Nonprofit Organization               Nonprofit Organization      April - June 2011 / Volume 12, Issue 2
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  C A D E M 0 0 W E S T SN I 1 E9 S I T Y P A R K W AY, O R E M , U T 8 4 0 5 8 - 5 9 9 9

A O R EF I, R T 8 A 0N8DE5S9 S ESS CVU C E A E QA E SE M Y . M S 1 9 3
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                                                                                                                                              Utah Fire and Rescue Academy Magazine
 W E S T U N I V E R S I T Y P A R K W AY, O R E M , U T 8 4 0 5 8 - 5 9 9 9




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                      Becca Giessing

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      April - June 2011 | 1
                                                          FROM THE                                                        DIRECTOR                                                      UVU STUDEnT
                                                          Flashover Training:
                                                          The new Flashover prop has been ordered and we are
                                                                                                                          worked fleet, more roles and responsibilities assigned to
                                                                                                                          your departments (new course requests and props) while
                                                                                                                                                                                        PROjECTS GO
                                                          now in the process of purchasing the trailer for it. The
                                                          curriculum is being updated to provide a more realis-
                                                          tic training experience. Pre-flashover conditions will
                                                                                                                          not seeing an increase in the operational and/or capital
                                                                                                                          improvement budgets. The Academy has been fortunate
                                                                                                                          the past few years in not seeing a reduction in our budget,
                                                          be demonstrated but the actual flashover will not oc-           although we have seen a significant increase on the “de-      The Bachelor of Science in Emergency Services
                                                          cur as in years past. I realize that this will not sit well     mand” side of the formula. As a result we are forced to       Administration program is making a difference
                                                          with some of our customers, but considering the safety          be “creative” in our management of the budget in order        in the future of the fire and emergency services.
                                                          issues involved and the complaints from Chiefs regard-          to reduce costs and provide the same level of service….       Students are learning how to think critically and
                                                          ing damaged personal protective equipment, I realized           sound familiar? To temporarily solve some of the budget-      apply what they are learning to his/her own situa-
                                                          that changes had to be made. Engineering controls have          ary issues we have revised the availability date for new      tions. The work that they do can also have practical
                                                          been added to the prop so instructors have better control       courses (CTC Phase II and Flashover) until after July 1,      application for fire and other agencies. To make
                                                          over smoke and fire development. Student positions in           2011, delayed development of a new course, Technical          this work available for fire departments to use, the
 Greetings from the Fire Academy. Rather than enter-      the prop have been changed to help reduce damage to             Rescue, reduced our travel budget, and curtailed train-       UFRA website will have links to student projects.
 tain you with my usual ramblings, I thought I would      personal protective equipment and make egress easier.           ing courses for June 2011. Additionally, we will push for
 give you a rundown of some things that are going on      Considering the estimated delivery time on the prop and         more regional deliveries that will reduce transportation      One area of emphasis where graduating students
 around UFRA that affect you, the customer:               trailer, instructor training, pilot deliveries, and budgetary   and labor costs. The long-term solution is an increase        can and will make a difference is in ethical deci-
                                                          issues, our projection on the prop being available for fire     in our budget. We will be working closely with the Fire       sion making. In the ESMG 4650, the capstone
 winter Fire School (wFS) 2011:                           departments is July 2011.                                       Marshal’s office and the Fire Prevention Board to create      course of the degree, students learn about leader-
 This year we had over 725 registrations for WFS in St.                                                                   a proposal for a budget increase. Hopefully the Depart-       ship. They learn about the different styles and types
 George. Fifty-four courses were delivered over a two-    Awareness and Operations Training:                              ment of Public Safety and the Legislature will consider       of leadership skills and methodologies, then get to
 day period with many instructors coming in from out      UFRA will now be delivering awareness and opera-                this for the 2012 legislative session. In the mean time we    write about how what they learn is and can be ap-
 of state. This was the largest school that the Academy   tions training to fire departments. The Fire Marshal’s          will continue to tighten our belts and keep you informed.     plied into the emergency services. The final project,
 has conducted causing the vendor section to be moved     office will deliver classes to non-fire agencies includ-                                                                      however, is to research the need for and uses of
 to the exhibit hall to accommodate the increased num-    ing private industry. Fire departments should schedule          Regardless of challenges, the Utah Fire and Rescue            codes of ethics or codes of conduct. They are then
 ber of vendors. A special thanks to Chuck Querry and     their awareness and operations training through their           Academy remains committed to our core mission;                asked to create a model code for whatever branch
 his management team for another job well done. Next      assigned Program Manager.                                       serving the firefighters of Utah by providing quality         of the emergency services they choose. This ex-
 year’s school will be managed by Program Manager                                                                         training. We are here to serve you and welcome any            ercise opens students’ eyes to the need for critical
 Dave Owens and I look forward to seeing what chang-      Hazardous Materials Technician Training:                        suggestions you have that will result in more effective       thinking and for a foundation for proper conduct.
 es Dave makes to Winter Fire School.                     The Academy and the State Fire Marshal’s office have            or efficient training.
                                                          identified parameters for technician training. UFRA                                                                           While there are many fine examples of what the
                                                          will deliver the training and the Fire Marshal’s office         Stay safe.                                                    students have created, we would like to present
                                                          will provide funding. Current funding will allow for                                                                          the final project of Jason Wassum, one of the
                                                          four tech classes per year and will be limited to those                                                                       summer 2010 semester ESMG 4650 students. We
                                                          departments that have an established team or are in the                                                                       feel it fairly represents some of the good work
                                                          process of developing a team. Classes will be deliv-            Hugh Connor,                                                  of the students. We hope you all read and think
                                                          ered geographically based on demand. Fire depart-               UFRA Director                                                 deeply about your department and how it could
                                                          ment technician classes can be scheduled through the                                                                          use or if it needs a code of ethics or conduct. Find
                                                          regional Program Managers.                                                                                                    this project, Code Of Conduct, under the Re-
                                                                                                                                                                                        source Center tab at www.uvu.edu/ufra/.
                                                          I’m sure that most of you are experiencing an increase
                                                          in call volume (course requests for us), ongoing equip-
                                                          ment and maintenance issues due to an aging and over-

2 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                                April - June 2011 | 3
                   FROM THE STATE FIRE                 by Brent R. Halladay, Acting State Fire Marshal
                                                                                                                         MARSHAL                                                      Part-Time job
                                                       and money-driven bill in the history of the Legislature.
                                                       The first fireworks statute had received so many modifica-
                                                       tions in its enactment that it was difficult to enforce.
                                                                                                                        be to allow use of cake fireworks that do not exceed 500
                                                                                                                        grams of pyrotechnic composition.                             Opportunities
                                                       After several years of problems the statute was re-codified
                                                       in 1993. Since then our state has used what is commonly
                                                                                                                        Cake fireworks, also known as aerial repeaters or mul-
                                                                                                                        tiple tube devices, are a firework with a series of tubes
                                                                                                                        that shoot small aerial shells, reports, pearls, or a com-
                                                                                                                                                                                      at the Utah
                                                       referred to as “safe and sane” fireworks. I have absolutely
                                                       no idea where the term “safe and sane” came from with
                                                       regard to fireworks, but it is a common term used in many
                                                                                                                        bination of all. Each tube is connected together by a
                                                                                                                        high-speed fuse to make a long lasting display with one
                                                                                                                        ignition from a stable base. Cake fireworks send shells
                                                                                                                                                                                      Fire Museum
                                                       states. The safe and sane fireworks in Utah meant that the       into the sky as high as 200 feet, discharge them, and all     Recently the Utah Fire Museum received
                                                       fireworks were limited to be ground based with a vertical        that falls to the ground is either plastic or cardboard. In   grant funds to expand service hours and to
                                                       height allowance of 15 feet and a horizontal movement of         other words, it goes up hot and comes down cold. Cake         complete some projects. The Museum Board
                                                       10 feet. All fireworks sold in Utah for consumer use had to      fireworks containers are weighted with clay in the bot-       has decided to hire some part-time workers to
                                                       be tested and approved by the State Fire Marshal’s Office        tom or other means to keep the box stable and allow the       accomplish those goals.
                                                       and placed on the approved list. That list has grown to al-      trajectory to be straight up.
On January 1, 2011, State Fire Marshal Ron Morris      most 1700 approved consumer fireworks and has become                                                                           Available Openings:
became Chief Ron Morris, South Salt Lake City          an absolute nightmare to understand.                             There is no doubt that this summer’s July 4th and 24th
Fire Department. Ron served as our State Fire Mar-                                                                      holidays will have a completely different look than previ-    Curator
shal for almost six years and will be deeply missed    Another major difference in the new statute will change          ous years in the use of consumer fireworks. There seems       24 hours per week (maximum)
in that position. Ron completed many important         the period of time to purchase and discharge fireworks.          to be an inherent desire by those that use consumer fire-     $12.00 per hours - $15,000.00 per year
items and moved the State Fire Marshal’s Office        The old statute stated that fireworks could be sold from         works to see aerial displays of fireworks, and obviously
into known prominence with his leadership skills.      June 19th to July 26th and you could only discharge              something more spectacular than currently allowed.            Assistants
We all wish Ron the best in his new position, and      three days before the holiday, the day of the holiday,                                                                         16 Hours per week (maximum)
there is no doubt that South Salt Lake City Fire       and three days after the holiday. The new statute states         Those involved in this new statute hope that the allow-       $10.00 per hour - $8,320.00 per year
Department will do well under Ron’s direction.         that you can purchase consumer fireworks from June               ance to use cake fireworks, along with the other fireworks
                                                       26th to July 26th and you can also discharge them any-           that have been permitted for years, will discourage the       Those interested cam send a resume to:
If you followed the 2011 Utah State Legislative        time during that period.                                         citizens of Utah from leaving our state to purchase illegal   The Utah Fire Museum
Session, I’m sure you have heard all the discussions                                                                    fireworks or ordering them from the internet. It is hoped     P.O. Box 1128
about changing our current fireworks statute to a      The new statute takes away the nearly 1700 approved              that this will lessen the current problem seen from those     Grantsville, UT 84029
new direction. The first fireworks statute in Utah     fireworks on the list and replaces them with 13 types            illegal fireworks that can’t be controlled, such as roman
was passed in the early 1980’s and was hotly con-      that are not allowed. Those fireworks that will continue         candles, bottle rockets and mortars.                          Museum: (435) 843-4040
tested by all involved. At the time of passage, the    to be illegal will be firecrackers, cherry bombs, cannon                                                                       Fax: (435) 843-4043
first fireworks statute was the most heavily lobbied   crackers, ground salutes, M-80’s, skyrockets, single                                                                           Curator: (435) 830-6556
                                                       shot or reloadable mortars, aerial salutes, flash shells,                                                                      E-mail: curator@utahfiremuseum.com
                                                       comets, bottle rockets, roman candles, and mines to                                                                            Website: http://www.utahfiremuseum.com/
                                                       include cakes over 500 grams.                                                                                                  Physical Address: 293 W State Road 112,
                                                                                                                                                                                      Grantsville, UT 84029
                                                       Legal fireworks in the State of Utah will be all those fire-
                                                       works that can be purchased at retail stores for consumer                                                                      Volunteers are always welcome to help
                                                       use and are not listed as illegal as stated in the above para-                                                                 at the Utah Fire Museum, call
                                                       graph. There will no longer be the 15-foot height limit or                                                                     Dave Hammond at (435) 830-6556.
                                                       the 10-foot lateral movement limit. The biggest and most
                                                       obvious change in the newly adopted fireworks statute will
                                                                                                                        Above: Cake fireworks, also known as aerial repeaters or
                                                                                                                        multiple tube devices

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  April - June 2011 | 5
                                     Message from Utah                                                                               State Fire                                                      Changes made
                                                                                                                                                                                                     to Hazardous
                                     Chiefs Association
                                     by Mike Mathieu, President Utah State Fire Chief’s Association
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Materials Training
                                                                                                                                                                                                     by Coy Porter

                                       Greetings from the             our ability to serve our constituents. We need you to          kind of error and warned about it in advance? A morsel of       Over the past couple of years, a joint effort involv-
                                       State Fire Chiefs              engage with your local representative on issues related        advice I once received as chief was “If you ask yourself        ing the Utah State Fire Marshal’s Office and the
                                       Association. Our               to the fire service. Representatives and Senators want to      whose fault it was at least three times, by the third at-       Utah Fire and Rescue Academy was undertaken in
                                       meeting and leader-            hear from their local fire leaders regarding proposed bills.   tempt some responsibility should fall on yourself in some       order to consolidate efforts to provide Hazardous
                                       ship symposium on              Many chiefs attended the Fire Caucus Luncheon on Feb-          form or fashion.” If you can find a way to take even part       Materials training throughout the entire state.
                                       January 12, 2011 in            ruary 14, 2011 at the Capitol to make thier voices heard.      of the blame, it will make it a lot easier for your subor-
conjunction with Winter Fire School was very produc-                                                                                 dinates to step up and take their share as well. If they        The hard work of Mike Riley (Hazardous Ma-
tive. Important issues discussed included the “Ready Set              I would like to thank Fire Chief Steve Foote for his           don’t, then it’s time to ask a few questions. Perhaps they      terials Section Manager) and his staff are to be
Go” program, the Fire Officer Professional Development                contributions to the Utah fire service and wish him            didn’t understand their responsibility in the situation. In     applauded, with a great deal of thanks extended
Project, State retirement issues, the Statewide Information           luck with his recent retirement as chief from South            that case, it’s time you explained it more carefully. Don’t     to Richard, Howard, Ricky, and others who have
and Analysis Center (SIAC), and various reports from                  Salt Lake City. Hopefully, with his involvement                worry about taking too much blame yourself. It’s the            bolstered the effort.
committees and board members. We voted to support Fire                in other government affairs we will still enjoy his            constructive, courageous approach of a genuine leader.
Chief Bill Metcalf’s candidacy for 2011 IAFC 2nd Vice                 positive influence and more importantly his humor. I           The blame you willfully put on yourself isn’t going to          As of January 24th, 2011 the Utah Fire and
President. A very important message is that membership                also extend condolences for the passing of Blanding            hurt you one bit. On the other hand, even a small amount        Rescue Academy became the coordination point
dues for volunteer chiefs have been waived. The State                 Fire Chief Kent Hawkins.                                       of underserved blame you place on someone else may be           for all hazardous materials training and certifica-
Chiefs Executive Board would like to invite all volunteer                                                                            deeply resented. And no matter who is to blame, don’t           tion for fire service personnel. Program manag-
fire chiefs to join the State Fire Chiefs Association free of         When something goes wrong in a fire department, the first      rub it in, if you want good relations in the future.            ers Dave Owens, Chuck Querry, Reed Rieske,
charge to encourage membership and their participation                thing many chiefs want to know is: “Who did it? Who’s                                                                          and Chuck Tandy will be working closely with
in our important work which includes addressing many                  to blame?” That’s not a good approach. Typically, it leads     On a personal note, I want to recommend an article to all       fire departments in their respective counties to
issues facing volunteer departments. Joining the Associa-             to a witch-hunt with everyone denying responsibility.          firefighters if you missed it. The winter 2010 Backdraft        schedule (with the hosting fire department) dates,
tion is as simple as contacting Frank Heumann Secretary/              When a mistake occurs, the important thing is for every-       magazine had a great article entitled “One of My Best           support materials, training trailers, instructors,
Treasurer at www.utahfirechiefs.org or 435-940-2502.                  one involved to understand how it happened and how it          Days” by Hazmat Captain Dan Gish from SLCFD. This               etc. in order to support the needs of this impor-
                                                                      can be prevented from happening again. Shaming people          article hopefully exemplifies the core motivational factor      tant haz-mat training. All instructors from the
As you read this message, much work has already oc-                   because of an error is not constructive. It invariably leads   as to why we become firefighters. As I read this article I      Utah State Fire Marshal’s office will continue to
curred involving state legislative issues affecting the fire          to resentment—sometimes open, sometimes hidden.                reflected on the times I was in the streets on the front line   teach throughout the state.
service. Chiefs worked on the fire code, retirement, fire-            Don’t harp on what has happened. Just be sure everyone         when I could say, “This was one of my best days.” I share
works, and many other issues have actively been worked                knows how it happened and is concentrating on keeping          with new firefighters an e-mail I received June 16, 2001        If you are unsure whom your county works
on. The Association’s lobbyist will be busy helping us in             it from happening again. A good way to get others to rec-      from an individual who was trying to locate my partner          directly with, please go to the UFRA web site
conjunction with the Joint Council and others to improve              ognize and accept their share of responsibility for some-      and I who had the privilege of helping this individual on       to find the program manager responsible for
                                                                      thing that has gone wrong is for the chief, assistant chief,   July 31, 1981 when she happened to be just 18 months            your area. All courses will now be coordinated
                                                                      battalion chief, captain, and/or lieutenant to step forward    old. “July 31, 1981 was one of my best days.” It is my          through them. You’ll find the program manager
                                                                      and take as much of the blame as possible themselves. If       hope every firefighter has at least a handful of best days      information at www.uvu.edu/ufra, go to the drop
                                                                      you pick up part of the burden, it makes it a lot easier for   during their careers in the fire service. They are there, but   down tab titled “Training” and then click on the
                                                                      the people who work for you to do likewise. Even if you        it may be some time before you realize what they were.          button, which states “Scheduled Courses”. The
                                                                      weren’t to blame at all, try to find some way to share it.                                                                     program managers are listed at the bottom of the
                                                                      Why? Because it’s the best way- and sometimes the only         Be smart, professional, and as always stay safe!                page along with their contact information and the
                                                                      way – to get others to recognize their responsibility and                                                                      counties they work with.
                                                                      admit freely. Think it over. Might you have made your
                                                                      instructions a little clearer? Was the person adequately                                                                       We are hoping that this minor change will better
                                                                      trained? Should you have checked up on the operation                                                                           facilitate the coordination between all fire depart-
                                                                      more frequently? Did you overestimate the employee’s                                                                           ments, instructors/trainers, and the delivery of the
                                                                      ability and experience? Should you have anticipated this                                                                       classes. Thanks for all you do out there!

