模拟八 Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension _30 minutes_ Directions

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模拟八 Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension _30 minutes_ Directions Powered By Docstoc
					                                                 模拟八
                                    Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension
                                              (30 minutes)
Directions:
     This section is designed to test your ability to understand spoken English. You will hear a selection of
recorded materials and you must answer the questions that accompany them. There are THREE parts in this
section, Part A, Part B and Part C.
     Remember, while you are doing the test, you should first put down your answers in your test booklet. At the
end of the listening comprehension section, you will have 5 minutes to transfer all your answers frown your test
booklet to ANSWER SHEET 1.
     If you have any questions, you may raise your hand NOW as you will not be allowed to speak once the test
has started.
     Now look at Part A in your test booklet.
     Part A
     For Questions 1 ~ 5, you will hear Peter's favorite hobbies. While you listen, fill out the table with the
information you have heard. Some of the information has been given to you in the table. Write only 1 word in each
numbered box. You will hear the recording twice. You now have 25 seconds to read the table below.
              Information about Peter's Favorite Hobbies

                                                                                               1.
         Indoor hobby is for the purpose of ______.
                                                                                               2.
         Whom does he enjoy being with for indoor activity?
         Indoor activity helps Peter to keep healthy and ______.                               3.
         His outdoor hobby is ______.
                                                                                               4.
         For outdoor activity, he enjoys classifying ______.
                                                                                               5.
      Part B
      For Questions 6 ~ 10, you will hear a talk. While you listen, complete the sentences and answer the
question. Use not more than 3 words for each answer, you will hear the recording twice. You now have 25 seconds
to read the sentences and the question below.
      6. The topic of this talk is ______.
      7. Busy families like to buy plastic bags because they can ______.
      8. While going grocery shopping, the speaker suggests people should take to grocery store ______.
      9. As a great amount of paper is consumed at work and school, the speaker calls on people to ______.
      10. What's the final proposal put forward by the speaker?
      Part C
      You will hear three dialogues or monologues. Before listening to each one, you will have 5 seconds to read
each of the questions which accompany it. While listening, answer each question by choosing A, B, C or D. After
listening, you will have 10 seconds to check your answer to each question. You will hear each piece ONLY ONCE.
      Questions 11 ~ 13 are based on the following talk. You now have 15 seconds to read Questions 11 ~
13.
       11. Why is American music so popular in all countries?
            A. Because it bas simple themes.
            B. Because the lyrics are in English.
            C. Because it depicts the feelings of the common people.
            D. Because it has a fast pace and rhythmic beat.
     12. What is TRUE of country music?
           A. Its performers are from rural areas of the south U.S.
           B. It depicts the sad feelings of country people.
           C. Its style is influenced by the blues.
           D. It has melodies describing everyday situation of country people.
     13. Which kind of music reflects the difficult lives of American blacks?
           A. Country music.                                     B. The blues.
           C. Rock music.                                        D. Disco music.
      Questions 14 ~ 16 are based on the following talk. You now have 15 seconds to read Questions
14 ~ 16.
     14. The author mentions September 11 to demonstrate
           A. the change of Americans' attitude toward Afghanistan
           B. the necessity for university students to better understand foreign culture
            C. the fact that Afghanistan is affecting Americans' life
           D. the urgency for university students to understand Afghanistan issue
     15. The author believes that today's universities ______.
           A. must give their students a better grasp of' science and foreign culture
           B. should seek to meet the challenge of greater global integration
           C. need to adapt to the challenge of more advanced science
           D. are fully qualified to serve oar society
     16. The best title for this passage would be ______.
           A. Role of Universities                              B. Serving Our Society
           C. Pursuing Diversity                                 D. New Assignment for Universities
     Questions 17 ~ 20 are based on a conversation between a student and his teacher. You now have 20
seconds to read Questions 17 ~ 20.
     17. Why did the man go to see the woman?
           A. To apply for a student loan.
           B. To discuss a decision he has to make.
           C. To ask for a letter of recommendation.
           D. To find out which colleges accepted him.
     18. What concern does the man have about the State University?
           A. The laboratories are not well equipped.
           B. The classes are too large.
           C. It's too expensive,
           D. It's too far away from home.
     19. What does the man consider to be an advantage of White Stone College?
           A. It has a beautiful campus.
           B. Professors regularly publish their results.
           C. It's in an urban setting,
           D. Faculty members interact with students.
     20. What is the man likely to do in the near future?
           A. Investigate borrowing money for college.
           B. Choose a new major.
           C. Accept an internship at the State University.
           D. Look for a job as a biologist.
    You now have 5 minutes to transfer all your answers from your test booklet to ANSWER SHEET 1, That is
the end of Listening Comprehension.
                                             Section Ⅱ Use of English
                                                    (15 minutes)
     Read the following text. Choose the best word for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER
SHEET 1.
