Chapter Four_ Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose

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					Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose   Chapter 4




           Context Influences Our
              Speaking Goals
      We decide to speak
      We are asked to speak
      We are required to speak
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose   Chapter 4




  A speech topic:

  the subject of the speech.
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose     Chapter 4




           The Classroom Setting

      You will have a pre-selected purpose
      You will have time limits
      The speech will be highly structured
      The instructor as an audience member
      The class as audience members
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose   Chapter 4




                  Topic Selection

      Know the specific requirements for the
      assignment
      Match YOUR interests to the
      requirements
      Match your expertise to the assignment
      Brainstorm
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose   Chapter 4




                Different Types of
                  Brainstorming
      Brainstorming by free association
      Brainstorming by clustering
      Brainstorming by categories
      Brainstorming and technology
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose    Chapter 4




                          Cluster Diagram
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose   Chapter 4
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose      Chapter 4




          Narrowing Speech Topic

      Know the exact topic of your speech
      Can you discuss the topic in the time
      allowed?
      Who is your audience?
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose   Chapter 4




  The general speaking purpose:

  the speech’s broad goal (speakers find a
  focus for their speech).
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose   Chapter 4




       General Speaking Purposes
                Include
      To inform
      To invite
      To persuade
      To introduce
      To commemorate
      To accept
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose   Chapter 4




  The specific speaking purpose:

  a focused statement that identifies exactly
  what a speaker wants to accomplish with a
  speech.
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose   Chapter 4




       Specific Speaking Purposes

      Determine exactly what you will do in the
      speech
      What you want your audience to do or
      understand
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose    Chapter 4




          Tips for Writing Specific
            Purpose Statements
      State your speaking purpose clearly
      Keep your audience in the forefront of
      your mind
      Use definitive, complete sentences
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose   Chapter 4




  Thesis statement:

  summarizes in a single sentence what you
  expect to say to the audience.
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose            Chapter 4




                Thesis Statement

      Sometimes called a central idea
      Adds focus to the specific purpose
          In a single sentence the content of the
          speech is expressed
      Main points are identified
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose   Chapter 4
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose   Chapter 4
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose   Chapter 4
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose   Chapter 4

				
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posted:1/10/2013
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