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                April - June 2011 | 7
                                                                                                                               The Bowring - new Fire Service Tool
by Eric James Russell                                                                                                          Designed by Oklahoma Firefighters
                                                                                                                               by Matt McNabb
Robert Greenleaf, the father of Servant Leadership             Like Camden, mayors and city counsels around the coun-
Theory, places foresight as the pinnacle ability of any suc-   try are cutting fire department staffing and stations, so
cessful leader. The idea revolves around the great leader      there are some questions that need asking. Are the leaders
seeing the future, not as if a psychic, but rather through     changing the standard operating procedures within the fire      Recently, I had the honor to present some                                                      firefighter’s bunker pants.
trends. By doing this, the leader can spot specific needs,     department or are you still doing the same operations with      new tools to the staff of Utah Valley                                                              Made of 17-4 steel,
shape change, and give direction, thus ensuring future         less. Is technology being utilized to its fullest extent? Are   University’s Emergency Services                                                                       the tool is incred-
successes and ongoing operations. Foresight holds true         you practicing risk management and analysis or are your         department and the Utah Fire and                                                                        ibly strong with no
in every organization, career field and profession; as the     operations, staffing, and responses blanketed across the        Rescue Academy for review. The                                                                            plastic or moving
future approaches, changes need to take place. A failure       board. Are you pursuing other avenues such as advance           staff will put the tool to the test                                                                        parts. Get it wet,
to change and meet future challenges head on means one         life support, transport, proactive prevention, hazardous        and report the feedback of the                                                                              get it hot, drop
thing, downfall.                                               materials, and public education? Are you demanding              Utah fire service to the designers.                                                                         it...no problem.
                                                               professional certifications and academic credentialing of       The Bowring tool is a firefighter-                                                                          Although you
There is a new generation of public service leaders gradu-     your personnel?                                                 friendly, multi-tool that is 100%                                                                          should use cau-
ating from academic institutions across the country with                                                                       American Steel and easily fits in                                                                      tion when letting a
graduate degrees in public policy, law, and public admin-      If the answers to these questions are no, what will you         your bunker pant’s pocket, creating a                                                     fellow firefighter borrow it,
istration. Governments wanting to streamline operations        argue to get positions back or future positions safety?         hands-free environment until the tool                                                     you may never get it back!!
and cut costs now actively recruit them. They believe in       Safety is not enough, because cost is the real issue.           is needed. As you know, the profession-
a smaller government that is more efficient, they practice     Cost trumps safety. This editorial began with the notion        als who work at Utah Valley University                                                    The Bowring has many
risk management/analysis, support privatization of ser-        of foresight because, unfortunately, status quo will not        and the Utah Fire and Rescue Academy are                                                  uses, which include:
vices and subscribe to a more proactive means of govern-       cut it, the firefighter’s dedication, commitment, and the       known across the country for their expertise
ing. They know that with the exception of ARFF services        desire to serve is no longer good enough. The only way          and their influence on the U.S. Fire Service.                                              Hose advancement - Emer-
at airports, there are no laws mandating fire protection.      to protect the professional fire service is to change it; if    Please contact them to determine where the                                                 gency bailout descender - RIT
                                                               not, outsiders will.                                            tools are being tested and to report feedback.                                            firefighter drag - High-rise tool
The reason I write about this involves painful changes                                                                                                                                                                  (use as a cheater-bar, standpipe
happening to the fire service. As we move into this new        Be Safe, Eric                                                   Oklahoma City Firefighters,                                                            wheel, spanner wrench) - Gas
America, where the election in 2010 called for a leaner                                                                        Major Tony Mack, and Corporal                                                         shutoff - Windshield removal and
and meaner government, it can only be fitting to assume                                                                        Clint Bowring, have designed                                                        glass ripper - O2 wrench - Door
that the topic of pay and benefits lie under a microscope        PATIEnCE My GOOD MAn                                          a multi-tool that is being used                                                   wedge - Water shutoff - Mattress hook
as it did in Camden, NJ this January. In an interview with       by Patricia Nakai                                             by fire departments across the                                                 - Forcible entry tool - Spanner wrench
the Mayor of Camden, pay and benefits became front and                                                                         country. The Bowring is a compact,                                        (fits pin lugs, rocker-lugs, and storz lugs) -
center for firefighters and police officers. In this case,       The certification office handles hundreds of tests            lightweight, multi-purpose tool that can                             Gypsum board ripper (cleanly rips through while
uniformed firefighters and police officers cost the city,        every month and needless to say, it can be a pain-            be used, at some point, on all fire alarm and                  looking for hot spots) - Nance drill - Denver drill
on average, $140,000 annually in pay and benefits each;          staking process in receiving and entering the test            rescue calls. This tool can truly change tactics and strate-
for supervising uniformed personnel, the number went             scores into the database. We, as the Certification            gies within the fire service. John Futhey II presented the     Check the tool out for yourself and read the testimonials
to $200,000. Because of a huge budget shortfall and the          Office, understand that waiting for the 30 day win-           Bowring at the Oklahoma State Fire School showing              by fellow firefighters. Please don’t pass up the opportu-
cost of doing business, 33% of the Camden Firefighters           dow to get the results back can be just as painful.           that even the smallest firefighter could handle a working      nity to increase safety and effectiveness while on the job.
and 50% of the Camden Police Officers received layoff            However, it is Certification policy that results will         2 ½ hose...by him/her self! Add one firefighter to work        Invest in a tool that will keep every firefighter safe and
notices. In coming to the defense of the firefighters, de-       not be given over the phone and the candidate must            the friction points and crews can quickly put “big water”      increase efficiency on the fire ground!! Thank you, Utah
partment leaders and union officials argued safety con-          wait for the results to be sent to their respective           on any fire despite personnel constraints. This piece of       firefighters, for your time.
cerns. There are potential safety concerns and there exists      departments. We ask that all testing candidates keep          equipment gives every firefighter a handle to put directly
empirical evidence proving it through studies. However,          this in mind and help our office ensure the security          on the hose and help with the maneuvering and operating                          www.thebowring.com
the day after the layoffs firefighters responded to and ex-      of your results.                                              of handlines on the fire scene, which places a firefighter                       info@thebowring.com
tinguished fires; they made saves, extricated victims from                                                                     in a more natural position. He or she can now utilize long                       Matthew C. McNabb, M.S.
automobiles, and administered CPR with 1/3 less: Right,          “ The key to everything is patience. You get the              muscle groups to improve capability and reduce injuries.                         Oklahoma City FD, Firefighter
wrong, or indifferent they still did the job.                      chicken by hatching the egg, not by smashing it.”                                                                                            Adjunct Faculty, Utah Valley University
                                                                 ~ Arnold Glasglow                                             The Bowring is 8.1 inches tall × 5.9 inches wide × .375                          matt_mcnabb@hotmail.com
                                                                                                                               inches thick and weighs 22 ounces, so it easily fits into a

8 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                                             April - June 2011 | 9
                              READInG A BUIlDInG                                                                              there is credible information of someone still inside
                                                                                                                              the building, consider fire attack before search op-
                                                                                                                                                                                        BuILDING #4
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Occupancy:
                              PRACTICAl ExAMPlES                                                                              erations.                                                    This oc-
                              by John Mittendorf                                                                                                                                           cupancy is
                                                                                                                          BuILDING #3                                                      a common
                               In the last issue of             of the interior contents and often the layout. In         • Occupancy: In keeping with our series on reading               auto supply
                               Straight Tip magazine,           this case, the first floor will likely look like the          a building, this building would be categorized as            store that is
                               we began to apply the            appliances outside the building (lots of junk).                                                        a “modular”         the end oc-
information from the “Reading a Building” series.               Additionally, the exterior contents around a                                                           building that       cupancy in a
Let’s continue with practical examples of reading               building can also be an excellent indicator of                                                         consists of         strip mini-          Figure 4
buildings that are commonly found on the modern                 the interior contents.                                                                                 about two to        mall. There
fireground. As a refresher, each article in the series                                                                                                                 eight units,        are numerous windows on the front, and one side
will include several pictures of different types of         BuILDING #2                                                                                                does not have       of the building that can allow quick horizontal
buildings, just as you would observe the building and       • Occupancy: This is a small, one-story market simi-                                                       a center-hall-      ventilation and good visibility into the store to de-
as you would normally place your apparatus in front             lar to AM-PM, 7-Eleven, and other types of stores                                                      way configu-        termine the status of the incident (unless visibility
of a building. Look at the pictures and then briefly            with a moderate interior fire load.                                                                    ration, and         is limited by smoke – which is also an indicator of
describe what you consider to be important fireground       • Construction: Although there are numerous win-                                                           can be one          the interior status). The interior fire load would be
consideration, either from a negative or positive                                                       dows on the       Figure 3                                     to multiple         moderate to heavy.
viewpoint. Sound easy? Let’s go!                                                                        front of the                                                   stories. This    • Construction: As this appears to be a relatively
                                                                                                        building,             building consists of two stories with four units.            new building, it is likely comprised of lightweight
BuILDING #1                                                                                             carefully look        Also notice the plywood over the windows, which              construction (of little surprise), has a suspended
Notice the following items of interest:                                                                 at the two            indicate a vacant structure.                                 ceiling inside the occupancy (which can become
• Construction: This is a two-story building of frame-                                                  side windows      • Construction: It appears this building has been                a major threat to interior personnel if it collapses
   stucco. Notice how the windows are flush with the                                                    that appear           constructed during the last 20 years so it is likely         and will offer little resistance to the vertical exten-
   outside walls. In masonry buildings, the windows                                                     to be inset.          lightweight construction. This can be easily veri-           sion of fire), and has a large visible fascia on the
   are inset due to the width of the walls. The building                                                This is likely        fied by looking under the exposed eaves, which will          exterior of the building.
   is of moderate size and the roof is likely flat. The                                                 a masonry             reveal 2X4-inch rafter tails (truss construction).        • Fascia: As we have also previously discussed, a
   construction for the building, including the roof, is                                                building that         Also, if the outside of a building is covered with           fascia is nothing more than an external common
   likely of conventional construction.                     Figure 2                                    has an exte-          cost-effective materials (which is the case with this        attic on the exterior of a building. In this case,
• Occupancy: This is a two-story building with a                                                        rior covering         building), then it is sensible to assume the inside          consider four important factors:
   commercial occupancy on the first floor and a resi-          of plaster. There is a parapet that hides the flat roof       (that is not visible) is even more cost-effective            (1) The fascia extends over the easy entry and exit
   dential occupancy on the second floor.                       that is likely conventional construction.                     (definition - lightweight materials).                             point to the interior (definition front door). There-
• Access and egress: The first floor is served by           • Access and egress: In this scenario, the ability to         • Strategy-Tactics: If you were the first responder,                  fore, if fire has extended into the fascia, a rear
   a doorway in the front and also the back of the              enter the front of the building is good (double doors         you would see a well-involved unit on the second                  entry is a much safer option.
   building. The second floor is served by a probable           and ten large windows). However, the rear can                 floor, which is easily accessed by the stairs that           (2) Notice the scupper on the side portion of the fas-
   stairway on the first floor, and a porch and balcony         likely only be accessed by one single man-door that           would not be filled with heat and smoke, as a cen-                cia. This denotes how far the roof level is below
   at the rear (remember the UBC requires two means             is probably a metal-clad door in a metal frame.               ter-hallway configuration would contain. Horizontal               the top of the fascia. This can be an important
   of egress and access for commercial occupancies).        • Interior occupants: Since there are three vehicles              ventilation could be easily accomplished by remov-                consideration if it is necessary for personnel to
   Also notice there are security bars over the win-            parked in front of the building, and there are also           ing the exterior plywood panels (and the sooner                   go to the roof in determining how many ladders it
                                           dows and             several employees inside the building, where would            the better). However, a major point of interest is                will take to safely provide access and egress.
                                           doorway in           you place your priority of fire attack versus a search        the smoke-heat stains that are visible at the bottom         (3) Remember, if there is fire inside the auto supply
                                           the front.           if you were the first responder to a working fire in          portion of the attic vent which indicates the fire has            store, three areas will have to be checked for fire
                                           • Name:              this building? Remember that we do not normally               extended into the attic and would also be extending               - - inside the sales area, the attic area above the
                                           The name on          lose occupants in commercial buildings as they are            over the uninvolved unit to the left. Therefore, it               dropped ceiling, and the fascia. Miss one of these
                                           the front of a       ambulatory, whereas occupants in residential build-           would be necessary to force entry into the adjacent               and the fire will likely win.
                                           commercial           ings are normally non-ambulatory, particularly be-            unit and check for extension of fire-smoke as soon           (4) As a side note, if you become tangled in the wire
                                           building can         tween the hours of 10 pm and 7 am. It should come             as possible. As we have previously discussed, attic               that holds a dropped ceiling, how will you free
                                           be an excel-         as no surprise that upon your arrival you would               vents can provide visible evidence of the extension               yourself? As these types of ceilings are common,
                                           lent indicator       probably find the occupants outside the building in           of fire (or the lack of extension of fire-smoke).                 the answer to this question is wire cutters. This is
Figure 1                                                        the parking lot anxiously waiting. Therefore, unless                                                                            why some departments are issuing this simple yet
                                                                                                                                                                                                effective tool to fireground personnel.

10 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                                     April - June 2011 | 11
                                                                                                                                     Apparatus Showcase
                                                                                                                                                   Cedar Fort Fire Department
                                                                                                                                                                                           During the month of February, Cedar
                                                                                                                                                                                           Fort Fire Department (CFFD) pur-
                                                                                                                                                                                           chased a 1994 Pierce Lance from a
                                                                                                                                                                                           volunteer department in New York
                                                                                                                                                                                           City (NYC). Members of CFFD went
                                                                                                                                                                                           to NYC to acquire the engine and
                                                                                                                                                                                           drove it back to Utah. The engine
                                                                                                                                                                                           seats 10 with 9 SCBA and has an inte-
                                                                                                                                                                                           grated foam pump. This engine will be
                                                                                                                                                                                           the first out engine, which will move
                                                                                                                                                                                           CFFD’s current first out engine (1970
                                                                                                                                                                                           American LaFrance) to a reserve posi-

Utah Fire and life Safety                                                                  Annette Matherly, University of Utah
                                                                                            Burn Center Outreach Coordinator,
                                                                                                uses the Hazard House to teach
                                                                                                                                                                                           tion. Cedar Fort is looking forward
                                                                                                                                                                                           to using this engine to work with
                                                                                                                                                                                           neighboring cities of Eagle Mountain,

Education Association
by Monica Colby, UFLSEA Executive Secretary
                                                                                                      children burn prevention.                                                            Saratoga Springs and anywhere else
                                                                                                                                                                                           that calls for help.

