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                                               Name:_____________________




                          Driver Education
                    The New Jersey Drivers Manual
Chapter 1- The New Jersey Driver License System

6 Point Verification System
Provides identification:
    1 _____________ document (birth certificate)
    1 secondary document
    ____________________________
    Social Security Number
www.njmvc.gov/6point

Laws Governing Driver Licenses
1. YOU MUST carry ____________________________, a valid
        ___________________________________ or a validated New Jersey
        _________________________
     ________________________________________________
4. Address change- 1 week after moving
5. Name change- within 2 weeks
6. If you move to NJ and have an out-of-state license you must apply for a NJ
        license within 60 days
DRIVING IS A PRIVILEDGE, NOT A RIGHT.

Graduated Drivers License (GDL) Program
GDL- is a multi-stage driver licensing program that _____________ introduces
driving privileges to first-time drivers, extends their ________________driving
time and requires a minimum age of _____ in order to receive an unrestricted,
basic driver license.

GDL restrictions placed upon first-time drivers must be strictly adhered to. Failure
to do so may result in a fine of __________ or a possible suspension of a
motorist’s driving privilege.
                                                          2


3 Choices:
   1. ______________________ Road
   2. The ______________________________ Road
   3. The Adult Road


The Early Bird Road
STEP 1- Get a _____________________________ Permit (16)
  •
  •
STEP 2- Practice with _____________________ (6 months)
STEP 3- Get a ___________________ License (17)
  •
STEP 4- With a _____________________ License (1 year)
STEP 5- Get Basic Drivers License (18)

Special Learners Permit Restrictions
   NO driving between __________pm- __________am
   NO ______________________
   Supervising driver:
          in ______________seat
          at least ____________
          have _________ years of driving experience
   Passengers:
          ____________________
          plus _________
   SEATBELTS

Provisional Drivers License Restrictions
    NO driving between _________am- __________am
    NO cell phones
    Passengers:
          ________________
          plus ______
    SEATBELTS
                                                                                   3


The Young Adult Road
STEP 1- Get an ______________ Permit (17)
         MVC Knowledge and Vision Test
STEP 2- Practice _________________ Driving (6 months)
STEP 3- Get a _________________ License
         Road Test
STEP 4- Practice _________________ Driving (1 year)
STEP 5- Get the Basic Drivers License (18)

Examination Permit Restrictions
   NO driving between ___________am- ____________am
           *If 21, does not apply
   NO cell phones
   Supervising driver:
         in __________ seat
         at least ______
         have ______ years of driving experience


   Passengers:
       ________________
       plus ______
   SEATBELTS


The Adult Road
STEP 1- Get an ________________ Permit (21)
         MVC Knowledge and Vision Test
STEP 2- Practice _______________ Driving (3 months)
STEP 3- Get a _________________ License
        
STEP 4- Practice __________________ Driving (1 year)
STEP 5- Get the Basic Drivers License

Follow the Rules!
    Failure to follow GDL restrictions:
          may result in a __________________
          or a possible suspension of a motorist’s ______________
            _______________.

   If the student driver commits a traffic offense, responsibility will be with
    ________________________________________________________.
                                                                                   4


Your License
   Basic Divers License- Class ____
   Valid for _____________
   Under 21- _____________, Over 21- _______________
   Getting a drivers license illegally may result in-
           ______________________________
           And/or _______________________________
   Altering a drivers license, or showing an altered driver license, may result
      in-
           Fine of up to ___________________
           ___________________________________
           ___________________________________

Kyleigh’s Law
All ___________________________ drivers under age 21 must display a
________________________________________ on each license plate of any
motor vehicle they operate
           Must have for road test!
                                                                   5


Chapter 2- New Jersey Driver Testing
Requirements for a Basic Drivers License
   ___________________________________
   ____________________ Test
   ____________________ Test
         ________ questions
         Must score at least ______% (40/50)
           * Pass: Results good for _______________
           * Fail: Wait __________ to retake
   Organ Donation Survey