     Mr. Smith, a passenger on the transcontinental train, appeared before the judge. A police officer claimed he
had attempted to (21) paying his fare. The defendant refused to consult a lawyer (22) suggested that the
officer (23) aware (24) all the circumstances. He appealed (25) the judge, when interpreting the
evidence, to (26) into account the absence of any (27) criminal record in his (28) His ticket, he said,
was stolen shortly before the train crossed the international (29) . At that time and in that territory he was
unwilling to (30) the incident to the local railway authorities or cancel the (31) of his journey, in (32)
of the severe maltreatment to which he might be (33) He emphasized his readiness to (34) any (35)
punishment the judge imposed.
     In his summary the (36) indicated he was convinced that Smith's (37) was partly justified. Technically,
(38) , he had committed an offence. Crime must not be encouraged or the processes of the law interfered
(39) . He found Smith (40) and fined him one dollar.
       21. A. avoid                  B. reject                 C. refuse                  D. neglect
       22. A. who                  B. while                  C. and                     D. because
       23. A. should not be       B. would not be         C. was not                D. were not
       24. A. about                  B. would not be        C. with                     D. of
       25. A. for                   B. to                      C. against                D. towards
       26. A. take                  B. get                    C. make                     D. keep
       27. A. primitive             B. precious               C. previous                D. precise
       28. A. situation             B. accident              C. condition              D. case
       29. A. borders               B. edges                  C. sides                   D. ranges
       30. A. propose               B. mention               C. suggest                 D. complain
       31. A. last                   B. rest                  C. most                    D. latest
       32. A. view                   B. spite                 C. case                     D. relation
       33. A. objected              B. accused              C. charged                 D. exposed
       34. A. receive               B. accept                C. admit                   D. acquire
     35. A. regular               B. respective           C. reasonable              D. relative
     36. A. passenger             B. judge                   C. officer                 D. author
     37. A. suggestion            B. cause                  C. reason                 D. excuse
     38. A. therefore              B. moreover              C. otherwise               D. however
       39. A. in                   B. with                  C. of                     D. for
     40. A. guilty                 B. sorry                  C. crazy                    D. rude
                                       Section Ⅲ Reading Comprehension
                                                    (60 minutes)
Part A
     Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your
answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.
                                                      Text 1
     The study of social science is more than the study of the individual social sciences. Although it is true that to
be a good social scientist you must know each of those components, you must also know how they interrelate. By
specializing too early, many social scientists can lose sight of the interrelationships that are so essential to
understanding modern problems. That's why it is necessary to have a course coveting all the social sciences. In
fact, it would not surprise me if one day a news story such as the one above should appear.
      The preceding passage placed you in the future. To understand how and when social science broke up, you
must go into the past. Imagine for a moment that you're a student in 1062, in the Italian city of Bologna, site of
one of the first major universities in the Western world. The university has no buildings. It consists merely of a
few professors and students. There is no tuition fee. At the end of a professor's lecture, if you like it, you pay. And
if you don't like it, the professor finds himself without students and without money. If we go back still earlier,
say to Greece in the 6th century B. C. , we can see the philosopher Socrates walking around the streets of Athens,
arguing with his companions. He asks them questions, and then other questions, leading these people to reason the
way he wants them to reason (this became known as the Socratic method).
      Times have changed since then; universities sprang up throughout the world and created colleges within the
universities. Oxford, one of the first universities, now has thirty colleges associated with it, and the development
and formalization of educational institutions has changed the roles of both students and faculty. As knowledge
accumulated, it became more and more difficult for one person to learn, let alone retain, it all. In the 16th century
one could still aspire to know all there was to know, and the definition of the Renaissance Man ( people were even
more sexist then than they are now) was of one who was expected to know about everything.
      Unfortunately, at least for someone who wants to know everything, the amount of information continues to
grow exponentially while the size of the brain has grown only slightly. The way to deal with the problem is not to
try to know everything about everything. Today we must specialize. That is why social science separated from the
natural sciences and why it, in turn, has been broken down into various subfields, such as anthropology and
sociology.
