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					IBM Rail Liberalization Index, 2002 - 2011


A1:   Overall Liberalization, 2002 - 2011

A2:   LEX, 2002 - 2011

A3:   ACCESS, 2002 - 2011

A4:   COM, 2002 - 2011

            The Makeup of the Liberalization Indices in 2011

                                              LEX (20% of overall index)
                                      (25% in 2002, 30% in 2004, 20% in 2007)
            Organizational Structure                                            25
               Incumbents' independent status with respect to the state               5
               Degree of vertical separation - network/operations                    80
               Degree of horizontal separation - freight/passenger transport         15
            Regulation of Market Access                                         45
               Market access regime for foreign RUs                                  40
               Market access regime for domestic RUs                                 40
               Legal controlled access to operational facilities                     20
            Regulatory Authority Powers                                         30
               General aspects of the regulatory authority                           30
               Scope of regulation                                                   30
               Powers of the regulatory authority                                    40
                                            ACCESS (80% of overall index)
                                      (50% in 2002, 70% in 2004, 80% in 2007)
            Information barriers                                                 5
                Duration for obtaining information                                   40
                Quality of non-personal information provided                         30
                Quality of personal information provided                             30
            Administrative barriers                                             20
                Licence                                                              35
                Safety certificate                                                   25
                Homologation of rolling stock                                        40
            Operational Barriers                                                45
                Track access conditions                                              25
                Infrastructure charging system                                       50
                Other service facilities                                             25
            Share of domestic market accessible 2009                            25
                Method of awarding transport contracts                               20
                Compliance with transparency provisions                              10
                Percentage of the accessible market for RUs                          70
            Sales services in passenger transport                                5
                Rental of space ticket sales offices                                 50
                Access to sales services                                             50




                                                                                          Page 1 of 6
IBM Rail Liberalization Index, 2002 - 2011


                                       COM (not included in overall index)
                                  (25% in 2002, not included in 2004, 2007 and 2011)
             Modal split changes                                                             20
                Change in the modal split for rail freight transport (2001 - 2008)                    40
                Change in the modal split for rail passenger transport (2001 - 2008)                  40
                Share of modal split for rail freight transport 2008                                  10
                Share of modal split for rail passenger transport 2008                                10
             Number of external RUs 2009                                                     20
                Certified RUs (excl. incumbent) in relation to network length                         40
                Ratio of active RUs to certified RUs                                                  50
                Number of active RUs providing passenger services on a regular basis                  10
             Market share external RUs 2009                                                  60
                Market share ext. RUs in terms of transport performance in %                          75
                Increase in market share of ext. RUs between 2006 and 2009 in %                       25



The Rail Liberalisation Index ( LIB Index) presents information on the relative degree of market opening
in the European rail transport markets within an enlarged EU, including Norway and Switzerland, as
observed in May 2007. The study is a benchmark for the legal and practical market access barriers seen
from the viewpoint of an external railway undertaking (RU) seeking access.
Legal access conditions, such as regulatory authority competencies and the market access regime, are
contained in the LEX sub-index (law in the books). Practical access conditions, such as barriers to
information, administrative and operational barriers, and in particular the share of the market that is
accessible to external RUs, are found in the ACCESS sub-index (law in action). The results included in
the LEX Index account for 20% of the LIB Index, with 80% accounted for by the results included in the
ACCESS Index. A separate index, the COM Index, indicates the competitive dynamics reflected in rail’s
modal split and in the market shares and number of external RUs.
Note: RU = Railway undertaking: a company which provides rail transport services.


Source: IBM, Global Business Services, Rail Liberalisation Index 2011, Figures 1, 2, 7, 11 and Tables 3, 4, 5.