Road Test
Purpose:
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

Test Item                          Page
Driving in reverse                 49
Following other vehicles           85, 86
Nearing corners, intersections     62
Parking (parallel)                 52
Sitting properly                   38
Starting a vehicle                 44, 45
Steering properly                  46, 47
Stopping at signs                  71
Stopping smoothly                  48
Turning                            50, 68, 69
Turning around                     51
Using the horn                     43
Yielding right-of-way              61

Test Vehicle Requirements
  
  
  
   No Obstructions- Examiner to foot/parking brakes*
  
   Accompanied by a Licensed Driver
  

Schedule Your Road Test
   Permit valid for _____________________
   www.njmvc.gov
                                                                 6


 Failed Road Test- __________________________________________
                                                                                7


Chapter 3- Driver Safety and the Rules of the Road

New Jersey’s Seat Belt Law
   All ___________________________ passengers must wear a seatbelt.
   Drivers with _______________________________ and all of their
     passengers must wear seatbelts
   Wearing a seatbelt increases your chance of surviving a crash by
     _________

Seatbelts Help in Many Ways
   Keeps you from _____________________________________________
     in a collision
  
   Keeps you from
     ___________________________________________________________
     ___________________________________________________________

Child Restraint Law
   Children up to _________ or weight of 80lbs must ride in a federally
      approved ___________________________________ of the vehicle.
   Children under age 8 and over 80lbs must be
      ___________________________________________________________
      ___________________________________________________________
   If a passenger in the front seat is over 18 and caught not wearing a seat
      belt, he/she _________________________________________.

Before you Drive
   
   
    Seatbelt!
   
   

Steering Hand Position
    __________________________ Steering
    Use the _____________ to signal when passing or when coming out of a
      blind alley, curve or driveway.
           Should be able to be heard from ________________
                                                                                8


Stopping Distances
Dependent upon:
    Motorist _____________________
   
    Vehicle _______________
   
   
   
    Speed

*The _______________ a vehicle is going, the _________________ it will take
to stop. When a motorist must stop quickly, speed can
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

Following Distances
    To maintain a proper following distance when driving, you should stay at
      least _______________ behind the vehicle in front of you.

Driver Signals
    At least 100 _____________________________
    ________________ the signal after the turn

                      Stop or slowing down:
________________________________________________________________



                  Right turn: _________________________



                Left turn: _____________________________




Driving in Reverse
    In order to steer the car while moving backward, you should
      ___________________________________________________________
      ___________________________________________________________
                                                                           9


    ROAD TEST- back the vehicle about _____________________________,
     slowly and smoothly

    To back your car in a straight line you should turn your
     __________________________ to the right (looking over your right
     shoulder) until you can see clearly through the back window, and
     ____________________________________

Turning
   1. Mirrors- _______________________
   2. Check for ______________________ vehicles
   3. ____________________________________________ at least 100 feet
      before turning*
   4.
   5. Steady speed and follow _________________________________
   6.
   7. Cancel turn after turn is finished
   8.

Parking
Facing Downhill:
    Set ____________________________
    Turn wheels toward ______________
   

Facing Uphill:
   Set _____________________
   Turn wheels ___________ from curb
  

Parallel Parking
    Must be able to parallel park in order to pass Road Test!
    Markers are _________ apart

      1.

      2. Signal for a ______________________________________________
         to alert motorists that the vehicle will back up to the right.


      3. Pull up ___________________________ about two to four feet from
         the vehicle in _____________.
                                                                           10


4. Turn and check to see that the way is clear behind the vehicle before
   backing up.


5. Turn body to look out _____________________. Back up slowly for
   about
   _________________________________________________________
   ______________________.

6. When the front of the vehicle has cleared ________________________
   of the vehicle in front, stop and check the angle.

