8th Grade Health Education2012

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                                 8th Grade Health Education
                                     Essential Curriculum

UNIT: Safety, First Aid, and Injury Prevention

Health Content Concepts
    Critique strategies to avoid or handle unsafe situations, including gang activity.
      o Gangs
      o Internet safety – cyber bullying
      o Cell phone safety
      o Emergencies (natural disasters, terrorist attacks, other)
    Summarize strategies for the prevention and intervention of child abuse.
      o Four types – physical, sexual, mental injury, and neglect
      o Resources for intervention
    Describe strategies for the prevention and intervention of harassment, to include sexual

Interpersonal Communication
    Choose conflict resolution skills to prevent violence.
       o Types of violence
       o Bulling, name-calling, teasing, harassment, and other forms of conflict
       o Verbal vs. nonverbal communication
       o Listening skills

UNIT: Social and Emotional Health

Health Content Concepts
    Compare sources of stress and their effects on health.
    Examine the effects of unmanaged distress to include depression and suicide.
      o Consequences of untreated depression
      o Warning signs of suicide
      o Suicide prevention strategies
      o Resources for help with social and emotional health concerns
      o Ways to help others with social and emotional health concerns

Self-Management and Goal Setting
     Construct healthy strategies for managing stress.
      o Coping skills
      o Personal improvement and goal setting
      o Avoiding setbacks
UNIT: Human Sexuality

NOTE 1: Prior to beginning instruction in this very sensitive topic, it is important to establish
ground rules that promote open and honest discussion and create a safe classroom environment
for such discussion.

NOTE 2: The following terms may be defined if they come up during the course of instruction:
“oral sex, anal intercourse.”

Interpersonal Communication
    Describe the components of sexuality to include biological, psychological, cultural, and
       o Define “sexuality.”
       o Define “sexual orientation” (heterosexual, homosexual, and bisexual).
       o Dimensions of sexuality (biological, psychological, cultural, and ethical)
       o Factors that influence stereotyping and generalizing about gender roles
       o Components of healthy relationships

Health Content Concepts
    Review the anatomy and physiology of the male and female reproductive system.
    Describe the prevention, symptoms, and treatment of STIs to include HIV/AIDS.
      o HIV/AIDS, syphilis, gonorrhea, Chlamydia, HPV, genital warts, genital herpes, etc.
      o The progression from HIV to AIDS
    Describe various contraceptives and their effectiveness in reducing the risk of pregnancy.
      o Abstinence, condoms, withdrawal, oral contraceptives, and spermicides
      o Emphasize abstinence as the healthiest behavior for youth.

Accessing Resources
    Identify sources of support to promote sexual health.
       o Define “sexual health.”
       o Behaviors that promote sexual health
           Regular check-ups
           Breast/testicular self-exam
           Early identification of potential problems
UNIT: Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Drugs

Health Content Concepts
    Distinguish between healthy and unhealthy use of prescription and over-the-counter
      (OTC) drugs.
      o Follow directions for use
      o Negative effects of combining medications
      o Forms of misuse
          Taking someone else’s prescription
          Combining drugs
          Overmedication
      o Consequences of prolonged use
    Analyze the physical, psychological, social, economic, and legal consequences of drug
      o Tolerance, addiction, and withdrawal
      o Emphasize short and long-term effects of marijuana

     Demonstrate skills that promote a personal commitment to remain drug free.
      o Normative Education * - teaching youth what’s normal as most believe gateway drug
         use is more prevalent than it really is
      o Cultural sensitivity* - an awareness and respect for the fact that needs and motivation
         of people are often greatly affected by culture, race, and gender.
      o Resistance skills*
      o Decision making
      o Problem solving
      o Goal setting
      o Stress management
      o Assertiveness
      o NOTE 1: *Research has shown that the following three skills are the most important:
         normative education, cultural sensitivity, and resistance skills.
      o NOTE 2: Students should not be placed in the role of perpetrator in role-play

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