The Pioneers. 10-20-1891 ; Ellerth 1-24-1893; Lena 8-2-1895; Einar 7-30-1900;
Trailbtazers of Greenbush and Alfred 8-23-1902.
The oldest child, known in later years as Ole, was called K. O.
We have, in part, dedicated this book to "the pioneers who were Aamodt in the early Greenbush Tribunes. K. O. or Ole Aamodt,
brave enough to come first and blaze a trail for the rest of us to born in Norway, never married. K. O. was involved in bringing
follow, leaving a legacy of courage, strength, faith, and values." In wild horses from Montana and North Dakota, training the horses,
this section we tell their stories. and selling to area farmers. In 1920, the Aamodt brothers adver
Who were the pioneers? Every era, every decade has its own pio tised two carloads of North Dakota horses for sale, broke or unbro
neers, trailblazers not only ofthe land, but in progress, technology, ken. They also offered to trade for cattle, sheep, lumber, cordwood,
and lifestyle. However, for this section of the book, the committee or fence posts. Nephew, Ray Johnson, said Ole wasn't afraid of the
arbitrarily defined pioneers as those people who were married or wild horses and could walk up to any of them. The horses seemed
working in the Greenbush area before 1920. Though we respect comfortable with him. K. O. was one of eighteen members who
fully bow our heads to all of the pioneers of the area, due to space organized the Greenbush Cooperative Creamery in April 1905.
constraints this section is reserved for the very early pioneers. This The first Nels was born in Norway, but died at a young age. Annie
effectively covers the area's very early trailblazers, the first twenty was also born in Norway.
five to thirty years of settlement. Annie's first husband was Michel Grumbo (Granbois). Her sec
We have made many attempts to persuade people to submit sto ond husband was Willie Botoshe. They had eight children: Cecelia
ries of the early pioneers in their families, and we thank those who Gustafson, Mary Johnson, Hilda Svegdahl, William, Mae Martell,
responded. The committee has researched and written some addi Caroline, Francis Halvorson, and Norman.
tional pioneer stories, but we are aware that we have not told the The second Nels, who was named so because the first Nels died
tale of every early Greenbush-area pioneer. Some pioneers left no young, married Louise Ludwig and lived in ThiefRiver Falls. Their
family and little else to tell us of their lives; most were struggling children were Iona Mae, Delores, and Kenneth.
for survival and had no time to think of preserving historical ac Thea was born at Northwood, North Dakota. She married Gustav
counts. hope the stories that we have told will convey the cour (Gust) Waage. They farmed in Barnett Township and had four sons,
age, strength, and faith that brought them through the difficulty and Selmer, Otto, Olaf, and Enock, from whom all the Waages have
toil involved in the settling of this area. descended.
May the stories also spark an appreciation of how the pioneers Nothing much is known about Sarah, who died as a young woman.
survived with primitive shelter and heating systems, non-thermal The Tribune, in 1911, reported that she took her younger brother
clothing, and food that came not from the grocery store, but from Alfred to visit the neighbors. She was twenty years old at that time.
the sweat of the field and kitchen. Sarah is reportedly buried in the Hvidso Cemetery, but no marker
May they also inspire you to record the stories of your family. To has been located for her according to her nephew Ray Johnson.
quote Grant Nelson,* "We lose a little of our history every day. *Her death certificate gives her name as Sigrid Sarah Aamodt.
History's gold mines sit in retirement homes and some will carry Ellerth married Katie Hogan. They lived in Michigan and had
their wealth to the grave." Listen to the oldsters. Record what five children, Claudia, Edith, Edward, Johnny and Vivian.
have say. Rescue that wealth of historical memories. Even the Lena married Ernest Johnson of Karlstad. Their children were
little things will become important with time. Floyd, Maynard, Adeline, and Ray.
Submitted by Eunice Korczak. Grant Nelson writes Rural Reflec Einar married Mabel Paulson and lived in Section 24 of Hereim
tions, a column that appears in the Grand Forks Herald's Yester Township. Their two children were Betty Jean and Janice.
years supplement. The quote is from Saturday, January 22, 2005. Alfred married Lena Eeg and lived in Section 26, Hereim Town
ship. Their children were Eugene, Edward, Jovenia, Alton and Carol.
Erick and Johanna Aamodt Alton still farms that land along Highway 32 south of Greenbush.
Submitted by Myrna Sovde. Sources: Obituaries from Roseau
Erick Aamodt, April 11, 1864, to January 25, 1927, was born in County Museum, Leona Emery, Ray Johnson, Pat Hogan, *Roseau
Norway. Johanna Aamodt, maiden name unavailable, was born in County Courthouse.
Tislebakke, Sigdahl, Norway, on October 5, 1858. In 1885 she
married Erick Aamodt. Five years later they came to the United John and Bertha (Skat-Williamson) Aas
States and settled near Northwood, North Dakota. In November of
1902 they homesteaded near Greenbush and farmed in the commu Bertha's parents, Knute and Kari Skal (Skal was the farm name,
nity until their deaths. Both are buried in the Zion Lutheran Cem which was later dropped and Williamson was used) immigrated
etery east ofGreenbush. Mrs. Aamodt's obituary called her a quiet, from Norway in 1890 with six children. Bertha was about eleven
God-fearing woman, interested in the work of the church, who had years old. The baby, Gutrom died on the voyage. The Williamson
endeared herself to her neighbors and acquaintances. Erick and family settled in Waseca County, moved to Stearn County, then
Johanna had ten children: K. O. or Ole 1-30-1885; Nels 9-17-1886; pioneered in Roseau County in 1901 .
Annie 1-11-1888; Nels 1-12-1889; Thea 7-25-1890; Sarah/Sigrid Born in Gjovik, Norway, on May 20, 1880, John was the oldest
son of Haaken and Regine Aas. Having been baptized in Norway,
John was two years old when he came with his mother, Regina
Skorstad and her family to this country. They sailed from Oslo and
16 weeks later arrived in Quebec. From there, they came by train
to Barnesville, Minnesota. The family homesteaded in Tansem
Township, Clay County, near Pelican Rapids . John was confirmed
in the Christian faith in North Emmanuel Church near Pelican Rap
ids. He attended five years ofschool, helped his stepfather, Haaken
Aas, farm, and did light carpentry. Entertainments he enjoyed were
skiing, skating, fishing, muskrat trapping, and violin playing for
After visiting former Pelican Rapids residents in the Haug area in
1901 and again in 1903, when he stayed in Badger to work for the
winter, John came to Greenbush to stay in of 1905.
Bertha was a cook at a hotel where he stayed. John and Bertha
were married in 1908 at her family farm home. John Aas holding great grandchild Anne Hedman.
(photo courtesy ofLois Hedman)
John'was a very
active man in the Preceded in death by Bertha, his wife, (1954) John died in De
r Greenbush area. cember of 1979 at the age of 99 years, 7 months, and 2 days. Offi
He worked in the ciating at his funeral was Pastor Kasperson. Mangeline Forsness
elevator and also was organist. Soloist, Mrs. Art Boese, accompanied herself on the
managed elevators guitar. Pall bearers were : Axel Lieberg, Bob Wollin, Ben
in Middle River Christianson, Arvid Dvergsten, Manvil Dvergsten, and Vernon
and Strathcona. Fugleberg.
For several years, John was a self-educated man who kept himself informed about
he was in the grain current events. He enjoyed the fact that his 99 years allowed him to
buying business in experience incredible changes in every aspect of life. To empha
Climax, Middle size that enjoyment, at his funeral just two days after Christmas,
River, and the final hymn was to the World."
Strathcona. From Submitted by Eunice Korczak. Based on an article by Lois Paulson
1928 to 1954, John Hedman published in Roseau County Heritage and an extensive
worked in a variety obituary published in the Greenbush Tribune.
of positions for the
Village. of A. K. and Amelia Anderson
cording to his I had heard about A. K. Anderson all my life because my mother's
obituary in the parents, Bessie and Charles Keuhn, moved to that farm when A.K.s
Greenbush Tri left. However, I didn't know what the A. K. stood for. When I fi
John Aas and Bertha Williamson marriage picture in bune served as nally asked, for this write-up, it became clear as to why he went by
1908. (photo courtesy ofLois Hedman) the con initials. The A stood for Albert, and Albert O. Anderson lived only
stable for many years and was truly a peace officer." As constable, a half mile north. A. K. lived on the SE 1/4 Section 12 in Lind
picking up moon-shiners was one of his most unpleasant tasks, but Township.
one of his toughest jobs was helping an undertaker take care of two A. K . and Amelia Anderson came from Paynesville, Minnesota.
bodies after a fire . One area resident recalls that John Aas was In 1921, his name was at the top of the list petitioning to split Dis
large and impressive, effective in breaking up bar fights, he trict 26, with the north school (Svegdahl) becoming a separate school
seemed a gentle man." district. It became District 33 and was one ofthe later rural schools
John also drove people to the Bratrud Clinic at Warren in his 1909 to continue operation. A. K. was also active with the shipping as
Buick. sociation. Amelia was very active in church and Sunday School
The Aas family were active members of the Bethel Lutheran and directed the Bethlehem girls' choir.
Church, where John was custodian for many years. Though this They had three children: Mildred born in 1910, Ivan born in 1913,
took more of his time than such positions do now, John attended to and Luella who was born in 1922. According to the records, Luella
his job faithfully and was patient with the children. Grandchildren was the only one baptized in Bethlehem. The Andersons were re
especially liked to help him ring the bell because they were allowed membered long after they left the area and returned to Paynesville
to ride on the rope. in 1934 or 35.
On his 95th birthday, people streamed to the celebration at the Edwin and Adelia Anderson were the last to live in the house A.
William Paulson home to express their affection and appreciation K. built. The house was moved to Springsteel near Warroad, Min
for what he had done for the town. nesota. Edsel Anderson, grandson ofAlbert O. owns the land now.
John and Bertha had six children: Clara Paulson, Richard (Hank) Submitted by Myrna Sovde. Sources: school and church records,
Aas, Kenneth Aas, Gilman Aas, Joseph Aas, and Alice Errigo. Carol and Harold Johnson, Palma Stenberg, Edsel Anderson.
Albert Q. and Annie Anderson Henrick Bjorkel in 1933, and had two children, Olafand Jon. Judith,
1907-1994, married Otto Mathiasen in 1953. Orville, 1910-1974,
Annie Bagstad (1877-1969) came to Badger from Adams, Min married Rose Johnson; their children are Allen and Avis. Arnold,
nesota, with her Aunt Johanna. When she was of legal age she 1913-2000, married Pearl Anderson and had two children, Arlyn
homesteaded in Moose Township. During this time she operated a and Paula. Palma, 1915, is the sole survivor in 2004. She married
millinery shop in Badger. Norman Stenberg and their children are Lucille, Sharon, Stuart,
Albert O. Anderson (1876-1967) came from Manvel, North Da Marcia, and Arlene.
kota. When his party came to the Red River (no bridges) they The Andersons farmed small grains, raised Shropshire sheep, grey
weren't too sure they could make it across so they sent an old horse hounds, and purebred hogs . They also raised registered Red Poll
that wouldn't be much of a loss, across the river. The old horse cattle, which they showed at the Roseau County Fair.
crossed the river without mishap. To prepare for crossing, they tied After Albert and
the wagon box down to prevent it from floating off the wheels. Annie's deaths, their
When they came to an old shack at Stephen, they found part of a son Benard took over
sack of wheat in the comer. They cleaned a little of it and cooked the farm. Benard later
mush. sold the farm to his
Annie and Albert were married July 7, 1901. A year later they nephew, Edsel Ander
moved to the homestead in the NW 1/4 Section 7 Township. son, so the farm is eli
In April, their first child, Edwin was born in Badger. At some point gible to be a Century
Annie's parents moved north of Badger. Two of Albert's brothers, Farm. In 1982, Edsel
Andrew and Iver, homesteaded in the same section as Albert did, and his wife, Donna, re
while a third brother. Martin, later lived on the next section. modeled the stately two
story house into one
story and added on.
They continue to live
Back: Arnold, Palma, Judith, Orville, Alice, there at the present
Benard, and Edwin. Front: Albert and Annie time.
Anderson. (photo courtesy ofNoreen Lorenson)
Submitted by Myrna Sovde. Sources: Edsel Anderson, Palma
Stenberg, Greenbush Tribune.
Andrew Q. and Thone Anderson
Andrew O. Anderson was born September 5,1874, in Blooming
Prairie, Minnesota, to Ole Andersson Skjaekkermo and Jorend
(Oleson) Anderson (the name Skjaekkermo was dropped and one
of the s's was deleted from Anderson).
Bernard Anderson plowing with the Rumley. (photo courtesy ofLois Dvergsten) There is a family legend that has been passed down the genera
tions about the time when the Anderson family lived in Blooming
Albert was very active in community affairs in the township and Prairie. When Andrew was an infant, two strangers rode up and
in Greenbush, especially considering he lived eight miles from town asked Jorend if she had anything to eat. Having a large family,
in when travel was so inconvenient. He was a director of the bread making was almost a daily task and Jorend had made bread
Farmers Cooperative Cream that day. She gave the two strangers a loaf of bread and they gave
ery when the new creamery her a quarter. Later more men showed up at the farm, asking if two
was built, was one offifteen in strangers had been seen. It was admitted they had been at the farm.
corporators of the Greenbush The first two strangers were Frank and Jesse James; they were on
Credit Corporation and was a their way after robbing the bank in Northfield, Minnesota.
county commissioner. Later, the family moved from Blooming Prairie to Mekinock,
Annie was active in North Dakota. When Andrew was 12 his father died. His siblings
Bethlehem Ladies Aid and included Iver, Randina, Albert, Ole, John and Martin. Three years
served as an officer. She often after the death ofher husband Ole, Jorend married August Forsman
hosted Ladies Aid meetings of Badger, Minnesota. The family moved to Moose Township after
i especially after their new house the marriage. More children were born to this family: Augustina,
, was built in 1923. then Josephine, followed by Ericka, and a son Karl.
Annie and Albert had seven
Andrew left the family home at the age of 16 to begin life on his
. children: Edwin, 1902-1991,
own. Initially he went back to Mekinock, North Dakota, and worked
, . married Hermanson in
on the farm of Reverend OlafHoukom. He lived with his maternal
1933, and had two children,
uncle, Lewis Olson, and family.
. . Edsel and Ronald. Benard,
Thone (Gjersund) Anderson came to the United States from
Front: AlIce and Benard. Back: Judith .
and Edwin. (photo courtesy of Pearl 1903-1983, never marned. Morgedal, Norway. Thone's parents were Olav and Aslaug
Anderson) Alice, 1905-1976, married Gjersund. Her siblings were Knut, Olav, Jorgen, Anders, Tillie,
Aslaug, and Aste. Thone's mother died during childbirth. At the Thone and Andrew were very active in Bethlehem Lutheran Church,
age of 17, Thone boarded a small ship called, "The Restauration." and their community. The cream checks were a source of income
Because the ship was small, there were only 53 passengers. The for them. It was published in the Greenbush Tribune how much
trip took three anda half months. The trip from Norway to New each farmer would make, and at one point Andrew was able to take
York cost about 54 dollars, and the train trip from New York to home a check for 400 dollars, which was a great deal of money
Minneapolis, where she ended up, cost about 18 dollars. Thone's during that time. Thone assisted in the delivery of many babies in
first stop was at Ellis Island in New York. the area. She was proud to admit, in all of the children she deliv
Immigrants coming into the United States at this time were given ered, she never lost a mother or a child. She lost count of how
literacy and mental tests, which consisted of arithmetic problems many children she helped deliver.
and wooden puzzles. Thone found work in St. Paul, working for a Andrew died in
doctor and his family as a housekeeper. While in the employ of the 1963 and Thone in
doctor, she studied English and it was after this study she decided 1964. They are bur
to "Americanize" her last name to Jorgenson. ied at Bethlehem
In 1897, Thone traveled to Mekinock, North Dakota, with her Lutheran Church
sister Tillie to visit her cousin, Reverend OlafHoukom. While there Cemetery in rural
she met the man who was to eventually become her husband. An Greenbush.
drew was 24 at the time. In the summer of
A year later, in 1898, Andrew decided to return to Roseau County. 2000, a large tree
He hoped to find a homestead that would be closer to his four broth came crashing
ers. He found a plot of land which suited his needs, and had a through the top of
natural-fed beaver pond. Andrew walked the nearly 80 miles from the old house, after
his homestead plot of 160 acres, to Crookston, Minnesota, to file a straight-line wind
his claim. The claim was filed on June 15, 1898. Fifty years to the storm, causing the
day, electricity was brought to the farmstead. house to split in
On June 30, 1901, Andrew and Thone were married at the half. Although it
Bethlehem Norwegian Lutheran Church in Minneapolis, Minne was sad to see the
sota. Soon after the wedding they moved to the farm in rural Green Andrew and Thone Anderson in California in 1963. old house come
bush. Seven days later Andrew's brother, Albert, married Annie (photo courtesy ofRoseau County Museum) down, the general
Bagstad. They lived on the west side of the same farm section. feeling in the family was that the core ofthe family had passed with
The homestead shack Thone and Andrew initially lived in was the death of my dad, Joe D. Anderson, in November of 1999. He
very small and humble. In 1913, the two-room shack was moved was the last survivor of that generation. Our thoughts are that they
to the current location of the farmhouse. A large kitchen, porch, are all in a better home now and do not need this house anymore.
pantry and four upstairs bedrooms were added to the house. The Submitted by Toni M Anderson-Donarski. References: "Here Come
source of heat for this home was the warm kitchen not to the Norwegians "- written by Carol (Hanson) Schwinkendorf, Ro
mention the love that emanated as the family grew. seau Historical Family file archives.
