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definitions

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									                      Computer Technology Terminology

Types Of Computers:

   ●   Desktop or Personal Computer -A PC is in a form for regular use at a base.
   ●   Workstation -Is a high-end microcomputer designed for technical or scientific
       applications.
   ●   Laptop or Notebook - A computer for mobile use.
   ●   Supercomputer -A computer for processing capacity, particularly speed of calculation.
   ●   Mainframe -Powerful computers used mostly by corporate and government
       organizations.
   ●   Server -Is a physical computer used for running many services.
   ●   PDA/Handheld - Is a personal digital assistant.
Viruses:

   ●   Boot sector virus - It is a virus that infects the first sector, the book sector, or a hard
       drive.
   ●   File virus - It is a virus that infects executable type files.
   ●   Macro virus -It is a virus that infects a Microsoft Word and causes a sequence of actions
       to be performed automatically when the application is started.
   ●   Trojan Horse -is a type of malware that seems like a normal file but it’s real purpose is to
       grant a hacker unauthorized access to a computer.
   ●   Time bomb -Is a virus that is in effect at a certain time or date and the computer blacks
       out.
   ●   Worm -They are a special form of virus that uses the internet email address book to
       spread to other computers.
   ●   Logic bomb - Is a piece of code intentionally inserted into a software system that will set
       off a malicious function.
   ●   Attachments - Is a computer file sent along with an email message or anything else.
   ●   Virus Prevention -Computer systems that prevent viruses.
Networks:

   ●   Network - Is a group of computers and other hardware components interconnected.
   ●   File server - Is a computer attached to a network that has the function of providing a
       location for shared disk access.
   ●   LAN -Local area network is a computer network that interconnects computers in a small
       area.
   ●   WAN -A Wide Area Network is a network that covers a huge area.
   ●   IP address -An Internet Protocol address is a numerical label assigned to each device.

Word Processing:

   ●   Ruler Bar -It allows you to format the vertical alignment of text.
   ●   Grammar vs. Spell Check -It’s a tool that checks your Grammar or Spelling in a text.
   ●   Line Spacing -It’s the distance between the baselines of successive lines of type.
   ●   Graphics - The representation of a image.
   ●   Clipboard - Is a software that can be used for short-term data storage..
   ●   Tabs -Used for multi-tasking.
   ●   Letterhead -Is the heading at the top of a sheet.
   ●   Signature Block -Area provided for one’s signature.
   ●   Memo -A note or document used for reminders
   ●   Fax - Is the telephonic transmission of scanned printed material
   ●   Letter -Is a form of communication.
Computer Components, Hardware:

   ●   System unit - It includes the chassis, microprocessor, main memory, bus and ports.
   ●   CPU -Central processing unit is the central processor unit.
   ●   Silicon chip - It is a chip that contains millions of transistors.
   ●   Hertz -The SI unit of frequency
   ●   Ram -A type of computer memory.
   ●   ROM -A class of storage medium.
   ●   Bit - The basic capacity of information in a computer.
   ●   Byte -Unit of digital information in computing.
   ●   Kilobyte -Is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information
   ●   Megabyte - Is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information
   ●   Gigabyte -Is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information storage
   ●   Terabyte - Is a multiple of the unit byte digital information
   ●   Storage devices -For storing or recording information.
   ●   Medium/media -They are the storage and transmission channels.
   ●   Hard drive -Used to store data.
   ●   Input devices -Devices you put into your computer for use of data or syncing, etc.
   ●   Output devices -Devices you use with your computer like printers or scaners, etc.
   ●   Resolution -A measurement of digital audio quality.
   ●   Pixels - Is a physical point in a raster image.
   ●   Peripheral devices -Things such as a computer mouse, keyboard, hard drive, etc.
Computer Performance And Processing:

