A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF STUDENTS PERFORMANCE BETWEEN PRIVATE AND PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF STUDENTS PERFORMANCE BETWEEN PRIVATE AND PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS Powered By Docstoc
					   A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF STUDENTS
PERFORMANCE BETWEEN PRIVATE AND PUBLIC
          SECONDARY SCHOOLS
              DEDICATION


This project is dedicated to Almighty God.




                     ii
                                   ABSTRACT


      This study was conducted to discover the significant relationship of Student’s
performance between Private and Public Secondary Schools in Obokun Local
Government Area of Osun State.
      In this study I have tried to look into the factors responsible for poor academic
performance among the Public Secondary School Students in Obokun Local
Government Area of Osun State with the view to make useful suggestions and
recommendations.
      Data for this study was collected through structured multiple-choice objective
tests, constructed by the researcher to access the ability of the Students of Private
and Public Schools.
      I have been able to deduce that Students in Public Secondary Schools are not
performing excellently well due to Students’ attitude to work. Lack of commitment on
the part of parents, lack of access to good teaching and supervision etc.
      Recommendations were also made for improvement on poor academic
performance of Students in Public Secondary Schools in Obokun Local Government
Area of Osun State.




                                          iii
                                TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE …………………………………………………………………………                                                                i
CERTIFICATION ……………………………………………………………….……                                                              ii
DEDICATION ………………………………………………………………………..                                                               iii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ……………………………………………………………                                                                iv
ABSTRACT ………………………………………………………………………….                                                                 v
TABLE OF CONTENT ……………………………………………………………..                                                             vi
CHAPTER ONE
    Introduction
    Background to the Study ……………………………………………………                                                       1
    Statement of the Study ………………………………………….………….                                                      2
    Purpose of the Study …………………………………….………………….                                                       2
    Research Hypothesis …...........................................................................   3
    Significance of the Study …………..……………………………………….                                                   3
CHAPTER TWO
    Literature Review …………………………………………………………….                                                         4
CHAPTER THREE
    Research Methodology
    Research Design ……………………………………………………………                                                            5
    Population of the Study ………………………………..………….……….                                                    5
    Sample and Sampling Technique ……………………………..………….                                                   5
    Data Collection ………………………………………………………………                                                           5
CHAPTER FOUR
    Result and Discussion
    Discussion …………………………………………………………………..                                                             6
    Analysis of the Table ……………………………………………………..                                                       6
CHAPTER FIVE
    Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
    Summary …………………………………………………………………….                                                                7
    Conclusion …………………………………………………………………..                                                             7
    Recommendation …………………………………………………………...                                                           7
REFERENCES ………………………………………………………………………                                                                 9


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                                 CHAPTER ONE
                                      Introduction

Background to the Study
      Relationship between the performance of Students in Private and Public
Secondary Schools has been an agitating issue among Government, Teachers in
Private and Public Schools and among individuals. It is argued that private and
Public Secondary Schools share the same curriculum.
      Government can be described as an agency or machinery through which the
will of the State is formulated, expressed and attained formation of Government as a
result of people coming together and living together with the power and authority for
maintaining securing peace and stability by making and enforcing conventional and
fundamental, always in a given state or society J. U. Anyale (1991,1994)
      It has been discovered by many researchers that there are many clear
differences in student’s performance in Government subject between Public and
Private Secondary Schools, the opinion of myriads of these differences of Student
performance in government subject between the Private and Public Secondary
schools different from one another.
      The Student’s academic performance in Private Secondary School in
Government subject is highly encouraging and pleasant while that of Public
Secondary Schools performance is woefully. It is observed that there are many
factors responsible for excellent and good academic performance of Private
Secondary School mates than in Public Secondary Schools. Some of the factors
responsible are as follows:
      Availability of appropriate teaching aids enriched and adapted curriculum, less
qualified teacher, through supervision by individual’s prospectus, provision and
maintenance of conducive environment and comfortable such as good infrastructure,
parental contribution couple with finance.




