2013 Garden Calendar by BayAreaNewsGroup

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									Bay Area News Group È Saturday, January 5, 2013


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                                                                         Text by Joan Morris Illustrations by Dave Johnson

                    One of the many great things about starting a new year                           netic pace of the summer season and the peaceful quiet of the
                 is that an entire 12 months of gardening lies ahead. Terrific                       winter garden.
                 new plants to try, old favorites returning to bloom, the fre-                         To keep you on track, we offer our annual Garden Calendar.

                                                                                                                                                                  Get ready for the com-
                                                                                                                                                                  ing spring by fertilizing
                                                                                                                                                                   lawns, fruit trees and
                                                                                                                                                                     shrubs after it stops
                                                                                                                                                                       raining. Give citrus a
                                                                                                                                                                        shot of nitrogen — it
                                                                                                                                                                        will need that when
                                                                                                                                                                         the soil warms.
                                                                                                                                                                          Check your irriga-
                                                                                                                                                                          tion system for
                                                                                                                                                                          leaks and prob-
                                                                                                                                                                          lems, but don’t

                                                                                                                                                                          start it yet. If you
   January                                                                                                                                                               have a sunny patch
                                                                                                                                                                        of well-drained soil,
   Baby it’s cold out there. Protect frost-tender plants               Set out traps for yellow jackets, and spray for peach                                            you can plant herbs.
   with a light frame and cover, a string of outdoor                   leaf curl. Harvest your citrus, but don’t prune off                                            Now is a good time to
   holiday lights or by bringing them indoors or close                 frost damage. That’s a chore for the late spring. Fin-                                        plant summer bulbs
   to the house. Time to do winter weeding, before                     ish pruning your roses and give them a spray of dor-                                         — dahlia, lilies, canna
   they set seed. And watch out for snails and slugs                   mant oil to help with the pests. Plant gladiolus bulbs,                                    and Watsonia, to name
   — hand-pick, trap or use iron phosphate baits. If it’s              and start tomato, onion, peppers and eggplants                                             a few.
   too cold and wet, order spring seeds.                               indoors for transplanting in a couple of months. Use
                                                                       bottom heat for better germination.

                                                                                             May                                                                      June
                                                                                             Program your water controller                                             This isn’t the hottest
                                                                                             to irrigate early in the morning.                                        month of the year,
                                                                                                           Give trees a long,                                       but it does have the
                                                                                                             deep drink. It’s                                    highest evapotranspira-
                                                                                                               safe to plant                                    tion rates of the year. Make
                                                                                                                 tomatoes at                                    sure your plants are well-
                                                                                                                  the first of the                              hydrated, especially young
                                                                                                                  month. Be                                     seedlings. Mulching will
                                                                                                                sure you give                                   help. Thin fruit from trees,
                                                                                                                them a strong                                          and keep roses,
                                                                                                                 support cage.                                           camellias and rho-
                                                                                                                 Plant out the                                           dodendrons tidy
                                                                                                                 rest of the                                            by removing spent
   April                                                                                                        summer gar-
                                                                                                                den, and brace
                                                                                                                                                                        flowers. Check for
                                                                                                                                                                        scale crawlers (just
   This can be a tricky month as days warm and the                                                             for a bountiful                                         hatched scale), and
   rains are fickle. Keep an eye on your soil moisture,                                                      season. Trim                                                         treat with
   and water only if needed. Take soil temperature,                                                         back ornamental                                                         horticul-
   and if it’s warm enough for beets, broccoli, corn, cu-                                                grasses and knock                                                          tural oil.
   cumbers, lettuces, onions, peas, potatoes, radishes                                                those rose-munching
   and squash, go ahead and sow those beds. If your                                           aphids off with a blast of water
   spring-blooming shrubs have finished flowering, it’s                                      from the hose.
   safe to prune them.

                                                                                                                                                            Time to start dialing back
                                                                                                                                                            the irrigation. Fertilize
                                                                                                                                                            citrus, and pick pears and
                                                                                                                                                              late-season apples and
                                                                                                                                                               peaches. There’s still
                                                                                                                                                               time to start Brussels
                                                                                                                                                                  sprouts, cabbage, kale
                                                                                                                                                                     and cauliflower as
                                                                                                                                                                      well as other fall
                                                                                                                                                                      favorites. Fertilize
                                                                                                                                                                      lawns and roses
                                                                                                                                                                      for the last time
                                                                                                                                                                     this year. Get a

   July                                                                August
                                                                                                                                                                   head start on next
                                                                                                                                                                     year by sowing
   Time to prune cherries and early plums. Cut back                    We’re in the heart of the growing season, and some                                             seeds for spring-
   canes on berries; remove old growth. Those con-                     of your plants may be overladen. Prop up branches                                               blooming plants.
   tainer plants are trapped in their soil — give them                 on fruit trees to prevent limb breakage, and lift                                               Add some color to
   some fertilizer and compost to help with the work                   cucumbers and squash off the ground to keep pests                                                the winter garden
   that still lies ahead. Big time of the year for pests               from burrowing into the fruit. Harvest often. And                                                with ornamental
   and disease, so be vigilant and treat in the least toxic            while we swelter in the heat, start thinking about the                                          kale, pansies and
   ways available. Watch for verticillium and fusarium                 winter garden by sowing beets, onions, Swiss chard,                                            Iceland poppies.
   wilt on tomatoes. Remove plants if infected.                        carrots and peas.

                                                                                                   Winter approaches
                                                                                                   — time to make sure the
                                                                                                   garden is clean and ready

                                                                                                   for a quieter season.
                                                                                                   Plant cover crops to
                                                                                                   improve your soil and
                                      Traditionally, our
                                                                                                    protect it from erosion
                                   rains start this month,
                                                                                                       in the rains. Harvest
                                   so if it’s raining, turn
                                                                                                           persimmons and
                                off your sprinklers. If it
                                                                                                           walnuts, then
                              remains dry, reduce your
                                                                                                            give the trees a
                            watering schedule, but make
                                                                                                            prune. Time once
                          sure trees are deeply watered
                                                                                                              again to spray
                         once a month. Time to officially
                                                                                                                peaches and
                         say goodbye to the summer
                                                                                                                nectarines for
                         garden by cleaning out the beds
                                                                                                                peach leaf curl.     Turn off the irrigation system. Keep an eye on frost-
                         in both the vegetable and flower
                                                                                                                 You can plant       tender plants. The winter garden can be self-suf-
                         areas. If you don’t compost,
                                                                                                                  bulbs and          ficient, so you’ll have plenty of time for cleaning your
                         now would be a good time to
                                                                                                                 new trees           tools and sorting through your supplies to get rid of
                         start with all the plant material
                                                                                                                 and shrubs,         anything out of date or unused. Finish raking leaves,
                         and leaves.
                                                                                                      relying on nature to           and bury them in unused beds. By spring, they will
                                                                                                   help with the watering.           have added some nice compost to the soil.

                                       Family Compound                                                                                    marni Jameson
                                       Built with emphasis on light, air, indoor-outdoor living,                                          An industrial recycler inspires the rest of us to
                                       sustainable materials and sculptural design. page 4                                                repurpose some of our own discards. page 2

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