THE USEFULNESS OF TEACHING AND LEARNING OF SEX EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

					THE USEFULNESS OF TEACHING AND LEARNING
OF SEX EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

    A CASE STUDY OF ILESA EAST LOCAL
    GOVERNMENT AREA OF OSUN STATE.




                                       2012
                      ii




              DEDICATION
This project is dedicated to Almighty God.
                                     ABSTRACT
       The main objectives of this research was to find out the form of sex education being
organized by counseling units of Secondary Schools in Osun State with a view of offering
useful suggestions that would improve the activities of the Counseling units.

       The research was carried out in Osun State using random sampling technique. The
respondent for the study were two hundred which include the Teachers and Students. The
study employed the use of structured questionnaire. The data collected were computed,
analyzed and interpreted using Chi-Square.

       Finding of the study confirm that most of the teachers and students still perceive sex
education as a “No go area”. Hence, the study of the usefulness of teaching and learning of
sex education in the Secondary schools may not be necessary.




                                             V
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE…………………………………………………………………….….                                                                        i
CERTIFICATION ……………………………….……………………………………                                                                      ii
DEDICATION……………………………………………………………………………..                                                                      iii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT …………………………………………………………….                                                                       iv
ABSTRACT ……………………………………………………………………………                                                                         v
TABLE OF CONTENT …………………………………………………………………..                                                                   vi
CHAPTER ONE
    Introduction
    Background of the Study ……….……………………………………………… 1
    Purpose of the Study …………………………………………………………….. 1
    Significance of the Study ………………………………………………………….. 1
    Statement of the Problem …………………..…………………………………….. 1
    Hypothesis …………………………………………………………………...            2
    Limitation of the Study …………………………………………………………… 2

CHAPTER TWO
    Review of Related Literature ……………………………………………………… 3
CHAPTER THREE
    Research Methodology……………………………………………………………. 4
    Research Design ….......................................................................................... 4
    Sample and Sampling Technique …………………….…………………………. 4
    Research Instrument ………………………………………………………………. 5
    Data Analysis …………………………………………………………………                                                                     5
CHAPTER FOUR
    Result and Discussion…………………………………………………………….. 6
    Data Analysis………………………………………………………………..….... 6
    Analysis of the Table ………………………………………………………….  7


CHAPTER FIVE
    Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
    Summary …………………………………………………………………                           8
    Conclusion ………………………………………………………………………… 8
    Recommendation …………………………………………………......................... 9

REFERENCES …………………………………………………………………………                                                                        10




                                                       vi
                                    CHAPTER ONE
                                     INTRODUCTION
Background to the Study

        The general of human being depends on reproduction process. Reproduction depends
on sex while sex depends on true love. The love depend on how lover understand each other
and understanding depends on the knowledge of oneself through sex education (Taylor
1981)the history of sex education is as old as now himself. (Taylor 1981) in his book claimed
that sex education begins long before children come to school and parent have formed their
children attitude to this matter for better for worse. According to (Irwin 1977) sex is
something to laugh or joke about to attract other to themselves, but the philosophers scholars
and religious leaders have taught seriously about sex and it’s important to individuals and
society at large. Sex is a very powerful instrument used in many ways to attract attention.
Both male and female uses various styles of clothing and grooming to make themselves
attractive to each other (Irwin 1977).

Statement of the Problem
There is an alarming increase in the number of student dropping out from school due to one
or other sex related problem. As a result of this, the educational system of the country of
greatly being affected. The important of sex education therefore comes to mind, if the country
aspires to achieve her aim as spelt out in the national policy on education.
Research Hypothesis

The following hypothesis has been formulated for this course of study:

   (1) There is no significant different between the attitudes of teachers and students towards
       the teaching of sex education.
   (2) There is no significant different between those who support the inclusion of sex
       education in secondary school curriculum and those who do not support.

Purpose of Study

         Specifically the study was embarked upon, in order to bring out how much the
students in Ilesa east local government known about sex education and also suggest ways
adolescents would be expected to conduct themselves in relation to sex orientation, it is
necessary that the teenagers understand and manage the or sexual desire so as to have
enjoyable and rewarding relationship between the members of the opposite sex. To point out
the attitude and conducts towards the teaching of sex education in school.

Significant of the Study

The study was meant to reveal forewing face and with which various quarters in the society
look at sex education.

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It would surely point out why children need to be taught the idea of sex education before they
assume to responsibility of motherhood

Through this study the reasons why sex education was not included in the schools.
Curriculum would be made known and recommendation would go to various departments so
as to speed up the process of inclusion of the subject matter in the school curriculum and the
usefulness of teaching and learning of sex education would be made known.

Scope of the study

The study would be limited to five secondary schools in Ilesa East local Government

   (1)   Ilesa grammar school
   (2)   Obokun high school
   (3)   St. Lawrence grammar school
   (4)   Hope grammar school
   (5)   Babalola memorial high school.

