On the brink of food crisis by yosifmasr


									                                   On the brink of food crisis
  In 1970 there were seven Arab countries exported food to the outside, but today has
 become all the Arab countries import more than it exports, so the value of imports of
food commodities Arabs $ 20 billion annually, representing about 30 per cent of their
 food needs. Adding to the current food gap exacerbate the problem of water shortage
and the presence of 13 Arab states near or below the water poverty line. And produces
the Arab countries combined is less than (70%) of its food needs, and will continue to
   decrease in the proportion produced by Arabs in the coming years to reach the year
     2050 to 50%, which is a real challenge for all Arab governments under the steady
      growth of the population, the lower contribution of the agricultural sector in the
      composition of output domestic product (GDP), and the high cost of agricultural
     production is also due to the heavy reliance on imported supplies and agricultural
            .production inputs of seeds, machinery and fertilizers and pesticides
 The next crisis and economic problems that make it difficult for Arabs measure 20 or
  30 billion dollars to be able to continue to import the quantities of food that does not
       produce, the shortage of food products worldwide (due to changes and climatic
    disasters) and price increases (due to increased world population and the economic
    crisis) will further imbalance and economic inability to achieve food security both
                              .nationally and at the national level
    And in spite of all the waste that struck the possibilities of the Arab countries, but
     there is still some possibilities that are still available and sufficient to bring about
 change if you find a sincere desire for change. The total area available for agriculture
in the Arab world 198 million hectares, not exploit them now only 40 million hectares
     just any only 20%, which means that the Arab world today can produce food five
      times what is currently producing and issued food for the world or achieve self-
                                       .sufficiency at least
   As a result of agricultural properties for most of the Arab countries, they can not in
 any way to achieve food self-sufficiency, and therefore must raise sufficient funds to
 import Maysd deficit in food of the few countries that will remain able and willing to
  export to these countries. This underscores the need to logical solutions and process,
   lies in the first national policy in each country individually to produce all that could
      be produced locally at a cost compatible with the logic of the economy and then
       regional coordination, especially Arab produce deficits in areas imposed by the
    principles of economics and some politics, to achieve food security the local level
                            .through work and regional production
 The British company Maplecroft specializes in risk analysis annually indicator of the
   risk of food insecurity, and based on this indicator to 12 standard, was developed in
   collaboration with the World Food Programme. These standards include the rate of
      per capita income and the risk of extreme climate changes and conflicts and the
  quality of infrastructure. The study showed that included 163 countries to determine
 the Index 2010 that Sudan is one of the countries at risk of 'super' for food insecurity,
 and Yemen in the same location in the index last year. If so with Sudan, which is the
  food basket Arab, Yemen agricultural state with a history of outstanding, what is the
                             ?case in the rest of the Arab countries

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