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									        NIST Initiative on the U.S. Measurement System (USMS)

   Roadmapping America’s Measurement Needs
      for a Stronger Innovation Infrastructure

            A Private-Public Initiative for the Future

                                     Tim Drapela
                             Optoelectronics Division
                  National Institute of Standards and Technology

                                  July 13, 2005                                 (303) 497-5858
            NIST’s Mission

To develop and promote measurement,
 standards, and technology to enhance
productivity, facilitate trade, and improve
             the quality of life.

    Consider the US “measurement system”

The USMS comprises the methods, instruments, entities,
institutions, and standards – both physical and
documentary – involved in measurements

USMS stakeholders include…
• Customers / potential customers for, and
providers of, measurement improvements/services

• Major associations representing many
measurement customers

• Decision makers guiding priorities and resources

      Economic returns for measurements

Measurement cost is often significant

• ~50% of the cost of specialty optical fiber is attributed to

• ~15% of semiconductor fabrication equipment cost is
related to measurement

• Lack of traceable measurements add to these costs
   • Expanded in-house metrology costs
   • Transaction costs (additional cost of dealing with customers and

                      The problem

• The USMS has become so broad, diverse, and
disaggregated that it lacks an organizing coordinating element
that makes it a system

• Contrast with EU: countries and regional blocs creating
more coherent, centralized systems with competitive

   How do we effectively address current needs and
   anticipate new needs??

       NIST’s proposed solution

Create a strong private-public
partnership that identifies America’s
measurement needs and strengthens
the U.S. infrastructure for innovation

               NIST USMS initiative

 Working with others, NIST will
 • Develop and publish a USMS “roadmap” on a regular
     a forward-looking “strategic plan” report to
      customers and stakeholders
     describes what needs to be done, whether by
      NIST or others, to address the needs of the USMS
     describes the consequences of not meeting those
Participants should include all private- and public-sector
  entities with a stake in a strong, responsive, and forward-
  looking USMS
 Information gathering is critical to success

1. Hold a series of workshops that…
• Are publicly announced
• Seek broad customer and stakeholder participation
• Solicit written or oral input from USMS customers
   and stakeholders
• Rely on USMS customers as primary speakers
• Summarize results in 3-5 page reports
• Take place on an ongoing basis
• Cover a wide range of USMS topics

2. Obtain inputs from existing industry roadmaps

                 Outputs & benefits

• NIST will regularly report on the state of the USMS to
  customers and stakeholders

• The report will state the strategic challenges
    Identify systemic gaps or weaknesses in the USMS (both
     measurement science and documentary standards)
    allow issues to be anticipated earlier
    frame a more coordinated response
    provide USMS participants a larger strategic context for what
     they do, both individually and together
    Articulate the consequences of not acting


Public launch                                   April 2005
Collect and analyze customer and stakeholder    Now through early 2006
information                                     and ongoing
Finalize agenda for USMS summit                 ~November 2005
Convene USMS summit                             early 2006
Release interim report on USMS summit           February/March 2006
Conduct post-summit workshops                   Through May 2006
Release assessment of USMS needs                July 2006
Develop plans to address critical needs         October 2006
Publish USMS roadmap                            December 2006
Report to the Nation on the state of the USMS   January 2007
Monitor and report on progress                  Ongoing
Update roadmap                                  Ongoing
Repeat overall process                          Every 4 years

                Why Broadband Telecom?

• In this, the “information age,” the U.S. must maintain a
leadership role in deployment and access
   • Not doing so  profound negative impact on U.S. competitiveness in
   global markets, not to mention “quality of life” issues, job creation, etc.

• Wide-ranging measurement issues spanning multiple
technologies & markets – a perfect fit for NIST USMS efforts

• Critical enabling technology:
   • For the U.S. economy
   • For national defense & homeland security
   • For myriad other technologies & industries

                              Why TIA?

All players – government, private sector and consumers – should
participate in the formulation of broadband policy.
                                             “Industry Playbook,” TIA, 2004

Advances in telecommunications dramatically transform the way people
live, work, learn, communicate and conduct business, and long-term
research is essential to insure that these transformations serve human
needs, are productive for society and sustainable over the long term.
. . . the leadership position of the United States in this vital area is waning,
threatening our country with potential innovation declines.
                    “Investing in Telecom for Tomorrow’s Innovations: The Case for
                      Increased Telecommunications Research Funding,” TIA, 2005

               TIA plays a leadership role

• TIA represents virtually ALL key telecom stakeholders

• TIA provides valuable services:
   • As a standards-development organization, TIA and its members are the
   correct stakeholders to examine telecom measurement issues, needs,
   gaps, etc.

   • As an advocate for U.S. Telecom policy, TIA can provide the right
   framework for understanding measurement impacts within broader policy

USMS participation can better align NIST with telecom-industry
measurement needs

      USMS Broadband Telecom Workshop

     Metrology Supporting Broadband Telecommunications
                   Access and Transport
The telecommunications industry is a significant and growing market in the U.S.
economy, as well as a critical enabling technology for a wide range of industries.
In 2004 President Bush called for universal broadband access by 2007 for all
Americans. The broadband industry is unique, in that several widely different
technologies are used across various platforms, such as DSL, fiberoptics to the
premises (FTTP), free-space optical, cable modems, mobile and fixed wireless,
satellite, and powerline. New trends and technological drivers include bundled
services, data transport, digital video, voice over internet (VoIP), wireless internet
(including Wi-Fi), and future military needs such as ground-to-satellite and
satellite-to-satellite communications. Measurement issues for broadband
telecommunications are technologically challenging and span multiple
technologies and markets.

      USMS Broadband Telecom Workshop

     Metrology Supporting Broadband Telecommunications
             Access and Transport . . . continued
Other countries/regions have developed strategic visions for broadband
deployment and have been taking the lead in measurement specification and
standardization. The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) has ranked
the U.S. 16th, and declining, in broadband deployment. Industry groups,
including IEEE and the TIA have called for a national broadband policy, to be
developed by a partnership of government, industry, and consumers. This
workshop, as an integral part of NIST's U.S. Measurement System roadmapping
efforts, will address the measurement aspects of such a policy for this critical
industry segment. Areas where broad measurement issues are anticipated
include: convergence (platforms and technologies), higher-speed systems,
interoperability, upgradeability, reliability, service bundling, security/encryption,
and conformance-testing/performance-verification.

      USMS Broadband Telecom Workshop
    Metrology Supporting Broadband Telecommunications
            Access and Transport . . . continued
Workshop Preliminary Details:

Current plans (7/05) are to split the workshop into several industry-segment-
specific sessions, co-located with major conferences or meetings.

Date(s):          various sessions, Fall 2005 – Spring 2006
Venue(s):         sessions to co-locate w/major conferences/meetings
                    (e.g., proposal for optical-fiber session at OFC/NFOEC)

NIST expertise (Program Committee): optoelectronics, RF and microwave
propagation (including emergency-responder communications), and advanced
network (IT) technologies.

We need expertise/feedback for satellite, wired (twisted-pair and coax),
powerline???, free-space optical???, other technologies???

      USMS Broadband Telecom Workshop
    Metrology Supporting Broadband Telecommunications
            Access and Transport . . . continued

For more information, or for comments/suggestions on sessions, co-
location, content, or speakers, contact:
  Tim Drapela, NIST Optoelectronics Division  (303)497-5858
  Kate Remley, NIST Electromagnetics Division (303)497-3652

For more/updated details on the NIST USMS initiative, visit:



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