English Grammar, Tenses by yudypur

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									                                         TENSES
Use of Words Full Employment Be (Am, Is, and Are) the tenses

                                      Simple Present Tense
I          am                         now / today / every day / once a month / twice a month
He          is               here     / three times a month / on Sundays (= every Sunday)
They       are                        / this morning

                                         Simple Past Tense
I                                     yesterday / last week / last Sunday / three days ago
           was
He                           here     / for three days
They       were                       / this morning in 1999.

                                          Future Tense
     will
I
     may                              tomorrow / today / next week / next Sunday / for three
He               be          here
     must                             days / soon / later / in five minutes.
They
     can

                                      Present Perfect Tense
I                                     since yesterday / until now / up to now / for three days /
     have
They      been               here     so far
He   has                              / in the last (past) few days / all day / lately

                                       Past Perfect Tense
I
He   had been                here     for two days before Ani came (verb II) (yesterday).
They


                                        Simple Present Tense
                   is        a lot of development
   There                                            in our country now.
                  are        a lot of advances

                                         Simple Past Tense
                 was         a lot of development
   There                                            in our country last year.
                 were        a lot of advances

                                          Future Tense
         will
         may                 a lot of development                    in a few years to come
   There                be                          in our country
         must                a lot of advances
         can

                              Present Perfect Tense
         has been a lot of development
   There                                   in our country in the last few years.
         have been a lot of advances
                               Past Perfect Tense
                   a lot of development                   before the Repelita
    There had been                         in our country
                   a lot of advances                      started (verb II).




   Sentence Ask Yes / No
1. A:‘Were you in the head office (place description) yesterday?’
   B: ‘Yes, I was / No, I wasn’t (was not)’.

2. A: ‘Was (Is) Jono absent (adjective) from work last Monday?’
   B: ‘No, he wasn’t / Yes, he was’.

3. A: ‘Will you (Are you going) be back (adjective) (back) again soon?’
   B: ‘No, I won’t (will not) / Yes, I will’.

4. A: ‘Have you (Do you have) been here (place description) since yesterday
      / since the seminar began (verb II)?’
   B: ‘Yes, I have / No, I haven’t (have not)’
5. A: ‘Has he been here (place description) since yesterday / since the seminar began
      (verb II)?’
   B: ‘Yes, he has / No, he hasn’t (has not)’
6. A: ‘Have you been a computer programmer (noun) for a long time?’
   B: ‘Yes, I have / No I haven’t’
7. A: ‘Had he been a manager for a long time before he retired (verb II)’
   B: ‘Yes, he had / No he hadn’t (had not)’

   Sentences with words Asked Questions

1. A: ‘Where were you yesterday?’
   B: ‘I wasn’t there yesterday, but I was in the branch office’.

2. A: ‘Why was he absent from work last Monday?’
   B: ‘He was absent from work last Monday, because he was ill (adjective). Now he is in
   hospital’.

3. A: ‘When will you be back again?’
   B: ‘I’II (I will) be back again soon / in ten minutes’.

4. A: ‘How long have you been here?’
   B: ‘I have been here for two days’.

5. A: ‘How long have you been a computer programmer?’
   B: ‘I have been a computer programmer for about half a year (a half year)’.

6. A: ‘How long has he been a computer programmer?’
   B: ‘He has been a computer programmer for about half a year’.

7. A: ‘How long had he been a manager before he retired (verb II)?’
   B: ‘He had been a manager for years before he retired’.




        Use of Work Words Be Fully Also in tenses

Simple Present Tense
For something that is common, for example:
Computers do your tasks very quickly.
In London, some shops open at nine a.m. and close at nine p.m., and
other shops open at the same hour but close at four p.m.
In Birmingham, most employees work for five days a week and they don’t
work on Saturdays and on Sundays
In Indonesia, most work begins at seven a.m. and finishes at four p.m.
What time do shops open in your country and what time does work begin
at your office?

For something that is fixed, for example:

The girl comes from Australia. She lives with a relative of hers (her
relative) at 19 London Streets, London. She studies Information
Technology (IT) at Harvard College. Besides she studies at the College at
the day time, she also works part-time at a hotel in the city at night / in the
night. She is very young, but she doesn’t live on her family.

For the custom of the time now with Adverbials of Frequency:
usually , always , often / frequently , sometimes, seldom / rarely ,hardly ever, never
sample :

We always delete unimportant files.
She cleans the disk drive every day / once a week.

For the time will come with certain verbs: begin / start, leave, arrive,
Example:

His exams begin next month.
The plane leaves at 7:30 a.m.
For writing in a fictional story: a novel and so forth.

Present Continuous Tense
For something that is happening at present or in the time to speak,: example
:
Please turn of the radio. I am trying to concentrate on my work Please
don’t make so much noise. I am studying.

For something that is temporary, for example:

I am staying here until I can find an apartment.

For a change, for example:

The price of a computer is going up.
His English is getting better.

For something that was decided / been planned to be
performed, for example:

This is my schedule for next week:
I am making reports on Monday. (Future Tense)
I am attending the meeting on Tuesday. (Future Tense)

I am making reports. (Future Tense)
(= I am going to make reports)
(= I will be making reports)
(= I intend to make reports)

								
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