Scientific Revolution - Download Now PowerPoint by hcj

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									                 Bellringer
•   Get out your venn diagram
•   Get out your outline for the quiz.
•   You have 5 minutes.
•   BJOTD: What kind of monkey can fly?
            Bellringer 11/11
• Did you study last night??
• Get ready for speed dating review by
  making sure you have picked up your
  questions and answers from me.
• Read my comments and make any
  changes/fixes to your questions


• BJOTD: What did the banker say to the
  football player? –Jorge Gallo
              After the Quiz
• Place the packet and your test in the
  appropriate spot on the cart.
• Read through the “Speed Dating: Scientific
  Revolution and Enlightenment” Worksheet
  – Using Chapter 6, sections 1-2, in your textbook
    start looking up some of these individuals you
    could be in speed dating. Who do you want to
    be? 
Scientific Revolution and the
Enlightenment Introduction
                Background
• What did the Renaissance do?
  – The Renaissance sparked interest and curiosity
    about many things, allowing people to start to
    think for themselves
• What did the Reformation question?
  – The Reformation led people to question and
    challenge the original views of God, the church,
    and salvation
• At the same time as the Reformation…
  – Individuals began to challenge the way people
    viewed their place in the Universe. This became
    known as the Scientific Revolution.
What was the Scientific Revolution?
• The Scientific Revolution was a new way of
  thinking about the natural world.
• Based on:
  – careful observation of nature
  – a willingness to question widely accepted
    beliefs
  – Reason
• Result: the expansion of scientific
  knowledge
   How did they come up with these
               ideas?
• Scientific Method
  – Created by Aristotle
  – A logical procedure
    for gathering and
    testing ideas
        Scientists of the Scientific
                Revolution
• Need to know for the SOLs

•   Isaac Newton
•   Nicolas Copernicus
•   Johannes Kepler
•   Galileo Galilei
•   William Harvey
•   Aristotle
•   Rene Descartes
               Processing
• What was the Scientific Revolution?



• What are two things the Scientific
  Revolution is based on?
         The Enlightenment
• What was the Enlightenment?
  – An intellectual movement where
    enlightenment thinkers tried to apply reason
    and scientific methods to the HUMAN world as
    well as to the rest of the natural world
  – People wanted to build a society around the
    ideas of the Scientific Revolution
  Examples of Enlightenment Ideas
• Freedom of speech
• Separation of powers: government should
  be divided on different levels so that no one
  level has all the power
  – Example: England has a monarch and a
    Parliament
• Natural rights: life, liberty, property
• Freedom of religion
 How did the movement spread?
• Salons—wealthy women and men would
  gather to discuss ideas
• Encyclopedias published many
  Enlightenment ideas
• Pamphlets and newspapers helped to
  spread the word about new ideas
        Enlightenment Thinkers
• Need to know for the SOLs

•   John Locke
•   Montesquieu
•   Voltaire
•   Beccaria
•   Thomas Hobbes
•   Jean-Jacques Rousseau
•   Thomas Jefferson
•   Mary Wollstonecraft
  Results of the Enlightenment
• Stimulated religious tolerance
• Helped to start democratic revolutions
  around the world
• Rise of individualism—thinking for yourself
• Rise of a more secular or worldly outlook
             Speed Dating
• Starting next class, we are going to be
  researching for our speed-dating activity
• You and a partner will research and then
  become one of the individuals from either
  the Scientific Revolution or the
  Enlightenment
• Each of you will be responsible for being
  that person in a round of speed dating—
  why would someone want to choose you to
  be the best influence on their country? 
                  Bellringer
• Sit at the tables in the center of the classroom.
• Take out your notes from last class
• Complete the Processing questions from your
  sheet.



• BJOTD: Why did the bank robber go see a
  chiropractor?
Leaders of the Scientific Revolution
   Nicolaus Copernicus—1500s
• Did not agree with the geocentric model of
  the universe
• First to study the idea that the sun was at
  the center of the universe
• After 25 years, Copernicus proved that the
  sun was in the center of the stars and other
  planets
• Called the heliocentric theory—sun-
  centered
      Johannes Kepler—1600s
• Kepler expanded on Copernicus’ ideas—he
  wanted to know why and how the planets
  orbit the way they do
• Proved that the planets revolve around the
  sun in elliptical orbits instead of perfect
  circles
Galileo Galilei—1500-1600
            • 1609—he used a
              telescope to study the
              heavens
            • 1610—wrote Starry
              Messenger, which
              described his
              observations
              – Confirmed
                Copernicus’ theory of
                a heliocentric
                universe
                Galileo Tidbits
• Galileo's ideas went
  against the church, so he
  was “encouraged” not to
  publish his book
• Taken to court by the
  Church and put to torture
   – Under torture, he lied and
     claimed that Copernicus’
     ideas were wrong
• Jailed until his death, but
  his ideas still spread.
               Isaac Newton
• By 24, Newton was certain all physical objects
  on Earth and in space were equally affected by
  the same forces
• His big idea: linking motion in the heaven
  with motion on earth
  – Called the Law of Universal Gravitation
• Every object in the Universe attracts every
  other object. The amount of attraction
  depends on the mass of the object and the
  distance between them.
       William Harvey—1600s
• Wrote On the Motion
  of the Heart and
  Blood in Animals
• Showed the heart acts
  as a pump to circulate
  the blood throughout
  the body
• Described the
  function of blood
  vessels
   Other Important Inventions
• Microscope
• Edward Jenner invented a vaccine for
  Smallpox
• First Fahrenheit Thermometer
              Processing
• Which innovation do you feel was the most
  important, and why?

								
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