The Utah Fire and Life Safety Education Association      Every fire department is invited to send one or two people in
held their semi-annual meeting at UFRA’s Winter Fire     uniform Saturday, September 10, between 10:00 am. – 7:00 pm.
School in St. George this past January. By the end       to help raise awareness of fire safety topics.
of the meeting, all officers were re-elected and 2011
events were scheduled.                                   For more information visit http://utahfiresafety.org/                                              In Memory of Kent Blain Hawkins
The Utah Fire and Life Safety Education Association                                                                                                       Kent Blain Hawkins was
promotes training, networking and resource sharing                                                                                                        born July 10, 1963 and
for fire and life safety educators.                                                                                                                       passed away suddenly
                                                                                                                                                          from a heart attack January
In 2011, the Association will continue to support                                                                                                         10, 2011. He was born to
regional meetings to encourage departments with                                                                                    Edwin and Betty Hawkins of Blanding Utah. On
similar challenges and resources to work together to                                                                               June 25, 1983 he married his high school sweet-
reduce the impact of fire and unintentional injury in                                                                              heart, Barbara (Barb) Beth Carlson. They have 5
their jurisdictions.                                                                                                               children-Lacey (Daniel) Vess, Blain, Michael, Mat-
                                                                                                                                   thew, and Maggie; and 2 grandsons-Ashton Hawk-
The Association will host a training and business                                                                                  ins and Hyrum Vess.
meeting June 29. The training topic will be a Utah
perspective on the NFPA 2011 Fire Prevention Week                                                                                  Kent was very instrumental in getting the [Bland-
theme. They will also be holding a conference for fire                                                                             ing] fire department to the state of preparedness it
and life safety education November 2 – 4, 2011. Cer-                                                                               is at today, and he was respected by firefighters he
tification and other professional development classes                                                                              worked side by side with. The family was touched
are on the agenda. Watch for more details.                                                                                         by the salute and tribute to him and the last call by
                                                                                                                                   his EMS, Rescue and Firefighting friends and the
Once again the Association will play a major role in                                                                               Scouts that joined in that tribute.
Fire Safety Day at the State Fair, focusing on home
fire sprinklers and the Fire Prevention Week theme.                             Live burn demonstration on home fire sprinklers.   Obituary provided by Blue Mountain Panorama

12 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                April - June 2011 | 13
                                                                                                                                         wFS    wInTER FIRE
                                                                                                                                                SCHOOl - AnOTHER
                                                                                                                                         2011   TRAInInG SUCCESS
                                                                                                                                                by Andrea Hossley

                                                                 The event created an opportunity for lively conversation
                                                                 among firefighters and legislators.                                                                The 2011 Winter Fire School held in St. George on Janu-
                                                                                                                                                                    ary 14th and 15th, 2011 proved to be another great train-

                                                                 fixes inserted into cleanup bills. When we figured out that                                        ing success! Six hundred and eighty participants joined
                                                                 the fixes caused another problem that was going to nega-                                           us from 151 departments. Eighteen of our participants
                                                                 tively affect career firefighters and their employers, we                                          traveled from Arizona, Minnesota, Montana and Idaho.
by Steve Lutz                                                    put our heads together and found a solution that was a win
                                                                 for everyone involved. We really need to thank Jim Judd                                            With 55 seasoned fire service professionals as our
As I’m writing this column the day after Valentine’s Day,        and Marty Peterson for pulling things back from the brink                                          instructor cadre we were able to offer 54 classes.
I’m still feeling the love. No, I’m not talking about how        and forging a compromise that worked. Was it perfect for                                           Many of our classes were filled to capacity and
thrilled my wife was about the roses and chocolates. I’m         everyone? No compromise ever is. We will have to con-                                              received rave reviews.
talking about the Utah Fire Caucus and about how far the         tinue to work on details related to this issue in the future.
fire service has come as a political force over the years        The most important thing is that we did not pull apart but                                         This year we had a phenomenal vendor response
that I’ve been involved with the legislature. Eighty of          rather we pulled together.                                                                         with 47 vendor displays set up in the Dixie Center
our legislators joined about one hundred firefighters for a                                                                                                         throughout the weekend.
luncheon and awards ceremony at the Capitol Office Au-           Another feature of the Caucus Luncheon were the ser-
ditorium. It was a great opportunity for our folks to get to-    vice awards to former Legislators Jim Gowans and Brent                                             All of us at UFRA are thrilled that the Winter Fire
gether with their lawmakers to socialize, answer questions       Goodfellow for their work on the Caucus and for the Fire                                           School continues to grow every year and that we are
and give fire service perspectives on issues of concern.         Service. The Caucus also gave their Firefighter of the Year                                        able to provide training to those that otherwise might not
Volunteers from remote rural areas such as Wayne County          award to Orem Battalion Chief Layne Pace for his many                                              have the opportunity to do so. We look forward to seeing
and career firefighters from stations near the Capitol were      years of service as both a firefighter and soldier, and his                                        you all next year!
there to present the best face of the fire service in front of   incredible humanitarian work for Afghan children and
another group of public servants who genuinely seemed to         orphans. Go to http://taoproject.org/ to learn more about
care about what we had to say.                                   the Afghan Orphan Project.

For a number of years, the fire service, through the Joint       Next Time: 2011 Legislative Wrap up
Council, (http://www.firecouncil.com/) has been able to
present a unified voice on fire service issues to lawmak-
ers. Chiefs and union presidents, volunteer and paid fire
marshals, rural and urban, everybody has a voice on criti-
cal issues. This has not always been the case. Sometimes
in the past, contentious issues arose that split us apart
and weakened our clout. It really wasn’t until the Fire
Academy Act of 1992 that all of our folks started pulling
together for the good of all on a regular basis.
                                                                 From Left: Lane Pace, Sen. Patricia W. Jones, former Senator Brent
This year a potentially divisive issue could have pitted ca-     Goodfellow, Sen. Curtis S. Bramble, Rep. Larry B. Wiley, Rep. Todd E.
reer and volunteer against each other but it has not. I have     Kiser, former Rep. Jim Gowans. All photos courtesy of the Joint Coun‑
previously written about the Volunteer Disability Benefit        cil of Fire Service Organizations.
that was de-funded by retirement legislation last year. In
working with two effective legislators we were able to get       Photos courtesy of the Joint Council of Fire Service Organizations

14 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                             April - June 2011 | 15
                                                                                                                                      hurdle had already been cleared. A task force was created   devastating. This demonstrates the need for the push for
                                                                                                                                      with representation throughout the state. A draft plan      a strong system to mobilize resources to affected areas
                                                                                                                                      was approved in the UFCA winter business meeting of         in a timely manner.
                                                                                                                                      2009. Since that time, the plan has been exercised in a
                                                                                                                                      tabletop (TTX) format and will soon undergo a full scale    The Fire Service Mutual Aid Response Plan is a “living”
                                                                                                                                      training exercise. One major issue still to be resolved     document intended to be exercised and refined as the
                                                                                                                                      is the resource management portion. The “real time”         best practices unfold. We welcome comments and look
                                                                                                                                      availability and tracking of resources is an area that we   forward to developing “depth” in the county and regional
                                                                                                                                      are currently addressing. There are several programs        coordinator positions. Please contact the Utah State Fire
                                                                                                                                      that we have explored, such as FEMA’s IRIS (Incident        Chiefs Association or the Utah State Fire Marshal’s Office
                                                                                                                                      Resource Inventory System), Ohio Resource Tracking          for questions or concerns and especially if you desire to
                                                                                                                                      System and RD3. We are working with Chief Warren            serve in one of the above capacities!
                                                                                                                                      to make some decisions in the near future based on the
                                                                                                                                      IAFC’s recommendations. Additionally, we are revising       No one stands alone, and everyone has an opportunity to
                                                                                                                                      the flow chart so it will be more comprehensive, yet easy   be part of a comprehensive system to provide assistance
                                                                                                                                      for fire chiefs to implement the aid process. Another       in our neighbor’s biggest time of need and possibly be the
                                                                                                                                      area that is currently being addressed is a statewide       recipient in the future.
                                                                                                                                      training program to develop strike team/task force
                                                                                                                                      leaders. A scaled-down version of the National Wildfire     To view the Utah Fire Service Mutual Aid Plan go to
                                                                                                                                      Coordinating Group S-330 course is one option being         www.utahfirechiefs.org and click on the ‘Documents’ link
                                                                                                                                      explored. Strike teams and task forces are a crucial        in the left column.
                                                                                                                                      component on large-scale events.
                                                                                                       photo by Fitzgerald Peterson

Statewide Mutual Aid Plan                                                                                                             “Am I prepared?”, “Do I understand automatic and mutual aid agreements?”,
                                                                                                                                      “Do I know how to activate the state mutual aid system?”, “What resources am
Ensures No One Stands Alone                                                                                                            I willing to share, knowing I might be the recipient of aid in the future?”
by Kevin Ward

“All Governments have a moral and legal responsibility         am I willing to share, knowing I might be the recipient                One component of the plan that the task force felt was
to prepare for and protect the citizens in their community     of aid in the future?”                                                 essential was to utilize existing Utah Department of
from the destructive forces of natural or man caused                                                                                  Public Safety Homeland Security regions. The regional
disasters. In these unstable times, this focus becomes even    The Utah State Fire Chiefs Association (UFCA) was                      component is necessary for span of control and better
greater with increasing populations of growth in many          asked by the International Association of Fire Chiefs                  statewide coordination. The initial focus has been on
communities around the state,” says former Assistant           (IAFC) to formulate a comprehensive mutual aid response                Region 1 (Box Elder, Cache, Davis, Morgan, Rich and
Chief Jerry Smith of the California Office of Emergency        plan several years ago. The Department of Homeland                     Weber counties) and Region 2 (Salt Lake, Summit,
Services in his book No One Stands Alone! Although             Security provided grant funding through the IAFC to state              Tooele, Utah and Wasatch counties). The intent was to
the book is about the fire service mutual aid system in        chiefs organizations to assist in plan development. Mike               ‘work out the bugs’ with the major portion of the Wasatch
California, his comment is applicable to the entire State of   Warren, retired Fire Chief of Corona, CA, was assigned                 Front and then spread implementation throughout the
Utah. This is true now more than ever, given the current       as our “technical expert.” Chief Warren brought with him               remaining regions and counties. As a reminder, the State
economic condition created by the recession. Cutbacks          a track record of successful statewide mutual aid plan                 Plan Coordinator is the State Fire Marshal, under the
at the local, state and federal levels are prevalent. We in    development in several states. Additionally, Mike had                  direction of the Commissioner of Public Safety.
the fire service are being asked to “do more with less”        over 30 years of experience in the California mutual aid
on a daily basis. As potential catastrophic threats from       system, adding a true “real world” best practices element.             This past year, the Machine Gun fire threatened the               The Cedar Fort Fire Department borrowed
wildfires, earthquakes, floods and WMDs seem to be             His numerous trips here and time spent with emergency                  community of Herriman. Through quick automatic and                the forcible entry trailer on OCT 20th. Thank
on the horizon more than ever before, fire chiefs ask the      managers was a key component to the plan’s success.                    mutual aid, the outstanding firefighting efforts led by           you for letting us utilize UFRA's fantastic
prudent questions: “Am I prepared?”, “Do I understand                                                                                 the Unified Fire Authority minimized the fire’s impact.           training tools!!!
automatic and mutual aid agreements?”, “Do I know how          As enabling legislation was already in place due to the                Had this fire been in an area not so rich in resources
to activate the state mutual aid system?”, “What resources     efforts of Representative Curt Oda (R-Clearfield), a major             and local mutual aid, the consequences could have been                - Cedar Fort Fire Department

16 | UFRA Straight Tip

                                                                                                                                         G WI
                                                                                                                                                 UTAH LIvINg                            CERTIFICATION


                                                                                                                                                 wITH FIRE
                                                                                                                                                 by Erin Darboven
                                                                                                                                                                                        TESTINg PROCESS
                                                                                                                                                                                        by Amanda Mackintosh

                                                                                                                             About us
                                                                                                                             The Utah Living with Fire organization (ULwF) con-         I would like to take a moment of your time to explain
                                                                                                                             sists of citizens aligned with federal, state and local    the policy on requesting a certification test and the
                                                                                                                             agencies concerned about the ever-increasing threat        importance of the 30 days notice.
                                                                                                                             of wildfire in Utah. ULwF operates under the prem-
                                                                                                                             ise that education is the key to understanding how to      Here is our step-by-step process…
                                                                                                                             adapt to living with wildfire. ULwF outreach efforts
                                                                                                                             encourage communities to work together with neigh-            • Once we receive the request form, we
                                                                                                        photo by Matt Call   boring land management agencies. ULwF believes                  process the data and a confirmation letter is
                                                                                                                             we all have a role in protecting ourselves and each             sent to the requesting department. Please be
                                                                                                                             other from the risk of wildfire.                                sure to fill out the entire form, since missing

wHAT’S BEEn HAPPEnInG In                                                                                                     Case in point
                                                                                                                             The Machine Gun Fire that impacted the community
                                                                                                                                                                                             information will cause a delay in the process.
                                                                                                                                                                                           • The next step is locating a tester that is certi-
                                                                                                                                                                                             fied to test on the subject matter. Depending

wAynE COUnTy?
by Don Adams
                                                                                                                             of Herriman, Utah this past September is a vivid
                                                                                                                             reminder that most of us live in an area that could be
                                                                                                                             affected by wildfire. Utah Living with Fire was estab-
                                                                                                                                                                                             on the test and how many people need to test,
                                                                                                                                                                                             we might need to locate 5-6 testers. This may
                                                                                                                                                                                             take longer in some cases depending on the
                                                                                                                             lished to help local citizens recognize what constitutes        testers’ availability.
                                                             men because they could be booby trapped, which poses a          a Wildfire Urban Interface, help reduce the risk of           • Once we locate a tester, we assemble the tes-
                                                             significant threat to anyone innocently in the area. Ad-        damaging wildfire to property and encourage defen-              ter boxes. We are required to mail the boxes
                                                             ditional danger is added to anyone who stumbles into the        sible space actions within communities at risk.                 10 days before the test.
                                                             area finding the growers armed and actively patrolling
                                                             their marijuana grows. Utah’s largest grow was found on         Membership Drive                                           We hope that you are now able to better understand the
                                                             Boulder Mountain, which has been the site for multiple          Utah Living with Fire is currently seeking new             process and the importance of the 30 days notice policy
                                                             grows. Many members of the Sheriff’s Department and             recruits across Utah to represent their respective         in order to set up a test. Thank you for your cooperation
                                                             Search and Rescue actively patrol the area so that growers      geographic areas. ULwF is looking for enthusiastic         in helping us make this a smooth process for you.
                                                             are aware: They are not welcome here.                           members who have a desire to learn and share infor-
Apparatus Acquisition                                                                                                        mation as it relates to wildfire and community safety.     You can find the request form online at http://www.
Lyman Fire Department received an early Christmas gift       Our Members                                                                                                                uvu.edu/ufra/certification/forms.html. Once the form is
with the purchase of a previously owned engine from          Wayne County Fire Departments are known for their               past projects                                              completely filled out, it may be faxed to 801-374-0681.
South Salt Lake. This purchase was made possible by the      ability to work together. Many of our trainings are county      In 2009, the Utah Living with Fire succeeded in pro-       The form can also be mailed to: 3131 Mike Jense Park-
service of a Wayne County Fire water tender on the previ-    wide with departments training together such as in our          ducing a multi-media information package for hom-          way, Provo, UT 84601.
ous summer’s Twitchell Canyon fire. Money from the           current Rope Rescue class. Many members also serve with         eowners focused on protecting home and property in
Twitchell fire was augmented by a grant from the Special     other public safety organizations such as the ambulance         the event of wildfire. Products within the educational     For more information on the policy please refer to:
Services District to buy this engine. The grant benefited:   service, Search & Rescue, and the Sheriff's office.             package include a segmented instructional DVD ac-          http://www.uvu.edu/ufra/certification/Approved_
Lyman Fire Department with the engine from South Salt                                                                        companied by an instructional handbook complete            pp%208-26-09.pdf
Lake; Hanksville Fire Department with the acquisition                                                                        with landscaping and building materials ideas.
of Lyman's existing engine; and a Wayne County water                                                                                                                                    For further information contact the Certification
tender is now re-positioned from Lyman to Bicknell.                                                                          Expectations                                               Department at 801-863-7700 or toll free at 1-888-548-
Therefore one purchase was able to upgrade the response                                                                      Members of Utah Living with Fire meet quar-                7816. We are happy to assist you.
capability of three departments.                                                                                             terly, generally in Salt Lake City, but with confer-
                                                                                                                             ence call capabilities for members outside the             Lori Howes, Program Manager
Marijuana Grows                                                                                                              Salt Lake City area.                                       Kelly Berendson, Certification Coordinator
Utah firefighters wear many hats, some more unsuspect-                                                                                                                                  Pat Nakai, Administrative Assistant
ing than others. The marijuana grows are of particular                                                                       For more information about us contact Tyre                 Lori Marshall, Certification Assistant
interest to those of us who are firefighters and outdoors-                                           photo by Matt Call      Holfeltz at 801.538.7487 or tyreholfeltz@utah.gov          Mandy Mackintosh, Certification Assistant