         41. What is the main idea of this text?
               A. Social science is unified.
               B. Social science is a newborn science.
               C. What is social science.
               D. Specialization in social science is not good.
         42. What can we learn from Paragraph 2?
               A. Socrates can be regarded as the first social scientist in the Western world.
               B. The universities in Italy have no buildings.
               C. Socrates created the "Socratic method".
               D. Greece is not as civilized as Italy.
         43. Why does the author say "people were even more sexist then than they are now"?
               A. Because they are so covetous that they want to know all there was to know.
               B. Because it is the Renaissance "Man", not Renaissance "Woman" or" Human".
               C. Because no woman was formally educated at that time.
               D. Because all Renaissance men were men.
         44. What does the underlined word "exponentially" mean in the last paragraph?
              A. Promisingly.                                       B. Continuously.
              C. Drastically.                                    D. Rapidly.
         45. We can infer from the text that ______.
              A. social science is a united science, and cannot be divided into subfields
              B. social science may be further divided into smaller parts as the amount of knowledge and
information expanding
              C. there may be a Renaissance Man in the future
              D. the best way to deal with the expansion of information is to know everything
                                                        Text 2
      Volcanic fire and glacial ice are natural enemies. Eruptions at glaciated volcanoes typically destroy ice fields,
as they did in 1980 when 70% of Mount Saint Helens ice cover was demolished. During long dormant intervals,
glaciers gain the upper hand cutting deeply into volcanic cones and eventually reducing them to rabble. Only
rarely do these competing forces of heat and cold operate in perfect balance to create a phenomenon such as the
steam caves at Mount Rainier National Park.
       Located inside Rainier's two ice-filled summit craters, these caves form a labyrinth of tunnels and vaulted
chambers about one and one-half miles in total length. Their creation depends on an unusual combination of
factors that nature almost never brings together in one place. The cave making recipe calls for a steady emission
of volcanic gas and heat, a heavy annual snowfall at an elevation high enough to keep it from melting during the
summer, and a bowl-shaped crater to hold the snow.
       Snow accumulating yearly in Rainier's summit craters is compacted and compressed into a dense form of ice
called firn, a substance midway between ordinary ice and the denser crystalline ice that makes up glaciers. Heat
rising from numerous openings (called fumaroles) along the inner crater walls melts out chambers between the
rocky walls and the overlying ice pack. Circulating currents of warm air then melt additional opening in the firn
ice, eventually connecting the individual chambers and, in the larger of Rainier's two craters, forming a
continuous passageway that extends two-thirds of the way around the crater's interior.
       To maintain the cave system, the elements of fire under ice must remain in equilibrium. Enough snow must
fill the crater each year to replace that melted from below. If too much volcanic heat is discharged, the crater's ice
pack will melt away entirely and the caves will vanish along with the snow of yesteryear. If too little heat is
produced, the ice, replenished annually by winter snowstorms, will expand, pushing against the enclosing crater
walls and smothering the present caverns in solid firn ice.
        46. What topic is the passage mainly concerned with?
              A. The importance of snowfall for Mount Rainier.
              B. The steam caves of Mount Rainier.
              C. How ice covers are destroyed.
              D. The eruption of Mount Saint Helens in 1980,
        47. According to the passage, long periods of volcanic inactivity can lead to a volcanic cone's ______.
              A. strongest eruption                              B. sudden growth
              C. destruction                                    D. unpredictability
        48. Paragraph 2 mentions all of the following as necessary elements in the creation of steam caves EXCEPT
______.
               A. a glacier                                          B. a crater
              C. heat                                               D. snow
       49. According to the passage, heat from Mount Rainier's summit craters rises from ______.
              A. crystalline ice                                  B. rims
              C. chambers                                          D. fumaroles
       50. In the last paragraph, "smothering" the present caverns means that they would be ______.
              A. eliminated                                       B. enlarged
              C. prevented                                         D. hollowed
                                                        Text 3
       High-speed Internet provider At Home Corp. is buying Excite Inc. , one of the leading destinations on the
World Wide Web, for about $6.7 billion in stock in one of the largest Internet company deals. The deal announced
today would surpass America Online Inc. 's $4.2 billion acquisition of Netscape Communications Corp. last year.
Based on closing stock prices Friday, Excite is worth about $ 3.4 billion, which would mean that At Home would
be paying a huge premium. The deal could eventually give telecommunications giant AT&T Corp. control of one
of the highly sought after portals that serve as entry points onto the Internet.
       At Home is owned by Tele-Communications Inc. , Cox Communications and several other investors. TCI is
in the process of merging with AT&T Corp. in a $39 billion deal that is expected to be completed by spring. AT&T
Corp. chief executive Michael Armstrong has stated he wants to use At Home as a conduit tor delivering a wide
range of communications services, including electronic commerce. Control over Excite, which has a search engine
and links to several online shopping sites, would certainly enhance that goal. Excite, which has lagged behind
other Web site companies, such as Yahoo!, has been looking for a larger partner in the rapidly consolidating
Internet portal market, especially in wake of the AOL-Netscape deal. Several other companies had been rumored
to be interested in Excite, including Yahoo! Inc. and Microsoft Corp. Negotiations between Yahoo! and Excite
broke off this weekend, according to published reports.