The variable for consideration will also be limited to:

   (a)   Dating and courtship
   (b)   Marriage institution
   (c)   The uses of contraceptives
   (d)   Experience of the subject concerning abortion
   (e)   Experience of the subject concerning infections through general diseases

Limitation of the study

       The research in carrying out the study faced a lot of problems. The respondents were
not willing to give them true feelings and opinions. It was also observed that some
respondents made false statements in their response while some questionnaires were not
completely filled. Another area of limitation was that of time and finance.

Definitions of terms

Teenagers: A teenager is a boy or girl especially a young person between the age of 13-
19

Sex Education: An education which teaches the young person what he or she would know for
his or her personal conduct and relationship with others




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                                       Chapter two
                                      Literature Review

Sex education, like any other subject in the school curriculum has been looked into by
professional in different field of learning such as the medical and physiological expert over
the years. It has attracted their attention because of the problem which it is creating for many
of our youth as their ethnic unplanned marriages, abortion, e.t.c(ekeh 1982). The term sex
education was adopted by th3e international congress on hygiene. in 1912, the American
school of health association (19700 stated that it is used purposely to describe instruction
which set to develop the understanding of the physical mental, social, economic and
physiological phase of human relationship as they affect male and female.

       Problems associated with lack of sex education.

According to shyer1976, the problems are classified into three major heading viz;

   1. Abortion and its related problems
   2. Unplanned marriage and related problems
   3. Abandoned children\

   How should sex education be taught in the school?

There are many approaches to how ex education should be taught in school. Daizel (19630
claimed that the physical experience of the children at the time of puberty can be used to
explain the biological nature of sexual development. After puberty, questions of personal
responsibility can be studied by the use of group approach. Sex education may also be
approached through the stage of development of the students concerned of through their
experience about the topic. Daizel (1963) claimed that the method of philosophy employed in
teaching sex education had always reflected contemporary social attitude, eagerness and
question should give the teacher guidelines as to how to teach sex education. To teach sex
education, WE NEED TO TELL THE STUDENTS that abstinence or permissiveness before
marriage is the best of behaviours. They should teach how sexual relationship occurs and
analyze this to increase the students’ ability to think clearly and rationally in this area and
thereby handle whatever problem that may arise (daizel 1963).

        Also the education aids(the charts) showing the foetus during the nine months of
pregnancy and their internal and external organs of both male and female reproductive
systems should be made available in the classroom. An isolated course on sex education in
the school is hardly an effective way to handle the need for sex education if we want sex
education to have the respect of the students and teachers, then it would seem that the best
path to follow would be to integrate it into the legitimate existing disciplines in the school. To
do otherwise will make it likely to be taught in moralistic fashion.



                                              3
In fact, such total integration into various courses cannot o9ccur with proper teaching
materials and properly trained teachers. It is not something that can occur over night (daziel
1963)

The usefulness of learning and teaching of sex education in secondary school is to effect
change and influence actions towards the sexuality welfare of the society about sex and
sexual relationship.

       This knowledge is the basic for decision affecting sexuality values, relationships
between opposite sex, the mix of moral values and sexual activity. In general, usefulness of
teaching and learning sex education in secondary school are as follows.

   1. To establish and disseminate the usefulness of sex education.
   2. To develop teaching plans for the achievement of the usefulness and the objectives of
      sex education( there are plans written down and set to all secondary school teachers
      for award transmission to the students)
   3. To organize human sexual relationship and other component in the most effective and
      efficient way.
   4. To ensure good idea of sexual relationship and skill in the society
   5. To ensure the selecting developing and approval of sexual health of the people in
      society.
   6. To help the young people with the acquisition of adequate knowledge, skills and
      responsible attitude in order to prevent and reduce sexually transmitted disease like
      Hiv/Aids




                                                     4
                                         Chapter 3

Population of the Study

The population for this study comprises of students in the secondary schools in Ilesa East
local government area of Osun state.

Sample and sampling study.

Four secondary schools were selected for the study.

   1.   Muslim grammar school
   2.   Ilesa grammar school
   3.   St. Lawrence grammar school.
   4.   Babalola memorial girls school

The study samples were fifty students from each of the selected secondary schools totaling
200. Random sampling method was used to select the students. This ensures adequate
representation of the students involved.

Research Instrument.

Questionnaire was the instrument employed for the project. The statements in the
questionnaire were structured in relation to the research hypothesis.. The questionnaires
contained two sections. Section A which contained the personal data of the respondents such
as name, sex, school, date, class, age, etc. section B contained 25 statements of the following;
AGREED, DISAGREED, STRONGLY AGREED, STRONGLY DISAGREED. THE
questionnaires was designed was design to elicit response concerning attitudes of teachers
and students towards the TEACHING OF SEX EDUCATION in some selected secondary
schools in Ilesa East local Government Area.

Research Procedures.

Before the questionnaires were given to the students, the consent and maximum cooperation
of some teachers in the selected schools have been sought. The questionnaires were
distributed to the students through the assistance of the selected teachers in each of the
schools. The teacher helped to monitor the students and the whole exercise did not take m
much time. Two hundred questionnaires were distributed altogether to the concerned schools
and the chosen teachers to make the collection.

