Graduate Studies at Virginia Commonwealth University by pengxuebo


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            Graduate Studies at
    Virginia Commonwealth University
The university                                  the hospital and as published in schol-
                                                arly journals. VCU maintains active                 School of Graduate Studies
   Virginia Commonwealth University                                                             827 W. Franklin St. • P.O. Box 843051
                                                communications with its growing cadre
is a state-supported institution with an                                                             Richmond, VA 23284-3051
                                                of alumni and enjoys a cooperative and
enrollment of more than 23,000 under-                                                            (804) 828-8856 • Fax (804) 828-9025
                                                stimulating relationship with the city
graduate, graduate and health profes-                                                        
                                                of Richmond which encompasses the
sions students studying on its two cam-
                                                arts, the business community, the archi-
puses in Richmond, Va. The Medical
                                                tectural community and local govern-                       Dr. Jack L. Haar
College of Virginia Campus is located
                                                ment. Today, VCU operates a major                                  Dean
near the financial, governmental and
                                                teaching hospital and is composed of
shopping areas of downtown Richmond;
                                                one college, 10 schools and the School of               Graduate Admissions
the Academic Campus is two miles
                                                Graduate Studies. These academic                901 W. Franklin St. • P.O. Box 843051
west in Richmond’s historic Fan
                                                units offer 50 undergraduate, 14 post-               Richmond, VA 23284-3051
District, a residential area which dates
                                                baccalaureate certificate, three first-          (804) 828-6916 • Fax (804) 828-6949
from the 19th century.
                                                professional, 57 master’s, five post-mas-
   The university takes its founding date
                                                ter’s certificate and 20 doctoral pro-
as 1838, the year in which the Medical                                                                   Dr. Sherry T. Sandkam
                                                grams. The university also offers first
College of Virginia was created as the                                                                        Associate Dean
                                                professional degrees in medicine, den-
medical department of Hampden-
                                                tistry and pharmacy.
Sydney College. MCV became an inde-
                                                   VCU’s location in historic Richmond
pendent institution in 1854 and state
                                                affords its students the benefits of liv-   the university is a faculty actively
affiliated in 1860.
                                                ing in one of the South’s most cosmo-       engaged in scholarship and creative
   VCU’s Academic Campus was estab-
                                                politan cities. Located in central          exploration activities that increase
lished in 1917 as the Richmond School
                                                Virginia, Richmond is a two-hour drive      knowledge and understanding of the
of Social Work and Public Health. In
                                                from the Atlantic seashore to the east,     world, and inspire and enrich teaching.
1925, it became the Richmond Division
                                                Appalachian Mountain recreational              The university is dedicated to educat-
of the College of William and Mary; and
                                                sites to the west, and Washington, D.C.     ing full and part-time students of all
in 1939 its name was changed to the
                                                to the north. A wide range of cultural,     ages and diverse backgrounds in an
Richmond Professional Institute of the
                                                educational, and recreational facilities    atmosphere of free inquiry and scholar-
College of William and Mary, from
                                                and activities is available in the          ship, so they may realize their full
which it separated in 1962 to become
                                                Richmond area, including a full per-        potential as informed, productive citi-
an independent state institution.
                                                formance schedule at VCU’s own              zens with a lifelong commitment to
   In 1968, the two schools merged to
                                                Performing Arts Center. VCU’s proximi-      learning and service.
form VCU: undergraduate, graduate
                                                ty to downtown Richmond, which is              The university serves the local, state,
and professional programs of Richmond
                                                Virginia’s capital and a major East         national and international communities
Professional Institute joined with one of
                                                Coast financial and manufacturing cen-      through its scholarly activities, its
the largest and most comprehensive
                                                ter, provides students with opportuni-      diverse educational programs, and its
medical centers on the East Coast to
                                                ties for internships, part-time employ-     public service activities. As an institu-
create a major state university.
                                                ment and student housing in a variety       tion of higher learning in a metropoli-
   VCU enrolls a diverse student body
                                                of settings.                                tan center that is also the capital of the
and has one of the largest evening col-
                                                                                            commonwealth, the university enjoys
leges in the United States. The univer-
                                                Mission of Virginia                         unique resources that enrich its pro-
sity’s level of funded research places it
                                                Commonwealth University                     grams and offer special opportunities
among the top 81 colleges and universi-
                                                                                            for contributing its intellectual and cre-
ties in the country in attracting                 VCU is a public, urban, research uni-
                                                                                            ative expertise in the development of
research grants. Its faculty, represent-        versity, supported by the common-
                                                                                            innovative approaches to meet the
ing the finest American and interna-            wealth of Virginia to serve the people of
                                                                                            changing needs of our society.
tional graduate institutions, enhances          the commonwealth and the nation. The
                                                                                               The goals of VCU in carrying out its
VCU’s position among the important              university provides a fertile and stimu-
                                                                                            mission are to:
institutions of higher learning in the          lating environment for learning, teach-
                                                                                                • provide undergraduate education
United States via their work in the             ing, research, creative expression and
                                                                                                  that includes a broad and rigorous
classroom, the laboratory, the studio,          public service. Essential to the life of
2                                                     Part I   •   Graduate Studies at Virginia Commonwealth University

        foundation in the arts, sciences,           and its constituents, enhance pro-      as faculty enjoy access to a multitude of
        and humanities and explores the             fessional competence and promote        opportunities for study and research.
        ideas and values of humankind,              dialogue on public issues,              Students can participate in programs
    •   offer nationally and international-       • offer diverse opportunities for indi-   covering a wide variety of disciplines
        ly recognized professional and              viduals to benefit from higher edu-     including business, earth sciences, epi-
        graduate programs leading to doc-           cation through a variety of             demiology, engineering, physics, geologi-
        toral, master’s, and other termi-           avenues to include flexible sched-      cal sciences, pharmacology, ocean sci-
        nal and advanced degrees in the             uling for part-time undergraduate       ences, biomedical sciences, nuclear
        professions, the sciences, the              and graduate students, open             chemistry and mathematics. Appoint-
        humanities and the arts,                    admission for nondegree-seeking         ment and program length range from
    •   foster a scholarly climate that             students with appropriate prepa-        one month to four years. Many of these
        inspires creativity, a free and             ration, advanced degree programs        programs are especially designed to
        open exchange of ideas, critical            for working professionals, selected     increase the numbers of underrepresent-
        thinking, intellectual curiosity,           programs in diverse locales, admis-     ed minority students pursuing degrees
        freedom of expression and intel-            sion for graduates with appropri-       in science- and engineering-related disci-
        lectual integrity,                          ate associate degrees of arts or sci-   plines. A comprehensive listing of these
    •   expand the boundaries of knowl-             ences and support programs for          programs and other opportunities, their
        edge and understanding through              specially admitted students,            disciplines and details on locations and
        research, scholarship and creative        • promote interdisciplinary studies       benefits can be found in the Resource
        expression in the sciences, arts,           within the university to bring          Guide, located on the Web or by calling
        humanities and the professional             new perspectives to bear on com-        either of the contacts listed below.
        disciplines,                                plex problems, and                      – – –
    •   value and promote racial and cul-         • mobilize its creative energies and         ORAU’s Office of Partnership
        tural diversity in its student body,        its expertise to meet the needs of      Development seeks opportunities for
        faculty, administration and staff to        society and individuals in its          partnerships and alliances among
        enhance and enrich the university,          unique role as Virginia’s major         ORAU’s members, private industry and
    •   develop and sustain a faculty of            urban university.                       major federal facilities. Activities
        the highest quality by providing                                                    include faculty development programs
        an environment conducive to            Accreditation                                such as the Ralph E. Powe Jr. Faculty
        their achieving and maintaining                                                     Enhancement Awards, the Visiting
                                                  VCU is accredited by the
        national and international                                                          Industrial Scientist Award and various
                                               Commission on Colleges of the
        stature and by continuing to                                                        services to chief research officers.
                                               Southern Association of Colleges and
        attract both recognized scholars                                                       For more information about ORAU
                                               Schools to award associate, baccalau-
        and outstanding individuals with                                                    and its programs, contact:
                                               reate, master’s, doctoral and first pro-
        a high potential for scholarly                                                        Dr. William L. Dewey, ORAU Councilor for VCU
                                               fessional degrees. Additionally, indi-
        achievement and excellence in                                                         (804) 828-0732
                                               vidual programs may be accredited by
        teaching,                                                                             Ms. Monnie E. Champion, ORAU Corporate Secretary
                                               discipline-specific professional accred-
    •   provide an optimal environment                                                        (423) 576-3306
                                               iting organizations.
        for educating and training health                                                     or visit the ORAU Web site
        care professionals, for conducting                                          
        research to improve health care        Oak Ridge Associated Universities
        and delivery and for meeting the       Consortium
                                                                                            School of Graduate Studies
        needs of patients and the commu-         Since 1963, students and faculty of
        nity in a comprehensive health         VCU have benefited from its member-            VCU is composed of the following
        care setting,                          ship in Oak Ridge Associated                 academic units:
    •   use the urban environment as a         Universities (ORAU). ORAU is a con-            School of Graduate Studies
        laboratory for studying and devel-     sortium of 87 colleges and universities        Center for Environmental Studies
        oping new approaches to prob-          and a contractor for the U.S.                  Center for Public Policy
        lems pertaining to the public and      Department of Energy (DOE) located in          College of Humanities and Sciences
        private sectors,                       Oak Ridge, Tenn. ORAU works with its              (including the School of Mass Communications)
    •   support, through its commitment        member institutions to help their stu-         School of Allied Health Professions
        to public exhibitions, performanc-     dents and faculty gain access to federal       School of the Arts
        es, and other cultural activities,     research facilities throughout the coun-       School of Business
        the imaginative power of the lib-      try; to keep its members informed              School of Dentistry
        eral, visual and performing arts       about opportunities for fellowship,            School of Education
        to express the problems and            scholarship and research appointments          School of Engineering
        aspirations of humanity and to         and to organize research alliances             School of Medicine
        enrich the lives of individuals,       among its members.                             School of Nursing
    •   develop innovative programs for          Through the Oak Ridge Institute for          School of Pharmacy
        continuing education that estab-       Science and Education, the DOE facili-         School of Social Work
        lish permanent intellectual con-       ty that ORAU operates, undergradu-             The Center for Environmental Studies
        nections between the university        ates, graduates, postgraduates as well       and the Center for Public Policy also
  VCU Graduate Bulletin                    •   1999-2000                                                                                                                         3

house graduate academic programs.                           Master of Fine Arts                                           Post-Master’s Graduate Certificate Program
Graduate programs are administered by                         Creative Writing                                               Rehabilitation Counseling/Professional Counseling
the individual departments, schools and
centers with assistance from the School                     Master of Public Administration                               Cooperative, Interdisciplinary and Combined Degree Programs
of Graduate Studies. Major coordination                                                                                      Anatomy/Physical Therapy Track in Anatomy Doctoral
of the various degree programs is per-                      Master of Science                                                   Program
formed by the University Graduate                             Biology                                                        Dual Degree Program in Health Services Administration
Council and the Graduate Dean’s                               Chemistry                                                         and Law with the University of Richmond, T. C.
Advisory Committee which are chaired                          Computer Science                                                  Williams School of Law
by the dean of the School of Graduate                         Criminal Justice                                               Geriatric Physical Therapy Track in the Master of Science
Studies. The University Graduate                              Mass Communications                                               Degree Program in Physical Therapy with the
Council is comprised of one elected fac-                      Mathematical Sciences                                             Department of Gerontology
ulty member from each school. The                             Physics                                                        Joint Master of Social Work/Certificate in Aging Studies
Graduate Dean’s Advisory Council                              Sociology                                                         Program with the Department of Gerontology and the
includes directors of graduate study                                                                                            School of Social Work
from each school.                                           Master of Urban and Regional Planning                            Physiology/Physical Therapy Track in Physiology Doctoral
                                                            Post-Baccalaureate Graduate Certificate Programs
Graduate programs
                                                               Applied Social Research                                    School of the Arts
   The following graduate degree pro-                          Criminal Justice                                           Doctor of Philosophy
grams are offered at the university.                           Planning Information Systems                                  Art History
Refer to the Graduate Curriculum                               Public Management
Requirements chart in the reference                            Urban Revitalization                                       Master of Art Education
section of this bulletin for a complete
listing of curricula, specializations and                   Cooperative, Interdisciplinary and Combined Degree Programs   Master of Arts
tracks as well as application deadline                         Dual Degree Program in Criminal Justice and Divinity         Art History
dates and special admission require-                              with the School of Theology of Virginia
ments. Applicants are encouraged to                            Union University and the Union Theological Seminary in     Master of Fine Arts
contact the school/department sponsor-                            Virginia                                                  Design
ing the intended program of study at                           Dual Degree Program in Urban and Regional Planning and       Fine Arts
the telephone numbers listed in the                               Law with the University of Richmond, T. C. Williams       Theatre
curriculum chart. Other important                                 School of Law
phone numbers are provided in the                                                                                         Master of Music
directory of this bulletin.                                 School of Allied Health Professions
                                                            Doctor of Philosophy                                          Cooperative, Interdisciplinary and Combined Degree Programs
School of Graduate Studies
                                                               Health Related Sciences                                       Off-Campus Interdisciplinary Arts Track in Master of
Master of Interdisciplinary Studies
                                                               Health Services Organization and Research                        Interdisciplinary Studies Program
  Biotechnology (under development)
  Environmental Studies
                                                            Master of Health Administration                               School of Business
  Interdisciplinary Off-Campus Arts
                                                              Health Services Administration                              Doctor of Philosophy
  Individualized Programs of Study (including cooperative
      ventures with Virginia State University)
                                                            Master of Science                                                Information Systems
                                                              Clinical Laboratory Sciences                                   Management and Organizational Behavior
Center for Environmental Studies
Master of Interdisciplinary Studies
                                                              Occupational Therapy (Post-Professional Program)            Master of Accountancy
  Environmental Studies
                                                                  Physical Therapy – Entry Level                            (Admissions suspended until fall 2001)
                                                                  Physical Therapy – Advanced
Center for Public Policy
                                                                  Rehabilitation Counseling                               Master of Arts
Doctor of Philosophy
   Public Policy and Administration
                                                            Master of Science in Health Administration
                                                              Executive Master’s Program                                  Master of Business Administration
College of Humanities and Sciences
                                                                                                                            Fast-Track MBA
Doctor of Philosophy
                                                            Master of Science in Nurse Anesthesia                           MBA with Concentration
                                                                                                                            MBA without Concentration
   Psychology – Clinical
                                                            Master of Science in Occupational Therapy
   Psychology – Counseling
                                                              (Entry-Level Program)                                       Master of Science
   Psychology – General
                                                                                                                            Decision Sciences
                                                            Post-Baccalaureate Graduate Certificate Programs                Finance
Master of Arts
                                                               Aging Studies                                                Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations
                                                               Patient Counseling                                           Information Systems
                                                                                                                            Real Estate Valuation
  4                                                                      Part I       •   Graduate Studies at Virginia Commonwealth University

