Azerbaijan – United Kingdom relations
The UK recognise of Independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan on 26th
On 11th March 1992 the diplomatic relations between the two countries were re-
The Embassy of the UK in Baku was opened in September 1993.
The Embassy of the Azerbaijan Republic in London was established in January
19-23 February 1994. The state visit of H.Aliyev, the President of Azerbaijan, to
May, 1995. H.Aliyev, the President of Azerbaijan paid the visit to the UK to take
part at the celebration of 50th anniversary of the victory over fascism. The meeting
with the UK Prime Minister Mr. G.Mayor was held.
October, 1995. Azerbaijan Economy Conference, organized by Adam Smith
Institute was held in London. H.Aliyev, the President of Azerbaijan took part in the
19-24 July, 1998. The official visit of H.Aliyev, the President of Azerbaijan, to the
5-8 June 2000. The visit of the delegation, headed by Mr B.Wilson, the UK State
Minister, to Baku for participation in the “Caspian gas & oil 2000” exhibition.
2 July 2000. The visit of the delegation, headed by Mr. A.Abbasov, the first deputy
of the Prime Minister of Azerbaijan, to the UK.
25-27 February 2001. The political consultations with Mr.Pringle, the head of the
FO East Department, were held in Baku.
3-6 December 2001. The political consultations with Mr.Hajiyev, MFA Head of
Department, were held in London.
30 March 2002. Mr. V.Guliyev, the Minister Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan, visited
London to take part in the funeral ceremony of Queen Anna.
31 May – 3 June 2002. The visit of the UK Parliamentary delegation to Baku.
3 – 5 June 2002. The visit of Mr. B.Wilson, the UK Minister of Industry and
Energy to Baku to participate in “Oil and Gas 2002” exhibition. The meeting with
President H.Aliyev was held.
12-16 June 2002. Mr. M.Oliver, the Mayor of London visited Baku and discussed
the cooperation between the two capitals.
27 June – 1 July 2002. The delegation of Milli Majlis held the meeting with the
South Caucasus parliament members in London, organized by LINKS.
11-13 September 2002. The visit of Lord Janner, the UK Parliament Lord’s
Chamber member, to Azerbaijan.
3 October 2002. The visit of Mr. J.MacClasky, the UK Parliament Lord’s Chamber
member and the director of J.Smith foundation, to Baku.
7-11 October 2002. The visit of Mr. J.MacWilyam, the UK Parliament Chamber of
representatives’ member, to Baku.
2-5 November 2002. The visit of Mr. D.Shroder, the deputy of the head of South
department of CFO, to hold consultation with MFA.
5-6 December 2002. The SOCAR president Mr. N.Aliyev and SOCAR first vice-
president I.Aliyev held the meeting in London dedicated to Kazakhstan join BCT
pipeline project, organized by the US State Department.
30 April – 2 May 2002. The visit of the UK-Azerbaijan society president Lord
Frazer to Baku.
5 May 2003. The visit of the UK special representative on the South Caucasus Mr.
B.Fall to Azerbaijan.
17 June 2003. Mr. I.Aliyev, SOCAR first vice-president took the part on the EITI
international conference in London organized by IDAM and on the initiative of the
Prime Minister T. Blair.
16 - 18 September 2003. The political consultations with Ms. L.Daffield, the
director of FCO East Europe Department were held in Azerbaijan.
27 – 28 November 2003. The political consultations with Mr. Bat, the FCO East
Department director, Mr. J.Ervin, FCO East Europe and Middle East Department
director, and Mr. Pay, the representative of the Defence Ministry, were held in
15 – 20 February 2004. His Royal Highness the prince of Kent paid the visit to
Azerbaijan and held meetings with president I.Aliyev and other officials.
17 February 2004. The UK Ambassador to Azerbaijan L.Bristow presented his
credentials to President I. Aliyev.
25 -27 April 2004. The visit of the UK Government special representative on the
South Caucasus Mr. B.Fall to Azerbaijan.
12 December 2004. The visit of Mr. Smith, the FCO East Department director, to
13-14 December 2004. The President of Azerbaijan I.Aliyev paid an official visit
to the UK. The Joint Communiqué was adopted during the visit.
7- 10 February 2005. The visit of the Caucasus Politics Institution director Mr.
D.Korbay to Azerbaijan.
24- 26 May 2005. His Royal Highness the Duke of York paid the visit to
Azerbaijan to represent the UK at the celebration of the “First Oil” to enter the
BCT pipeline and to hold meetings with president I.Aliyev.
5-6 October 2005. The visit of Sir.M.Kumpbell, the UK Parliament Member, and
Mr.E.MacLennon, the director of J.Smith Memorial Foundation, to Azerbaijan.