   ●   Boot process -It is a group of steps that a computer uses to reboot when electricity is
       gone.
   ●   Input -It’s the entrance or exit of a certain device that is inserted into a system.
   ●   Output -It’s the term used for an exit device which actives and modifies a process.
   ●   Storage -It’s technology that, of a computer components, records media used to retain
       digital data.
   ●   Processing -Is an electronic sketchbook.
   ●   Base 2 binary code - It represents numeric values using 0 and 1.
   ●   Spreadsheet -Is a computer application program for organization and to analysis
       information.
   ●   Formula -Is an entity that uses the symbols and formation rules of a logical language.
   ●   Functions - Is a relation between a set of inputs and a set of outputs.
   ●   Order of Operation -It is the order of which procedures should be performed.
   ●   Column Heading -It is the coloured row of letters, used to show each column.
   ●   Number Formatting -The arrangement of date for storage.
   ●   Active Cell -The cell that continues the value being used.
   ●   Different type of Charts -Is a graphical representation of data.
   ●   Legend -Things to be read.
   ●   Mathematical Operators -A computer performs mathematical operators, which is a
       procedure where it produces something new from one or more input values.
   ●   Rows vs. Columns - A row is a horizontal set of date or components and a column is a
       vertical line of characters from top to the bottom of the screen.
Computer Components, Software:

   ●   Program -It is a number of instructions written to perform a specific task with a computer.
   ●   Operating system -Is a software that manages computer hardware resources and gives
       normal services for programs.
   ●   Folder -A virtual container within a digital file system.
   ●   Multitasking -Doing more than one thing at a time
   ●   GUI (Graphical interface) -User interface that allows people to interact with electronic
       devices using images.
   ●   Platform -Where the combination allows software to run.
   ●   Icons -They are pictograms on a computer screen that are used to go through a
       computer system.
   ●   Menus - ?????
   ●   Application software -Is computer software designed to help the person to perform
       certain tasks.
Internet:

    ●   WWW -Is the World Wide Web.
    ●   Internet -It is a global system of interconnected computer networks.
    ●   URL -It is a uniform resource locator, which is a specific character string.
    ●   Browser -It is an application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information
        resources on the World Wide Web.
    ●   Domain (list examples) -It’s a common network name, like Facebook and Google.
    ●   Internet Service Provider -Companies that provide you your internet, like Teles and
        Shaw.
    ●   Search Engine -They are engines used to search the World Wide We.
    ●   Freeware -Is a software sold for no cost, it’s free.
    ●   Shareware -It’s a software that is provided to users for no cost and on a trial basis.
    ●   Public Domain -any program that is not copyrighted.
    ●   Keyword -Words that are used to reveal the internal structure.
    ●   Boolean Operators (And, Or, +, -, Not, “ “) -Describes how to determine a Boolean
        value.
    ●   Hyperlink - It is a reference to data that the reader can directly follow.
    ●   SPAM -It sends unsolicited bulk messages.
    ●   Phishing -A try to get information like usernames, passwords, and credit card details by
        looking like a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication.
    ●   Acceptable Use Policy (AUP) - They are a set of rules that are put there by the owner or
        the manager or a network.

Presentations:

    ●   Slide Layout - They contain formatting, positioning, and placeholders for all the stuff that
        appears in a slide.
    ●   Transition -It is an mainl part of a smooth flowing presentation.
    ●   Slide sorter view - Is a window that displays thumbnail versions of all your
        slides.
    ●   Animations -They used to make reveal new texts in a unique way.
    ●   Custom Animation -Customized to your standards to reveal new texts.
    ●   Handouts -Pamphlets that are given to the audience containing information about the
        presentation.
    ●   Slide Design -The customized view of a slide.
    ●   Action Button -It makes your presentation simpler to navigate.
    ●   Hyperlink -It’s a reference to data that the reader can directly follow.
    ●   Speaker Notes -Are notes that you can to the presentation slides to use as a reference.
    ●   Rehearse Timing -The amount of time you give to each slide.

								
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