Master of Taxation                                               Human Genetics                                               Off-campus graduate instruction
  Academic Track                                                   Microbiology and Immunology
                                                                                                                                 VCU is dedicated to serving the
  Professional Track                                               Pharmacology and Toxicology
                                                                                                                              needs of Virginians by providing off-
                                                                                                                              campus graduate credit instruction
School of Education
                                                                                                                              when and where it is needed. Courses
Doctor of Philosophy                                          Post-Baccalaureate Graduate Certificates
                                                                                                                              are offered in response to an expression
   Education                                                     Pre-Medical Basic Health Sciences
                                                                                                                              of need from various locales and
Master of Education                                           Cooperative, Interdisciplinary and Combined Degree Programs
                                                                                                                                 Off-campus instruction features the
  Administration and Supervision                                 Anatomy/Physical Therapy Track in Anatomy Doctoral
                                                                                                                              same course work available on campus,
  Adult Education and Human Resource Development                     Program
                                                                                                                              and most off-campus courses are fully
  Counselor Education                                            Biotechnology Track in Master of Interdisciplinary Studies
                                                                                                                              degree-applicable within the admission
  Curriculum and Instruction                                         Program (under development)
                                                                                                                              standards of the School of Graduate
  Reading                                                        Clinical Research Track in Master of Science Degree
                                                                                                                              Studies. Tuition for most off-campus
  Special Education                                                  Program in Biostatistics
                                                                                                                              classes is the same as other university
                                                                                                                              classes; however, students in off-cam-
Master of Science                                                M.D./Ph.D.
                                                                                                                              pus credit classes are not charged uni-
  Physical Education                                             Molecular Biology and Genetics Track in Microbiology
                                                                                                                              versity or activity fees.
  Recreation, Parks and Tourism                                      Doctoral Program
                                                                                                                                 For additional information on off-
                                                                 Neuroscience Track in Pharmacology Doctoral Program
                                                                                                                              campus credit instruction, write
Master of Teaching                                               Physiology/Physical Therapy Track in Physiology Doctoral
                                                                                                                              Edward Howard, Coordinator of Off-
  Early Education                                                    Program
                                                                                                                              Campus Credit Instruction, Office of
  Middle Education
                                                                                                                              Community Programs, Division of
  Secondary Education                                         School of Nursing
                                                                                                                              University Outreach, 827 W. Franklin
  Special Education                                           Doctor of Philosophy
                                                                                                                              St., Richmond, VA 23284-2041 or tele-
                                                                                                                              phone (804) 828-8819.
Post-Baccalaureate Graduate Certificates
   Human Resource Development                                 Master of Science
   Teaching (admissions only in shortage areas)                 Accelerated B.S.-M.S. Program                                 Admissions
                                                                Regular M.S. Program                                            The Board of Visitors, the adminis-
Post-Master’s Certificates                                                                                                    tration and the faculty of VCU are com-
   Principalship                                              Post-Master’s Certificate in Nursing                            mitted to a policy of equal opportunity
   Reading Specialist                                                                                                         in education and employment without
                                                              School of Pharmacy                                              regard to race, color, religion, gender,
School of Engineering                                         Doctor of Philosophy                                            national origin, political affiliation, vet-
Doctor of Philosophy                                             Pharmaceutical Sciences                                      eran’s status, age or disability.
   Biomedical Engineering
                                                              Master of Science
                                                                                                                              Students with disabilities
Master of Science                                               Pharmaceutical Sciences
  Biomedical Engineering                                                                                                         VCU complies with the requirements
                                                              Cooperative, Interdisciplinary and Combined Degree Programs     of the Americans with Disabilities Act
Cooperative, Interdisciplinary and Combined Degree Programs      Pharm.D./Ph.D.                                               (ADA) and the Rehabilitation Act of
   M.D./Ph.D. Combined Degree Program                                                                                         1973 and its subsequent amendments
                                                              School of Social Work                                           and provisions. The university does not
School of Medicine                                            Doctor of Philosophy                                            discriminate against otherwise quali-
  Doctor of Philosophy                                           Social Work                                                  fied applicants for admission or matric-
  Anatomy                                                                                                                     ulants solely on the basis of a disability.
  Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics                       Master of Social Work                                              VCU is committed to a policy of equal
  Biostatistics                                                 Advanced Standing                                             opportunity and accessibility for quali-
  Human Genetics                                                Regular Standing                                              fied students. The university seeks to
  Microbiology and Immunology                                                                                                 provide academic adjustments and rea-
  Pathology                                                   Cooperative, Interdisciplinary and Combined Degree Programs     sonable accommodations as needed.
  Pharmacology and Toxicology                                    M.S.W./Certificate as School Social Worker in State of          Students with disabilities enrolled in
  Physiology                                                        Virginia with the School of Education                     courses on the Academic Campus
                                                                 M.S.W./Certificate in Aging Studies with the Department      should contact Dr. Shyla M. Ipsen at
Master of Public Health                                             of Gerontology                                            (804) 828-2253 (VCU-ABLE). Persons
                                                                 Dual Degree Study in Social Work and Law with the            with disabilities enrolled in courses on
Master of Science                                                   University of Richmond, T. C. Williams School of Law      the MCV Campus should contact Mr.
  Anatomy                                                                                                                     Donald G. Roebuck at (828) 828-9782.
  Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics
     Genetic Counseling
 VCU Graduate Bulletin        •   1999-2000                                                                                    5

Admission requirements                      provisional admission. Failure to meet          2. three letters of recommendation,
  General admission requirements for        department/school conditions will                  and
graduate study in the university are:       result in the student’s being dropped           3. report of current (less than five
   1. graduation from an accredited         from the program. No prerequisite                  years old) scores achieved on the
      college or university or its          courses taken as a provisional student             Graduate Record Examination
      equivalent,                           may be applied towards a graduate                  (GRE) or other entrance examina-
   2. except in very unusual cases          degree.                                            tions required by the particular
      approved by the graduate dean, a        Nondegree-seeking student. An                    department or school.
      minimum undergraduate GPA of          individual who wishes to take graduate         These credentials should be consid-
      2.7 on a 4.0 scale for at least the   courses without formal admission to a       ered as minimal. Parts II through XIII
      last two years of undergraduate       degree program is classified as a nonde-    of this bulletin include detailed infor-
      work,                                 gree-seeking student. There is no limit     mation concerning further admission
   3. satisfactory scores from a current    to the number of credits a nondegree-       requirements to specific programs and
      (less than five years old) stan-      seeking student may take as long as         schools. Refer to the Graduate
      dardized test commonly used and       the student’s academic performance is       Curriculum Requirements chart and
      deemed appropriate by the partic-     credible. In courses where enrollment is    Directory in the reference section of
      ular discipline,                      limited, first priority is given to stu-    this bulletin for a complete listing of
   4. three letters of recommendation,      dents admitted to the program, fol-         curricula, specializations and tracks as
   5. applicant’s written statement of      lowed by other VCU graduate degree-         well as application deadline dates and
      intent for pursuing graduate          seeking students. Nondegree-seeking         special admission requirements.
      studies in a particular discipline,   students are not exempt from any pre-
      and                                   requisite which may be specified for a      Entrance examinations
   6. such additional requirements as       course. A nondegree-seeking student
                                                                                          To supplement other evidence of
      may be established by individual      who is later admitted as a degree-seek-
                                                                                        preparation for graduate work, the
      programs and schools. These may       ing student will not be allowed to apply
                                                                                        University Graduate Council has stated
      include personal interviews, audi-    toward a degree more than six credits
                                                                                        that all programs at VCU must consid-
      tions, submission of a portfolio or   earned as a nondegree-seeking student.
                                                                                        er in their admissions the scores from a
      other materials.                                                                  current (less than five years old) stan-
  An exception to the general admis-        Application information                     dardized test commonly used and
sions requirements is made for stu-            A printed copy of this bulletin may be   deemed appropriate for a given disci-
dents entering through the Guaranteed       purchased from the VCU Bookstores or        pline. Common examinations used at
Admissions Program of the University        phone ordered by calling toll free 1-877-   VCU are the Graduate Record
Honors Program. (See the section            574-0529 or locally (804) 827-0466. The     Examination (GRE), the Graduate
regarding admissions through honors.)       Graduate Bulletin, in its entirety as       Management Admissions Test (GMAT),
                                            well as additional information on grad-     the Law School Admissions Test
Types of admissions                         uate studies at VCU, may be accessed        (LSAT), and the Miller’s Analogies Test
   Students may be admitted to gradu-       via the Web.                                (MAT). These examinations will not
ate studies under one of the following      – – –                 replace other records of achievement as
classifications:                               Application forms and materials may      a basis for admission to the School of
   Degree-seeking student. An appli-        be obtained in person at the School of      Graduate Studies, but they will offer
cant who meets all requirements for         Graduate Studies offices at Ginter          additional evidence concerning the
admission to a degree program and who       House, 901 W. Franklin St., Room B1,        qualifications of students desiring to
has been recommended by the depart-         (804) 828-6916 and at Sanger Hall,          undertake graduate work.
ment or school in which the applicant       1101 E. Marshall St., Room 1-018, (804)
proposes to study may be admitted as a      828-0732. Mail requests should be sent      Admission through honors
degree-seeking student.                     to the School of Graduate Studies,
                                                                                          VCU students participating in the
   Provisional student. An applicant        Virginia Commonwealth University,
                                                                                        University Honors Program may apply
who has not fully met the requirements      P.O. Box 843051, Richmond, VA 23284-
                                                                                        for guaranteed admission to certain
of the program or school to which           3051. A $30 nonrefundable application
                                                                                        graduate programs before matriculation
admission is sought may be admitted to      fee must accompany each application.
                                                                                        at VCU or early in their undergraduate
that program or school as a provisional     This fee will not be credited toward
                                                                                        studies. (The specific deadline for apply-
student. Reasons for requesting a provi-    tuition payment. Some schools require
                                                                                        ing is set by each program.) Honors stu-
sional admission are evaluated by the       special fees as indicated in individual
                                                                                        dents who receive guaranteed admis-
department/program and the school,          sections of this bulletin.
                                                                                        sion may enter the program of their
and documents supporting a request of          An application cannot be given final
                                                                                        choice without submitting additional
provisional admission are forwarded to      consideration until all required creden-
                                                                                        application material or test scores (in
the dean of the School of Graduate          tials have been received. These include
                                                                                        some programs, test scores are required
Studies with a request for admission.       the following:
                                                                                        for statistical purposes only) provided
The student must remove, within a               1. two official transcripts or the
                                                                                        they fulfill University Honors Program
time period specified by the department            equivalent from each college or
                                                                                        requirements and satisfy the curricular
or school, any and all conditions of the           university previously attended,
 6                                                  Part I     •   Graduate Studies at Virginia Commonwealth University

prerequisites of the program they plan      Physiology                                  Undergraduate students
to enter.                                   Recreation, Parks, and Tourism
                                                                                           VCU undergraduates may enroll in
   To be granted guaranteed admission       Rehabilitation Counseling
                                                                                        500-level courses with approval of their
to any graduate program, a student                                                      advisers and consent of the program
must submit a completed application         Master of Science in Occupational Therapy
                                                                                        offering the courses. Highly-qualified
form with three letters of recommenda-                                                  undergraduates approaching their last
tion to the School of Graduate Studies,     Master of Urban and Regional Planning
                                                                                        term of study may apply for admission
Virginia Commonwealth University,                                                       to a graduate program. If accepted,
P.O. Box 843051, Richmond, VA 23284-        Master of Taxation
                                                                                        they may enroll in two graduate cours-
3051. To be accepted into a Guaranteed                                                  es during the last term of undergradu-
Admission Program, a student must be        Master of Teaching
                                                                                        ate study. Their total load should not
accepted by the university, by the                                                      exceed 16 hours of combined credit.
University Honors Program and by the      Application procedures                        Credit for any course can be applied
admissions committee of the program                                                     only to one degree.
                                             Completed applications and support-
the student wishes to enter. The admis-
                                          ing materials must be submitted to the
sions committee may require an inter-
                                          School of Graduate Studies.                   International students
view. Final notification of guaranteed
                                          Applications submitted by mail should            The university encourages qualified
admission is made by the dean of the
                                          be addressed to the School of Graduate        international students, both nonimmi-
School of Graduate Studies. For addi-
                                          Studies, Virginia Commonwealth                grant and immigrant, to seek admis-
tional information, refer to the
                                          University, Richmond, VA 23284-3051.          sion to VCU. Complete information and
Undergraduate and Professional
                                          Applications submitted in person may          application materials for international
Programs Bulletin.
                                          be delivered to the Academic Campus           students may be obtained on written
   Programs which offer guaranteed
                                          School of Graduate Studies office at          request from CIP/International
admission through the University
                                          Ginter House, 901 W. Franklin St.,            Admissions, Virginia Commonwealth
Honors Program are:
                                          Room B-1, or to the MCV Campus                University, Richmond, VA, United
                                          School of Graduate Studies office at          States 23284-3043.
  Doctor of Philosophy
                                          Sanger Hall, 1101 E. Marshall St.,               English Language Proficiency
                                          Room 1-018. Completed applications            Requirement. To ensure maximum
  Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics
                                          and supporting materials are reviewed         benefit from academic study at VCU, all
  Biomedical Engineering
                                          by the faculty of the intended program,       nonnative English-speaking applicants
                                          and final notification of acceptance is       regardless of immigration status must
  Human Genetics
                                          made by the dean of the School of             provide evidence of English language
  Microbiology and Immunology
                                          Graduate Studies. Admission to a grad-        proficiency before admission and/or
  Pharmacology and Toxicology
                                          uate program may be contingent upon           enrollment in the university.
                                          the successful completion of undergrad-          Evidence of English language profi-
                                          uate courses, degree or other prerequi-       ciency is evaluated based on factors
                                          sites that may be specified by the pro-       such as length of stay in the United
  Master of Arts
                                          gram or school. Remedial courses will         States, amount and type of formal U.S.
                                          not apply toward a graduate degree.           education, Test of English as a Foreign
                                          Applications and supporting materials         Language (TOEFL) scores and other
                                          should be received before the deadlines       standardized test scores. The School of
  Master of Business Administration
                                          specified throughout this bulletin. Late      Graduate Studies reserves the right to
                                          applications will be considered when          require additional testing and study in
  Master of Public Administration
                                          possible but may require provisional          the VCU English Language Program
                                          admission.                                    prior to full-time enrollment in univer-
  Master of Science
                                             Students who do not apply at least         sity courses. The university offers a
                                          one month prior to the beginning of any       full-time English-as-a-Second-
  Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics
                                          term risk their financial aid eligibility     Language noncredit program. For infor-
  Biomedical Engineering
                                          in the event that the admission process       mation on this program, including fees,
                                          is not completed prior to the first day of    contact the Center for International
                                          classes.                                      Programs, Virginia Commonwealth
  Clinical Laboratory Sciences
  Computer Science                                                                      University, Richmond, Virginia 23284-
  Criminal Justice                        Multiple admissions                           3043, United States; (804) 828-2551.
  Gerontology                               Students may not be admitted to                Nonimmigrants (Students with
  Human Genetics                          degree-seeking status in more than one        temporary U.S. visas). Due to the time
  Mathematical Sciences                   graduate program without petitioning          constraints involved in processing
  Microbiology and Immunology             and receiving written permission from         applications from international stu-
  Occupational Therapy                    the program director or graduate com-         dents and in obtaining visas, prospec-
  Pharmacology and Toxicology             mittee of the school(s) in which the stu-     tive students should apply well in
  Physical Therapy                        dent is enrolled.                             advance of the international application
  Physics                                                                               deadlines. The deadlines are April 1 for
 VCU Graduate Bulletin        •   1999-2000                                                                                        7