The meeting with President I.Aliyev and E.Mammadyarov, MFA, were held.
27-29 October 2005. The delegation of the UK Chairmanship of EU Troika paid
the visit to Azerbaijan to discuss EU-Azerbaijan relationships.
29 June- 3 July 2006. His Royal Highness the Duke of York paid the visit to
11 April 2007. The visit of Sir.Havel, the UK Parliament Lord’s Chamber member,
12 April 2007. The visit of Sir. Frazer, the president of Anglo-Azerbaijan society
6-8 June 2007. The visit of the delegation of the UK Parliament chamber of
representatives’ to Azerbaijan. The meeting with President I.Aliyev and Mr.
E.Mammadyarov, MFA, were held.
21 September 2007. The UK Secretary of State for Energy M.Viks paid the visit to
Azerbaijan and held the meetings with President I.Aliyev and Mr.
24-25 September 2007. Mr.Mour, the UK Parliament member, paid the visit to
Baku and met to the Minister Foreign Affairs E.Mammadyarov.
1-2 October 2007. His Royal Highness the Duke of York paid the visit to
9 November 2007. The political consultations with Mr. Davenport, the director of
the FO’s Russia, South Caucasus and Central Asia department, in Baku.
13-18 December 2007. The visit of the delegation of Milli Majlis to the UK.
7 May 2008. Mr.J.Morfi, Deputy Minister FCO, paid the visit to Azerbaijan and
held the meetings with President I.Aliyev and E.Mammadyarov, MFA.
The basement of the current UK-Azerbaijan bilateral relation was found during the
official visits of the President H.Aliyev to the Great Britain that were held in 1994
and in 1998.
The official visit of the President I.Aliyev to the UK on 13-14 December 2004 as
well as the two countries high officials’ mutual visits created favourable conditions
for further bilateral relations development.
The two countries are interested in development of the political dialog and
cooperation between legislative and executive institutions. FCO and MFA of
Azerbaijan curry out regular consultations to strengthen bilateral relations
The UK supports the peaceful resolution of the Armenian – Azerbaijanian,
Nagorny Karabakh conflict on the base of internationally recognized norms and
principles of international law. Especially, on the base of sovereignty, territorial
integrity and inviolable frontiers principles, the UN Charter articles, relevant
resolutions of the UN Security Council and OSCE decisions. The UK recognizes
sovereignty and territorial integrity of Azerbaijan with Nagorny Karabakh area
The official FCO position is the UK considers that any settlement of the conflict
should be based on the sovereignty of Azerbaijan and the real autonomy of
Nagorny Karabakh’s population. The policy on this matter is that the UK
recognizes any mechanism acceptable for the parties in the conflict, which help
find real condition for political resolution of the conflict. The international
community doesn’t recognize the independence of Nagorny Karabakh. The UK is
not a member of the Minsk Group, but strongly supports the Minsk Group’s
activity. Since 2003 Mr. B.Fall has been the UK special representative on the
The Azerbaijan Republic and the UK mutually cooperate within the UN, OSCE,
NATO, the EU and other international organizations frameworks and are interested
to develop the effective cooperation.
Azerbaijan and the UK tightly cooperate within the frameworks of the Euro-
Atlantic Partnership Council, NATO’s Partnership for Peace Program and the
Individual Partnership Action Plan. Azerbaijan uses the UK ability for
consultations, technical and financial supports to joint the Euro-Atlantic Structures.
As a result of the cooperation 8 - 10 officers of the Azerbaijan Army are
participating in the language course in Britain yearly. Besides that, on the UK’s
initiative every year 1 - 2 officers have training courses at the Peacekeepers Centre
in the Check Republic.
The UK promoted the participation of Azerbaijan in the next stage of the Euro-
Atlantic Structures integration process – “The Wider Europe - New
Neighbourhood Policy” and is supporting Individual Action Plan for Azerbaijan.
The UK also supports Azerbaijan to joint WTO.
Besides that, Azerbaijan and the UK cooperate in fighting against international
terrorism, aggressive separatism, illegal drugs turnover, trans-border organized
crime, arms and human trafficking and other issues.
On 28th January 2004 the UK FCO State Secretary Mr. J.Straw in his letter
addressed to the MFA of Azerbaijan expressed thanks to the Azerbaijan regiment
in Iraq for the merits in protecting peace and stability in Nejhaf.
On 13th September 2006 the UK voted for submitting of draft resolution “Long-
term Conflicts on the territories of GUAM member-states: its impact on
international peace, security and development” on the agenda of the UN GA 61th
On 14th March 2008 the UK, standing on joint EU position, abstained from voting
for the UN GA resolution, entitled “The situation in the occupied territories of
There is Azerbaijan-British Friendship Group in Milli Majlis. The Chairman of the
group is Chingiz Asadullayev. The group has 15 members.