To this family nine children were born. Arthur (1901) married
Julie Loyland; Agnes (1904) married Olaf Hanson; Leonard (1906) Arthur M. Anderson. Sr. and Alma Anderson
died in 1927; Barney (1908) married Mable Myran; Sylvia (1910)
marriedArthur Copeland; Thelma (1912) married Maurice Carrico; Arthur M. Anderson, Sr., was born at Hatton, North Dakota, on
Joseph (1914) married Dorothy Ann Simpson; Hildor (1916) mar November 16,1893, the son of Knute and Bertha Marie (Olson)
ried Margaret Vacura; and Valborg (1919) married Louis Dillon. Anderson. He moved with his family to Dewey Township in 1900.
They moved back to North Dakota in 1904, where Arthur grew to
manhood. He attended school at the University of North Dakota
Building the barn on the Andrew Anderson homestead. On the right are An
drew Anderson and Albert Anderson. (photo courtesy ofLilly Bingaman)
In the years Andrew and Thone lived on the farm, they kept them
selves very busy with raising sheep, milk cows and small grains. Front: Art and Alma Anderson. Children: Audrey, Art Jr., Delford andDelores.
and at Crookston, and started teaching at Juneberry in 1915. His construction, building the Alaska Highway. When Bert returned to
family returned to the farm in Dewey in 1917. He also taught at Greenbush, he lived in town with his father, Knute. Bert had two
Halma, Roosevelt, and Homolka (Grass Lake). Arthur taught school children, Kenneth and Shirley. His marriage ended in separation.
until 1926, when he bought the Ed Watterud farm, married Alma He passed away at the nursing home in Greenbush about 1972.
Pederson, began farming, and raised a family there. Arthur and Submitted by Art Anderson.
Alma had four children: Art (Helen Kirkeide), Audrey (Clifton
Kirkeide), and twins Delores (Glenn Bjerk) and Delford (Arlene Eddie and Pauline Anderson
Arthur was a World War I veteran, serving in France. He helped Eddie Anderson was born March 3, 1891, in Steele County near
organize the Greenbush Co-op Elevator in the late thirties and served El1endale, Minnesota. He grew up on a farm near Ellendale, at
on other community boards. He played a comet in the old Pelan tended school and church there. He played on an organized bal1
Band and in the Greenbush Community Band; Alma played alto team that travelled between nearby towns.
hom in the Greenbush Community Band. Alma was ajanitor at the He married Pauline Hatle on
Greenbush School in her later years. Arthur and Alma were mem June 14, 1913. She was born
bers of the Pauli Lutheran Church. Art Anderson Jr. passed away March 4, 1889, in Freeborn
February 23, 2005. County, Hartland, Minnesota.
Submitted by Art and Helen Anderson. The smal1 towns were ten miles
Bert C. and Minnie (Paulson) Anderson In 1916 they came to the
Greenbush area from southern
Bert C. Anderson, (1888-1964) farmed for most of his life in the Minnesota by train to occupy
SE 1/4 Section 10 of Lind Township. Bert was cal1ed Bert C. to the land and home they had
distinguish him from Bert T. Anderson, a nearby neighbor. Bert purchased one year prior to
married Minnie Paulson, (1894-1947) who died when Carol Lou this, in Section 34 in Hereim
was eleven years old. Bert and Minnie had five children: Florence Township. The house had for
(Vernon Olson), Arlo (Hazel Johnson), Orville (Pearl LaTray), merly been the Dock Post Of
Vernon Ray, and Carol Lou (Robert LaTray). fice. The school which was
A few years after Minnie's death, he married Inga Fox Danielson. located on their land, was
According to a 1912 postcard saved by Inga, Bert had been her known as the Dock School.
special friend before he married Minnie in 1916. They had three daughters:
Bert played in the Greenbush Community Band. Marcella born in 1914, Alice
A few years after Minnie's death, he moved into Greenbush and born in 1918 and Pearl born in
worked as maintenance man at the hospital for many years. It was Eddie and Pauline Anderson 1921. Their daughters com
during this time Bert married Inga and Carol Lou was in high school. (photo courtesy of Alice Miller) pleted eighth grade in the one
They lived in the stone house on the southeast comer of the hospi room school on their property.
tal block. The house, owned by the hospital, was later tom down to The teachers stayed with Eddie and Pauline during the week, and
make room for the addition to the south end of the hospital. walked to school every morning. Marcel1a and Alice both became
Florence and Vernon Olson and family lived on the farm for sev teachers. Alice taught in rural schools before her marriage and in
eral years in the 1950s. Later, Bert sold his farm just north of the later years in Greenbush for a total of 24 years. Marcel1a taught for
Bethlehem Church to Leif and Norma Hagen. a few years before her marriage.
Bert's parents, John and Emma (Benson) Anderson homesteaded The Andersons raised livestock of al1 kinds and did smal1 grain
the NE 1/4 Section 5, Lind Township. Bert had a brother, Elmer, farming. They were proud oftheir Holstein cows that they brought
who was a jeweler in Roseau. Elmer's wife, Olga, was a sister to in a box car from southern Minnesota.
Bert's wife. Bert's sister, Jessie, married Ralph Zrust and had one Eddie was town clerk for many years and also treasurer for Dock
child, Raymond. School.
Minnie was the daughter of Ole K. and Mathilda (Hanson) Travel in the winter created many hardships. No cars were used.
Paulson. She had eleven brothers and sisters including: Herman, The cars were put in the shed on cement blocks. Al1 travel was
Henry, Olga, Victor, Oscar, William, Harry, Mabel, El1erd, Arnold, with horses or by foot. Northern Minnesota blizzards made roads
who was known as Lloyd, and Earl. often impassable.
Submitted by ArtAnderson and Myrna Sovde. Source: LaTray Marcella married Marvin Nelson and moved two miles south.
and Bethlehem Church records. Alice married Ernest Miller and lived four miles east. Pearl mar
ried Arnold Anderson and lived in another house on the home place.
Bert T. Anderson Pearl's son, Arlyn Anderson, has a home on the same property.
Arlyn's son, Tad and family, the fourth and fifth generations live at
Bert T. Anderson was born at Hatton, North Dakota, in 1895 to the school site.
Knute and Bertha Marie Anderson. They moved to Dewey Town In 1982, Pauline and Eddie celebrated sixty-nine years of mar
ship in 1900. Bert farmed most of his life. He had an eighty in riage, a-feat unequalled by few. Pauline died in 1982 and Eddie in
Section 33 of Dewey Township and an eighty across the road in 1988. They are buried in the Bethel Lutheran Cemetery.
Section 4 of Lind Township. Submitted by Alice Miller and added to by Myrna Sovde.
In 1941, Bert went to Alaska with Herb Reese working on road
Edwin and Adelia (Hermanson) Anderson Jacob and Hansine (Olson) Anderson
Please see article under Sather
Edwin, April 13, 1902, to November 27,1991, was the eldest son
ofAnnie and Albert O. Anderson. Albert and his brothers were the Joseph and Luella (Jacobson) Anderson
first settlers in Deer Township around 1898. Adelia Hermanson,
February 20, 1905, to August 26, 1998, was the daughter ofTron Joseph Anderson was born on September 3, 1896, in Steele County
and Theodora Hermanson, who were among.the first settlers near to Ole 1. Anderson born in Wisconsin and Mary Ellingson born in
Pelan in 1895. Adelia's sister, Anna, was the first child baptized Norway. He married Luella Jacobson, also born in Steele County,
into the Bethlehem Congregation. on March 22, 1916. Exactly a year later, the couple settled on a
Before her marriage, Adelia taught in many rural schools in the farm near Greenbush, Minnesota.
area, including but not limited to Pelan, Pauli, and Svegdahl schools. In 1919, Mrs. Anderson died, leaving a two-year-old daughter,
Edwin did farm work in the Manvel and Sharon, North Dakota ar Harriet, and an invalid son, who died later the same year. In the fall
eas, and in Canada, and worked in the sugar beet plants in East of 1919, Joseph's parents came to live with him. According to his
Grand Forks, Minnesota. obituary, Joseph became ill with "acute nephutis" on July 6, 1924,
Edwin and Adelia were married November 6, 1933. After their and spent time at hospitals in Warren, Crookston, and Minneapolis.
marriage they built their farm home on Section 6 Deer Township, a Although he seemed to improve for a time, he died February 18,
mile north ofhis parents, and worked together until retirement. After 1927, in Hereim Township leaving Harriet, now nine years old.
their son Edsel married, Edwin and Adelia moved to the fonner A. Joseph was buried at the Haug Cemetery in Barto Township.
K. Anderson farm, the SW 1/4 Section 12 in Lind Township, a half Submitted by Eunice Korczak with thanks to Lisa Hansonfor birth
mile south of Edwin's parental home. and death research.
Joseph G. and Mamie Anderson
Mamie Anderson didn't have to change her name when she mar
ried Joseph Anderson in 1924 in the Pauli Church. Mamie, the
daughter of Knute and Bertha Marie Anderson, was born at Hatton,
North Dakota in 1900. At six months of age, she came to Dewey
Township to her parents' homestead south of the "Two River." In
1907, her family moved back to North Dakota but returned to the
homestead in 1917. Mamie was schooled in both Minnesota and
North Dakota. Her siblings were: Art, Bert, Edna, Lillian, Myrtle,
Gladys, Roy, Garvin, and Harley.
Joe was born in 1895 at Belgrade, Minnesota, to John and Gunhilde
Anderson. During WWI, Joe served in the army in France and
Germany. His father sold the family farm after Joe got out of the
army in 1919. Joe's brother was farming near Karlstad so Joe bought
a farm there too. Joe's siblings were Selmer, Gust, and Stina.
1917 Confirmation class at Bethlehem Church. Front row: unidentified, Inga The story of how Joe met Mamie is rather cute. When she was
Haagenson (Langaas), Rev. Berge Olson, Edwin Anderson, Arthur Anderson. teaching northeast of Karlstad, he saw her through the window and
Back row: Julia Langaas (Johnson), unidentified, Rueben Bratlie, and Edwin
Rue. The two girls not identified are Signe Knudsen and Opha Jenson. (photo said to himself, "I'm going to have a date with that girl." He got a
courtesy ofNoreen Lorenson) date with her at the basket social. Joe courted her with a team of
beautiful black horses and a buggy, and when road conditions were
Both Edwin and Adelia were active in the Bethlehem Lutheran good, with a Model T.
Church. Edwin often treated the congregation to his musical tal They started farming with 218 acres and a dairy business near
ent. Particularly memorable were his renditions on the saw. It was Karlstad. In 1930, they bought a fann near Greenbush, but soon
just an ordinary carpenter's saw, but Edwin could make it sing. To moved to a 320 acre farm southeast of Greenbush in Section 29,
choose a saw, Edwin would go to the hardware store and pound on where they had a good herd of Holsteins and raised their family.
a saw he was interested in. The cheapest saws usually worked the Joe and Mamie
best for making music. Music was a big part of their family's home had seven children:
life with Edsel and Ronald acquiring Edwin's musical ability. Both Glenee, Kennis
played the violin, piano, and accordion while Ronald also played (Lila Lorenson),
the saw and the tuba. Mayvis (James
. Edsel (June 4, 1935) married Donna Bergeson Faken, a widow, Lerum), Virgil
who brought two children, David and Marilyn (Wolff) to the mar (Bernice Benz),
riage. They had a daughter Lynelle (Strand). Ronald (June 11, Dale (Dorothy
1940) married Nancy and has two children Tania, and Douglas. Seydel, Kay Bra
Submitted by Myrna Sovde. Sources: Donna and Edsel Anderson zier), Adrian (Don
(see Tron and Theodora Hermanson andAlbert 0. andAnna Ander • " . . Pietig) and Cassel.
Joseph and MamIe Anderson famIly; Back: Glenee, ' .
son histories). Virgil, Adrian, Dale, Kennis; Front: Mayvis, Mamie, Mamle taught
Joseph, and Cassel. (photo submitted by Lila Anderson) school off and on
after their marriage. The last years she taught were from 1946-49 Martin and Laura (Langaas) Anderson
when she taught at Island Home School, District 22, north of
Greenbush. At that school, Adrian stayed with her for one year and Martin Anderson was born in Polk County near Fosston, Minne
Cassel the other two years. sota, on April 12, 1885, to Ole and Jorend Anderson. His dad, Ole,
Joe was active in community activities, serving on school boards, was born in Helgadal, Norway, and came to America in 1871 . His
church council, town board, the draft board for ten years, ASCS mother, Jorend, was born in Rock Prairie, Wisconsin. Her parents
county committee, as secretary of the local Farmers Union, and had both immigrated from Norway. Those immigrants who came
Hereim Township assessor for ten years. to homestead here had little money and worked hard to provide for
Submitted by Art Anderson and Myrna Sovde. their families. Martin had ten brothers and sisters, Albert, Andrew,
Iver, Ole, Johnny, Radina, Augustine, Erika, Josephine, and Carl.
Knute and (Bertha) Marie Anderson In 1908, Martin and brother Ole went to Buchanan, Saskatchewan,
Canada, to partake ofthe homesteading opportunities there. Within
Knute Anderson was born in Valdres, Norway, in 1867. At age a year, Ole became ill with TB so the brothers returned to their
17, he came to America to Sauk Center, Minnesota where he mar parents' home in Badger. Ole died one year later, and Martin never
ried Bertha Marie Olson in 1892. They moved to Hatton, North did return to Canada. In 1912, he purchased the farm presently
Dakota. In 1900, Knute took a homestead in Section 34 of Dewey owned by Kenneth Langaas in Lind Township.
Township. After erecting a house and bam, returned to Hatton Laura E. Langaas was born in rural Greenbush on March 26, 1905,
to get his wife and four children. to Ole and Lena (Lauritzen) Langaas who homesteaded in Lind
Knute, assisted Township in 1901. Laura's parents died in 1925, leaving twenty
by his brother-in year old Laura to care for the farm. Laura had three sisters: Eleanor,
law, Mr. Olson, Mary and Julia. Her sisters, Mary and Julia, who were teachers,
hauled the house assisted her with farm work in the summer.
hold goods and ma In 1931, Laura became Martin's
chinery and drove bride at Bethlehem Lutheran
the cattle behind the Church. Martin sold his farm to
wagon. The family John Langaas, Laura's cousin, and
came by buggy they resided on the farm Laura man
with Grandpa &A::!\i~l'JP~~~ aged after the death of her parents.
Olson as driver. After her marriage, Laura continued
When they first to work in the fields shocking grain,
came there were riding the binder, pitching hay, and
only wagon trails doing whatever needed doing.
and cross-cuts from Laura was active in the Ladies Aid
neighbor to neigh at Bethlehem Lutheran Church,
bor. The nearest Laura quilted and Martin made a
railroad was in quilt stretcher. He also made stilts
Stephen. The stage for their two children.
brought mail from In the early years, hunting and
there to the trapping were Martin's main occu
Knute and Bertha engagement 1890. Greenbush area. pations and remained his hobbies
(photo submitted by Helen Anderson) Laura Anderson shocking flax in 'I h' d hi ' h h
They moved back
Li nd .owns h' IPh oto courtesy OJ unt! . IS eat , n wmter e unted
to North Dakota for Lois Dvergsten) on hIS homemade SkIS or by horse
a while but returned to Greenbush in 1917. back. He had many hunting stories
Knute and Marie had ten children: Art (Alma Pederson), Bert to share with his family. He had several greyhound hunting dogs
(Minnie Hagen), Edna (Jens Pederson), Mamie (Joseph G. Ander and often hunted with his brother Albert and nephews Benard and
son), Lillian (Ingvald Hagen), Myrtle (Ole Berntson), Gladys (Gil
bert Bratlie), Roy (Mable Bertilrud), Garvia died at age 17, and
Harley (Thelma Eeg). After their daughter Myrtle died, they raised
her two daughters, Lavonne and June Berntson. Art, Edna, Mamie,
and Gladys all became teachers.
Knute was a farmer all his life, but according to the Tribune of9
14-1923, he was one offifteen incorporators ofthe Greenbush Credit
. Company organized provide loans for farmers .
In 1938, they built a home in Greenbush. Marie died in 1946 and
Knute in 1951. They were members ofthe Pauli Lutheran Church.
See "Honeycomb Bam" in the farming section, and the Edna and
Jens Pederson pioneer history for a more complete story about Knute
Submitted by Arlaine Pederson Duray and Myrna Sovde. Martin Anderson by his homestead shack in Lind Township. Notice the wolf
and weasel pelts. (photo courtesy ofLois Dvergsten)
Arnold. At deer hunting time extra hunters were always joining the Dve and Camjlla <Holm) Anderson
Nothing was wasted. The skins were sold and deer meat was Ove Anderson was born in 1889 and came to America when he
eaten, either canned or made into dried venison. No freezers or was five years old. His father, Jacob Anderson, passed away in
refrigerators until the late 1940s made for a lot of work to process 1900. His mother, Hansine, married Ole Sather in 1902. Being the
meat and ofcourse canning berries and garden vegetables, too. Our oldest of fourteen children, necessity put him to work at an early
pioneers would not believe the luxuries we have today! age. He acquired a threshing machine and during harvest season
But there were happy times too. They hitched up the horses and threshed for area farmers.
sleigh with bells on the harnesses and went visiting to all the nearby
neighbors. There was food for all: homemade bread, sauce from
wild strawberries, raspberries and blueberries, and homemade but
. ter and cheese. Everything was hand labor.