fall term, Oct. 1 for spring term and           Immigrants (Permanent residents,            Financial aid eligibility
Feb. 1 for summer term. Students must        resident aliens and asylum applicants).          Most students are eligible for some
meet specific program deadlines. The         Because immigrant applicants usually           type of financial aid regardless of fami-
graduate dean must authorize any             are in the United States at the time an        ly financial circumstances. However, to
exception to application deadlines. All      application is submitted, these students       be eligible for aid, a student must:
required admission documents must be         are required to meet the same applica-             • be a United States citizen or an
submitted no later than eight weeks          tion deadlines as U.S. citizens.                     eligible noncitizen,
prior to registration if appropriate            If educated in the United States,               • be admitted to or enrolled in
immigration documents are to be              immigrant students will be considered                an eligible degree or certificate
issued. Applicants who are unable to         for admission under the same academic                program,
meet this credential deadline will need      policies as those applied to U.S. citi-            • be making reasonable academic
to defer the intended term of entry.         zens. If educated outside the United                 progress (defined later in this
   Both U.S. government regulations and      States, the same academic records are                section),
VCU admission policies require nonim-        required as those for nonimmigrant                 • not owe a refund on a federal stu-
migrant applicants to demonstrate:           students.                                            dent grant or be in default on a
    • satisfactory academic                     VCU requires detailed information con-            federal student loan, and
       achievement,                          cerning U.S. immigration status. Proof of          • be enrolled at least half time (five
    • adequate English language profi-       permanent residency must be submitted                or more graduate credit hours).
       ciency, and                           with the admission application.
    • ability to finance all educational
                                                                                            Applying for financial aid
       and living expenses.
                                             Financial aid                                     Students do not need to receive an
   Refer to university and program
admission requirements in this bulletin         Current information on financial aid        admissions decision before applying for
for other information requested of all       programs, policies and procedures are          financial aid. To apply, submit a Free
applicants. Applicants must have             available on the VCU Web site.                 Application for Federal Student Aid
earned a bachelor’s degree from an           – – –                (FAFSA) designating VCU (school code
accredited institution in the United            To obtain printed materials or addi-        003735) to receive the FAFSA results.
States or an equivalent degree from a        tional information, call or visit the appro-   The FAFSA must be completed annual-
recognized foreign institution. Official     priate financial aid office listed below.      ly and is available at VCU, high
academic records must be submitted.                                                         schools, colleges and most public
   International applicants must pro-        Academic Campus:                               libraries. FAFSA also is available on
vide evidence of proficiency in the            Ginter House                                 the Web.
English language prior to admission            Shafer Street Entrance                       – – –
and/or full-time enrollment in the uni-        901 W. Franklin St.                             In order to reduce problems, errors
versity. An applicant may satisfy uni-         P.O. Box 843026                              and omissions on the FAFSA, students
versity English proficiency require-           Richmond, VA 23284-3026                      are recommended to apply electronical-
ments by obtaining a satisfactory score        (804) 828-6669                               ly using FAFSA on the Web; however,
on the Test of English as a Foreign            e-mail:                     applicants may apply using the paper
Language (TOEFL). The university                                                            FAFSA application.
minimum TOEFL score requirement is           MCV Campus:                                       Students should complete the FAFSA
550; however, most graduate programs           Schools of Allied Health Professions,        using data from their completed federal
prefer a minimum TOEFL score of 600.           Nursing and Pharmacy                         tax returns if at all possible. However,
   As VCU generally does not provide           Sanger Hall, Room 1-055                      applicants may use estimated tax
financial support for graduate interna-        1101 E. Marshall St.                         return data to file the FAFSA in order
tional students, applicants needing a          P.O. Box 980244                              to meet the VCU priority filing date but
student (F-1) visa or a visiting scholar       Richmond, VA 23298-0244                      should be prepared to submit a com-
(J-1) visa also must present document-         (804) 828-9800                               pleted tax return and W2 forms to VCU
ed evidence of available financial sup-                                                     at a later date. Students will receive
port to cover annual living and educa-          School of Dentistry                         their award letter after the application
tional expenses while studying at VCU.          Lyons Building, Room 309                    data has been verified.
   U.S. Immigration and Naturalization          520 N. 12th St.                                Health profession students (dentistry,
Service regulations usually do not allow        P.O. Box 980566                             medicine, nursing or pharmacy) must
nonimmigrant students to study at VCU           Richmond, VA 23298-0566                     provide both student and parental
as special (nondegree-seeking) students.        (804) 828-9196                              information to apply and receive con-
Proof of current visa type must be sub-                                                     sideration for Title VII grants and
mitted with the application for appli-          School of Medicine                          loans from the Department of Health
cants who are in the United States on           Sanger Hall, Room 1-008                     and Human Services.
student visas. F-1 students and J-1 visit-      1101 E. Marshall St.
ing scholars admitted to VCU must sub-          P.O. Box 980565                             Priority filing date
mit copies of all immigration documents         Richmond, VA 23298-0565
                                                                                              Graduate students are encouraged to
to the international student adviser            (804) 828-4006
                                                                                            submit the FAFSA and have the results
prior to enrolling in classes.                                                              sent to VCU no later than June 1. In
 8                                                   Part I   •   Graduate Studies at Virginia Commonwealth University

order to meet the June 1 priority filing     Accounting Department to the stu-              to the aid program(s). When funds are
date, graduate students should mail the      dent’s permanent address. When finan-          returned to the aid programs, it may be
FAFSA by April 15 if they complete the       cial aid awards are not enough to pay          necessary for the student to repay
paper FAFSA, or submit the FAFSA by          the university bill, the remaining bal-        funds from an earlier living expense
May 1 if they file electronically.           ance must be paid from the student’s           refund(s) for which the student is no
Completed applications received after        personal funds. The student may choose         longer eligible.
June 1 will be processed in the order        to participate in the VCU Installment
received. If students have not applied       Payment Plan. Federal Work-Study               Reasonable academic progress
for financial aid in a timely manner,        awards may not be deducted from the
                                                                                               To be eligible to receive financial aid
they may want to contact Student             university bill since work-study awards
                                                                                            at VCU, students must make
Accounting at (804) 828-2228 to request      must be earned throughout each term.
                                                                                            Reasonable Academic Progress (RAP).
the VCU Installment Payment Plan
                                                                                            RAP is a combination of qualitative and
which budgets each term's bill over four     Financial aid appeals                          quantitative components and is meas-
                                             Financial aid eligibility decisions are        ured by grade point average, number of
                                             made using federal, state and institu-         credit hours earned divided by the
Financial aid for summer terms               tional regulations and policies.               number of credit hours attempted, and
   Financial aid may be available for the    Students may appeal their award offers         number of credit hours attempted
summer term if the student applied and       if special circumstances warrant a             divided by the number of credit hours
was eligible for aid during the previous     review. Reasons for an appeal might            necessary to complete the degree or cer-
academic year. Information about the         include:                                       tification program. The Financial Aid
summer aid application form, deadlines           1. Documented unusual circum-              Office will perform a periodic RAP
and processing schedule is published in             stances including:                      review for students who receive or
the summer schedule of classes (avail-               • loss or reduction of employ-         apply for financial aid. RAP critiques
able in March). Although summer finan-                 ment earnings,                       are typically performed at the end of
cial aid applications are due earlier,               • disability or death of parent or     the spring term and must be completed
Academic Campus processing usually                     spouse,                              at least once per academic year.
occurs during the third week of April,               • separation or divorce,                  Students will be alerted with warn-
and MCV Campus processing begins                     • loss or reduction of untaxed         ing letters, whenever possible, to pro-
during the first week in April and con-                income,                              vide them with notice that their finan-
tinues through the beginning of May.                 • losses due to natural disaster,      cial aid may be in danger of being sus-
                                                     • unusually high educational           pended. When students fail to meet
Financial aid for study abroad                         program costs,                       RAP requirements, they will receive
                                                     • unusual medical expenses, or         suspension letters indicating that they
  In most cases, financial aid is avail-
                                                     • dependent and child care             are ineligible to receive financial aid.
able to eligible students enrolled in
                                                       expenses                             Students whose eligibility for financial
approved study-abroad programs. All
                                                 2. Considering all options, not hav-       aid has been suspended may submit an
study abroad programs must be coordi-
                                                    ing enough money for educational        appeal if mitigating circumstances pre-
nated through the VCU Center for
                                                    expenses.                               vented the student from maintaining
International Programs available at
                                                 3. Inaccurate information or delayed       RAP.
(804) 828-8471.
                                                    financial aid service.                     All students must have at least a 2.0
                                                Any financial aid staff member can          cumulative GPA, successfully complete
Quality assurance                            advise you about the procedures to fol-        at least 67 percent of all credit hours
   To ensure that information provided       low for an appeal.                             attempted (withdrawals, incompletes
on the FAFSA is accurate, applications                                                      and repeated courses are considered
may be selected for review at any time       Federal refund policy                          attempted credit hours), and attempt
during an enrollment period. The stu-                                                       no more than 150 percent of the hours
                                                Students who receive Title IV
dent, parent and/or spouse will be                                                          required to complete their graduate
                                             Federal Financial Aid and withdraw
requested to provide documentation                                                          degree or certificate program.
                                             from classes may qualify to have a por-
that supports the FAFSA information.
                                             tion of their financial aid returned to
When the FAFSA is signed, the appli-                                                        Types of financial aid
                                             the various programs (thereby reducing
cant agrees to furnish such documenta-
                                             amounts refunded to the student)                 There are three basic types of finan-
tion. If the student fails to provide doc-
                                             through the eighth week of the term.           cial aid: loans, grants and work-study.
umentation when requested to do so,
                                             This policy is subject to an administra-       Each type has different features and
the student’s financial aid will be can-
                                             tive fee that does not exceed the lesser       advantages.
celed and any funds already disbursed
                                             of $100 or five percent of the charges.            • Loans. In terms of total dollars
must be repaid.
                                                When the certified date of withdraw-              available, long-term federal loan
                                             al falls during the federal refund peri-             programs provide the most dol-
Financial aid and the university             od, financial aid eligibility is recalculat-         lars. Federal loans must be repaid
bill                                         ed. This recalculation may reduce                    after the grace period and/or
Bills for tuition, fees and other univer-    financial aid eligibility resulting in a             deferment periods have expired.
sity charges are mailed by the Student       partial or complete return of aid funds              Students must generally remain
 VCU Graduate Bulletin       •   1999-2000                                                                                          9

     enrolled at least half-time (five      the Internal Revenue Service and is                VCU. The veteran must submit
     credit hours for graduate stu-         subject to IRS rules.                              this information to the Office of
     dents). Multiple repayment plans          A university graduate assistant is              Veteran Services for transmittal
     may be available for most federal      precluded from any other type of                   to the Veteran’s Administration
     loans. Selected loan programs          employment and forgoes the normal                  Regional Office.
     include.                               student academic vacations for the              6. The veteran must notify the
      – Federal Direct Student Loan         period of the appointment. Graduate                Office of Veteran Services if
        (subsidized and unsubsidized)       program directors and prospective                  planning to drop or withdraw
      – Health Professions Student          graduate assistants should agree upon              from classes or stop attending
        Loan                                the specific conditions of employment              VCU.
      – Loans for Disadvantaged             before finalizing appointments.
        Students                               Inquiry about such awards should be
                                                                                        Graduate tuition and
      – Nursing Student Loan                made directly to the school or depart-
                                                                                        student fees
      – Primary Care Loan                   ment in which the student intends to
   • Grants. Contact individual aca-        enroll. Students in the process of             The tuition and fees for 1999-2000
     demic departments for informa-         applying for admission should indicate      are as listed. Additional fees may be
     tion about grant or scholarship        their interest in such support. Some        assessed by individual programs. A
     programs.                              programs include a separate applica-        complete listing of all university
   • Work-study. Work-Study is a            tion for support with the application       charges is published annually in the
     form of financial aid that pays        for admission. Refer to Part IV of this     VCU Schedule of Tuition, Fees, and
     wages for work performed               bulletin for additional information on      Other Expenses. A copy of this publica-
     through employment. Work-study         graduate student support for students       tion may be obtained from the Student
     positions are located on-campus        in the College of Humanities and            Accounting Department on the
     and in approved off-campus loca-       Sciences.                                   Academic Campus, 827 W. Franklin St.,
     tions. Hourly wages will vary                                                      (804) 828-2341, or on the MCV
     depending on skills and experi-        Veterans and reservist educational          Campus, Lyons Building Basement,
     ence. Job listings are posted at       benefits                                    (804) 828-0749 or online.
     the Career Center. When inter-                                                     – – –
                                              For information Veteran and                  All charges are subject to change by
     viewing for work-study positions,
                                            Reservist Educational Assistance eligi-     decision of the Board of Visitors.
     students should take a copy of
                                            bility, contact:
     their award letter to show
                                              Office of Veteran Services
     prospective employers. Students                                                    Academic Campus            In-state Out-of-state
                                              Financial Aid Department
     usually work 10 to 20 hours per
                                              901 W. Franklin St., Room 107
     week.                                                                              Full time per term
                                              Richmond, VA 23284-3026
                                                                                        (9-15 credit hours)
                                              (804) 828-6166
                                                                                        Fall 1999, spring 2000
Graduate assistantships                       e-mail:
                                                                                            Tuition                2,015.50     5,973.50
and fellowships                               Eligible veterans must comply with            University fee           436.00       436.00
   University graduate teaching and         the following requirements to receive           Health fee                71.00        71.00
research assistantships and fellowships     educational benefits as students.               Activity fee (AC)         13.00        13.00
are awarded to continuing and newly            1. The veteran must apply or be              Technology Fee            20.50        20.50
admitted graduate students. Eligibility           accepted into a degree- or certifi-                            ________     ________
is based on a variety of criteria.                cate-seeking program.                                          $ 2,556.00   $ 6,513.00
Students interested in these awards            2. The veteran must request certifi-     Part time
should inquire directly to the school or          cation after registering for cours-   (per credit hour)
department of enrollment. Students in             es each term and each summer          Fall 1999, spring 2000
the process of applying for admission             session from the Office of Veteran        Tuition                  224.00       664.00
should indicate their interest in such            Services.                                 University fee            36.00        36.00
support. Some programs include a sepa-         3. The veteran must be eligible for          Activity fee (AC)          1.50         1.50
rate application for support with the             benefits for only those courses           Technology fee             2.00         2.00
application for admission.                        applied toward a degree or cer-                                ________     ________
   Special rules, contained in the VCU            tificate program.                                                $ 263.50     $ 703.50
School of Graduate Studies Policies and        4. The veteran is not eligible for       Full time
Procedures Statement on Graduate                  benefits for courses taken on an      (9-15 credit hours)
Fellowships and Assistantships, apply             audit basis. If repeating a course    Summer 2000
to graduate assistants. A copy of this            or taking a course with no credits,       Tuition                2,016.00     5,973.50
publication is included with the gradu-           the veteran must notify the Office        University fee           279.00       279.00
ate dean’s official assistantship/fellow-         of Veteran Services.                      Activity fee (AC)         12.00        12.00
ship award letter. Such awards must be         5. The veteran is responsible for            Technology fee            13.00        13.00
coordinated with any other financial              ensuring that his/her tran-                                    ________     ________
aid. Any stipend support is reported to           scripts are evaluated for trans-                               $ 2,320.00   $ 6,277.50
                                                  fer credits to be accepted by
  10                                                                    Part I   •   Graduate Studies at Virginia Commonwealth University