18 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                                 April - June 2011 | 19
                                                                                                                                    •   Team cohesion factors                                        •   Team building
                                                                                                                                    •   Ethical decision-making                                      •   Detecting operational error
                                                                                                                                    •   After Action Review techniques                               •   Managing stress

                                                                                                                                In this course NWCG defines the leadership values and            The intent of this training is to provide unit supervisors
                                                                                                                                principles that they would like their leaders to lead from.      with the tools to build and maintain effective and cohesive
                                                                                                                                They cover the challenges that new leaders will face as          crews and teams. This course is required for those individ-
                                                                                                                                they make the transition from being a follower to being          uals that desire to be qualified as a Strike Team Leader or
                                                                                                                                the leader of a group or team. This awareness of the chal-       Unit Leader and provides in-depth real-world knowledge
                                                                                                                                lenges allows new leaders to avoid the pitfalls that would       that helps facilitate the transition to those roles.
                                                                                                                                hinder their progress towards becoming better leaders. It
                                                                                                                                teaches how and when to use different styles of leader-          The final step in the process is the L-381 course. Similar
                                                                                                                                ship to fit the situation, in affect giving new leaders tools    to the L-380 course, but applicable to any public safety

lEADERSHIP In THE wIlDlAnD                                                                                                      to work with as they gain experience. The course teaches
                                                                                                                                us what makes a good team and gives the new leader the
                                                                                                                                tools needed to create cohesive team environments. These
                                                                                                                                                                                                 leader, this course cannot be found in the NWCG cur-
                                                                                                                                                                                                 riculum. The NWCG sets course recommendations and
                                                                                                                                                                                                 standards and certifies cadres to teach the courses once

by Duane Woolsey
                                                                and starts by introducing students to the human factors
                                                                involved in wildland firefighting and targets all entry-level
                                                                                                                                things along with teaching the correct use of the After
                                                                                                                                Action Review as a learning and teaching tool make this a
                                                                                                                                very powerful course for new leaders.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 they are developed. Minimum course length is 32 hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                 and the training must be designed to provide at least 50%
                                                                                                                                                                                                 of the delivery time as exercises and simulations. As with
                                                                incident personnel. The following subjects are introduced                                                                        L-380 a dedicated cadre of at least three instructors is rec-
“The most valuable officer in a regiment is the sergeant.       and explored to give students an idea of what will be ex-       A very important element of the L-280 course is the Field        ommended and class sizes range from 18-25 students. The
The true sergeant is born not made…a priceless gift from        pected of them as a member of a team:                           Leadership Assessment Course (FLAC). This portion of             course materials addresses the following topic areas:
the gods.” This statement from a U.S. Army Colonel in                                                                           the course provides scenarios in which the students are
1911 leads us to believe that leadership is a skill that            •   Situational awareness                                   provided with an opportunity to put the newly learned                •   Command presence/climate
comes to us in the form of a gift from the gods and leads           •   Basic communication skills/responsibilities             skills into practice. The FLAC requires students to work             •   Leader’s intent
us to assume that we are leaders or we aren’t, end of story.        •   Attitude and stress barriers                            through a series of problems while participating as a mem-           •   Command and control
Another statement from a U.S. Army General spoken in                •   Decision-making process                                 ber or leader of a small team. The FLAC allows students              •   Rapid team building
1954 states: “The one quality that can be developed by              •   Teamwork principles                                     to make mistakes and learn from them in a controlled en-             •   Communication techniques
studious reflection and practice is leadership.” This state-                                                                    vironment where mistakes are not a threat to life or career.         •   Detecting and mitigating errors
ment would lead us to believe that by hard work and prac-       At the end of this course students should have an under-                                                                             •   Operational tempo awareness
tice we can attain the qualities that would make us a good      standing of their responsibilities as they relate to address-   The next step in the NWCG leadership courses is the
leader. These two statements are at odds, and when we           ing the human performance issues that they will encounter       L-380 course. This is a leadership development training          The intent of this training is to provide future leaders of
add the following statement from Vince Lombardi things          as part of a team/crew of firefighters. This training will      course recommended for unit supervisors. This course is          Divisions, Groups, and Type 3 incidents with the leader-
get even more confusing. “Leaders aren’t born they are          help them integrate more effectively into teams/crews that      not available in the NWCG curriculum; instead NWCG               ship tools to effectively provide command and control
made…and they are made just like anything else, through         are operating in high-risk, dynamic work environments.          has set a standard for the development and implementa-           over a quickly assembled team in a time constrained and
hard work.” Regardless of which side of the argument you        This course is a quick introduction to some of the respon-      tion of a course and several providers have developed            rapidly changing incident environment. This training is
stand on we all recognize leadership when we see it.            sibilities of leadership and what it takes to work as part of   courses that meet that standard.                                 to target personnel that desire to be qualified as Division/
                                                                an effective team.                                                                                                               Group Supervisors or Incident Commander Type 3. The
The National Wildfire Coordination Group (NWCG)                                                                                 The minimum course length is 32 hours and the training           cadre for this course will have the same qualifications and
was uncomfortable with leaving leadership up to                 The next course in the curriculum is the L-280 course           is designed so that at least 50% of the delivery time is         skill set of the cadre providing the L-380 instruction.
either gift’s from the gods or self-guided hard work            titled, Followership to Leadership. This course requires        used for exercises and simulations. Since low-student-
and reflection. This led them to designing a leadership         eight to ten classroom hours and eight to ten hours of ex-      to-instructor ratios are necessary for successful exercise/      The overall benefit of these courses is that they are tai-
curriculum that starts with a firefighter’s introduction        ercises. The L-280 course is where the “rubber meets the        simulation-based training delivery, a dedicated cadre of         lored to advance an individual through the levels of lead-
to Wildland firefighting and continues as a firefighter’s       road” as far as NWCG leadership classes are concerned.          at least three instructors are used for class sizes that range   ership that they will encounter as they move through the
career progresses into even more complicated leader-            This course delivers the basics of the leadership environ-      from 20-25 students. The cadre will have career back-            logical progression of their careers. They start by setting
ship roles. This article is meant to be an introduction to      ment and sets the stage for future courses. This course is      grounds and expert level knowledge in principle-centered         the standards required for being a productive part of the
the L-series of leadership classes.                             designed as a self-assessment opportunity for individuals       leadership, emergency incident operations, human factors         team and then provide the basic knowledge needed to start
                                                                preparing to step into a leadership role and covers the fol-    and decision-making and as such are able to provide a            down the leadership path. They then follow up by expand-
As previously stated, the introduction to leadership starts     lowing topics:                                                  realistic learning environment for the students. The course      ing on the knowledge base as the leadership roles grow in
with the Introduction to Wildland Firefighting. This intro-                                                                     materials address the following topic areas:                     scope and complexity. All of us who aspire to either work
duction is by way of the L-180 course that is embedded in           •   Leadership values and principles                                                                                         as part of a high performing team, whether in a leadership
the courses required to get one’s initial wildland firefight-       •   Transition challenges for new leaders                       •   Application of leadership styles                         role or as a strong team member, will benefit from the L-
ing certification. The L-180 course is a six-hour course            •   Situational leadership                                      •   Communicating vision and intent                          series leadership courses.

20 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                                              April - June 2011 | 21
                    Department In FoCus
Creativity and contribution from:                                                                                        Lone Peak handcrews are equipped with a command              tified as a recognized Interagency Hotshot Crew (IHC),
Gary Peck: Lone Peak Manager                                                                                             vehicle and three crew carriers. Each of our two heavy       Lone Peak became the first state-sponsored cooperative
Wade Snyder: UFRA Superintendent                                                                                         engines include a chase truck, while the light engines       partnership hotshot crew in the nation.
Scott Nielson: UFRA Assistant Superintendent                                                                             are self-contained. All resources include a laptop
Lyle Jennings: Twin Peaks Crewboss                                                                                       computer and GPS units capable of basic mapping.             Interagency Hotshot Crews are diverse teams of career
Nate Barrons: Dromedary Peaks Fuels Leader                                                                               Additionally, all resources include a full complement        and temporary employees who uphold a tradition of
Kris Bruington: Lone Peak IHC Superintendent                                                                             of handtools, chainsaws, firing equipment, fuel, water-      excellence and have solid reputations as multi-skilled
Allen Briggs: Engine 67 Captain                                                                                          handling equipment, basic medical equipment and food         professional firefighters. Centered on strong core values,
Brad Chandler: Engine 68 Captain                                                                                         and water for at least 48 hours.                             the Lone Peak Hotshots provide the wildland fire fight-
                                                                                                                                                                                      ing community a professional, hardworking, and safe
Overview:                                                                                                                Vehicle and Apparatus:                                       resource. Wildland fire suppression is the number one
The Lone Peak Conservation Center (LPCC) is a facil-                                                                        • International 7800 T-3 Engine ................2         priority of the Lone Peak Hotshots; additional work in-
ity as well as a fire management program within Utah's                                                                      • Dodge 5500 Supt. Trucks........................2        cludes fuels reduction and natural resource-based projects
Division of Forestry, Fire and State Lands located in                                                                       • Ford F-550 Supt. Trucks .........................2      throughout the State of Utah.
Draper, Utah. LPCC has delivered support services for                                                                       • Dodge 5500 Crew Carrier .......................6
wildland fire and natural resource projects nationally                                                                      • Ford F-550 Crew Carrier ........................6       Five career staff members provide supervision for up to
for over thirty years. The mission of LPCC is to support                                                                    • Ford F-550 T-6 Engine ............................3     seventeen highly trained hotshot crewmembers recruited
Division programs and provide fire and land manage-                                                                         • Vermeer Chippers ...................................4   from across the nation. Each year, Lone Peak’s fire season
ment services to cooperators.                                                                                               • International Chipper Trucks ..................3        begins in mid-April with two weeks of critical training.
                                                                                                                            • Support Staff Vehicles.............................4    After completing critical training and a complex base
The name Lone Peak was chosen from the Wilderness            improve forest health. By 2003, the inmate crews and                                                                     review, the crew will be available for national dispatch by
Area in the heart of the Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National        engines were replaced with civilian resources.              lone Peak Hotshots:                                          May 1st and complete the season at the end of October
Forest. Strong history, program adaptation and an en-                                                                    Established in 2001 and building on the leadership           unless extended.
gaged atmosphere for employee and staff development          Today:                                                      platform of the Flame-n-Go Hotshots, Lone Peak formed
are all keys to Lone Peak’s success.                         Resources currently operating out of the Draper facil-      a joint partnership between the Forest Service (Uinta-       In the 2011 fire season, Lone Peak Hotshots will celebrate
                                                             ity include the Lone Peak Hotshots, UFRA Crew, Twin         Wasatch-Cache) and Utah Division of Forestry. Once cer-      their 10th anniversary.
LPCC is comprised of three office buildings, two training    Peaks, Dromedary Peak, and the Lone Peak Engines.
facilities, a 100-person cache, a saw shop and tool shop,    Completion of natural resource and fire management proj-                                                                                         UFRA Team:
two locker rooms, and additional storage locations.          ects is an integral part of LPCC’s self-sustaining model.                                                                                        The most unique program hosted
                                                             To help accomplish this, the seasonal work force will                                                                                            by LPCC is the UFRA internship
History:                                                     reach 100 employees each summer.                                                                                                                 established through a partner-
The program began in 1978, with Glenn Beagle’s vision                                                                                                                                                         ship with Utah Valley University
to provide outside rehabilitative work for inmates at the    All LPCC Resources are dispatched through the Northern                                                                                           (UVU). Lone Peak employees
Utah State Prison. The Division of Forestry partnered        Utah Interagency Fire Center (NUIFC). The resources                                                                                              have hands-on involvement with
with the Utah State Prison to establish Utah's first vol-    travel nationally and are considered extended attack                                                                                             the students receiving wildland
unteer inmate wildland handcrew. The inmates named           resources unless ordered otherwise. The exception to                                                                                             training at UVU’s Utah Fire and
themselves the "Flame-n-Go’s,” pronounced "flamingos."       national dispatch is the Dromedary Peaks crew, which is                                                                                          Rescue Academy (UFRA). Upon
For over twenty years, the Flame-n-Go’s ran crews and        considered a local initial attack resource.                                                                                                      completion of the curriculum,
engines in support of wildland fire management. Funding                                                                                                                                                       students can then apply in a
constraints and new standards for security and certifica-    When not assigned to wildfire, all LPCC resources com-                                                                                           competitive process to be part of
tion propelled the change from inmate employment to a        plete fuel mitigation or natural resource projects. Each                                                                                         the UFRA team. The UFRA team
civilian-based workforce.                                    crew will camp at, or commute to project locations to                                                                                            consists of the UFRA Wildland
                                                             complete assignments. Crews are equipped with extensive                                                                                          Crew, Twin Peaks, and Drome-
In 2000, the LPCC expanded its fire management service       camp kits and maintain self-sufficiency during remote                                                                                            dary Peaks. This engaged learn-
by organizing several state fire and fuels crews. This new   camp situations. This technique was delveloped early in                                                                                          ing opportunity applies classroom
strategy complemented the National Fire Plan's efforts       Lone Peak’s hisory to reduce travel exposure, increase
to reduce wildfire hazards in the urban interface, and       production, and lower cost.                                                                                                                      Continued on next page

