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					City of Windsor



                    SA L T

            MANAGEMENT

                   PL A N

                  2005 Update
                                                             SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                         2005 Update




NOTICE:

This Plan update is modeled on a Salt Management Plan Template
developed by Ecoplans Limited and has been prepared for the sole
use of the City of Windsor. It may not be adapted for use by anyone
else without the prior written approval of Ecoplans Limited.




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Prepared by Ecoplans Limited
                                                                 SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                             2005 Update


City of Windsor
MEMORANDUM


 To                                                                   Our file:


                                                                      Your file:


 From                                                                 Date:




Subject:           SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN – 2005 update

Attached is your copy of the City of Windsor’s Salt Management Plan – 2005 update for use by staff
responsible for roadway and asset maintenance. All staff is responsible for ensuring that effective salt
management practices, guidelines and procedures are followed and that services are provided in
accordance with the policies outlined in this Plan.

This will ensure the effective winter maintenance for the safety of all roadway users in the City of
Windsor while striving to minimize the amount of salt entering the environment.



Michael Palanacki, P.Eng.
Executive Director of Operations




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                                                             SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                         2005 Update

                       Commitment to Salt Management Plan
                  The undersigned are committed to maintaining and implementing the
                  City of Windsor’s Salt Management Plan as updated in the document.



    SIGNATURE:                                                  DATE:




    Executive Director of Operations



    Maintenance Manager



    Maintenance Coordinator



    Technical Support Manager



    Fleet Manager




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 TABLE OF
CONTENTS
                                                                                              SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                                          2005 Update


                                                   TABLE OF CONTENTS


1.0     INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................... 1-2
  1.1      OVERVIEW ................................................................................................................................... 1-2
  1.2      PURPOSE OF THE PLAN AND UPDATE .......................................................................................... 1-3
  1.3      LEGISLATIVE AUTHORITY ........................................................................................................... 1-3
  1.4      THE CITY OF WINDSOR’S VISION STATEMENT AND ACTION STRATEGIES ................................. 1-3
  1.5      FORMAT OF THE PLAN ................................................................................................................. 1-4
  1.6      RESPONSIBILITIES ........................................................................................................................ 1-4
2.0     POLICY CONTEXT .................................................................................................................... 2-2
  2.1 THE CITY OF WINDSOR’S ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY .................................................................. 2-2
  2.2 THE CITY OF WINDSOR’S WINTER MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS POLICY .................................. 2-2
  2.3 SALT MANAGEMENT POLICY ...................................................................................................... 2-2
    2.3.1 Salt Management Principles ................................................................................................. 2-2
    2.3.2 Implementation Guidelines .................................................................................................. 2-3
  2.4 APPLICATION ............................................................................................................................... 2-4
  2.5 IMPLEMENTATION........................................................................................................................ 2-4
3.0     WINTER MAINTENANCE STANDARDS ............................................................................... 3-2
  3.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................ 3-2
  3.2 LEVEL OF SERVICE POLICY ......................................................................................................... 3-2
  3.3 MATERIAL APPLICATION RATES ................................................................................................. 3-2
    3.3.1 Salt ....................................................................................................................................... 3-2
    3.3.2 Abrasives .............................................................................................................................. 3-3
    3.3.3 Liquids.................................................................................................................................. 3-3
  3.4 SNOW REMOVAL, STORAGE AND DISPOSAL ............................................................................... 3-3
  3.5 SIDEWALKS AND INTERSECTION CORNERS ................................................................................. 3-4
4.0     OPERATIONAL PRACTICES AND STRATEGIES ............................................................... 4-2
  4.1 OVERVIEW ................................................................................................................................... 4-2
  4.2 MANAGEMENT PRACTICES .......................................................................................................... 4-3
    4.2.1 Level of Service ................................................................................................................... 4-3
  4.3 EQUIPMENT.................................................................................................................................. 4-4
    4.3.1 Fleet Allocation/Optimization .............................................................................................. 4-5
    4.3.2 Fleet Upgrading .................................................................................................................... 4-6
    4.3.3 Equipment Maintenance and Calibration ............................................................................. 4-9
    4.3.4 Equipment Washing ........................................................................................................... 4-10
  4.4 MATERIALS ................................................................................................................................ 4-11
    4.4.1 Material Ordering, and Delivery ........................................................................................ 4-11
    4.4.2 Material Application Rates................................................................................................. 4-12
    4.4.3 Sand/Salt Blends ................................................................................................................ 4-14
    4.4.4 Material Storage / Handling ............................................................................................... 4-14
    4.4.5 Good Housekeeping Practices for Maintenance Yards ...................................................... 4-17
  4.5 STORM RESPONSE ...................................................................................................................... 4-18
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                                                                                            SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                                        2005 Update
    4.5.1   Weather Forecasting........................................................................................................... 4-18
    4.5.2   Decision-Making Support Technology .............................................................................. 4-20
    4.5.3   Storm Response Approaches .............................................................................................. 4-22
    4.5.4   Winter Road Patrol ............................................................................................................. 4-23
    4.5.5   Drift Control ....................................................................................................................... 4-24
  4.6 SNOW AND ICE CONTROL TRAINING ......................................................................................... 4-25
  4.7 SNOW REMOVAL AND DISPOSAL ............................................................................................... 4-26
  4.8 TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER REVIEW ............................................................................................ 4-28
  4.9 COMMUNICATIONS .................................................................................................................... 4-29
  4.10    SALT VULNERABLE AREAS .................................................................................................... 4-31
  4.11    RECORD KEEPING .................................................................................................................. 4-32
  4.12    MONITORING PROGRAM ........................................................................................................ 4-36
  4.13    EMERGENCY RESPONSE PROGRAM ........................................................................................ 4-37
5.0     MONITORING ............................................................................................................................. 5-2
  5.1 OVERVIEW ................................................................................................................................... 5-2
    5.1.1   Salt Management Plan Review ............................................................................................ 5-2
  5.2 MANAGEMENT PRACTICES .......................................................................................................... 5-4
    5.2.1   Level of Service ................................................................................................................... 5-4
  5.3 EQUIPMENT.................................................................................................................................. 5-4
    5.3.1   Fleet Allocation/Optimization .............................................................................................. 5-4
    5.3.2   Fleet Upgrading .................................................................................................................... 5-4
    5.3.3   Equipment Maintenance and Calibration ............................................................................. 5-5
    5.3.4   Equipment Washing ............................................................................................................. 5-5
  5.4 MATERIALS .................................................................................................................................. 5-6
    5.4.1   Material Ordering, and Delivery .......................................................................................... 5-6
    5.4.2   Material Application Rates................................................................................................... 5-6
    5.4.3   Sand/Salt Blends .................................................................................................................. 5-6
    5.4.4   Material Storage / Handling ................................................................................................. 5-7
    5.4.5   Good Housekeeping Practices for Maintenance Yards ........................................................ 5-7
  5.5 STORM RESPONSE ........................................................................................................................ 5-8
    5.5.1   Weather Forecasting............................................................................................................. 5-8
    5.5.2   Decision-Making Support Technology ................................................................................ 5-8
    5.5.3   Storm Response Approaches ................................................................................................ 5-9
    5.5.4   Winter Road Patrol ............................................................................................................... 5-9
    5.5.5   Drift Control ....................................................................................................................... 5-10
  5.6 SNOW AND ICE CONTROL TRAINING ......................................................................................... 5-10
  5.7 SNOW REMOVAL AND DISPOSAL ............................................................................................... 5-11
  5.8 TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER REVIEW ............................................................................................ 5-11
  5.9 COMMUNICATIONS .................................................................................................................... 5-11
  5.10    SALT VULNERABLE AREAS .................................................................................................... 5-12
  5.11    RECORD KEEPING .................................................................................................................. 5-12
  5.12    MONITORING PROGRAM ........................................................................................................ 5-13
  5.13    EMERGENCY RESPONSE PROGRAM ........................................................................................ 5-13




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                                                                                     SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                                 2005 Update
APPENDICES

  Appendix A         Winter Control Service Level Policy &
                     Recommended Winter Control Procedures .............................................................. A-2

  Appendix B         Application Rate Tables ........................................................................................... B-2




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INTRODUCTION
                                                                   SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                               2005 Update


1.0      INTRODUCTION

1.1      Overview
         The City of Windsor has 2,323 lane km of roadway within the framework of a classification
         system, which provide for the safe, efficient and affordable means of surface transportation for
         road users. People rely on our roadway network throughout the year for transport to the
         workplace, to recreation and leisure facilities, for the transport of goods and services, and for
         emergency and security services.

         Snow and ice conditions on the road system have a dramatic impact on public safety, roadway
         capacity, travel time and economic costs. User safety remains the most important priority within
         winter maintenance operations, practices and strategies contained in this Salt Management Plan.

         Although there is ongoing research into the use of alternatives to road salt in winter maintenance,
         salt continues to be a cost-effective de-icer. However, because of the adverse effects that salt has
         on the environment, the Salt Management Plan strives to minimize the amount of salt entering the
         environment by including best salt management practices, and using new technologies to ensure
         its most effective use over the road system. At the same time, the City of Windsor will continue
         to search out and use viable and cost-effective new technologies and chemicals to reduce the
         environmental impacts of winter maintenance activities.

         In 2001, Environment Canada released an assessment report stating that          Health Canada
         road salts are entering the environment in large amounts and are posing      stated that road salts
         a risk to plants, animals, birds, fish, lake and stream ecosystems and         are not harmful to
         groundwater.      Based on the assessment, Environment Canada                    human health.
         determined that a strategy was required to manage the release of road
         salt into the environment. Environment Canada stated that this management strategy would not
         include a ban on road salts, but rather will encourage users to develop their own salt management
         strategy. It must be noted that Health Canada stated that road salts are not harmful to
         humans.

         In 2004, Environment Canada released a “Code of Practice for the Environmental Management of
         Road Salts”. Road salt users, that meet the minimum requirements of the Code of Practice, have
         to prepare a Salt Management Plan in accordance with the Code of Practice to better manage their
         road salt use and report their progress. The City of Windsor prepared a Salt Management Plan in
         2005.

         The City of Windsor has updated their Salt Management Plan to ensure it is in accordance with
         Environment Canada’s Code of Practice for the Environmental Management of Road Salts. This
         update will continue to address growing concerns about the effect road salt is having on our
         natural environment and at the same time continue to provide for road safety by better managing
         our use of salt.




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                                                                   SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                               2005 Update

1.2      Purpose of the Plan and Update
         This Plan is intended to set out a policy and procedural framework for ensuring that the City of
         Windsor continuously improves the management of road salt used in its winter maintenance
         operations. The Plan demonstrates the Windsor’s commitment to reducing the environmental
         effects of excessive salt use, consistent with Environment Canada’s stated objectives.

         Any modifications to winter maintenance activities must be carried out in a way that provides
         roadway safety and user mobility consistent with the weather conditions experienced during the
         snow and ice control season.

         This Plan is dynamic – allowing the City of Windsor to phase in new approaches and
         technologies in a way that is responsive to fiscal demands and the needs to ensure that roadway
         safety is not compromised.


1.3      Legislative Authority
         The policies presented in this Plan are consistent with fulfilling the City of Windsor’s mandate
         under provincial and federal salt management recommendations.


1.4      The City of Windsor’s Vision Statement and Action Strategies
         Vision Statement

         "Windsor, Canada's southernmost city and international gateway, is a diverse community
         of safe, caring neighbourhoods, with a vibrant economy and a healthy, sustainable
         environment.

              Our Vision: Our Future, the City of Windsor Community Strategic Plan, 1996

         Action Strategies

         The City's commitment to the vision is reflected in an action strategy centered around four
         interrelated themes:

            * Safe, Caring and Diverse Community
            * Vibrant Economy
            * Sustainable, Healthy Environment
            * Responsive, Effective Local Government




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                                                                   SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                               2005 Update

1.5      Format of the Plan
         Chapter 2.0 of this Plan presents the Policy Direction approved by City Council.

         Chapter 3.0 of this Plan presents the Winter Maintenance Policies that are relevant to salt
         management.

         Chapter 4.0 of this Plan presents the summaries of Operational Practices and Strategies for Snow
         and Ice Control as they relate to the effective management of road salt. This chapter is presented
         as a series of sub-sections that can be modified as new policies, procedures and practices are
         introduced and refined.

         Chapter 5.0 of this Plan presents the approach to monitoring the implementation of the Plan and
         to maintaining and updating the Plan.


1.6      Responsibilities
         Executive Director, Operations – Has corporate responsibility for Windsor’s Salt Management
         Plan.

         Maintenance Manager – Responsible for ensuring that the Salt Management Plan is developed,
         maintained, and implemented consistently across the City of Windsor. Responsible for
         overseeing the maintenance and upgrading of the winter maintenance facilities in compliance
         with the Salt Management Plan.

         Fleet Manager – Responsible for purchasing, maintaining and calibrating the winter maintenance
         fleet in compliance with the Salt Management Plan.

         Coordinator/Supervisor/Foreman – Responsible for ensuring that winter maintenance activities
         are carried out in compliance with the Salt Management Plan.

         Winter Maintenance Personnel – Responsible for ensuring that they carry out their winter
         maintenance duties in accordance with the policies and procedures set out in the Salt
         Management Plan as directed by their manager.

         Technical Support Manager – Responsible for assisting in the development of methods to
         compile performance measures in compliance with the Salt Management Plan.




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POLICY
                                                                     SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                 2005 Update

2.0      POLICY CONTEXT

2.1      The City of Windsor’s Environmental Policy
         The City of Windsor’s goal is to become a leader in municipal environmental performance in the
         delivery of our municipal services. The City of Windsor will sustain and protect its human
         community and natural environment.


