5 discoveries that turned the story Of course, archeology is not as exciting as it may seem to fans of epic Indiana Jones. Still, from time to time, and then there are amazing and even shocking discovery that could turn conventional ideas about history. 1. Cocaine in Egyptian mummies When Columbus discovered the New companions land that was not India, I found not only dying of smallpox sufferers. They opened a whole world of previously unseen animal and plant species that are found only in America. It was only after the event, it was thought, until recently, Europeans became acquainted with the leaves of the coca bush and all its consequences. But now it turns out, the story is not all come together to make ends meet. If Columbus was the first European to set foot on American soil, how to explain the traces of cocaine found on the bodies of Egyptian mummies? In 1992, German scientists have been researching one of the mummies, and to his surprise found traces of cannabis, tobacco and cocaine in hair, skin, and bones. Suppose cannabis could bring back from Asia, it's not that unbelievable. Pharaohs lot could afford. But tobacco and cocaine could be born only from the New World! At this point in building a common historical science cracked and staggered. Prior to mummification, it turns out, the Pharaohs with her family already being dabbled in cocaine. It is the same as in the blood of any of our celebrities suddenly found drugs, which grows only on Venus. How could this happen? Here everyone has their own theory. Someone suffers for archaeologists who in celebration of the valuable findings could have a party and tried to connect to the mummies of the fun. Or do mummies were false, or one of the archaeologists overzealous in their love of mummies and mummification.German scientists have made what in their place would anyone who cares about its reputation - they had another independent examination. And again found drugs. And then they announced-universal drug testing of all available mummies. A third of them was positive for nicotine. Not only that. In the guts of Ramses II were found pieces of tobacco leaves. And not only the leaves - tobacco beetle found dead last refuge in the womb of the great king. Got any ideas? 2. The Hebrew inscription on a stone in New Mexico The 90-ton stone found in America, far from Albuquerque (New Mexico) in 1933. It turned out to be inscribed with the Ten Commandments in Hebrew. Experts from around the world could not grasp how this could be.To assume that in ancient America found an expert Hebrew - to say the least, unlikely. In addition, some letters of the inscription taken from the Greek alphabet, that is, one who is scratched, must have known at least two languages (in theory, could go some Samaritan). Bring a lump too, could not - the breed was clearly local. Can sign was later imitation? Any American with a degree in theology could arrange such a hoax. By the way, the guy who found the inscription, later accused of falsifying ancient artifacts (although it has not been found guilty, but still.) The drawing in this situation would be the only reasonable explanation. In general, it's been more than a little odd. And yet, when modern researchers have studied the inscription inside and out, and compared it with other inscriptions found in the same places, they came to the conclusion - it can be anywhere from 500 to 2000 years. It just means that the guy who made the discovery, in the clear. Otherwise nothing so plainly and without clear. 3. Ancient Roman statue in Mexico Anyone with a more than three years of education or Google to hand knows that Rome and Latin America are far away from each other. Even in its heyday, even after the conquest of Africa and the UK, such as Mexico bearish corners were out of sight of the Roman Empire. Western Hemisphere to them as they did not exist. This is why the discovery of the head of the ancient Roman statues made a splash in the world of science. It happened in 1933. One archaeologist excavated ancient graves about 40 miles (about 64 kilometers, approx. Mixednews.ru) of Mexico City, and found among the rubbish, which the ancients placed their dead in the grave, a small figure. It should be noted that the excavation site until that time was covered with two layers of pristine concrete floor and, from 1500 to the one that did not touch the ground. So that the option of jokers here does not fit. Of course, Columbus had already discovered America. But still, no white man (officially) in Mexico to 1519 is not advertised. And even if the will - which would pull all the way Roman statues? And the fact that the statue of the Roman, there is no doubt - features correspond to artifacts found in Rome, and from the second century. How it got there? The big question. However, some light on this mystery could shed another discovery. In 1982, an underwater archaeologist found on the seabed near the port of Rio de Janeiro Roman vases, which were dated after the third century. During further search revealed two half-rotten ship, is also very similar to the Roman. The Brazilian government has decided to focus the public on these findings, and the whole story was soon safely forgotten. Brazilians do not like, when questioned about the history of their submission. They like to believe that the country discovered by the Portuguese, and not some Romans. There can, of course, to argue that the cooler, but oh well ... 4. Norwegian coins from Maine In 1957, in the U.S. state of Maine, in the largest ancient settlement were excavated. Looking for anything that had to do with life and life of local tribes. Arrowheads, fragments of pottery - stuff like that. And suddenly came across a strange coin. At first thought it was a British penny XII century, and then in '21 coin lay without causing no one special interest. And then by chance came across an expert in numismatics, who recognized in the museum's exhibit Norwegian penny minted by King Olaf, the board of which goes to the short period between 1067 and 1093 years. That is, the coin was minted in the 15 years of rule by Olaf, and just in Norway. A was found in Maine, including the American Indian artifacts. A single Norwegian coin among tens of thousands of items left over from the natives. How could she get there? No answer. 5. Ancient Japanese in New Mexico He lives in New Mexico, a mysterious tribe - Zuni. Like the tribe as a tribe, but that the language they did not look like any one of the local dialects. Above all, he reminds ... Japanese. Well is not that the Japanese one to one, but plenty of matches, to suspect these languages related. The theory of the ancient Japanese contact with the ancient Indians came through studied anthropology student named Nancy Davis. She first noticed the extraordinary resemblance indigenous languages with the Japanese. Moreover, not only sound like individual words, there are similarities in the syntax - in both languages, the verb is at the end, for example. And do not forget that the language of Zuni has almost nothing in common with the other languages of the area. Having made this discovery, Davis continued to dig with renewed energy, and found out that the Zuni, as well as the Japanese, is the third most common blood type, they also often suffer from the same rare disease. Plus echoes the oral traditions of ancient times. Version Davis: Somewhere in the twelfth century Buddhist missionaries made their way to California, and then moved inland, where it settled.