Part time                                                       full-time tuition rate. Graduate students      Academic Common Market
(per credit hour)                                               fully funded as graduate assistants or           The state participates in the
Summer 2000                                                     graduate fellows with tuition remission        Academic Common Market, an inter-
   Tuition                             224.00         664.00    must register for at least nine credit         state agreement for sharing uncommon
   University fee                       23.00          23.00    hours per term (six credit hours during        academic programs at both the bac-
   Activity fee (AC)                     1.00           1.00    the summer if funded on a 12-month             calaureate and graduate levels. Other
   Technology fee                        2.00           2.00    stipend). Departmental requirements            states which participate in the ACM
                                   ________       ________      may vary; therefore, students should ver-      are Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware,
                                     $ 250.00       $ 690.00    ify expected course loads with their grad-     Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana,
                                                                uate program directors.                        Maryland, Mississippi, South Carolina,
MCV Campus                            In-state   Out-of-state
                                                                                                               Tennessee, Texas and West Virginia.
                                                                In-state residency                             Schools in these states are able to make
Full time per term
                                                                   Eligibility for in-state tuition benefits   arrangements for residents who qualify
(9-15 credit hours)
                                                                is determined by Section 23-7.4 of the         for admission to specific programs in
Fall 1999, spring 2000
                                                                Code of Virginia. Refer to “Appendix B”        other states to enroll on an in-state
    Tuition                          2,015.50       5,973.00
                                                                of this bulletin for the complete code.        tuition basis. A student who has been
    University fee                     436.00         436.00
                                                                   All applicants to VCU who want to be        accepted for admission into a program
    Health service fee                  71.00          71.00
                                                                classified as Virginia residents must          for which the student’s state of residen-
    SGA fee (MCV)                       14.00          14.00
                                                                complete the Application for Virginia          cy has obtained ACM access must
    Technology fee                      20.50          20.50
                                                                In-State Tuition Rates included in the         obtain certification of residency from
                                   ________       ________
                                                                graduate application. The residency            the higher education authority of the
                                   $ 2,557.00     $ 6,514.50
                                                                determination of the applicant will be         student’s state of residency. Inquiries
Part time
                                                                conveyed at the time of admission.             about the Academic Common Market
(per credit hour)
                                                                   New students who have been classi-          also should be directed to the higher
Fall 1999, spring 2000
                                                                fied initially as non-Virginians for           education authority of the student’s
    Tuition                           224.00          664.00
                                                                tuition purposes may request a review          state of residency. Questions also may
    University fee                     36.00           36.00
                                                                of the initial residency determination         be directed to VCU’s School of
    SGA fee (MCV)*                      5.00            5.00
                                                                by contacting Records and Registra-            Graduate Studies, (804) 828-6916.
    Technology fee                      2.00            2.00
                                   ________       ________
                                                                tion/Residency, (804) 828-0366. The res-
                                     $267.00        $ 707.00
                                                                idency officer may request that the            Refund of paid tuition
Full time per term
                                                                applicant complete a Student Supple-              Full-time and part-time students
(9-15 credit hours)
                                                                mental Application for Virginia In-            canceling or reducing their academic
Summer 2000
                                                                State Tuition Rates and submit sup-            course load will be entitled to the fol-
    Tuition                          2,016.00       5,973.00
                                                                porting documents for additional clari-        lowing prorated refund percentages.
    University fee                     279.00         279.00
                                                                fication. Continuing students desiring a           • 100 percent refund of tuition and
    SGA fee (MCV)                        9.00           9.00
                                                                change of residency status to in-state                fees for students dropping/with-
    Technology fee                      13.00          13.00
                                                                tuition rates must submit the supple-                 drawing through the first week of
                                   ________       ________
                                                                mental application along with support-                class each fall or spring term.
                                   $ 2,317.00     $ 6,274.00
                                                                ing documentation. Requests and appli-             • 80 percent refund of tuition and
Part time
                                                                cations for a second review must be                   university fee for students with-
(per credit hour)
                                                                submitted to the residency officer by                 drawing through the second
Summer 2000
                                                                the last day of add/drop week for each                week of class each fall or spring
   Tuition                            224.00         664.00
                                                                term; however, it is strongly recom-                  term.
   University fee                      23.00          23.00
                                                                mended that applications be submitted              • 60 percent refund of tuition and
   SGA fee (MCV)*                       5.00           5.00
                                                                by the appropriate deadline: fall term,               university fee for students with-
   Technology fee                       2.00           2.00
                                                                Aug. 1; spring term, Dec. 1; summer                   drawing through the third week of
                                   ________       ________
                                                                term, May 1.                                          class each fall or spring term.
                                      254.00         694.00
                                                                   Students will be notified by mail of            • 40 percent refund of tuition and
                                                                decisions regarding residency status.                 university fee for students with-
   * SGA fee is a flat rate of $5 per term for part-time
                                                                The Financial Aid and Student                         drawing through the fourth
                                                                Accounting departments also will                      week of class each fall or spring
                                                                receive official notification of residency            term.
                                                                decisions. Any denial for a change in             No amount will be refunded for
Full-time and part-time graduate                                residency status will include procedures
study                                                                                                          withdrawal after the fourth week
                                                                for appeal of the intermediate decision.       of classes.
  Graduate students registered for nine                         Students who submit fraudulent appli-             Please note: student activity, gov-
to 15 credit hours are considered full-                         cations, falsify documentation or conceal      ernment, health and private music fees
time. Graduate students registered for                          information will be subject to reclassifi-     are not prorated after the first week of
more than 15 credit hours during any                            cation, payment of all nonresident fees        class. Dormitory and board prorations
term will be charged an overload tuition                        owed and university discipline.                of charges continue to be determined by
fee on a per credit hour basis above the
 VCU Graduate Bulletin        •   1999-2000                                                                                     11

University Housing, (804) 828-7666,          with rules and regulations promulgated         Academic dishonesty is the giving,
and Food Services, (804) 828-1148.           by the State Comptroller and Attorney       taking or presenting of information or
   The actual date of withdrawal will be     General of the commonwealth of              material by students with the intent of
certified by Records and Registration,       Virginia, VCU will charge interest,         unethically or fraudulently aiding
and a refund, when appropriate, will be      costs and fees on all accounts past due.    themselves or others on any work that
computed based on that certified date.         VCU is participating in the Virginia      is to be considered in the determination
Not attending classes without having         Set-Off Debt Collection Act of 1981.        of a grade or the completion of academ-
completed the withdrawal procedure does      Under the provisions of this act, a         ic requirements. Students in doubt
not constitute grounds for a refund. To be   Virginia individual income tax refund       regarding any matter related to the
eligible for a refund, students must offi-   will be subject to the university’s claim   standards of academic integrity in a
cially drop or withdraw from their classes   for unpaid balances of tuition and fees.    given course or on a given assignment
through Records and Registration.            A charge of $20 will be levied for all      should consult with the faculty member
   Exceptions to this refund policy are      dishonored checks.                          responsible for the course before pre-
made only in rare instances. Written                                                     senting the work.
application for an exception must be
                                             General academic regulations
filed in the Student Accounting                                                          Effective bulletin
Department and will be forwarded to          University rules and procedures                The bulletin of record for a graduate
the Refund Waiver Appeals Committee
                                                Each member of the VCU community         student is the Graduate Bulletin in
for review. Students will be notified in
                                             has certain responsibilities, rights and    effect at the time of the student’s offi-
writing of the committee’s decision.
                                             privileges. These are stated in some        cial admission to the degree program
   Students in off-campus classes are
                                             detail in the VCU Rules and                 (as specified in the student’s official let-
subject to the same refund policy as all
                                             Procedures, and all students are            ter of admission). The effective bulletin
other university students if the class is
                                             responsible for being familiar with pro-    contains the official requirements that
scheduled on the regular term sched-
                                             visions of this document. The rules and     the student must complete to earn the
ule. If the off-campus class is shorter or
                                             procedures are printed in the campus        degree. A student who does not main-
longer than the academic term, the
                                             calendar and are also available at the      tain continuous enrollment (as defined
refund dates are adjusted accordingly.
                                             Office of the Dean of Student Affairs.      in Part I of the effective bulletin) must
   If the refund reduction results in an
                                             This document also provides for the         reapply to the program and will be sub-
overpayment on the account, a complet-
                                             process whereby disciplinary action,        ject to the requirements of the bulletin
ed Refund Request Form must be sub-
                                             including separation from VCU, may be       in effect at the time of readmission.
mitted to the Student Accounting
                                             taken against a member of the univer-       Exception to this policy must be
Department. Refund Request Forms are
                                             sity community as a result of behavior      approved by the student’s graduate pro-
available in the Student Accounting
                                             which is in violation of the prohibited     gram director, dean and dean of the
Department on both campuses. Refunds
                                             conduct as stated in the Rules and          School of Graduate Studies.
resulting from overpayments and/or
changes in registration will not be
                                                All students enrolled in courses on      Degree requirements
processed until after the add/drop late
                                             the MCV Campus are subject to the
registration process is complete. Total                                                    The minimum course requirements,
                                             Honor System of the MCV Campus
processing time is approximately two to                                                  rules of admission to degree candidacy,
                                             and, as such, are required to sign an
three weeks.                                                                             language requirements, thesis or dis-
                                             Honor Pledge Card. Copies of the
                                             Honor Code and Pledge Cards are             sertation requirements, comprehensive
Statement of student financial               available in University Records and         examinations, transfer of credits and
responsibility                               Registration, Sanger Hall, Room 1-055.      the like are specified for each program
                                                In addition to those standards of con-   in Part II through XIII of this bulletin.
  Students who fail to meet payments
                                             duct described in VCU Rules and             Many schools, programs and depart-
when due will be assessed late payment
                                             Procedures and the MCV Campus               ments print special brochures, student
penalties and will be denied registration
                                             Honor Code, which applies to all stu-       manuals and program guides which
for future classes until they have paid
                                             dents enrolled on the MCV Campus, a         may be requested from the appropriate
all accrued amounts owed. Students
                                             student enrolled at the university may      dean or program director.
with balances owed to the university
will not be issued degrees, transcripts of   be dismissed from the school in which
grades, or graduate reports until all        enrolled for failure to meet prescribed     Advising program
charges are paid in full.                    academic program requirements.                Students are responsible for the
  Any communication disputing an                VCU seeks to foster insight, imagina-    proper completion of their academic
amount owed, including an instrument         tion, creativity, resourcefulness, dili-    programs. They must be familiar with
tendered as full satisfaction of a debt,     gence, honesty and responsibility as        the Graduate Bulletin including gener-
must be submitted to the Director of         well as the education of the men and        al academic regulations promulgated by
Treasury Services, Office of the             women enrolled in its graduate pro-         individual schools and departments.
Treasurer, P.O. Box 843031, Richmond,        grams. Such an enterprise can take          The offices of the deans and depart-
VA 23284-3031.                               place only where the highest standards      ment chairs, in cooperation with the
  Pursuant to Section 2.1-732 et seq., of    of academic integrity exist.                advisers and faculty, endeavor to follow
the Code of Virginia, and in accordance                                                  each student’s academic progress, and
 12                                                Part I   •   Graduate Studies at Virginia Commonwealth University

students are encouraged to seek coun-       member concerning graduate work on           bulletin for the exact date. Students may
sel whenever there is a need. If advis-     a project, work of art, thesis or disser-    withdraw from courses only in accor-
ers are unable to resolve problems sat-     tation must register formally for a          dance with the following procedures.
isfactorily, they will refer students to    course while engaged in these activi-            • After the first week of classes and
others as deemed appropriate and nec-       ties. A graduate student who has com-              until the end of the eighth week of
essary. In order to aid advising, stu-      pleted course requirements for a                   classes, withdrawal forms may be
dents have the responsibility to keep a     degree must register at VCU each                   obtained only in the Records and
current mailing address on file with        term until the degree is awarded.                  Registration and must be filed
Records and Registration, as well as        Departments or schools will determine              with that office before the student
with the school and department in           the number of hours for which stu-                 officially is withdrawn. Students
which they are enrolled.                    dents must register for each term as               should retain a copy of the correct-
                                            part of their continuous registration              ed schedule for record purposes.
Exceptions                                  policies.                                        • Withdrawals after the add/drop
                                               Once admitted to a degree program, a            period and before the end of the
   Exceptions to graduate policies must
                                            graduate student is expected to enroll             eighth week of classes will become
be approved by the dean of the School
                                            each term. A student admitted to a pro-            part of the permanent academic
of Graduate Studies. Appeals for excep-
                                            gram or track not requiring a project,             record and will be indicated by a
tions to graduate school policies are to
                                            work of art, thesis or dissertation must           mark of withdrawal (“W”).
be made in writing by students to their
                                            register for at least three term hours           • Students who do not complete
graduate advisers. The advisers will
                                            each calendar year.                                withdrawal forms when ceasing to
forward their recommendations along
                                               Instructors are responsible for clearly         attend a class will be assigned
with copies of the students’ appeals to
                                            informing the student in writing of the            failing grades.
the dean of the School of Graduate
                                            attendance requirement for each course
Studies, who represents the University
                                            and the consequences of poor atten-          Cancellation of registration
Graduate Council.
                                            dance. A student must abide by the
                                                                                           A cancellation of registration must be
                                            requirements as announced in each
Student load                                                                             made prior to the end of the add/drop
                                            separate class even though the require-
                                                                                         period by notifying, in writing, Records
   Student load is the total number of      ments may vary widely among courses.
                                                                                         and Registration. Refunds will be
credits for which students are enrolled
                                                                                         issued in accordance with procedures
in any term. Degree-seeking students        Residence for Ph.D. programs                 set forth under “Request for Refund in
may be either full time or part time,
                                              For all Ph.D. programs, a period of        the Graduate Tuition and Student
dependent upon program rules.
                                            residence of at least two consecutive        Fees” section of this bulletin.
Students who are fully funded as VCU
                                            terms is required. Residency is defined
graduate assistants with tuition remis-
                                            as at least nine credits per term. The       Immunization requirements
sion are classified as “full time” during
                                            specific requirements for residency will
any term in which they enroll for nine                                                     VCU requires that all full-time stu-
                                            be detailed by the individual programs.
or more credits (six during the summer                                                   dents have a validated immunization
if funded on a 12-month stipend).                                                        record on file at the University Student
Departmental requirements vary;             Change in registration                       Health Service. This is a requirement
therefore, funded students should veri-        Once a student has registered for         which must be completed prior to
fy expected course loads with their         classes, changes in registration must be     matriculation. Failure to meet these
graduate program directors.                 made according to the procedures listed      state law requirements will result in a
   The maximum number of credits for        below. Whenever a student makes any          hold placed on the student’s second
which students may enroll in any term       change in registration, the student          term registration. The hold can be
without special permission is 15. More      should keep a copy of the new schedule       removed only upon receipt of the stu-
than 15 credits is an overload and may      as verification of the change.               dent’s documented records.
result in increased tuition and fees.          During the add/drop period.                 The immunization record must be
Permission to enroll for more than 15       Exact dates for add/drop periods before      completed fully and accurately and also
credits will be granted upon the written    and during the first week of classes are     must be accompanied by documentation
recommendation of the adviser, through      listed in the schedule booklet each          that the vaccines were given. This com-
departmental governance procedures,         term. Changes in registration during         pletion may be done in several ways.
to the dean of the School of Graduate       the add/drop periods can be made by          For example:
Studies.                                    completing a Course Request Form and            1. students may have their physi-
                                            submitting it to Records and                       cians transfer the information
Attendance and continuance                  Registration. Courses dropped during               from their medical records and
policies                                    add/drop periods do not show on a stu-             sign the forms verifying their
                                            dent’s permanent record.                           accuracy, or
  Any person engaged in any form of
                                               After the add/drop period.                   2. students may complete the forms
study at VCU which involves use of
                                            Students may not add courses after the             using information received from
university facilities, laboratories/stu-
                                            add/drop period. Students may not                  their local health departments or
dios, libraries or who is supervised by
                                            withdraw from courses after the eighth             from the armed services, but they
or consults regularly with a faculty
                                            week of classes. See the calendar in this
 VCU Graduate Bulletin        •   1999-2000                                                                                     13

