Docstoc

INTELLIGENT ROBOTICS AND REMOTE SYSTEMS FOR THE NUCLEAR INDUSTRY

Document Sample
INTELLIGENT ROBOTICS AND REMOTE SYSTEMS FOR THE NUCLEAR INDUSTRY Powered By Docstoc
					INTELLIGENT
ROBOTICS AND
REMOTE SYSTEMS FOR
THE NUCLEAR
INDUSTRY

Guided by Prof. D.A Lokare

      Shubhangi Kulkarni-61
 WHAT IS A ROBOT?


• Robots are physical
  agents that perform tasks
  by manipulating the
  physical world.

• They are equipped with
  sensors to perceive their
  environment and
  effectors to assert
  physical forces on it.
   NEED OF ROBOTICS IN NUCLEAR
            INDUSTRY

1. Radiation hazards

2. Increased productivity

3. Post-accident surveillance and recovery
   operations

4. Ability to respond to unexpected or emergency
events. E.g. Chernobyl disaster, Ukraine
    ROBOTS FOR NUCLEAR PLANTS

1. Robotic equipment in nuclear applications into two
   broad categories:
         a) Single-purpose devices- with limited ability
to perform different operations, and
         b) Reprogrammable, multipurpose robots
with some degree of computer-based artificial
intelligence.

2. Used in tasks as pipe cutting, welding, steam
generator tube inspection and repair, and ultrasonic
scanning of pipe sections for crack detection.
    ROBOTS FOR NUCLEAR PLANTS


3. An arm mounted on a transporter with cameras
and lights made its debut in the 1950s at the
government's Hanford nuclear facility in Washington
State.


4. This remotely controlled transporter vehicle was
dubbed Louie. It has proved to be a versatile and long-
lived workhorse and is still in use today.
AI IN THE MOVIES

1. 2001: A Space Odyssey

2. Bicentennial Man

3. China Syndrome

4. The Matrix

4. Short Circuit

4. The Terminator
ROBOTS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

 1. Computers can already solve problems in
    limited realms.
 2. The AI robot or computer gathers facts about a
    situation through sensors or human input. The
    computer compares this information to stored
    data and decides what the information
    signifies.
 3. The computer runs through various possible
    actions and predicts which action will be most
    successful based on the collected information.
 4. Complex algorithms
ROBOTS USING ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE




ASIMO uses sensors and intelligent
algorithms to avoid obstacles and
navigate stairs.

                                       Kismet a robot with rudimentary social
                                       skills



                                 TOPIO, a robot that can play table tennis,
                                 developed by TOSY.
ROBOTS USING ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

 In May 1997, IBM's Deep Blue Supercomputer played a
 fascinating match with the reigning World Chess Champion,
 Garry Kasparov and won 3 ½ to 2 ½
NAVIGATION AND PATH PLANNING

1. Movement of an arm-with reasoning and awareness.

2. The task requires both local knowledge obtained from
   sensors and global knowledge from a model of the
   environment.

3. Solution- The use of AI techniques
   ROBOTIC EVOLUTION
• Rover by Nuclear Corp., the
  operating utility at has been
  assigned the task of
  entering-
• the dark and damp
  basement and inspect the
  scene with
• It has three television
  cameras, for surveying the
  area
ROBOTIC EVOLUTION
ROBOTIC EVOLUTION
BREAKING NEW GROUNDS

1. Are robots truly cost beneficial?

2. I don't think we'll see widespread use of
sophisticated robots soon.

3.Directed R&D efforts and the immediate needs in
nuclear power plants for reduced maintenance.
Conclusion
1. The nuclear industry has historically been the
motivating force in the development of robotics for
hazardous environments.

2. The demand for more autonomous
and capable mobile robots has spurred large-scale

3. Although the problems dealing with the complexities
of the real world are substantial, the magnitude of the
benefits dictate that this technology will continue to be
developed and applied.

.
References
1.Evaluation of Robotic Inspection Systems at Nuclear
Power Plants, prepared for US Nuclear Regulatory
Commission by Remote Technology Corp., NUREG/CR-
3717 (March 2009).

2.Automated Nuclear Plant Maintenance, final report
for RP2232-1, prepared by Battelle.

3. Proceedings of the Robotics and Remote Handling in
Hostile Environments, National Topical Meeting,
American Nuclear Society.
Thank You!

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:0
posted:1/7/2013
language:Unknown
pages:17