2.2      The City of Windsor’s Winter Maintenance Operations Policy
         The City of Windsor will provide efficient and effective winter maintenance to ensure the safety
         of users of the municipal road network in keeping with applicable provincial legislation and
         accepted standards while striving to minimize adverse impacts to the environment. These
         commitments will be met by:
              adhering to the procedures contained within the Salt Management Plan;
              reviewing and upgrading the Salt Management Plan on an annual basis to incorporate
                 new technologies and new developments;
              committing to ongoing winter maintenance staff training and education; and
              monitoring on an annual basis, the present conditions of the winter maintenance program,
                 as well as the effectiveness of the Salt Management Plan.


2.3      Salt Management Policy
         Within the City of Windsor’s overall policy context, the following is the Windsor’s policy on the
         use and management of road salt.

             To comply with all applicable federal and provincial legislation regarding the storage and use
              of snow and ice control products.

             To use road salt in an environmentally responsible manner, and minimize the negative
              environmental effects of handling, storage and application of salt on the environment.

             In providing the stated Level of Service, the City of Windsor will conserve the use of salt by
              utilizing cost-effective technologies and practices.

2.3.1 Salt Management Principles
         1. Road safety is a top priority for the City of Windsor.

         2. The use of road salt is essential to maintaining roadway safety during the snow and ice
            control season.


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                                                                 SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                             2005 Update
         3. The City of Windsor will strive to reduce the amount of salt released to the environment
            through effective salt management practices.

         4. The City of Windsor will show leadership locally, provincially and nationally in the area of
            road salt management by leading by example and sharing their knowledge and experiences
            with others.

         5. This Salt Management Plan will be updated regularly.

         6. The City of Windsor will provide the necessary training and encouragement to its winter
            maintenance personnel to allow them to be fully contributing partners in achieving an
            environmentally sound and safe winter maintenance program.

         7. Performance will be measured and reported through appropriate public reporting vehicles.

2.3.2 Implementation Guidelines
         This Salt Management Plan was developed in accordance with the following policy directions:

         General:
          Salt Management Plans will embrace the concepts set out in the Salt Management Guide
            (TAC, 1999) and Syntheses of Best Practices (TAC, 2003) prepared by the Transportation
            Association of Canada and subsequent revisions, and Codes of Practice issued by
            Environment Canada.

         On-roadway Use:
          The City of Windsor will operate in accordance with clearly stated and documented level of
             service policies that promote safety and efficient salt use;
          The City of Windsor will give a priority to salt vulnerable areas when implementing
             strategies for reducing salt impacts;
          The City of Windsor will apply salt at rates that are consistent with best salt management
             practices; and
          The City of Windsor will improve the efficiency of salt usage through better use of
             technology and application equipment.

         Sand and Salt Storage:
           The City of Windsor will review current storage practices for salt and develop and
             implement strategies for cleaning up existing sites and minimizing salt loss to the
             environment from future operations.

         Snow Storage & Disposal:
           The City of Windsor will carry out environmental reviews of snow storage areas to improve
            site selection and management of practices that impact the environment, including site
            drainage; and
           The City of Windsor will manage its snow disposal sites in a way that minimizes impacts to
            the environment.


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                                                                 SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                             2005 Update
         Training:
          The City of Windsor will implement effective employee training and awareness for
             supervisors and operators.

         Decision-Support:
          The City of Windsor will improve snow and ice control decision-making by increasing staff
             focus on pavement temperatures; and
          The City of Windsor will improve its ability to monitor and interpret weather forecasts.

         Record Keeping:
          The City of Windsor will improve record keeping to enable better tracking of salt use and
            salt-related impacts; and
          The City of Windsor will develop salt management performance criteria and related
            monitoring program. These will be integrated into any national salt management reporting
            program developed by Environment Canada.


2.4      Application
         This policy was adopted by City Council on <<Insert approval date>> and applies to all
         employees and contractors involved in Winter Maintenance Operations for the City of Windsor.


2.5      Implementation
         This Salt Management Plan is activity based and follows an Environmental Management System
         framework. It includes the following elements:
                  Periodic review and analysis of industry practices
                  Implementation and documentation of the Plan
                  Education and training of staff
                  Monitoring and analysis of operations
                  Management review and revisions
                  Environmental review
                  Policy and practices revision

         The implementation and improvement of this Salt Management Plan will promote the continuous
         development of practices and procedures to improve winter maintenance activities and
         procedures while striving to reduce the effects of road salt on our environment. The Plan is a
         dynamic document. It will be reviewed and refined on an on-going basis and embraced at all
         levels of the organization. All personnel are responsible for ensuring that this Plan is
         implemented, monitored, improved and updated.

         Managers are encouraged to negotiate adoption of the policies and procedures in this Plan by
         other parties involved in snow and ice control activities including:
                  private operators; and
                  general contractors.

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     WINTER
MAINTENANCE
  STANDARDS
                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update

3.0      WINTER MAINTENANCE STANDARDS

3.1      Introduction
         This chapter documents the City’s snow and ice control standards.

         The major activities related to winter maintenance are:
             salt and sand storage;
             salt spreading;
             snow plowing; and
             snow removal and disposal.


3.2      Level of Service Policy
         The City’s Road system is divided into seven (7) road classifications to differentiate between
         each type of roads intended use and function with the overall transportation network. These
         classifications are consistent with the Official Plan Section 7.2.5 ‘Road Network Policies’. For
         Winter Maintenance Standards, these classifications are used to define a specific Level of Service
         and/or Minimum Standard for each specific classification of road. See Appendix ‘A’ for a copy
         of the City’s Level of Service document.

         The City of Windsor’s road system is made up of the following:

                              PAVED – URBAN
                            (Centerline Kilometers)
                   Controlled Access Highways                 45
                   Class I – Arterial Road                    13
                   Class II – Arterial Road                  128
                   Scenic Parkway                             16
                   Class I – Collector Road                   95
                   Class II – Collector Road                  69
                   Local Road                                684

         The Level of Service policy for the City of Windsor currently meets or exceeds the Minimum
         Maintenance Standards for Municipal Highways (MMSMH) specified in the Ontario Regulation
         239/02, Municipal Act, 2001, for snow accumulation and icy roads. The City’s winter
         maintenance season commences November 15 and is completed March 30.


3.3      Material Application Rates
3.3.1 Salt
         The City currently applies salt at rates of 136 and 182 kg / 2 lane km. A third setting of 225 kg /
         2 lane km is available if needed. The City has recently started on-board pre-wetting some of the
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                                                                            SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                        2005 Update
             applied salt. Table B.1 in Appendix B presents a summary of the current application rates for salt
             for various conditions requiring snow or ice control that occur within the City. As application
             rates are refined and the use of pre-wetting1 and anti-icing2 technology increases additional rates
             will be added to the table.

             Operators have limited flexibility to adjust the settings to accommodate specific conditions. For
             example, applications rates may be reduced for black ice and frost conditions and increased on
             steep grades.

3.3.2 Abrasives
             The City does not stockpile or apply winter maintenance abrasives (blended sand).

3.3.3 Liquids
             The City recently introduced the use of liquids for pre-wetting and anti-icing (direct liquid
             application). As experience with liquids increases liquid application rates will be set and
             summarized in Table B.2 in Appendix B.


3.4          Snow Removal, Storage and Disposal
             As a result of snow plowing operations, snow accumulates at the side of roads as windrows. In
             most cases this is not a concern. However in some locations where snow storage is a problem,
             the accumulated snow must be removed. Snow removal operations are started when windrows
             reach volumes that create a nuisance or hazard to pedestrians and motorists, or to maintain
             capacity for subsequent snowfalls. Snow disposal must be handled properly to ensure that the
             operations do not cause adverse effects to the environment.

             Currently, City staff removes and hauls snow to 2 sites when the resultant accumulation of piled
             snow impedes traffic within the business districts of the City.

             Site #1 – Ford Test Track
             The site is not paved and the meltwater drains to stormsewers. The site is surrounded by roads,
             residences and a park.

             Site #2 – Caron Ave.
             The site is paved and the meltwater drains to combined sewers. The site is surrounded by roads
             and a park.


1/
   Pre-wetting is the application of a liquid to a solid material just prior to application to the road surface. Applying a
    liquid to the solid material helps the solid material “stick” to the road surface and not bounce away onto the
    shoulder. Liquid applied to a solid chemical also begins the process of brine formation and allows the chemical
    to act quicker.
2/
   Anti-icing is a proactive snow and ice control strategy whereby straight brine is sprayed directly on the road in
    advance of a storm. The term can also refer to early application of chemical in any form early in a storm to
    prevent the formation of the snow/road bond.
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                                                                     SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                 2005 Update
         In the spring, litter and debris are collected for disposal from the snow disposal sites.


3.5      Sidewalks and Intersection Corners
         Property owners in the City are responsible for clearing the sidewalks abutting their properties.
         City staff clear sidewalks abutting City property. Snow is also cleared during the normal
         workday from overpasses and underpasses and from intersection corners in all other business
         areas when City staff is available.




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OPERATIONAL
 PRACTICES &
  STRATEGIES
                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update

4.0      OPERATIONAL PRACTICES AND STRATEGIES

4.1      Overview
         This chapter of the Plan presents a discussion of each of the key operational practices and
         strategies related to the effective management of road salt during winter maintenance activities.

         Each subsection has a summary that presents a discussion of the objectives, environmental
         considerations, current situation, best practices, action plan, responsibilities, performance
         measures and references (documents or tables). Table 4.1.1 explains the intent of each category.

         It is important to recognize that the Plan is dynamic and will take time to implement. Therefore,
         the purpose of this section is to establish the goals (Salt Management Best Practices) of the Plan
         and a strategy (action plan) for achieving these goals.


TABLE 4.1.1

                                                       SUBJECT
  OBJECTIVE                        This section states the salt management objective that is to be achieved.
  ENVIRONMENTAL                    It is important that people understand the rationale behind the need to make
  CONSIDERATION                    changes. This section identifies briefly the environmental considerations
                                   that make it important to address the subject area.
  CURRENT                          This section identifies the status of the subject area at the time of initial
  SITUATION                        implementation of the Plan or following any update of the Plan.
  BEST PRACTICE                    This section identifies the Best Practices for each subject area.
  ACTION PLAN                      ACTION                                             DATE         WHO
                                   Planned actions to address the gaps.               Target       Who has
                                                                                      date         responsibility
                                   Continuation of current best practices.            Ongoing      to take the
                                                                                                   action
  IMPLEMENTATION                   Explanation of reasoning behind the goals and timetable factoring in
  CONSIDERATIONS                   resource issues. Also consider opportunities such as partnerships.
  PERFORMANCE                      It is important to monitor and measure the progress of implementing each
  MEASURE                          element of the salt management Plan. This section will establish the criteria
                                   for measuring performance. There should be a performance criterion for
                                   each goal.
  REFERENCES                       This section identifies any reference documents or tables related to this
                                   element of the Plan or that provide more detailed direction regarding
                                   implementation of the salt management strategy.




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                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update


4.2      Management Practices
4.2.1 Level of Service

                                                LEVEL OF SERVICE
 OBJECTIVE                        To ensure that the Level of Service (LOS) policy is reviewed and that any
                                  revisions are approved by senior management and communicated to winter
                                  maintenance personnel. The LOS policy must be clear, functional and
                                  understandable to operations personnel and the layperson (e.g. public and
                                  politicians). It should make it clear what is to be achieved and what will not
                                  be achieved (e.g. there may not be continuous bare pavement conditions
                                  throughout a storm).
                                      Typically the LOS policy will explain the intended:
                                        Initial response time;
                                        Cycle frequency; and
                                        End of storm condition.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                    The prescribed level of service is the foundation for the winter maintenance
 CONSIDERATION                    program and has a significant impact on salt used to achieve the standard. It
                                  is also very important in being able to demonstrate due diligence in the event
                                  of a claim against the road authority.
 CURRENT                           Each road in the City’s network has been assigned to one of seven
 SITUATION                            classes of road.
                                   The City’s “Winter Control Service Level Policy” details the Level of
                                      Service for the City’s Winter Maintenance Operations. Documented
                                      “Winter Control Procedures” also exist (see Appendix A).
                                   The Level of Service policy for the City currently meets or exceeds the
                                      Minimum Maintenance Standards for Municipal Highways (MMSMH)
                                      specified in the Ontario Regulation 239/02, Municipal Act, 2001, for
                                      snow accumulation and icy roads.
                                   The winter maintenance season commences November 15 and is
                                      completed March 30.
 BEST PRACTICE                    A documented and approved LOS policy exists and is followed by all snow
                                  and ice control personnel that includes:
                                        Response requirements;
                                        Cycle time requirements; and
                                        End of storm condition.
 ACTION PLAN                                        Action                       Date              Who
                                   Review the LOS policy and Winter 2005                  Manager,
                                      Control Procedures and update as                     Maintenance
                                      needed.
                                   Consider the potential impacts of Ongoing Manager,
                                      introducing new technologies.                        Maintenance
                                   Obtain management and Council When                     Manager,
                                      endorsement of the revised LOS and      revised      Maintenance
                                      Procedures.