       then must attach validated copies     occurrence, or (4) documentation of            The student’s permanent academic
       of supporting documentation.          immune titer proving immunity. Note:         record will indicate a grade of with-
   Many middle schools and high              Measles vaccine given before 1968 is         drawn (“W”) for all courses in which the
schools require validated immunization       not acceptable.                              student was enrolled.
records from all students. If students          Mumps. Documentation of one of the          Health-related withdrawals.
recently have graduated from high            following is necessary: (1) mumps vac-       While graduate students are expected
school, their immunization records may       cine given after age one, month/day/year     to work toward completion of their
still be available. They may request         documented, (2) report of immune titer,      degrees without interruption, health-
that the high school provide them with       proving immunity, (3) physician’s certifi-   related problems may necessitate with-
a copy of their immunization records.        cation of diagnosis of mumps, including      drawal from the university.
   If students cannot provide document-      month and year of occurrence, or (4)             • Some schools require a state-
ed evidence of full immunization             birth prior to 1957 (presumption of                ment from a physician indicating
according to VCU guidelines, then the        immunity).                                         the nature and severity of the
students must see their family physi-           Rubella (German Measles).                       condition, when a student should
cians or health departments and              Documentation of one of the following is           stop attending classes, and the
receive updated immunizations. Most          necessary: (1) Rubella vaccine given after         estimated date of return to school.
city and county health departments           one year of age (document                        • In the event that a student’s health
offer immunization clinics (Richmond         month/day/year) or (2) Report of immune            problem poses a danger to the stu-
City Health Department, 500 N. 10th          titer proving immunity. If an immune               dent, to patients or to others with
St., Room 114). Some clinics require a       titer is used to prove immunity, a copy of         whom the student may come in
small service fee.                           the laboratory sheet must be sent as doc-          contact and the student is unable
   Immunity to the following diseases        umentation. Note: A history of disease is          or refuses to initiate steps to with-
must be documented as specified on the       not acceptable. Rubella vaccine given              draw as stated above, administra-
forms supplied by the School of              before June 9, 1969 is not acceptable.             tive withdrawal of the student may
Graduate Studies with the formal offer          Students with questions should con-             be made by the dean of the School
of admission.                                tact the immunizations staff of                    of Graduate Studies upon consulta-
   Tetanus. Documentation of both 1          University Student Health Service.                 tion with the appropriate faculty
and 2 is necessary: (1) Primary immu-                                                           and a qualified physician.
nization series, including month/day/year      Academic Campus                                • Because curricular and course
of each dose, and (2) Tetanus/diphtheria       Suite 159, Gladding Residence Center             content changes may occur and a
(Td) booster (month/day/year) within the       711 W. Main St.                                  student’s progress toward a
past 10 years.                                 Richmond, VA 23284-2022                          degree may be affected adversely
   Diphtheria. Documentation of both           (804) 828-8828                                   because of an extended absence,
1 and 2 is necessary: (1) Primary                                                               specific time periods may be
immunization series, including               Withdrawal policies                                imposed by individual schools
month/day/year of each dose, and (2)                                                            with respect to the length of time
                                               Leave of absence. Students may
Tetanus/diphtheria (Td) booster, includ-                                                        allowed for absence from school. If
                                             request a leave of absence from a pro-
ing month/day/year within the past 10                                                           there is a delay in return beyond
                                             gram through written appeal to their
years.                                                                                          the allotted time period without
                                             advisers. The adviser will forward the
   Polio. (1) Primary immunization                                                              written consent of the dean of the
                                             request, following departmental gover-
with a total of three doses of OPV (oral                                                        School of Graduate Studies, the
                                             nance procedures, along with a recom-
Sabin) or (2) primary immunization                                                              student may petition for return
                                             mendation to the dean of the School of
with a total of four doses of IPV (inject-                                                      with advanced standing.
                                             Graduate Studies who will respond for
ed Salk). Note: Documentation of prior                                                        • Some schools require that prior to
                                             the university. Students who do not
vaccination against polio, including                                                            return to school, the student must
                                             register for courses for more than one
month/day/year of each dose, is                                                                 submit to the dean of the School
                                             calendar year and who have not been
required; however, if not completed in                                                          of Graduate Studies a statement
                                             granted a leave of absence must reap-
the past it is not recommended that the                                                         from a physician. This statement
                                             ply for admission to VCU and to the
student complete the primary polio                                                              should document that the condi-
                                             graduate degree program.
series unless the student is less than                                                          tion that necessitated the with-
                                               Withdrawal from the university.
18 years old or is planning travel to an                                                        drawal has been corrected to a
                                             To withdraw officially from VCU, a stu-
area endemic or epidemic for polio.                                                             point where the student can com-
                                             dent must submit a complete Official
   Rubeola (Measles). Documentation                                                             plete successfully all curriculum
                                             Withdrawal Form to Records and
of one of the following is necessary: (1)                                                       requirements with reasonable
                                             Registration before the end of the
Born before 1957 and, therefore, con-                                                           accommodation including class-
                                             eighth week of classes. The Official
sidered immune, (2) two doses of the                                                            room, laboratory, clinical and
                                             Withdrawal Form is obtained from
measles vaccine both administered                                                               fieldwork experience.
                                             Records and Registration, 827 W.
after 1967 and given after the first
                                             Franklin St., Room 104. Failure to com-
birthday at least one month apart                                                         Change of discipline
                                             plete this form may result in the
(document month/day/year), (3) physi-
                                             assignment of failing grades in all or         Students wishing to change to a grad-
cian’s certification of diagnosis of
                                             some of the courses.                         uate discipline outside their present
measles including month and year of
 14                                                 Part I   •   Graduate Studies at Virginia Commonwealth University

programs should obtain new applica-         discipline other than the discipline of       library for binding. Students should
tion forms from the School of Graduate      the candidate. The chair of the commit-       contact their graduate program direc-
Studies. Generally, they will have to       tee will be designated as the candi-          tors regarding internal schedules for
submit new applications to the new          date’s faculty adviser. Master’s candi-       submission of copy, defense and
program with all material required of       dates for whom a thesis or its equiva-        approval.
new applicants. The dean of the School      lent is not required will have an advis-
of Graduate Studies will work with the      er appointed by the department.               Satisfactory academic progress
administrators of the two disciplines to       A graduate dissertation committee
                                                                                             Students must continue to make sat-
facilitate the admission process for eli-   shall be appointed for each doctoral
                                                                                          isfactory progress toward their degrees.
gible students.                             candidate. The committee will have a
                                                                                          Unsatisfactory grades and unprofes-
                                            minimum of four faculty members,
                                                                                          sional conduct are areas that may war-
Transfer credit                             including a chair, who will serve as the
                                                                                          rant review for possible termination
                                            candidate’s faculty adviser. At least
   Generally, a maximum of one third                                                      from the program.
                                            two members must be from within the
of the didactic hours required for a                                                         Specifically, a student will receive no
                                            candidate’s discipline and at least one
master’s degree may be transferred                                                        credit for a course in which a grade of
                                            from another discipline.
from another VCU program or outside                                                       less than a “C” is given.
                                               Upon satisfactory completion of all
institution and, if not applied previous-                                                    A student who receives a grade of “C”
                                            program requirements for admission to
ly towards another degree, may be                                                         or less on six term hours or 20 percent
                                            candidacy, the doctoral matriculant will
applied towards a degree. A maximum                                                       of the term hours attempted (whichever
                                            take written and/or oral comprehensive
of 25 percent of course work other than                                                   is greater), or a student who receives a
                                            examinations administered by the stu-
research applied toward all doctoral                                                      grade of “D” or “F” will be reviewed for
                                            dent’s major department or school.
programs at VCU may be transferred                                                        possible academic termination by their
                                            Successful completion of the examina-
from another VCU program or outside                                                       graduate program faculty. The term
                                            tions shall entitle the student to
institution if not previously applied                                                     hours used in this computation do not
                                            advance to doctoral degree candidacy
toward another degree. Acceptance of                                                      include courses graded on a “S/U” basis.
                                            status. The candidate is then allowed to
transfer credit is made at the school
                                            proceed with the research and prepara-
level. (Various schools may have more                                                     Graduation requirements
                                            tion of the dissertation and any other
stringent requirements.)
                                            doctoral degree requirements designat-           Candidates for degrees are eligible for
   All transfer work must be at the “A”
                                            ed by the department.                         graduation upon completion of all aca-
or “B” grade level from an accredited
                                               In the event of failure, the student       demic requirements in effect at the time
institution or university. “Credit” or
                                            may be permitted to retake the com-           of the first registration, provided the
“pass” grades can be accepted only if
                                            prehensive examination one time only.         students are continuously enrolled and
approved by petitioning the Graduate
                                            The re-examination requires the               provided the requirements are met
Advisory Committee or equivalent of
                                            approval of the appropriate graduate          within the time limit specified by the
the student’s school or college. Students
                                            program committee.                            school or program. Students failing to
must be in good standing both at VCU
                                               All research, thesis and dissertation      satisfy the time requirement and who
and at the institution from which the
                                            credits taken as part of the final project    are readmitted to a program shall satis-
credits were earned. Some programs
                                            (thesis/dissertation/project) for award-      fy requirements in effect at the time of
will not accept credits earned as a non-
                                            ing a graduate degree are to be graded        reacceptance into the degree program.
degree-seeking graduate student for
                                            each term as “S,” “U” or “F.” An individ-        All degrees are conferred by the VCU
transfer. VCU will not accept credits
                                            ual department may terminate a stu-           Board of Visitors upon recommendation
which do not apply to a graduate
                                            dent who does not progress satisfactori-      of the graduate faculty. Degrees are
degree at the offering institution for
                                            ly as indicated by a “U” grade in             granted at the close of the term or sum-
transfer nor will it accept credits from
                                            research, thesis/dissertation/project         mer session in which students complete
unaccredited institutions for transfer.
                                            course work. A student who receives a         their work. Degrees will not be granted
                                            final grade of “F” in the thesis or disser-   unless all financial obligations have
Thesis/dissertation examinations            tation will be terminated from the            been resolved with VCU’s accounting
  General regulations applying to the-      graduate program.                             office. No degrees will be conferred
sis/dissertation committees and compe-         The final date for completion of a         unless students make formal applica-
tency examinations are as follows.          graduate thesis/dissertation is the last      tion for graduation. A student must
  A graduate advisory committee shall       day of classes of the term for which the      be enrolled at the time of applica-
be appointed for each candidate for a       student has applied to graduate. (See         tion (i.e., the term in which the stu-
master’s degree from whom there is a        the calendar in the front of this bul-        dent graduates).
requirement to produce a thesis or its      letin for exact dates.) By this day, final       Application forms may be obtained
equivalent in the form of a research        copies of the thesis/dissertation with        from Records and Registration. Some
project, performance, exhibit or other      all appropriate signatures must be            schools require additional forms which
production. The committee will coordi-      submitted to University Library               must be cleared through the dean’s
nate and supervise the preparation of       Services for binding. The graduate            office of the school in question.
the thesis or its equivalent. The com-      degree will not be awarded nor will the          Graduation applications must be sub-
mittee shall have a minimum of three        graduate diploma be released until this       mitted by students to their advisers or
faculty, one of whom should be from a       material has been submitted to the            deans no later than the dates indicated
 VCU Graduate Bulletin        •   1999-2000                                                                                                15