22 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                                  April - June 2011 | 23
                                                                                                                            for complex fire assignments, all-risk assignments,            engines were added to the program. Equipped with a Wa-
                                                                                                                            and fuels reduction projects.                                  terous CPK3 2 stage pump (500gpm @ 150psi or 80gpm
                                                                                                                                                                                           @ 600psi) and a 750 gallon water tank, this configuration
                                                                                                                            Dromedary Peaks:                                               effectively classifies these engines as both Type 3 and
                                                                                                                            Dromedary Peaks Fuel Module began in 2007 as part of           Type 4. The engines are designed to function in both the
                                                                                                                            the UFRA Internship Program. It provides UVU stu-              wildland and urban interface environments.
                                                                                                                            dents and others opportunity to gain field experience and
                                                                                                                            valuable training as entry-level wildland firefighters. The    The Lone Peak Engines run six person modules on the
                                                                                                                            crew’s mission: to provide fire management and forest          heavy engines and a three person module with the light
                                                                                                                            health services to the State of Utah and associated coop-      engines. The staff are currently building depth by adding
                                                                                                                            erators, is fulfilled by its staff of one supervisor, two or   full time assistants on the Type 3’s.
                                                                                                                            three squad leaders and a crew of sixteen firefighters.
                                                                                                                                                                                           Future Events and Challenges:
                                                                                                                            In addition to providing superior forestry/fuels produc-       This spring, the new Northern Utah Interagency Fire Cen-
                                                                                                                            tion results, Dromedary has the equipment and staffing to      ter (NUIFC) will begin groundbreaking within the current
                                                                                                                            release one squad for local initial attack. The future goal    LPCC footprint in Draper.
                                                                                                                            for Dromedary Peak is to obtain type II crew status.
                                                                                                                                                                                           Challenges facing LPCC include maintaining a balance of
                                                                                                                            Dromedary’s season starting in May and ending in August        cost recovery and cost containment. The center is special-
                                                                                                                            meets the schedule of students returning to school for         ized and uniquely beneficial to the State’s economy and
                                                                                                                            fall semester. Those not going back to school may have         environment. We welcome the challenges of the future
Continued from previous page                                                                                                the opportunity to fulfill other positions with other LPCC     and will strive to continue providing a high level of ser-
principles to the front lines of wildland fire and fuels      while safely completing complex missions in a fast-           resources. The second half of the 2010 fire season pro-        vice and adapt to change. To learn more about resources,
reduction applications.                                       paced, high-risk environment.                                 vided opportunities for outstanding Dromedary personnel        employments, and services, visit our website at www.
                                                                                                                            who were not returning to school to gain experience as         lonepeak.utah.gov.
The UFRA wildland program was established in 2003. In         Lone Peak and UVU continue to support the UFRA                replacements on the UFRA and LPCC crews.
the spring of 2010, LPCC expanded the UFRA Team, and          Crew’s mission of organizing and training students dem-
enhanced the three-practicum structure to afford students     onstrating ability and determination. UFRA will continue      lone Peak Engines:
a clear path to grow into experienced firefighters. The       to provide qualified crew members with opportunities to       In 2003, the Lone Peak
internship takes place between the months of May and          gain experience, and grow as we undertake complex and         Engine program began and
September and each practicum is worth five credits.           challenging assignments in the 2011 fire season.              staffed five type 6 engines
                                                                                                                            that remained from the
Practicums:                                                   Twin Peaks:                                                   Flame-n-Go program. Due
Practicum I: Basic knowledge and understanding of             Twin Peaks, established in 2003, also derives its name        to the age and equipment
               operations and wildland fundamentals           from a Wasatch Range landmark. In 2010, Twin Peaks in-        limitations, LPCC started
Practicum II: Develop technical skills with specialized       tegrated into the UFRA Team and plays an important role       plans to upgrade equip-
               tools and continue fundamentals                in the classroom and on-the-job training of firefighters as   ment and reconfigure the
Practicum III: Strengthen technical skills and begin          a platform crew of the UFRA team.                             program. The new Type 6
               leadership development                                                                                       engines were developed
                                                              Twin Peak’s mission is to provide a qualified, profession-    and equipped with a Wa-
UFRA Crew:                                                    al team of personnel, individually capable of achieving       terous E-500 series pump
Building on the foundation established in 2003, the           objectives specified by incident management teams and         package and aluminum
UFRA Crew has grown into an organized, safe, and well-        cooperators.                                                  service package. The new
trained resource. In 2010, UFRA began its pursuit of Type                                                                   “all internal” design was
I status. Currently as a Type I trainee crew it meets Hot-    Twin Peaks staffing includes the leadership of four per-      created thus avoiding ex-
shot mobilization standards and will continue to complete     manent firefighters, all of whom have participated            ternal storage and provid-
the required field and peer reviews prior to submitting the   in the three practicums, and seventeen seasonal               ing added space.
formal request for certification.                             wildland firefighters gaining experience though the
                                                              practicums outlined.                                          In 2008, extensive re-
The crew consists of a permanent staff of five career em-                                                                   search and feasibility stud-
ployees and up to seventeen seasonal employees. UFRA          Pride in ethics and professionalism are the founda-           ies were completed and
crew members pride fitness, take pleasure in hard work,       tion that allow Twin Peaks to have the opportunity to         pursuit of Type 3 wildland
and enjoy functioning as a team. As a team they share         continue its history of success as a versatile resource       engines began. By 2009
the successes of a cohesive crew overcoming challenges                                                                      two new Type 3 wildland

24 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                                      April - June 2011 | 25
                                                                                                 photo by Matt Call

                                                                                                 agencies are now work-
                                                                                                 ing together to provide
                                                                                                 training, communicate
                                                                                                 at meetings and work to-
                                                                                                 gether on activities such
                                                                                                 as the Utah Wildland En-
                                                                                                 gine Training workshops.

                                                                                                  Radio communication
                                                                                                  has also played a major
                                                                                                  role in the interaction of
                                                                                                  various fire agencies. The
                                                                                                  fire departments use the                                                                                                         photo by Dan Cather
                                                                                                  800 Mhz radio system
                                                                                                  while federal agencies

A STRUCTURAlly wIlD                                                                               use more traditional high
                                                                                                  band radios. The two
                                                                                                  systems are not compat-
                                                                                                                               wIlDlAnD ACADEMIC UPDATE
                                                                                                                               by Dan Cather

by Roice Arnold, Wasatch Front Fire Management Officer,
                                                                ible and can cause major problems on incidents. Some fire
                                                                departments now have high band radios, which help to
                                                                lessen the problem. However most departments still rely
                                                                                                                               Fall 2010 was the start of having college-accredited
                                                                                                                               classes for fourteen of the NWCG courses being offered at
                                                                                                                                                                                            (engine) requires the S-290 Intermediate Wildland Fire
                                                                                                                                                                                            Behavior course. You as an individual and/or depart-
State of Utah‑Forestry, Fire & State Lands                      on the state wildland representatives to communicate with      UFRA. These NWCG courses can be applied to the AAS           ment now have the option to take this course on-line at
                                                                both the fire departments and the federal partners to ensure   in Wildland Fire Management degree. Additional courses       http://www.meted.ucar.edu/dl_courses/S290/.
The relationship between structural fire departments            every message is communicated clearly and quickly.             will be added each semester with the approval of UVU. If
and the state & federal agencies has sometimes been                                                                            you have questions, or would like to register please con-    As you can see the training is becoming easier and
considered to be rough at best. One of the major topics         A unified incident command post is also vital to ensure        tact a student advisor at UFRA, 801-863-7700.                streamlined to meet your needs. If you have any ques-
of concern was who actually had responsibility for fire         every one can communicate and everyone is given the                                                                         tions and/or training needs, please feel free to contact
suppression in certain areas. Over the years there have         same message. This is also essential for the multiple          wildland Online Refresher Courses:                           your UFRA Program Manager or Dan Cather, Wildland
been several arguments over who was right and who was           fire managers to be able to share information and make         The http://www.uvu.edu/ufra/training/wildland_re‑            Coordinator at 801-863-7423.
wrong. The problem was often times both sides were cor-         decisions with input from all responsible agencies. Each       fresher.html page located on UFRA’s website is cur-
rect in their argument. With the different layers of respon-    decision can be agreed upon before being delivered to          rently being updated. You can still use the older version
sibility it is common for at least two and sometimes three      the front line forces.                                         located on that page and receive credit for your annual
or more agencies to have suppression responsibilities in                                                                       refresher, 2008 - Look Up, Look Down, Look Around,
a certain area. The way this happens is fire departments        Over the past few years all agencies have made great           IRPG, New Fire Shelter, and Test. Additional links on
have a response area which sometimes includes lands             progress in building and strengthening the relationship        the page were added for general interest, and to support
covered by state or federal agencies which can sometimes        with their partners. As these relationships continue to        further wildland training.
cause confusion. Over the years through hard work, by all       grow and develop there will be more opportunity for all
agencies involved, the relationships away from the fireline     involved to become better managers, which in the end           Skills Crosswalk Training:
have helped to ease the strain during the heat of battle. All   will make everyone safer and more effective.                   Many fire departments within the State have Memoran-
                                                                                                                               dums of Understanding (MOU’s) with the state to send
                                                                                                                               out resources for wildfire incidents. NWCG has recog-
                                                                                                                               nized the additional training that structural firefighters
                                                                                                                               have completed and have taken them into consideration by
                                                                                                                               providing an abbreviated training route.

                                                                                                                               Please go to http://www.usfa.dhs.gov/downloads/pdf/wild‑
                                                                                                                               land_training_crosswalk.pdf for review. We can facilitate
                                                                                                                               training and work with the departments in finishing the
                                                                                                                               required training to meet the outlined requirements found
                                                                                                          photo by Matt Call   within the Skills Crosswalk. The Single Resource Boss          photo by LPCC

26 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                                        April - June 2011 | 27
                                                                                                                                                                                  STRAIgHT TIP
                                                                                                                                     across                                  CROSSwORD PUZZLE
                                                                                                                                     1. Material Safety ________                       1         2                  3            4        5

                                                                                                                                         Sheets are forms provided by                            6
                                                                                                      photo by Fitzgerald Peterson       manufacturers and blenders of
                                                                                                                                         chemicals which provide proper      7             8

                                                                                                                                         waste disposal information.

                       COMMUnITy MATTERS
                                                                                                                                     4. Laminated glass is also
                                                                                                                                         known as _______ glass.

                                                                                                                                     6. Location of 2011 Winter                                                                                     11

                       looking Back to Move Forward                                                                                      Fire School.
                                                                                                                                     9. Aqueous film-forming foam.
                                                                                                                                     10. The carotid _______ supplies

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          13               14

Fuels reduction projects Continue to reduce Wildfire size and Impact                                                                     blood to the brain.                               15                                    16
by Erin Darboven                                                                                                                     15. This type of ladder is
                                                                                                                                         equipped with tormentor
Mention the Machine Gun Fire of September 2010 and             Partnerships are fundamental to our continued successes,                  poles or staypoles that stabi-                                  17              18
many may recall the chaos and destruction resulting from       we depend on our peers from partnering land manage-                       lize the ladder during raising
this human caused wildfire near the community of Her-          ment agencies, the communities we serve, conservation                     and lowering operations.                          19

riman, Utah. In all, the Machine Gun Fire destroyed four       organizations and business interests representing but                 16. ______ of origin is the exact

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Solutions on page 41
                                                                                                                                                                                  20       21    22                                            23
homes, forced the evacuation of about 5,000 people and         not limited to ranching and mining. In fact, many of our                  place where fuel and heat
                                                                                                                                                                             24                                          25
left a charred footprint of over 4,000 acres. Land man-        partners have backed our efforts through funding to help                  source come in contact
agement agencies like the Bureau of Land Management,           achieve the fuels reduction.                                              and a fire begins.
West Desert District, seek to inspire defensible space ac-                                                                           17. The weight of a building                                26                 27
tions on private property before a wildfire as devastating     “The Whole is Greater than the                                            is the _______ load.
as the Machine Gun Fire hits.                                                                                                        21. ________ attack takes place
                                                                Sum of our Parts when We                                                 when a team of firefighters         3. ______ Emergency Planning                12. Red _______ cells carry oxygen
When thinking about the Machine Gun Fire you might                                                                                       enter a building to attempt             Committee ensures adequate                  from the lungs to tissues.
remember the bulldozing efforts by a local citizen. This        Plan for Wildfire Protection”                                            fire suppression.                       resources to respond to a chemi-        13. _______ mortis occurs
citizen worked through the night to establish a fuelbreak                                                                            23. A carpenters handsaw is de-             cal event within a community.               several hours after death.
around the homes. Unlike the citizen’s last-minute efforts                     Brook Chadwick,                                           signed for cutting this material.   4. ______-rescue occurs when                14. These fires involve com-
with the dozer, the primary objective of fuels projects                        Fuels Management,                                     24. ______ hooks are spring-loaded,         a firefighter uses appropri-                bustible metals.
performed by the BLM is to protect life and property by                        West Desert District                                      retractable, curved metal pieces.       ate tools and techniques to             16. Fire investigators are
reducing the amount of flammable fuels on public land                                                                                25. Exothermic reaction is the re-          remove him or herself from                  cross-trained as _______
surrounding communities at risk from wildfire before a         For instance, Utah Partners for Conservation and De-                      lease of heat _______.                  a hazardous situation.                      officers.
fire starts. Quite simply, fuels projects aim to prevent the   velopment has donated more than $1.2 million toward                   26. In a reverse _______ the line       5. A _______ ladder is a two                18. Evidence that is reported
11th hour, last ditch efforts like those performed on the      our efforts, Rio Tinto has reinforced the work of BLM                     starts at the attack engine and         section, narrow extention                   first hand.
evening of the Machine Gun Fire.                               through fuels reduction on bordering land, Camp Wil-                      ends at the water source.               ladder with no halyard,                 19. PFD is commonly known
                                                               liams has created fuelbreaks using ruminators such as                 27. A direct ______ involves apply-         which has limited length, but               as a _______ vest.
For the past decade, the BLM in northern Utah has              goats, and countless community neighboring residents                      ing extinguishing agents directly       can be extended manually.               20. Accordian _______ load.
treated more than 100,000 acres on public lands managed        have performed their own defensible space actions                         to the burning fuel.                7. Casement windows use a                   22. A McLeod _______ is used for
by the BLM surrounding communities-at-risk of wildfire.        through landscape reconfiguration and choosing respon-                                                            _______ mechanism to open                   constructing fire lines and over-
Removing these fire fuels can make a difference between        sible building materials for home improvements such as                Down                                        away from the building.                     hauling woodland fires.
a manageable fire and an uncontrollable blaze. In addition     decking, roofing and windows.                                                                                 8. Ladder beam made of one con-             23. A gated _______ separates a
to community protection, fuels reduction projects also                                                                               2. This type of material can                tinuous piece of I shaped metal             single hose into two separate
help address deteriorating rangeland health and a shot of      Here’s to a New Year, Here’s to a renewed effort toward                  cause a victim to suffocate              or fiberglass.                              hoses which can be turned on
local stimulus through contracting opportunities.              wildfire safety in 2011, together. For more information                  when inhaled.                        11. A _______ detector responds to              and off independantly.
                                                               www.utahfireinfo.gov.                                                                                             abnormally high temperatures.