     Excite, eager to extend its reach and market power, was attracted by an alliance with AT&T and TCI. Excite's
shareholders are expected to own about 30% of the combined company, which would be known as At Home
Networks. Excite chief executive George Bell would take a position on the new company's executive board,
reporting to At Home chief executive Tom Jermoluk. At Home, which delivers high-speed Internet service over
cable TV lines, has more than 330,000 customers. The deal would give it access to Excite's more than 20 million
registered users and to the company's content development capabilities. Both companies are located in Redwood
City, Calif. At Home, whose stock has risen nearly 300% over the past year, has the money to make a deal,
Michael Harris, president of Kinetic Strategies Inc. told MSNBC. "With At Home's existing stock valuation (of
about $11.7 billion), it's been surprising they haven't done more deals. They've certainly got a huge war chest built
up."
     Neither company has yet made a profit. In the three months ended Sep. 30, Excite lost $6.8 million on
revenue of $44 million, including acquisition and amortization expenses. In the same period, At Home lost $9.7
million.
       51. Why does At Home want to buy Excite?
            A. Because Tom Jermoluk wants to control his strongest competitor.
            B. Because it wants to expand its business through Excite's present resources.
            C. Because both companies are based in Redwood City, California.
            D. Because it has lost $9.7 million in the last three months.
       52. Before the At Home-Excite deal, Excite had attempted a deal with ______.
            A. TCI                    B. AT&T                    C. AOL                D. Yahoo!
       53. How does AT&T fit into the picture of the At Home-Excite deal?
            A. Excite has been dealing with AT&T for some time.
            B. AT&T and At Home has been running At Home Networks jointly.
            C. AT&T is about to ally with TCI, the owner of At Home.
            D. AT&T runs Internet, of which Excite is an important user.
       54. Excite is eager to join such powerful companies as AT&T and TCI because ______.
            A. it is at a competitive disadvantage in the Internet market
            B. it expects to expand its shareholding over AT&T and TCI
            C. it wishes to expand its coverage of online shopping sites
            D. it is about to go bankrupt and has to sell itself
       55. From what he said at the end of Paragraph 3, we can conclude that Michael Harris ______.
            A. was surprised at the At Home-Excite deal
            B. was not satisfied with the At Home-Excite deal
            C. accused At Home of accumulating its wealth from wars
            D. considered the At Home-Excite deal desirable to At Home
                                                        Text 4
     Bank of America, holding company for the San Francisco-based Bank of America, was once unchallenged as
the nation's biggest banking organization. At its peak, it had more branches in California -- 1,100 -- than the U.S.
Postal Service. It was also a highly profitable enterprise. But since 1980, Bank of America's earnings have been
down or flat. From March 1985 to March 1986, for example, earnings per share dropped 50. 8%. Samuel H.
Armacost, president and CEO, has confessed that he doesn't expect a turnaround soon.
      Some of Bank of America's old magic seems to have rubbed off on New York's Citibank, perennial rival for
top banking honors. Thanks to aggressive growth policies, Citicorp's assets topped Bank of America's for the
first time in 1983 and by a healthy margin. Citibank has also been generating profits at a fast clip, enabling it to
spend lavishly on campaigns to enter new markets -- notably Bank of America's turf in California.
      The bad times Bank of America is currently facing are partly the result of the good times the bank enjoyed
earlier. Based in a large and populous state and operating in a regulated environment, Bank of America thrived.
Before deregulation, banks could not compete by offering savers a higher return, so they competed with
convenience. With a branch at every crossroads, Bank of America was able to attract 40% of the California
deposit market -- a source of high earnings when the legal maximum payable to depositors was much lower than
the interest on loans.
        The progressive deregulation of banking forced Bank of America to fight for its customers by offering them
competitive rates. But how could this mammoth bureaucracy, with its expensive overhead, offer rates as
attractive as its loaner competitors? Pruning the establishment was foremost in the minds of Bank of America
policymakers. But cutbacks have proceeded slowly. Although the bank is planning to consolidate by offering full
services only in key branches, so far only about 40 branches have been closed. Cutbacks through attrition have
reduced the work force from 83,000 to fewer than 73,000; wholesale layoffs, it seems, would not fit the tradition
of the organization. And they would intensify the morale problems that already threaten the institution.
        56. According to the passage, New York's Citibank ______.
             A. is a dark horse in the field of banking
             B. has been growing in a moderate way
             C. has been making efforts to conquer the markets of Bank of America
             D. has more branches than Bank of America now
        57. Which of the following is NOT the reason for which Bank of America thrived?
             A. It's turf -- California was a state with a large number of population.
             B. The economic environment that was controlled by the government.
             C. Its deposit rate was higher than that of other banks.
             D. Its large amount of branches.
        58. The phrase "mammoth bureaucracy" in Paragraph 4 refers to ______.
             A. its expensive overhead                            B. its large amount of branches
             C. its long history                                     D. corruption of its leaders
        59. Now the most important factor for a bank to win in competition seems to be ______.
             A. higher deposit rate                              B. flexibility of capital
             C. high banking honors                                D. support of the government
        60. Which of the following conclusions can't be drawn from the passage?
             A. The U. S. Postal Service had less than 1,100 branches in California a few decades before.
             B. The profit of the Bank of America has been reducing since the 1980s.
             C. The prospect of the Bank of America is not quite promising.
             D. Moral problem is also a factor that leads to the decline of the Bank of America.
      Part B
      Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments into Chinese. Your translation
should be written clearly on ANSWER SHEET 2.