on the calendar appearing in the front       or graduate program director, by the         Procedure and shall ensure that the
of this bulletin. Students should sched-     dean of the School of Graduate Studies.      requirements of the Grade Review
ule conferences with their advisers well        Course work completed before              Procedure are followed.
ahead of the deadline and should note        matriculation and applied toward the            If the department chair is unable to
that the application requires the            degree, including course work at VCU         resolve the complaint, then the dean of
approval of the adviser, the department      and that transferred from other institu-     the school in which the course was
chair or the school director of graduate     tions, will be evaluated by the pro-         offered will form a grade review com-
studies, and the dean. Students may          gram/department to determine whether         mittee as described in the Grade
not apply the same credits towards two       it can be used to fulfill degree require-    Review Procedure policy and will sub-
master’s degrees.                            ments. For course work which was             mit its decision to the dean of the
   Graduate credit hours earned              taken more than seven years prior to         school. The decision communicated by
towards a VCU certificate may be             the completion of the VCU degree, the        the dean of the school in which the pro-
applied to degree requirements for           program/department will evaluate the         gram resides is the final decision and
master’s or Ph.D. programs. The deter-       course work for acceptability and report     will be distributed to the student, facul-
mination of the acceptability of specific    those courses deemed acceptable to the       ty member(s) and department chair.
courses to be used for both the certifi-     dean of the School of Graduate Studies.         In cases concerning grades awarded
cate and the graduate degree will be                                                      for the fall term, the written appeal
the responsibility of that master’s or       Grade reports                                must be submitted to the department
Ph.D. program or school.                                                                  chair no later than 30 calendar days
                                               Final grade reports are sent to stu-
   At least one half of the required                                                      after the beginning of the following
                                             dents at the end of each term. Grade
courses in a program will be those des-                                                   spring term. In cases concerning grades
                                             reports are mailed to the official mail-
ignated as exclusively for graduate stu-                                                  awarded for the spring term or summer
                                             ing address on file. Students must sub-
dents. The grade-point average for                                                        sessions, the written appeal must be
                                             mit in writing any change of address to
graduation must be based on all gradu-                                                    submitted no later than 30 calendar
                                             Records and Registration, P.O. Box
ate courses attempted after acceptance                                                    days after the beginning of the follow-
                                             842520, Richmond, VA 23284-2520.
into the program.                                                                         ing fall term.
   In addition to the specific require-
ments listed by department, the follow-      Transcripts
                                                                                          Grading system
ing general requirements must be met           Official transcripts of a student’s aca-
                                                                                            Work quality is measured by the
for graduation. Degree applicants:           demic record will be issued only by
                                                                                          four-point grade system with the fol-
    • must apply for graduation by the       Records and Registration upon written
                                                                                          lowing equivalents:
       dates specified in the University     request of the student. Transcripts
       Calendar, and                         given directly to students do not carry
                                                                                            Grade symbol                  Grade-point value per
    • must have achieved an overall          the university seal and are not official.
                                                                                            and meaning                        term credit
       grade-point average of 3.0 (“B”).     The seal is attached when the tran-
                                                                                            A                                      4.0
   The total number of term credits          script is mailed directly from the uni-
                                                                                            B                                      3.0
required for graduation depends upon         versity to the receiving party.
                                                                                            C                                      2.0
the major. Specific information may be
                                                                                            D                                      1.0
found under the degree program               Repeated courses                               F                                      0.0
                                               Students receiving grades below “B”          P/F (Pass/Fail)                        0.0
                                             shall repeat a course only upon the            PR                                     0.0
Reapplying for graduation                    advice of their program directors. Both        S/U (Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory)      0.0
   Candidates who do not graduate at         the original grade and the repeat grade
the end of the term for which they have      shall be included in the calculation of         All other grades are temporary, carry
made applications must re-register and       the grade-point average.                     no credit and are not used in the com-
reapply.                                                                                  putation of a grade-point average. Refer
   Students must be enrolled at the          Grade review procedure                       to the following pages for an explana-
time of application/reapplication                                                         tion of the use of the grades of satisfac-
                                               If a student thinks that a grade is
(i.e., the term in which the student                                                      tory and unsatisfactory in relation to
                                             inaccurate, the situation should be dis-
graduates).                                                                               thesis/dissertation/research classes.
                                             cussed with the faculty member. This
                                                                                             The number of grade points earned is
                                             will allow the faculty member to
Time limit for completion                                                                 computed by multiplying the grade-
                                             explain how the final grade was deter-
of degree requirements                                                                    point value for the letter grade by the
                                             mined and, if an error is detected, to
and eligibility of courses                                                                number of term credits for the course.
                                             submit a change of grade.
                                                                                          As an example, a student receiving an
  The time limit for a graduate degree         If the student still thinks that the
                                                                                          “A” (i.e., four grade points) in a three-
will not extend beyond a period of seven     grade was assigned unfairly, a written
                                                                                          credit course receives 12 grade points.
years, which, at the master’s level,         appeal should be submitted to the
                                                                                             The grades of accepted transfer
includes five years with two possible one-   department chair. Upon receipt of the
                                                                                          courses are not included in the compu-
year extensions which may be granted,        written appeal, the department chair
                                                                                          tation of the VCU grade-point average.
upon written petition through the adviser    shall provide the student with a copy
                                                                                          Graduate students are not designated
                                             and explanation of the Grade Review
 16                                                 Part I   •   Graduate Studies at Virginia Commonwealth University

as special honors graduates (i.e., cum      Grade of incomplete (I)                      a graduate degree are to be graded
laude, magna cum laude, summa cum              If because of circumstances beyond        each term as “S,” “U” or “F.” There is no
laude) on transcripts or diplomas upon      their control, students are unable to        limit to the number of these credits a
completion of their programs.               meet all the requirements of a course        student may take while pursuing com-
   No graduate student shall be award-      by the end of a term, the mark of            pletion of the degree as long as the stu-
ed degree credit for remedial work.         incomplete (“I”) may be given. The           dent receives a grade of “S” for each
Students advised to take any level          awarding of a mark of “I” requires an        credit. An individual department may
course for remedial work should be          understanding between instructor and         terminate a student who does not
notified in writing that the course cred-   student as to when and how the course        progress satisfactorily as indicated by a
it shall not apply to the degree they are   will be completed. This understanding        “U” grade in research, thesis/disserta-
pursuing. Other bodies may rule later,      must be recorded on an Incomplete            tion/project course work. A student who
should the student wish to apply the        Grade Assignment Form which is sub-          receives a final grade of “F” in the the-
credit to some other degree.                mitted instead of a final course grade.      sis or dissertation will be terminated
                                            The maximum time limit for submis-           from the graduate program.
Grade of audit (AU)                         sion of all course work necessary for
   Class size permitting, students may      removal of an incomplete is the end of       Grade of withdrawn (W)
register for courses on an audit basis. A   the last day of classes of the next term       The grade of “W” indicates that the
student may register for audit only dur-    following the term in which the incom-       student has officially withdrawn from a
ing add/drop and late registration peri-    plete was incurred (i.e., an incomplete      course or has been dropped for nonat-
ods as a new registration and not as a      awarded in the fall term must be con-        tendance. No student who has officially
change from credit to audit. Auditing a     verted by the last day of classes in the     withdrawn from a course or who has
course means a student enrolls in a         spring term, and an incomplete award-        been dropped for nonattendance may
course, but does not receive academic       ed in the spring or summer term must         attend subsequent meetings of the
credit upon completion of the course. A     be converted by the last day of classes      course.
student who registers on an audit basis     in the fall term). At that time, an unre-
is subject to attendance regulations of     moved grade of incomplete is changed
                                                                                         Course listings
that class and may be administratively      automatically to a failing grade.
                                            Individual departments and schools           Identification of symbols
withdrawn by an instructor for a viola-
                                            may have more stringent time limits.         I            A course offered in the first term
tion of class requirements for audit stu-
                                            An extension of the time limit is possi-     II           A course offered in the second term
dents, before or after the normal eight-
                                            ble, but must be approved, prior to the      I, II        A course offered in each term
week withdrawal deadline. A student
                                            expiration date stated above, by the         I and II     A course continued through two terms
who registers for audit may be subject
                                            instructor and the dean of the school        S            A course offered in summer sessions
to other course requirements at the dis-
cretion of the instructor. Audit students   through which the course is offered.
are charged the regular rate of tuition     Written approval indicating the new          Course interpretation
and fees. An audit course is counted as     time limit must be filed with the dean          A single number listing for a course,
part of the student’s term load in terms    of the School of Graduate Studies.           such as MGMT 648, indicates that it
of classification as a full-time student.                                                is a one-term course and may be
Courses taken for audit, however, do        Grade of pass (P)                            offered each term or only one term
not satisfy minimum enrollment                 This grade is awarded for certain         each year.
requirements for students receiving         courses to denote satisfactory comple-          Courses listed with a double number,
graduate teaching or research assist-       tion of requirements. Courses assigned       such as THEA 603, 604 and designated
antships, graduate fellowships, or uni-     the grade of “P” will not be computed in     as term courses, consist of two one-term
versity graduate scholarships.              the grade-point average.                     courses, either term of which may be
                                                                                         taken without the other.
Grade of continued (CO)                                                                     Courses listed with a double number,
                                            Grade of progress (PR)
                                                                                         such as APPM 575-576, are designated
  The grade of “CO” may be assigned as        The mark of “PR” may be assigned           as continuous courses and consist of
an interim grade for those courses which    only in courses approved for such grad-      two one-term courses, the first of which
run over several grade reporting periods.   ing. Unlike the mark of “I,” “PR” will       can be taken without the second, but
The “CO” indicates that the course is not   not automatically be changed to a fail-      the second of which cannot be taken
expected to be completed in a single        ing grade at the end of the succeeding       without the successful completion of
term and that students must reregister      term.                                        the first.
for the course. Upon completion of the
                                                                                            The university reserves the right to
course, a final grade will be assigned to
                                            Grades of satisfactory (S),                  withdraw any course or program.
the current term, and the previous “CO”
                                            unsatisfactory (U), or fail (F)
grade(s) will remain. This grade may be
                                            in research, thesis, and                     Course numbering
assigned only in courses approved for
                                            dissertation courses
such grading.                                                                              All schools and programs within VCU
                                               All research, thesis, and dissertation    use the following course numbering
                                            credits taken as part of the final project   system. All course numbers consist of
                                            (thesis/dissertation/project) for awarding
  VCU Graduate Bulletin                      •   1999-2000                                                                                          17

three digits (XXX). The first digit                              Campus Police                                    • emergency telephones throughout
relates to the course level as follows:                             The VCU Campus Police Department                both campuses,
                                                                 consists of professionally trained men           • a robbery prevention handbook
0XX Noncredit courses                                            and women who provide police and                   designed by representatives of the
Such courses are offered for students to make up deficien-       patrol responsibilities for the university         Campus Police Department,
cies in previous training or to improve certain basic skills     community. All officers are sworn and            • Campus-On-Watch brochures and
prior to full-time enrollment in undergraduate credit courses.   certified in the state of Virginia and             handbooks,
                                                                 have passed state mandated training              • Campus Watch publication which
IXX and 2XX Undergraduate, lower level                           requirements prior to becoming VCU                 is sent to employees monthly.
Courses with these numbers are offered primarily for under-      Police Officers. The department is open            Campus Watch addresses crime
graduate students and may not be used for graduate credit,       24 hours a day, 365 days a year.                   prevention tips and is designed by
although graduate students may be required to register for          The Medical College of Virginia                 representatives of the Campus
courses at this level to gain a necessary foundation for other   Hospital Security Department is a non-             Police Department, and
course work.                                                     sworn, twenty-four hours a day, 365              • Victim/Witness Assistance.
                                                                 days a year program. It is committed to         The above services are available by
3XX and 4XX Undergraduate, upper level                           the security and safety of the populace      contacting the Crime Prevention Section
Courses offered for advanced undergraduates and usually          to enhance the hospital's continuous         of the VCU Police. Call (804) 828-1214
constitute the major portion of specific program work lead-      mission for patient care. The VCU            for assistance in setting up a program.
ing to the baccalaureate degree. On occasion, students will      Police Department augments the MCV
be advised by their graduate advisers to enroll in a 4XX         Hospital Security.                           Career services
course.                                                             The VCU Police Department has a              The University Career Center assists
                                                                 University Security Department, which        students in identifying and achieving
5XX Introductory graduate courses                                is non-sworn and consists of part-time       career goals. The center’s library offers
Graduate students enroll for credit in these courses through     employees, student auxiliary and volun-      computerized career search programs, a
the normal graduate advising system. Departments may limit       teer students who participate in the         complete career information system
the number of 500-level courses applicable to a graduate         COPS (Corps of Prevention Specialist)        (books, videos, cassettes), and informa-
degree program. Advanced undergraduates may enroll in            program. These security guards wear a        tion on employers (annual reports,
these courses for credit with consent of the offering depart-    blue uniform that displays a security        recruiting brochures, directories) and
ment. Credit is applicable toward only one degree.               patch on the sleeve, and work inside         on educational opportunities.
    First year, first professional (medicine and den-            the buildings and assist with escorts.          Students have the opportunity to
tistry). Courses normally open to students enrolled in the       They are assets to the VCU Police            participate in career planning groups
M.D. and D.D.S. programs. Certain courses of this group may      Department and assist as extra eyes          and to meet with staff members for
be designated by the department and approved by the              and ears for the department.                 career counseling and skills/interests
Graduate Council for graduate credit.                               The following specific programs are       assessments. Two popular topics for
                                                                 available to the members of the VCU          individual sessions are resume reviews
6XX, 7XX, and 8XX Graduate courses                               community:                                   and referrals to the Alumni Career
Graduate students enroll for credit in these courses through         • tailor-made safety awareness           Advisers Network. The network allows
the normal graduate advising system.                                    or crime prevention oral              students to talk with VCU alumni
    6XX Second year, first professional (medicine, den-                 presentations,                        already active in their career fields.
tistry, and pharmacy). Courses normally open only to stu-            • rape awareness talks and a self-       Students learn job search skills by par-
dents enrolled in the M.D., D.D.S., and Pharm.D. programs.              defense course designed for           ticipating in mock interviews and
Certain courses of this group may be designated by the                  women called RAD (Rape                small-group workshops on such topics
department and approved by the Graduate Council for gradu-              Aggression Defense),                  as interviewing techniques. An exten-
ate credit.                                                          • physical security surveys, upon        sive video collection also is available for
    7XX Third and fourth year, first professional (medi-                request, with accompanying rec-       individual viewing.
cine, dentistry, and pharmacy). Courses normally open                   ommendations and suggestions,            The center maintains a job bank of
only to students enrolled in the M.D., D.D.S., and Pharm.D.          • escort services are available for      both part-time and full-time openings.
programs. Certain courses of this group may be designated               both the MCV campus and the           Students can gain full-time and part-
by the department and approved by the Graduate Council for              Academic campus. Call 828-            time job listings and campus interview
graduate credit.                                                        WALK for a walking or riding          sign-ups and become part of a referral
                                                                        escort,                               database by registering with the
University resources                                                 • a Local Management Group (LMG)         1stPlace! registration system and
and services                                                            program. This program is similar      résumé writing program.
                                                                        to local “Neighborhood Watch” pro-       Students graduating within the aca-
Bookstores                                                              grams across the nation,              demic year use the University Career
  For convenience, VCU supports two                                  • bicycle registration,                  Center to interview with business,
bookstores and a technology store. For                               • individual security consultations,     industry, government, and education
services, hours and locations, see the                               • Operation Identification which is      representatives who visit VCU seeking
VCU Resource Guide.                                                     a program to engrave property,        prospective candidates for anticipated
– – –                                        • McGruff the Crime Dog is avail-        openings in their organizations. To
                                                                        able for special functions,           take full advantage of this service,
 18                                                  Part I   •   Graduate Studies at Virginia Commonwealth University