7. Make sure the right back wheel
   _____________________________________________.

8. Turn the steering wheel all the way _________________ while
   beginning to back up slowly. Make sure the vehicle can clear its
   _____________________________________________.

9. When the vehicle is in line, ___________. Be sure not to hit the vehicle
   in back.

10. Turn the vehicle’s wheels ______________, and drive to the center of
    the parking space. The vehicle’s tires should be no more than
    _____________________________________________________.
                                                                           11


                  Chapter 4- Safe Driving Rules and Regulations

Speed Control
   A good rule is to keep up
     __________________________________________________________
   Double fines for exceeding the ________ limit by 10 mph or more.
         ___________________ also apply to most other moving violations
            committed in a 65 mph zone.
   Never drive faster than ____________, _________, or other conditions
     safely allow, regardless of the posted speed limit.


Driving on a Curve
    When driving around a curve, your vehicle will tend to
      __________________________________________


NJ Speed Limits




      25 mph -
   •   35 mph –
   •   50 mph –
   •   55 mph – Certain state and interstate highways, as posted
   •   65 mph –

Passing
   Both center lines are broken:

    One center line is broken:

    Both center lines are solid:
                                                                     12




Note: All passing must be completed before
______________________________________________________________.


Passing on the Right
   You may pass on the right on a two-lane roadway when
      ___________________________________________________________
      ___________________________________________________________

Do NOT Pass:
   __________, __________, or at any time you cannot see far enough
     ahead
  
  
  
   When a sign prohibits passing or center lines restrict passing
   When behind a vehicle that has stopped to ________________________

Yielding the Right of Way
    Car on the _____________
    Emergency vehicles
   
   
    _______________ ($100 fine)
    Motorized or mobility-assistance devices
    Other vehicles that are already in the i__________________
                                                               13


Intersections
Controlled-
________________________________________________________________




Uncontrolled-
________________________________________________________________




Blind-
________________________________________________________________
                                                                            14


Entering Highways, Parkways, and Turnpikes




   Obey _____________________________ (if any) at the entrance ramp.
   Speed up to the flow of traffic when leaving the _____________________
    lane.
  
   _______________ to traffic and enter the right-hand lane when safe.


Leaving highways, Parkways and Turnpikes




  
   Obey the posted advisory speed limit
   When the exit is located on the left of a roadway,
    ___________________________________________________________
   If you miss an exit, ______________________________
   Never __________________ on an exit ramp or deceleration lane.

Disabled Vehicles
When seeing a disabled vehicle ahead:
   
    Increase the __________________ disabled vehicle
   
    Be alert for ___________________, tow trucks and/or police vehicles.

If a motorist’s vehicle becomes disabled:
    
     Turn on ____________________________.
     _________________________ to signal for assistance.
    
                                                                                  15


   
    Not get into a stranger’s vehicle.

Turning Regulations
    Unless a No Turn on Red sign is posted, New Jersey law authorizes a right
      turn on a red light
      ___________________________________________________________
      ___________________________________________________________




Left Turns




    Turn into the lane nearest the center line of the right side of the other road
     (passing lane). When traffic permits, the motorist should move to the right,
     out of the passing lane.


Stopping Regulations
    Most accidents at traffic signals happen
      ______________________________after the light has changed.
    ______________________________ show motorists where to stop at stop
      signs or traffic signals.
    Railroads:
                                                                                   16


    School Buses:




    If a school bus has stopped directly in front of a school to pick up or let off
     children, a motorist may pass from either direction at a speed of no more
     than ________________.