      In some countries, societal and familial treatment of the elderly usually reflects a great degree of
independence and individualism. 61) Their financial support is often provided by social security of welfare
systems, which decrease dependence on their family. Additionally, older people may seek their own friends rather
than become too emotionally dependent on their children. Senior citizens centers provide a means for
peer-group association within one's own age groups. There are problems, however, with growing old in the United
States. 62) Glorification of youth and indifference to the aged have left many older people alienated and alone.
      Some families send their older relatives to nursing homes rather than integrate them into the homes of the
children or grandchildren. This separation of the elderly from the young has contributed to the isolation of an
increasingly large segment of society. 63) On the other hand, there are many older people who choose to live in
retirement communities where they have the companionship of other older people and the convenience of many
recreational and social activities close to home.
      The treatment of the elderly can be further understood by distinguishing between nuclear and extended
family structures. In the United States the nuclear family, which consists of the father, the mother, and the children,
is considered "the family". The extended family, common in other cultures, includes grandparents, aunts, uncles,
cousins, nephews, nieces, and in-laws. The distinction between the nuclear and extended family is important
because it suggests the extent of family ties and obligations. In extended families the children and parents have
strong ties and obligations to relatives. It is common in these families to support older family members to have
intensive contact with relatives, and to establish communal housing.
      The American nuclear family usually has its own separate residence and is economically independent of
other family members. 64) Relatives are still considered "family" but are often outside the basic obligations that
people have to their immediate families. When couples marry, they are expected to live independently of their
parents and become "heads of households" when they have children. 65) It is not unusual in times of financial
need for nuclear family members to borrow money from a bank rather than from relatives. Grandparents, aunts,
uncles, and cousins, then, are not directly involved in the same way as they would be in an extended family
structure.
                                                 Section Ⅳ Writing
                                                     (35 minutes)
      66. Technology brought great convenience to our lives yet it also created multiple social problems. What do
you think about technology? Please write about your opinion. Give two or three examples to illustrate your point.
      You should write 160 - 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.

答案:

                                                       模拟八
      Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension
      Part A
      1. health            2. Friends.           3. good                 4. bird-watching    5. birds
      Part B
      6. Act Green                                       7. save their time
      8. with their bags                               9. recycle paper
      10. Plant trees.
      Part C
       11. D       12. D          13. B              14. D                     15. A
       16. A             17. B              18. B               19. D              20. A
      Part A
      Questions 1 ~ 5:
      W: Hi, Peter, what do you do in your free time? What hobbies do you have?
      M: Well, I have a lot of hobbies. I like to read, and I like to work on computers. Probably my two favorites
are going to the gym and bird-watching. They're both two hobbies that balance each other well because one is
inside and one is outside, so it doesn't matter what the weather is like, I can always do one.
       W: And what do you enjoy most for each activity?
       M: Well, when I go to the gym, I usually go in the morning. So when I do, it makes the rest of the day feel
much better. I feel healthy and good, and I also have a lot of friends at the gym, so I enjoy being with them.
Bird-watching is the most relaxing thing I do during my week. I enjoy classifying birds, and I keep lists and
compile lists of where I've seen the birds and what birds I've seen.
       W: How long do you spend on each activity?
       M: When I go to the gym, I try to go for an hour and a half or two hours. I try to go about four times a week.
And bird-watching, I try to always go twice a week when I can and I try to spend at least three or four hours when
I do that.
      Part B
      Questions 6 ~ 10:
      Good evening, ladies and gentlemen, and welcome. I'm sure we have all heard the expression "Think
Green". Tonight we are going to talk about ways that we can "Act Green" in our everyday lives.
      The best place to start, of course, is in the home. Every day, people all over the world are hurting the
environment without even knowing it. For example, busy families buy paper napkins and plastic food wrap at the
supermarket. This helps them save time on housework, but after these things have been used, what happens to
them? They are thrown away. What can we do about this?
      Well, we can start by using cloth napkins and cloth towels instead of paper towels. When we go grocery
shopping, we can choose products that are not too packaged. We should also take our own bags to the grocery
store to carry filings home in.
      How about in the community? At work and school, we use one valuable item every day, paper. Of course, we
need paper to do our work, but how much do we waste? Get your school or office to recycle paper. Perhaps, the
most important thing we should do is to ask our schools to teach recycling 'to young children. We should teach
them to be careful; we should teach them not to litter. We should also teach them by being good role models and
recycling as much as we can every day. Finally, plant trees. Plant a tree, each person, each year.