graduating students need to register          student to inspect off-campus accommo-      and provides supervised internship
early for the Campus Interview                dations before leasing. Good quality        opportunities.
Program, as the first visits are sched-       apartments and rooms are limited, and
uled for October and some recruiters          students should make arrangements           Courses in graduate studies
visit the campus only once a year. The        early. Because the listings are updated
center sponsors an annual campus-wide         constantly, requests should be made no      GRAD 601 The Academic Profession
career fair, a part-time employment and       more than four to six weeks prior to        Short course; 1 credit. This short course is designed to
summer jobs fair, and an Education Job        beginning a search for housing. Address     introduce graduate students to the roles and responsibili-
Fair.                                         requests to Off-Campus Housing,             ties of faculty members in institutions of higher education.
  All graduate students are urged to          University Student Commons, 907             Through readings, discussion, and conversations with facul-
use the resources of the University           Floyd Ave., Richmond, VA 23284-2032,        ty members from a variety of settings, students will learn
Career Center located at the University       (804) 828-6492. For more information        about the changing social expectations for higher educa-
Student Commons, First Floor, (804)           regarding Housing Services, refer to the    tion, the diverse settings in which faculty work, and strate-
828-1645. For additional information          VCU Resource Guide.                         gies for developing and presenting marketable academic
and resources, you can locate the             – – –               skills.
University Career Center’s Web page.
– – –            Parking and transportation                  GRAD 602 Seminar in College Teaching
                                                                                          Short course; 1 credit. This short course will focus specifically
                                                 Limited on-campus parking is avail-
Dining Services                                                                           on the act of teaching. Graduate education in this country has
                                              able to students on a first-come, first-
                                                                                          only recently begun to address college teaching issues. While
   Meal plans, dining halls and food          served basis. For information, students
                                                                                          mastery of the discipline and of the research skills necessary
courts are available to students              should contact the University Parking
                                                                                          to contribute to that discipline have long been a staple of
through Food Services. For a complete         Offices: Academic Campus, (804) 828-
                                                                                          graduate training, mastery of the knowledge and skills neces-
listing of services and their rates, refer    8726; MCV Campus, (804) 828-0501.
                                                                                          sary for teaching the discipline are often neglected.
to the VCU Resource Guide.                       In addition, limited street parking is
– – –                 available to the VCU community
                                                                                          GRAD 603 Externship in College Teaching
                                              through metered or time-limit restric-
                                                                                          1-3 credits. Provides graduate students interested in aca-
Housing                                       tions. Because of this limited parking
                                                                                          demic careers with supervised experience in an academic
                                              available to students, VCU, in coopera-
   Requests for on-campus housing                                                         environment different from that of a research university.
                                              tion with the Greater Richmond
information should be addressed to                                                        Places students with individual faculty mentors in area col-
                                              Transit Company, offers students free
University Housing, Virginia                                                              leges and universities; learning experiences are determined
                                              shuttle and bus transportation with the
Commonwealth University, Gladding                                                         by mutual agreement between student and mentor.
                                              presentation of a VCUCARD.
Residence Center, 711 W. Main St.,
                                                 For more information concerning the
Room 103, Richmond, VA 23284-2517,                                                        Printing Services
                                              parking and transportation services for
(804) 828-7666. Graduate housing is
                                              the VCU community, refer to the VCU           VCU provides printing services to
available primarily on the MCV
                                              Resource Guide.                             students, faculty, and staff. These serv-
Campus, although a few spaces are des-
                                              – – –                  ices include, but are not limited to, pho-
ignated for graduate students in
                                                                                          tocopying, color printing, document
Academic Campus residence halls.
                                              Preparing future faculty initiatives        preparation and assistance, offset print-
   In general, most graduate students
                                                                                          ing and finishing services. Refer to the
live off campus because of VCU’s limit-          The School of Graduate Studies, in
                                                                                          VCU Resource Guide for service
ed amount of available on-campus stu-         conjunction with the Office of the Vice
                                                                                          descriptions and locations.
dent housing. Off-Campus Housing              President for Research and Graduate
                                                                                          – – –
offers assistance in the location of non-     Studies and the graduate faculty at the
university controlled residences that         university, offers ongoing opportunities
rent to students on a nondiscriminatory       for academic and professional develop-      Recreational facilities
basis; however, the university does not       ment. Students should check the School         The Cary Street Recreation Complex
control or monitor privately operated         of Graduate Studies Web site for            includes a gymnasium which features
off-campus housing facilities. This serv-     upcoming events.                            basketball, volleyball, badminton, fit-
ice provides free listings of available       – – –                   ness equipment, free weight and
housing for VCU students, faculty and            In cooperation with the School of        machine weight room, racquetball
staff via computer-generated lists of         Education, the School of Graduate           courts, a multipurpose field and jogging
rental apartments, rooms and houses;          Studies also sponsors a series of short     track, and outdoor basketball courts.
roommate requests; and houses for             courses for graduate students interest-     Numerous recreational activities are
sale. Most listings are in the residential    ed in pursuing careers as college and       offered, including instructional sessions
Fan District near the Academic                university faculty. This series of cours-   in aerobics, weight training, open recre-
Campus. Off-Campus Housing also pro-          es introduces graduate students to the      ation and tournaments.
vides a selection of brochures on topics      roles and responsibilities of faculty          The MCV Campus Recreation and
ranging from tenants’ rights to               members in institutions of higher edu-      Aquatic Center houses two basketball
Richmond apartment guides as well as          cation; addresses teaching and learn-       courts, two volleyball courts, one indoor
information concerning telephone and          ing issues in the college classroom;        tennis court, one outdoor tennis court,
utilities services. It is advisable for the                                               four handball/racquetball courts, two
 VCU Graduate Bulletin        •   1999-2000                                                                                   19

squash courts, a fitness center, a multi-    faculty. Prospective graduate students         The Student Lab in Cabell Room B-8,
purpose room and a 25 meter swim-            can anticipate working in a lively intel-   the telephone Help Line, the Customer
ming pool with a spa.                        lectual environment. Many faculty who       Service Window in Cabell Room B-9,
   The new $27 million Stuart C. Siegel      are directly involved in graduate educa-    and UCS-AC’s Reception Desk in
Center includes more than 34,000             tion programs are recognized nationally     Cabell Room B-30 comprise the hub of
square feet for the recreation component     and internationally in their fields of      our direct end-user support services.
and when the main arena is used for          endeavor.                                   The Student Lab currently contains 46
recreation, another 45,400 square feet                                                   Macintosh and PC microcomputers con-
will be available. This center also          University Computing Services               nected to the campus network, 27 ter-
includes an aerobic/multipurpose studio,                                                 minals connected to the Academic
                                                Computing support is provided by
weight/cardiovascular fitness center, a                                                  Campus data network, and three laser
                                             three primary centers: University
multipurpose gym for indoor soccer and                                                   printers, as well as equipment for the
                                             Computing Services-Academic Campus,
floor hockey, and a Wellness Resource                                                    physically challenged. The Help Line
                                             University Computing Services-MCV
Center. The main offices for Recreational                                                receives an average of 850 calls per
                                             Campus, and University Computing
Sports are located to this facility.                                                     month. Customer Service Window staff
                                             Services-University Computer Center.
   Camping and other wilderness recre-                                                   assist users with optical scanning serv-
                                             Basic services from these centers
ation equipment can be rented at the                                                     ices (e.g., test grading); computer sys-
                                             include counseling help in the use of all
Outing Rental Center. In addition, stu-                                                  tems backups; computer account man-
                                             university computing resources (from
dents can participate in a variety of out-                                               agement for all VCU systems; licensed
                                             personal computers to mainframes),
door adventures through the outdoor                                                      software distribution; and IBM main-
                                             Help Desk assistance via telephone or
adventure program located at the Outing                                                  frame telephone Help Line support.
                                             e-mail, teaching short courses, advice
Rental Center. Call (804) 828-6219 for                                                      Network support services include the
                                             on acquisition of computer systems,
details.                                                                                 installation and configuration of net-
                                             operation of local computer facilities
   Students from both campuses may                                                       work cards, network software, and/or
                                             and data networks. In addition,
use the university swimming pools                                                        network application software, as well
                                             University Computing Services-
located in the Franklin Street                                                           as training and support for the above.
                                             Academic Campus and University
Gymnasium on the Academic Campus                                                            UNIX support services include sup-
                                             Computing Services-MCV Campus pro-
and the MCV Campus Recreation and                                                        port for AIX, IRIX, HP-VX, Solaris,
                                             vide optical scanning for test grading,
Aquatic Center on the MCV Campus.                                                        SUNOS, computer systems and applica-
                                             faculty evaluation and other surveys,
University identification is required.                                                   tions, such as maintaining the user
                                             and microcomputer software site licens-
Graduate students also are eligible to                                                   databases and mailing lists, maintain-
                                             ing for their respective campuses. A
participate in numerous intramural                                                       ing the VCU connection to the World
                                             university-wide information service is
and club sports activities on either                                                     Wide Web, providing electronic mail,
                                             available electronically using the World
campus. For specific information, stu-                                                   and USENET resources, available from
                                             Wide Web, which also provides access to
dents should contact the Recreational                                                    an easy-to-use menu system. The
                                             information from academic, government
Sports staff on the Academic Campus:                                                     department also provides a WWW serv-
                                             and private sources world wide.
(804) 828-6219, or on the MCV                                                            er with FrontPage Extensions on the
                                                University Computing Services-
Campus: (804) 828-6100.                                                                  main VCU Web server for departmental
                                             Academic Campus. University
                                                                                         Web pages and on the faculty/staff AIX
                                             Computing Services-Academic Campus
Research                                                                                 system for individual pages.
                                             (UCS-AC) operates UNIX multi-user
                                                                                            Finally, the department provides a
   While VCU is one of the leaders in        computer systems, UNIX servers for
                                                                                         broad range of consulting services,
teaching among institutions of higher        client-server applications, numerous
                                                                                         including configuration, installation, and
education in the state, it is also an        SUN and SGI workstations, an Origin
                                                                                         troubleshooting support for
institution which commits a signifi-         2000 ANB SGI Challenge XL
                                                                                         Windows/DOS, Macintosh OS, microcom-
cant portion of its resources to             Supercomputer, and four public access
                                                                                         puter hardware and software, UNIX,
research and scholarly activities. VCU       terminal facilities which are strategi-
                                                                                         IBM MVS, Softswitch, computer pro-
is fully committed to the proposition        cally located around the campus: the
                                                                                         curement, optical scanning. Lotus
that a broad-based program of                James Branch Cabell Library, the
                                                                                         Smartsuite and Lotus Notes are two of
research investigations enhances the         School of Business Building, the Hibbs
                                                                                         the newer products supported by the
teaching mission of the university,          Building, and the General Purpose
                                                                                         department. UCS-AC is also actively
while, at the same time, it improves         Academic Building. UCS-AC also sup-
                                                                                         involved in the design, development and
the quality of services provided to the      ports the Faculty Center for
                                                                                         upkeep of VCU’s World Wide Web sites.
community. During the fiscal year end-       Instructional Technology (FCIT), locat-
                                                                                            A variety of software packages are
ing on June 30, 1997, the university         ed in Cabell Room B-43, and a training
                                                                                         available on the UNIX multi-user com-
received more than $96.1 million in          facility located in Cabell Room 320.
                                                                                         puters. The more popular packages
sponsored program support from a                UCS-AC provides a range of servic-
                                                                                         include the following TCP/IP
variety of federal agencies, industries,     es, including direct end-user support,
                                                                                         (Telnet/FTP), Lynx (a Web browser),
and private organizations. The exten-        network support services, UNIX sup-
                                                                                         Zmodem (communications); USENET
sive and diverse nature of VCU’s             port services, training, and consulting
                                                                                         (electronic conferencing, newsgroups);
research programs is directly related        services.
                                                                                         WordPerfect (text processing); SAS,
to the excellence of the university’s
                                                                                         SPSS, SPLUS (statistical data analysis);
 20                                                Part I   •   Graduate Studies at Virginia Commonwealth University