Two children were born to this union: Lois (Arvid) Dvergsten of
Greenbush and Orleen (Dianne) Anderson, who presently live on
the family farm. Martin and Laura had five grandchildren, Marla
Dvergsten Lange, Arlyn Dvergsten, Sharon Dvergsten Emery, Jill
Anderson Wahl, and Mardy Anderson. Nine great-grandchildren:
Matthew and Laura Lange; Jaime, Benji, and Lynsi Emery; Dustin
Wahl; and Tyler, Terhya, and Teahna Anderson.
Martin died in 1958 and Laura in 1996. They are buried in the
Bethlehem Lutheran Cemetery in Lind Township. Ove's threshing crew. (photo courtesy ofJane (Anderson) Lorenson)
Submitted by Lois Anderson Dvergsten and Myrna Sovde. Judith Camilla Holm was born in Skagen Township in 1899. She
and Ove were married on June 18, 1919. They moved into
Nels and Louise Anderson Greenbush, and in 1923, he began work as custodian at the local
high school, where he became well-known to the many who passed
Nels and Louise Anderson met and married in Minneapolis. In through the halls in the 33 1/2 years he worked there. The 1948
1920, they came to Hereim Township to the farm Section 5 SW 1/ 1949 school annual was dedicated to him, and he was awarded an
4 on County Road 4, two miles west of Greenbush. The hard times honorary diploma in 1958. After retirement, he turned to wood
caused them to lose their farm to Rural Credit several times. working, building cabinets and numerous other items for people in
They had children: in 1919 Helen (Ed) Johnson, in 1927 the area. He was a great craftsman and a perfectionist in every
Irene (Frank) Ratkovec, in 1933 Richard, who died from diphtheria thing he built.
in infancy. Camilla was a great
homemaker. She was a
member of the Bethel La
dies Aid and was very ac
tive in serving there. To
gether with Mrs. Gust
Williamson, they led the
L.D.R., Lutheran Daugh
ters Reformation. They
held meetings with the
young girls, teaching them
embroidery. They orga
nized an operetta and pro
ceeds from that and the
Nels P. Anderson family: Nels P., Helen, Louise and Irene Anderson.
(photo by Irene Ratkovec)
embroidered pieces went
to the missions.
Nels was manager of the Farmers' Union Shipping Association. Camilla passed away in
He listed livestock and hired a trucker to haul to St. Paul, Minne 1941 and Ove in 1968.
sota. He remembered one shipper who wasn't paid for his live They were laid to rest at
stock but still had to pay freight. the Bethel Cemetery.
They were members of Bethel Lutheran Church. Nels passed Ove and Camilla (Holm) Anderson (photo cour Ove and Camilla had
from cancer in 1953. Louise liked to garden and was a good tesy ofJane (Anderson) Lorenson) three children: Olafdied at
cook. Her canning and fresh vegetables often froze in a dugout birth; Stella, who was the
cellar. She passed away in 1967. . local telephone operator for several years, passed away in 1958;
They had six grandchildren, Glen Johnson, Donavan Johnson, and Jane, who married Melvin Lorenson, has five children: Merle
Marsha Erickson, Connie Johnson, Ryan Ratkovec, and Dyan (Karen) Lorenson, Marcia (Erich) Sclunidt, Judith (Doug) Bergsnev;
Wojciechowski. Ricky (Vandra) Lorenson, and David (Becky) Lorenson.
Irene and Ryan Ratkovec continue to live on the family building site. Submitted by Jane (Anderson) Lorenson.
Submitted by Irene (Anderson) Ratkovec.
John Axning and Jorgina Rolandson worked on a claim (homestead) where the house burned down. After
proving up on the tree claim he had the right to file on a homestead.
John Axning and his sister, Jorgina Rolandson, came to America That was the law then. A big wind came and blew the roof off the
from Namdahlen, Norway, at a young age without their parents. first house. There were not much nails at that time. Father moved
They were sent with other relatives or foster parents because their the house and bam on the homestead, put the two together and had
parents couldn't afford to care for them in Norway. Many parents horses in one part while (during) that winter 1881 .
couldn 't afford to take care of their children, and in most cases the He got logs for the other bam. Later for the granary. He had
older children were farmed out to more well-to-do families where simple tools and machinery (the reaper). Our mother and father
they had to work very hard just to have food to eat and a place to worked for P. Y. It took two to tie the bundles. After marriage and
sleep. Some children weren 't treated very well either. For John a year later, a baby was born on July 14. Mother took the baby
and Jorgina to be able to come to America when their parents were from shock to shock and followed the reaper. The baby weighed
so poor was extremely rare, and for the children, very fortunate. only three and a half pounds at birth. It is a wonder the crickets
Why was John 's last name Axning, and Jorgina's Rolandson? didn't eat her up.
Perhaps John took the name of the farm he came from, which was (The second page showed sketches of Tillie, Martha, Nora, and
very common. Their parents were Johan and Ingeborg Rolandson. Girty by the cabin, and mother and father (P. Y.) in the wagon.)
John was born in 1870. He The four little girls waving good-bye to Ma and Pa as they went
settled near Viking, Minnesota, to town. They took Albert, the baby along. The hired man was to
before coming to Lind and take care ofus. He came in and the fire was out. He started a good
Dewey Township. Jorgine , fire in the box stove. There was an arch between the kitchen and
born in 1875, lived with foster front room. That is where it caught fire. The hired man came in and
parents near Viking where she took us out. And that is all that was saved, the four kids.
attended school and was con P. R. Johnson's sister came and took us to their place. The path
firmed. going into the timber had melted snow with about a foot of water
John and Jorgine joined the standing. She took Nora and Girty, and waded through the water,
Bethlehem Church in 1904, so took the shawl off.her head and put us on it. Then went back after
they were in the area before that Tillie and Martha.
time. The exact year they ar Mother used to raise her sheep, shear them, spin, wash, and dye
rived wasn't found in this re the wool. Then knit, knit for her family while she was plowing.
search. John owned 240 acres: Mrs. Zeble, the neighbor woman, brought over wool for mother to
- ....... ..... the south half of Section 34 in knit for her while mother is nursing the baby and resting.
(photo courtesy of Shirley Langaas)Dewey and the N 1/2 NW 1/4 Father built right away. There was only shiplap on the outside.
Section 3 in Lind. On a nice March day we moved in. A big snow storm came up. We
In the later years John did exterior and interior painting. He had had a big round heater stove. Father fired it up until it was red hot.
been a farmer until 1937 or 1938 when he, along with and Not much wood was around, and were we cold. The bedding and
her husband, Haaken Haagenson, moved into Greenbush and lived clothing had all burnt (before). The horses and sled were at the old
together in the house now occupied by Ernest and Alice Miller. place a mile away. Father said, 'We will freeze to death if we stay
John was buried in the Bethel Cemetery. here. We will have to make it for the woods to P. R. Johnson.'
Submitted by Shirley Langaas and Myrna Sovde. Sources: Father went first, tramped down the snow, then came after us. Not
Bethlehem records, Greenbush TribuneJamily records. (see Haaken much clothes on.
Haagenson and Henry Langaas histories) Then father moved that old bam from the old place, put a straw
roof on. Albert and Lawrence had matches. And this is what hap
Nora (Johnson) Becker pened. Mother beating the daylights out of one, the other ran for
his life. Then father moved the granary from the old place and put
Nora Johnson was the third child ofP. Y. (Peter) and Mary Johnson, shingles on for a bam.
the first postmaster of Leo, Minnesota, in Barto Township. At age Mr. Daley contested that tree claim across the road as illegal. In
96, Nora told her niece, Leona Johnson Emery, that her secret for a the meantime Mother's parents in Minto, North Dakota, were get
ripe old age and a happy life was "to get married late and don't ting old and willed their farm to P. Y. Johnson (Father). In March
have kids." She married Charles Becker when she was in her 50s. 1892, we moved there to Grandpa's place, four miles west of the
Nora was born in Perham, Minnesota, April 18, 1879. She moved Red River. Wonderful crops, 40 bushels to an acre of wheat. The
with her parents to Barto Township about 1895. When Nora was crop of 1891 was left over winter in stacks and shocks all frozen in
93 years old, she wrote and sketched a story ofher youth and memo ice. There were not (enough) threshing rigs to handle the crop.
ries of her parents early years of homesteading. Her story follows : Father took (harvested) two years crop (the next fall) .
' November 25, 1965, written by Nora Johnson Becker: In 1894 Father got a letter from the land office about the tree
"Father had a yoke of oxen when he first started out. ,He hauled claim that Mr. Daley had contested as illegal, saying that father can
logs. The oxen ran away. He fell down, broke his left between have it back or get another claim. Roseau County opened up home
the elbow and wrist. When he came to, he straightened the break, steads, so that is where we moved.
wrapped it up, put splints around and doctored it himself. There (Nora drew a sketch showing when they came to Pelan.)
was no doctor at the time. Coming down the ridge from Pelan, Albert was driving the cattle
In 1870, P. Y. Johnson filed on a tree claim. In 1875 he proved up most of the way. He was only 14 years old. Mother was in the
on the tree claim. It was wonderful timber. At the same time he covered wagon with her twelve children. Four months later Leo
was born in January. Mother and Father worked here in July and supervisor and was on the school board of District 61. They had
August, built that home, made hay, cut wood, and dug wells for three children: Christine (Norman) Svegdahl, born December 3,
water. Then Leo was born in January, the 13th child. The home 1932; Art (Kathryn Werner), born February 19, 1934; and Harvey
was sixteen miles northeast of here (Pelan). (Lois Kaml), born April 8, 1935.
The stage had five horses. They always had an extra along be Harvey married Lois Olson Kaml on June 15, 1962, and they
hind in case one wears out. It hauled mail and passengers. took over the farm in 1966. They had four children: Leona Ann
The blue sky and God's green earth, wild animals, and rocks. Harrison, born March 23,1963; Kay Lynn Marie, born May 2,1965,
These rocks are the rocks that the ice age brought down from the and died in 1986;Lynette Charlene Gustafson, born March 6, 1969;
north. and Brian Evan Berge, born April 16, 1975.
Brian took over the farm in 1996, so it will qualify as a Centen
nial Farm in 2005.
Submitted by Harvey and Lois Berge.
Harry Berger, the eldest child of John and Emma (Svensrud)
Berger, was born March 28, 1901. He was baptized at the Poplar
P.Y. Johnson homestead at Leo. (by Nora Johnson)
Grove Church, and confirmed into the Bethlehem Lutheran con
Leo was born at this place. Mother and Father passed away at gregation in 1915. Harry lived all his life on his family's home
this place. We all moved there. The back lean was the barn that stead in the SW 1/4 of Section 32 Hereim Township. He attended
winter. The boys grew up and made good nice buildings. We had school at the Gavick School District 60 in Deer Township, although
cattle, horses, and machinery and all went good for parents and their land was not in any school district until 1913.
children. Then mother took sick with dropsy. Two years later Although Harry wished to marry at one time, he remained a bach
passed away on March 12. elor all of his life because his parents disapproved of his choice.
Later Albert got married, then Clementine, then Joe, later Frances, The girl never married either.
then Leo. Leo got the home place. Father and Bertha stayed with
Leo. Two years later, Leo's wife died in 1926. Father passed away.
In 1929 Leo married again. Depression came and he lost the home.
Then Leo went to Juneberry, worked hard and made good. Leo at
the age of55 passed
away, December 4,
1949, left a wife and
five children. Leo
was the first one that
died of P. Y.
Johnson's family of
thirteen children .
Leo was the young
est in the family."
(Nora lived to be The older John and Emma Berger children; Harry, Clifford, Edwin, Gilmer
I06, living the last and Ella. (photo courtesy ofLilly Bingaman)
few years in a nurs
ing home.) Harry was the eldest of seven children. His brothers and sisters
Submitted by Leona were Clifford, Edwin, Gilmer, Ella, Rudy, and Gladys. They lived
Emery. Edited by across the section from their double cousins, the Harold and Sina
Nora Becker's I06th Birthday; Leona Emery, Donald
Rinowski, Nora Becker, Lizzy (Schires) SchaUer, Agnes Myrna Sovde. Johnson family. Harold was a cousin to Emma Berger, and Sina
(Troskey) Paulson. was a sister to John Berger.
In the Bethlehem Church, the unmarried men and women, no
Eivind and Anna matter how old, were considered members of the Luther League.
Harry was an active member throughout his youth until in his early
Eivind E. Berge, born in 1865 in Norway, and Anna (Thompson) forties. He also played a comet in the Greenbush Community Band
Berge, born in 1862, came to the United States in 1899. They bought and in the Pelan Band in the 1930s and 1940s.
squatter's rights in Huss Township around 1901-1909, and acquired Harry, a life-long farmer, farmed with his brother Clifford. Be
homestead patents in 1910. They raised chickens, cows, pigs and sides grain farming, he had a few chickens and milked cows until
horses, and belonged to Farmers Union. he was quite old. After the death of his mother in 1959, he lived
They had five children: Helga Forsness Thompson, born in 1889; alone in the big farm house until the last few years when he lived
Evan, born January 7, 1892- married Emma Holen, born December with Clifford and Effie across the road. Harry died in 1984 and is
I, 1898; Alice Hofdahl, born in 1894; Ingaborg (Oscar) Nesteby, buried in the Bethlehem Cemetery.
born April 25, 1897; and Annie Asplund, born in 1899. Submitted by Myrna Sovde, Goddaughter.
Evan and Emma bought the farm in 1943. He was a township
John and Emma Berger Family John was on the creamery board when the new creamery was
built and was active in the Bethlehem Church, particularly in reli
gious education and was concerned about public education. Emma
served as an officer of the Bethlehem Ladies Aid.
The bam, which was state of the art at that time, included a roll
ing track in the hay mow and a built in ventilation system. John
The Berger family on their homestead. Harry, Edwin, Emma's mother, (Gunhild
Svensrud), Ella, Emma, Clifford, Gilmer and John with stallion. (photo cour
tesy ofLilly Bingaman)
John Berger was born in Norway in 1871 and immigrated to
America as a young man. His birth name was Hanson, but there
were so many Hansons in Minnesota when he arrived, he decided
to change it to Berger which was the name of the farm in Norway. Berger's state of the art barn. (photo courtesy ofMark Stephens)
First he the Rustans at Woodside south of Erskine, Minne
sota. In 1889 he married Miss Omang. She died in childbirth and built this bam with dimension planed fir lumber shipped in by rail
was buried at Woodside. * car from Washington state. Enough lumber was left over when the
John returned to Norway in 1898 and married Emma Svensrud, bam was completed to erect a 12x12 foot wellhouse. The bam was
(born 1875) from Oslo, Norway. He brought his new bride back to also one ofthe first in the area to have gas lights and cupolas on the
McKinley, Minnesota. John worked in lumber camps in eastern roof. The carpenter employed for this task was Hans Bratlie. This
Minnesota and Montana before settling in rural Greenbush. project took an entire season to complete. Everything was hand
They started their homestead in 1900 on the SW 1/4 Section 32 in labor and the carpenter stayed with the family. The bam remains
Hereim Township, "proving up" 160 acres. When completed they today, although the roof was lowered to be used for grain and ma
received their homestead certificate which was a deed signed by chinery storage by Waage Farms, who own the land today.
President Theodore Roosevelt.
John's sister, Sina, married Harold J. Johnson. They lived on the
next section to the west. Their brother, Hilmer, also lived in the
area at different times.
John raised Shorthorn cattle, small grains, and grass seeds as did
many farmers of the day. They built a small two room log house
where most of their seven children were born. Harry 1901-1984;
Clifford 1902-1978; Edwin 1904-1981; Gilmer 1906-1994; Ella
1909-1986; Rudy 1911-2003; and Gladys
John was a
pros pe rou s Tbe Berger bouse built by Hans Bratlie in 1919.
(photo courtesy ofMark and Karen Stephens)
farmer and a
astute busi The farmstead was featured on the front page of the "Minnesota
nessman. In Farmer" magazine in 1940 as one ofthe most improved, up to date,
1918 he built a farms of the day. The house was built in 1919 by the same carpen
large dairy barn ter and the same material as the bam. At 28x28 feet square, it was
with a hip roof one of the largest and most impressive houses of the time. It had a
and hay mow. full basement (cement) that featured a furnace that heated two full
He continued to floors. There was also a sizeable attic for storage with a widow's
increase his peak on top. A large front porch (later enclosed) graced the south
herd of cattle side. Like the bam, the house also had built in gas lights. The
and other live woodwork throughout the home was ofbeautiful native fir and oak.
stock that in The upstairs featured four large bedrooms with built in closets in
cluded . hogs, each room which was unusual for the time.
chickens, and The farm was well known for the pretty lilac and peony bushes
sheep. The that surrounded the house and the water and flower gardens and
Torkelson wedding in December 1942. Back: Clifford and farm acreage in- lily pond that required much attention to maintain their beauty.
Ella Torkelson, Astrid and Gilmer Berger, Front: Myrna dt Weddings were held at the home as well as other social events such
Jobnson and Larry Stepbens. (photo courtesy of Myrna crease 0 over
(Johnson) Sovde) 1100 acres. as ladies aid and sewing circle. Visiting pastors stayed overnight
with the Berger family, as did traveling salesmen on occasion. John originally been homesteaded by her uncle John Byhre in 1904. Here
and Emma were gracious hosts. they maintained their home for 48 years. Gilbert and Hilda had
John Berger died in 1950 and Emma in 1959. They are buried in three children: Clarice Martinson (Rudy) 1923 Thief River Falls,
the Bethlehem Cemetery, the church they joined in 1914. The older Gilman (1925-1981), Selvin Bertilrud (Minda) 1931 Fargo, ND.
children were baptized in Poplar Grove, South Bethania, and West Hilda Bertilrud passed away in October 1969 and Gilbert Bertilrud
Poplar Grove. in June 1970.