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                                                                      SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                  2005 Update
 ACTION PLAN                       Implement the revised policy.          Ongoing     Manager,
 (continued)                                                                           Maintenance
                                   Inform staff, management and the Ongoing           Manager,
                                      public on the intentions and                     Maintenance
                                      expectations in service delivery.
                                   Monitor and report on compliance Ongoing Manager,
                                      with the LOS policy annually.                      Maintenance
 IMPLEMENTATION                   Changes in LOS expectations will impact the cost of service. For example,
 CONSIDERATIONS                   if you increase the cycle time, you may decrease the equipment needs, which
                                  reduces cost.
 PERFORMANCE                       Completion of a revised LOS policy and Procedures.
 MEASURE                           Presence of a written LOS policy and Procedures that have been
                                      endorsed by senior staff and Council.
                                   Compliance with the LOS policy and Procedures throughout the
                                      organization.
 REFERENCE                        Refer to LOS, Winter Control Procedures and Application Rate Policies.


4.3      Equipment
         Good salt management is dependent upon having equipment that permits operators to place:

                  the right material;
                  at the right time;
                  at the right amount;
                  in the right place; and
                  keep it there long enough to do the job.

         Proper equipment is also important for tracking salt usage and being able to measure progress in
         reducing excessive salt use.

         Effective annual calibration along with ongoing monitoring and recalibration are important
         equipment maintenance practices.

         Technologies such as ground-speed oriented electronic controllers with data loggers and variable
         spreader settings can improve salt use. Techniques such as pre-wetting and anti-icing are also
         proven methods for reducing salt use.

         Spreaders need to be washed to prevent corrosion.             However, improper management of
         washwater can lead to environmental impacts.

         The following action plans relate to fleet allocation, upgrading and maintenance.




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                                                                      SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                  2005 Update

4.3.1 Fleet Allocation/Optimization

                                           Fleet Allocation/Optimization
 OBJECTIVE                        To optimize the use of spreaders and plows by efficient routing in
                                  accordance with the LOS expectations.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                    Duplication of service due to inefficient routes leads to redundant salt use
 CONSIDERATION                    and premature plowing of previously salted roads.
 CURRENT                           The City’s Winter Control Operations are comprised of a total of 21
 SITUATION                           salter/plow units covering 21 designated winter control routes.
                                   Of the 21 routes, 17 routes are serviced by contract vehicles and the
                                     remaining 4 routes are serviced by City forces.
                                   Computerized winter maintenance route optimization has been done for
                                     the City.
                                   Staff has reviewed routes and the equipment will be placed on the most
                                     appropriate routes.
 BEST PRACTICE                     Routes are periodically reviewed to ensure that equipment is allocated
                                     for optimal snow and ice control and salt use.
 ACTION PLAN                                       Action                      Date              Who
                                   As       new       technologies     are Ongoing Manager,
                                     implemented, LOS is changed, new                   Maintenance
                                     development is added or road
                                     priorities      adjusted,     affected
                                     spreader, plow and anti-icing routes
                                     will be reviewed.
                                   Review and implement the new 2006                   Manager,
                                     optimized routes.                                  Maintenance
 IMPLEMENTATION                    The timing of implementing route optimization is contingent upon the
 CONSIDERATIONS                      availability of equipment and staff.
                                   There will be costs associated with acquiring new equipment.
                                   There will be facility implications.
                                   The City will reassign Winter Maintenance Personnel including
                                     contractors as required.
                                   There is an ongoing need for route refinements.
 PERFORMANCE                       Implementation of new optimized routes.
 MEASURE                           Achievement of the LOS for each type of road.
 REFERENCE




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                                                                         SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                     2005 Update

4.3.2 Fleet Upgrading
                                      ELECTRONIC SPREADER CONTROLS
    OBJECTIVE                       To equip all spreaders with electronic spreader controls that can be
                                    accurately calibrated, regulated to ground speed and will generate pertinent
                                    salt-use data.
    ENVIRONMENTAL                   Electronic controllers ensure that the chosen and prescribed amount of salt is
    CONSIDERATION                   being placed on the roadway consistently, regardless of speed and provides
                                    data that permits salt use to be tracked.
    CURRENT                          The City has 4 City owned units and 17 contractor units to plow and
    SITUATION                           apply salt.
                                     21 of the 21 units (100%) have electronic controllers.
                                     The data will be retrieved from the electronic controllers at the end of
                                        each event.
                                     The City is planning on installing an AVL/GPS3 system on all of the
                                        winter maintenance vehicles for the 2005/2006 season.
    BEST PRACTICE                    All equipment used to spread winter control materials (solid and liquid)
                                        is outfitted with groundspeed regulated electronic controllers with data
                                        loggers, downloading capabilities and the ability to communicate with
                                        AVL/GPS3 equipment.
                                     Material application data from each event, at the truck or route level, is
                                        logged, retrieved, reviewed and archived.
    ACTION PLAN                                           Action                          Date         Who
                                     All units (City owned and contracted) used 2005              Manager,
                                        to apply salt and liquids shall have                       Maintenance
                                        electronic controllers with data storage and
                                        retrieval capabilities.
                                     Data from the electronic controllers will be Ongoing         Supervisor
                                        retrieved on a regular basis, reviewed and
                                        archived.
                                     Implement an AVL/GPS3 system on all 2005                     Manager,
                                        winter maintenance vehicles and integrate it               Maintenance
                                        with the electronic controllers.
    IMPLEMENTATION                   Where possible move towards consistency within the fleet. Recognize
    CONSIDERATIONS                      that some variability will always exist between new and older equipment
                                        and future technological improvements.
                                     Budget constraints and delivery schedules for new equipment will affect
                                        the pace of the fleet upgrades.
    PERFORMANCE                      Percentage of City owned and contractor units with electronic
    MEASURE                             controllers.
                                     Percentage of City owned and contractor units with an AVL/GPS3
                                        system.
    REFERENCE


3
    Automated Vehicle Locating system using the Global Positioning System.
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                                                                      SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                  2005 Update




                              PRE-WETTING AND ANTI-ICING EQUIPMENT
 OBJECTIVE                      To improve the effectiveness of salt applied to roadways through the use of
                                pre-wetting of sand and/or salt, and anti-icing techniques.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                  Pre-wetting of materials helps to keep the material on the roadway by
 CONSIDERATION                  reducing bounce and blowing and activates the salt more quickly. Studies
                                show that the actual amount of rock salt applied can be reduced when pre-
                                wetting and that pre-wetted abrasives will stay on the road longer to provide
                                traction. Significant reductions in salt use can also be achieved through the
                                use of liquid anti-icing – especially during the fall and spring for frost and
                                black-ice conditions.
 CURRENT                         The City has 4 City owned units and 17 contractor units to plow and
 SITUATION                          apply salt.
                                 2 of the 21 units (10%) have on-board pre-wetting capabilities.
                                 The City uses 1 contracted and one City unit for direct liquid
                                    applications.
 BEST PRACTICE                   An optimum number of spreaders have on-board pre-wetting capabilities.
                                 Secure liquid supplies are available.
                                 Anti-icing is carried out where warranted.
                                 Fixed Automated Spray Technology (FAST) systems are used where
                                    cost-effective.
                                 Staff is knowledgeable in the use and handling of liquids.
 ACTION PLAN                                          Action                           Date          Who
                                 Assess and review the results of pre-wetting Ongoing          Manager,
                                    and anti-icing experience to-date (in-house                 Maintenance
                                    and other jurisdictions).
                                 Ensure staff is knowledgeable in liquid use Ongoing           Manager,
                                    and handling.                                               Maintenance
                                 Ensure that all new equipment used to apply 2006              Manager,
                                    salt has on-board pre-wetting capabilities.                 Maintenance
                                 Develop a pre-wetting guideline that 2006                     Manager,
                                    addresses preferred application rates and                   Maintenance
                                    expected performance on the road.
                                 Identify areas that have a liquid anti-icing 2005             Manager,
                                    priority and integrate this into the equipment              Maintenance
                                    plan.
                                 Develop an anti-icing (direct liquid 2006                     Manager,
                                    application) guideline that addresses                       Maintenance
                                    preferred application rates and expected
                                    performance on the road.




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                                                                      SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                  2005 Update
 IMPLEMENTATION                    Where possible move towards consistency within the fleet. Recognize
 CONSIDERATIONS                     that some variability will always exist between new and older equipment
                                    and future technological improvements.
                                   Budget constraints and delivery schedules for new equipment will affect
                                    the pace of the fleet upgrades.
 PERFORMANCE                       Percentage of spreaders with pre-wetting and anti-icing capabilities.
 MEASURE                           Number of kilometres subjected to anti-icing.
                                   Development of pre-wetting and anti-icing guidelines.
                                   Percentage of staff knowledgeable in liquid use and handling.
 REFERENCE




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                                                                      SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                  2005 Update

4.3.3 Equipment Maintenance and Calibration

                                           SPREADER CALIBRATION
 OBJECTIVE                        To ensure that equipment is properly calibrated at the beginning of the snow
                                  and ice control season and that the calibration is checked and maintained
                                  during with winter.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                    Effective placement of salt depends on accurate calibration of spreaders.
 CONSIDERATION
 CURRENT                          The City is responsible for ensuring the equipment is calibrated properly.
 SITUATION                        Calibration of City owned equipment is completed by the end of October
                                   each year and monitored throughout the season.
                                  City is responsible ensuring that contractor spreaders are calibrated.
                                  Calibration is done following the equipment manufacturer’s procedures.
 BEST PRACTICE                    All spreaders are calibrated before the start of each season and checked
                                   and recalibrated whenever they go out of calibration.
 ACTION PLAN                                         Action                           Date           Who
                                  All equipment used to apply material will be Ongoing          Manager,
                                   properly calibrated (including material rate                  Maintenance
                                   of application) prior to each season.
                                  A calibration history for all spreaders will be Ongoing       Manager,
                                   maintained and reviewed annually.                             Maintenance
                                  The calibration of contracted equipment Semi-                 Manager,
                                   shall be verified to ensure calibration is Annually Maintenance
                                   adequate and standard procedures have been
                                   followed by the start of each season.
                                  Benchmark all routes (determine the 2006                      Manager,
                                   quantity of material applied at a given                       Maintenance
                                   application rate) to ensure that the correct
                                   amount of material is being applied.
                                   Material applied will be periodically
                                   checked against the benchmark to verify
                                   calibration.     Equipment would then be
                                   recalibrated as required.
                                  Equipment will be recalibrated after any Ongoing              Manager,
                                   repair that affects the material delivery                     Maintenance
                                   system.
 IMPLEMENTATION                   There are limitations to the calibration process, which introduce minor
 CONSIDERATIONS                    errors.
                                  The calibration procedure should identify when a calibration review will
                                   occur.
                                  It is important to acknowledge that a degree of tolerance is acceptable.
                                  Staff availability, weather and seasonal changeovers can affect
                                   calibration schedules.
 PERFORMANCE                      Percentage of spreaders calibrated prior to each winter season
 MEASURE                          Number of re-calibrations carried out during each winter
 REFERENCE
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                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update


4.3.4 Equipment Washing

                                              EQUIPMENT WASHING
 OBJECTIVE                        To ensure that equipment washwater is managed in a way that minimizes
                                  discharges to the environment.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                    It is not possible to contain the chlorides unless collected in a tank. Vehicle
 CONSIDERATION                    washwater contains de-icing chemicals, oil, grease and grit. If allowed to
                                  discharge to ditches or within the yards and camps these contaminants can
                                  have adverse effects on the environment.
 CURRENT                           Spreaders are generally washed after each storm as time permits.
 SITUATION                         Vehicle washing is carried out indoors at one yard and outside at the
                                       other yard.
                                   For indoor washing the washwater is directed through an oil/grit/water
                                       separator and discharged to the storm sewer.
                                   For outdoor washing the washwater drains away overland to the storm
                                       stormsewer.
 BEST PRACTICE                     Washwater is collected and sent for proper disposal where possible.
                                   Washwater is sent to municipal treatment where possible.
 ACTION PLAN                                             Action                           Date          Who
                                   Develop a policy on the management of 2006                      Managers,
                                       washwater.                                                   Maintenance
                                                                                                    /Technical
                                                                                                    Support
 IMPLEMENTATION                    Containment and disposal has a cost.
 CONSIDERATIONS                    Contaminant levels may prohibit use in brine production.
 PERFORMANCE                       Development and implementation of a washwater management policy.
 MEASURE                           Percentage of sites with washwater management facilities that are
                                       consistent with the policy.
 REFERENCE




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                                                                      SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                  2005 Update


4.4      Materials
4.4.1 Material Ordering, and Delivery

                                  MATERIAL ORDERING AND DELIVERY
 OBJECTIVE                       To ensure that the quality of the snow and ice control materials delivered is
                                 sufficient for winter maintenance needs.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                   Improper handling and storage of salt and treated sand can increase loss to
 CONSIDERATION                   the environment. Excessive moisture creates clumping of the salt making
                                 salt difficult to use. Excessive moisture also interferes with the success of
                                 pre-treatment operations.
 CURRENT                          The City has specifications for salt.
 SITUATION                        The City has specifications for liquids.
                                  Test procedures are in place to ensure quality material is delivered.
                                  Liquid storage area does not have secondary spill containment.
                                  Bulk salt is delivered and unloaded outdoors and then moved inside.
 BEST PRACTICE                    Materials are tested, delivered and stored in a way that ensures they meet
                                     the specifications and are covered immediately upon delivery.
 ACTION PLAN                                           Action                          Date          Who
                                  Review and update material specifications in As               Maintenance
                                     light of potential changes in material required             Manager &
                                     ordered, storage facilities and application                 Coordinator
                                     technologies.                                               Maintenance
                                  Ensure delivered bulk material is tested Ongoing              Coordinator
                                     periodically and meets the specifications.                  Maintenance
                                  Cover all salt as soon as possible following Ongoing          Supervisors
                                     delivery.
 IMPLEMENTATION                   Have a contingency plan for when salt cannot be placed under cover
 CONSIDERATIONS                      immediately.
 PERFORMANCE                      Summary of quality tests for salt and brine.
 MEASURE                          Percentage of deliveries that do not meet specifications.
                                  Number of salt deliveries that are stored outside for more than 1 day.
 REFERENCE




