Project Management Virtual Teams - Department of Computer Science by pptfiles

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									PROJECT MANAGEMENT
VIRTUAL TEAMS
Dionte Johnson
Software Engineering
Overview
              What is a virtual team?
              Different types of
               Virtual Teams
              What is project
               management?
              Project management
               techniques
What is a Virtual Team?

     Peterson, Geographically Dispersed Team,
      describes it as “a group of individuals who
      work across time, space and organizational
      boundaries with links strengthened by webs of
      communication technology.”
     Krill & Juell: “A virtual project is a
      collaborative effort towards a specific goal or
      accomplishment which is based on ‘collective
      yet remote’ performance.”
    Basic Types of Virtual Teams
   Networked Teams
       Achieve common goal, membership is diffuse and fluid.
   Parallel Teams
       Work short term, improve a process.
   Project Teams
       Conduct projects for users, tasks are non-routine.
   Production Teams
       Perform regular work usually in one function.
   Service Teams
       Support customers, service support roles.
   Management Teams
       Work on a daily basis.
   Action Teams
       Activated in case of emergencies.
Components to form a Virtual Team

  1.) Location - Different geography or locations of team
   members.
  2.) Culture - Team members from different
   organizations or parts of the organization.
  3.) Time - Different durations or lengths of time that
   members work together as a team.
  4.) Organizations – Organizations that are familiar
   with technology
Advantages of Virtual Teams
   Lower Cost
       lower labor, access by communication
   Opportunities
       Increased number of job options, improved resource
        utilization
   Flexibility
       Dispersed in multiple locations around the world
   Responsiveness
       Companies can be more responsive to their customers
   Improved resource utilization
       Leverage time to their advantage
Project management with Virtual teams

    Virtual project management - is the system by
    which virtual teams collaborate for a finite period
    of time towards a specific goal.




                  UMI Telepresence from Cisco
 5 Steps to a Virtual Project
                                 Project
                                 completion
                      Project
                      implementation
                Stakeholder
                team building
       Project Manager
       team building

Partner Selection
Project Management Techniques
   Trust
     Limited to physical interaction
     Language barriers
     Reliance on stereotypes complicate the building of trust
     Management must pay strong attention to facilitate the
      proper balance between the level of structure
       Solutions
               Smaller groupings
               Tenure together a longer period of time
               Work postings – keep everyone up-to-date on what is
                happening.
Techniques (cont.)
   Communication
     Videoconferencing        Systems
       Type of visual collaboration that allows groups or
       individuals from two or more locations to interact through
       interactive audio and visual transmissions.
            Ex: Cisco Telepresence Software, Skype, ooVoo, etc.


     Collaborative     Software Systems
       Usedto allow people to work together towards a common
       goal without having to meet face to face.
            Ex: CrossLoop, Virtual PC, etc.
Techniques (cont.)
   Establishing Ground rules and Norms
     Rulesmust be determined by what kind of behavior is
      acceptable in the team, how team members interact,
      and when to interact with the team
     Document rules in a shared folder
       Ex:   Dropbox, iCloud

   Constructing a Virtual Team Meeting
     Complexand difficult to organize
     Manager Preparation
Techniques (cont.)
   Organization Development
     Occurs  face to face or voice to voice mode
     Utilizing observation

     Personal interaction and relations

   Collaborative software system
     Hide or disable personal identities during information
      gatherings.
     Group support system
Conclusion

   Virtual Teams
   Project Management
   Future
     The Cloud
     Wider selection of video conferencing software

     Teleportation???
References

   Wikibooks, (April 7, 2009) “Managing Groups and
    Teams/How Do You Manage Global Virtual
    Teams?”
   Edwards, Keith, (2002) “Analysis of the
    Effectiveness of Global Virtual Teams in Software
    Engineering Projects.” (Computer Society).
   Valentine, Casey, (2010) “Virtual software team
    project management.” (Department of Computing
    and Mathematics, Ireland).

								
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