Harry and Clifford remained on the farm. Clifford married Effie Some recollections of our parents were the raising of many chick
Peterson from Middle River and adopted Duane and Darlene. They ens; we assume the time was in the 1930s. The picture with Mother
lived across the road from the original homestead. feeding the chickens was how the grain was scattered by hand, out
Edwin married Alvina Torkelson from Erskine. He worked as a ofa pail, onto the ground. We remember the incubators in the house.
buttermaker at Mentor before moving to Washington state where They were heated by kerosene lamps as they had no electricity at
.he worked in a nuclear energy plant. Their children were Betty, the time. They must have fed the chicks "starter", but Mother would
Doug, and Don. hard boil eggs, then mash them with a fork and feed it to the chicks.
Gilmer married Astrid Nelson, a schoolteacher. They lived with They also bought what we called "chicken oatmeal in bags" to feed
his parents for several years before moving to a farm one mile away. the chicks. Dad would exhibit chickens at the Roseau County Fair
They had one son Gilmer "Budd." and won many blue ribbons.
Ella married Clifford Torkelson at the Berger farm in 1943. They We lived in a two room log house, which tragically, on December
lived on a farm near Erskine that is now a part of the Rydell Wild 11, 1931, burned to the ground. It was so cold that morning, but
life Refuge. Their children were Sonja, James and Diane. luck was with us as they had planned to butcher turkeys that day
Rudy was in Europe during WWII. In 1947 he married Erma and a brooder house was already being heated with a wood stove
Hanson ofNewfolden. They had nine children, Steve, Karen, Blaine, for that purpose. That really saved us because we all had a place to
Lenay, Shelly, Kathy, Kim, Shane, and Joni. They moved to Wash stay while the house burnt. Anton Foss (Mother's brother) came
ington state in 1959 when soil bank came in. He worked construc over, riding a horse, as he had seen the smoke. He went home and
tion. got a sleigh and took us over to their place. What a delicious din
Gladys married Richard (Choppy) Stephens at the Berger home ner, his wife Amanda, had cooking. We then stayed at Andrew
in 1937. Their six children are Larry, Brian (Ron), Stuart, Cheri, Andersons for a week. It is amazing we survived living in the two
Mark and Lance. They farmed south of Greenbush until 1959 when brooder houses the rest ofthe winter; but we did. Dad began build
they too moved to Washington. Gladys worked as a cook for the ing the new house on nice days during the winter. When spring
King County School District. came he constructed the foundation and basement. They then moved
)ubrriitted by Stephens and Myrna Sovde. Sources: oral his the new house on the basement-- all by horses.
tory, church records, and *Harold S. Johnson. See also Emma
Gulbrand ("Gilbert") and Hilda (Foss) Bertilrud
Gulbrand (or Gilbert as he was better known in this country) was
born in 1884 in Hedalen, Valdres, Norway. He was the youngest of
ten children and was four years old when the family immigrated to
America in 1888. The Bertilruds first settled in Portland, ND, but
the following year, 1889, they moved to Ross where they home
steaded. his youth, Gilbert worked on farms, both in ND
and Canada, worked in lumber camps and in railroad construction
in Canada and Minnesota.
In 1909, he filed on a home
stead in Canada but moved
back to Roseau County with
Hilda Bertilrud feeding the chickens.
out proving up and instead he (Clarice Martinson and Selvin Bertilrud photo)
filed on a homestead in Sec
tion 18 of Deer Township, There were many blizzards through the years but the notable one
south of Greenbush. In 1920, was March 15, 1941. Clarice was home, from school, for the week
he sold this farm and bought end. Dad was on the township board and he left Saturday after
another in Section 5 close to noon, walking to Syver Haugtvedt with some papers. A terrific
the homestead of his brother blizzard started towards evening and he had not come home. Mother
MikkeJ. In 1922, he was mar and Gilman did the chores that evening and the next morning, and
ried to Hilda Foss. Hilda was we were getting quite anxious. We had no phone at that time. But
born in 1896, the daughter of Sunday afternoon he came walking home. He had stayed at Majer's
Otto and Anne Foss. She was place overnight. Many stories have been written about that storm
one of eleven children. Mr. no warnings and no communication. It covered a large area from
and Mrs. Gilbert Bertilrud Canada to North Dakota and Minnesota. Because the day was so
Gilbert Bertilrud (courtesy olRe/en Kilen) lived on their farm, which had mild, many people were away from home and were caught in it.
Many lives were lost. There had also been a terrific blizzard the
preceeding fall (October, 1940) which we named the Armistice Day
storm. Many lives were also lost in this storm.
Think of the changes and accomplishments that these pioneers
saw in their lifetimes-- living as they did then...to witnessing man
landing on the moon.
Submitted by Clarice Martinson and Selvin .
Mikkel and Anna Bertilrud
Mikkel Bertilrud, better known as M. G. Bertilrud, was born at
Hedalen, Valdres, Norway, to Gulbrand and Kjersti Bertilrud on
April 4, 1878. In 1888, the Bertilrud family came to Portland, North
Dakota, where they stayed for several months with a family before
Mikkel with dug out house. (photo from Helen (Berti/rud) Kilen)
settling in Ross, Minnesota.
During his early youth, Mikkel worked in the lumber camps at Charlie, and a horse named Daisy. Mikkel cleared the land of trees
Sprague, Manitoba, Canada. Walking was his only means of travel and got it ready for cultivation with a one blade plow and oxen. He
until he made enough money to buy himself a bicycle. He also also helped build roads in the area, including the road to Strathcona,
hauled freight to Stephen, Minnesota for fifty cents per hundred with the use of horses and oxen.
pounds. The round trip took almost a week. He also supplemented
his income by fishing on Roseau Lake and then would haul the fish
to Warren, Minnesota to sell.
Mikkel homesteaded in Deer Township in 1898, where he built a
small house and a bam with the help of his father.
One memorable evening after dark, when Mikkel and his dad
were about to retire for the night, there was a loud knock on the
door. When Mikkel opened the door, there stood an Indian with a
big knife in his hand motioning for him to come outside with him.
Mikkel was scared and hesitated to go, but his dad said he had no
Mikkel plowing with oxen. (photo from Helen (Berti/rud) Kilen)
choice but to go with him. They walked to the bam where the
Indian went up to a cow and pretended to skin her. Mikkel Anna always had a large garden and canned up to 800 or more
understood that the Indian wanted to know ifMikkel had a hide for quarts of vegetables, pickles, and jams each year. All the sauces
him. Mikkel shook his head and the Indian understood he didn't and jams came from the fruit she and her family picked growing
have any and then left. wild in the area, such as chokecherries, blueberries, and plums.
In 1908, Mikkel married Anna Everson, daughter ofAndrew and Besides doing all her laundering by hand by scrubbing clothes on
Gunild Everson, who was also from the Ross area. the washboard, she always had a good supply ofhomemade breads,
They raised ten children: daughters Clara (Mrs. ToralfBoe), Olga cakes and other goodies on hand. She was well known in the area
_ .......,.-.,..- ....... (Mrs. Fred Thomsen), as an excellent cook and neighbors and strangers were always wel
Gunda Bertilrud, come in their home to share a meal or a cup of coffee and sweets
Mabel (married Roy any time.
Anderson who died in They were both baptized in the Lutheran faith and long-time mem
1974, later married bers of the Bethlehem Lutheran Church of rural Greenbush where
Ernest Erickson, who they were active in all church activities. Anna was an active long
died in 1993), Lillian time member of the Bethlehem Ladies Aid. Mikkel served on the
(Mrs. Edward township board and also on the Gavick school board, plus he was
Lennon), Helen (Mrs.
Arthur Kilen ), and
sons Arnold (Myrtle
Olson), Edwin (Joan
(Vema Hanson), and
Mikkel and Anna
were both hard work
ing people . The
homestead was a
grain farm with milk
Mikkel and Anna Bertilrud Wedding cows, three oxen
(photo from Helen (Bertilrud) Kilen) named Tim, Tom, and Mikkel and Anna Bertilrud (photo from Helen (Bertilrud) Kilen)
active in cooperative work in the area. (Ben) (1912-1981) married to
The children had to walk two miles to the Gavick School on a Caroline Neumiller (1911-1994);
route where it is not uncommon to hear wolves in the distance. Ernest (1915 - 1984) married to
Indians would camp in the woods south ofMikkel and Anna's land, Artillian Solom (1922-1994) 1
where the older children would have to walk by them to get to the child; Peter (1918-1949) married
school, but they never bothered them. to Dorothy Erickson (Deceased) I
The children also had the job of cleaning the .schoolhouse. They . child.
would heat the water at home and carry it all the way to school for The Bialkes farmed a half sec
two dollars a month. tion, growing the customary grains
Gypsies could often be seen passing by on the road past the home and seeds and raising cattle and
stead. Men would be riding in the wagon with the women walking sheep. John, who was also a car
. behind. They would camp in areas where "snack roots" (snakeroots) penter, built a house and a bam
grew so they could dig and dry them to sell for medicinal use. with the assistance of his oldest
Mikkel and Anna both stayed on the original farmstead until they son, Frank. However, with the
passed away. Mikkel died December 12, 1970, and Anna died No farm economy at a really low point
vember 5, 1972. John and Mary Bialke; taken in 1914 and the Great Depression looming
Submitted by Helen (Bertilrud) Kilen and Angela (Kilen) Peterson. when they moved with eight of eleven in the future, finances were poor
to from Gilman, and the Bialkes almost lost the
MN. (photo courtesy ofB.J. "Dutch"
Frank and Bialke farm.
Frank Bialke was born in Decem
ber of 1894. He was one of ten
brothers and no sisters. He married
Agnes Lasniewski. They had three
children: Genevieve, Dorothy, and
Hilary. They farmed in Barnett
Township and were members of
Blessed Sacrament Church. He was
an early campaigner for rural elec
tricity and was on many commit
tees, which included the creamery
organization. He was also involved
in many community activities.
Frank was a rural mail carrier for
many years, even delivering mail Bialke family - 1920 after father (John) died. Back LtoR: Severen (1905), Ray
(1904), Barney (1902), Adam (1897); Front LtoR: Mary (1877), Ernie (1915),
on foot. He was a good farmer and
Jack (1916), Ben (1912), Martin (1908), and Pete (1918) held by Frank (1894).
Frank and Bialke cour- especially in raising sheep.
courtesy ofB.J. "Dutch" Bialke)
tesyofMaryAnnandDavidSchires) leved'In educat'IOn beyond
He be I'
the country school. Following the untimely death of her husband, John, on February
He eventually moved off the farm into Greenbush. He died of 4, 1920, Mary had a very difficult life, raising her many sons with
cancer December of 1945. out a father. Nevertheless, she advanced them all to manhood, and
Submitted by MaryAnn and David Schires. in her latter years she supplemented her income with earnings re
sulting from her high quality cooking and baking talents at the lo
John and Mary Bialke cal restaurants and hospital.
Most of the Bialke children had offspring, who now live in many
The Bialke family migrated from Gilman (near Foley, Minne parts of the world.
sota) to Greenbush on April 6, 1914, and settled in Barnett Town Submitted by J. "Dutch" Bialke (son ofFrank Bialke).
ship. Originally, their parents had immigrated from Poland and
Czechoslovakia in the mid-1800s. The Family of Henry and Marit Bjerk
John Bialke (1867-1920) and Mary (Jedlicki) Bialke (1877-1961),
who had married in latter 1892, had eleven (11) sons, but daugh Henry Mathias Nathan Bjerk was born to Eric Asbjornsen Bjerk
ters. Their children were as follows: (1831-1909) and Britha Madsdatter Aabolle Bjerk (1855-1893) in
Frank (1894-1949) married to Agnes Lasniewski (1896-1972) 3 Buffalo County, Wisconsin, on March 21,1869. He had seven sib
children; Jacob (1895-1897); Adam (1897-1977) married to Julia lings. His parents were Britha Madsdatter Aabolle (Bjerk) and Eric
Kasprick (1902-1996) 2 children; Barney (1902-1947) married Asbjornsen Bjerk, who was born in Luster Co Norway and died in
Eleanor Lasniewski (1908-1990) 4 children; Raymond (1904-1988) Roseau.
married to Ora Carvell Voth (19 I5-present); Severyn (1905-1994) In September of 1894, Henry married Marit Thorsdotter Ulven
married to Mela (1911-1986) I child; Martin (1908-1990) married Reierson (born February, 1876) in Holt, Minnesota, where they lived
to Frances Riske (1913-1997) 3 children; John (Jack) (1910-1969) until 1901. Then he farmed at Mud Lake for a time before home
married to Marie Schires (Deceased 1975) 4 children; Benedict steading in Huss Township, Roseau County.
had eight children; and Sharron married Ron Williams and had five
(6) Nannie (Nance) Matilda Bjerk Johnson- born April 2, 1904,
died April 8, 1973- Nance married William Johnson. They had six
children, Giles, Faye, Phyllis, Darlene, Aryls, and Eileen.
(7) Selmer Raymond Bjerk- (a twin) born 1906, died 1974- Selmer
and Ethel raised four children, LaVonne, LaVern, Curtis, and Nadine.
(8) Arthur Earl Bjerk- (a twin) born 1906, died 1976- Arthur and
Nellie (McFarlane) had three children: Art married Wanda, Deloris
married Richard Bohr, and Dennis married Lynn.
(9) Pearl Clarice Bjerk- born 1907- Pearl married Emil Ornquist.
They had five children. Avis married George Wallin; Eldor, also
known as Speed, married Bonnie Franks and had two children; Dean
married Fern Curtis and had three children; Morlyn married Debra
Lien and had one child; and Carol married Gorden Taylor (now
divorced) and had four children.
Henry and Marit Bjerk (photo courtesy ofCarmen Sather)
(10) Marie Gladys Bjerk- born January 19, 1911, died August 9,
He built a three-room log cabin. Later the boys cut their own 1911.
logs, sawed their own lumber, and built a house. Henry always (11) Gladys Hannah Bjerk- born July 1, 1912- Gladys married
farmed with mules and never owned a tractor, but he invented the Walter Thibedo and Alan Marlar. Gladys had two children,
first bean threshing machine. The machine, which he never pat Marcedes and Audrey. Marcedes married Russ Sasse and Roy
ented, can be seen at the Northland Threshing Bee. He also was a Wichgers, both died ofcancer. Marcedes had three children. Audrey
blacksmith. Henry smoked a pipe with a cover until he died. He married Gerry Little and had two children.
ate with his knife and poured his coffee into a saucer to drink it. (12) Myron Arnold Bjerk- born September 18, 1915- Myron mar
Marit was a midwife as well as a housewife. She always had ried Lillian Larson (divorced) and later married Julia. Myron had
peppermint candy for her grandchildren. The first meeting of the four children, Marlys, Arden, Richard, and Janet.
Norwegian Ladies Aid was held at Marit's home on May 2, 1905. (13) Baby Boy Bjerk- born 1917, died 1917.
At this meeting the Aid was organized. Charter members were: Submitted by Carmen Majer Sather.
Mrs. Fred Wiskow, president; Mrs. T. Gilbertson, treasurer; Mrs.
. A. Amundson, secretary; Mrs. H. Smebak; Mrs. H. Bjerk; Mrs. O. Henry and Mary (Novak) Blazek
N. Gordon; Mrs. Severt Anderson; Mrs. L. Lorenson; Mrs. H. S.
Gjovik; and Mrs. Hamness. Henry Blazek came from Czechoslovakia with his family at the
Marit had a stroke and was confined to a wheelchair for the last age ofeleven years. His family first settled in Walsh County, North
twelve years of her life. Her daughter-in-law, Ethel, took care of Dakota, and later moved to the Haug, Minnesota area. Henry home
her at home. Marit died at the Greenbush Hospital on October 8, steaded a small farm two and a half miles north of the Haug Store.
1950. Henry and Mary (Novak) Blazek were united in marriage in Janu
Henry sold the farm to Norman Erickson and moved to Badger in ary 1903. A few years later they moved to a better house a mile
1942. away, which was later occupied by Arvin Gorden.
Henry and Marit had thirteen children: Henry and Mary had
(1) Edgar H. Bjerk- born 1894, died May 5, 1950- Edgar, never seven children: Mary,
married, was a photographer having Bjerk Studio in Strathcona for Gabriella, Pauline,
a time and later a studio in McIntosh, Minnesota. Frank, Henry Jr.,
(2) Bertha Bjerk Martinson- born May 24, 1896- She raised two Angeline, and Yarmilla.
children: Pearl, and Magnus. Pearl married Leroy Nelson and had In 1932, they moved to
four children. Magnus married Marajore and adopted two chil 1 a farm three miles north
dren. of Greenbush and lived
(3) Richard Bernard Bjerk- born August 5, 1898- Richard, who there until 1941. Their
worked for Fox Studios in Hollywood, married Hazel Winjum. They three oldest daughters
had two children. Lois married Jack Davis, and Jeanie married who were living in Cali
Gene Fisk. fornia urged them to
(4) Oscar Helmer Bjerk- born July 19, 1900, died 1963- Oscar move out there, which
married Helen Moser. After she died of cancer, he married Naomi they did in 1943. As of
Anderson. Oscar was a barber in Karlstad. Oscar and Helen had June 2004, two of their
four children, Joyce, Rodger, Jack, and Terry. children survive
(5) Edith "Ida" Bjerk Reierson- born 19, 1902, died Octo Angeline (Kenneth)
ber 1, 1988- Ida married Obert Reierson. had six children. Bothum and Yarmilla
Orla married Clarence Majer and had three children; Betty married Henry and Mary (Novak) Blazek, August 1948, (Severyn) Duray.
Les Haugen and had two children and raised three more; Virgil Dad 71 years and Mom 65 years.
married Lois Eickstad and had four children; Beverly married Rob
ert Swan and had six children; Shelby married Elvin Ostrno and Submitted by Yarmilla Duray
John and Stella Blazek lifetime member of St.