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       On the other hands, learners in Public Secondary Schools perform woefully
because of certain things they are deprived of. Some of the observed factors are as
follows:
Lack of learning materials
Inadequate inspection and supervision
Poor administration
Lack of total dedication by the teachers by one reason or the other
Poor finance
Static curriculum
Poor background of students
Un-conducive environment and a host of others.

Statement of the Problem
       There is doubt that Public and Private Schools share the same course
contents and curriculum in Government subject. The question arising is that, is it
possible for Students in Private Secondary School and Students in Public Secondary
School to perform equally in Government subjects?
       Specifically, is there any relationship between Students performance in
subjects both at Private and Public Secondary Schools particularly in Obokun Local
Government Area of Osun State.
       Does parental background affect the performance of Students in subjects?
The answer to this question could be positive or negative. The main concern is how
they affect performance in subjects either positively.

Purpose of the Study
       The study is set out to achieve the following:
       Find out if there is any difference between Students performances in subjects
in Private Secondary Schools.
       Highlight causes of academic differential in Government subject between
Public and Private Secondary School Students.


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      Indicate the differential directions.
      Suggest steps to rectify the difference so discovered.

Research Hypothesis
      There is a significant difference in Students’ academic performance in
Government subject between Public and Private Secondary Schools.
      There is significant effect between the types of Secondary School of the
learner and his academic performance and learning abilities in Government subject.

Significance of the Study
      The importance of this research work is to highlight the factors responsible for
different Student’s academic performance in government subject and encourage
them for better performances.      It is so because it indicates the direction of the
differences observed and suggests ways of improving the faulty notice; this would
hopefully check the Public and Private Secondary School drifts.




                                              3
                                    CHAPTER TWO
                                Review of Related Literature

       Fafunwa (1981) observed that access to good teaching and supervision,
appropriate teaching ids standard School building, crowdless classes and conducive
environment where access to Secondary schooling is low Students performance
particularly in Government subject and other learning abilities tends to be poor and
vice versa. He concluded that in area where Private Schools are well established,
dropout is an infrequent occurrence and Student’s academic performance is highly
encouraging.
       Lloyd (1966) shows that distinct differences exist between Private and Public
Schools regarding socialization practices and strategies for education of children.
       They believed that an intelligent child would succeed automatically at school
on the other hand actively intervened in their Student’s education in order to
maximize their academic performance most especially in Government subject and
learning abilities generally.
       Pedley (1963) show that the sSecondary needs of Students are to provide the
teaching aids in the classroom where Students can learn effectively and efficiency.
       In this connection, it is not easy for government to make provision for all
necessary materials in Public School, whereas they charge their Students in relation
to their facilities provided.




                                             4
                                CHAPTER THREE
                              Research Methodology

Research Design
      This project work adapts the simple descriptive survey design.
Population and Sample
      The population of the study consisted of all Secondary Schools in Obokun
Local Government Area of Osun State.
Sample and Sampling Technique
      The sample for the study comprises of one hundred (100) Secondary School
Students from both Public and Private Secondary Schools randomly elected in the
Obokun Local Government Area of Osun State.            The Students were randomly
selected from five Public Secondary Schools and five Private Secondary Schools in
the Local Government. In all, then (10) Students were selected in Public and Private
Secondary Schools.
Data Collection
      The instrument used for the collection of data was multiple-choice objective
tests constructed by the researcher to access the ability of the Student of Private and
Public Schools.