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                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update

4.4.2 Material Application Rates

                                      MATERIAL APPLICATION RATES
 OBJECTIVE                       To optimize the amount of chemical, liquid and sand used in winter
                                 maintenance operations.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                   Any opportunity to reduce the amount of salt used will reduce the amount of
 CONSIDERATION                   salt entering the environment, provided that road safety is not compromised.
 CURRENT                          Salt application rates have been set and documented.
 SITUATION                        Application rates are adjusted according to air temperatures.
                                  Liquid application rates for pre-wetting and anti-icing are under
                                     development and have not been documented as yet.
 BEST PRACTICE                    Application rates for all materials are specified and documented.
                                  Application rates are adjusted for pavement temperatures and
                                     precipitation types.
                                  Application rates are reviewed and adjusted, as new technologies and
                                     information become available.
 ACTION PLAN                                          Action                            Date          Who
                                  Review and update the documented                  2006          Maintenance
                                     application rates for salt. Consider reducing                 Manager &
                                     or eliminating the high application rate for                  Coordinator
                                     salt.                                                         Maintenance
                                  Ensure application rates are adjusted for         2006          Maintenance
                                     pavement temperatures and precipitation                       Manager &
                                     types.                                                        Coordinator
                                                                                                   Maintenance
                                  As new technologies and materials are As                        Maintenance
                                     introduced and experience grows review and      Required Manager &
                                     update the material application rates.                        Coordinator
                                                                                                   Maintenance
                                  Develop and document liquid application 2006                    Maintenance
                                     rates.                                                        Manager &
                                                                                                   Coordinator
                                                                                                   Maintenance
                                  All operators shall be knowledgeable in the Ongoing             Maintenance
                                     approach adopted.                                             Manager &
                                                                                                   Coordinator
                                                                                                   Maintenance
 IMPLEMENTATION
 CONSIDERATIONS
 PERFORMANCE                         Salt application rates reviewed and updated.
 MEASURE                             Liquid application rates developed.
                                     Tonnes of salt applied through spreading operations.
                                     Litres of brine applied through spreading operations.
 REFERENCE


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                                                             SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                         2005 Update




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                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update

4.4.3 Sand/Salt Blends
         The City of Windsor does not stockpile or apply abrasives (sand/salt blends).

4.4.4 Material Storage / Handling

                                         SALT STORAGE / HANDLING
OBJECTIVE                        All snow and ice control chemicals shall be stored and handled inside proper
                                 storage structures so as to minimize loss of salt to the environment.
ENVIRONMENTAL                    If not properly stored, de-icing chemicals can be lost to the environment in
CONSIDERATION                    large quantities because of exposure to precipitation and wind. This loss can
                                 be costly due to the actual loss of salt, and can lead to environmental damage.
CURRENT                           All salt is stored indoors in domes with asphalt pads and door overhangs.
SITUATION                         Delivered salt is unloaded outdoors and loaded into the storage facilities.
                                  The spreaders are loaded outside on a paved surface.
                                  The yard drainage at both yards is directed to the storm sewer.
BEST PRACTICE                     100% of salt is stored indoors on impermeable floors immediately upon
                                     delivery to the site.
                                  Storage structures are properly maintained to control loss of salt through
                                     the floors.
                                  Storage structures have doors or overhangs to minimize precipitation
                                     entering the structure.
                                  Storage facilities are large enough to provide for indoor unloading of
                                     materials and loading of spreaders.
                                  Outdoor salt handling areas are paved.
                                  Salt impacted site drainage is collected and used in brine production or
                                     sent for disposal.
                                  Materials are reconciled at the end of the year.
ACTION PLAN                                            Action                             Date          Who
                                  All salt will be stored indoors on an               Ongoing     Manager,
                                     impermeable pad not exposed to the                            Maintenance
                                     elements.
                                  Any new salt storage facilities will be Ongoing                 Manager,
                                     designed with regard to the principles set out                Maintenance
                                     in TAC’s Syntheses of Best Practices Road
                                     Salt Management.
                                  The data from the electronic controllers will Ongoing           Coordinators/
                                     be retrieved, reviewed and archived after                     Maintenance/
                                     each event.                                                   Contracts
                                                                                                   Supervisors
                                  All salt storage facilities shall have drainage 2007            Manager,
                                     water management systems.                                     Maintenance




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                                                                      SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                  2005 Update
IMPLEMENTATION                    The timing for the installation of the drainage water management systems
CONSIDERATIONS                      is tied to the timing of material storage upgrades.
                                  There are safety considerations related to venting structures when loading
                                    salt indoors.
                                  Yard rationalization may impact the phase-in timing.
PERFORMANCE                       Percentage of salt stored indoors on asphalt pads.
MEASURE                           Number of new storage facilities designed with regard to the principles
                                    set out in TAC’s Syntheses of Best Practices Road Salt Management -
                                    Design and Operation of Road Maintenance Yards.
                                  Percentage of salt storage facilities that have drainage water management
                                    systems.
REFERENCE                        TAC’s Syntheses of Best Practices Road Salt Management - Design and
                                 Operation of Road Maintenance Yards




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                                                                      SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                  2005 Update

                                       LIQUID STORAGE / HANDLING
 OBJECTIVE                       All liquid snow and ice control chemicals shall be stored and handled inside
                                 proper storage systems so as to minimize loss of liquid to the environment.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                   If not properly stored or handled, liquid chemicals can be lost to the
 CONSIDERATION                   environment in large quantities very quickly. This loss can be costly due to
                                 the actual loss of material and the materials ability to quickly move into the
                                 environment, and can lead to environmental damage.
 CURRENT                          The liquid storage tank at the Crawford yard does not have secondary
 SITUATION                           spill containment.
                                  The outdoor liquid handling area is paved.
                                  Staff is knowledgeable in the use and handling of liquids.
 BEST PRACTICE                    Liquid storage tanks and production areas have spill containment.
                                  Outdoor liquid handling areas are paved.
                                  Salt impacted site drainage is collected and used in brine production or
                                     sent for disposal.
                                  Materials are reconciled at the end of the year.
                                  Staff is knowledgeable in the use and handling of liquids.
 ACTION PLAN                                           Action                            Date            Who
                                  Any new liquid storage facilities will be           Ongoing      Manager,
                                     designed with regard to the principles set out                 Maintenance
                                     in TAC’s Syntheses of Best Practices Road
                                     Salt Management.
                                  All liquid storage facilities shall have 2007                    Manager,
                                     secondary spill containment.                                   Maintenance
                                  Evaluate the City’s liquid needs, liquid 2006                    Maintenance
                                     usage and liquid storage requirements.                         Manager/Co
                                                                                                    ordinators/M
                                                                                                    aintenance
                                                                                                    Contracts
 IMPLEMENTATION                   Staff needs to be aware of the proper handling procedures for liquids as
 CONSIDERATIONS                      they differ significantly from traditional solid material handling.
 PERFORMANCE                      Percentage of liquids used that were stored in tanks with proper
 MEASURE                             secondary containment for spills.
                                  Number of new liquid storage facilities designed with regard to the
                                     principles set out in TAC’s Syntheses of Best Practices Road Salt
                                     Management - Design and Operation of Road Maintenance Yards.
 REFERENCE                       TAC’s Syntheses of Best Practices Road Salt Management - Design and
                                 Operation of Road Maintenance Yards.




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                                                                      SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                  2005 Update

4.4.5 Good Housekeeping Practices for Maintenance Yards

                                    GOOD HOUSEKEEPING PRACTICES
 OBJECTIVE                       To ensure that practices at salt storage and handling facilities are geared
                                 toward reducing salt loss to the environment.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                   Improper handling of salt at maintenance facilities can result in significant
 CONSIDERATION                   amounts of salt being lost to the environment. Good housekeeping practices
                                 can help to reduce this loss.
 CURRENT                          The City does not have a Good Housekeeping Policy for their yards.
 SITUATION                        Good Housekeeping Practices at each yard are managed by the Yard
                                    Supervisors.
 BEST PRACTICE                    A Good Housekeeping Policy is documented and implemented at all
                                    yards and practices are periodically audited.
 ACTION PLAN                                          Action                          Date           Who
                                  Develop Good Housekeeping Practices.            2006         Maintenance
                                    Ensure they include Salt Management Best                    Manager,
                                    Practices.                                                  Coordinator
                                                                                                Maintenance
                                                                                                & Yard
                                                                                                Supervisors
                                  Ensure staff is knowledgeable on the Good       Ongoing      Coordinator
                                    Housekeeping Practices.                                     Maintenance
                                                                                                &        Yard
                                                                                                Supervisor
                                  Conduct periodic audits of the yards to Ongoing              Maintenance
                                    ensure Good Housekeeping Practices are                      Manager &
                                    followed.                                                   Coordinator
                                                                                                Maintenance
 IMPLEMENTATION                   Without a guideline to follow, past practices may not meet expectations.
 CONSIDERATIONS
 PERFORMANCE                       A Good Housekeeping policy developed or updated.
 MEASURE                           Yard inspection report on compliance with the Good Housekeeping
                                     policy.
 REFERENCE                        TAC’s Syntheses of Best Practices Road Salt Management - Design and
                                  Operation of Road Maintenance Yards




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                                                                      SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                  2005 Update


4.5      Storm Response

4.5.1 Weather Forecasting

                                           WEATHER FORECASTING
 OBJECTIVE                       To provide timely and accurate weather information to assist in snow and ice
                                 control decision-making.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                    Effective use of chemicals is dependant upon good snow and ice control
 CONSIDERATION                    decision-making, which in turn depends on consistently accurate and timely
                                  weather information. Chemicals can be wasted if information is incorrect or
                                  suspect.
 CURRENT                          The City of Windsor supplements road patrol information with an
 SITUATION                            Advanced Weather Forecasting System (Accuweather for 2005-06
                                      Season) to determine the effective winter storm response and allocation
                                      of resources.
                                  The on-duty Supervisors also monitor websites from Environment
                                      Canada, Accuweather and others for weather forecasting and radar.
                                  Weather training has not been provided to staff.
                                  RWIS forecasts are not available to staff.
 BEST PRACTICE                    Dedicated weather forecasts are provided frequently enough during the
                                      day that decision-makers can make accurate snow and ice control
                                      decisions. Forecasts include:
                                         Air temperature forecast
                                         Type and duration of precipitation
                                         Start and end times for precipitation
                                         Dew point
                                         Wind speed and direction
                                         Cloud cover
                                  Local RADAR is monitored.
                                  Staff communicates with other snowfighters to track storms.
                                  Pavement forecasts are available from RWIS sites.
                                  Staff is knowledgeable in interpreting and using weather and pavement
                                     forecast information.
 ACTION PLAN                                          Action                           Date         Who
                                  Make arrangements to obtain appropriate Annually Manager,
                                     weather forecasts before the start of each                  Maintenance
                                     season.
                                  Ensure staff is knowledgeable in the use of Annually Maintenance
                                     weather information.                                        Manager &
                                                                                                 Coordinator
                                                                                                 Maintenance
                                  Investigate the use of technology to improve Ongoing          Manager,
                                     delivery of weather information to the                      Maintenance
                                     decision makers.

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                                                                      SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                  2005 Update
 IMPLEMENTATION                    Proactive chemical use is dependent on anticipating a “saltable event”.
 CONSIDERATIONS                    Inaccuracies are inherent in weather forecasting and a QC/QA standard is
                                    appropriate.
 PERFORMANCE                       Percentage of decision-making staff knowledgeable in interpreting
 MEASURE                            weather forecasts.
                                   Delivery of clearly formatted weather forecasts to those that need them.
                                   Accuracy of forecast to experienced weather.
 REFERENCE




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                                                             SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                         2005 Update

4.5.2 Decision-Making Support Technology

                ROAD WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEMS (RWIS)
 OBJECTIVE         To provide pavement forecast and real-time information from a network of
                   sensors to assist with snow and ice control decisions.
 ENVIRONMENTAL     Snow and ice control decisions that are based on road temperature
 CONSIDERATION     information, as well as air temperature information and precipitation
                   information are more accurate and result in better salt use.
 CURRENT            The City is investigating the possible installation of an RWIS station to
 SITUATION              be located within the City.
                    The City’s winter maintenance staff has not made use of the MTO RWIS
                        information and forecasts available from the MTO RWIS sites around
                        the City.
 BEST PRACTICE      RWIS stations are located strategically around the City to facilitate snow
                        and ice control decisions.
                    RWIS forecasts and information is available to staff making snow and
                        ice control decisions.
                    Staff is trained in the proper use of RWIS forecasts and information.
 ACTION PLAN                              Action                          Date         Who
                    Develop a RWIS strategy including access to 2006             Manager,
                       MTO sites.                                                 Maintenance
                    Provide RWIS forecasts and information to 2006               Manager,
                       staff.                                                     Maintenance
                    Ensure staff is knowledgeable in the use and 2006            Maintenance
                      interpretation of RWIS forecasts and                        Manager &
                      information.                                                Coordinator
                                                                                  Maintenance
                    Install RWIS stations in the City to 2007                    Manager,
                      supplement the existing RWIS information                    Maintenance
                      and forecasting available.
 IMPLEMENTATION     Mobile infrared thermometers validate real-time pavement temperature
 CONSIDERATIONS         trends and help track the forecast.
                    Learning curve and acceptance timeframe justify a phased
                        implementation strategy for RWIS.
                    Archiving of RWIS data helps in showing due diligence.
 PERFORMANCE        Number of RWIS sites accessed.
 MEASURE            Percentage of decision-making staff knowledgeable in interpreting RWIS
                        data and forecasts.
                    Delivery of clearly formatted pavement forecasts to those that need them
                        – four times per day between September and May of each year.
                    Accuracy of forecast-to-experienced conditions.
                    Percentage downtime of RWIS sites.
 REFERENCE