Aloysius Church at Leo and
John and Stella Blazek came from Czechoslovakia. John, born in Mary was a member since her
Tucapy, Czechoslovakia on March 28, 1873, came to Tabor, MN marriage.
with his family in 1888. In 1894, they moved to Roseau County Their children were: Rafine
and settled in Soler Township. They built their home there and (Lorraine Mlodzik), Floyd
engaged in farming. Stella M. Kozel was born in Mi1ensko, Czecho (Alice Stanislawski), Delores
slovakia on August 14, 1876. Her family came to Pisek, ND in (Merle Anderson), Loretta
1904. John and Stella were married in Pisek, January 19, 1909, (Philip Pelowski) and Rudy
and made their home in Soler Township. (Alice Mlodzik). Floyd died
November 29, 1973, in
Roseau and Mary died March
26, 1974, in Greenbush.
Submitted by Lorraine
Floyd and Mary Blawat wedding July 6,
1926. (photo courtesy ofLorraine Blawat)
Frank and Elizabeth Blawat
Frank Blawat was born October 9, 1864, in Kolosblwa, Poland
and came to the United States at the age of 19 years in 1883 as a
stow-a-way on a ship, leaving his parents, three brothers and one
sister in Poland. Elizabeth Gerszewski Blawat was born Novem
John, Stella, Mary and Frances in front of their home in Soler township.
(photo courtesy ofErnest Janousek) ber 15, 1865, in Poland and came to the United States with her
parents, two sisters and six brothers.
John served as treasurer of Soler Township board for a number of Frank and Elizabeth were married January 19, 1892, by Father
years. They attended St. Aloysius Catholic Church at Leo. Besides Matthew Grochowski in Pulaski Township, Warsaw, ND. Frank
his own farming he had custom threshing crews. He also made helped build a railroad from Ardoch, ND to Neche, ND with
many tools and etc. in his blacksmith shop. Elizabeth's brothers while Elizabeth cooked for the men. In Au
They had four children but two sons died in infancy. Their daugh gust 1901, they homesteaded a farm in Barto Township and farmed
ters were Mary who was born in 1912 and Frances who was born in until their son, Severyn, took over when Elizabeth died on August
1914. 5, 1923. Frank continued to live with Severyn until he died on May
Mary married Frank Kukowski in 1959 and they continued to 4,1947.
reside on the Blazek farm. Frank and Mary had no children. Frank Some original buildings remain on the farm which is still owned
passed away in 1980 and Mary continued to reside on the farm by a grandson, Rafine Blawat. Frank and Elizabeth traveled to
until she moved to the nursing home in 1995. She passed away on Stephen, MN with horses and wagons to sell their grain and to pur
Apri1'?,2001. chase supplies. They bought their first car in 1919.
Frances married Frank Janousek in 1936 and they resided on the
farm' they purchased in Soler Township. They have three children:
Leonard (Thi1da Waage), Marlene (Adrian Pulczinski), and Ernie
(Shelley Melgaard Erickson) who continue to live in
the Greenbush area. Frank passed away in 1977 and Frances passed
away in 1986.
The Blazek farm in Soler Township, Section 14, became a cen
tury farm in 1994 and is now owned by grandson, Ernest Janousek.
Ernest purchased the farm in 1997.
Submitted by Ernest Janousek.
Floyd and Mary Blawat
Frank and Elizabeth Blawat with children: Victoria, Floyd, Mary, Severyn,
Bill (Valentine), Leonard, John, Lucy and Elizabeth in 1919. (photo courtesy of
Floyd Blawat was born May 4, 1898, in Barto Township, Roseau
County and was the son ofFrank and Elizabeth Gerszewski Blawat.
Mary Blawat was born April 1, 1909, at Warsaw, ND and was the Their children were Leonard (Frances Perkerewicz), Mary (Albert
daughter of Frank and Angeline Perkerewicz Marynik. St. Antoine), Severyn (Victoria Perkerewicz), Floyd (Mary
Floyd worked in a coal mine in Hibbing, MN for several years Marynik), Victoria (1. B. Efta), John (Sylvia Fleshman), Bill (Albina
before his marriage to Mary Marynik on July 6, 1926, at Warsaw, Novacek), Lucy (Max Duray), Elizabeth (Alex Wojciechowski) and
ND. They farmed in Barto Township until retirement in 1964, at Joe Clement, who died as an infant.
which time they moved into the city of Greenbush. Floyd was a Submitted by Lorraine Blawat.
John and Mary (Pukwla) Bolek
John Bolek was born in Zolynzo, Poland in 1872. He came to the
United States in 1890. He worked for a few years in the coal mines
at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, before moving to the farms of North
Dakota. In the late 1890s, he came to Roseau County where he
took a homestead in Polonia Township.
Mary Pukwla was born in Debeca, Poland, in 1878. She came to
America during the 1890s, stopping at Cleveland, Ohio, where she
had some relatives. She worked in a bakery there. In 1906, she
.moved to Roseau County and married John.
They had six children: Mike, Joe, John, Stanley, Johan, and Myron.
They belonged to St. Aloysius Catholic Church. Mary died in 1959. Peder "Pete" Borgen in the early 1930s with his mail car.
Submitted by Linda Gieseke with information from an article by (photo submitted by A.J. Pulczinski)
Joe Bolek in the Roseau County History Book.
December 18, 1943, at Greenbush, Minnesota; Elmer was born July
Peder P. and Anna (Halverson) 13, 1912, at Greenbush married Alice Melby and died June 28, 1984,
in Oregon City, Oregon; Menvil was born on January 24, 1915, at
Ingeborg Anna (Halverson) Borgen born July 9, 1880, to Ole Greenbush, Minnesota, married to Bernice Duray on June 11, 1940,
and Mary (Huset) Halverson in Lake Johanna, Minnesota. She lived and living in Greenbush; and Esther was born November 12, 1918,
in Johanna, attended school and worked there until she was mar at Greenbush, Minnesota, married to Benard Bendickson in 1940
ried at the age of 19. and died January 27, 1992, at Spokane, Washington. One other
Peder Borgen was born on December 24, 1875, in Ringabo, son, also named Elmer was born January 3, 1906, and died in in
Gudbrandsdalen, Norway. He came to America with his parents fancy on September 28, 1907. He is buried in the East Lake Cem
when he was 14 years old. They settled in the town of Lac qui etery in Crow Lake Township, Stearns County, Minnesota.
Parle, Minnesota, where he lived for six years with his oldest brother Peder and Anna had twenty grandchildren. They celebrated their
and then moved to Brooten. 50th Wedding Anniversary in 1949 at the Bethel Lutheran Church
Peder and Anna were in Greenbush, with all their living children and most grandchildren
married July 8, 1899, at present. Peder passed away on February 21, 1950, and Anna on
Brooten, Minnesota. In December 12, 1963. They are both buried in the Bethel Cemetery
1907, they left Brooten on at Greenbush.
a train to Karlstad with their Submitted by Menvil and Bernice Borgen.
children and Ii vestock.
From Karlstad, came Louis "Willie" and Anna (Aamodt) Botoshe
by horse and wagon on a
very muddy trail. There Louis Joseph "Willie" (Batoche) Botoshe was born February 18,
were no telephone poles, 1880, in St. Vincent, Minnesota. Willie was baptized in the Catho
. roads or railroads when they lic faith at Assumption Catholic Church in Pembina, North Dakota,
...., . came to Greenbush. They in February 1880. His godparents were Louis Godin and Marie
f.I~~!lQl obtained a homestead on the Laroque.
SE l/4 of Section 5 in Louis married Anna Sophia Aamodt Grumbo in May 1910 at Leo,
Barnett Township in Roseau Minnesota, Roseau County. Anna was born November 1,1888, in
County five miles east of Sigdahl, Norway. Her parents were Erik and Johanna (Nelson)
Greenbush. He cleared Aamodt, both from Norway. Anna's first husband was Michel
Peder and Anna Borgen most of the farmland and Grumbo (Grandbois) who was born November 10; 1881; he died
experienced many frontier hardships during his twenty-four years March 22, 1906, in Greenbush and is buried in St. Mary's Cem
offarming. They purchased their first car in 1927. They then moved etery in Badger, Minnesota. Anna was baptized Lutheran but later
to the village of Greenbush, where they purchased land and built a baptized into the Catholic faith on December I, 1905 in Green
home in 1931 . Some of their land became the Greenbush baseball bush, Minnesota.
field and part of the Greenbush Park. (Their son, Menvil and his From 1902 to 1904, Anna carried mail from Old Greenbush to
wife, Bernice, still own the family farm and live in the home Peder Leo. She was also a midwife and during the smallpox epidemic
built at Greenbush.) Peder was a mail carrier for twenty-three years she helped to vaccinate the people of the town. Willie and Anna
and was on the school board of District 34, which was located east lived three miles west ofWest Greenbush where he raised and sold
ofGreenbush. After consolidation he became a school board mem horses.
ber of District 66 for some twenty years . They were members of Willie died February 10, 1958, and his wife Anna died February
the Bethel Lutheran Church in Greenbush. 11, 1968. Both died in Greenbush, Minnesota, and are buried in
They had six children who were: Mable, born October 20, 1902, the Blessed Sacrament Cemetery.
at Lake Johanna, married Conrad Braaten in 1944 and died on Feb Willie and Anna had eight children: Cecelia 1910-1980 (Gust
ruary 21, 1982, at Brainerd, Minnesota; Oscar was born November Gustafson), Mary 1912-1982 (Leo Johnson), Hilda 1913-1983 (John
20, 1904, at Lake Johanna, married Edla Grahn in 1929 and died Svegdah1), William 1918-1980 (Lily Martell), Mae 1922 (William
gasoline. John and Laura's children were Eugene (Gene) who mar
ried Georgine Novacek, and Jack who married Ann Wilebski.
Laura and her father are buried in the Blessed Sacrament Cem
etery near Greenbush.
Submitted by Myrna Sovde. Sources: Ruby Scales, Leona Emery,
Roseau County school records, Tribune. See Roger Botoshe and
Ellen Goslien histories.
and Cecelia <Batoche) Botoshe
It is with Roger Batoche that the name change from Letendre to
Batoche (Botoshe) was begun. After questioning family members
as to why it is, the following reasons were given to me. In the time
of Roger's circle of life, much persecution of the Indians of the fur
Willie Botoshe and Grandchildren; Back: Donald Johnson, Ray "Sparky" trade era was going on from the Rebellion.
Gustafson, Annie Botoshe, Willie Botoshe, Arnie Gustafson, Gayford Gustafson. Roger was a peaceful man, close to his religious beliefs and to his
Front: Leona Johnson, James Johnson, Norbert Johnson. (photo 'courtesy of family. Indian children were taken from the homes of their fami
Leona "Mickey" Emery) lies and sent off to mission schools with the idea that they were to
Martell), Caroline 1925-26, Francis 1928-1999 (Kenneth tum into white men and women. Their hair was even cut off so
Halvorson), and Nonnan 1920-1991 (Adell Lutner). Cecelia, Hilda, they did not look like savages and would blend into the white man's
and Mary lived around the Greenbush area all their lives. William society. Their heritage was completely taken from them.
lived in Iron River, Wisconsin. His children are George, Alta Young, Roger tried to get away from all of this, so he moved his family to
Elva Swanson, Kenneth, Roger, and Loretta. Francis, who lived in northern Minnesota to live in peace. He took the nickname of his
McGrath, Minnesota, had one child, John Halvorson. Mae is still ancestors, which was a nickname of the town they started in
living in Concord, California. She had three children, Janice, Wendy Saskatchewan, Canada.
and Wanda Martell. Nonnan was in WWII and was on a ship on It was in Greenbush that he found his peace and lived his circle of
the way back to Gennany when the war ended. He lived in Minne life. Roger was a hunter and a fanner, and he also raised horses on
apolis. His children are Ruby Scales, and Nonnan James Roger a farm on the ridge near Greenbush, Minnesota. Roger's brother,
Botoshe, Jr. Pat Botoshe, and his sister, Ellen Goslien, also lived in the area.
Submitted by'Ruby Scales, edited by Myrna Sovde. See also Gust Roger was born July II, 1842 or 1847, in Winnipeg, Canada. He
and Cecelia Gustafson, John and Hilda Svegdahl, Leo and Mary married Cecelia Desjarlais in 1872. Cecelia was born November 3,
Johnson histories. 1846, also in Winnipeg. Roger and Cecelia had been married 57
years at the time of his death.
Pat and Mary (Grumbo) Botoshe Roger died September 16, 1929, in Greenbush. At the time ofhis
death he hardly had any eyesight left. He had also contracted seri
Baptiste (Patrick) Botoshe (Letendre) was a brother to Roger ous complications from an illness. A small pox epidemic had bro
Botoshe and to Ellen Goslien, also local residents. Pat was born in ken out in the town and surrounding areas of northern Minnesota.
St. Vincent, Minnesota, about 1867 and died in 1945. On July 20, Roger wished not to be a burden to his family so he lost the will and
1905, heo marriedMary Delia Grumbo (Granbois) in Roseau County. fight to live.
The witnesses were Alex and Anna Grumbo. He is buried on the family fann
The Grumbo family name was actually Granbois, but with cen west of Greenbush on the ridge
sus takers and sometimes teachers' misspellings, or perhaps because in the woodland by the oak trees
that is how the name sounded to most people, the name was gener and pine trees. There used to be
ally Grumbo. At least two Grumbo families were shown as attend a white fence but a fire destroyed
ing school in District 40, Hereim Township, in the early 1900s. it. Peter Montry, a family rela
Grombous children also attended school in District 25 of Dewey tive, put the white picket fence
Township in 1899. around Roger's burial ground.
Pat and Mary Delia had three children, Elizabeth (1907-1937), ~,~"'f'1~a"f.':ii1f.j Two babies, who also had small
Laura (1906-1982) and Pat Nonnan (February 20, 1913). Mary Delia pox, are buried next to Roger.
died three days after the infant son and both were buried in Badger (The graves are on DNR land,
on February 25, 1913. near the James and Janice
Pat's obituary read, "His wife died in 1912 (1913) leaving him Swenson home.)
with two little girls to be both mother and father to. He provided a Cecelia died August 26, 1933,
home for them and always kept his home neat and spotless. He in Greenbush and is buried in the
was a good, honest worker and everybody was friend. He was Catholic cemetery ofthe Blessed
noted for his walking ability and did not mind walkIng from here to Sacrament Church.
Hallock in one day." Roger and Cecelia's children
Daughter Laura married John Harper. In 1920 they moved from were: James, Rose, Delia and
their fann to the Sereson house near the Bethel Church. John had a Roger Botoshe with grandsons William Willie. James (Elzear) April 8,
filling station. In 1926 he installed a third tank to provide ethyl and Norman Botoshe. 1872 to December 27, 1949,
married Ellen Sayers but had no children. Rose (Rosalie) was born Church, on Highway 11 and a half mile east of Pelan Pioneer Park.
July 24, 1876, and married Frederick Montrueill known as Fred They built all new buildings and a big cement block house which
Montry . Delia, born November 21, 1878, married Fred Lavoy. for that time, was a very nice home.
"Willie" whose full name was Louis Joseph Batoche Letendre, was They were active in the Pauli Church and in the community.
born February 18,1880. Willie married Anna Aamodt. Gurina hosted many Ladies Aid gatherings at her home, and Avle
Roger and Cecelia resided in Greenbush for forty years and were was custodian at the church for many years. They had cattle and
one of the first settlers of Greenbush, Minnesota. raised grain.
Submitted by Ruby Scales. See historiesfor Willie andAnna Botoshe, The children were: Pete; Agnes (John [Jack]) Nezo; Helmer; Mabel
Fred and Rose Montry, Fred and Delia Lavoy. (Knute) Skaro; Carl (Em Torgerson); Ida (Lloyd) Thompson; Gladys
(Jim) Helgeson; and Arley (Bernice Hetland). Ofthis family, only
Hans and Clara (Sather) Boyum Gladys survives. Gurina died in 1935; Avle died in 1957. They are
buried in the Pauli Cemetery.
Hans Boyum was born in Sogo, Norway on January 2,1878. He In 1945, Agnes and her husband, John Nezo, purchased the farm.
came to America in 1897 at the age of nineteen. He arrived in Avle lived with them until his death. The stately house, a landmark
Rushford, Minnesota, and walked the five miles, carrying his suit to area residents, was nearly demolished by fire in 1955. It was
case, to his Uncle Knute Boyum's farm. He worked on the farm for rebuilt into a one-story structure.
five years and later at a nearby farm. He attended some at The Nezo's had two children: Gloria (Roynell) Erickson, and
Winona College to become more proficient in the English language. William [Bill] (Shirley
His uncle, who was in real estate, encouraged him to go north where Underdahl) Nezo. Bill
land was cheaper. He worked in a logging camp at Roosevelt, Min died in 1972, leaving his
nesota, for two years. He then went to Greenbush where he pur wife and three daughters to
chased land in Barnett Township from Dave Rowland for $17 an acre. . survive him. Agnes con
Hans met Clara Sather at a basket social when he was the highest ," tinued to live on the farm.
bidder on her basket. She was a Roseau County schoolteacher and After she married Carl
the daughter of B. C. Sather of Badger. They were married on Spangrud, they lived on
Christmas Eve in 1912. Clara's last teaching position was at Stokes the farm for several more
school near Badger. years, eventually selling
They were parents of three children: Clarice Billberg, Beatrice the farm to Richard
Erickson, and Kenneth Boyum. The family was involved in pio Vreeland. Agnes died in
neer life: fieldwork with horses, milking cows in the log bam, 1990, and Carl died in
and tending to chickens and hogs. Cream and eggs were brought to 1992 . Vern and Mary
town by buggy or sleigh, bringing in periodic income. Langaas live on that site at
A Model T Ford and other vehicles replaced the horses. Small the present time.
tractors were first used in the mid-thirties. Later, other improve Submitted by Gloria Nezo
Avle and Gurina Branvold
ments made work easier. (Gloria Erickson photo) Erickson.