      Part C
      Questions 11 ~ 13:
      One of America's most important exports is her modem music. American music is alive all over the world. It
is enjoyed by the people of all ages in all countries. Although the lyrics are in English, people not speaking
English enjoy it. The reasons for its popularity are its fast pace and rhythmic beat.
      Music has many origins in the United States. Country music which comes from the rural areas in the southern
United States is one source. Country music features simple themes and melodies describing day-to-day situations
and the feelings of country people. Many people appreciate this music because of the emotions expressed by
country music songs.
      The second origin of American popular music is the blues. It depicts mostly sad feelings reflecting the
difficult lives of American blacks. It is usually played and sung by black musicians, but it is popular with all
Americans.
      Rock music is a newer form of music. This music style, featuring fast and repetitious rhythms, was
influenced by the blues and the country music. It was first known as rock-and-roll in the 1950s. Since then there
have been many forms of rock music: hard rock, soft rock, disco music and others. Many performers of popular
music are young musicians.
      American popular music is marketed to a demanding audience. Now popular songs are heard on the radio
several times a day. Some songs have become popular all over the world. People hear these songs sung in their
original English or sometimes translated into other languages. The words may differ but the enjoyment of the
music is universal.
      Questions 14 ~ 16:
      In this century, the wealth and success of nations will depend like never before on the ability to produce and
use knowledge. Universities have long been instrumental in generating knowledge and ideas. But in an
increasingly globalized world, and in the face of rapid scientific change, they will need to think about a set of new
challenges and how to best prepare their students for the coming decades.
      It will be vital, as never before, for university graduates to have a grasp of foreign cultures and global issues.
Before September 11,2001, if you had asked the average American to name a remote country that matters little to
the United States, the response might well have been Afghanistan. Today, it is clear that no country is so remote
that it cannot affect our way of life. Universities, especially in the United States, will need to evolve to reflect the
reality of interdependence, to educate more foreign students, to send more of their students abroad and to
incorporate international perspectives in every area of study.
      Universities will need to teach a new kind of literacy, defined not only by global awareness. They also need
to grapple with the dilemmas posed by the accelerating pace of change brought on by scientific and technological
advances. We are on the brink of once-in-human-history progress in combating disease through the application of
modem science. Doctors will have at their disposal blood tests that will tell you with substantial predictive power
how long you will live and from what diseases you are likely to suffer. The Internet and the application of
information technology may well represent the most profound change in the way knowledge is disseminated since
the printing press. We are close to understanding the first second of the history of the cosmos.
      Beyond their contribution to scientific progress, universities are uniquely suited to grapple with the important
ethical questions raised by modem science. This means that those who wish to be educated members of our
society will need to understand something of science and technology. It may once have been acutely embarrassing
to not know the names of five plays by Shakespeare, but acceptable to not know the difference between a gene
and a chromosome. This can no longer be the case. Institutions of higher learning have begun adapting to this
reality, but they still have a long way to go.
      Questions 17 ~ 20:
        W: Hello, John, you must be pleased. After all, how many students are lucky enough to be accepted at their
first and second choices?
        M: Not many I know. But I am not sure yet which one to choose.
        W: You seem to have doubts about the State University. But its biology department has good facilities all
the biology majors want.
      M: Yeah. They aim have internship for seniors. But a friend told me that for the first two years some lectures
had a hundred and fifty students. You probably wouldn't get to know any of your teachers.
      W: Well, you might actually because those classes also have small discussion sections twice a week which
have no more than twenty students.
      M: I know. But I've heard they were usually taught by graduate students. At White Stone College all classes
are taught by professors.
      W: What about studying? Do you prefer a small town like White Stone or a bigger place like the state
capital?
      M: That doesn't matter to me. What I do care about is getting individual attention from the faculty and
making friends.
      W: Look, I've known you for four years now, and you seem to be a pretty out-going person. I don't think
yon'Il have any trouble making friends at State University. It sounds to me like you are leaning toward White
Stone though.
      M: I am. The only problem is that the white Stone's tuition fee is really high and I'm not sure I can afford it.
      W: You could still apply for a student loan or sign up for a work-study program.
     M: yeah, I think I'll look into that.
             Section Ⅱ Use of English
       21.A[解析] 从结构上看,avoid 后要求接名词或动名词;从语义上看,avoid paying the fare=evade
                 意为            ,
paying the fare, “逃票” 因此 avoid 符合题意。                                          意为         ;
                                                     reject= refuse to accept, “不采纳” refuse to do sth.   意
                            ;
为“拒绝、不肯做某事” neglect=pay no attention to,意为“疏忽”                          。从结构搭配和语义搭配上看, reject、
refuse 和 neglect 均不合题意。
     22.C[解析] 从结构上分析,前后文并无因果关系,while 和 because 均不合意题。 who 和 and 虽与句
子结构相符,但从上下文逻辑意思上看,应选 C 项。
     23.C[解析] 根据上下文可知,句中 suggested 意为“提出”                            ,而不是“建议”        ,是普通的及物动词,其
后的宾语从句中谓语要用陈述语气,应用 was not。故正确答案为 C 项。
     24.D[解析] be aware of 意为“意识到、觉察到”                    ,是固定搭配。
     25.B[解析] appeal to sb.=make an earnest request,意为“恳求”               ,其他介词无法与 appeal 搭配。
                          .
