Imagery Figurative language in Poetry

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					                               Imagery, Figurative Language in Poetry

                                     •The poetry wakens our senses with imagery.
                        •It startles us by replacing literal language with figurative language.
                    •Figurative language and its devices surprise us with unique comparisons.

TLW submit by the completion of this unit, the following:
 Construct a Haiku, Imagery, Personification, simile, metaphor, & descriptive poems.
 Use Venn diagram to compare/contrast 2 poems.
 Answer comprehension questions.
 Defend your answers.
 Use context clues to answer questions.
 Identify figurative language
 Identify grammar.
 Expand your vocabulary.
 Be successful on a quiz with vocabulary, identification of poetry, and authors.

CLE 3001.8.2 Understand the characteristics of various literary genres – poetry.
CFU 3001.8.11 Recognize and identify the characteristics of lyric poetry, blank verse, free verse, epic, sonnet, dramatic poetry, and
CFU 3001.8.12 Identify, analyze, and evaluate the effect and use of metrics (especially iambic pentameter), rhyme scheme (e.g., end,
internal, slant, eye), rhythm, alliteration, and other conventions of verse in more challenging poetry (including poetic forms such as
lyric, blank verse, epic, sonnet, dramatic poetry).
SPI 3001.8.1 Identify and analyze examples of idiom, metaphor, simile, personification, hyperbole, or pun in poetry or prose
SPI 3001.8.5 Determine the significance/meaning of a symbol in poetry or prose.
SPI 3001.8.7 Differentiate between mood and tone in poetry or prose.
SPI 3001.8.11 Demonstrate knowledge of the characteristics of lyric poetry, epics, sonnets, dramatic poetry, and ballads.
              Vocabulary and Authors
Vocabulary -add Speaker & Jargon to         Authors
your notes. Use your notes for the others   Enter information on to the writer’s
if you do not remember them.                    spreadsheet regarding:
•   Haiku                                      Basho-1644-1694- samurai, member of Japan’s
                                                feudal warrior class
•   Imagery
                                               Richard Wright-1908-1960-MS
•   Image                                      Emily Dickinson-1830-1886-likes seclusion and
•   Simile                                      wrote on scraps of paper
•   Personification                            Walter de lar Mare-1873-1956-bookkper during
                                                lunch breaks also wrote under Waler Ramal
•   Metaphor
                                               Elinor Wylie-1885-1928-wrote as a teenager
•   Comparison                                 Langston Hughes-1902-1967-cook, busboy,
•   Parallel                                    seaman, involve in The Harlem Renaissance
•   Time line                                  May Swenson-1919-appearnaces and
                                                illustrations can both deceive and delight
•   Mood
                                               William Shakespeare-1564-1616-wrote 37 plays,
•   Tone                                        married to Anne Hathaway
•   Stanza
•   Symbol/symbolilsm
                         Lay out
• All items labeled              • There will a short quiz over
• All poems will be written on     authors, vocabulary, and
  separate sheets of paper         poems for each unit.
• Pictures can be used and       • Prepare and study each
  typed in preferred               night.
• Must complete ALL              Must keep all work after I
  exercises/questions to
  received an “A” for each         return it to you-poems will
  unit to the BEST of your         be used for a separate
  ability. Remember I know         project to come.
  your ability.
                    Haiku p 198
                                Writing a Haiku
Write answers to:                  3 lines (total 17 syllables)
• What is the setting of this      5 syllables, 7 syllables, 5 syllables
  poem?                          Subject is nature being used as a
• With the trees, how could
                                 Breece ex
  we transfer that to human
                                   With lots of sunshine (5)
• What stays the same?             Brings forth energy and fun (7)
                                   To land and water (5)

                                     You are to write an Haiku
               Examples of Haiku
By Basho                      Basho Haiku
• An old silent pond...       Lightning flash—
A frog jumps into the pond,   what I thought were faces
splash! Silence again         are plumes of pampas grass
• Autumn moonlight—
a worm digs silently          • Why are these, Haiku
into the chestnut.              poems, easy to identify?
                  Hokku Poems p 198

