; Strengthening the anti corruption Measures and maintaining
Documents
Resources
Learning Center
Upload
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out

Strengthening the anti corruption Measures and maintaining

VIEWS: 5 PAGES: 24

  • pg 1
									Strengthening the Anti Corruption
    Measures and Maintaining
             Pressure
            In Uganda
   Presenter


Ashaba Aheebwa
Director Ethics
Office of the President
Uganda

ashaheebwa@yahoo.com


                          2
   The vision



A Society that Respects and Cherishes Integrity.




                                                   3
   The Mission

 To minimize the incidence of Corruption and
  Unethical conduct in public office and
  establish a sustainable Integrity System




                                                4
   Historical Perspective

At Independence in 1962 Uganda had
 One of the best economies on the Continent
 A very strong, well Resourced and Ethical
  Civil Service
 A strong Academic Foundation
 A Well grounded Ethical Value System


                                               5
   Causation Factors

Corruption in Uganda derives from:
 Past Political Mismanagement
 Over centralization of power and resources
 Bureaucratic Bottlenecks
 Social Stratification Factors
 Poorly Managed and Bloated Civil Service
 Individual Human Weakness
 Disenfranchised Society
Result: Systemic Corruption

                                               6
First Responses

 Use Traditional Reactive Measures
  Anti Corruption Law 1970

  Internal Audits and procedures

  External Audit

  Political Sanctions

  Over concentration pf power and Resources

  Military Intervention 1970

 No Proactive or preventive Measures

                                               7
    Results

 Poor Resource Envelop
 No Policy Direction
 Disrupted political, Economic and administrative
  Systems
 Anarchy and state inspired insecurity
 Total Economic Collapse
 Wide spread scarcity of goods and services
 Official use of position for personal or group gain
Systemic Corruption Persisted

                                                        8
    Responses of Mid 1980s
Holistic and Overarching strategy:
 Constitutional and other Reforms
 An independent anti corruption agency (IGG)
 Involvement of more Government MDAs
 Bringing on Board of Civil Society Organizations
 Creation of conducive Environment for the Media
 Regular interaction with Development Partners
 Ethics courses with Academic Institutions
 Respect for Institutions Independence
Coordination under Presidents Office
                                                     9
     Emphasis

   Coordination of Efforts
   Constitutional Reforms
   Economic Liberalization
   Decentralization of Power and Resources
   Decentralization of Procurement
   Regular Public Service Reforms
   Regular Pay Reviews
   Political Clout and Representation
   Ethics Education and Integrity Promotion
   Mobilization of the general public
                                               10
   Implementation Mechanisms

The implementation is guided by:
 The National Poverty Eradication Action Plan
 Poverty Reduction Support Credit Prior Actions
 Regular Interagency Policy Reviews
 Joint Stakeholders Reviews
 Coalition Building Workshops
 Interagency Task Forces
 Agency Specific Mandates


                                                   11
     Priority Areas

   Strengthening Capacities
   Strengthening the Procurement System
   Regular Public Sector Pay-reforms
   Strengthening Financial Accountability
   Ensuring Coordinated Implementation
   Country Wide Ethics Education
   Creating Conducive Environment for non-state
    Actors

                                                   12
     Maintaining the Pressure

The Pressure Points
   Legal Pressure
   Institutional Pressure
   Information Pressure
   Non State Pressure
   International Pressure



                                13
     Legal Pressure

   Use of Peoples’ Power in the 1995 Constitution
   Complaints handling by Inspectorate
   Regular Declaration of Assets and Liabilities
   Regular Procurement Inspections
   Responsive Commissions of Inquiry
   Freedom to Access Public Information
   Proscription of gifts and any form of gratis


                                                     14
     Institutional Pressure
   Inspectorate of Government Ombudsman Role
   Inspectorate of Government Oversight Role
   Decentralization of Procurement
   Financial Commitment Control System
   Parliamentary Public Accounts Committee
   Local Governments Accounts Committee
   Treasury Memoranda
   Parliamentary Fraud Squad
   Districts Accounts Committee
   Political Pluralism
   Censure Motions In Parliament
   Regular Integrity Surveys


                                                15
     Standards Pressure

   The Leadership Code Act
   Conflict of Interest Provisions
   Civil service Code of Conduct and Ethics
   Discussions on National Values
   Consultations on Schools Ethics Curriculum
   Generic Ethics Training Curriculum
   Client /Citizens Charters
   Codes for Professionals and Policy Makers
   Regulatory Best Practices
   Integrity Awards
                                                 16
     Communication Pressure

   Communication Strategy
   Training in Ethics and Integrity
   Media Programs
   Print Media Pullouts
   Access to Public Information
   Publication of funds to Local Governments
   Regular Press Briefings
   Regular reports
   Public Service Client Charters

                                                17
   Coalition Pressure

 Ratification of International Conventions
 Development Partners Prior Actions
 Joint Reviews with various Stakeholders
 Political Response
 Civic Pressure



                                              18
   Non- State Actors Pressure

 Regular Development partners Reviews
 Media Exposure
 Civil Society Actions
 Media Debates and Surveys




                                         19
   Results

 Increased Participation of Non State Actors
 More Involvement of the Public
 More Focused Interventions
 Better Coordinated work and Synergy
 Optimal Use of Scarce Resources
 Improved National Image

                                                20
     Challenges

   National Resource Envelop still small
   Anti corruption Institutions Still under resourced
   Legal Environment Not Yet Fully Reformed
   Skilled Personnel
   Corruption Information Management
   Public Still Glorifies the Corrupt
   Public apathy
   Some Policies contradict anti corruption efforts
   Civil Society is still small and very weak
   Globalization introduces its own dimensions
                                                         21
   Some Lessons

 Each County needs its own Unique Home Grown
  Policy Framework
 Interagency Collaboration cannot be substituted
 Anti corruption requires enough Resources
 International Cooperation is vital
 Patience is vital for Behavioral Change
 Requires strong Civic Participation
 Need to bring the Business Sector on Board
 A stable and Conducive political Atmosphere

                                                    22
     Recommendations

   Set up Interagency Forum
   Periodic Performance Reviews
   Condition for Civic Anti Corruption Activities
   Conducting Regular Integrity Surveys
   Mainstream Ethics and Integrity Issues in all activities
   Set up and Strengthen Oversight Institutions
   Support Media Regular Exposure
   Set Up reward Systems
   Create mechanisms to make corruption risky
   Have Zero Tolerance Stance


                                                               23
Gratis



  Thank You For Your Attention




                                 24

								
To top