                                                                                                           Page 2 of 6
Overall Liberalization, 2002 - 2011

                              2002              2004   2007   2011
Austria                        430              579    788    806
Belgium                        395              461    649    753
Bulgaria                                               652    718
Czech Republic                                  549    738    738
Denmark                        720              693    788    825
Estonia                                         257    691    729
Finland                        410              542    636    672
France                         340              305    574    612
Germany                        760              728    826    842
Greece                         210              162    559    592
Hungary                                         366    637    658
Ireland                        295              149    333    467
Italy                          560              688    676    737
Latvia                                          516    650    587
Lithuania                                       222    684    592
Luxembourg                     280              467    581    585
Netherlands                    720              695    809    817
Poland                                          549    739    737
Portugal                       380              668    707    737
Romania                                                722    726
Slovak Republic                                 458    700    738
Slovenia                                        326    665    672
Spain                          195              148    630    583
Sweden                         760              729    825    872
United Kingdom                 805              781    827    865

Norway                         390              589    698    729
Switzerland                    650              677    757    741
Empty cells: Data not available.
Note: The Overall Index includes four levels:
"Advanced" > 800 points;
"On Schedule" 600 to 800 points;
"Delayed" 300 to 600 points;
"Pending Departure" < 300 points.
LEX, 2002 - 2011

                                   2002   2004   2007   2011
Austria                            680    530    819    895
Belgium                            380    425    740    820
Bulgaria                                         722    839
Czech Republic                            530    839    786
Denmark                            860    790    821    926
Estonia                                   380    728    840
Finland                            620    640    732    729
France                             340    360    595    650
Germany                            840    750    905    935
Greece                             260    305    619    859
Hungary                                   485    731    822
Ireland                            520    180    332    414
Italy                              660    740    819    795
Latvia                                    580    683    780
Lithuania                                 260    820    730
Luxembourg                         520    530    551    669
Netherlands                        760    670    865    887
Poland                                    600    783    803
Portugal                                         829    884
Romania                                          822    783
Slovak Republic                           535    853    857
Slovenia                                  550    622    655
Spain                              300    250    711    701
Sweden                             800    680    857    960
United Kingdom                     960    940    969    980

Norway                             580    570    777    769
Switzerland                        600    605    670    678
Empty cells: Data not available.
ACCESS, 2002 - 2011

                                   2002   2004   2007   2011
Austria                            410    600    781    784
Belgium                            500    475    626    737
Bulgaria                                         653    688
Czech Republic                            560    713    726
Denmark                            770    650    780    800
Estonia                                   205    680    702
Finland                            440    505    612    657
France                             430    280    568    602
Germany                            840    720    807    819
Greece                             240    100    544    525
Hungary                                   320    613    616
Ireland                            280    130    338    481
Italy                              680    670    640    722
Latvia                                    485    642    539
Lithuania                                 210    650    558
Luxembourg                         220    440    588    564
Netherlands                        820    710    795    799
Poland                                    530    728    720
Portugal                           209    605    676    701
Romania                                          697    711
Slovak Republic                           430    662    708
Slovenia                                  230    675    676
Spain                              180    105    610    554
Sweden                             760    760    817    850
United Kingdom                     740    715    791    837

Norway                             410    595    679    719
Switzerland                        770    710    778    756
Empty cells: Data not available.
COM, 2002 - 2011

                                   2002   2004   2007   2011
Austria                            240    232    349    575
Belgium                            180    180    201    424
Bulgaria                                         241    421
Czech Republic                            215    279    422
Denmark                            480    390    498    655
Estonia                                   245    704    629
Finland                            160    140    145    156
France                             152    130    178    334
Germany                            520    505    555    615
Greece                             100    100    133    136
Hungary                                   125    275    522
Ireland                            100    100    115    120
Italy                              240    225    293    470
Latvia                                    225    313    411
Lithuania                                 165    184    120
Luxembourg                         152    120    115    104
Netherlands                        460    455    509    680
Poland                                    175    490    518
Portugal                           220    190    200    434
Romania                                          440    487
Slovak Republic                           260    381    381
Slovenia                                  120    153    337
Spain                              140    110    151    333
Sweden                             720    510    633    577
United Kingdom                     780    580    793    866

Norway                             140    135    274    482
Switzerland                        440    495    459    509
Empty cells: Data not available.

				
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