Comprehension                             Image-Imagery
•   How many stanza?                      • Image-a picture made from
•   How many lines in poem?
•   What took the speaker’s name            words
    away?                                 • Imagery-collection of sense
•   What will be found by following
    directions?                             images in a poem-can you
•   Describe the writer’s log.              see, hear, feel, smell, taste,
•   List 3 traits of rain                   touch it through the writer’s
•   What does the crow leave behind?
•   Generalize what is really happening     descriptive words
    in the poem.                          • Imagery chart
•   Can you identify the Haiku in this    •
    poem?                                     terary_elements_devices/imagery_chart.pdf
                  Examples of Imagery
Can you identify the imagery         What is the imagery?
Elegance                             Sunset
A ballet dancer is a swan            The fire in the sky is dying
    Without the beak or feathers        The mountains are tall and dark
    A ballet dancer is the seasons      The spirit of the day is flying
    Without a change in weather         Sunset leaves its mark
    A ballet dancer is a portrait       The colors up on high are lovely
    With a difference to this art       The air is clear and cool
    The picture captures feeling        An ending approaches mildly
    The dancer embraces heart           Day and night begin a duel
    - Mary O. Fumento, 1981             But the light must give way sometime
                                        And who will win, I'll bet
                                        Is dark, mysterious nighttime
                                        As day gives way to sunset
                                        - Mary O. Fumento, 1981
Does anyone remember this book or movie? Was it really about a monster?
  Now we write/draw with imagery
With a sheet of paper
1. Divide the paper into six squares.         You will write a poem using all
2. Each square will be filled with either a       ideas that you drew or
    drawing, a word, or phrase that will
    be an answer to prompts given .               wrote down.
    a. Draw one item from a backpack.         • Breece ex
    B. Draw one item you would find in a
    car.                                      I have a planner to keep me on track
    c. Draw one thing that you would find     My round sterling wheel is black
    in a jungle.
    d. Write a word/phrase that               I like colorful flowers that attract
    describes extreme heat.                   My toes burn as I walk across the
    e. Write a word/phrase that describes          beach
                                              Mozart is soothing and sweet
    f. Write a word/phrase that describes
    yourself.                                 I have hazel eyes and I think that is
             Identify the imagery
• List as the author reads
• Write down what you
• Can you identify the images
     A Narrow Fellow in the Grass                                            p 200

Listen to the poem being
orally read                                Q&A
See the pictures in your head              •   How does the author feel about nature’s
At the end of Q & A                        •   How did the author feel when he meet
                                               the fellow?
tell me the fellow                         •   What is the fellow? What images confirm
                                               your thoughts?
•   What is being compared in stanza 2?    •   Define “zero at the bone”
•   What temperature can the fellow be     •   What is it called when a writer uses
    found?                                     unusual wording? Identify them.
•   What line tells us the gender of the   •   What was the fellow?
•   In 4th stanza what did he call the
                     Silver p 201
Comprehension questions:          Personification-giving human-
1. What walks the night?          like qualities to non living things.
2. List 4 animals named.        How was the moon personify?
                                What was the personality of the moon?
3. How many time is silver
   repeated?                    Write a 3-5 line poem using personification.
4. What are the silver items?
5. How is the poem like a
6. What type of rhyme
   scheme used-approximate,
   end, or internal?
       Velvet Shoes-Elinor Wylie                                p 202

• List 2 details regarding the   • Simile-compares 2 unlike
  walk                             things using like/as.
• The shoes are made of what     • Ex of simile poem:
  materials?                                        SENSES
                                        Sadness is as happy as laughter.
• Where will they walk?                 You might cry because it hurts.
                                       You might laugh because it hurts.
• What is the snow being                      But I know one thing,
                                  laughter is laughter and sadness is sadness.
  compared to?                        They can show the same things like
• What are the similes?                       hurting and gladness.
                                                  Id the simile.
                                    Assignment: You write an simile poem.
             Dreams-Langston Hughes                                                 p 203
Using imagery with this poem-watch video   Voc + writing
• What should we do with our               Metaphor-comparing 2 unlike things by finding
                                           similarities in objects that we would not consider
  dreams?                                  alike.
                                           Parallel-Sentences balance either through repetition,
• If we lose our dream we are              verb usage, or time.
                                           Ex metaphor poem:
  being compare to what 2                  Painting

  things?                                  Painting is an untamed bird.
                                           You're free to show how you feel
• What is the writer’s mood                without consequence.
                                           There's nothing holding you back.
  regarding lost dreams?                   Your emotions fly wildly.
• How is stanza 1 & 2                      •    What is the metaphor?
  parallel?                                •    You are to write a metaphor poem.
      Water Picture-May Swenson                                                               p 204