Emergency Vehicles
   Must yield for ______________________________________________
       
        Allow ___________ behind vehicles
        Do NOT park
          ______________________________________________________

    "Move Over Law”- When approaching a stationary emergency vehicle,
     tow truck, highway maintenance or other emergency service vehicle that is
     displaying a flashing, blinking or alternating red, blue, amber or yellow light
     or, any configuration of lights containing one of these colors, must change
     lanes, safety and traffic conditions permitting, into a lane not adjacent to
     the authorized vehicle. If a lane change is impossible, prohibited by law or
     unsafe, the motorist must reduce the speed of his/her vehicle to a
     reasonable and proper speed that is lower than the posted speed limit and
     be prepared to stop, if necessary. Violators- fine of $100-$500.


Headlights
   Between _____________ after sunset and _____________ before
      sunrise.
   Visibility is ___________ or less, when using windshield wipers (during
      rain, snow and ice) or when encountering fog, mist, smoke or other factors
      that reduce visibility.
   Bright beam-open-country driving when
      _________________________________. The bright beam helps a
      motorist see farther ahead and peripherally or at a wider angle.
   Dim beams- _________________________________________________.
      Dim beams are focused down on the road. Dim beams are used when
      traveling behind other vehicles or when another vehicle is approaching.
                                                                   17


Parking
Do NOT Park:
    More than ___________ from the curb
   
   
    Within ______ of a stop sign
    Within 20 ft of the driveway entrance to __________________
   

Cell Phones
   Fine- _________________
                                                                        18


Chapter 5- Defensive Driving

Standard Collision Prevention Formula:
    Be _________
    Be ________________
    Act in Time
Aggressive Driving/Road Rage: ______________________________________


Distractions




Tired Driver/Highway Hypnosis
    A tired driver is a ______________ driver
           Can be as dangerous as a drunk driver
           Maggie’s Law-
             ______________________________________________________
             ______________________________________________________
           Reckless driving under ______________________________
           “Highway Hypnosis”
    Solution: ____________________________________


Communicating and Driving
   The best way to “talk” to other drivers is to
    _________________________________________________________
   Stay in the lane that shows where he/she ________________________
  
   At night, headlights from low to high and back to low
                                                                                  19


Keeping a Safe Distance
   “Space Cushion”-
     ___________________________________________________________
     ___________________________________________________________

   Tailgating-
    ___________________________________________________________




   One Car Length- keep _____ car length back for each ________ of speed

   To maintain a proper distance when driving, you should stay
    ___________________________________________________________
    *Three-second rule


Three-Seconds-Plus Rule
   1. Choose some _________________ ahead of the vehicle in front (sign or a
      tree).

  2. As the vehicle in front passes the object, begin counting seconds (one
     thousand-one, one-thousand-two, one-thousand-three).

  3. If it takes at least three seconds before the vehicle passes the object, a
     motorist should have enough distance for a sudden stop.

  4. Stopping Distance = __________________+ __________________ +
     _______________________.

  5. Keeping a foot near ________________

  6. Time and distance relationships are designed for
     __________________________________

*Heavier vehicles may _________________________
*___________________________________________
                                                                              20




Following Distances
Minimum Safe Following Distance (in car lengths)

Road            20 MPH           30 MPH            40 MPH            50 MPH
Condition
Ideal           2 car lengths    3                 4                 5
Wet             4 car lengths    6                 8                 10
Pavement
Gravel          4 car lengths    6                 8                 10
Packed Snow     6 car lengths    9                 12
Ice             12 car lengths   18


Passed By Another Vehicle
   If a vehicle is passing you, you should
     ___________________________________________________________
   Return to ____________________ after the passing vehicle is well ahead


Road Conditions
   Wet Roads- most slippery during the _____________________________

    Hydroplaning- _______________________________________________
        Chances _______________ as speed increases
        To Avoid:
             ○ Do NOT drive on ______________________

*Slow down during heavy rain, standing water, or slush is present.
                                                                            21




Driving Situations
Snow
    Motorists may use studded snow tires between November 15 and April1.

Night Driving-
    When driving at night, be sure that you
      ______________________________________________________

Construction Zones

City Driving-
    Drive more ________________
   
    Motorists should look at least _________________ ahead


Reacting to Driving Problems
   If your car breaks down on any road, the first thing you should do is
      _______________________________________.