They were members of Bethel Lutheran Church of Greenbush.
Clara Boyum passed away in January of 1945. Hans continued to John and Brazier
live on the farm until his death in June of 1970, at the age of92.
Submitted by Linda Gieseke with information supplied by Beatrice The American branch of the Brazier family began in 1893 when
(Mrs. Kenneth) Boyum to the Roseau County History Book. Jean Baptiste Francios Brazier (shortened to John Brazier when he
arrived to the United States), left Paris, France. He arrived in the
Avle P. and Gurina Brandvold USA at 18 years of age with two dollars and seventy cents. John
worked in New York for a while before moving to Minnesota.
Avle, wife Gurina, and their children moved to Dewey Township Having worked in the restaurant business in France, he found jobs
about 1916, from Erskine, Minnesota. They bought the farm, W 1/2 cooking for the harvest crews in the summer and for the logging
Section 28, from Evan Erikson, just south and east of the Pauli crews in winter. In 1890, he became one of the early settlers of
'/ ~ Y
The balcony faced north towards Highway 11. The original homestead cabin Olga (Anderson)
stands behind the house. (photo courtesy ofGladys Helgeson) John Brazier wife of John Brazier
Nine years after homesteading in Barnett, he married Olga Ander nothing to do with him.
son of Roseau, Minnesota. To this union nine children were born: Leonard Brekke was born on April 5, 1892, at Hazel Run, Minne
Frank (Genevieve Emery), Orville (died as a young man), Harry sota. He lived with his grandparents in Dewey Township, Minne
Jladys Asleson), Henry (Beau Mondie McFarlane), Walter (Dor sota, until grown. He worked at Everett, Washington, a few years
Dostal), Gladys (died as a child), Laura (Gehard Nelson), before returning to settle on a farm in Soler Township in 1916. He
Adeline (George Watson), Benneth (Arlene Osse, Joan Breken). purchased the farm in 1918. On September 29, 1917, he married
John and Olga worked very hard to get their homestead built up Rose Minarik, who was born September 28, 1900.
for themselves and their children. The children often told stories of Leonard and Rose were very active in the community: Leonard
good times with the neighbors who provided social and moral sup served on the hospital board; was director of the Greenbush Eleva
port. These neighbors included the Hogans, Nelsons, Bialkes, tor; was a member of the Greenbush Shipping Association; and
Waages, and Durays. served as clerk ofSoler Township for many years. He was active in
Letters written between John and his brother in France give an the Oiland Church, serving as treasurer for several years. If church
idea of life in Barnett Township in the early 1900s. funds were low, he would pay the pastor from his own funds . He
delivered mail from Haug and delivered cream to the creamery.
Dear Brother, Rose did janitor work for Oiland Church, always seeing that the
I am taking pen to paper to wish you a good and happy new year church was clean and ready for all occasions. She walked to the
and good health and hope that you will feel good as me because I church to start the fire to heat the building, in those days with wood.
feel great my dear brother. You asked me if! was frozen and I told She never received, nor expected, pay for that. Rose served as
you no, but if you asked me now I could answer not only the ears president of the Ladies Aid for several years. Rose often hosted
but it has happened now three times that my hands got frozen and Oiland's special speakers in her home. She was also a mid-wife,
the tips of my fingers have peeled and it's not finished as I must go delivering several children in the community and sometimes she
every day to the village one or two times and on Sundays 3 or would care for them in their home. She was a wonderful home
times. And as for work in the small bam I don't do too much as I and everyone was welcomed to the Brekke home. Rose
am the one who manages the work and I have command the other was a wonderful cook, baker, and gardener.
as he doesn't speak English. Well dear brother, the morning of the
New Year I went to the big house and wished them a Happy New
Year and the boss gave me a gift and the boss's wife gave me (this
was not legible). John Brazier
Tn retUrn, portions of the letters from John's brother respond to
ways ofAmerican life from his home in France.
My dear Jean (John in USA),
The neighbors, family and friends are flabbergasted by the way
they do harvest over there and wonder what the people do with all
that wheat. But what amazed them more is to see how much money
you make over there, some of them die of jealousy. I gave your
address to the Cretinois son, he is learning to be a baker at Servonat
at LaCote. You are lucky you left this last year because if you were Leonard and Rose Brekke 1967 - 50th Anniversary.
Menford, Adeline, Rose, Leonard, Luella and Lenore. (photo by Ruby Brekke)
still here you wouldn't have missed this years wine and we cannot
drink part of a bottle without your head turning and we have some Rose and Leonard had six children:
as dark as the Clinton of Carcel. I am keeping some for when Jo (I) Adeline, born May I, 1918, married Delford Day Dec. 25,
seph comes and if possible I will give his 30 liters for you to drink, 1941, following the Christmas Day service. Delford was in the
but I cannot remember having such wine and it sells right now for service and later became a Baptist pastor. Delford and Adeline had
40 frs per helioleter. Finally my dear Jean, I think that you are seven children. (2) Lenore, born July 12, 1922, died August 3,
going to get fat if you eat so much meat and it would do me good 2003, married Reuben Lee. She attended Bible School and nurses
since I am such a carnivore. The whole family that it would training. They lived at Detroit Lakes and also Fergus Falls. They
too long to name in detail asks me to send their friendship and wish had three children. (3) Menford, born October 1, 1927, died Au
you good luck, something that we cannot say here. Joseph Brazier gust 2, 1999, married Ruby Jorgenson October 2, 1954. They pur
Submitted by Colleen (Brazier) Lorenson. chased the Brekke homestead and built a new home there. They
had three children; Lee Jon (Nancy Schram), they have 2 children;
Leonard and Rose (Minarik) Brekke Don Ray, unmarried, owns DRB Fab at Greenbush; Ronna Marie
(Raymond Riffle, Gary Seydel), she has 3 children. (4) Harvie
Leonard Brekke's parents were Lewis and Johanna (Dallager) who Merle, born June 29, 1931, died July 10, 1931. (5) Baby Boy, born
'e married on July 4, 1891, at Wang, Yellow Medicine County, and died September 25,1932. (Twin) (6) LuElla, born September
Lewis was a steeple builder. He fell offthe scaffolding 25,1932, married Gilmore Karevold June 9, 1951. They farmed at
when working on a church and died in June of 1892, when Leonard Fosston andtetired to Moorhead. They had four children. Leonard
was only eight weeks old. His mother, Johanna, then married Jens died June 15, 1971 and Rose died December 21, 1981.
Peterson and had seven more children. Leonard lived with and was Submitted by Ruby Brekke.
raised by his grandparents, Lars and Martha, as his stepfather wanted
John Byhre was the son of Christian, and lastly, that he lived on Rud's place on
the hill in Norway. That's probably why he and his brothers and
The name Byhre wasn't familiar, at least not until hearing the sisters dropped the last name when they came to America in 1878.
pronunciation (bear-rah) with a little bit of a Norwegian brogue. Whether that was when they reached Ellis Island or later, no one is
By 1900 John Byhre homesteaded the quarter with the description, sure.
S 1/2 NW 1/4 and N 1/2 SW 1/4 Section 5 Deer Township. It is They sailed across the Atlantic Ocean on one of the first steam
better known as the Gilbert or Gilman Bertilrud place and is now ships. It was fitted with both steam and sails. They arrived at Ellis
one of the farms owned by Ernest and Carol Hemp. Island, New York, in 1878. From there, they traveled by train to
John, born in 1878, the son of Amund and Kari Peterson, came Pelican Rapids, Minnesota. News of the American Homestead Act
with his parents from Rothsay, Minnesota. His brothers Thorvald, probably influenced them to immigrate to America.
and Christian and sisters Anna (Otto) Foss and Gina (Syver) In 1894, at the age of23, Brede with two brothers and four other
Haugtvedt came at the same time. A brother Amund Olson was in friends traveled to northern Minnesota looking for homesteads.
Wisconsin. These seven who made the journey had all been born in Soler, Nor
way. Soler Township was later named after these men. With a light
wagon and a team ofhorses these young men followed the Pembina
Trail to Stephen, Minnesota, which at that time was the town near
est to the area to which they were heading. Here they turned east,
traveling on the Beach Ridge of Old Lake Agassiz through what is
today Karlstad and on to Pelan. At this point, they headed north
east to an area that is now about eight miles north of Greenbush.
The trip took them about two weeks. Here they stopped to camp
and hobble the horses as they always did each night or during the
noon meal. The next morning they decided to stay a few days and
look for homestead sites.
After a couple of days, they felt it would be safe to not hobble the
horses during the noon meal. The horses, however, took off head
ing in the direction from which they had come. They decided to
pool their money and send Brede after them. With no roads to
follow, he tracked them southwest to the Barto homestead which
Left: John Byhre, Hilda Foss, Annie Foss holding Alma Foss, Anna Byhre, Pe
ter Foss, Otto Foss, Grandma Kari and Grandpa Amund Peterson, Christian
was about four miles from their campsite. Mrs. Barto had seen the
Foss, Uncle Peterson, Anton Foss, at the Otto Foss home. horses going by and caught them with her pony. Barto Township
was named after these homesteaders.
Not much is known about John Byhre since he left the area and In 1895, after filing their claims in Crookston, Minnesota, the
went to Canada to homestead. John Byhre married Gunda Stasted young men returned to improve their homesteads in accordance
in 1901. Gunda died in childbirth or shortly after. The child, with the rules of the Homestead Act. After meeting all the require
Randine, was given to Gunda's mother to raise. Randine didn't ments of the Homestead Act, each of these young men was granted
know about her father until she was married and had several chil an official homestead document. Brede's homestead document,
dren. signed by President Theodore Roosevelt, was granted October 13,
John married soon after since the Poplar Grove Church records 1901. Don Christianson still has the original document.
showed John and Anna Byhre had two children, Adolph born Au Brede selected a site eight miles straight north ofGreenbush. One
24, 1903, and Kalma born December 24, 1904. Family records of the six who came was Evald Haug who had the first post office
show three more children: Laura, alger, and Raymond; at the present Ernest Janousek farm. One reason they gave for com
John and Anna were baptismal sponsors for Julius Ted, in 1903 ing here from Pelican Rapids is that it was less hilly.
and in 1905 John was sponsor for Hilda Carolyn, children ofHarold Brede's brother, Christian's homestead was located seven miles
and Sina Johnson. Several ofthe families in that neighborhood left north ofGreenbush in Barto Township. Over the years it was owned
the Poplar Grove Church about that time, so no more about these by Ben Christianson and Gary Erickson. Gary is the son of Andy
families can be learned from those books. and Oline Erickson and Brede Christianson's grandson.
The Byhre name was not in the 1913 Atlas, so their place had The first job the young men faced was building cabins. At that
been sold before that time. John sold his place to Severin (Sam) time, all the land north of Greenbush was prairie with a few small
Thompson, who later sold it to Gilbert and Hilda Bertilrud. Hilda, groves of poplars and brush scattered here and there. This made it
the daughter ofAnna and Otto Foss was John niece. necessary for the men to travel north to the cedar swamps ofCanada
Submitted by Myrna Sovde. Sources: Donavan Foss, Poplar Grove to get logs. The logs were hauled by horse and sleigh across the
records. frozen swamps to Christian's homestead. Because Christian had a
boiler's license, a steam sawmill was set up on his homestead where
Brede O. Christianson the logs could be cut into lumber.
In 1899, Brede married Mathilda Pederson. Mathilda and her
Brede O. Christianson Rudshaugen was born in Soler, Norway, sister Malena were to have a double wedding and the date had been
in 1871 to OlufC. (Christian) Rudshaugen and Olia Rudshaugen. set. However, Ole Slind, Malena's future husband, had a misun
In keeping with Norwegian custom, the 0 in Brede's name was the derstanding with his father so the wedding date, with the agree
first initial of his father's first name. The next name told that Brede ment of Brede and Mathilda was postponed. Later a new date was
set and the four traveled by horse and buggy to Roseau to get the away on 3/21/99. In 2004, Myrtle moved into the nursing home.
license, have the wedding ceremony, and take pictures. Mathilda Don married Sharon Christianson from Morgan, Minnesota in
was the daughter of Jonas Pederson and Malena Serins Idland 1975. Don continues the farming and milking operation to this
Pederson from Madison, Minnesota. Their homestead, located about day. Sharon works at the Roseau Area Hospital as a registered
six miles north of Greenbush, was low and wet. Not satisfied with nurse. They have four children : Blake- 1978, Brede- 1979, and
the land, they decided to move to Canada. twins, Craig and Curt- 1982.
At present, two of the boys are farming with Don and plan to take
over when he retires.
Submitted by Donald and Ronald Christianson.
Memories passed to grandson. Don Christianson
When they first came here, there were all kinds of mosquitoes
and ticks and only smoke to keep them away. Another problem
they encountered was that they only had scraggly jack pine and
bushes here so they had to haul logs from Canada to build with and
to heat with.
Money was scarce in the early 1900s. The railroad line ended in
Stephen at that time, so he would haul freight and groceries from
there to Greenbush and Haug, mostly by horse and sleigh. Later
Brede invested in a 1917 Model T that he used to haul mail from
Brede and Mathilda Christianson family: Front row: Rudy, Brede, Ruth,
Mathilda holding CIa rise, Ben, Melvin. Back: Alma, Olava, Joe, Mabel, Oline. Greenbush to the Haug Post Office and also some freight.
There have always been dairy cows on the farm. They used to
Over the years the family was to grow to ten children: Olava (Mrs. have chickens and pigs also.
Ernest Roetman) 1900; Joe (Esther Mattson) 1902; Mabel (Mrs. Brede's son Rudy fanned with horses until 1944 when he bought
Dave Rowland/Mrs. Ross Copeland) 1905; Oline (Mrs. Andy a new B John Deere for $1,079 from Herb Reese who was the dealer
Erickson) 1907; Alma (Mrs. Haakon Wold) 1910; Bennie (Viola in Greenbush at the time.
Skullerud) 1912; Melvin (Wilma Lee) 1915; Rudy (Myrtle Lee) In 1946 they got electricity on the farm . One of the first things
1917; Ruth (Mrs. Lawrence PelowskilMrs. Earl Erickson) 1919; they bought was an electric motor for the machines. He
and Clarise Leonard Swart) 1921. also made a grain elevator out of wood with steel paddles. Before
All the children attended the Haug School and six graduated from that, they had to shovel all the grain into the granary. In 1948, he
Greenbush High School. Clarise was a senior the year the first bought his first combine, a 6-foot 12A John Deere for $1 ,730. He
high school burned down. One amazing thing, for this time, was hired breaking done on some of the land that year for $10 per acre.
that nine of these ten children graduated from high school. In 1950, Rudy sold alfalfa hay for six dollars per ton, wheat- two
Brede helped organize and pick the site for the Oiland Lutheran dollars per bushel, oats- 70¢ per bushel, flax- four dollars per bushel,
Church and Cemetery, serving as the first secretary and treasurer and one-day-old calves- $15 each. He bought gas for the tractor for
for many years. Besides singing solos, he directed and sang tenor 17.8¢ per gallon. They separated the milk and sold the butterfat to
in the church choir. He served on the Greenbush Creamery Board, the Greenbush Creamery for about 90¢ per pound. The telephone
Greenbush Shipping Association, Soler Town Board, the Haug bill for the year was ten dollars.
School and the Haug-Leo School Boards. He helped start the Haug In 1952, Rudy traded the B John Deere for an AR, list price of
School District, which became one of the first consolidated school $2,650 less trade in of$800. He bought an Allis Chalmers one-row
districts in the state. He also helped organize the Haug-Leo School corn chopper in 1953 for $1 ,700 and did some custom chopping
District. In these two school districts, he served as treasurer for 27 furnishing tractor, chopper, and two wagons for five dollars per
years. He kept the school funds in his personal account. In 1928 hour. In 1954, he sold cows on the market for 9¢ to 13¢ per pound.
when the economy was slowing, he had the bank directors sign a "Farming over the years has been enjoyable though with several
guarantee to cover the school funds. When the Greenbush bank memorable moments. It certainly is a good place to raise a family"
closed their doors in 1929, the bank directors had to cover and pay according to Don. In 1973, Rudy and Myrtle won the clean fann
up those funds . contest and a trip to the state fair. In 1995, Don and Sharon also
Brede farmed most of his life selling cream, eggs, and grain. won the clean fann contest and the trip to the state fair.
Besides farming Brede became a mail carrier from 1919-1923 to
help make money to support his growing family. He hauled the O. K. and Malena (Halvorson) Christianson
mail from Greenbush Post Office to the Haug Post Office.
Mathilda Christianson died of cancer in 1928 and Brede died in O. K. (Ole) Christianson was born at Nes Hallingdal, Norway, on
1949. He is laid to rest beside Mathilda in the Oiland Lutheran March 17, 1871, to Mr. and Mrs. Christian Iverson Langslet, one of
Cemetery. eight children born to this union. He attended public and Christian
Rudy married Myrtle Lee of Badger in 1940. They lived on the schools until he was 15 years old. In the spring of 1888, at the age
farm with Brede until 1941 when Rudy bought it for $15 per acre. of 17, he' immigrated to America. He first came to Hitterdahl, Min
They have four children: Ray- 1941, Marilyn- 1943, Donald- 1945, nesota, where he worked as a farm hand for about two years and
and Eleanor- 1953. Rudy and Myrtle sold the farm to Don in 1975. attended the public country school at Ulen in the winter. In 1890,
They built a house in Greenbush and moved there. Rudy passed he took jobs on farms in Hamden and Richwood townships, where
he met Malena Halvorson. cultivation, seeded to grass.
