Docstoc

Development and Evolution of a S_T Cluster_ The Daeduk R_D

Document Sample
Development and Evolution of a S_T Cluster_ The Daeduk R_D Powered By Docstoc
					IEPP, ITPP, KCSP of SNU
 Dorjragchaa Shonkhor
Emmanmouil Zografakis
      Baoming Sui
                     Content
1. Clusters
   1.1 Value chain and networking
   1.2 Relationship between technology and SME policies
2. Overview of Daedeok Innopolis
3. Development Process of Daedeok Science Town (DST)
   3.1 General information
   3.2 The developmental trajectory of Daedeok Innopolis
4. Science & technology infrastructure and capacity
5. Uniqueness of Daejeon
   5.1 5th Largest City in Korea
   5.2 National Transportation Hub
   5.3 Center for National Administration and Defense
   5.4 World Class Technology Cluster –DAEDEOK INNOPOLIS
   5.5 Promotion strategy
                      Content
6. Support System of Daedeok Innopolis
   6.1 Industries
   6.2 Academias
   6.3 R&D Institutes
   6.4 Human resources
   6.5 Quality Living Environment
7. Target in Future
8. Conclusion
                      1. Clusters
 Cluster: a group of firms from similar industries, universities,
  research centers that team up and act as one body.
  Creating a cluster enables firms to enjoy economies of scale
  usually only available to bigger competitors.
Total area 70,4 km square

                            R&D Institutes Universities   Companies
                            22                6            898




                                 Bundles of Brilliant Brains in the
                                 Field of Science and
                                 Engineering(6,800 PhD, 7,669
                                 Masters)

                                 The Best Network Environment
                                 with Core Capacity and Brilliant
                                 Brains within 2Km Hemisphere
1.1 Value chain and networking
 The value chain process shows primary and secondary
  chain of value functions.
    The primary value creating activities in the company.
    The secondary value is support primary value
     functions.
 There are various actors in each process of the value chain.
    The related elements are market, government,
   industry, university and society.
 As the actors interact they make some sort of network.
  The network can be open or closed networks as well as
   local or global one. The network can be formed between
  users and producers.
    Value chain process in the innovation system

      Primary
       Value          R&D                           Marketing
     Functions


 R&D ability is the key function and driving force of an
  industry value chain



     Secondary      Human Resources       Venture Capital
       Value
     Functions      Information Supply    Consulting Services
  1.2 Relationship between technology and SME
  policies
 The traditional SME policies are categorized according to
  the functions of marketing, financing, human resources,
  and technology. Whereas traditional SME policies fall on
  one of the theses categories (marked with arrow), SME
  policies rather deal with all the life cycle of SME together
  in the context of an ecosystem.
 The SME policies do not ignore the usefulness of
  traditional SME policies and recognize that life cycle
  specific SME policies are working. However, it is more
  important that more focus needs to be placed on the
  innovation friendly ecosystem of SMEs. This perspective
  emphasizes more of the qualitative characteristics, such as
  networking among the concerned actors. Therefore, SME
  policies should have longer-term time framework and
  system characteristics than traditional SME policies.
             Conceptual framework for SME policies
                Pre Start-up     Start-up     Growth Period Declining Period

Marketing

Finance

Human Resource

Technology


Ecosystem       -   University, industry, research institutes linkage
                -   Creative culture
                -   Mobility of human resource
                -   Opening and globalization of the region
2. Overview of Daedeok Innopolis
 Daedeok Innopolis refers to the remarkable collection of R&D
  centers and venture companies that have congregated in the g
  reen hills of Daedeok Valley, north of the city of Daejeon in th
  e Republic of Korea.

 The Daedeok Innopolis ecosystem consists of 6 overlapping ri
  ngs: universities, research institutes, government and govern
  ment invested institutions, corporate research institutes and
  venture corporations.