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                                                                     SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                 2005 Update


                                    INFRARED THERMOMETERS (IRT’s)
 OBJECTIVE                       To provide real-time pavement temperature trends from truck mounted
                                 pavement temperature sensors to assist with snow and ice control decisions.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                   Snow and ice control decisions that are based on road temperature
 CONSIDERATION                   information, result in better salt use. Real-time information on pavement
                                 temperature trends produce more timely decisions on when to deploy and not
                                 deploy chemicals.
 CURRENT                          The City has truck mounted IRT’s on all of their winter control
 SITUATION                            supervisor trucks.
                                  Training in the use of IRT’s has not been provided to staff.
                                  The IRT’s are relatively new and have not been checked for accuracy.
 BEST PRACTICE                    Truck mounted IRT’s are used to monitor pavement temperatures and
                                      staff uses pavement temperature information to make snow and ice
                                      control decisions.
                                  IRT’s are checked and calibrated periodically.
                                  Staff is trained in the proper mounting and use of IRT’s.
 ACTION PLAN                                           Action                         Date          Who
                                  All Supervisor vehicles shall be outfitted 2005              Maintenance
                                      with IRT’s.                                               Manager &
                                                                                                Fleet
                                                                                                Manager
                                  Ensure staff is knowledgeable in the use of 2005             Manager,
                                     IRT’s.                                                     Fleet
                                  Verify the accuracy of every IRT annually.      Annually Manager,
                                                                                                Fleet
 IMPLEMENTATION                   IRT’s are to track trends and not absolute temperatures.
 CONSIDERATIONS                   Cheaper IRT’s have higher failure rates and lower accuracy than more
                                      expensive units.
                                  IRT’s must be properly mounted to prevent erroneous readings.
 PERFORMANCE                      Percentage of supervisor vehicles with IRT’s.
 MEASURE                          Percentage of anti-icing vehicles with IRT’s.
                                  Percentage of staff knowledgeable in the proper use of IRT’s.
 REFERENCE




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                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update

4.5.3 Storm Response Approaches

                                       STORM RESPONSE APPROACHES
 OBJECTIVE                        To understand and document storm response approaches for different storm
                                  scenarios and improve upon practices.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                    Snow and ice control decisions that vary across the organization may lead to
 CONSIDERATION                    inefficiencies in some response and ultimately results in loss effectiveness of
                                  salt use.
 CURRENT                           The City has developed Recommended Winter Control Procedures (see
 SITUATION                            Appendix A).
                                   The Procedures rely heavily on salt application to control snow and ice.
                                   The Procedures have not yet been updated to include liquid applications.
                                   Supervisors make the decision for the need for a response to conditions.
 BEST PRACTICE                     A Storm Response Guide is available to help decision-makers determine
                                      how to approach typical and atypical storm scenarios.
                                   Staff is trained in the use of the Guide.
 ACTION PLAN                                            Action                          Date            Who
                                   Develop the current Procedures for dealing       2006           Maintenance
                                      with storm events into an Expert Guide to                     Manager &
                                      Snow and Ice Control that uses typical and                    Coordinator
                                      atypical storm responses. Ensure liquid use                   Maintenance
                                      is integrated into the Guide.
                                   As new technologies are introduced, review As                   Maintenance
                                      and update the Expert Guide.                   Required Manager &
                                                                                                    Coordinator
                                                                                                    Maintenance
 IMPLEMENTATION                    Local field experience is valuable and should be incorporated into the
 CONSIDERATIONS                       training process as much as possible.
 PERFORMANCE                       Development and updating of an Expert Guide to Snow and Ice Control.
 MEASURE
 REFERENCE                        FHWA, AASHTO, TAC




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                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update

4.5.4 Winter Road Patrol

                                             WINTER ROAD PATROL
 OBJECTIVE                        To impact winter road conditions, mobilize appropriate snow and ice control
                                  operations, and monitor the storm response.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                    Accurate monitoring of winter maintenance activities will support
 CONSIDERATION                    appropriate and effective snow and ice control decisions, leading to efficient
                                  use of salt.
 CURRENT                           Winter patrolling is handled by On-Duty Supervisors and road crews.
 SITUATION                         The City does not have documented guidelines for Patrollers.
                                   The patrols are available: Monday thru Friday from 6:30 a.m. to 4:30
                                     p.m. and Monday night thru Friday from 8:30 p.m. to 6:30 a.m.
                                   During the hours not covered by the above winter patrols the City relies
                                     upon advanced weather forecasting and road condition reports from
                                     Windsor Police, Fire, Transit as well as on-staff employees and
                                     supervisors from other Divisions of the Public Works Department.
                                   The City also has Winter Control Supervisors on-call to respond should
                                     road and weather conditions warrant.
 BEST PRACTICE                     Roads are patrolled regularly during the snow and ice control season.
                                   Logs are maintained of patrolling activities and observations.
 ACTION PLAN                                           Action                           Date          Who
                                   Ensure accurate and complete patrolling Ongoing               Supervisor
                                     records are kept, reviewed and archived.
 IMPLEMENTATION                    Cycle frequency relates the level of observations to the required
 CONSIDERATIONS                      resources. This can govern efficient salt decisions.
                                   Patroller training and experience are key success factors.
 PERFORMANCE                       Percentage of Patrol staff knowledgeable in snow and ice control
 MEASURE                             decision-making.
                                   Documentation of road patrolled during winter conditions.
 REFERENCE




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                                                                      SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                  2005 Update

4.5.5 Drift Control

                                                DRIFT CONTROL
 OBJECTIVE                       To reduce snow accumulation on roadways and problems associated with
                                 drifting and blowing snow.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                   A significant amount of winter maintenance activity is devoted to controlling
 CONSIDERATION                   drifting snow. If a roadway has a lower potential for snow and ice
                                 accumulation, then the winter maintenance demands will be correspondingly
                                 lower and the need for chemical application will be reduced.
 CURRENT                          No artificial snow fences are installed each season.
 SITUATION                        Some agriculture stubble is left in fields.
                                  The City has an inventory of snowdrift problem areas.
                                  The City does not have Guidelines for installing snow fencing.
 BEST PRACTICE                    Areas that are susceptible to drifting problems are known.
                                  Drifting is controlled to limit the amount of drifted snow that needs to be
                                     plowed and treated with salt.
 ACTION PLAN                                           Action                          Date          Who
                                  Develop a snowdrift problem area inventory        2006        Supervisors
                                     and a checklist of annual installations                     &
                                                                                                 Coordinator
                                                                                                 Maintenance
                                  Keep the inventory of stretches of road with Ongoing          Supervisors
                                     drifting snow problems up to date.                          &
                                                                                                 Coordinator
                                                                                                 Maintenance
                                  Ensure staff is knowledgeable in drift Ongoing                Supervisors
                                     control strategies.                                         &
                                                                                                 Coordinator
                                                                                                 Maintenance
 IMPLEMENTATION                   There is a cost associated with installing, or arranging for, and
 CONSIDERATIONS                      maintaining natural or structural snow fencing.
                                  It may take a few winter seasons to determine the optimum snow fence
                                     for a given stretch of problem road.
                                  There may be a liability issue due to seasonally installed snow fence
                                     debris being left in fields.
 PERFORMANCE                      Inventory of stretches of road with drifting snow problems.
 MEASURE                          Percentage of staff knowledgeable in proper drift control strategies.
 REFERENCE                       TAC Salt Management Guide




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                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update

4.6      Snow and Ice Control Training
                                                       TRAINING
 OBJECTIVE                        To ensure that all in-house and sub-contracted staff, including management,
                                  supervisors, patrollers and operators, are trained in salt management
                                  practices.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                    To achieve effective implementation of a salt management program, those
 CONSIDERATION                    people charged with delivering the snow and ice control program must
                                  understand the rationale behind the measures being implemented as well as
                                  what is expected of them. This can only come through a thorough education
                                  / training program, including annual refreshers.
 CURRENT                           The City of Windsor provides refresher training to all Winter Control
 SITUATION                             Operators prior to each season.
                                   The training consists of training on the operation of the plows and the
                                       spreader control units as well as driver safety.
                                   The Manager, Superintendent and Supervisors meet prior to the winter
                                       season and regularly during the season to discuss the successes and
                                       failures of the past storm events and provide and implement any
                                       suggestions for improvement.
                                   The City will provide training for the contractors’ employees.
 BEST PRACTICE                     An annual training program is given to all winter maintenance staff.
                                   The training program addresses the learning goals set out in TAC’s
                                       Syntheses of Best Practices Road Salt Management – Training.
 ACTION PLAN                                              Action                            Date           Who
                                   Review the training program to ensure it             Annually Maintenance
                                       addresses the appropriate subject areas set                     Manager &
                                       out in TAC’s Syntheses of Best Practices                        Coordinator
                                       Road Salt Management – Training.                                Maintenance
                                   Present the training in the fall of each year        Annually Maintenance
                                       to all operators, contractors, supervisors,                     Manager &
                                       superintendents and managers.                                   Coordinator
                                                                                                       Maintenance
 IMPLEMENTATION                    Trainers must be experienced in adult training principles and be able to
 CONSIDERATIONS                        adjust their instructional techniques to reach a variety of learners.
 PERFORMANCE                       Percentage of supervisors and managers receiving training each year.
 MEASURE                           Percentage of operators receiving training each year.
                                   Percentage of contractor staff receiving training each year.
                                   Total annual attendance at training sessions.
 REFERENCE                         OGRA Training materials
                                   TAC’s Syntheses of Best Practices Road Salt Management - Training




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                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update



4.7      Snow Removal and Disposal
                                       SNOW REMOVAL AND DISPOSAL
 OBJECTIVE                        To ensure snow removal and disposal operations are done efficiently and in
                                  an environmentally responsible manner. To ensure that new snow disposal
                                  sites are located so as to minimize the adverse effects to the environment.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                    A review of disposal operations can lead to adopting methods that are least
 CONSIDERATION                    harmful to the environment. Environmental issues associated with snow
                                  disposal sites include: meltwater quality, litter, dust, aesthetics, and noise.
                                  Snow disposal sites can impact the environment in many ways. Therefore,
                                  proper site selection can minimize these impacts. Criteria should include
                                  soil permeability, distance from major water course, vegetation
                                  characteristics, ecologically sensitive sites, critical wildlife habitat,
                                  operational needs (e.g. haul distances) etc
 CURRENT                           City staff removes and hauls snow to 2 sites when the resultant
 SITUATION                            accumulation of piled snow impedes traffic within the business districts
                                      or residential areas of the City.
                                   Site #1 (Ford Test Track) is not paved and the meltwater drains to the
                                      stormsewer. The site is surrounded by roads, residences and a park.
                                   Site #2 (Caron Ave.) is paved and the meltwater drains to the combined
                                      sewer. The site is surrounded by roads and a park.
                                   The sites have not been engineered and litter and debris are collected
                                      from the sites and disposed of each spring.
                                   The City does not have Snow Removal & Disposal Guidelines or
                                      Guidelines for maintaining the snow storage and disposal sites.
                                   The City does not monitor for the impact of chlorides on the
                                      environment.
 BEST PRACTICE                     Snow disposal sites are designed and managed in accordance with TAC’s
                                      Syntheses of Best Practices Road Salt Management - Snow Storage and
                                      Disposal.
                                   Snow Removal and Disposal Guidelines exist and are followed.
                                   Appropriate agencies are consulted for guidance and approvals.
 ACTION PLAN                                            Action                            Date          Who
                                   Review the City’s future snow removal, 2007                     Manager,
                                      storage and disposal needs and develop a                      Maintenance
                                      strategy.
                                   Assess and evaluate the effectiveness and 2007                  Maintenance
                                      appropriateness of the two existing sites for                 Manager &
                                      snow storage and disposal.                                    Coordinator
                                                                                                    Maintenance
                                   Use TAC’s Syntheses of Best Practices Future                    Manager,
                                      Road Salt Management - Snow Storage and                       Maintenance
                                      Disposal as a guide to developing any new
                                      snow storage and disposal sites.

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                                                                      SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                  2005 Update
 ACTION PLAN                       Improve the snow storage and disposal sites 2008            Manager,
 (continued)                         that are going to continue to be used. Use                 Maintenance
                                     TAC’s Syntheses of Best Practices Road
                                     Salt Management - Snow Storage and
                                     Disposal as a guide.
                                   Maintain and monitor all snow disposal sites Ongoing        Maintenance
                                     following TAC’s Syntheses of Best                          Manager &
                                     Practices Road Salt Management - Snow                      Coordinator
                                     Storage and Disposal.                                      Maintenance
 IMPLEMENTATION                    It may be preferred to design an ultimate Snow Removal Program, and
 CONSIDERATIONS                      have this as background to a staged implementation plan.
                                   Haul distances are an important consideration in selecting snow disposal
                                     sites.
                                   Chlorides are difficult to contain. Therefore melt water management is
                                     predominantly to manage other pollutants.
 PERFORMANCE                       Completion of snow disposal site assessments.
 MEASURE                           Development of a Snow Removal, Storage and Disposal strategy.
                                   Percentage of sites meeting TAC’s Syntheses of Best Practices Road Salt
                                     Management - Snow Storage and Disposal.
                                   Monitoring criteria will be developed as part of the Guidelines and
                                     Policy development and site improvements
 REFERENCE                        TAC’s Syntheses of Best Practices Road Salt Management - Snow Storage
                                  and Disposal.