Malena Halvorson was born to Gabriel and Margit Halvorson on In 1944, O. K. and Malena moved to Detroit Lakes. A farewell
July 16, 1871, in Richwood Township, Becker County, Minnesota, party given in their honor was held in the Bethel Church parlor.
where she grew up. Featured speakers were Rev. J. I. Nystuen, Chas. A. Anderson, M.
O. K. and Malena married July 18, 1892. In the spring of J. Kotchevar, and J. M. Roche. Musical selections were provided
1901 , the Christianson family homesteaded on 160 acres in Deer by Edwin Anderson and Joan Stenberg.
Township about seven miles south of Greenbush. They proved up Malena died at the University Hospital in Minneapolis on April
the homestead and farmed for several years. O. K. was one of the 28, 1955, and just twenty-four days later, on May 21, 1955, O. K.
organizers ofDeer Township, and served as clerk ofthe town board. passed away in Minneapolis.
In the fall of 1910, they sold their farm and opened an "eating O. K. and Malena had four daughters: Alma (Wheeler), Minnie
house" in the "old Kulas Building" in Greenbush. Later they pur (Lofgren), Adeline (Carpenter), and Cora (Heyman).
chased the site and built the OK Hotel. It had electric lighting, Submitted by Eunice Korczak from research done by Milt Sather.
running water, bath and indoor toilets. "With eleven guestroorns
and office and writing room fitted up with easy chairs and rockers, Joseph. John. and Frances (Los) Chrzanowski
it was a fine hotel." The spacious dining room, with seating for
thirty, offered home cooking. A 1925 newspaper article called it Frances Los was born in Russia in April 1870. Joseph
hotel that gives a cheer of good feeling to every ,patron;. a booster Chrzanowski was born in May 1866. They married in 1889 and
for Greenbush. It is run on the American plan, $2.50 a day." moved from Poland (Russia) to America in 1891. They had three
The Christiansons children: Stella, Joseph Jr., and Helen. Stella was born in June of
served the public for 1896. She married Joe Novak and had one son Syl (June Owen).
many years in the ca Joseph Jr. was born in July of 1898. He married Lucille Mooney
pacity of hoteliers and (also known as Pieniazek). They had four children: Dorothy
served the town in nu (Ludwig Kasprowicz), Genevieve (Felix Gonshorowski), Leonard
merous offices in the (Lois Sovde), and Carol (Edwin Kukowski).
I affairs of the village, Helen was born in 1902. She married Joe Mooney and had seven
school, and Bethel children: Jake, Nora (Sheft), Edward (Irene Bialke, Etta Hontvet),
Lutheran Church . Florence (Hill), Delores (Ambrose Dolney), Joseph Mooney, Jr.
Malena was active in (Joyce Penas), and Rudy (Eileen Sobtzak). Frances and Joseph
church activities and homesteaded in Polonia Township.
played an important Joseph died in 1908. Frances
part in the Ladies Aid. then married Joseph's brother,
O. K. held the positions John. They had three children:
of village clerk of Violet, Martha, and John Jr. Vio
Greenbush, clerk ofthe let married Felix Blazejewski and
school board, secretary had Richard "Yogi" Blazejewski,
for the Bethel Lutheran Albert Blazejewski, Angeline
Martha Kostrzewski, and Rose
mary Wilson. Martha married
Vincent Mlodzik and had two sons:
.SE .l'1\! IV~,:".
,N , thirty years. In an ar Jerome (Joyce Workentine)
" . . ticle on the occasion of Mlodzik and Lambert (Delores
'. :R'i'~~~ their golden anniver Mrozek) Mlodzik. John Jr. married
sary celebration, The Greenbush Tribune stated, "We doubt that Angeline Kulas and had no chil
there is another village clerk in Minnesota that can claim a longer dren. He then married Marie
continuous service." O. K. also served for many years as village Kukowski. They had three chil
assessor, was secretary-treasurer for the local Federal Land Loan John and Frances Chrzanowski dren: Kathy Munro, Ann Dziengel,
Association, and for ten years, he held the position of director from (photo submitted by Genevieve and Jack Chrzanowski.
Roseau County at the Sanitarium at Thief River Falls. The previ Gonshorowski) Frances had heart trouble for
ously quoted article also says, "He has put in much time and thought years and died ofheart failure. Her
for the welfare of the village and school district." In 1940, O. K. obituary appeared in the Greenbush Tribune June 4, 1931. They
campaigned, apparently unsuccessfully, for Representative. described her as having a happy disposition and always willing to
On the occasion of their golden anniversary, O. K. and Malena lend a helping hand. She was buried at the Leo Cemetery.
feted by such Greenbush notables as: Mr. and Mrs. Umpleby; Genevieve Gonshorowski remembers her Grandmother Frances
Mr. and Mrs. H.J. Gavick; Rev. Tollefson; Waldo Evenson; Mrs. as being a very happy, smiley lady who always had a package of
Heltne; Mrs. Maynard Peterson; Mrs. Tollefson; OlafHildahl; Juicy Fruit gum in the striped wrappers in her pocket. She would
C. A. Anderson; Harvey and Lenor Lillemon; M. J. Kotchevar; J. give her one piece every time she saw her.
M. Roche; Halvor Langslet; and "the harmonizers" composed of Submitted by Linda Gieseke with information from Genevieve
members of the city council and the school board. Gonshorowski, Eunice Korczak, the Greenbush Tribune. Marie
In addition to the OK Hotel, the Christiansons owned a 147-acre Chrzanowski. and Elinor Koshenina.
farm just outside city limits. In 1925, sixty-five acres were under
Peder and Oleanna Coltom Andrew and Mary (Osowski) Cybulski
Peder Martin Coltom was the 10th child of Ole Anders Coltom In the late 1800s Andrew and Mary (Osowski) Cybulski came to
nd Johanna Johnsdotter. Peter Martin was born in East Toten, America from Poland with two daughters, Michalyna (Lena) born
on April 14, 1866, and died December 3, 1937. He came 1878, and Annastasia (Stella) born 1886. They settled by Warsaw,
to America at the age offour months, first living in the Sacred Heart North Dakota, where a third daughter, Lelokardya (Laura) was born
area of Minnesota and later moving to the Hatton, North Dakota in 1894.
area. He married Oleanna Kalbak Tomte on January 20, 1897, at They moved to a farm in Barto Township, Roseau County, Min
Park River, North Dakota. She was born March 14, 1874, and died nesota, around 1895. In 1912, they sold the farm to John
December 3, 1942. After they married, they lived near Hatton where Pietruszewski who married their daughter, Laura, in 1911.
two children were born, Evinda in 1897 and a son who died at birth. Andrew and Mary moved into Leo. Mary served as a cook to
. In 1903, they moved to Deer Township where they homesteaded Father Drewnicki. Andrew and Mary were a great help to their daugh
on the NW 1/4 of Section 24. Conrad was born there in 1905 and ter Lena after her husband Frank Kukowski died July 5, 1917, fronl
Otilia in 1909. They lived near the Poplar Grove Church, and Mrs. a farm accident. Lena was expecting her thirteenth child, Susyan
Coltom would harness a mule, hitch it to a cart, and drive to Ladies (Mrs. Romuld Duray). She was born October 23, 1917, and is the
Aid. They lived on several other farms until Peder quit farming in sole survivor ofthe Frank and Lena Kukowski family. Susyan lives
1921. Later they moved to Strathcona. in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, with her granddaughter Cherie.
After Peder quit farming, he worked for the county and state high Andrew and Mary Cybulski's granddaughter, Theresa (Mrs. Adrian
way departments. He also served as the local vet. He had a com Borowicz), who is Laura Pietruszewski's youngest daughter cel
plete case of Dr. Kocks Veterinary products and also a book of vet ebrated her fiftieth wedding anniversary on May 25, 2004, at St.
erinary medicine. -These items were still in their house when the Paul, Minnesota.
contents were auctioned after Conrad and Emma died. Submitted by Margaret Dostal Kuznia.
In 1935, after his marriage to Emma Lee, Conrad Coltom brought
his new wife home to Strathcona and lived with his parents, Peder Sidney and Laura Dahl
Martin and Oleanna. Evinda married Mr. Thompson, and Otilia and Knut and Hannah Dahl
married William Johnson.
Submitted by La Von and Orrin Coltom. Knut and Hannah Dahl were my grandparents. They home
steaded east and south ofBadger. Some oftheir neighbors included
and Mary Connelly the Gregerson, Skime, Dahlsrude, and Hillman families. There were
four boys born to them: Sidney, Joseph, Edwin and Bennett.
Ellen (Mrs. John J.) Walsh had two sisters Margaret and Mary Knut Dahl died at a very young age. Therefore the boys and the
McCue* . Margaret born in 1861, married Edwin Connelly and mother had to continue on. A very helpful bachelor neighbor, Mr.
resided in Graceville, Minnesota. When her husband died, she and Hillman also helped, and after a few years he and Mrs. Dahl were
her young daughter, Mary Connelly, born in 1894, lived the married. They continued to live on the farm for several more years
Ellen and John Walsh family, and moved to Roseau County with and were blest with three more children, Laura, Carrie, and Roy.
them in the early 1900s. Mary Connelly attended grade school in Times were getting rough to make a living in those early years;
District 60, the Gavick School, in Deer Township part of the time. maybe 1913 and on. They decided to try to move on to Oregon.
Maggie Connelly was among the signers petitioning for a school Little is known about their trip, but I have been told it started with
for the southwest comer ofHereim Township in 1912. Thepetition teams and a wagon. They'd travel for days, then stop and rest or
was rejected for not having enough of the landowners' signatures. find a job to make· a few dollars and then move on. By the time
Maggie died in 1912 or 1914* and was the first person buried in they reached Montana, they had worked enough to continue the
the Blessed Sacrament Cemetery according to the Walsh family trip by train. (It took three months to get to Montana.)
history. *(She wasn't listed as a signer on a school petition in 1913.) The two girls and Roy went with their parents, but the four older
Mary Connelly continued to live with the Walshes after her boys stopped in Grand Forks, North Dakota, and stayed there with
mother's death. The neighbors always referred to Mary Connelly an aunt for awhile.
by her full name to distinguish her and Mary Theresa Walsh, since Later, three of the four Dahl boys enlisted in the U. S. Army,
they lived in the same house. There were also other Marys: the namely Sidney, Joe, and Edwin. Sidney, in the years between mov
aunt, Mary McCue, and later Mary Estelle, daughter ofMary Theresa ing to North Dakota, had fallen in love, and he and my mother,
and Manley Millard. Laura Bagley, were married just three days before he was shipped
Mary Connelly is credited with beginning the S1. Ann Sodality- at to France. He didn't return for three years. But they had seven
Blessed Sacrament in Greenbush. She was employed as a house children and were married forty years before their deaths.
keeper for different priests, first in Greenbush, then in Plummer, After Sidney returned, they tried fanning in the Grand Forks and
Wilton, and finally in Two Inlets, Minnesota, where she served Fa Manvel area, but after, many failed crops and poor land, they were
ther Zarzecki until she died ofcancer in Minneapolis in 1971. Mary invited to try northern Minnesota. Since Dad had been born near
buried near her mother in the Blessed Sacrament Catholic Cem Badger, they decided to move. The year was 1930. With the help
ofDad's brother Edwin, who had a car, they loaded up a wagon and
*McCue, McQue, McKue, McHugh, have been used interchange rack and started for Greenbush with the load pulled by a team of
ably by various public sources as schools, newspapers, etc. horses. Two cows were led behind. Furniture and a crate with a
Submitted by Myrna Sovde. Sources: Ella Walsh Hurt, Walshfam dozen chickens were on board plus some hay and oats for the ani
ily book, Blessed Sacrament Church book. mals. Dad said it took them three days.
After reaching Greenbush, they bunked with the Lieberg family daughter of near-by neighbors, Edward and Karina Watterud, was
who had invited them up (to Greenbush). They stayed there through born November 5, 1888. Christ and Gunda cleared land, farmed,
the winter or about three months. They found a place to live and built a home, and began raising a family of six children. For a time
Dad had a job, so they moved to their own home in the area known Christ milked cows. He also broke horses for others.
as Haug. Christ was a founding member of Bethlehem Church, and was
The school was directly across the road; District 16. Oiland there to help when the church building was moved from Pelan to its
Church was only two and a half miles away, so all would be good. present site, in Lind Township. Christ and Gunda were both mem
We had many good neighbors: the Amt Holms, 1. 1. Kneppers, bers of the church, and all the children were baptized there.
Melbys, Wolds, Brandvolds and others. We lived there from 1930 Gundadied at home at age thirty-five from a miscarriage with
or 31 to 1946. Dad worked several years for, Axel Burkee, a farmer her seventh child. The other children were: Eddie, fourteen; Katie,
and he also worked with W. P. A. on building the municipal build thirteen; Morris, eleven; Gladys, eight; Willie, five ; and Hazel, two
ing in Roseau and the Greenbush School. He built several houses years old. Katie helped to raise her brothers and sisters, which
and barns also. enabled Christ to keep the family with such young children together.
Our family life was a cheerful one; we all learned the old time In the early 1940s part ofthe family lived on the NW 1/4 of Sec
dances which were held in many friends' homes . We did a lot of tion 6 in Deer Township. In the later years of his life, Christ and his
swimming in the big ditch just north of our house and roller skated son, Morris, lived on the ridge near Pelan Park, where Carl
or ice skated in winters. Our school house at Haug contained two Brandvold built a new home along Highway II. Christ died at age
school rooms and also had indoor plumbing, coat rooms and a lunch 77 and is buried at Bethlehem Cemetery.
area and play room (now called a gym). There was a basement Eddie was born November 20, 1908, and married Hilda Brandvold.
under the school that had two large coal burning furnaces, a good They had six children: Edward, James, LeRoy, Jeanette, Harvey,
well and a small lounge for the janitor, which was my dad for sev and Gary (Eddie died in 1995). Katie, born October 19,1909, mar
eral years. Our school days were happy times. We could run home ried John Langaas, and had two children, Kenneth and Joyce. Katie
across from the school for our noon lunch. died July 5, 2004. Morris was born October 30, 1911, never mar
Our family consisted of five sons and two daughters. Wallace ried and died July 16, 1963. Gladys, born May 18, 1917, married
was in the U. S. Army and was wounded at Normandy. Laurence, Carl Magnuson and had two children, Shirley and Curtis. Gladys
a U. S. Marine, was killed at Midway Island invasion. Howard died September 1, 1994. Willie was born August 13, 1917. He
served with the U. S. Navy and was wounded in North Africa. Ralph married Ardyce Love and they had David and Joy. They live in
was in the U. S. Army and served during the occupation of Ger Park Rapids, Minnesota. Hazel was born August 8, 1920, married
many. Vernon was in the U. S. Army in Korea. The girls were Ellerd Paulson, and had six children, Gloria, Diann, Judy, Jane,
Haiel (Albeit Aasen) and Ethel. Rodney and Duane. Hazel died November 8, 1959.
My first teachers at Haug School were Charles Christianson, Submitted by Shirley Langaas and Myrna Sovde. Source: Dallager/
Lenora Erickson, and Mabel Dallager Sovde. When I attended high . Watterud family book by Judy Paulson Altman.
school in Greenbush, I rented a room from Marie Moen, who had
eight girls staying there at one time. The only drawback was no Harold
Submitted by Hazel Dahl Aasen. Harold and his parents, Lars and Martha Dallager, came from
Granite Falls, Minnesota, about 1896, and homesteaded in Section
Christopher and Gunda (Watterud) 34 of Dewey Township. Harold lived with Lars and Martha. They
had cattle and crops. Harold worked hard. He buried all his big
Christopher "Christ" rocks by digging beside them with a shovel and then rolling them
Dallager, son of Lars into the hole.
Nilson Dallager and The closest winter road to town was from the Bethlehem Church
Martha (Berge) Dallager and east. In the winter he drove his Model T on top of the snow
was born January 7, drifts. It was so light, it would stay on top of the snow the mile and
1878, near Granite Falls, a half south to the church, and on into town. He was disgusted
Minnesota. Christ came when he traded for a Model A, as it was so much heavier and he
to Roseau County with couldn't drive on top the snowbanks.
his parents in 1896 or In the late I940s he sold his farm to Barney Anderson and moved
1897. In 1899 or 1900 to his nephew, Leonard Brekke's home, until he passed away.
he filed on his home Leonard was the son of Harold's sister, Johanna. Harold had cared
stead in Dewey Town for Leonard when his mother remarried, after the death ofLeonard's
ship. This quarter was father.
in Section 34, and was Submitted by Art Anderson. See Lars and Martha Dallager his
later owned by Martin tory.
Kirkeide and then
Merton Kirkeide. Lars and Martha
On February 25, 1907,
Christ married Gunda Lars Dallager was born February 3, 1851, at Vang, Valdres, Nor
Watterud in Pelan, Min way. Since he was the youngest in the family he was not eligible to
Christ and Gunda Dallager
(photo courtesy ofShirley Langaas) nesota. Gunda, the inherit any family land, so he immigrated to America. He married
Martha H. Berge, who was born in 1839 in Norway. She was twelve Dallager. The only way to be certain which Carrie had the home
years older than Lars. stead was to find when she deeded it away. At that time she was
In 1896, Lars and Martha along with sons, Nils, Harold, and Christ married so the name Dallager appeared, proving which Carrie it
moved to Roseau County, Minnesota in Dewey Township near was. The legal description of Karen's homestead was S 1/2 NE 1/4
Greenbush. Their sons homesteaded their own land. Lars and Section 4 and SW 1/4 NW 1/4 and NW1/4 SW 1/4 Section 3 in
Martha lived with their son, Harold. Lind Township.
