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Introduction to Computers -Win2000 OS.ppt

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					Introduction to Operating Systems
          Windows 2000
   Introduction to Operating Systems
             Windows 2000

• What is a computer? A computer is an
  electronic device, designed to process
  information.
• Information is processed when we input
  data, manipulate the data, store the data,
  and output (results) is obtained.
Introduction of Operating Systems
          Windows 2000
 Introduction to Operating Systems
           Windows 2000


 Computer System


Hardware             Software
     Introduction to Operating Systems
               Windows 2000
• Software
  – Computer programs (or instructions) that tell
    the computer what to do.
     • Operating System - Computer programs that
       controls the computer hardware, allowing the user
       to interface with the computer, with the purpose of
       processing data
        – Examples of OS are
            » Windows
            » MS-DOS
            » Linux
            » UNIX
Introduction to Operating Systems
          Windows 2000

Applications Software (or Programs)
• Computer programs that perform a specific task.
   – Example of Applications Software are:
       » Word processing - programs are designed to
         generate text documents
       » Spreadsheet programs - are designed to generate
         worksheets
       » Database programs - are designed to manipulate data
       » Slide presentations - programs are designed to create
         slide show presentation
          Introduction to Operating Systems
                    Windows 2000
•   Server – a computer that controls
    access to the hardware, and
    provides a centralized storage area
    for programs, data and
    information.
•   Network – various computers
    connected together for the purpose
    of sharing applications, data,
    hardware or simply to
    communicate.
     – Infra-network within the company
     – Local Area Network within the
       office or classroom
     – World Wide Web –all over the
       world (Internet)
Introduction to Operating Systems
          Windows 2000
                 • Workstation – is a
                   computer connected
                   to a server.
                 • User Interface – a
                   combination of
                   hardware and
                   software that you use
                   to communicate with
                   and control the
                   computer.
   Introduction to Operating Systems
             Windows 2000


                                     
Windows 2000 is the most widely used operating
systems for personal computers. The Windows
operating system displays menus and simulated
on-screen control, designed to be manipulated by
a mouse (also know as Graphical User Interface -
GUI)
      Introduction to Operating Systems
                Windows 2000
                 Microsoft Family
• Microsoft Window 2000 Server Edition is an OS
  for small to medium sized organizations.
• Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server is a
  more powerful mid-range OS for use with larger
  organizations.
• Microsoft Windows 2000 Data Center Edition –
  the most powerful OS produced by Microsoft
  that meets the needs of businesses and Internet
  Service Providers (ISP) organizations.
     Introduction to Operating Systems
               Windows 2000

• Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional is
  the most widely used OS, designed for use
  on computer workstations and portable
  computers. It is used to run applications
  programs. Includes Microsoft Internet
  Explorer (IE) which is a program that
  integrates Windows desktop with the
  Internet.
     Introduction to Operating Systems
               Windows 2000

• Launching Microsoft Windows
  – Turn the computer on by the power switch on
    front of the tower .
  – Wait a few seconds, until the Log On to
    Windows 2000 dialog box appears.
  At this time the computer is booting up the
    system. It is getting ready to look for the
    programs it needs to get READY.
     Introduction to Operating Systems
               Windows 2000

• Dialog Boxes – appears when the computer
  needs more information to proceed.
  – Components of dialog box;
     • Title bar – located at the top of the dialog box.
       Identify the name of the dialog box. Some dialog
       boxes will have a HELP button (?) and a close (X)
       button, maximize, or minimize buttons on the right
       edge of the title bar.
Introduction to Operating Systems
          Windows 2000
• text box – is a rectangular shape area in which you
  type text. The mouse pointer will change to an I-
  beam when pointing to this box.
• check box – click to accept option. When you have
  more than one check option you could accept
  multiples options.
• command button – perform the action as written
  on top of the button. Actions such as OK, Cancel,
  Shutdown, etc.
• list box – use a drop down arrow to list a series of
  options.
     Introduction of Operating Systems
               Windows 2000

In our classrooms, you need to enter the User
  ID and a Password.
Student ID will be the word Student with the
  number of the computer you are using.
The Password is your birth date.
After you enter the Password, click on the
  OK command button or simply press
  Enter.
     Introduction to Operating Systems
               Windows 2000

• The desktop should be visible at this
  moment.
• The desktop is the the background on your
  monitor screen.
     Introduction to Operating Systems
               Windows 2000

• Items on the desktop
  – Five standard icons
     • My Documents allows you to store documents
     • My Computer allows you to see the content in the
       computer and drives.
     • My Network Places – allows you connection with
       other computers in the Network (if any).
     • Recycle Bin – stores deleted files.
     • Internet Explorer (IE) – allows your access to the
       Internet.
   Introduction to Operating Systems
             Windows 2000
– Taskbar – bar located at the bottom of the
  screen that contains;
   • The Start button – allows you to begin using the
     computer
   • The Quick Launch toolbar – contain shortcut icons
     to certain applications (Desktop button, IE button
     and the Launch Outlook Express).
   • Button areas – indicates what windows are open.
   • Status area – consists of different shortcuts icons.
     The speaker icon is one of them, and it allows you
     to adjust the computer’s volume.
   Introduction to Operating Systems
             Windows 2000
The Mouse Pointer

An arrow shaped pointer on the desktop that
 allows you to point an object on the desktop,
 establishing the communication with the
 computer. Its shape changes accordingly to
 the object that is pointing.
     Introduction to Operating Systems
               Windows 2000

Objects
Nearly every item on the Windows 2000
 desktop is consider an object. An object
 has properties that are unique to that
 specific object. These properties affect
 what can be done to the object or what the
 object does.
       Introduction to Operating Systems
                 Windows 2000

  The Getting Started with Windows 2000
                      Window
• If it not visible, follow this steps;
  1.   Click the Start button
  2.   Click Run
  3.   Type welcome
  4.   Click the OK button
     Introduction to Operating Systems
               Windows 2000

• The Getting Started with Windows 2000
  Components
  – Table of contents with three options; Register
    Now, Discover Windows and Connect to
    Internet
  – Getting Started area – contains constantly
    changing tips about Windows 2000.
  – Tips area
   Introduction to Operating Systems
             Windows 2000
– Check box –allows you to display the Getting
  Started Window when Windows start.
– Exit button which closes the window.
– Title bar which identify the window.
– Windows icon allow you to control the
  window.
– Close button allows you to close the window.
Introduction to Operating Systems
          Windows 2000
      • Communicating with windows
        2000
         – Mouse pointing device use to
           communicate with Windows 2000,
           Windows 2000 support the use of
           Microsoft IntelliMouse.
            • The IntelliMouse contains three buttons:
                – Primary mouse button (left button)
                – Secondary mouse button (right button)
                – Wheel button
Introduction to Operating Systems
          Windows 2000

      – Using the mouse you can perform
        the following operations;
         • Point means move the mouse across a
           flat surface until the mouse pointer on
           the screen rests on the object you
           want to choose.
         • Click means press and release the
           primary button (left button).
         • Right-click means press and release
           the secondary button (right button)
Introduction to Operating Systems
          Windows 2000
      – Double click means to quickly
        press and release the primary
        button twice without moving the
        mouse.
      – Drag means to point, press and
        hold the primary button and move
        your mouse.
      – Right-drag means to point, press
        and hold the secondary button and
        move your mouse.

				
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