                                          5
                                CHAPTER FOUR
                              Results and Discussion


Discussion
      The sampling method was used, which includes both male and female
students with the percentage of 56% and 44% respectively. In analyzing the data
collected, the standard deviation of Private Secondary school 2.21 action was 1.46
this show the difference between the academic performance of Private and Public
Schools. In Private Secondary Schools they performed better than the Students in
Public Secondary Schools.
Analysis of the Table
      Mean and standard deviation of Students in Private and Public School in
Government achievement test.
                                   Private School               Public School
Variable
             M                            50                            50
             X                          9.52                          3.92
            SD                          2.21                          1.46


      From the above table there was a difference between the means in Private
School and Public Secondary School that based on achievement test. The means
score for Private was 9.52 while that of Public School was 1.46 it means there is
significant differences on academic achievement of students in government subject.
Judging from the descriptive statistics, it could be realized that Students of Private
School performed better than any of their counterpart in the Public Secondary
School in Government subject.




                                          6
                                  CHAPTER FIVE

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation


Summary
    This study has examined the comparative analysis of student’s performance
in government subject in ten (10) selected schools in Obokun Local Government
Area of Osun State. Scores of the Students of Senior Secondary School Certificate
were used.    The data collected were analyzed using simple percentage, it was
concluded form the analysis of the data that students’ in Private Schools performed
better than their counterparts in Public Schools in Government subject. The scores
showed that the performance of student that fall between 70 and above was higher
inn private school, while that of Public School is lower.
        The Private School had 10.8% while Public Schools had 4.2%.               The
percentage of Students that fall 40, 49 and 0.39 in Public Schools was higher, while
the percentage of Students that got distinction and credit were higher in Private
Schools, while Student that got pass mark and those that failed were higher in Public
Schools. However, it could still be asserted that performance of those that fall
between 50.69 was still encouraging.

Conclusion
      The general observation in the research is that students are not performing
excellently well, especially public school. Some of the factors responsible this is as
follows:
        The attitude of students, do perceive Government subject as being very easy
to comprehend by this they become less serious.
        Lack of good access to good teaching and supervision, standard school
building, crowd less classes and conducive environment for learning in Public School
. Commitment on the part of Parents in Private Schools, Parents are more committed
in monitoring the progress of their Children because of the money they spent on
them.




                                            7
Recommendation
     Individual Parents should contribute to the success of their Children. This is
needed for educational administrator policy makers to plan more effectively for
Government subjects in both Private and Public Schools.
      Seminars, workshops and conference should be more encouraged by
concerned bodies for the improvement of human resources.
      Supervision must be thorough without been biased to individual student and
workers.
      Adequate welfare the government must always look to workers welfare in
terms of remuneration, promotion and adequate payment of staff salary.




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                                     REFERENCE

ABAYOMI, KOLEOSO (2002): Introduction to Teaching Profession, Alex Publisher
Nig. Ltd., Ondo
AKUBUE A. O. (1991):            Classroom Organization and Management, Wisdom
Publisher Ltd., Ibadan.
AYO HAMMED (2002): Statistics in Education, Stuling Horden Publisher’s Ltd,
Ibadan.
EGUNJOBI, E. O. (1992):           Effects of Models on Secondary School Student
Achievement in Map Reading. An unpublished Education thesis submitted to faculty
of Education O.A.U. Ile-Ife
FAFUNWA S. (1993):           The Changing Pattern of Education in Nigeria Education
Today 6(3).
JAMES A. A. (200): Designing Content of the Curriculum. A Guide to Practice by May
Best Publication (Ibadan).




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Description: This study was conducted to discover the significant relationship of Student’s performance between Private and Public Secondary Schools in Obokun Local Government Area of Osun State. In this study I have tried to look into the factors responsible for poor academic performance among the Public Secondary School Students in Obokun Local Government Area of Osun State with the view to make useful suggestions and recommendations. Data for this study was collected through structured multiple-choice objective tests, constructed by the researcher to access the ability of the Students of Private and Public Schools. I have been able to deduce that Students in Public Secondary Schools are not performing excellently well due to Students’ attitude to work. Lack of commitment on the part of parents, lack of access to good teaching and supervision etc. Recommendations were also made for improvement on poor academic performance of Students in Public Secondary Schools in Obokun Local Government Area of Osun State.