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                                                                      SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                  2005 Update


4.8      Technology Transfer Review
                                     TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER REVIEW
 OBJECTIVE                        To monitor existing available and new approaches and technologies on a
                                  continual basis and to recommend pilot studies on the preferred technologies
                                  and winter maintenance methodologies.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                    New techniques, procedures, and technologies may provide new methods of
 CONSIDERATION                    reducing salt entering the environment.
 CURRENT                           Each year attempts are made to send two employees (a Manager,
 SITUATION                           Coordinator & Supervisor) to the Ontario Good Roads Snow and Ice
                                     Colloquium and the North American Snow Conference annually.
                                   This has proved beneficial from the sharing of experiences and
                                     information provided on new technologies and materials.
 BEST PRACTICE                     Winter maintenance personnel are aware of, and report on, current and
                                     emerging best practices through attendance at conferences and courses
                                     and participation in relevant provincial and national committees.
 ACTION PLAN                                           Action                           Date          Who
                                   To ensure the latest technologies are studied, Ongoing        Manager,
                                     reviewed, tested and adopted as appropriate.                 Maintenance
                                   To participate in conferences and forums          Ongoing     Maintenance
                                     geared to the development of salt best                       Manager &
                                     management practices.                                        Coordinator
                                                                                                  Maintenance
                                   Report the implementation of new Ongoing                      Manager,
                                     technologies and practices to Council and                    Maintenance
                                     the public.
 IMPLEMENTATION                    Often, individual technologies will not provide the degree of
 CONSIDERATIONS                      improvement as compared to the synergies of a broader systems
                                     approach.
                                   The results of trials should be documented with proper assessment
                                     methodologies.
                                   New technologies should first be introduced and proven in one area of
                                     the municipality and then expanded to the rest of the municipality.
 PERFORMANCE                       Reports on new technologies and practices prepared for council and the
 MEASURE                             public.
 REFERENCE




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                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update

4.9      Communications
                                                COMMUNICATIONS
 OBJECTIVE                        To communicate effectively with the public and the media about the
                                  importance of road salt to maintaining safe roadways during the winter
                                  season and about what the City of Windsor is doing to improve salt
                                  management. To inform the public about the current level of service policy.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                    An informed public and media are more likely to become effective partners
 CONSIDERATION                    in achieving the goals of the Salt Management Plan.
 CURRENT                           All winter control and supervisory vehicles are equipped with two-way
 SITUATION                            radio communication (radios) and the staff is responsible for reporting
                                      changing winter weather and/or road conditions.
                                   The City of Windsor’s 311 Call Centre serves as the main centre for in-
                                      coming calls from the general public. Hours of operation are Monday-
                                      Friday from 7:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m., and Saturday from 8:00 a.m. to 4:00
                                      p.m..
                                   When the 311 Call Centre is not in operations, the City of Windsor
                                      Public Works Department, Crawford Yard Facility, serves as the main
                                      center for in and out-going calls from staff, and the general public. At
                                      this location the phones and radio are staffed 24 hours/day, 7 days/week,
                                      year-round.
                                   During major storms, press releases through the media are used to update
                                      the general public regarding the winter maintenance service delivery.
                                   The Public needs to be made more aware of the hazards during winter
                                      driving, slow down and drive according to conditions.
 BEST PRACTICE                     A communication program exists to inform staff, politicians and the
                                      public of the City’s salt management initiatives.
                                   An annual report on progress on the SMP is sent to Environment Canada.
                                   Road authorities with overlapping jurisdictions communicate regularly
                                      with each other to identify common problems and share solutions.
 ACTION PLAN                                            Action                           Date          Who
                                   Inform the Council, public and local Ongoing                   Executive
                                      regulatory agencies about the actions being                  Director,
                                      taken by the City to manage road salt use,                   Operations
                                      and the winter maintenance program
                                      annually.
                                   Develop a Communication Plan for the 2006                      Manager,
                                      Winter Maintenance program                                   Maintenance
                                                                                                   & Manager,
                                                                                                   Technical
                                                                                                   Support
                                   Notify        Environment      Canada      upon Annually Manager,
                                      completion of the Salt Management Plan                       Maintenance
                                      and update them annually about the status of                 & Manager,
                                      Salt Management activities (as per Annex C                   Technical
                                      of the Code of Practice for the                              Support
                                      Environmental Management of Road Salts).
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                                                                      SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                  2005 Update
 IMPLEMENTATION                    Repetition may be necessary to ensure the message is heard. Safety-first
 CONSIDERATIONS                     must continually be reinforced.
 PERFORMANCE                       Communication Plan developed and updated.
 MEASURE                           Appropriate stakeholders are informed of the City’s Road Salt
                                    Management initiatives.
 REFERENCE




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                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update


4.10 Salt Vulnerable Areas
                                           SALT VULNERABLE AREAS
 OBJECTIVE                        To determine if any salt vulnerable areas are potentially impacted by the use
                                  of salt.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                    Salt vulnerable areas may require unique solutions that may require the use
 CONSIDERATION                    of other strategies/methods or more expensive de-icers to maintain sensitive
                                  areas.
 CURRENT                           There are currently discussions ongoing at the national level to determine
 SITUATION                            a definition of salt vulnerable areas.
                                   The City has unique environmental features including a lakeshore, rivers,
                                      environmentally significant areas and agricultural land.
                                   There has not been an effort to formally correlate these features to
                                      roadways or salt storage sites.
 BEST PRACTICE                     Salt Vulnerable Areas are identified and factored into salt management
                                      decision-making.
 ACTION PLAN                                            Action                           Date         Who
                                   Monitor Environment Canada’s approach to Ongoing              Manager,
                                      addressing salt vulnerable areas.                           Maintenance
                                   Work with other agencies to identify and 2007                 Manager,
                                      map salt vulnerable areas in the City.                      Maintenance
                                                                                                  & Manager,
                                                                                                  Technical
                                                                                                  Support
                                   Identify strategies to reduce salt impacts to 2008            Manager,
                                      salt vulnerable areas.                                      Maintenance
                                                                                                  & Manager,
                                                                                                  Technical
                                                                                                  Support
 IMPLEMENTATION                    There is no clear consensus on how to monitor the impacts to vulnerable
 CONSIDERATIONS                       areas.
                                   Other agencies should help identify salt vulnerable areas.
 PERFORMANCE                       Number of salt vulnerable areas identified.
 MEASURE                           Number of winter maintenance prescriptions developed in response to
                                      salt vulnerable areas.
                                   Relative change in impact indicators.
 REFERENCE




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                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update


4.11 Record Keeping
                                    MATERIAL USAGE RECORD KEEPING
 OBJECTIVE                        To provide an accurate record of how much material was used, where it was
                                  used and the reason it was used.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                    Effective salt management requires an accurate understanding of how much
 CONSIDERATION                    salt is being used, and where. It is not sufficient to measure gross totals
                                  since these can very widely from year-to-year due to weather fluctuations.
 CURRENT                           The City has electronic controls on most of its spreaders. The data
 SITUATION                            collected by the electronic controls is being retrieved and reviewed.
                                   The delivery and restocking of solid bulk materials (salt and liquid) is
                                      tracked and recorded by the Yard Supervisor.
                                   Salt usage is manually tracked by the Supervisor on a Driver Log using
                                      the information from the loader scales at the Crawford Yard and by
                                      bucket load at the Central Avenue Yard.
                                   Material usage is reconciled with deliveries at the end of the season.
                                   The installation of an AVL/GPS system for the winter maintenance
                                      vehicles has started. They will be linking the electronic controllers to the
                                      system.
 BEST PRACTICE                     Data is collected electronically from the electronic controllers and used
                                      to assess salt management practices.
                                   Delivery and use of materials is tracked and reconciled at year-end.
                                   Material usage is tracked in conjunction with Storm Response Records.
 ACTION PLAN                                            Action                             Date         Who
                                   Develop procedures to retrieve, review and 2006                 Maintenance
                                      archive the data from the electronic                          Manager,
                                      controllers.                                                  Technical
                                                                                                    Support
                                                                                                    Manager &
                                                                                                    Coordinator
                                                                                                    Maintenance
                                   Material usage data from the electronic Annually Maintenance
                                      controllers and other sources will be                         Manager,
                                      collected, compared and used to reconcile                     Technical
                                      with material deliveries and end-of-season                    Support
                                      residual.                                                     Manager &
                                                                                                    Coordinator
                                                                                                    Maintenance
                                   Information from the Supervisory Reports,           Ongoing     Maintenance
                                      Call-out & Overtime Reports, operator and                     Manager,
                                      patroller logs, forecasts and future system                   Technical
                                      information will be retrieved, reviewed and                   Support
                                      archived along with the material usage data.                  Manager &
                                                                                                    Coordinator
                                                                                                    Maintenance

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                                                                         SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                     2005 Update

                                   Periodic comparisons of usage by route will Annually         Maintenance
                                    be carried out to identify and address any                   Manager,
                                    inconsistencies.                                             Technical
                                                                                                 Support
                                                                                                 Manager &
                                                                                                 Coordinator
                                                                                                 Maintenance
 ACTION PLAN                         Ensure staff is knowledgeable in the Ongoing               Maintenance
 (continued)                          material usage tracking procedures and                     Manager &
                                      record-keeping.                                            Coordinator
                                                                                                 Maintenance
 IMPLEMENTATION                      Material use is dependent upon the severity of the winter and therefore
 CONSIDERATIONS                       record analysis needs to normalize for the type of winter.
                                     Material usage records in conjunction with the overall winter
                                      maintenance program can serve as a surrogate for a winter severity
                                      index.
                                     High sand usage has cleanup and dust implications.
 PERFORMANCE                         Tonnes of salt applied through spreading operations.
 MEASURE                             Tonnes of salt used per lane km.
                                     Material reconciliation and summary at the end of the season.
                                      (amount at start of season + purchases/production - actual usage = amount at end
                                      of season)
                                     Daily records checked for completeness.
 REFERENCE




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Prepared by Ecoplans Limited
                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update



                                   STORM RESPONSE RECORD KEEPING
 OBJECTIVE                        To provide accurate documentation of changing road and weather
                                  conditions, and actions taken during storm response.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                    Accurate record keeping and reporting during snow and ice control activities
 CONSIDERATION                    will facilitate a review of storm response and ultimately result in the most
                                  effective response in similar situations. This can help to optimize the use of
                                  salt. It will also provide information for due diligence defence in the event
                                  of a lawsuit by demonstrating prudent judgement with regard to safety and
                                  environmental stewardship.
 CURRENT                           The City maintains records for every snow event during the winter
 SITUATION                            season. The record includes:
                                      Winter Control Supervisory Report - East & West Side of City.
                                         This report must be completed by the appropriate supervisor when
                                         required to inspect road conditions. If any winter control vehicles are
                                         required to respond to the conditions they must be listed on this
                                         report.
                                      Winter Control Call-Out & Overtime Accumulation.
                                         The form is kept for every City employee on winter control. It must be
                                         updated anytime the employee is called to report for winter control
                                         duties.
                                   The City keeps operator logs and diaries.
                                   The forecast records are kept.
                                   With the introduction of RWIS and AVL/GPS there will be an
                                      opportunity to have a partial electronic record of conditions and response
                                      times.
 BEST PRACTICE                     Accurate records of decisions made in responding to a storm are kept and
                                      can be retrieved for analysis.
 ACTION PLAN                                            Action                            Date         Who
                                   Review the City’s Record Keeping Policy 2006                    Maintenance
                                      and how records are kept. Ensure it includes                  Manager,
                                      a standard methodology to report/summarize                    Technical
                                      storm response and material usage.                            Support
                                                                                                    Manager &
                                                                                                    Coordinator
                                                                                                    Maintenance
                                   Information from the material usage                Ongoing      Maintenance
                                      tracking procedures along with the                            Manager,
                                      Supervisory Reports, Call-out & Overtime                      Technical
                                      Reports, operator and patroller logs,                         Support
                                      forecasts and future system information will                  Manager &
                                      be retrieved, reviewed and archived.                          Coordinator
                                                                                                    Maintenance



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Prepared by Ecoplans Limited
                                                                      SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                  2005 Update

                                   Ensure staff is knowledgeable in the Record Ongoing       Maintenance
                                    Keeping Policy.                                           Manager,
                                                                                              Technical
                                                                                              Support
                                                                                              Manager &
                                                                                              Coordinator
                                                                                              Maintenance
 IMPLEMENTATION                    Record keeping can be observation and action-oriented.
 CONSIDERATIONS                    It can document what was known and the rationale for decisions
                                    including what was not done (by choice).
                                   Storm responses are recorded and maintained in conjunction with
                                    material usage records.
 PERFORMANCE                       Review and update of the Record Keeping Policy completed.
 MEASURE                           Percentage of staff knowledgeable in proper record keeping.
                                   Accurate and complete record of storm response.
                                   Percentage of representative samples of records in conformance with the
                                    policy.
 REFERENCE




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 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                              December 14, 2005
Prepared by Ecoplans Limited
                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update