    After driving through a deep puddle you should
     ___________________________________________________________

    Skids:
        •
        • Turn in the direction the ___________________________________

    Emergency Stops:
       •
       •
       • Flare (300ft)
       •
                                                                                22


    Running off the Pavement:
       • Slow down and _________________________________
       •

Vehicle Failure
   Brake Failure:
         
          Hazards
         

    Tire Blowout:
         ______________ gradually
         Holding wheel _________________
         Pull to ________________________

    Windshield Wiper Failure
        Roll down _______________ window
        Slow down
       

Collisions
   If a motorist sees that his/her vehicle may hit something, one of three
       things can be done: ________________________________________

    If a collision is impossible to avoid, you can lessen the impact by:
         

What to do in Case of a Collision
  
  
   Assume the worst and ____________ (notify the police; call an
      ambulance).
  
   Ask for assistance from passing motorists, bikers or joggers, if needed.
   Depending on the location of the accident – local road, highway or in a
      busy city intersection–warn oncoming traffic.

Reporting Accidents
New Jersey law requires motorists to notify the police of accidents where there is
injury, death, or vehicle or property damage. If someone has been killed, do not
move the body or permit anyone to move the body until the police or ambulance
arrives.
                                                                                  23


Chapter 6- Drinking, Drugs, and Health


Alcohol
After 2-4 drinks, alcohol begins to impair your:
   
   
   
    The only thing that can make a person sober is __________!!

Blood Alcohol Content (BAC)
BAC is determined by 4 factors:
   
   
    How quickly drinks were _________________
    Food eaten




DUI/DWI
   Legal limit for 21 and older: BAC of ________
   Under 21: BAC of ______________________


If you drive a vehicle with as little as 0.01% BAC, you are subject to a penalty of:
            ______________ driver license suspension
            ______________ community service
            Participation in an intoxicated driver resource center or other alcohol
              education highway safety program
                                                                               24


                           Blood Alcohol Content
                 BAC of .05 = risk for collision _______________
                     BAC of 1.0 = ____________ as great
                     BAC of .15 = ____________ as great


    Driving while under the influence
     ___________________________________________________________
     ___________________________________________________________

    The first signs of alcohol impairment are usually:
       
        Increased ___________________
        Lessened ___________________


Under state law, refusal to ____________________ is equal is driving with a
BAC of .08 percent for a first offense.
Penalty:
   Loss of driving privileges for ________________________________
   MVC insurance surcharge of ________________________________


Drugs and Driving
    Drugs that may affect basic driving skills are:
        
        
        


After alcohol, ___________________ is the drug most often found with drivers
involved in collisions.
Affects of Marijuana:
    Loss of ____________ ability
   
   
   
                                                                               25


Chapter 7- Driver Privileges and Penalties

The Driving Privilege
   __________________________, not a right!
   Habitual offender:
     ___________________________________________________________
     ___________________________________________________________


Reasons for Loss of Driving Privileges
   Failure to _________________ or to pay fines
   Failure to _______________________________________
  
   Failure to provide _________________________________
   Physical or mental disqualification
  
   Traffic law __________________
  
   Failure to respond to an MVC notice


Driving Under the Influence (DUI) Penalties
Mandatory Penalties:
      First offense/BAC .08% or more but less than .10:

    Three-month suspension of driving privilege
    $250 to $400 fine
    12- to 48-hour participation in an
     _____________________________________________________
    $230 per day IDRC fee
    Up to 30 days imprisonment
    $100 Drunk Driving Enforcement Fund fee
    $100 Alcohol Education, Rehabilitation and Enforcement Fund (AERF) fee
    $1,000 annual surcharge for three years
    $75 Safe Neighborhood Services Fund fee
    Possible interlock device requirement for six months to one year

Driving while a license and/or registration is suspended…
and having a collision that causes injury to another person will result in a
____________, continued ______________________ and the potential for a
minimum ______________________________________ sentence.
                                                                                   26


Point System
    Points added to the record
      ___________________________________________________________
      ___________________________________________________________

    The more serious the violation, the more __________ the motorist is given.

