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urinary system.pdf

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urinary system.pdf

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									URINARY SYSTEM

    15-05-12
• Students should able to describe the general
  and comparative anatomical features of
  kidney, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra
  (Male & Female).
•   Kidneys
•   Ureters
•   Urinary Bladder
•   Urethra
                           Kidneys

•   Retroperitoneal
•   Pressed against the dorsal abdominal wall
•   on either side of the vertebral column
•   Predominantly in the lumber region
          – May extend into the intrathoracic part of the abdominal
            cavity
• Right kidney further cranial in position
• Left kidney is more mobile
           » Ruminants = rumen pushes it towards right half of abd.
• Dorsal & ventral surfaces
• Lateral & Medial borders
• Cranial & caudal poles
                     Form & Position
                 H                                       O
• Right kidney > Heart shaped • Right > elongated, Elliptical,
      • Under last 2 ribs & L1 Tx Flattened dorsoventrally.
         Proc.
                                           – Last rib & L1, L2 or L3 Tx Proc.
• Left Kinney > Pyramidal               • Left > three sided
  shaped                                   – Rumen filled > caudal &
       • Last rib & L1 or L2 Tx Proc.        ventral to the right kidney ,
                                             L3, L4 & L5.

								
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