28 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                                                April - June 2011 | 29
                            ETHICAl DECISIOn MAKInG                                                                                                  CLIMBINg THE LADDER
                            In THE wORK PlACE
                            by Paul Stein

                            Scenario:                            Some may say, “It’s no big thing, happens all the time.”                                                                       St. George Fire Department
                              You are a new company of-          Others will feel it wasn’t the right thing to do, but take
                              ficer and you’ve just finished     no action. How many of us will look at this, determine it                                                                      Promotions:
your shift. Your relief, a senior company officer, has called    wasn’t the right thing to do and take the appropriate action?
in sick and your battalion chief had him replaced with an                                                                                                                                       Captain Coty Chadburn            Firefighter Ron Allen
overtime company officer. On your way home, you stop at          In our profession, where honor, integrity and trust are                                                                        Captain Dan Cazier               Firefighter Neal Cazier
the local home supply store to get some gardening supplies.      required every day, whether in the Fire Station, or out on                                                                     Captain Robert Hooper            Firefighter Josh Christiansen
On your way out of the store, you see the company officer        an emergency response, we want to believe that most of us                                                                      Captain Sam Larson               Firefighter Brad Esplin
who had called in sick this morning. He’s carrying a load of     would say this firefighter made a poor decision. When the                                                                      Captain David Slack              Firefighter Tyrone Harward
wood that he’s returning to the store.                           senior company officer was observed at the home supply                                                                         Captain Jerry Tischner           Firefighter Randall Paul
                                                                 store neglecting his firefighter duties, and was witnessed                                                                                                      Firefighter Scott Peacock
what would you say or do, if anything?                           by his co-worker, it created a compromising situation for                                                                      Left: Captains pictured from     Firefighter Kason Traveller
This hypothetical scenario of workplace ethics arises often      both firefighters. The senior company officer abused the                                                                       top left to bottom right         Firefighter Tyler Whitehead
and the way it is handled can have a major impact on one’s       department sick leave policy and probably violated the
career and personal relationships. More importantly, it will     department’s rules and regulations. His decision, if brought
have a direct impact on two vital characteristics required in    to light, could lead to some type of discipline. You, who
our profession: your reputation and your credibility.            observed the company officer, whether you report it to the
                                                                 department or decide to personally talk to the man, or just
Recently society has been deluged with bad decisions by          pretend you didn’t see him, can become a co-conspirator.
talented, highly regarded individuals, often people we have      Think about what you would say as the company officer
actually viewed as role models prior to their “fall from         who saw him, when (or if) you are questioned about this
grace.” The list seems almost endless and includes major         event during a possible investigation.
celebrities, sports idols, politicians, corporate executives,                                                                    Annette Woodhead        Clint Stokes       Julie Black          Jared Hubbard             Mike Kessel           Howard Mendes
clergy, college coaches, and even police and firefighters.       It is our opinion that what is most important to today’s
And remember, these are only the individuals who have had        Fire Service and the maintenance of our high standards,                                                    Clint Stokes was promoted to the
their poor judgment exposed to us by the media, the people       is how do you feel about the company officer’s decision             Sandy Fire                             rank of Captain. Captain Stokes has
who have been “caught!”                                          and subsequent actions? What would you do about it if                                                      been with the Sandy Fire Depart-
                                                                 you were the company officer who saw him? We look                   Promotions                             ment since 2002
It’s not always “bad” people who make bad decisions. If we       forward to hearing your thoughts. Email your thoughts to
are not vigilant, any one of us can find him/herself compro-     andrea.hossley@uvu.edu                                              Annette Woodhead was promoted          Julie Black, Jared Hubbard,
mising his/her principles in a moment controlled by im-                                                                              to the rank of Battalion Chief. Bat-   Mike Kessel, and Howard Men-                 James Schwartz           James Stauber
pulses like self-indulgence, fear, self-interest, intimidation                                                                       talion Chief Woodhead has been         des were all recently promoted to
or pure ambition.                                                                                                                    with Sandy Fire since 1994.            the rank of Engineer.                         firefighters. They will begin
                                                                     west Valley City Fire                                                                                                                                their full-time status starting
Good intentions and moral rhetoric can often be a frag-                                                                                                                     Engineer Mendes started his career            in mid February.
ile deterrent to succumbing to a strong temptation. This,            Dept. Promotions by Bryan Larsen                                                                       with Sandy Fire in 2001, Engineer
coupled with our human capacity to rationalize our acts,                                                                                                                    Black started her career in 2003 and          Sandy Fire congratulates
can often lead to a bad decision. We must strengthen our             The West Valley City Fire Department would like to                                                     Engineer Hubbard and Engineer                 and welcomes all of them to
moral aspirations, and our ethical leadership with continu-          announce the promotions of Captains Joe White and                                                      Kessel both started with the fire             their new positions.
ous self-discipline and good judgment. We have all heard             Chris Beichner to the position of Battalion Chief. Joe                                                 department in 2004
the saying that “integrity” is measured by doing the right           White has served in the fire service for 31 years. Af-                                                                                               If you would like more information
thing even when no one else is watching.                             ter serving as Captain in the Medical Division, Bat-                                                   Sandy Fire also promoted two                  about Sandy City or Sandy Fire De-
                                                                     talion Chief White will assume the role of Battalion                                                   individuals to full-time firefighters.        partment, please contact 801-568-
Regarding our scenario, most of us will agree that the com-          71 on A shift. Chris Beichner has served in the fire                                                   James Schwartz, and James Stau-               2930 or visit http://sandy.utah.gov/
pany officer at the home supply store made a poor decision.          service for 15 years. Battalion Chief Beichner will be        Chief White          Chief Beichner      ber recently served as volunteer              government/fire-department.html.
                                                                     assuming a position over the training division.
30 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                                                   April - June 2011 | 31
                                                                                                                                             would never again be played. In a matter of hours the          the fire room consistent with (the sounds of) falling mate-
                                                                                                                                             contents of the tabernacle would be reduced to a smolder-      rial… my knowledge of the layout of the fire room led me
                                                                                                                                             ing pile of rubble.                                            to believe that either the ceiling or the attached balconies
                                                                                                                                                                                                            were failing and falling into the main room.” At that point
                                                                                                                                             At 2:43 am the dispatch center received the call:              Captain Beaudry withdrew his crew and initiated face-to-
                                                                                                                                                                                                            face communication with Incident Command (IC).
                                                                                                                                             “We’ve got a fire at the tabernacle.”
                                                                                                                                             “Confirm, you have one at the tabernacle?”                     This is the point of a fire response where critical opera-
                                                                                                                                             “Correct. There’s a fire at the tabernacle right now.”         tional decisions have to be made in a matter of seconds
                                                                                                                                             “Copy. We’ll get the fire department enroute.”                 that will have an unalterable impact on the outcome of the
                                                                                                                                             “There’s a fire, the roof is coming down a little bit, and     incident. The decision to initiate an aggressive interior at-
                                                                                                                                             there’s a fire in the center floor.”                           tack or to stage a defensive operation must be made based
                                                                                                                                                                                                            on multiple factors. The most important consideration
                                                                                                                                             Provo Fire stations 23 & 24, Squad 21, and Battalion 22        is obviously life safety. What is the risk vs. benefit? Is
                                                                                                                                             were initially dispatched to the scene. About 12 blocks        there a rescue situation involved? What are the immedi-
                                                                                                                                             south of the tabernacle, Truck 25 and Rescue 25 were           ate resources? What is the construction and layout of the
                                                                                                                                             clearing a response to a notifier alarm at the Provo Towne     building? How advanced is the fire and how fast is it mov-
                                                                                                                                             Centre Mall as the tabernacle call was being dispatched,       ing? And so on…
                                                                                                                                             and they responded as well. Already on the road and in
                                                                                                                                             turnout gear, Truck 25, a 105-foot Pierce Quint, was first
                                                                                                                                             to arrive within one minute of the alarm. Captain Matt
                                                                                                                                             Beaudry, the officer on Truck 25, had reported two col-
                                                                                                                       photo by Blair Camp   umns of smoke visible from 600 South University Avenue,
                                                                                                                                             and upon arrival he further reported smoke showing from
                                                                                                                                             the roof gables at each end and from the eaves the entire

Historic Provo landmark
                                                                                                                                             length of the building. Captain Kevin Paxton on Engine
                                                                                                                                             24, a 55-foot Pierce Quint, reported smoke visible from
                                                                                                                                             the Center Street viaduct at 1-15. It was apparent that this
                                                                                                                                             fire had a considerable head start.

Destroyed by Fire
                                                                                         hosted stake conferences, semi-
                                                                                         nary graduations, funerals, con-                    As Truck 25 arrived Captain Beaudry designated the 100
                                                                                         certs, and many civic events over                   South side of the building as “A” side, and ordered Truck
                                                                                         the years. William Howard Taft,                     25 placed at the A-B (southwest) corner of the building.
by Chief Blair Camp, Provo Fire & Rescue                        the twenty-seventh president of the United States spoke                      This placement had allowed him to see three sides of the
                                                                from the tabernacle podium on September 24, 1909.1                           building as they arrived. He requested a water supply from
The morning of Friday, December 17, 2010 was a typical                                                                                       Engine 24 and ordered Truck 25 to ladder the roof.                                                     photo by Blair Camp
frigid Utah winter morning, but it would be anything but        Although there had been some renovations to the build-
typical for Provo firefighters. B platoon was completing        ing in the mid 80’s and early 90’s, the tabernacle was not                   At 2:48 am Battalion Chief 22, Roger Gourley, a 23-year        As the IC, Battalion Chief Gourley received the status
the last few hours of their 48-hour tour and was due to be      equipped with a fire sprinkler system. There was an alarm                    veteran, arrived on scene and assumed command. At this         report from Captain Beaudry and deliberated briefly.
relieved at 7:00 am by C platoon. The temperature was           system in the building, which was installed in 1985 that                     point the black smoke was not only seeping out of the          He knew the construction of the building, unreinforced
around 15 degrees Fahrenheit in the early morning hours         included smoke detection in limited areas of the building,                   gables and eaves all around the building, but was also rap-    masonry, and that the width of the building, approximately
when the Provo Police/Fire dispatch center received a           but it was not monitored off-site.                                           idly building in intensity. Battalion 22 ordered handlines     64-feet, was spanned with a truss system to support the
radio transmission from a Provo police officer: “We’ve got                                                                                   to the west entrance for an interior assessment. Captain       roof that included no interior columns. The fire was raging
a fire at the tabernacle.”                                      On the evening of December 16, 2010, a dress rehearsal                       Beaudry, along with firefighters Tony Boyer and Jordan         in the attic space where the trusses were contributing to
                                                                for the Lex de Azevedo production of the musical “Glo-                       Fielding, stretched a 2 1/2” hoseline adapted with a wye to    fuel the fire. The probability that there may be a victim or
In Provo it is understood that “the tabernacle” refers to the   ria” was wrapping up around 10:30 pm. There were                             two 1 3/4” lines and entered the building. Rescue 23 was       victims inside the tabernacle in the early morning hours
Provo LDS Tabernacle located at 100 South University            performances scheduled for Friday and Saturday nights,                       assigned as Rapid Intervention Team (RIT). As Captain          was minuscule, and the security officer on the scene pro-
Avenue. Built by early pioneer settlers and owned by the        and there were hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of                     Beaudry’s crew advanced into the building, they reported       vided reliable verification that no potential victims were
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the taber-         musical instruments and production equipment staged in                       fire burning in the center stage area of the building with     inside. To immediately deliver the required amount of wa-
nacle has been a landmark in downtown Provo for over            the building in preparation for the shows. The instruments                   flames approximately 15-20 feet high.                          ter precisely where it would need to be directed to control
100 years. Construction began in 1883 and although not                                                                                                                                                      the fire with the available resources was not possible.
yet fully completed, it hosted LDS General Conferences          . N. LaVerl Christensen, Provo’s Two Tabernacles and the People
                                                                                                                                             In his post-incident narrative report, Captain Beaudry
in 1886 and 1887. Dedicated in 1898, the tabernacle has         who Built Them, (1983).                                                      stated that “I heard two consecutive sounds further into       Continued on next page

32 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                                                         April - June 2011 | 33
                                                                                                     safety officer, and later as       By approximately 4:45 am the roof structure was begin-          would remain on the scene through the night to continue
                                                                                                     public information officer         ning to collapse. The water streams were focused on the         cooling the debris, rotating personnel in and out of the
                                                                                                     (PIO); two off-duty bat-           corner turrets in an effort to keep the fire from threatening   subfreezing temperatures. It wasn’t until approximately
                                                                                                     talion chiefs, Battalion 21        their stability. The roof collapsed completely around 6:00      5:30 pm. on Saturday, December 18, that the fire was de-
                                                                                                     Jeremy Craft and Battalion         am, taking down the balconies. This “pancake style” col-        clared out, and the focus of the scene was shifted entirely
                                                                                                     23 Tom Augustus; and Fire          lapse would prove to be an added challenge in extinguish-       to the investigation of the cause. This would prove to be a
                                                                                                     Chief Blair Camp.                  ing the fire inside the building as there was fire burning      daunting task that would be hampered by extreme weather
                                                                                                                                        under layers of debris.                                         and delayed by the Christmas holidays. At the time this
                                                                                                    The Provo Police depart-                                                                            article was written, the final investigation report had not
                                                                                                    ment provided assistance            Another of the many challenges of this fire involved the        yet been released, but likely will have been released by
photo by Andrea Hossley                                                                             by closing the roads at             copious amount of runoff, which rapidly turned to ice           the time this article is published. At the time of this writ-
                                                                                                    University Avenue and               on the sidewalks, gutters, and streets. The Provo Public        ing the investigators have indicated that they believe the
     Continued from previous page                                     Center Street, University Avenue and 100 South, and at            Works Department assisted by dispatching sanding trucks         fire started in the attic of the tabernacle and burned for a
                                                                      100 South and 100 West. They had barricades delivered             to help mitigate the problem. Because this was to be a          period of time before being reported, allowing the fire to
     Chief Gourley made the call; for the safety of the respond-      to the scene very early in the operation.                         long-term operation, the city also provided a fuel truck. C     exceed the capacity of the fire department to effect an im-
     ing firefighters, this would be a defensive operation. This                                                                        platoon was called back early to assist with the fire opera-    mediate extinguishment.
     fire was to be fought entirely from the exterior. There          Despite the estimated 4000 gallons per minute of water            tions and to enable the cold and tired B platoon personnel
     would be some who would later second guess that tacti-           flowing, the fire conditions were worsening by the min-           to transition from the scene as soon as possible after the
     cal decision, including Gourley himself, but with all            ute. The smoke was getting heavier and was banking                scheduled 7:00 am shift change.
     the fireground factors considered, his decision, which           down inside the building. A collapse zone was estab-
     was based on a combination of experience, training,              lished at the edge of the street, and no personnel were           Almost immediately after fire operations were initiated in
     and intuition proved to be the best and the right choice.        to operate within that zone.                                      the early morning hours, dozens of on-lookers began to
     No firefighters were injured in the operation, and most                                                                            assemble on the surrounding streets and sidewalks, tak-
     importantly, no lives were lost.                                 As the incident progressed, the communication van from            ing pictures and video, shedding tears, and some simply
                                                                      Provo Police was dispatched to the scene and was staged           stood and watched in a state of stunned disbelief. It was
     Truck 25 was ordered to place a water tower in operation         in the Post Office parking lot, where it was utilized as a        obvious this was not just a building on fire; this was “the
     rather than to ladder the roof as previously instructed.         command post and conference room. A tent was set up in            tabernacle.” Its imminent destruction had already struck
     They also placed a ground monitor at the A-B corner of           the middle of 100 South directly west of Truck 25. Heated         a sentimental cord in the community. Video of the fire
     the building. Truck 23, also a 105-foot Quint, was ordered       by two propane heaters, the tent served as a rehab post           was posted on YouTube almost immediately. As day-                                                         photo by Blair Camp
     to set up on the D (east) side of the building and put their     where firefighters could find relief from the frigid temper-      light began to break, the dozens of on-lookers turned
     water tower in service through the east gable. After lay-        atures and where food and beverages were brought in. In           to hundreds. Many asked questions about what might              There will be a number of lessons learned from this
     ing a 5-inch supply line from the hydrant on the corner          addition, the Red Cross arrived on the scene and distrib-         be saved as they watched in astonishment through tear           incident that will be brought to light in the future. It is
     of 100 South and 100 West, Engine 24 was directed to             uted breakfast to the responders as the morning went on.          soaked eyes. The immense public interest would not              impossible to articulate the many intricate details of
     set up a water tower on the A side toward the east end                                                                             wane anytime soon, as news reporters would relentlessly         this incident in this short article, and it is anticipated
     in an effort to direct water through the upper tabernacle         As representatives from the LDS Church and from BYU              call for more information several times a day for the next      that there will be additional opportunities to share more
     windows. Their water supply was a 5-inch line relayed             Productions arrived on the scene, it was learned that the        couple of weeks, sometimes demanding information that           information in the future.
     from Truck 23, which was supplied by a 5-inch line                production trailer that was staged next to the building on       simply was not yet available. Requests for bricks, nails,
     from the hydrant at the northeast corner                                               the west end contained over $1 million      and other remnants of the tabernacle would stream in            “The tabernacle” was an irreplaceable community trea-
     of 100 South and University Avenue.                                                    dollars worth of equipment, and a dis-      over the following days and weeks.                              sure. It was as much a museum as a meeting hall, with
     A second ground monitor was placed                                                     cussion was held concerning removal                                                                         its beautiful ornate pioneer-handcrafted woodwork, and
     into service on the A side supplied by a                                               of the trailer, which was directly in the   At approximately 8:00 am on Friday morning, incident            irreplaceable art work, and captivating history. Thou-
     5-inch line from Truck 25.                                                             path of the west gable in the event of a    command was passed to Battalion 23 Chief Tom Augus-             sands of people in the community hold fond memories
                                                                                            collapse. The production crew indi-         tus. Battalion 22 Chief Gourley insisted on remaining on        of events that they attended there. Many of the heart-
     In addition to the firefighting resources                                              cated that they would need about 30         scene and assumed the role of Safety Officer. With the          broken bystanders on the sidewalk on the morning of
     on scene, Fire Marshal Lynn Schofield                                                  minutes to prepare the trailer to move.     roof completely collapsed, there would be nothing left          December 17th had pioneer ancestors who not only
     had arrived early on, and immediately                                                  Initially, they were given permission       to do but strategically flow water into the burning debris      worked on the building, but also sacrificed financially to
     began interviewing witnesses, taking                                                   to remove the trailer, but the rapid        of the building. It would be necessary to allow the fire to     help it become a reality. Perhaps the biggest tragedy just
     pictures, and observing the fire behavior.                                             advancement of the fire on the west         burn in pockets below the collapsed roof structure until        may be that had there been fire sprinklers in the build-
     This was the beginning of an investiga-                                                end caused increasing concern over          it could be sufficiently cooled. By this time it was appar-     ing along with a monitored fire alarm, this fire may have
     tion that is still in progress at the writ-                                            the stability of the west gable, and the    ent that there would be very little, if anything, inside the    been a mishap rather than a tragedy. Even in instances
     ing of this article. Other resources to                                                permission was revoked. The trailer         structure that could be saved, so the remainder of the day      where the code may not require a retrofit of fire protec-
     respond included Deputy Chief Gary                                                     could be moved later without damage         was spent cooling the debris. At approximately 5:00 pm.         tion systems, the owner of any irreplaceable object or
     Jolley, who initially assumed the role of                 photo by Andrea Hossley      to the equipment.                           Engine 24 was released from the scene. Trucks 23 and 25         structure should at least consider added fire protection.

