personnel hostage. UNPROFOR troops were besieged at their posts, kidnapped, beaten, and humiliated, and at least two female British soldiers were sexually assaulted. In one incident, Bosnian Serb commandos attacked a U.N. observation post in Croatia, kidnapped seven Ukrainian soldiers, and drove off with a U.N. armored vehicle. On Thursday, Bosnian Serbs cut natural gas supplies to Sarajevo and, in a move that led the U.N. to close the airport, threatened to shoot down planes. The Serbs have reinforced ground to air missile systems around Sarajevo. UNHCR suspended aid convoys across Bosnia Thursday after Serbs refused to allow their passage. NATO INFORMED U.N. officials that it could no longer provide close air support to UNPROFOR troops unless given permission to attack the increasing number of Serbian antiaircraft systems. NATO overflights were canceled for four days after UNPROFOR commanders denied permission for strikes. The U.N. argued that strikes would be an act of war against the Bosnian Serbs. NATO resumed military flights Saturday. PRESIDENT CLINTON AGREED “IN PRINCIPLE” to send U.S. troops to aid in a future evacuation of UNPROFOR. White House Spokeswoman Dee Dee Myers said Wednesday that U.S. troops would almost certainly take part in an evacuation. Defense Secretary Perry asserted that no contingency plans for such an operation have been drawn up by the Pentagon. CITING DIFFERENCES with Turkish Prime Minister Tansu Ciller, Foreign Minister Mumtaz Soysal resigned Monday after four months in office. Soysal‟s tough approach to foreign policy included an fierce war of words this fall with Greece over the possible extension of Greek territorial waters in the Aegean Sea. KOSOVAR ALBANIAN LEADER IBRAHIM RUGOVA met in Washington with Administration officials and Congressional leaders. Thursday, National Security Advisor Anthony Lake praised the non-violent resistance of Kosovo‟s Albanians to Serbian rule, and assured Rugova that easing sanctions against Belgrade must be linked to improved conditions for Albanians in Kosovo.

A Weekly Review of Current Events

Volume 1.13

Quotes of the Week
“I believe in peace through strength. I prefer to rely on the military rather than the diplomats to protect your home.”–Rep. Newt Gingrich, calling for
a NATO air campaign against Serbia (ABC-TV 12/4/94)

group‟ is violating its own rules, because they said there was nothing more to talk about unless the Serbs accepted the plan.” – Bosnian Prime
Minister Haris Silajdzic (New York Times 11/29/94)

“We are favoring NATO unity over what we have long believed the course in Bosnia ought to be.”—Anonymous Clinton Administration official
(Washington Post 11/29/94)

“Would they reward genocide and hand half of Bosnia over to a Greater Serbia? The „contact

“Our concern is the scope of confederation. The word may imply the continued unity of Bosnia would be a sham and in fact a Greater Serbia will be born. That‟s where we would draw the line.”—
Senior U.S. official (Washington Post 11/29/94)

“Confederation is no longer our demand. We want complete independence and U.N. recognition.”—Bosnian Serb official Nikola Koljevic
(Washington Post 12/2/94)

Calendar Dec. 5-6: CSCE ministerial meeting in Budapest Dec. 18: Bulgarian parliamentary elections Jan. 9: UNPROFOR mandate in Bosnia up for renewal in the U.N. Security Council PO Box 28268, Washington, DC 20038-0268

Balkan Watch Annex   “On This One, Dole is Precisely on Target.” Los Angeles Times. (editorial) David Rieff. “Bosnia‟s „Peacekeepers‟: Eunuchs at the Orgy.” Los Angeles Times. (op-ed) PHONE (202) 737-1414 FAX (202) 737-1940

Balkan Watch is a publication of the Action Council for Peace in the Balkans

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