20-22 September 2000. Baroness S.Wilmorhil, the UK Parliament Lord’s Chamber
member, and Denis Sammut, the chief executive officer of non-government
organization on peaceful resolution of ethnic conflicts “LINKS” paid a visit to
31 May-3 June 2002. Lord Ahmad, Lord Alton, Robert Weyring and Lord Hilton,
the UK Parliament Lord’s Chamber and Chamber of representatives’ members
paid a visit to Azerbaijan.
27 June - 1 July 2002. The Parliamentary delegation of Azerbaijan visited London
to represent Azerbaijan on South Caucasus meeting, organized by NGO “LINKS”.
11-13 September 2002. Lord Canner visited Azerbaijan.
3 December 2002. The UK Parliament Lord’s Chamber member and J.Smith
Foundation Chief executive officer Jones McClasky visited Azerbaijan.
7-11 October 2002. On initiative of the Embassy of the Azerbaijan Republic in the
UK J. McWilliam, the UK Parliament Chamber of representatives’ member visited
30 April -2 May 2003. The Anglo-Azerbaijani Society President Lord Frazer
5-6 October 2005. The UK Parliamentary deputies Sir M.Kumpbell and the
director of Jones Smith Memorial Foundation E.McLennon visited Azerbaijan and
were received by the President of the Azerbaijan Republic I.Aliyev and MFA
June 2006. The Anglo-Azerbaijani Society President Lord Frazer visited Baku and
held the meeting with the President I.Aliyev.
12 October 2006. The UK Parliamentary members visited Baku and were received
by the President I.Aliyev.
30 November 2006. Baroness Ocathain visited Azerbaijan and was received by the
President I.Aliyev and MFA E.Mammadyarov.
11 April 2007. On Minister of Industry and Energy N.Aliyev’s invitation Lord
Havel, the member of UK Parliament Lord’s Chamber, visited Azerbaijan.
12 April 2007. The Anglo-Azerbaijani Society President Lord Frazer visited
Azerbaijan and was received by the President I.Aliyev.
6-8 June 2007. The delegation of UK Parliament Chamber of representatives’
Committee of International Relations within the framework of “Russia:
International Security” visited Azerbaijan. During the visit the delegation was
received by the President I.Aliyev and MFA E.Mammadyarov.
21 September 2007. The UK Secretary of State for Energy M.Viks visited
Azerbaijan and held the meeting with President I.Aliyev and MFA
24-25 September 2007. The UK Liberal Democrats Party shadow cabinet Minister
of Foreign Affaires and the member of British Parliament M.Mour visited
Azerbaijan and held the meeting with the officials of MFA.
1-2 October 2007. His Royal Highness the Duke of York paid the visit to
Azerbaijan and was received by the President I.Aliyev and Mrs. M. Aliyeva.
9 November 2007. The director of the FO’s Russia, South Caucasus and Central
Asia department visited Azerbaijan and held the meeting with the officials of
18-20 June 2008. Lord B.George, the UK Parliament Chamber of representatives’
member and Azerbaijan-British Inter-Parliamentary Groups Chairman, Lord
Ahmad and Lord Frazer, the UK Parliament Lord’s Chamber members are to
participate at the celebration of 90th anniversary of Milli Majlis (the Azerbaijani
Trade and economic relations between Azerbaijan and the United Kingdom
Year 2007 2008
Trade $ 377.3 $ 0,85
Imports $ 374.5 $0,83
Exports $ 2.8 $ 0,03
Britain is the largest foreign investor of Azerbaijan with over 100 British
companies operating in the country and occupies 8th place among other investor-
countries. In 2007 The British investments were 1.2 billion dollars and reached to
42% of total foreign investments.
Azerbaijan cooperates with the United Kingdom on the field of exploitation and
transportation of Caspian oil and gas. Hereby, BP, Baku-Jones Brown, BUE
Caspian Limited, R&M Caspian LTD and other companies operate in Azerbaijan.
BP Azerbaijan Company operates in Azerbaijan since 1992. BP participates in
BCT - the main oil export pipeline, Azeri-Chirag-Guneshli, Shahdeniz, Inam and
Araz-Alov-Sherq perspective oil and gas fields exploitation.
The mutual visits of officials promote the development of economic cooperation
between the two countries. Therefore, the UK State Minister of Industry and
Energy paid a visit in Azerbaijan to take part at the “Caspian Oil & Gaz 2000” and
“Oil-Gaz 2002” exhibitions in 2000 and 2002.