All the two hundred copies were adequately filled, completed and returned. This means that
the study was based on almost on nineteen-nine percent (99%) full completed copies. Data
collection was analyzed using the chi-square method.

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                                      CHAPTER 4

Result and Discussion;

The main purpose of this chapter is to discuss the findings of this study. The study collects
adequate data on the attitude of teachers and students towards the teaching of sex education
in selected schools in Ilesa east local government. The hypothesis is null because there is no
significant between the attitude of the teachers and students in teaching of sex education. To
test the above hypothesis, therefore response to the following statement was used.

Statement 1- sex education should be taught in secondary schools

Statement 11- no inclusion of sex education in the school curriculum will result in high rate
of immoral sex.

Table1.


                       STRONGLY AGREED            STRONGLY DISAGREED            TOTAL

TEACHER                       120                        80                        200

STUDENTS                      90                        110                        200

                              210                       190                        400

Calculated Value = 9.02

Critical value = 3.8

D.F = 1

P = 0.05

Therefore, since calculated value is greater than the critical value, the hypothesis is rejected
in between the attitudes of the teachers and the students towards the teaching of sex
education. Therefore, there is no significant difference between those who support the
inclusion of sex education in the secondary schools curriculum and those who do not support.
To test the above hypothesis, therefore, responses to the following statements were used.

Statement1. Like sex education as a subject

Statement2. Student at any level of education should not be exposed to sex education.




                                              7
TABLE2.


                 STRONGLY AGREED            STRONGLY DISAGREED               TOTAL

TEACHERS                   105                         95                       200

STUDENTS                   115                         85                       200

                           220                         180                      400

Calculated value = 8. 98

Critical value = 3.8

D.F = 1

P = 0.05

The above indicated that the critical value is greater than the calculated value, hence the
hypothesis is confirmed. There is no significant difference in the school curriculum and those
who do not support. Findings reveal that many people including parents and those who
suppose to read between the lines are against the sex education in the secondary school
curriculum. Akinde (1986) in his book, “sex education is imperative” condemned the attitude
of parents who are against the teaching and learning of sex education in secondary schools.




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                                       CHAPTER 5

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION;

Summary.

The aim of this study was to assess the attitude of students and teachers towards the teaching
of sex education in selected secondary schools Ilesa East Local Government Area. The
research was conducted among the four selected Secondary Schools in the town and chi-
square was used to analyses data collected in the study. There were different opinions as to
the teaching of sex education and also majority of the teachers are in support of introduction
of sex education in the schools while few of them see it as a way of introducing way wardens
into the school system.

Conclusion

The findings of this study have shown that Ilesa East Secondary School Teachers and
Students still perceive sex education as no go area hence any attempt to dabble into it may be
viewed as an abomination. From the previous chapter and the use of questionnaires the
researcher believes that there is urgent need for sex educations in our secondary schools.

Recommendations

Sex education ids the responsibility of the prints the teasers and the government. They are the
arms that need to work together to give the students a life in the society. The following
recommendations are hereby made.

The teachers

   (1)   Teachers need to reduce their immoral relationship with their female students
   (2)   Teachers should be of good behavior students should like and trust them
   (3)   Teacher shod encourage the government to include sex education in the syllables
   (4)   Expert trained for the entire job like doctors sociologists, exultance and counseling
         units should educate the youths on the importance of the subject. (sex education)

The Government

   (1) Secondary school curriculum should be reviewed to match of present society now by
       including sex education in it
   (2) Provision of adequate and named personal to guide students on sex education in our
       secondary schools
   (3) Legalization of abortion and encouragement writers to publish books and magazines
       on sex educations with clear illustrations
   (4) Provision of moderns contraception to all those whorls Len wanted pregnancy
       especially the adolescents

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                                 REFERENCES
1.   ADAMOLEKUN O. sexual Harassment on campus
     A counselor’s reflection Nigerian journal of counseling and development (1989)
2.   ADAMOLEKUN TAIWO (1984) - Sex education must be introduced in Nigerian
     schools. A paper presented at the campus seminal for physical and health
     education department of oyo stat (now osun state) college of education at osogbo.
3.   AKINDE A. (1986) __ Sex education is imperative weekly new shore page 10
4.   AJALA J.A (1988) __ Health educations preparative the school Health
     education
     ___ A journals of Oyo state chapter of Nigerians Health Association volume 1
     No.1
5.   EKEH H.E (1981) Planning of sex education in secondary schools official report
     first international, all __African conference of Health education. Page 254-259
6.   LINER E.O AHMED a Williamson N.E AND W.P SCHELLSTEALE (1990)
     Characteristic of condom and associated problem experience in Bangladesh
     contraception.
7.   ILUBOYEDE E. (1987) __ Sex Aids behavior health magazines
8.   UDOH C.O (1986) __ the concept of menial and social health claverisahun press
     bodija Ibadan.




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Description: The main objectives of this research was to find out the form of sex education being organized by counseling units of Secondary Schools in Osun State with a view of offering useful suggestions that would improve the activities of the Counseling units.