     26.A[解析] take..into account 意为“考虑到”                 ,是固定搭配。
       27.C[解析] primitive 意为“原始的”              ;precious 意为“珍贵的”          ;previous 意为“以前的,早先的”          ;
precise 意为“精确的”          。这些词由于形似,很易混淆,要注意上下文中的语义搭配。
     28.D[解析] case 在此处意为“案件”                  ,其他选项均不合题意。
     29.A[解析] border 意为“边界”                ;edge 意为“边缘”                               ;
                                                              ;side 意为“边,方面” range 意为“范围”                。
根据上下文的语义联系,此处讲的是国界,应选 A。
     30.B[解析] propose 意为“提出”               ;mention=make a reference to,意为“提起,提到”        ;suggest 意为“提
议”  ;complain 意为“抱怨”            。
     31.B[解析] 根据上下文的逻辑意思,此处应填 rest,the rest of his journey 意为“他剩余的旅程。                                 ”
     32.A[解析] in view of=considering,意为“鉴于, 由于”                     ;in spite of 意为“不顾,不管”     ;in case of
意为“如果发生”           ;in relation of 无此搭配。根据上下文,A 为正确答案。
     33.D[解析] be exposed to sth.意为“面临……”                 ,从结构搭配和语义搭配看,应选 D。其他选项均与
题意不符。
     34.B[解析] receive 意为“收到”               ;accept 意为“接受”       ;admit 意为“承认,允许进入”          ;acquire 意为
“获得”     。根据上下文含义,应选 B。
     35.C[解析] regular 意为“有规律的”               ;respective 意为“各自的”         ;reasonable 意为“合情理的”     ;relative
意为“相关的,相对的”                 。根据上下文可知,Smith 愿接受合理的惩罚。因此 C 符合题意。
     36.B[解析] 从上下文的逻辑意思看,此题应填 judge“法官”                                 ,本题考查的是逻辑搭配。
     37.C[解析] A 项与题意相去甚远,首先排除。cause(of)意为“……的缘故,起因 (相对后果而言)”                                             ;
reason(for)意为“解释某事的原因或理由”                    ;excuse 意为“借口”        。根据上下文可知,法官接受了 Smith 的解
释,因此选 C。
     38.D[解析] however 是过渡词,表示上下文意思的转折。考生在选择过渡词时,必须理解文章上下文
的逻辑联系。此处应选 D。
     39.B[解析] interfere with 意为“妨碍,打扰”                ;interfere in 意为“干涉,干预”          。根据句意,此处应选
B。C 项和 D 项无法与 interfere 搭配。
     40.A[解析] 从文章的逻辑意思上看,Smith 是“有罪的”                              ,故应选 guilty。
     Section Ⅲ Reading Comprehension
     Part A
     41.  A[解析] 文章第一句即为题旨所在: study of social science is more than the study of the individual
                                                The
social sciences.
       42.C[解析] Socratic method 以苏格拉底的名字命名,并且为他首先使用。他是 Socratic method 无可
争议的创始人。其他选项的表述都不准确。
     43.B[解析] 在西方的女权主义兴起之时,这类名词都曾受到挑战。最为大家熟知的,就是 Ms.这一
称谓的诞生。且作者把这句话放在括号中,很明显只是针对前文进行解释说明。因此选 B 项。
     44.D[解析] exponentially 的本意为“指数地”                 。而“呈指数倍增长”是指极快速的增长。因此这里的
exponentially 与 rapidly“快速地”意思相同。
     45.B[解析] 通观全文可知,随着知识与信息的发展,社会科学的分科正在向着更细、更专业的方向
发展。A 项与文意相反,C 项和 D 项与文章相去甚远。所以选 B。
     46.B[解析] 文章说明了 the steam caves of Mount Rainier 形成的特殊情况以及天气和地理条件,这是
文章的主旨所在。因此选 B 项。
     47.C[解析] 根据第一段第三句可知,一般情况下,长期的火山休眠可能导致火山最终碎裂。因此选
C 项。
     48.A[解析] The steam caves 的形成需要热和雪在火山坑处形成的独特平衡,三者缺一不可,且要适
量。A 项太笼统。
     49.D[解析] 第三段中的 Heat rising from numerous openings(called fumaroles)明确给出了本题答案。
     50.A[解析] 结合语境可知,此处指的是冰会将坑洞填平,即消除坑洞。因此选 A。根据词义也可推
断,smother in 表示“覆盖,掩盖”               。因此选 A。
     51.B[解析] 根据第三段第三、四句,At Home 现有 33 万用户,与 Excite 的交易可以使其获得 Excite
公司 2000 多万网上用户;以及该公司的目录开发能力。另一方面,Excite 认识到自己已落后于像 Yahoo!