                                                                10
3. Development Process of Daedeok
        Science Town (DST)
3.1 General information
• A master plan for DST in Dec. 1973, Daedeok Industria
  l Base Development Area in 1977
• Relocation of 4 institutes to DST in 1978, West section
  completed in 1985 and the whole area completed in 19
  92 (1,134 acres)
• Daedeok Science Town Act in 1993, Daedeok Science
  Town special Zone Act in 2004 redesigned as Daedeok
  Innopolis
• 18,796 researcher, 83,202 residential population, 977 in
  stitutes including private firms in 2009
    3.2 The developmental trajectory of Daedeok
    Innopolis
     1973~77                1978~92               1993~2004            2005~Present
     Technology Transfer,   Technology-oriented   Establishment of a   Market-oriented
     Utilization of         policy:               private sector-led   R&D and R&BD,
     Advance
     technology,            Revitalization of     R&D system           Convergence of
     State-led R&D          state-led R&D                              technology
                            projects                                   and management

        1973                     1978                   1993                2005
Construction of Infrastructure     Expansion of R&D Capacity      Innovation Creation

                                                  Production
    Construction            Public and
                                                  Town activity          Promotion of
    of                      private
                                                  permitted              active and
    Daedeok                 research center
                                                  within                 enthusiastic
    Research                started to move
                                                  Daedeok                R&D
    Town                    in
                                                  Research
         4. Science & technology
       infrastructure and capacity
• 6 universities (KAIST, etc.), 22 state-sponsored
  institutes, and 410 in-house research centers.
• 0.8% (KRW 3.36 trillion) of the 2007 national
  R&D budget (KRW 31.3 trillion) invested in
  Daedeok Innopolis.
• 40.7% (78,017 cases) of the total number of
  applications for intellectual property
  registration (191,709) from Daedeok Innopolis.
      5. Uniqueness of Daejeon

5.1 5th Largest City in Korea (1.5 million pop.)
• National Transportation Hub
• Center for National Administration and Defense
• Premier Science and Technology Center
        5. Uniqueness of Daejeon
5.2 National Transportation Hub
 Ideally located at the crossroads of major transportation
  arteries
 Connects all major Korean Cities within 2 hours

5.3 Center for National Administration and
Defense
 Daejeon Government Complex
 - Patent Office, Tax Office, Public Procurement Service
 Largest neighboring of the projected Multipurpose
  Administrative City (MAC) (completion in 2012)
 -18 Ministry level government agencies
 Army, Navy, and Air Force Headquarters
        5. Uniqueness of Daejeon
5.4 World Class Technology Cluster –DAEDEOK
  INNOPOLIS
 Objectives: Integration of R&D, Commercialization , and
  production process


5.5 Promotion strategy
 Attracting domestic and foreign advanced companies and
  capitals
 Promote collaborative global joint R&D center
 Promotion of the creation of research companies
 Strengthening Global Cooperation
    6. Support System of Daedeok
              Innopolis
6.1 Industries
 Daedeok Innopolis is home to a cluster of firms that
  represent a cross section of cutting edge industries, including
  information technology, biotechnology and nanotechnology.
 The business support center offers all investors support for
  marketing and public relations as well as financial incentives
  and an ombudsman to service for trouble shooting issues.
  A total of 898 high-tech companies are currently on site.




                                                              17
    6. Support System of Daedeok
              Innopolis
6.2 Academias
 Daedeok Innopolis has six resident universities, including
 KAIST. With thousands of experienced researchers and
 up-and-coming professionals.




                                                          18
    6. Support System of Daedeok
              Innopolis
6.3 R&D Institutes
 Daedeok Innopolis is committed to top-tier research and
  houses 25 government research institutes, 7 government
  invested institutes and 410 private R&D labs.
 Daedeok Innopolis is the center of Korea´s information
  technology,      biotechnology,      nanotechnology,    space
  technology and robotics technology sectors.
 Clustering renowned public and private R&D research
  Institutes not only enhances knowledge exchange but fosters
  cooperation and the results of innovation research.
 These institutes provide a strong foundation for technology
  commercialization and lay the groundwork for world-class
  technology development.


                                                             19
   6. Support System of Daedeok
             Innopolis
6.4 Human resources




                                  20
  6. Support System of Daedeok
            Innopolis
6.5 Quality Living Environment
   - Awarded 3 times as the Most Livable City in Korea
   recently in 2002
7. Target in Future




                      22
                    8.Conclusion

 For developing countries, it is good to benchmark Daeduk
  case to set up their own S&T clusters.
 In developing countries, it is good to set up government-
  oriented S&T clusters at first.
 There are several important factors for setting up S&T
  clusters.
  -location & proximity
  -actors (universities, research institutes, companies)
  -diversity
  -institutions (legislations, management, government system)

                                                             23

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:8
posted:1/11/2013
language:English
pages:24