Development of extra large seeded kabuli chickpea by pptfiles

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									Pre-breeding & genetic enhancement
 in breaking yield barriers in bread
wheat, Kabuli chickpea, barley & lentil




ICAR-ICARDA Collaborative Research

   Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur
     Directorate of Wheat Research, Karnal
                        and
              ICARDA , Aleppo, Syria
Breaking yield barriers in Kabuli chickpea & lentil
through pre-breeding & genetic enhancement

              IIPR, Kanpur & ICARDA, Syria

 Exploring the exotic genetic resources of wheat
  and barley for gene discovery/bio-prospecting
  towards pulses improvement, particularly in
  developing varieties in response to climate change

                 DWR, Karnal & ICARDA, Syria
Pre-breeding & genetic enhancement in
    breaking yield barriers in Kabuli
           chickpea & lentil




    Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur
                        and
  ICARDA South Asia & China Program, New Delhi
           Collaborating Institutions
Lead centres:
Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur
ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria

Cooperating centres

Chickpea
•Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
•Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri (Maharashtra)
•NBPGR, New Delhi

Lentil
•Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
•RMVSKVV, Sehore (Madhya Pradesh)
•NBPGR, New Delhi
                         Objectives
•   Identification of appropriate germplasm from ICARDA
    gene bank (landraces & wild species) for resistance to keys
    biotic and abiotic stresses.
•   Synthesis of new gene-pool with higher frequency of useful
    genes from exotic landraces & wild progenitors of Near-
    East origin.

•   Evaluation of new recombinants (pre-breeding lines) at
    farmers’ fields.
•   Identification of high yielding cultivars through multi-
    location testing for various production environments
              Objectives Cont…
Capacity building
• For enhanced utilization of PGR and adoption of
  frontier technologies in crop improvement.
• Empowerment of farmers for participatory
  breeding.
                  Targeted Traits
Kabuli chickpea
Terminal heat & drought tolerance, and resistance to
Ascochyta blight
Lentil
Earliness, tolerance to heat and drought, resistance to
Stemphylium blight, root rots
                   Expected Outputs
• Development of varieties for adaptation to changing
  climate (mitigating soil moisture stress and temperature
  extremities)
• New set of modern cultivars will be available for
  evaluation at farmers’ field/multilocation evaluation for
  their possible release

• Wide range of varieties will be available to farmers

• Appropriate cultivars will be selected by farmers for use in
  various cropping systems. Seeds of these cultivars would
  be multiplied and supplied to farmers
     An example: economic return

Due to high temperature in central India the
estimated loss (>10%) in chickpea production
 (2009-10).

The varieties which are likely to be developed
through this project will help in reducing this
damage. Even 1% saving will value about Rs.
5.00 crores. More than this would be saving in
lentil too.
            Budget: Head-wise tentative breakup estimates
                              (Rs. in Lakhs)
Head of Expenditure           Yr I     Yr II   Yr III   Yr IV   Yr V     Total

Salary of contractual staff   41.98    41.98   41.98    41.98   41.98    209.9


Operational cost (supply of   49.0     50.5    51.3     48.3    46.3     245.4
inputs, labour, including
T.A.etc.)
Non-recurr. Equipments        64.4     -       -        -       -        64.4

HRD                           26.88    17.52   19.68    18.72   12.0     94.80

Steering Committee for      10.8       12.0    6.0      16.8    5.3      50.9
monitoring , management and
evaluation

Total                         193.06   122.0   118.96   125.8   105.58   665.4
     A nine-member steering




                              Steering Committee

Annual evaluation and monitoring of project implementation
Mid-term evaluation and if required modification in programme for
implementation
Recommendation for policy interventions and strategy for
expansion of program

1.        Dy. Director General (Crop Sciences), ICAR Chairman
2.        Joint Secretary (Crops), DAC               Co-Chairman
3.        DDG (Research), ICARDA, Aleppo, Syraia     Member
4.        Director (Crops) DAC                       Member
5.        Director (wheat)/(Pulses),DAC              Member
6.        ADG(OP), ICAR                              Member
7.        Reg. Coordinator, ICARDA, SACRP, New Delhi Member
8.        Director, IIPR, Kanpur                     Member Secretary
Exploring the exotic genetic resources of wheat and
barley for gene discovery/bio-prospecting towards
  pulses improvement, particularly in developing
      varieties in response to climate change



      Directorate of Wheat Research, Karnal
                       and
              ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria
Lead centres:

Directorate of Wheat Research, Karnal
ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria

Cooperating centres:

•GBPUA&T, Pantnagar
•JNKVV, Powerkheda
•NBPGR, New Delhi
•ARS (RAU), Durgapura, Rajasthan
•College of Agriculture, Rewa
•   Use of of appropriate germplasm/genes (primitive
    landraces & wild species) for synthesis of new gene
    pool with higher frequency of useful genes to
    address climatic variations/new diseases and to
    fulfill farmers' demands.

•   Evaluation of new recombinants (pre-breeding
    lines) under targeted agro-ecological conditions,
    and in farmers’ fields.

•   Identification of high yielding, stress tolerant
    genotypes through multilocation/multi-season
    testing for the development of cultivars for
    commercial cultivation.
                 Germplasm Utilization
Exploration of exotic germplasm and landraces of wheat and barley
from West Asia and growing in India for phenotypic characterization in
response to climate change (heat and water-use efficiency)

Genome mapping and synteny of the genes sequenced from wheat and
barley could be assigned to encoding abiotic stress tolerance and can be
utilized for pulses improvement.
New useful genes which have not been exploited in Indian
programs will be available in Indian gene-bank for long-
term use

Stabilizing yield and higher productivity under biotic and
abiotic stress environments (terminal heat and drought
stresses)

Seeds of appropriate cultivars selected by farmers for use
in various cropping systems would be available for
multiplication and distribution
Head                            Yr I      Yr II        Yr III   Yr IV   Yr V    Total
Recurring
(a) Salary of Cont. Res. Staff & skilled workers
Wheat                           20.9      20.9         20.9     20.9    20.9    104.5
Barley                          16.9      16.9         16.9     16.9    16.9    84.5
(b) Operational Cost including T.A.
Wheat                           32.5      31.5     32.5         32.5    32.5    161.5
Barley                          30.7      31.3     31.8         31.4    31.4    156.6
Non-Recurring
Wheat                           55.65     -        -            -       -       55.65
Barley                          66.2      7.3      -            -       -       73.5
Total Wheat                     109.05    52.4     53.4         53.4    53.4    321.65
Total Barley                    113.8     55.5     48.7         48.3    48.3    314.6

Gr. Total                       222.85    107.9    102.1        101.7   101.7   636.25
A nine-member steering




                         Steering Committee

Evaluation and monitoring of project implementation
Mid-term evaluation and if required modification in programme
Recommendation for policy interventions and strategy for expansion
of program

1.        Agriculture Commissioner, DAC                  Chairman
2.        Joint Secretary (Crops), DAC                   Co-Chairman
3.        DDG (Research), ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria          Member
4.        Director (Crops), DAC                          Member
5.        Director (wheat),DAC                           Member
6.        ADG (FFC), ICAR                                Member
7.        Reg. Coordinator, ICARDA, SACRP, New Delhi     Member
8.        Director (Research), RAU, Bikaner, Rajasthan   Member
9.        Project Director, DWR, Karnal                  Member Secretary

								
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