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RESCUE TECHNIQUES

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RESCUE TECHNIQUES Powered By Docstoc
					  EMERGENCY METHODS
OF EVACUATING CASUALTIES
   WITHOUT EQUIPMENT




                           1
         INTRODUCTION
Non-Risky Situation
• Package casualties wherever possible
• Evacuate casualties with stretchers
• Ensure comfort or minimize the suffering of the casualties

Emergency or Risky Situation
• No stretchers or time to construct improvised stretchers
• The casualty must be removed quickly due to potential
  dangers
• Do not attempt to rescue if your own life is in danger


                                                             2
 LEARNING OBJECTIVES
• Understand the correct techniques to be
  applied on the casualty

• Execute the correct method of carrying the
  casualty

• Demonstrate the necessary safety measures
  taken to prevent injury to the rescuers



                                               3
                SCOPE

• Introduction
• Factors influencing methods used
• Safety Precautions
• Demonstration and Practical of 1-Man
  Emergency Methods of Evacuating Casualties
• Demonstration and Practical of 2-Man
  Emergency Methods of Evacuating Casualties
• Conclusion


                                               4
       FACTORS INFLUENCING
        THE METHODS USED
Methods employed will depend on a
combination of the following factors:
a. Type and severity of the injuries
b. Casualty’s status
   • conscious
   • unconscious
c. Weight of the casualty
d. Availability of Rescuers
e. Distance and Route
                                        5
      GENERAL RULES
• Search should commence at the point of the
  greatest survival rate
• In multi-storey buildings, search should start
  from the top and work your way down
• Common places where casualties are found:
  a) Near doors
  b) Near windows
  c) At staircases
  d) In the restrooms

                                                   6
          SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
•   Always work in pairs
•   Ensure the proper placement of your feet for the selected
    techniques – to prevent falling
•   The correct method of lifting and gripping must be followed
•   Put on safety gears
•   Bring along a torch
•   Ensure that the method selected does not suffocate or
    cause further injury to the casualty
•   Do not drop the casualty
•   Squat down to Lift casualty instead of bending body down
                                                                7
      Emergency Methods of Casualty
       Evacuation from Surface Area
             One-Man Operations
                       1. Fireman’s Lift
                           • Light casualty, no back/spinal injuries




2. Fore Method
• Casualty of similar weight or heavier than rescuer

                                                                   8
3. The Cradle
• Light-weight casualties
  or children




                        4. The Pick-a-back
                            • Casualty is able to hang on
                            • Will not lose consciousness


                                                            9
5. Backward drag
•   Casualty is too heavy to be lifted




    6. The Human Crutch
    • Casualty can walk with
      assistance



                                    10
Practical




            11
           Emergency Methods of Casualty
            Evacuation from Surface Area

2-Man Operations
1. Double Human Crutch
• Casualty can walk with assistance




                                      2. The Fore & Aft
                                      • Casualty is unable to walk
                                                            12
                                           3. 2-Handed Seat




• Casualty need to be carried rather than dragged
• Casualty’s weight beyond the capability of 1 rescuer
                                     4. 3-Handed Seat



                                     • Useful when rescuer needs a free hand
                                     • Can support casualty’s injured leg
                                                                        13
                                5. 4-Handed Seat




   Casualty needs to be carried rather than dragged
   Casualty’s weight beyond the capability of 1 person
                                                          14
Practical




            15
                CONCLUSION
1. Rescuing of casualties may be conducted under any
   conceivably adverse conditions.
2. Methods employed will depend location and type of injury
   sustained.
3. Remember objective of rescue operations is to save and
   prevent further loss of lives.
4. Speed is essential, but must be consistent with safety and
   proper handling of casualties.
5. Ensure personal safety, as accidents and injuries to
   rescuers may jeopardise the whole operations.


                                                                16

				
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posted:1/5/2013
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