Lars was involved with the beginning of Lutheran Karen, as Carrie H. Sogn, joined the Bethlehem Church in 1904,
Church. The Bethlehem congregation was organized December but the congregation had been meeting in log cabin since 1903,
14, 1901. Lars was trustee for two years and his son, Harold, was according to church minutes.
treasurer. As early as 1900, the congregation was meeting in the Karen Marie Sogn and Nels Dallager married on May 29, 1907,
Dallager home, where they continued to meet for many years. The in Barnesville, Minnesota, where Karen still had family including
. congregation bought chairs for Martha as a gift because they met in a brother, Iver. Karen's move to Nels' farm was a short one. Her
their log house. log cabin was less than a mile from Nels' farmhouse.
Martha died July 24, 1921. Lars died at the age of 88 in 1936 and Karen and Nels became parents of daughter, Mabel, on February
is buried at Bethlehem Cemetery. 27,1908. She was only a few months old when Nels died on June
Lars and Martha had six children (including twins, Johanna and 15, 1908, from tuberculosis contracted while in the army. He was
Margaret); Nils (1872-1908) married Karen Sogn; Johanna (1874 buried in the Pauli Cemetery rather than at Bethlehem, where they
1937) married Lewis Brekke/Jens Peterson; Margaret (1874-?); were members. Nels had made Karen promise he would not be
Louise (1875-?) married Pete Melness; Harold (1876-1948); Christ buried in the low land at Bethlehem, where the graves would often
(1878-1955) married Gunda Watterud. have water in them. He had a fear of water and wanted to be buried
Their daughter,Johanna, married Lewis A. Brekke in 1891. Lewis on the ridge near Pelan. Ironically, when Nels died, the water was
and Johanna had a child, Leonard Brekke, born April 5, 1892. Two so high his body had to be taken by boat across the Two Rivers to
months later, Lewis, a steeple-jack, fell and died, and when Johanna the Pauli Cemetery.
remarried, the stepfather rejected Leonard, so in addition to their Karen and baby Mabel lived at her parental home in Barnesville
own children, Lars and Martha raised him. for a time and later with her brothers, Christ and Martin Sogn.
Submitted by Ruby Brekke. Christ's quarter bordered the land Karen had inherited from her
husband. Her brothers farmed her land and she was able to keep
Nels and Karen the land through the years though sometimes it was tough. Mabel
became a teacher. She taught in rural schools for 21 years and in
Dallager was born September 16,1872, in Renville County, Greenbush for 24 years.
Minnesota, to Lars and Martha (Berge) Dallager. The family came When Mabel (1908-1999) married Nestor Sovde (1912-1982) they
to Roseau County in 1896 or 1897. Nels was in the Spanish Ameri lived on the farm with Karen. Karen died in 1960. Mabel and
can War and was in the Philippines for four years. He told how a Nestor had one son, Noral, who married Eva Jean Vlvin. They
mule laid down, and how he protected himself by shooting from have four children, Greg, Nathan, Heidi, and Lisa.
behind the mule. Nels, his parents, and brothers, Harold and Christ, Submitted by Myrna Sovde. Sources: Noral Sovde, Roseau County
were among the founders of Bethlehem Church in 1900 or 1901. Heritage book, Bethlehem records, Roseau Co. Registrar, Dallager
In June 1904, the N 1/2 SW 1/4 and N 1/2 SE 1/4 of Dewey family records.
Township was deeded to Nels Dallager. The property had been
homesteaded by Louis Nelson. Sam L. Darst
Karen, the daughter of Hans H. and Sofia Sogn was born in
. Hadeland, Norway on July Sam L. Darst was born January 4, 1886 at Spring Valley, Minne
2, 1876. She had come to sota. He had three brothers. In May of 1914, he bought a farm in
Roseau County by 1900 Barto Township, three miles north of Greenbush, where he lived
and homesteaded in Lind with his wife, Ruth, and four children: Conley, Beatrice, Valeria,
Township near her father and Warren.
Hans Sogn , along with In March of 1919, he was director ofthe new public owned tele
brothers Martin, Christian, phone company and was Barto town clerk in January of 1920. Sam
George, and Andrew, and raised registered purebred Holstein bulls from two to 24 months,
sisters Helen and Lena and also heifers and bull calves. He was director of the Greenbush
(Oline). Cooperative Creamery board when the new creamery was dedi
Family history had it that cated in 1926. He was elected supervisor of Barto Township in
Karen homesteaded. How March of 1928.
ever, the 1913 Atlas and a Sam took ill on election day, took to bed the next day, and died
patent paper spelled the early morning in May 1928. He was 42 years old. His oldest son,
name as Carrie. Andrew Conley, was only 14. His death was a distinct loss to the commu
Sogn's wife was Carrie, nity and the county. He was active in civic life and one ofthe area's
also. Two places showed best fanners and county boosters. Sam is buried at Bethania Cem
the name as Carrie H. Sogn, etery in Greenbush. His wife was buried in Little Falls in the 40s.
which was thought to be Sam's son, Conley, married Alpha Suby, daughter of Osmund and
Nels and Karen Dallager Karen Marie Sogn Hilma Suby of Barto Township. Conley was very active in the
county, also, as is their only son, Glenn, who now farms both the way. Karolina Dock died February 23, 1909, in Greenbush. She
Darst and Suby homesteads. was buried in the Synod, or Bethel, Cemetery.
Submitted by Linda Gieseke with information .from Glenn Darst, The October 29, 1909, paper told that Lizzie Dock was spending
the Greenbush Tribune, and the Roseau County Museum. the winter in Mekinock, North Dakota with her sister to attend
Arie DeRaad Family History K. O. Dock owned the Dock Hotel and built an addition to the
barn in the back, in October of 1909. In the June 25, 1911, paper
Arie DeRaad III and Maggie Boebeldyk DeRaad homesteaded in there was a story about K. O. Dock being a resident of Greenbush
Barnett Township, Roseau County in about 1910. It was the Dutch since the beginning of the town. He then moved to Thief River
heritage that the first born son always be named Arie. Arie DeRaad Falls to be in the automobile business.
III was born in Pella, Iowa, on April 29, 1865. When Arie was 5 There was a Dock Post Office located in the NE 1/4 Section 34 of
years old, he moved with his fanlily to homestead in Sioux County Hereim Township.
in northwest Iowa. When he was 17 years old, his family home Carl Dock was paid $7.50 by the village, in October of 1909, for
steaded in Grandview, Douglas County, South Dakota. They expe two months pay. Leonard Dock and Nels Boe were helping to put
rienced much hardship with breaking the prairie, building a sod up wire grass, near Karlstad, in September of 1911.
house and out buildings, and coping with drought and grasshop Submitted by Linda Gieseke with information from Myrna Sovde
pers. and Eunice Korczak taken from The Greenbush Tribune.
Arie DeRaad III married Maggie Boebeldyk on March 2, 1892,
in Grand View, Douglas County, South Dakota. Maggie was born Albert and Stella Dolney
February 18, 1873, at Koogebush, Netherlands. Maggie came to
America at the age of two. They lived at Grand View for four Albert Dolney served in WWI. After that came a couple of life
years. changing years. In 1918, he nloved to Polonia Township where he
They moved to Leota, Minnesota, where there was a Dutch-Ameri bought 480 acres from Paul Schase and in 1919 he married Stella
can settlement. They spoke Dutch almost exclusively in the DeRaad Pelowski. Stella, born in 1888, was six when she came by wagon
home, but they spoke English very well with no trace of an accent. with her parents, Andrew and Anna Pelowski, from Winona, Min
They moved to Greenbush, Minnesota, in about 1910. Their sev nesota.
enth child was born in Leota, Minnesota in 1908, and their eighth, Albert was born in Granville, South Dakota in 1891. Two broth
the youngest child was born in 1911 in Greenbush. ers, Joseph and Frank A. also came to northern Minnesota, while
Their children were Arie IV (1892-1945) who married Sarah two brothers and a sister remained in South Dakota.
Black. He' was called Black Arie by the family because he had Albert and Stella had six children: Adelaide 1920 (Paul Carr),
really black hair. Nicklaas (1894-1958) married Ida Olson. Neil Adrian 1922 (Emily Gryskiewicz Kuznia), Ambrose 1926 (Delores
was born in 1896 and died in 1976. Dick was born in 1898 and Mooney), Albin 1926 (Mary, Rachel), Marcella 1928 (Bill Lewis),
died in 1979. Albert (1904-1969) married Myrtle Erickson. Ida and Eugene 1931 (Marlys). Ambrose and Albin were twins which
was born in 1905 and died in 1918. Margaret (1908-199.6) married meant double mischief.
Johnny Anderson. Marie (1911-1995) married Oel Anderson.. Albert, along with August Kukowski, were two of the first in the
Arie IV was in World War I and contracted TB. All the other area to raise sweet clover. It was considered a weed, until they saw
children grew up in the Greenbush area. They moved west ofGreen the price the seed brought. They also raised flax, oats, wheat, cattle,
bush and that is where Dick and Neil lived in later years. All the and later sheep, chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese. Adrian didn't
DeRaad boys were excellent hunters. like the ducks and geese that came to the steps ofthe house to make
Dick ordered a fiddle through the Wards catalog and played for their dirty little deposits.
many bam dances. Marie told the story that she went to the barn 1934 was a tough year for Albert and Stella. First they hailed out,
dance with Dick from 8 p.m. on a Saturday night to 5 a.m. Sunday and in October they lost their house in a fire. They brought in
morning. Dick played every dance and she danced every dance. another house that had been located one-fourth mile to the east. In
Dick played by ear and could not read notes. Nick, Neil, Dick, 1961 they moved near the Greenbush Hospital into the house where
Margaret and Marie remained in the Greenbush area all their lives. Keith Kapphahn lives now.
Submitted by Marlene Anderson Johnson. To show how desperate times were during the thirties, the Great
Depression era, the following stories are offered. One day when
Dock Family Albert was in town he met a young couple with a child who had no
place to go. When he came home, he told Stella about the two
These items of information about the Docks were obtained from young people who were willing to work. She replied that they had
old newspapers. This is' all the information that we could find. plenty of food put up, so if he wanted their help, he should go get
o. K. Dock was one of the eighteen members who organized the them. After they had been there awhile, it came out just how des
Greenbush Cooperative Creamery in April 8, 1905. He was elected perate they were. The young man said, "I had four shells, one for
director of the first creamery board. the wife, one for the kid, and one for me."
The Dock Brothers had an ad to haul fat hogs to market on Octo In another incident, a local man worked all winter for smokes and
ber 22, 1908, and on May 7, 1909, they had another ad for poultry, food. When Stella and Albert bought him an overall jacket for
hides, tallow, etc. Peter Dock to Fergus Falls and stayed in Christmas, he was overjoyed.
the meat business. The fann that Stella's parents homesteaded is back in the family
Karolina, Mrs. K. O. Dock, was born September 26, 1854, in again.
Illinois to Knute and Maria Bekkedahl, who were both born in Nor Submitted by Myrna Sovde. Source.' Adrian Dolney.
The Dolneys Uncle Frank was born October 4, 1872, in Hastings, Minnesota,
and died August 9, 1970, at the Greenbush Nursing Home. Aunt
In 1889, my cousin Ben Dolney came to America and settled in Victoria was born May 30, 1877, in Poland and died November 1,
South Dakota for awhile, but in 1898 he came to Greenbush and 1957, in Greenbush. Uncle Albert was born December 2, 1891, in
settled in Polonia Township. Then in 1916, my Frank and Grenville, South Dakota, and died August 21, 1965, in Greenbush.
Aunt Victoria Dolney and family moved to Township and Aunt Stella was born February 28, 1888, in Winona, Minnesota,
homesteaded. In 1918, my Uncle Albert DQlney came to join his and died March 22, 1978, in Greenbush. All are buried at Blessed
brother in fanniQg, and also bought land in the same township. He Sacranlent Cemet.ery.
married Stella Pelowski in 1919 at St. Aloysius. They had to work Frank Aloysius Dolney, a nephew to Ben and Margaret Dolney,
very hard, for trees had to be felled and the land had to be cleared took over the farm. Ben was born December 8, 1869, in Lubinia,
by hand or horses. Poland and died February 20, 1959, in rural Greenbush. Margaret
In 1927 Ben went to Chicago and married Margaret Cannon, an was born in Ireland on January 20, 1892, and died December 21,
Irish immigrant born in 1892, and brought her back here, and they 1962, in Greenbush. Frank was born July 29, 1915, in Poland and
settled on his homestead. They had no children. died December 1, 1985. All are buried at St. Aloysius Cemetery.
Uncle Frank and Uncle Albert both helped in local happenings My aunts and my grandmother loved their fanlilies and grand
such as township boards, school, church, co-ops, and other projects. children and enjoyed crocheting, knitting, sewing, raising flowers
Most of this was after the Great Depression left a mark on and gardens, making quilts, embroidering, and other crafts and ac
everyone, whether in the rural areas or in town and business. tivities.
In 1921, my grandparents, Joseph and Rosalia Dolney, settled on My grandparents, Rosalia and Joseph Dolney, lived in various
a farm in Barto Township. (Mrs. Elizabeth Wojciechowski lives places in Badger and Greenbush before moving in 1948 to Little
there now.) They had seven children when they came, and five Falls where they stayed until their deaths. While they lived in
more were born to them. Greenbush, my grandfather helped build Blessed Sacrament Church.
When the cattle were put out to graze, my aunts and uncle Anton Their children are Anton, Connie (McFarlane), Mary, Theresa,
had to take turns watching them. My aunts helped with farming, Monica, Josephine, Della, Betty, Philip, Cecelia, Esther (my mother),
caring for the animals, shocking grain, gardening, canning, and Theodore. Later on, my grandfather liked watching TV and
whatever else that had to be done to help the fanlily survive. my grandmother had her geese, ducks, chickens, her garden, and
When they wanted to go visiting or to church in the winter, they'd the grapes that grew around the garage. My grandfather resided at
hitch up a sleigh or wagon with horses and load it with straw and St. Otto's Nursing Home in Little Falls when he died. He was born
blankets and heated stones to keep warm. In the summer, they'd January 29, 1883, in Silver Lake, Minnesota, and died August 31,
waJk to church or to the neighbors to visit. Sometimes it'd be three, 1980. Rosalia Dolney was born February 5, 1887, in Grenville,
five, or more miles to get there. South Dakota, and died August 13, 1982, at St. Gabriel's Hospital.
When they put the cattle out to graze, the older children watched Both are buried at St. Mary's Cemetery in Little Falls.
over them. They had to be careful when watching the bull, as he Submitted by Mary Ann Johnson, Granddaughter and niece ofthe
charged them if he got in an ornery mood, as would a"Cow with a Dolneys.
calf. They'd make a mad dash for safety. They took turns milking
the cows by hand and feeding them. All the families had cattle, Joe and Duray: Families
chickens, ducks, geese, and a big garden. Everyone carried water
for all their needs, from personal to household, to the animals. Joe and Agnes Duray were united in marriage in June 1924. Joe,
They'd go out to find berries to make pies, jams, jellies, and to a widower, brought along five children, Romuld, Victoria, Annie,
can and even eating raw. Everyone pitched in to make the work Adeline, and Rose, ranging in age from twelve years to three years.
lighter and get done faster, from the youngest to the oldest. Agnes brought along two children, Severyn and Bernice, ages seven
They were all members of St. Aloysius Catholic Church of Leo. and three. Two children were born to Joe and Agnes, Andrew in
They had no conveniences that we have today, no cars, radios, or 1925 and Doris in 1927.
televisions until later. This family of eleven made their home on a farm six and a half
In 1927, my Uncle Frank and Aunt Victoria Dolney moved south miles southeast of Greenbush (SW 1/4 Section 30) in Barnett Town
of Greenbush in Hereim Township (Harvey Dallager lives there ship. The farm had been homesteaded by Joe's parents, Joe and
now). In 1938, they had a home built near the airport (Bob Pederson Mary (Wysocka) Duray.
lives there now) and lived there the rest of their lives, until Uncle Joe Duray was previously married to Mary Lasniewski. Agnes
Frank went to stay with his niece, Connie McFarlane, before going Grittner divorced Walter Urbanski (last name later changed to Ervin).
into the nursing home. Uncle Frank loved flowers and 'had a large Walter worked on the pipeline so the family traveled extensively
garden. He sold the produce. He was also a craftsman -who loved including to Oregon and Canada. Daughter, Bernice Borgen, was
making and selling expandable jewelry boxes, sewing boxes, foot born in Redverse, Saskatchewan. Following the divorce, Agnes
stools, lawn swings, and other items. Their children are Sophie, moved back to Greenbush with her parents, Frank and Caroline
Rose, James, Annie, and Theodore. Grittner.
My Uncle Albert and Aunt Stella moved into Greenbush just south After Agnes' mother passed away, Joe and Agnes took her father,
of the hospital (Keith Kapphahn now lives there). Uncle Albert Frank Grittner, into their home and cared for him for six years until
liked to read his papers and watch TV. Aunt Stella enjoyed flowers his death in 1949. Sadly, Agnes passed away from cancer at age 52
and visitors. Their children are Adelaide, Marcella, Albin, Ambrose, in 1952. Joe continued to live on the farm with his daughter Doris,
Adrian and Eugene. Their son, Adrian and his wife, Emily took until his sudden death from a heart attack at age 75 in 1966.
over the farm and now Dale and Mary Kuznia and family farm it. Joe and Agnes' merged family were close knit. Romuld married