38 by xiaoyounan


									         Unit XIII
  The Eighteenth-Century
   Concerto and Sonata

Chapter 38
The Classical Sonata

 Instrumental work for one or two
  instruments following the 2-,3-, or 4-
  movement sonata cycle plan outlined
 Important genre for amateur musicians
  in the home as well as for composers
  performing in concert.
 Most  prominent are solo piano sonatas
  for violin or cello and piano
 Early on the piano played dominant
  role in duo sonatas, with the string
  instrument acting as accompaniment.
 With Mozart and Beethoven, the
  piano and the string instrument
  became equal partners in the
 Mozart’s  duo sonatas are mostly for
  violin and piano, since these were the
  two instruments played.
 Most important contribution to the
  genre is the piano sonatas of
  Beethoven, which span his career and
  style changes.
    Beethoven, Piano Sonata in c –
    sharp minor, Op. 27, No.2
    (Moonlight) I and II
 Written in 1801.
 Title given by the poet, Ludwig Rellstab,
  who likened the work to the moonlight
  scenery along Lake Lucerne in Switzerland.
 Dedicated to Countess Guicciardi; a last-
  minute decision.
First movement: Adagio Sostenuto
 Uses modified song form in c-sharp minor.
 Introduction: four arpeggiated chords.
 Strophe 1 then Middle section in G sharp
  followed by Strophe 2 in c-sharp minor
  ending with a coda and resolution on the
  tonic cadence.
 See Listening Guide 23, pp. 212-213,(CD
  2/40-43), for theme and analysis.
Second movement: Allegretto;
scherzo and trio form
 Short, repeated sections.
 Scherzo/Trio/Scherzo; overall A-B-
  A structure; p. 213,(CD 2/44-48),
  for theme and analysis.
Third movement: Presto agitato:
sonata allegro form, in c- sharp
 This  last mvt. is reserved for his most
    dramatic writing as he sets it to full-
    blown sonata form.
   Work has become one of his most beloved
    works although he felt he had written
    “better things!” ( not found Listening CD’s)

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