Q&A                                          Writing
1.   Define setting.                         •      Write a poem describe an object, scene, or event that is
                                                    recognizable but distorted.
2.   List 6 objects mentioned in the poem    •      Pick one: seeing through a red glass window, hearing
     regarding the picture.                         with earmuffs on, touching with thick mittens, or tasting
3.   Describe the swan in the 4th stanza.           with your nose pinched shut
                                             •      Example:
     What picture is that?
                                             I’m looking through a stain glass window
4.   What causes the scene to be troubled?   I see long, tall, lanky fellows
5.   Define “all things are double.”         They appear to all be dress up in red
                                             Good heavens! Even their ears.
6.   List distorted images? These are
                                             I squint as looking through
     examples of what literary term?         But all I could see was the glue
7.   What imagery used?                      It was no longer white and puff
                                             But instead red and running like guts
                                             Even still as I look through this red glass window
                                             I notice that red mix with brown reminds me of jello
       The Seven Ages of Man-W. Shakespeare                                                   p 206

1.     The world & men are being                             Venn Diagram
       compared to a __? This is an                          •   Choose 2 poems in this unit.
       example of __?                                        •   Imagine the scenes/events from these
2.     List the 7 stages of men in a time                        poems-see the pictures.
       line format..                                         •   Compare and contrast the 2 pictures
      a) List image for eat stage                            •   Breece example next slide.
      b) What metaphor/simile is used
3.     What are the men(sans) without?
4.     What is exits & entrance mean in
       real life?
5.     What mood is reference in the
       poem? Tone?
6.     Would you like for your life to
       written in just 28 lines?
                                        • Same
                                         Colors are vivid
                                         Feelings are expressed
                                         I can touch the painting & window
Painting is an untamed bird.             I can see the people in Stain glass window &
You're free to show how you feel
                                          visualize an untamed bird
without consequence.
There's nothing holding you back.       • Different
Your emotions fly wildly.
                                         Subjects/setting-painting, classroom
I’m looking through a stain glass        I can hear the students
window                                   I can smell the painting
I see long, tall, lanky fellows
They appear to all be dress up in red
Good heavens! Even their ears.
I squint as looking through
But all I could see was the glue
It was no longer white and puff
But instead red and running like guts
Even still as I look through this red
glass window
I notice that red mix with brown
reminds me of jello
                                    Symbolism is when the author uses an object or
                                    reference to add deeper meaning to a story.
                                    Symbolism can be subtle or obvious. An author may
                                    repeatedly use the same object to convey deeper
Review your poems                   meaning or may use variations of the same object to
                                    create an main mood or feeling.
• Haiku                             Ex:
                                    •   Symbols referring to salvation: Crosses, angels, haloes,
• Hokku                                 clouds, churches
• A Narrow Fellow in the Grass          Symbols referring to reinvention: crosses, rainbows,
                                        passing storms, dawn, sunrise, broken chains
• Silver                            •   Symbols referring to death or endings: Gravestones,
                                        cemeteries, Grim Reaper, Day of the Dead, skulls, candle
• Velvet Shoes                          blowing out, coffin
                                    •   American cultural symbols: Red, white and blue colors;
• Dreams                                Bald Eagle; coin with "In God We Trust"
                                    •   Indian cultural symbols: yogi, banyan tree, image of
• Water Picture                         Indian god or goddess
                                    •   Chinese cultural symbols: Bamboo tree, bonsai tree,
• The Seven Ages of Man                 yin/yang symbol

Classify the symbol/symbolism for   How Do Writers Use Symbolism?
                                    Writers insert symbols into their writing to allude to
each poem.                          a feeling, mood or attitude without directly stating
                                    the perspective or mood intended. Symbolism is
                                    supplemental to the story.
             Vocabulary and Authors
Tell me something about each   Authors
                                  Basho-1644-1694-
                                  Richard Wright-1908-1960
                                  Emily Dickinson-1830-1886
•   Haiku                         Walter de lar Mare-1873-1956
•   Imagery                       Elinor Wylie-1885-1928
•   Image                         Langston Hughes-1902-1967
                                  May Swenson-1919
•   Simile
                                   Shakespeare-1564-1616
•   Personification
•   Metaphor
•   Comparison
•   Parallel
•   Time line
•   Mood
•   Tone
•   Stanza
•   Symbol/symbolism

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