Oral Health and Pregnancy
There are a set of oral care guidelines specifically for pregnant women to assist them in
maintaining healthy teeth and gums during their pregnancy and into the early stages of
motherhood. Oral health care is important during pregnancy because mothers with gum disease
have a higher instance of preterm birth.
This is a potentially serious pregnancy complication that may cause some concerns for their
infant, typically due to a low birth weight. Pregnancy gingivitis is a common form of gum
disease known to develop in almost half of all pregnant women.
Symptoms of Bad Oral Health
Some studies show that this is a result of the change in hormones. When kept at-bay, pregnancy
gingivitis generally ends shortly after the birth of the child, although it should be monitored by a
dentist periodically during pregnancy in order to prevent this form of gingivitis from progressing
into more serious periodontitis.
Periodontitis is an advanced and irreversible form of gum disease that has been linked with
preterm birth. Pregnant mothers with periodontal disease are seven times more likely to go into
Symptoms of pregnancy gingivitis are usually bleeding, swollen, red, and tender gums. Good
oral care during pregnancy could also be important to your fetus.
Care for Your Teeth
Some researchers have suggested that the serious stage of gum disease, periodontitis, could cause
premature birth and low birth weight. In order to maintain the wellness of your mouth, you
should visit your dentist for regular check-ups and cleanings.
This is the best way to make sure that you are maintaining good oral hygiene. Brush your teeth
properly at least twice a day to remove plaque.
Floss your teeth daily, as this will remove food debris
from in between the teeth that a toothbrush cannot reach.
Use an antimicrobial mouth rinse to help prevent
Brush or scrape your tongue daily to help remove bacteria
and eat nutritious meals and healthy snacks. Counseling
and early intervention by healthcare providers such as
physicians, nurses, and dentists help provide expectant
mothers with the tools and resources necessary to understand the importance of oral health care
Removing the bacterial plaque, which researchers have connected to preterm birth and low birth-
weight babies, is essential. Using the correct brushing and flossing methods greatly increase the
amount of plaque that is removed from the teeth and gums.
The American Dental Association recommends the use of toothpaste with fluoride by persons
over the age of six. Oral health guidelines have advised the continued use of fluoridated
toothpaste during pregnancy.
They also recommend that you use an over-the-counter, alcohol-free fluoride rinse to help reduce
the amount of plaque in the mouth. Expectant mothers should be educated about proper diet and
nutrition during pregnancy so that they can limit unnecessary sugar intake and in turn, prevent
Your eating habits greatly affect the condition of your mouth and the wellness of the baby and
yourself. Make sure that you know what foods are good for you and baby, and which foods to
Expectant mothers are encouraged to have existing tooth decay treated during their pregnancy,
which experts believe is a completely safe practice during pregnancy. Restoring decayed teeth
will help achieve oral health by removing the bacteria associated with tooth decay.
Expectant mothers are discouraged from sharing food and utensils in order to prevent the
transmission of the bacteria known to cause tooth decay. They are also encouraged to chew
xylitol gum, as research suggests that chewing this type of gum may decrease the rate of tooth
decay in children.
If you are pregnant or are considering pregnancy, discuss any concerns you may have with your
dentist. Women who are thinking about becoming pregnant may want to consider their oral
wellness before becoming pregnant.
Research suggests that treating existing gum disease in pregnant women does not reduce the
instance of preterm birth. Despite this fact, experts insist that regular oral health care should
continue throughout pregnancy.
There are dentists in Cherry Hill, NJ who are trained experts and can help answer your questions.