4.12 Monitoring Program
                                            MONITORING PROGRAM
 OBJECTIVE                        To monitor the chloride concentrations along rivers, snow disposal sites, salt
                                  storage facilities, and selected environmentally sensitive areas to determine
                                  the effectiveness of salting reduction strategies.
 ENVIRONMENTAL                    By monitoring the effectiveness of the Salt Management Plan mitigation
 CONSIDERATION                    strategies, this may demonstrate improvements to the amount of salt entering
                                  the environment.
 CURRENT                           The City has no formal program to monitor chloride levels in the
 SITUATION                            environment and relate those levels to winter maintenance activities.
                                   The City has not carried out contaminant assessments at any of its yards.
 BEST PRACTICE                     Data on chloride concentrations are collected and analyzed to assess the
                                      nature and trends in salt contamination. Monitoring is conducted at salt
                                      and sand storage areas, snow disposal sites, in the surrounding,
                                      potentially impacted environment and at salt vulnerable areas.
 ACTION PLAN                                            Action                          Date           Who
                                   Monitor developments on the National level Ongoing            Maintenance
                                      with respect to monitoring requirements for                 Manager &
                                      salt management plans.                                      Technical
                                                                                                  Support
 IMPLEMENTATION                    Other parameters may affect interpretation of the data, such as traffic
 CONSIDERATIONS                       volumes, winter index, climate variations, etc.
 PERFORMANCE                       To be developed.
 MEASURE
 REFERENCE




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 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                                December 14, 2005
Prepared by Ecoplans Limited
                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update


4.13 Emergency Response Program
                                     EMERGENCY RESPONSE PROGRAM
 OBJECTIVE                        To be prepared to respond to emergencies or hazardous situations involving
                                  winter maintenance operations and contain and clean-up the situation as
                                  required without compromising the Health & Safety of workers
 ENVIRONMENTAL                    Environment Canada has done an assessment of road salt and has concluded
 CONSIDERATION                    that the excessive use of road salts can be harmful to the environment. A
                                  spill or release involving snow and ice control chemicals may involve the
                                  release of a significant amount of salt into the environment.
 CURRENT                           The City has an Emergency Response Plan for highway spills.
 SITUATION                         The City does not have a formal plan to respond to a spill or release of
                                      solid salt or liquid chemical on road or at its maintenance yards.
 BEST PRACTICE                     A response plan for dealing with spills of snow and ice control chemicals
                                      exists.
                                   Personnel are trained in how to respond to a spill.
 ACTION PLAN                                             Action                            Date          Who
                                   Develop a Response Plan Policy for salt 2006                    Maintenance
                                      spills.                                                       Manager,
                                                                                                    Coordinator
                                                                                                    Maintenance
                                                                                                    &       Yard
                                                                                                    Supervisors
                                   Ensure staff is knowledgeable in the Ongoing                    Yard
                                      potential hazards and the Response Plan.                      Supervisors
 IMPLEMENTATION                    Communication and coordination with other agencies responsible for
 CONSIDERATIONS                       Emergency Response will be required.
 PERFORMANCE                       Development of a Response Plan.
 MEASURE                           Percentage of staff knowledgeable in the Response Plan.
 REFERENCE




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Prepared by Ecoplans Limited
MONITORING AND
  UPDATING THE
          SALT
  MANAGEMENT
          PLAN
                                                                        SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                    2005 Update

5.0 MONITORING

5.1 Overview
         This chapter of the plan includes table summaries of current practices to allow tracking of the Salt
         Management Plan Reviews and the implementation of the Plan.

5.1.1 Salt Management Plan Review
         An annual management review will take place as part of the plan. During this review the Salt
         Management Plan will be updated to include changes in departmental policy, as well as to
         summarize new strategies and techniques deployed. It will also allow the City to measure and
         report upon progress towards established goals and standards outlined in the previous chapter
         dealing with operational practices and strategies.



                                              Salt Management Plan Review
                                                                     Year
             Progress
                                            2006         2007         2008             2009        2010

   Salt Management Plan
   reviewed.

   Salt Management Plan
   updated.
   Salt Management
   information sent
   (according to Environment
   Canada’s Code of Practice for
   the Environmental
   Management of Road Salts).




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                                                                   SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                               2005 Update

         The following areas will be included in the annual analysis and review:

                 Management Practices
                   - Level of service
                 Equipment
                   - Fleet Allocation/Optimization
                   - Fleet Upgrading
                   - Equipment Maintenance and Calibration
                   - Equipment Washing
                 Materials
                   - Material Ordering and Delivery
                   - Material Application Rates
                   - Material Storage / Handling
                   - Good Housekeeping Practices for Maintenance Yards
                 Storm Response Summary
                   - Weather Forecasting
                   - Decision-Making Support Technology
                   - Storm Response Approaches
                   - Winter Road Patrol
                   - Drift Control
                 Snow and Ice Control Training
                 Snow Removal and Disposal
                 Technology Transfer Review
                 Communications
                 Salt Vulnerable Areas
                 Record Keeping
                 Monitoring Program
                 Emergency Response Program


         The following summaries can contribute to future management reviews of the implementation of
         the Salt Management Plan.




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                                                                         SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                     2005 Update

5.2      Management Practices
5.2.1 Level of Service

                                                 Level of Service Policy
                                                                        Year
             Progress
                                            2006          2007           2008           2009     2010
   An LOS policy that has
   been endorsed by senior
   management.
   Compliance with the
   LOS policy throughout
   the organization.



5.3      Equipment
5.3.1 Fleet Allocation/Optimization

                                               Fleet Allocation/Optimization
                                                                        Year
             Progress
                                            2006            2007         2008           2009     2010

   New optimized routes
   implemented.

   Achieved the stipulated
   LOS for each class of
   road.


5.3.2 Fleet Upgrading

                                               Electronic Spreader Controls
                                                                       Year
             Progress
                                            2006           2007         2008            2009     2010
   Percentage of spreaders
   with electronic
   controllers.
   Percentage of spreaders
   with an AVL/GPS
   system.



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 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                                 December 14, 2005
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                                                                         SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                     2005 Update
                                        Pre-wetting and Anti-Icing Equipment
                                                                     Year
             Progress
                                         2006           2007          2008               2009     2010
   Percentage of spreaders
   with pre-wetting
   capabilities.
   Percentage of spreaders
   with anti-icing
   capabilities.

   Number of kilometres
   subjected to anti-icing.

   Pre-wetting guidelines
   developed or updated.

   Percentage of staff
   knowledgeable liquid use
   and handling.

5.3.3 Equipment Maintenance and Calibration

                                                   Spreader Calibration
                                                                          Year
             Progress
                                            2006          2007            2008           2009     2010
   Percentage of units
   calibrated.

   Number of in-season re-
   calibrations.


5.3.4 Equipment Washing

                                                   Equipment Washing
                                                                          Year
             Progress
                                            2006          2007            2008           2009     2010
   Washwater management
   policy developed or
   updated.
   Percentage of sites with
   washwater management
   facilities consistent with
   policy.

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 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                                  December 14, 2005
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                                                                        SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                    2005 Update

5.4      Materials
5.4.1 Material Ordering, and Delivery

                                             Material Ordering and Delivery
                                                                      Year
             Progress
                                            2006         2007          2008            2009     2010
   Summary of quality tests
   received.

   Percentage of deliveries
   and production that did
   not meet specifications.
   Number of salt deliveries
   that were stored outside
   for more than 1 day.


5.4.2 Material Application Rates

                                               Material Application Rates
                                                                      Year
             Progress
                                            2006         2007          2008            2009     2010
   Material application rates
   reviewed or updated.

   Liquid application rates
   developed.

   Tonnes of salt applied
   through spreading
   operations.
   Litres of brine applied
   through spreading
   operations.


5.4.3 Sand/Salt Blends
         The City of Windsor does not stockpile or apply abrasives (sand/salt blends).




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                                                                         SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                     2005 Update

5.4.4 Material Storage / Handling

                                                 Salt Storage / Handling
                                                                        Year
             Progress
                                            2006           2007          2008           2009     2010
   Percentage of salt stored
   indoors.
   Number of new storages
   designed in accordance
   with TAC’s Syntheses of
   Best Practices.
   Percentage of salt storages
   with drainage water
   management systems.



                                                Liquid Storage / Handling
                                                                       Year
             Progress
                                            2006          2007          2008            2009     2010
   Percentage of liquids used
   that were stored in tanks
   with spill containment.
   Number of new liquid
   storage facilities designed
   in accordance with TAC’s
   Syntheses of Best
   Practices.


5.4.5 Good Housekeeping Practices for Maintenance Yards

                                              Good Housekeeping Practices
                                                                     Year
             Progress
                                            2006        2007          2008              2009     2010
   A Good Housekeeping
   policy developed or
   updated.

   Number of sites audited
   for compliance.




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 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                                 December 14, 2005
Prepared by Ecoplans Limited
                                                                        SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                    2005 Update


5.5      Storm Response
5.5.1 Weather Forecasting

                                                   Weather Forecasting
                                                                         Year
             Progress
                                            2006          2007           2008           2009     2010
   Percentage of decision-
   making staff
   knowledgeable in using
   weather forecasts.
   Weather forecast
   delivered in a timely
   manner.

   Accuracy of weather
   forecasts.




5.5.2 Decision-Making Support Technology

                                    Road Weather Information Systems (RWIS)
                                                                  Year
             Progress
                                        2006          2007        2008                  2009     2010

   Number of RWIS sites.

   Percentage of decision-
   making staff
   knowledgeable in RWIS.

   RWIS forecasts delivered
   in a timely manner.

   Accuracy of RWIS
   forecasts.

   Percentage downtime of
   RWIS sites.




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 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                                 December 14, 2005
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                                                                        SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                    2005 Update


                                             Infrared Thermometers (IRT’s)
                                                                      Year
             Progress
                                            2006          2007        2008             2009     2010
   Percentage of supervisor
   vehicles with IRT’s.

   Percentage of anti-icing
   vehicles with IRT’s.

   Percentage of staff
   knowledgeable in the use
   of IRT’s.




5.5.3 Storm Response Approaches

                                               Storm Response Approaches
                                                                     Year
             Progress
                                            2006         2007         2008             2009     2010
   Storm Response Guide
   prepared or updated.




5.5.4 Winter Road Patrol

                                                   Winter Road Patrol
                                                                        Year
             Progress
                                            2006          2007          2008           2009     2010
   Percentage of staff
   knowledgeable in snow &
   ice control decision-
   making.
   Documented road
   patrolling during winter
   conditions.




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 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                                December 14, 2005
Prepared by Ecoplans Limited
                                                                     SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                 2005 Update

5.5.5 Drift Control

                                                   Drift Control
                                                                     Year
             Progress
                                            2006       2007          2008           2009     2010
   An inventory of drifting
   snow problem areas
   developed or updated.
   Percentage of staff
   knowledgeable in snow
   drift control strategies.



5.6      Snow and Ice Control Training
                                                     Training
                                                                     Year
             Progress
                                            2006       2007          2008           2009     2010
   Percentage of supervisors
   and managers trained.

   Percentage of operators
   trained.

   Percentage of contractor
   staff trained.

   Number in attendance at
   training sessions.




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 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                             December 14, 2005
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                                                                        SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                    2005 Update


5.7      Snow Removal and Disposal
                                               Snow Removal and Disposal
                                                                     Year
             Progress
                                            2006        2007          2008             2009     2010
   Percentage of snow
   disposal sites assessed.

   Snow Removal and
   Disposal strategy
   developed.
   Percentage of snow
   disposal sites meeting
   TAC’s Syntheses of Best
   Practices.
   To be developed as part
   of the strategy
   development.



5.8      Technology Transfer Review
                                               Technology Transfer Review
                                                                      Year
             Progress
                                            2006          2007         2008            2009     2010
   Report on new
   technologies and practices
   prepared.



5.9      Communications
                                                    Communications
                                                                        Year
             Progress
                                            2006         2007           2008           2009     2010
   Communication plan
   developed or updated.

   Appropriate stakeholders
   informed.



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 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                                December 14, 2005
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                                                                         SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                     2005 Update


5.10 Salt Vulnerable Areas
                                                   Salt Vulnerable Areas
                                                                           Year
             Progress
                                            2006           2007            2008           2009     2010

   Number of salt vulnerable
   areas identified.

   Number of winter
   maintenance prescription
   developed in response to
   salt vulnerable areas.

   Relative change in impact
   indicators.



5.11 Record Keeping
                                             Material Usage Record Keeping
                                                                      Year
             Progress
                                            2006          2007        2008                2009     2010
   Tonnes of salt applied
   through sanding
   operations.

   Tonnes of salt used per
   lane km.

   End of season material
   reconciliation completed.

   Percentage of daily
   records completed
   accurately.




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 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                                   December 14, 2005
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                                                                        SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                    2005 Update

                                             Storm Response Record Keeping
                                                                     Year
             Progress
                                            2006         2007         2008             2009     2010
   Record Keeping policy
   reviewed or updated.

   Percentage of staff
   knowledgeable in proper
   record keeping.

   Accurate and complete
   record of storm responses.

   Percentage of records in
   compliance with policy.



5.12 Monitoring Program
                                                   Monitoring Program
                                                                        Year
             Progress
                                            2006          2007          2008           2009     2010

   To be developed.




5.13 Emergency Response Program
                                              Emergency Response Program
                                                                     Year
             Progress
                                            2006         2007         2008             2009     2010
   Maintenance Yard
   Response Plan developed
   or updated.
   Percentage of staff
   knowledgeable in the
   Response Plan.




 File Number:                                          Revision No: 2    Last Revision Date:   Page 5-13
 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                                December 14, 2005
Prepared by Ecoplans Limited
  Appendix A
     Winter Control Service Level Policy
             (Revised December 2005)
Recommended Winter Control Procedures
                                                                     SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                 2005 Update

                          Winter Control Service Level Policy
                                           (Revised December 2005)
                                (revisions from the 2001 policy are highlighted)


1.       Objective

                  To reduce the hazards of snowy/icy road conditions to motorists and pedestrians

                  To reduce economic losses to the community and industry.