    Up to ____ points will be subtracted from your driving record if you have
     ___________________________________________________________
     ___________________________________________________________

Driver Programs
Driver Improvement Program
    Motorists who accumulate between ____ and ____ points in a
      ____________ period will receive a Notice of Scheduled Suspension by
      mail from the MVC.
    When your license is returned to you after suspension for points (or after
      completing a DMV Driver Improvement Program), you will be on probation
      for ________________.

Defensive Driver Courses
   Remove ________
   __________________________________

Probationary Driver Program
    A motorist begins a two-year probationary driver period after receiving a
     special learner or examination permit.
    During this probationary period, a motorist convicted of
     ___________________ moving violations totaling _________________
     must enroll in the Probationary Driver School Program, which is
     administered by the MVC. Cost $____________

Mature Driver Program
   A mature driver should constantly re-evaluate his/her driving skills. Driver
     improvement courses are available to mature drivers at various driving
     schools or through specific organizations.

Work Licenses
   NJ does not allow __________________________________________
   If a motorist loses his/her license, driving is not permitted for any reason
     until
     ___________________________________________________________
     ___________________________________________________________
                                                                               27


Chapter 8- Sharing the Road with Others


Trucks, Tractor Trailers, and Buses
    The no-zone Principle: ________________________________________
    In adverse weather conditions, a truck takes _________________ to stop.
    This can be as much as _____%

Motorcycles and Mopeds
   Motorcycles- ________________________________________________

    Mopeds- may not exceed ____________, drive on the right side of the
     road with the flow of traffic


Chapter 9- Vehicles Information
Chapter 10- Essential Driver Information

Lost or Stolen Driver License
    A lost or stolen driver license should be reported to the police.
    The applicant must appear in person at any agency to obtain a duplicate
      and the applicant must show 6 Points of ID Verification.

Insurance
    Every vehicle registered in NJ must have __________________________

Organ Donation
   Uniform Anatomical Gift Act-
     ___________________________________________________________
                                                                              28


Driver Safety
Traffic Signs, Signals, and Road Markings
During heavy traffic or in an emergency, a _________________ may direct traffic
           A police officer can _______________________________________
           Law enforcement orders/directions _________________ be obeyed

    Example:
     ___________________________________________________________
     ___________________________________________________________


Traffic Signals
    When traffic signals are hung horizontally, red is always on the ________


Right on Red
    If not prohibited by a “no turn on red” sign, NJ law permits you to turn on
      red after
      ___________________________________________________________
      ___________________________________________________________.


Flashing Lights
    Flashing Yellow- __________________ and ______________ with care.
    Flashing Red- ______________________________________________


Traffic Signs
Signs are divided into 3 basic categories:
   1. Warning:

   2. Guidance:

   3. Regulatory:
                                                                    29


Warning Signs
   ____________and ___________-shaped with a _________ symbol or
     word message




  Example: Roadwork Signs
   Diamond shaped sign
                                                                         30


Guidance Signs
   _____________________________________________________




Regulatory Signs
   Generally ___________________, with longer vertical dimension, and
     have ____________ wording and borders on a _________ background
                                                                           31


Examples:
   Yield sign- _______________________________




   School Area- _______________________________




Road Markings
Road Markings have ___________________________ as signs or traffic signals

   Yellow center lines:

   White lines:
       separate traffic going the _____________ when there is more than
          one lane
       show __________ of roads

   Dashed lines: passing is ____________ when safe

   Solid line: ______________________

Crossing center lines on a two-way roadway for passing is legal when?
    ___________________________________________________________
      __________________________________________________________

				
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