     34 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                                                 April - June 2011 | 35
by Brent Hobbs
                                                                                                                             in Heart Means a Change in Diet
I have been a member of the fire service for thirty-three      right coronary artery was occluded, but was receiving         flow like a tide flowing in backwards and then flow-           I sent an e-mail to some
and a half years. Three and a half of those years were         blood flow; the blood it was receiving was coming from        ing out with every heartbeat.                                  of my friends at other Fire
spent with North View Fire Department as a volunteer           other arteries, backwards. Years before I suffered a heart                                                                   Departments letting them
and the other thirty years were spent full-time with the       attack and thought this was the reason I had to stop and      I did not realize how much I loved life, loved to be with      know of my heart attack.
West Valley City Fire Department. The last two and a           catch my breath when hiking. It was why I always fell         my family, and loved my job as a firefighter until a heart     Steve Olsen from Mur-
half years I have worked as a Truck Company Captain on         way behind and why I could not run up stairs. I thought       attack came along and tried to take it all away. The           ray City Fire on Tower 83
Tower 74 with West Valley City Fire Department.                this is why it has been so hard to workout and stay in        first meal at home my wife just cried. I asked what was        replied with the “Engine 2
                                                               shape. My right coronary artery got four stents and,          wrong. She said, "I can’t make anything that you will          Diet” website. I checked
                                 Fourteen months ago I         wow, the pain went away. My heart's arteries were open.       eat." Wow, I felt bad and didn't know what to say. But         the website and ordered the
                                 started to have some seri-                                                                  she did well, she came up with some beans, salsa and           book. Steve also sent me
                                 ous angina. I dismissed       The next day I was in intensive care and noticed the          whole-wheat tortilla shells and we ate bean burritos.          a YouTube video named
                                 it as acid reflux. One day    lunch tray at my bedside. On the tray was a sandwich, a                                                                      “Make Yourself Heart At-
                                 at work I had tightness in    big slab of cheese, slice of turkey, wheat bread, mayo,       The next day I went shopping at a club membership              tack Proof” by Caldwell B.
                                 my throat and chest, so I     Sun Chips, chocolate pudding, and a note that said “car-      warehouse. I was intimidated by the food stacked to the        Esselstyn, Jr, MD who is
                                 had Paramedic/Firefighter     diac diet.” I was suspicious of the cheese so I decided I     ceiling and all the foods that I could not eat.                also the author of “Prevent               “After”
                                 Chris Berry do a 12 lead      would only eat half the chips and pudding. Doctor Polu-                                                                      and Reverse Heart Disease.” I watched the video over
                                 EKG on me; it did not         koff came to visit and I got a stern lecture on the oils in   On Sunday my wife tried to bake some muffins with              and over. It had the same effect on me as watching my
                                 show a heart attack. I went   the chips. He told me that I have a metabolic syndrome        applesauce as a substitute for oil, they burned. It was not    angiogram. It strengthened my resolve to change my
                                 to my general practitioner    and that I need to cut out the meats, dairy products, and     a good day and the tears came again.                           ways and become “heart attack proof.”
                                 on February 14, 2010. I       white flour and eat whole grains.
                                 weighed 256 pounds with                                                                     I had to do something to help in the kitchen. After work-      The recipes in the books have helped greatly; the tears in
                                 a cholesterol count of 263.   I told the nurse about the change in diet so she had a di-    ing out at the Rehab center I would go to the health food      the kitchen are gone. I even help in the kitchen now. It’s
         “Before”                I had not checked my cho-     etitian come to the room to help my wife and me with the      stores searching for the things I could eat. It was like       fun cutting up the veggies, being in the kitchen with my
lesterol in four years and this was the highest it had ever    American Heart Association (AHA) diet. Until now I had        going to school reading the ingredients. When the store        wife, and trying new things. One year later I weigh 192
been. The doctor wrote me a prescription for a statin lipid    done pretty well with the AHA diet and I had two heart at-    clerks would ask if they could help, I would just tell them    pounds, 66 pounds less. My last total cholesterol test was
lowering drug and an acid inhibitor. He told me to cut my      tacks while on the AHA diet. The advice on nutrition from     that “I was studying the store.”                               94, 169 mg/dL less. I feel great, and I want to work out.
meal portions in half and scheduled me for a 12 lead EKG       the Doctor and the dietitian were conflicting. My oldest                                                                     I am doing things I thought I would never do again. This
stress test on January 26, 2010.                               son has a degree in Bioinformatics so he researched about                                                                                               last summer I hiked Lone Peak,
                                                               my condition and agreed with my doctor, I could not have                     Butter Bean                                                                Mount Timpanogas, Chasm
The morning of January 25, 2010 I was off-duty and             any animal products.                                                           & Basil Salad                                                            Lake in Rocky Mountain Na-
woke up feeling okay. Lying there, I started to have pains                                                                                                                                                             tional Park and I hiked the river
in my neck, then the pain went across my clavicles, down       That evening I got the “cardiac meal,” Lasagna covered                                                                                                  in the Zion Narrows.
my chest, and then left arm. This pain did not go away         with cheese. I was hungry and ate half the meal. The next              Butter Bean & Basil Salad
like the angina had; I could not rationalize it. Instead of    morning I got the “cardiac diet” again, eggs and ham.                  Makes 6 servings                                                                Enjoy one of my favorite reci-
calling for an ambulance I waited for my wife to come          Finally, I pushed the tray away and decided to go hun-                                                                                                 pes from the book “Prevent and
home. When my wife arrived home, I told her that I could       gry and I explained to the nurse that I couldn’t eat what                3 15-ounce cans butter beans, drained and rinsed                              Reverse Heart Disease,” which
not wait for the stress test tomorrow; I had to know the       they are serving. She went and got the kitchen staff, and                2 garlic cloves, minced                                                       can be found online at: http://
cause of the pain now. We arrived at the emergency room        I told them that I wanted vegetables and fruit for lunch, I              ½ cup (or more) coarsely chopped basil                                        www.heartattackproof.com/.
where I informed them I was having chest pains but that I      received vegetables and fruit for lunch, but they still had              1 16-ounce package frozen corn, thawed under running water
thought it was acid reflux. The doctor ran a 12 lead EKG,      to put cottage cheese on the plate.                                      1 box grape or cherry tomatoes, halved,
which showed clear as day an elevated ST segment. The                                                                                     or 1 large tomato, chopped
print out reflected “Anteroseptal Infarct” and within 5 to     Before leaving the hospital Doctor Polukoff showed                       1 small red onion, chopped (½ cup)                from the book:
10 minutes I was in the Cath Lab.                              me the angiogram of my heart. It was sobering to see                       Juice and zest of 1 lemon                 “Prevent and Reverse
                                                               that I had experienced two heart attacks in two years.                   ¼ cup balsamic vinegar                            Heart Disease”
I received five stents in the left ventricle; the “Widow       I stood in awe that my right coronary heart muscle
Maker” was opened up first. Doctor Polukoff saw that my        had little damage. It was possible to see the blood

36 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                                        April - June 2011 | 37
                                                                                                                                                       wires can be motionless and yet contain fatal amounts of
                                                                                                                                                       current. In addition, depending on the system, an un-
                                                                                                                                                       energized line may be automatically reenergized through
                                                                                                                                                       breakers, bypasses and relay resets. As little as 1/10
                                                                                                                                                       amperes (A) of current can be fatal. A 19,900-volt line
                                                                                                                                                       can contain a 19A current (190 times the fatal amperes).
                                                                                                                                                       Incident Command must contact the local utility company

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 103rd Annual Convention
                                                                                                                                                       and have a representative respond to the scene.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            “Here’s to The Heroes”
                                                                                                                                                       Hazardous Materials: During the scene size-up/assess-
                                                                                                                       Resources that can help the     ment the Incident Commander must assess the scene
                                                                                                                       first arriving emergency        for any signs of hazardous materials (placards may not
                                                                                                                       responders determine the type   always be present). If it is determined that hazardous ma-

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      June 8-11, 2011
                                                                                                                       of materials present include    terials are present then responders must not attempt a res-
                                                                                                                       the U.S Department of Trans‑    cue until the nature of the materials have been determined
An un-energized line may be automatically re-energized through breakers, bypasses and relay resets. As little as       portation’s (DOT) Emergency     and the scene handled appropriately. Resources that can

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Training         Business         Entertainment
1/10 amperes (A) of current can be fatal. A 19,900-volt line can contain a 19A current (190 times the fatal amperes)   Response Guidebook (ERG)        help the first arriving emergency responders determine
                                                                                                                                                       the type of materials present include the U.S Department

wHAT YOU SEE IS wHAT YOU gET!                                                                                                                          of Transportation’s (DOT) Emergency Response Guide-
                                                                                                                                                       book (ERG) and the Chemical Transportation Emergency
                                                                                                                                                       Center (CHEMTREC). CHEMTREC operates 24 hours

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hosted by Price City Fire Department
VehICle extrICatIon, sCene sIze-up/assessment                                                                                                          a day and can be reached through a toll-free hotline at               Make Reservations Early!
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Contact Price City Fire Department for details 435-636-3187
                               by Captain R.E. Young
                                                                                                                                                       Un-deployed Air Bags: Un-deployed air bags are a seri-
                               Safety hazards exist at all vehi-              Fire: A vehicle fire is a serious safety threat to victims               ous safety concern. Air bags can deploy in 0.05 seconds
                               cle extrication emergency inci-                and emergency responders. Incident Command must fac-                     at speeds over 200 mph with an inflating force in excess
                               dents. Implementing procedures                 tor the risk of a vehicle fire into the Incident Action Plan             of 3000 psi. Electrically activated air bags continue to be
                               to reduce the associated risks                 (IAP) and implement control measures to eliminate/con-                   armed as long as the vehicle’s battery is connected and
                               or eliminating the dangers that                trol the danger of vapor flash or fire. NFPA code A.10.1.3               may require from 1 second to 30 minutes to deplete the
                               are inherent with these hazards                states that a “team should be in the ready position with a               reserve power depending on the model. Electrical back-
                               must be completed during the                   charged hose line of at least 38mm (1½in.) diameter or                   feed from plug-in devices such as cell phones, DVD play-
                               scene size-up/assessment phase                 greater (no booster lines) to function as a rapid interven-              ers, computers, and games can provide enough current to
                               of a vehicle extrication incident.             tion and extinguishment team.”                                           allow activation of un-deployed air bags.

All safety hazards or potential hazards must be                               Leaking Fuel: During the scene size-up, Incident Com-                    Hood and Hatch Struts: Commonly found under hoods
controlled as the incident is stabilized and extrication                      mand should look for leaking fuel from all involved ve-                  and in hatchbacks. The struts consist of a two-piece tubu-
activities begin. The Incident Commander must make                            hicles. Fuel leaks can consist of gasoline, diesel, propane,             lar body and are filled with either pressurized fluid or gas.
competent decisions that control, neutralize or elimi-                        butane, natural gas, or other alternate fuels. Once a leak               When heated or cut the strut can become a powerful pro-
nate the existing hazards.                                                    has been detected and the type of fuel identified, proper                jectile that can penetrate fire fighter protective clothing.
                                                                              procedures must be implemented to stop the leak and pre-
Hazards that can be found at an incident include:                             vent the possibility of fire/explosion. Emergency respond-               Size-up/assessment of an extrication incident involves
                                                                              ers should have a working knowledge of the properties                    observing, recognizing, and preventing hazards that
Unstable Vehicles: Unstable vehicles are unsafe and                           and hazards of the most common vehicle fuels. Common                     can endanger the emergency responders as well as the
must be stabilized before any extrication activities begin.                   properties of gasoline include: weight, 5.6 pounds per gal-              victims involved. Hazards must be minimized or elimi-
Unexpected vehicle movement can aggravate existing                            lon (lighter than water); vapor density, heavier than air;               nated in order to provide the safest environment for
victim injuries and/or cause injury to the rescue person-                     flash point, -45°F; ignition temperature, 495°F to 918°F;                those involved. All members of an emergency service
nel that are on scene. During the scene size-up, Incident                     vapor travel, down grade.                                                organization should train, drill and practice extrication
Command must recognize that unstable vehicles are pres-                                                                                                incident scene size-up/assessments to maintain a profi-
ent and determine the safest stabilization process to mini-                   Electrical Wires: Downed wires are a serious danger                      cient level of competence.
mize the possibility of injury to the victims and rescuers.                   to all personnel on the emergency scene. It is difficult to
                                                                              determine whether they are energized or dead. Energized                  Stay Safe…Captain Young

38 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                                                                April - June 2011 | 39
“ wE DOn’T nEED nO EDUCATIOn!”                                                                                            REAlly? –                              pART 1
 by Rodger Broomé and Megan Stone