                  To maintain safe and passable public transit and school bus routes.

                  To facilitate the handling of emergencies by Fire & Police Services and other
                   emergency agencies.

2.       Operational Strategy

         The salt/plow routes have been redesigned using the City of Windsor’s official road
         classification system. City streets for the purpose of winter control operations have been
         divided by classification namely:

                   i)        Controlled Access Highway (E.C. Row)
                   ii)       Class I & Class II Arterial Roads
                   iii)      Scenic Parkway (Riverside Drive)
                   iv)       Class I & Class II Collector Roads
                   v)        Local Roads

         The new route design encompasses uniformity by road classification which will provide a
         more strategic plan to ensure roads that are the highest priority are done prior to lower
         priority roads.

         During major snow storms first priority will be E.C. Row Expressway and the arterial
         roads. This will optimize the mobility under adverse weather conditions.

         A.        Main Routes

                   The main routes are comprised of E.C. Row Expressway, Arterial roadways,
                   Riverside Drive and Collector Roads.

                   Under the new routing systems there are 21 routes.

                             E.C. Row Expressway has 3 routes.

                             Arterial Roadways & Scenic Parkways - 11 routes.

                             Collector Roadways have 7 routes.

 File Number:                                       Revision No: 2    Last Revision Date:   Page A-2
 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                             December 14, 2005
Prepared by Ecoplans Limited
                                                                     SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                 2005 Update

         B.        Local Routes

                   The local (residential) streets have been divided in 36 areas. Once the
                   accumulated snowfall has exceeded 7.5 cm (3 in.) and the storm has ended,
                   plowing will commence in the residential areas.

3.       Tiered Operational Deployment Strategy

         Class 1 Storm – Less than 7.5 cm (3 in.) Accumulation

              i.   Salting of main routes is the first priority.

            ii.    The number of salting units deployed will be dependent upon location, severity,
                   ambient temperatures, wind speed and direction, and weather patterns
                   proceeding and following the storm.

           iii.    Only when road conditions warrant and only after the main routes have been
                   completed, salting of streets/intersections around schools will be undertaken.

           iv.     Only when extreme glare ice conditions occur and forecasts are for below
                   freezing, salting of local streets/intersections will be undertaken once the main
                   routes are completed.

         Class 2 Storm – 7.5 cm (3 in.) to 25 cm (10 in.) Accumulation

              i.   When snowfall exceeds 7.5 cm (3 in.) salting is temporarily suspended and
                   plowing of routes will start.

            ii.    All salt/plow trucks will be redeployed to E.C. Row and arterial roads as the first
                   priority.

           iii.    Once E.C. Row and the arterial roads have been cleared, trucks will once again
                   be reassigned to the collector routes.

           iv.     When storm has ended salting/plowing will continue on all main routes until they
                   are completed. Also available road graders, loaders, backhoes and plow trucks
                   will be deployed to plow local streets.

           v.      Once main routes are completed all available City and Contractor salter/plow
                   units will be reassigned to assist with local streets.

           vi.     Salting of streets and intersections around schools will be given priority.

          vii.     Only when extreme glare ice conditions occur and forecasts are for below
                   freezing, salting of local streets/intersections will be undertaken once the main
                   routes are completed.


 File Number:                                       Revision No: 2    Last Revision Date:    Page A-3
 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                             December 14, 2005
Prepared by Ecoplans Limited
                                                                   SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                               2005 Update
         viii.     Windrows at intersections on arterial roads will be removed as required.

           ix.     If deemed appropriate based upon snow accumulations removals of snow along
                   curbs in business improvement areas and other commercial areas across the
                   City will commence. Handicap parking areas will be addressed as a first priority.

           x.      In consultation with Transit Windsor, Priority 1 and 2 bus stops will be cleared for
                   accumulations of over 15cm (6 in.) of snow.

         Class 3 Storm – Greater than 25 cm (10 in.) Accumulation

            i.     When snowfall exceeds 7.5 cm (3 in.) salting is suspended and plowing of routes
                   will continue.

            ii.    All salt/plow trucks will be redeployed to E.C. Row and arterial roads as a first
                   priority.

           iii.    All available road graders, loaders, backhoes, and hired plow trucks will be
                   redeployed to plow the collector roads

           iv.       Once E.C. Row and arterial roads have been completed all available plow
                   trucks will be reassigned to the collector roads.

           v.      All available road graders, loaders, backhoes, and hired plow trucks will be
                   redeployed to the local roads.

           vi.     Once the collector roads have been completed all available City and Contractor
                   salter/plow units will be redeployed to the local roads.

          vii.     Salting of streets and intersections around schools will be given a priority.

         viii.     Only in extreme glare ice conditions and forecasts are for below freezing, salting
                   of local streets/intersections will be undertaken once main routes are complete.

           ix.     The City’s large snow blower, loaders, backhoes, bobcats, and trucks will be
                   deployed to commence removal of major snow accumulations in business
                   improvement areas and other commercial areas across the City. Handicap
                   parking areas will be addressed as a first priority.

           x.      Windrows at intersections on arterial roads will be removed as required.

           xi.     In consultation with Transit Windsor, Priority 1 and 2 bus stops will be cleared for
                   accumulations of over 15 cm (6 in.) of snow.

      NOTE:        The operational requirements for the three (3) classes of storms provide an
                   outline of the methods used to deal with the various winter weather conditions.
                   There are many factors that may affect the methods utilized and discretion is


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 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                           December 14, 2005
Prepared by Ecoplans Limited
                                                                  SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                              2005 Update
                   essential in determining the optimal course of action given the prevailing
                   circumstances.

4.       Sidewalks

         Once the storm has ended a combination of City employees and hired equipment
         (sidewalk plows, bobcats) will clear snow from sidewalks, walkways and underpasses
         that are the responsibility of the City maintain.

5.       Alleys

         Alleys will be plowed and/or salted as may be deemed appropriate when snow
         accumulation exceeds 7.5 cm (3 in.) only after local streets have been completed.

6.       Parking

         If a Snow Emergency is declared, subject to Parking By-Law 9023 Section 10(1)j, on
         street parking is prohibited on main routes for 48 hours following the end of snowfalls
         above 7.5 cm (3 in.).

         Free parking is authorized as may be deemed appropriate in municipal surface lots
         following the end of any snowfalls above 7.5 cm (3 in.).

         This information will be disseminated through the local media.

7.       Bikeways

         Once all roadways and walkways have been cleared additional plowing of roadways
         containing bike lanes will be undertaken.

8.       General

                  Service levels may be amended as conditions require.

                  The operational responsibility for the implementation of this policy rests with the
                   Executive Director of Operations or his designate in consultation with the General
                   Manager of Public Works as may be applicable given the prevailing
                   circumstances.

                  In the event of a winter storm situation in which the Executive Director of
                   Operations deems the situation may require the formation of the Emergency
                   Operations Control Group pursuant to the Emergency Preparedness Plan, the
                   Executive Director of Operations in conjunction with either the Chief
                   Administrative Officer, Police Chief, or Fire Chief may request the Emergency
                   Alerting System be activated.




 File Number:                                    Revision No: 2    Last Revision Date:     Page A-5
 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                          December 14, 2005
Prepared by Ecoplans Limited
                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update


                            Recommended Winter Control Procedures

                                   Recommended Winter Control Procedures
                                                     for
                                    Anticipated Snowfalls Less Than 50 mm

   Temp. (C)                Time            Appl. Rate                            Comments
                                            Lbs./2 l.m.

 -6°C & Rising               N/A               450#               salt immediately, in most cases one application
                                                                   will cause sufficient melting.

                                                                  re-application may be necessary in some
                                                                   isolated areas.

 -12° C to -6°C           5:00 a.m.            550#               salt entire route & repeat if necessary (reduce
                             to                                    application second time through Route - 300#)
                          8:00 p.m.
                                                                  monitor performance of salting action closely.

 -12°C to -6°C            8:00 p.m.            550#               salt high volume main roads only.
                             to
                          5:00 a.m.                               secondaries should not be salted until 4:00 to
                                                                   5:00 a.m.

 Less than -12°C          5:00 a.m.            650#               plow only and salt icy sections.
                             to
                          8:00 p.m.                               if sunny conditions exist, salting completely
                                                                   may be permitted.

                                                                  total salting is not permitted without
                                                                   authorization from Superintendent or Manager.

 Less than -12°C          8:00 p.m.             --                plow only.
                         to 5:00 a.m.
                                                                  salting may be allowed during daylight hours.




 File Number:                                         Revision No: 2     Last Revision Date:           Page A-0
 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                                December 14, 2005
Prepared by Ecoplans Limited
                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update


                                  Recommended Winter Control Procedures
                                                     for
                              Anticipated Snowfalls Between 50 mm and 100 mm

   Temp. (C)                Time            Appl. Rate                                Comments
                                            Lbs./2 l.m.
 -6°C & Rising            5:00 a.m.            450#               salt route once.
                             to
                          8:00 p.m.                               tandem plow until completion of snowfall.

                                                                  upon completion of snowfall, re-salt route

                                                                  NOTE: If snowfall is extremely heavy during
                                                                   initial salting, discontinue.

 -6°C & Rising            8:00 p.m.            450#               salt primary roads only (once).
                             to
                          5:00 a.m.                               tandem plow until completion of snowfall.

                                                                  upon completion of snowfall, salt entire route.

                                                                  NOTE: If snowfall is extremely heavy during
                                                                   initial salting, discontinue.

 -12°C to -6°C            5:00 a.m.            550#               salt route once, discontinue if snowfall is
                             to                                    extremely heavy.
                          8:00 p.m.
                                                                  tandem plow until completion of snowfall.

                                                                  upon completion of snowfall, salt entire route.

  -12°C to -6°C           8:00 p.m.            550#               salt primary roads once, discontinue if snowfall
                             to                                    is extremely heavy.
                          5:00 a.m.
                                                                  tandem plow until completion of snowfall.

                                                                  salt entire route starting at 4:00 to 5:00 a.m.

Less Than -12°C           5:00 a.m.            650#               tandem plow only until completion of snowfall.
                             to
                          8:00 p.m.                               if sunny condition exist upon completion of
                                                                   snowfall, salt entire route.

Less Than -12°C           8:00 a.m.                               plow only.
                             to
                          5:00 p.m.



 File Number:                                         Revision No: 2      Last Revision Date:            Page A-1
 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                                 December 14, 2005
Prepared by Ecoplans Limited
                                                                       SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                   2005 Update


                                   Recommended Winter Control Procedures
                                                      for
                                  Anticipated Snowfalls Greater Than 100 mm

   Temp. (C)                Time            Appl. Rate                             Comments
                                            Lbs./2 l.m.
 -6°C & Rising            5:00 a.m.            450#               salt route once, discontinue if snowfall is
                             to                                    heavy.
                          8:00 p.m.
                                                                  upon completion of snowfall, salt route.

 -6°C & Rising            8:00 p.m.            450#               tandem plow until completion of snowfall.
                             to
                          5:00 a.m.                               upon completion of snowfall, salt entire route.

  -12°C to -6°C           5:00 a.m.            550#               salt route once, discontinue if snowfall is
                             to                                    extremely heavy.
                          8:00 p.m.
                                                                  tandem plow until completion of snowfall.

                                                                  upon completion of snowfall, salt entire route.

  -12°C to -6°C           8:00 p.m.            550#               tandem plow until completion of snowfall.
                             to
                          5:00 a.m.                               salt entire route starting at 4:00 to 5:00 a.m.

Less Than -12°C           5:00 a.m.            650#               plow only.
                             to
                          8:00 p.m.                               upon completion of snowfall salt entire route.

Less Than -12°C           8:00 a.m.                               plow only.
                             to
                          5:00 p.m.




 File Number:                                         Revision No: 2      Last Revision Date:            Page A-2
 ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                                 December 14, 2005
Prepared by Ecoplans Limited
Appendix B
   Application Rate Tables
                                                                        SALT MANAGEMENT PLAN
                                                                                    2005 Update
                                                Material Application Rates

             The following tables are a summary of the City of Windsor’s snow and ice control material
             application rates and are taken from the City of Windsor’s original Salt Management Plan,
             Section 1.1.5 Application Rates.


                               TABLE B.1 – APPLICATION RATES – SALT4 (kg / 2 lane km)
                                                 Light                   Normal                    Heavy
                                                Frost or            Typical storm with      Curves, steep grades,
                       Condition
                                                Black ice           snow accumulation        extreme conditions

                        Dry Salt                   136                      182                      225

                   Pre-wetted Salt*

               * As liquids are introduced the application rates for pre-wetted salt will be set. Table B.2 will
                 have a summary of the corresponding pre-wetting liquid application rates.


                                        TABLE B.2 – APPLICATION RATES – LIQUDS4
                                                  Light                  Normal                    Heavy
                                                 Frost or           Typical storm with      Curves, steep grades,
                        Condition
                                                 Black ice          snow accumulation        extreme conditions
                Liters / two lane km
                     (anti-icing)
              Ratio (% of dry material)*
                   (pre-wetting)**
               * The units for the liquid application rates will depend upon the equipment used and the City of
                 Windsor’s preference (liters/kg and gm/m2 are also commonly used).
              ** Tables B.1 will have a summary of the corresponding pre-wetted material application rates.




4/
     The application rates identified in the tables have been set by the City of Windsor. Ecoplans Limited does not
     warrant that these rates will provide safe driving conditions.
     File Number:                                     Revision No: 2       Last Revision Date:         Page B-2
     ba5bd694-7a7f-40d6-b2da-923ac6fe1ab0.doc                              November 8, 2005
Prepared by Ecoplans Limited

				
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