SAS/CALC (spreadsheets) and UNIFY           maintain their own microcomputer labs        package of information about VCU. It is
(databases). The programming lan-           and graphic stations (SGI and SUN).          accessible to everyone, including uni-
guages include FORTRAN, C, C++,                A fiber-optic backbone supporting         versity visitors. The INFO package is
FORTRAN 77, FORTRAN 90, Lisp, and           FDDI and Ethernet protocols connects         menu driven, available 24 hours a day,
Pascal. Also, the time sharing systems      25 buildings on campus. This backbone        and requires no computer ID.
are widely used for electronic mail and     interconnects Ethernet and Token Ring          Communications. The fiber-optic
access to the Internet which provides       networks supporting Novell, TCP/IP           backbones on the Academic and MCV
entry to information and library            and DECnet protocols.                        Campuses, and the UCC are linked
resources throughout the world. A              Application forms for access to the       using the TCP/IP suite of protocols to
menu interface is maintained on these       VAX and UNIX systems, as well as for         form the VCUnet. VCUnet provides
machines for easy use.                      accounts on the IBM mainframes (at           access to BITNET, VERnet, (the
   The SGI supercomputer is reserved        the University Computer Center) and          Virginia Education and Research
for numerically intensive research.         the DECsystems (at University                Network) and the Internet.
Software currently available includes       Computing Services - Academic
C, C++, FORTRAN, GAMESS, Gaussian           Campus) are available from UCS-MCV.          University Counseling Services
94, Sybyl and MATLAB.                          University Computer Center. The
                                                                                            University Counseling Services
   Application for access to the UNIX       University Computer Center (UCC)
                                                                                         (UCS) provides a wide range of services
multi-user systems as well as for           operates as a centralized computer
                                                                                         that meet the psychological, social,
accounts on the IBM Mainframe and           services utility that provides main-
                                                                                         vocational, and educational needs of
VAX systems operated by other offices       frame computer resources to all stu-
                                                                                         students. The mission of UCS is to pro-
of the Office for Information Technology    dents, faculty, and staff (both academic
                                                                                         vide assistance to the VCU community
may be made at the UCS-AC Customer          and administrative) within the univer-
                                                                                         in such a way that students can meet
Service Window, Cabell Room B-9 or on-      sity. Located between the Academic
                                                                                         their academic goals while also having
line via Web kiosk pages. For AIX           and MCV campuses in the Richmond
                                                                                         the opportunity to develop personally,
accounts, apply via the Web.                Plaza Building, 110 S. 7th St., the UCC
                                                                                         emotionally, and socially. Our intent is
– – –           provides many services to administra-
                                                                                         to enable students to live productive,
   University Computing Services -          tive staff, including personal computer
                                                                                         responsible, and satisfying lives.
MCV Campus. University Computing            support.
                                                                                            To fulfill this mission, UCS provides
Services - MCV Campus (UCS-MCV)                The UCC provides computer utility
                                                                                         services to promote student self-under-
manages a VAXcluster (VMS) consist-         services on IBM MVS/XA and VM main-
                                                                                         standing and positive growth, as well as
ing of multiple VAXs and UNIX               frame computers for administrative and
                                                                                         to assist students who are experiencing
servers, including IBM RS/6000 and          academic functions of the university. The
                                                                                         stress or crisis in their daily living. Staff
SGI devices, that provide interactive       UCC also has two RISC computers run-
                                                                                         is committed to rendering quality care
computing to public and private work-       ning the UNIX operating system to sup-
                                                                                         in a multicultural context. Education
stations around the campus. The VAXs        port the University Library interconnec-
                                                                                         and prevention services such as the
provide a rich variety of software pack-    tions. The MVS/XA runs on a 3090 CPU,
                                                                                         Academic Success Program, workshops
ages for statistical analysis (SAS,         and the VM runs on a 4381 dual proces-
                                                                                         offered to resident halls and student
SPSSX, GLIM), molecular modeling            sor. Services provided include large data-
                                                                                         organizations, as well as consultation to
(CHEMX, FRODO, SYBYL), DNA                  storage capacity (200 gigabytes), main-
                                                                                         faculty and university departments are
sequence analysis (GCG), simulation         frame processing power, extensive net-
                                                                                         central to the services offered at UCS.
(SPICE), numerical methods (IMSL,           working facilities (Telnet, Internet, BIT-
                                                                                         Expertly lead group counseling, individ-
NAG, LINPACK) and graphics                  NET, Profs, VCU e-mail), batch process-
                                                                                         ual counseling as well as couples coun-
(SAS/GRAPH, GKS). Computer lan-             ing and online systems. These online
                                                                                         seling is offered by the UCS staff.
guages include FORTRAN, SAS, Pascal,        systems include TSO (a versatile pro-
                                                                                            To better understand the needs of
BASIC, C and COBOL. Other areas             gramming tool) and CICS (providing
                                                                                         students, UCS is committed to research
include database (INGRES,                   access to hundreds of application pro-
                                                                                         that will provide evaluative data
Datatrieve), forms management (FMS),        grams used extensively throughout the
                                                                                         regarding its service delivery and infor-
data entry (EasyEntry), word process-       university). A partial list of program-
                                                                                         mation about student needs. UCS is
ing (WordPerfect) and text processing       ming languages and products available
                                                                                         committed to training graduate stu-
(TeX). In addition, the VAXs are used       at the UCC includes FORTRAN,
                                                                                         dents in psychology, social work, reha-
extensively for electronic mail (connect-   COBOL, SAS, PL/1, C, Pascal,
                                                                                         bilitation and medicine to function as
ed to BITNET and the Internet) and          Assembler, Mantis, DYL280, SPSS, SQL,
                                                                                         competent professionals in their chosen
information dissemination for the aca-      QMF, IMAGINE and Prolog. The VCU
demic community.                            Library System, NOTIS, is one of the
                                                                                            University Counseling Services is
   A microcomputer lab with IBM-com-        many application systems currently run-
                                                                                         located on the second floor of the
patible and Apple Macintosh systems is      ning on the MVS/XA mainframe. Access
                                                                                         Student Commons, room 226 on the
available. External devices such as         to UCC facilities is available at more
                                                                                         Academic Campus as well as on the
optical scanners, slide-makers, plotters,   than 1,500 terminals located throughout
                                                                                         third floor of Hunton Hall on the MCV
and digitizers are connected to these       the university. Dial-up and Telnet facili-
                                                                                         Campus. The Academic Campus office
microcomputers. IBM/AIX and SGI             ties are also available.
                                                                                         is open Monday - Thursday from 8 a.m.
graphics workstations are also avail-          The UCC maintains a public access
                                                                                         until 6 p.m. and Friday from 8 a.m.
able. Many departments and schools          INFO system. This is an electronic
 VCU Graduate Bulletin        •   1999-2000                                                                                        21

until 4:30 p.m. The MCV Campus office        ULS’s electronic resources. Increasingly,    provide access to all floors. Specialized
is open Monday - Friday from 8 a.m.          many of the databases are available          equipment includes a personal comput-
until 4:30 p.m. For information, call        through the Web. The catalog links both      er with a braille printer, software for
(804) 828-6200 (Academic Campus) or          libraries and enables patrons to deter-      screen magnification and scanning, and
(804) 828-3964 (MCV Campus).                 mine the status of library materials.        synthesized voice for screen reading. A
                                             Except for the basement of Cabell            Voyager/Visualtek Reader and large-
University Library Services                  Library, computer workstations are locat-    print microfiche reader also are avail-
                                             ed on all floors of both libraries.          able. Staff at the document delivery
   University Library Services (ULS) is
                                                Through interlibrary loan, students       service will waive the fee and provide
a vibrant community where ideas are
                                             may borrow books and obtain photo-           assistance with retrieving and photo-
generated, engaged, and shared. It is a
                                             copies of articles not owned by ULS          copying materials from the collection
dynamic center of culture and knowl-
                                             from the collections of academic and         within 48 hours of the request for the
edge, serving as a conduit for recorded
                                             public libraries throughout the country.     physically challenged patron.
information in all its forms.
                                             VCU students also may borrow specific          Most of ULS’s reprographics and
   ULS administers the major research
                                             books from other Richmond academic           printing equipment is VCUCARD-com-
libraries on both campuses and pro-
                                             libraries by inquiring at the Cabell         patible. The VCUCARD also can be
vides numerous electronic resources,
                                             Library Reference Desk and Tompkins-         used for checking out library materials.
federal and state documents, patents,
                                             McCaw Library Service Desk for a spe-          ULS is a member of the Center for
and a wide variety of microform and
                                             cial borrower’s pass.                        Research Libraries, the Richmond
media resources. The combined collec-
                                                ULS document delivery, a free-based       Area Library Consortium, the
tions in James Cabell Library on the
                                             service to retrieve, photocopy, and deliv-   Association of Southeastern Research
Academic Campus and Tompkins-
                                             er articles owned by ULS, is available       Libraries, the Richmond Area
McCaw Library on the MCV Campus
                                             to VCU students, faculty, and staff.         Film/Video Cooperative, the
total more than 1.23 million volumes.
                                                Media resources, located in Room 301      Southeastern/Atlantic Regional
Cabell Library’s growing collections
                                             of Cabell Library and on the second          Medical Library Services and the
support the programs of the Academic
                                             floor of Tompkins-McCaw Library, con-        Virtual Library of Virginia (VIVA) ini-
Campus. The library houses more than
                                             sist of nonprint resources, including        tiative. Visit the Web site for more
940,000 volumes and 6,900 journal
                                             cassette tapes, compact discs, computer      information.
titles. The comprehensive collections of
                                             software, models, slides, and video and      – – –
Tompkins-McCaw Library is a desig-
                                             laser discs. Media Resource Services at        ULS strives for excellence in all of
nated resource library for the
                                             Cabell Library also houses music scores.     these endeavors, keeping uppermost in
Southeastern states in the National
                                             Additionally, films and videos from the      mind at all times the importance of the
Network of Libraries of Medicine.
                                             Richmond Area Library Consortium             highest quality service to the students,
   A selective depository for U.S. govern-
                                             Film/Video Library Cooperative are           faculty, and staff of the university.
ment documents and a state depository
                                             available to VCU faculty.                      For more information about ULS,
for the commonwealth of Virginia,
                                                There are many services for persons       please visit the Web site.
Cabell Library is also the only United
                                             with disabilities. Cabell Library has        – – –
States Patent and Trademark
                                             wheelchair ramp to enter the building
Depository Library in Virginia. The
                                             on the first floor through automatic         University Mail Services
combined Government Documents col-
                                             doors. Accessible restrooms are in the
lections include items available in                                                          The United States Postal Service
                                             basement and second floor levels, and
print, microform and electronic formats.                                                  (USPS) provides self-service postal
                                             elevators provide access to all floors.
   ULS is extensively automated, with                                                     vending machines in the lobby of the
                                             Special audio and visual equipment is
almost 900 databases available for                                                        Mail Services office at 1000 E. Marshall
                                             available to aid in using library materi-
searching and more than 100 public                                                        St. on the MCV Campus and in the
                                             als, including the Kurzweil “Reading
access workstations. A large collection                                                   University Student Commons on the
                                             Edge,” a synthesized-voice reading
of microform and audiovisual materials                                                    Academic Campus. Students may mail
                                             machine; the Voyager/Visualtek Reader
round out the libraries’ collections.                                                     packages through the USPS from the
                                             for enlarging printed text; a large- print
   Both libraries provide an assortment                                                   Student Commons Postal Center. A full-
                                             microfiche reader; and a personal com-
of services, including reference assis-                                                   service USPS Station at Eighth and
                                             puter with screen magnification and
tance form professional librarians,                                                       Marshall streets supports MCV
                                             synthesized voice screen reader. Staff at
library orientation tours and biblio-                                                     Campus students. All students living in
                                             the Reference Desk can provide special
graphic instruction, computer-assisted                                                    residential housing have dormitory
                                             research assistance and orientations by
literature searches, brown bag lunches                                                    mail boxes. Use of a nine-digit zip code
                                             appointment. ULS will waive the fee for
and seminars on Internet navigational                                                     is important and should be included on
                                             document delivery service and provide
tools and resources, self-service photo-                                                  all mail. Mail for dormitory residents
                                             assistance with retrieving and photo-
copiers and microform reader-printers.                                                    should be addressed as follows:
                                             copying materials from the collection
   The online catalog serves as the gate-
                                             within 48 hours of the request.
way to both print, nonprint, and electron-                                                  Student’s Name
                                                Tompkins-McCaw Library has a
ic resources. Electronic databases, and a                                                   Room Number and Dormitory Name
                                             wheelchair ramp with a monitored
broad array of CD-ROMs covering all                                                         Street Address
                                             entrance. Accessible restrooms are
disciplines, constitute the backbone of                                                     Richmond, VA and nine-digit Zip Code
                                             available on the first floor. Elevators
 22                                                     Part I   •   Graduate Studies at Virginia Commonwealth University

University student centers and                   recreational, educational, political, and    including educational literature, video
activities                                       religious interests of the student body.     cassettes, weight reduction classes, and
   University Student Commons                    Various types of organizations include       health-related programs on topics of
and Student Activities. The                      fraternities and sororities, departmental    interest to students.
University Student Commons is the                professional and interest groups, service-      Accidental injury and hospitalization
gathering place for students, faculty and        oriented groups, and numerous special        are not covered by USHS, and students
staff on the Academic Campus. Located            interest organizations representing a        are urged to take advantage of the univer-
at 907 Floyd Ave., the University                wide variety of activities and interests.    sity-sponsored health plan. Information
Student Commons provides an array of                A list of registered student organiza-    on this insurance program, which pro-
programs, facilities and services to meet        tions, policies affecting these groups,      vides benefits to students at group rates,
the needs of daily life on campus. All the       and information and materials neces-         may be requested from USHS.
facilities and services in the student           sary to form new organizations are              Virginia law requires that full-time
commons are conveniently accessible to           available in the Student Activities          students submit immunization records
persons with mobility impairments.               Center, Virginia Commonwealth                prior to enrollment for the first time at
   The lower level of the University             University, 907 Floyd Ave., Room 018,        VCU. The immunization record is
Student Commons houses the Student               P.O. Box 842035, Richmond, VA 23284-         mailed to students upon acceptance
Activities Center, Break Point games             2035, (804) 828-3648.                        and should be returned to the Academic
room and the Common Ground, a place                 Student identification cards.             Campus Student Health Services.
to eat, visit with friends and access com-       Students should carry their graduate            The USHS office on the Academic
puters for a quick Web search or e-mail          VCUCARD with them at all times and           Campus is located in Suite 159,
check. The first floor of the student com-       should be ready to show them to any          Gladding Residence Center, 711 W.
mons houses online@vcu, the University           authorized university official who           Main St. The USHS office on the MCV
Career Center, as well as McDonald’s             might request their identification.          Campus is located on the third floor of
and Ukrop’s Fresh Express, and a satel-          Students may obtain or validate their        the VMI Building at 1000 E. Marshall
lite office for the VCUCARD Office.              VCUCARD cards during registration.           St., Room 305. For information, call
Ballrooms and other meeting rooms, as            The cards are required for numerous          (804) 828-8828 (Academic Campus), or
well as offices for the University Student       university functions, including borrow-      (804) 828-9220 (MCV Campus).
Commons, New Student Programs and                ing books from the library and use of
Health Promotions are located on the             the university shuttle system. Any stu-      Virginia Center on Aging
second floor of the building.                    dent who loses a VCUCARD should
                                                                                                 The Virginia Center on Aging, estab-
   In addition, the student commons              contact the VCUCARD Office for a
                                                                                              lished at VCU by the Virginia General
houses Commuter Student Services,                replacement. There will be a charge for
                                                                                              Assembly in 1978, is a statewide
the Off-Campus Housing Office, a the-            replacement. See the Web site at for
                                                                                              resource for aging-related research,
ater area that is used regularly for             additional information.
                                                                                              education, service, training, and techni-
showing films on Friday and Saturday             – – –
                                                                                              cal assistance. It serves as a focal point
evenings, as well as two Wachovia                                                             for the collection, assessment, and
ATM machines.                                    University Student Health                    maintenance of data on elders in the
   Larrick Student Center. A variety             Services and health insurance                commonwealth; designs and tests inno-
of activities and social opportunities are         The University Student Health              vative demonstration projects in educa-
offered to students on the MCV Campus            Services (USHS) offers quality primary       tion and service delivery; and assists
at the Jonah L. Larrick Student Center.          health care for the treatment of acute       public and private organizations in
The lower level of the circular building         and chronic illness. In addition to diag-    meeting the needs of older citizens.
houses a cafeteria which provides food on        nosis and treatment, the service                The Virginia Center on Aging and the
a contractual basis for students living in       emphasizes prevention of illness             Department of Gerontology maintain
the dormitories and for off-campus stu-          through screening, counseling, and           the Information Resources Center, a
dents who elect to be on the meal plan.          health education. Full-time students         broad collection of print and audiovisu-
Upstairs, a large central lounge which can       are required to participate and pay the      al materials on aging that is available
accommodate up to 350 people for dances,         student health fee. Part-time students       on loan or to rent. Short reports, train-
social mixers, lectures, and other func-         electing to participate in the service       ing manuals, and vertical files may be
tions is surrounded by smaller meeting           must pay the full student health fee.        obtained at cost. The Virginia Center on
rooms which include offices of the student         The service is staffed by physicians,      Aging also administers the Alzheimer’s
center director and the MCV Student              physician assistants, nurse practition-      and Related Diseases Research Award
Government Association. Additional               ers, registered nurses, pharmacists and      Fund which provides seed grants of
upstairs space houses a computer room,           health educators. Services offered by        $16,500 each to researchers in Virginia
billiard tables, table tennis, television, and   USHS include general medical, allergy,       in order to investigate biomedical, psy-
an area for listening to music. Reserva-         and gynecology clinics, pharmacy and         chosocial, clinical, public policy, and
tions for use of the activities areas should     laboratory services, after-hours emer-       other aspects of dementing illnesses.
be made with the director of the Larrick         gency care, and health education and
Student Center, (804) 828-3438.                  public health programs.
   Organizations. More than 170 stu-               All educational activities sponsored
dent clubs and organizations exist on            by USHS are available to students,
campus, reflecting the social, cultural,

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