这样的公司,想寻找强大的伙伴,在网址管理公司目前的兼并潮中站稳脚跟。
     52.D[解析] 根据第二段第六、七句,传闻有几家公司对 Excite 感兴趣,包括 Yahoo!和 Microsoft,但
根据报道,本周末 Yahoo!和 Excite 的谈判最终以失败告终。
     53.C[解析] 根据第二段第一、第二句,At Home 是 TCI、Cox Communications 和其他几家投资者组
建的公司,且 TCI 正在准备与 AT&T 合并。而第三段第二句谈到,At Home Networks 是购买 Excite 后打算
组建的新公司的名称。由此可知 C 为正确答案。
     54.A[解析] 第二段第五句提到,Excite 已落后于像 Yahoo!这样的网络公司,所以正在寻找一个更强
大的合作伙伴;第三段第一句提到,因为 Excite 急于想扩大规模,扩展市场能力,很热衷于同 AT&T 和
TCI 的联合。
     55.D[解析] 第三段 Michael Harris 评价道,在过去一年中,At Home 的股份上升了近 300%,有足够
的实力成效。按 At Home 现有的股票估价,它没有做更多的类似交易实在令人费解,他们肯定积累了足够
的资金。可见,Harris 先生认为 At Home 不仅应该做这次买卖,还应该做更多类似的买卖。
      56.C[解析] 文中表述纽约花旗银行是 perennial(长期的)rival for top banking honors,A 项中 a dark
horse 错误。从第二段中了 Thanks to aggressive growth policies 可知,B 项中的 moderate 错误。D 选项文中
未提及。而选项 C 可由第二段最后一句推出。
     57. C[解析] 选项 A、 D 都可在第三段中直接看出或推出,
                           B、                                而根据第三段 Before deregulation, banks
could not compete by offering savers a higher return 可知,C 项有较高的存款利率是不可能的。
     58.B[解析] 上文中指出,美国银行目前面临困境的原因也就是它过去成功的原因,而它成功是由于
有庞大的分支机构来提供便利,因此,面临困难的原因也包括过多的分支机构。
     59.A[解析] 从最后一段第一句可知,利率在当前竞争中最为重要,所以选 A。至于 B 项“资金流动
   ,C                   ,D
性” 项“良好声誉” 项“政府支持”可能也是因素之一,但并非主要因素。
     60. B[解析] 选项 A、 D 均可从文章中推出,
                          C、                         而从第一段中的 But since 1980 Bank of America's earnings
have been down or flat,可知收益虽无上升,但也不总是下降的,因此 B 项不对。
     Part B
     61.社会保险体系或者福利体系往往为他们提供经济上的支持,这使他们减少了对家庭的依赖性。
     62.(美国社会)对青年人的推崇和对老年人的漠不关心使得很多老年人疏离人群,倍感孤单。
     63.另一方面,很多老年人更愿意在退休者社区居住,因为在那里有很多其他的老年人做伴,还能到
离家很近的地方去参加娱乐活动和社会活动,非常方便。
     64. 亲戚们一般也被当作家庭成员,但是他们往往不用承担人们对于自己的直系亲属所应承担的责
任和义务。
     65.核心家庭的成员在急需资金的时候往往去银行贷款,而不是向亲戚们借钱,这种情况并不少见。
                   Section Ⅳ Writing
      66.
     The 20th century saw many great inventions, such as airplanes, motion pictures, television, telephone,
computer, the Internet, to list just a few. Each of these inventions hears witness to the amazing advancements in
technology in the past century. These inventions made our lives much easier and much more enjoyable.
     However, progress in technology is always a double-edged sword. People invented pesticides to kill pests but
pesticides can pollute the environment by entering the water supplies and harming birds that eat the dead insects.
Cellphone has greatly facilitated Communication yet it has been proved that it poses danger to users' health.
What's more, cell phones often go off during movies, concerts, classes, meetings, and libraries and create public
nuisance. Automobiles have become an indispensable tool to the modern man but they consume great amounts of
fuel, and create enormous environmental problems. Also, many people are killed in car accidents every year.
Internet links tens of millions of people around the world but people are so addicted to the Internet today that they
don't go out and do exercises.
      In a word, technology can be put to good use only when it's used properly. People often find it hard to
balance the convenience brought by modern technology and its potentially harmful effects. I believe the average
people should be educated about the potential harm of technology and should always use it with a mind to
promoting the teamwork spirit.

				
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