                                                       “ We don’t need no education” is a popular phrase from             scenario. The purpose of higher education is two-fold:           leader, and decision maker can be formed -- if an
 as firefighters, we know that training and edu-         rock music’s Pink Floyd. Essentially, the song is about the      to (1) build one’s knowledge base about the world, and           education is acquired.
 cation are a never ending part of our career.           power politics between teachers and students reflecting the      (2) acquire and build academic skills. Both of these ob-
 not only is it required of us to remain in top          feelings of oppression students feel in compulsory educa-        jectives are intended to be met through the student par-         Let us stop arguing the idea of the “educated idiot” who
 physical condition, our occupation is one that          tion. As the emergency services evolve and their managers        ticipating in and having academic experiences. Again,            is the person with the diploma but no ability to apply
 requires us to stay abreast of current trends in        become increasingly in need of professional skills, many         the academic experience is entirely a different thing            what he/she knows to the real world. Instead, let us
 the fire service and maintain on-going training.        among our ranks cry out in a similar vein as expressed by        than on-the-job experience. But together, these two              consider how an education can enhance and empower
                                                         the famous rock anthem. Many feel compelled to get a             different experiential programs can create and develop           those among our ranks who have some real talents and
 the fire service is more than fighting fires, so it     degree, but too many in our professions believe that on-         a more comprehensive and capable emergency service               enthusiasm about being professional emergency manag-
 is vitally important for us to continue to im-          the-job experience is sufficient for developing professional     manager. If we require our academy recruits to pursue            ers and leaders. Let us develop our intellectual abilities
 prove ourselves through higher education. this          managers and leaders. We will address the importance of          excellence, make rigorous demands for performance of             so that we have a greater and more powerful voice in our
 is where utah Valley university comes in. With          a balance between work experience and education in order         our rookies, and require our line people to serve with           communities instead of simply relying on our “hero” sta-
 online classes in emergency management, to              to achieve the most success in your career.                      precision in their jobs, why do we not ask ourselves             tus to garner support from our citizens and politicians. If
 use just one example, there is no excuse for                                                                             how we can promote and develop excellence in our                 you are already an effective supervisor or command of-
 anyone not to obtain a degree. Classes are             Experience                                                        management and leadership?                                       ficer, but lack an education, think about what you might
 practically paced and can easily fit into any-                                                                                                                                            become by challenging yourself to join us at Utah Valley
 one’s busy schedule.                                   The word “experience” is used in various ways but essen-          Education and Diplomas                                           University. An education cannot promise more pay, more
                                                        tially deals with one’s interaction with his or her environ-                                                                       prestige, or greater competence, but increases in these
 I am a year away from completing my                    ment, other people, and states of affairs as a result of living   An assumption about college is that a person with a              are all associated with a college education.
 bachelor’s degree at uVu and it has been               through events. For the sake of pay rate scales, experience       diploma necessarily has an education. The diploma
 a very rewarding experience. I will be able            is often defined as “years of service” which really means         “should” represent the education acquired by the recipi-        “ We don’t need no education.” We needed training and
 to apply this education to my career in the            “time in years having been employed.” The point being,            ent. However, we can find exceptions to this even in the          experience to become good police officers, firefighters,
 fire service for a lifetime.                           not everyone’s work experience involves the same quality          same way that we can see “certified” cops and firefight-          and emergency medical professionals, why would we
                                                        and quantity of “experiences” that translate into valuable        ers who lack competence in their skills sets. But they            not need a formal college education to become the best
         Greg Orloski                                   and applicable lessons learned. So the way that I am using        have met the “minimum requirements” and thereby are               managers and leaders we can be for our people? If you
         Firefighter                                    “experience” means a person’s actual engagement in emer-          accepted and retained in the workplace. Academics are             are one of those compelled to pursue an education, then
         Cedar City Fire Department                     gency services work through a variety of emergency and            no exception to this dynamic. We try to hold to standards         please look at the opportunities available to you. An
                                                        non-emergency events; not just years of employment. In            and encourage students to fully engage and participate,           education will give you the cutting edge advantage to
                                                        order for one to have experiences, he or she must not only        but we end up graduating those who have just kept their           achieve excellence in performance and leadership in the
“ there are a few things in life that you can-          be present but actually participate in a given event. What        heads above the waters enough not to sink and drown.              communities in which you work.
  not put a price on. two of these are education        this means is that the one who rolls up his or her sleeves        This is truly unfortunate. On the other hand, students
  and experience. While experiences (positive or        and gets into the mix is often the same person to come out        who fully engage themselves and participate in the               Rodger Broomé retired as a Battalion Chief with West
  negative) can be gained almost anywhere, a            of the event with a valuable experience, who truly learned        academic process will challenge themselves to go deeper          Jordan F.D. and has recently joined the faculty at UVU.
  formal education requires a sustained effort, a       from his or her training. The quality of an emergency             into issues or think critically about things that are readily    Megan Stone is an academic advisor for the Emergency
  commitment of time, and an undeviating eye on         responder’s work experience then is contingent upon his           accepted as fact, but really based on tradition. Not only        Services Department at UVU.
  the goal. this combination will prove to be in-       or her actual engaged participation in workplace affairs;         do they exercise their intellectual faculties, sharpen their
  valuable in pursuit of a fire career, promotional     emergency and non-emergency.                                      critical thinking and communications skills, they also
  opportunities, and every other facet of life.”                                                                          build networks with fellow students that can serve them
                                                        The following is a common challenge to education made             as resources and support in their careers. Academia is
      Reed Thompson                                     by veterans of the emergency services, “I value education,        a place where ideas are exchanged and human relation-
      South jordan Fire Department                      but isn’t there a level of work experience that is equivalent     ships can be formed for the betterment of our indus-
      Battalion Chief                                   to having a degree?” Let me re-phrase the question, “I            try. Personal and professional growth can be found in
                                                        value work experience, but isn’t there a level of academic        academic exercises and events that require intellectual
                                                        experience that is equivalent to having done the job?” As         exchanges between people in various forms of dialog.
                                                        you can see, the term “equivalent” does not even fit our          Through this process, a more efficacious manager,

 40 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                                     April - June 2011 | 41
                                        Utah State Firemen’s                                                                                                GOVERnORS PUBlIC
                                        Convention 2011                                                                                                     SAFETy SUMMIT
                                                                                                                                                            by Steve Lutz
                                                              by Leonard Miller
                                                                                                                                                       In continuing the tradition    While keynote speakers and the final schedule have not
                                                              of interest for those attending the Convention: Golf                                     of moving the Summit loca-     yet been announced, the organizers say that sessions
                                                              tournament, ATV trail ride, Fire Ride, and Firefight-                                    tion every year, the Gover-    on a number of headline-grabbing local and national
                                                              er Antique Car Show.                                                                     nors Public Safety Summit      incidents will be presented. Lessons learned from
                                                                                                                        conference will be held in Layton at the Davis Convention     those events have been valuable to other agencies and
                                                              The Price City Fire Department had a booth at the         Center this year on May 3rd, 4th, and 5th. Once again it      responders facing similar problems. They expect that
                                                              Winter Fire School, held in St. George, promoting the     will include the components of the long standing Public       lessons learned this year from incidents such as the Red
                                                              upcoming Convention. Anthony Powell, a firefighter        Officials Conference and the Intermountain Hazardous          Butte oil spill, the Grand America Hotel shooting, the
                                                              from the Sunnyside Fire Department, was the winner        Materials Conference.                                         Provo Tabernacle fire, and many more will help agen-
                                                              of the Convention registration.                                                                                         cies learn to integrate during operations and come to
                                                                                                                        The theme of the Summit, “Bringing all the Pieces             new understandings about roles, responsibilities, strate-
                                                              Additional information can be found on our web page       Together” provides a framework that aims to bring             gies, and tactics that worked or failed.
                                                              www.pricecityutah.com/usfa                                together all disciplines involved in dealing with emer-
                                                                                                                        gency situations. Sessions have been planned that will        For complete information on the conference go to
                                                              If more details are needed regarding lodging, registra-   be of interest to police, fire, emergency medical services,   http://publicsafety.utah.gov/ and click on the Public
Price City is putting the finishing touches on the annual     tion or other concerns contact: Price City Fire De-       emergency management, public health, public works,            Safety Summit link or contact Judy Hamaker-Mann at
Convention to be held in Price on Thursday, Friday, and       partment: 435-636-3187.                                   hazardous materials, transportation, elected officials, and   (801) 556-7652 or by email at jhamaker@utah.gov.
Saturday, June 9-11, 2011. Many firefighters have already                                                               other agency personnel who may have a part to play in a
received information about the training activities that are                                                             major incident or disaster.
planned. Briefly, here are some details that are planned:
Health and Fitness for Firefighters. Those participat-
ing in this training session will be eligible to compete
in the Firefighter Challenge. There are five events in            Electronic Straight Tip                                                                            SAVE THE DATE
this competition: High Rise Pack Carry, Hose Hoist,
Forcible Entry, Hose Advance, and Victim Rescue. The              Did you know that you can get an electronic
first place winner will receive a $500.00 cash prize. The         subscription to the Straight Tip Magazine? Same
second place winner will receive $300.00 and the third            great content, same look, but all the web links
place winner will receive $200.00 cash. An over-forty             you see in the printed version are live and you can
category may be included.                                         merely click on them to get to the referred web-                 This summit
                                                                  site. Plus you are saving trees and postage. Go              is designed to bring
                                                                                                                              emergency responders
Emergency Vehicle Response is another training event              to www.uvu.edu/ufra and click on "Straight Tip                     together.                                                                         More information and
planned for the Convention. Those attending this ses-             Magazine" where you can view the online ver-                                                                                                        registration forms will be
sion and qualifying by taking a written exam will be              sion, subscribe to print or e-versions, and update            “Bringing the                                                                            available online at:
eligible to compete in the Fire Truck Rodeo. This event           your mailing and/or e-mail address.                          Pieces Together”                                                                    publicsafety.utah.gov
is similar to the semi-truck rodeos held throughout the
                                                                                                                                     The target
United States. Firefighters will drive a fire truck though                                                                       audience will be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   For Questions Please Contact:
a course designed to test the driver’s skill. Some of the                                                                  Law Enforcement, Fire, EMS,                                                                 Judy Hamaker-Mann
maneuvers include: Left Turns, Front Stop, Straight                                                                            Hazardous Material,                                                                  801-556-7652 - jhamaker@utah.gov
Line, Curb Stop. Cash prizes will also be awarded to                                                                              Transportation                                                                                  or
the winners. First Place $500.00, second place $300.00,                                                                         Homeland Security,                                                                        Patrice Thomas
                                                                                                                                   Public Works,
and third place $200.00.                                                                                                        Natural Resources,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     801-538-3478– pthomas@utah.gov

                                                                                                                           Military, Health, Agriculture,
Price City Fire Department has planned pre-convention
activities to be held on Wednesday, June 8, that will be
                                                                                                                                 Elected Officials,
                                                                                                                              Environmental Quality,
                                                                                                                                                                                 DATE: May 3 – 5, 2011
                                                                                                                           and Emergency Management.
                                                                                                                                                                            LOCATION: Davis Convention Center
42 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                                   April - June 2011 | 43
EARn yOUR EMERGEnCy SERVICES                                                                                                   DEGREE AT UVU                                                                                  READERS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              AVAIlABlE FOR
Now is the time to begin working on your Emergency Ser-
vices degree or finish the degree you have been working on.
                                                                  SUMMER 2011 SEMESTER
                                                                  (May 9 - August 12)
                                                                                                                               SUMMER 2011 SEMESTER
                                                                                                                               (May 9 - August 12)
why should I earn a college degree?

      Personal improvement
      Preparation for promotion
                                                                  lOwER DIVISIOn ClASSES (Face to Face)

                                                                  ESFF 1000    Introduction to Emergency Services
                                                                                                                               EMERGEnCy MEDICAl TECHnICIAn (EMT)

                                                                                                                               ESEC 1140                Emergency Medical Tech Basic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              by Kelly Berendson
  •   Expand career opportunities
                                                                  lOwER DIVISIOn ClASSES (OnlInE)                              RECRUIT CAnDIDATE ACADEMy (RCA)                                                                During the last year, over 4,000 written examina-
what degrees are offered?                                                                                                                                                                                                     tions were administered throughout the state. A few of
                                                                  ESFF 1000    Introduction to Emergency Services              By Application Only. For more information visit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              them were administered with the use of a Certification
  •   One-year certificate – Firefighter Recruit                                                                               www.uvu.edu/ufra/academics/rca.html
      Candidate and/or Paramedic                                  ESFF 1120    FES Safety and Survival                         or call 801-863-7798 or 888-548-7816
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Tester acting in the capacity of a Reader. It is within
  •   Associate in Applied Science – Firefighter/                                                                                                                                                                             the policies and procedures of the Certification System
      Emergency Care, Fire Officer, and                           ESFO 1100    Fire Behavior and Combustion                    PARAMEDIC                                                                                      to allow a candidate “who needs reasonable accom-
      Wildland Fire Management Specializations                                                                                                                                                                                modations for learning disabilities or other conditions
  •   Associate in Science                                        ESFO 1360    Basic Firefighter Internship                    By Application Only. For more information visit                                                affecting the candidate’s ability to complete the writ-
  •   Online Bachelor of Science in Emergency                                                                                  www.uvu.edu/ufra/academics/paramedic.html                                                      ten examination. Accommodations will only be made
      Services Administration with an emphasis                    UPPER DIVISIOn ClASSES (OnlInE)                              or call 801-863-7798 or 888-548-7816                                                           for the written examination and may be in the form of:
      in Emergency Management                                                                                                                                                                                                 providing a reader to assist with the exam or by allow-
  •   Bachelor of Science in Emergency Services Adminis-          ESMG 310G Introduction to Homeland Security GI               wIlDlAnD ClASSES                                                                               ing additional time to complete a written examination”
      tration with an emphasis in Emergency Care.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              (UFSCC Policy and Procedures, 12.24). Approved
                                                                  ESMG 3150    Public Program Administration                   ESWF 1410                Wildland Firefighting Internship I
  How do I enroll?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              readers for written exams must be Certification Testers.
                                                                  ESMG 3200    Health Safety Program Management                ESWF 1420                Wildland Firefighting Internship II                                   For these exams, a separate testing location should be
  •   Apply for admissions by going to:                                                                                                                                                                                       provided for the participant and the Tester.
      http://www.uvu.edu/admissions/                              ESMG 3250    Managing Emergency Medical Services             ESWF 2430                Wildland Firefighting Internship III
  •   If you have attended another college or university,                                                                                                                                                                     If a reader is desired, a request can be made in writ-
      request an official transcript be sent to:                  ESMG 3300    Master Planning for Public ES                                                                                                                  ing from a chief, administrator, or doctor. They must
      UVU Admissions Office                                                                                                                                                                                                   specify the level of testing, the reason(s) for the ac-
      800 West University Parkway MS 106                          ESMG 3350    Analytical Research Approaches Public ES                                                                                                       commodations, and the type of accommodation being
      Orem, Utah 84058-5999                                                                                                                                                                                                   requested (reader or extended time). This letter should
                                                                  ESMG 4400    Legal Considerations for ES
  what will it cost?                                                                                                                Crossword solutions:                                                                      be provided only by the participant’s department, i.e.
                                                                  ESMG 4500    Customer Service/Marketing for ES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              when classes are conducted involving multiple depart-
  •   Online ESMG courses are $592.00 per                                                                                                                                                                                     ments, the request for a reader must come from each
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              department having candidates who need a Reader.
                                                                                                                                    1               2                    3             4           5
                                                                                                                                    D   A       T   A                    L             S       A   F       E    T    Y
      class, while most other courses follow                      ESMG 4550    Principles of Disaster and Emer Mgmt                                 6
                                                                                                                                                    S       T   G E O R G E                        R
      the UVU tuition/fee schedule.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Please do not rely on a department hosting a class to re-
                                                                                                                          7             8
  •   UVU tuition increases every summer.                         ESMG 4600    Public Admin Emergency Management          C                 I       P                    C             L           E
  •   For official UVU tuition/fee amounts go to:                                                                                                                                                                             quest Readers for visiting firefighters as this may result
                                                                                                                          R             B           H                    A    F    F   F           S
      http://www.uvu.edu/tuition/tuition-Fees10-11.pdf            ESMG 4650    Emergency Services Capstone                10
                                                                                                                          A R       T   E R         Y                    L                         N                          in not having a Reader at the test site. When submitting
  •   Some courses have “course fees”                                                                                     N             A           X                                              O
                                                                                                                                                                                                                H             a request for a Reader, it must be in a letter format and
      in addition to tuition.                                     ESMG 481R    Emergency Services Internship              K             M               I
                                                                                                                                                                B                                               E             accompany the exam request. Both the letter and the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              exam request will need to be submitted 30 days prior to
                                                                                                                                                                                                   13                    14
                                                                                                                                                    A           L                                  R            A        C
For more information regarding admissions and                     ESMG 489R    Undergrad Research in Emergency Mgmt
registration, contact our receptionist at 801-863-7798 or
                                                                                                                                        B       A N G O R
                                                                                                                                                                                       P O             I   N    T        L    the exam date since additional Testers and testing mate-
888-548-7816 to schedule a phone or office appointment            ESMG 491R    Topics in Cardiology and Medical Trends                              T           O                      O           G                     A    rials will need to be coordinated along with any other
with an Emergency Services Academic Advisor.
                                                                                                                                                                D    E   A D
                                                                                                                                                                                       L           O                     S    exams, if any, taking place at the same time.
                                                                  ESMG 492R    Topics in Trauma and Pharmacology
                                                                                                                                        L                                      I           I       R                     S
Enroll early! The deadline for enrollment into college credit                                                                  20
                                                                                                                                            I   N
                                                                                                                                                    T       E R      I   O R           C
                                                                                                                                                                                                           W O O D            More information regarding this policy is available in
courses is two weeks prior to the start date of the class. Note   ESMG 493R    Topics in Medical Litigation               24
                                                                                                                          R O O F                   O
                                                                                                                                                                              E N      E R G Y                                the UFSCC Policy and Procedures Manual (12.24 –
that courses are subject to cancellation due to low enrollment.                                                                 S       E           O                         C                            E                  12.30) which is available at UFRA or online at www.
                                                                  please check http://www.uvu.edu/esa/
                                                                                                                                                    L       A   Y
                                                                                                                                                                         A    T    T   A C         K                          uvu.edu/ufra/certification.
                                                                  for current and updated course listings.
44 | UFRA Straight Tip                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     April - June 2011 | 45

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