17 July 2003. The vice-chairman and the member of board of Parliament Assembly
of Council of Europe and the first vice-chairman of SOCAR Ilham Aliyev
participated at international conference on the UK Prime-Minister’s T.Blair and the
Ministry of International Development initiative in London.
9 February 2005. The delegation of Department of International Support of the UK
Ministry of Custom and Excise Tax visited Azerbaijan.
Cultural and Humanitarian Cooperation:
There is an excellent tradition of cultural and humanitarian links between the two
Every year 5-6 students and one professor enter to the different British universities.
British Council has operated in Azerbaijan for 12 years and organizes events and
exchanges in the field of the arts, educations, governance and science. It runs
English language courses for the stuff of some ministries and the Military
29 January 2005. The charity party dedicated to poet R.Burns was held by Anglo-
Azerbaijani Society in Aberdeen.
16-22 May 2005, The concerts “Jazz Summit” sponsored by British Council were
held with the participation of Azerbaijani and British performers.
July 2005. The book “Great Britain: 100 questions” was published in Azeri by
Anglo-Azerbaijani Youth Organization.
October 2005. The British Embassy offered 300 books in English to the Lenkaran
December 2005. The British Council started to release 5 months lasting the
“European Community and I” project with participation of the UK, Azerbaijan,
Cyprus, Turkey, Bulgaria, Serbia and Montenegro, Macedonia, Rumania and
Armenia. In Azerbaijan this project was transmitted 12 times on “Space” channel
in a form of open debate.
16-21 December 2005. The British Scientific Week was held by the British
1 November 2006. The Ambassador of the UK L.Bristow met to the students of
Azerbaijan State Economic University and delivered lectures on “The actual
relations and perspectives of economic cooperation between Azerbaijan and the
The British Government offered 1 million pounds (1.8 million USA $) to the
projects of the International Trust Fund for De-mining and Mine Victims
Assistance (ITF) in Albania, Bosnia-and-Herzegovina, Serbia-Montenegro and
24-30 November 2006. The famous Azeri rap group “Dayirman” held the concert
3-6 April 2007. The events dedicated to Azerbaijan culture, literature and music
were held in London.
24 April 2007. The UK Parliament Lord’s Chamber member Lord Ahmad visited
Azerbaijan. During the visit Lord Ahmad held the meeting with the professor stuff
and the students of Baku State University.
13-16 May 2006. On Anglo-Azerbaijani Society’s invitation Hicran Huseynova,
the chairman of State Committee for Family, Woman and Children Problems,
visited the UK.
17-18 May 2007. The Azerbaijan Republic Minister of Education M.Mardanov
paid the visit to the UK.
10 October 2007. The Chief executive officer of Azerbaijan Republic Mortgage
Fund F.Mammadov visited the UK and had the talks with the officials of London
16 January 2007. The young Azeri violinist Nasrin Rashidova gave the concert in
British Royal Music Academy.
The numbers of Azeri organizations was founded in UK to support Azerbaijan-
British relationships in all spheres and to improve economic, social and political
conditions of Azeris. Some of these organizations are listed below:
1. Motherland, Azerbaijan Development Society
Chairman: Murad Oguz Hasanli
Address: 29 Whitley House, Churchill Gardens, London SW1V 3BH, United
Tel/fax: +44 7881 504255
2. British-Azerbaijan Union
Chairman: Faramaz Akbarian,
Address: P.O.Box 3527 Brajknell Berkshire RG12 8 LC
Tel/fax: +44 118 977 27 58
3. Azerbaijani Turks Society
Chairman: Shahrux Mazhari
Tel: + 44 208 441 03 47
4. Azerbaijan Society
Chairman: Taleh Haydarov
Society under the London Economic and Political Sciences High School
Society was established in January 2005.
5. Azerbaijani Youth Club
Club was established in July 2005.
Chairman: Vusal Hamzaev
Address: 108 The Mall Harrow, Middlesex HA3 9TG
6. Caspian-Khazri (London Azerbaijan School)
Director: Simuzar Baloglanova
Address: 76 B/C Fore Street, Edmonton, London N18 2SL
Tel: 00 44 (0) 7747 173733
Consular issues are carried out by consular offices in the British Embassy in the
Azerbaijan Republic and the Embassy of the Azerbaijan Republic in the United
Kingdom and Northern Ireland.
16 documents were signed between the government of United Kingdom and the
government of Azerbaijan:
1. Joint Declaration on friendship and co-operation of 23 February 1994;
2. Agreement of cooperation in education, science and culture of 23 February
3. Convention between the government of United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland and the government of Azerbaijan for the avoidance of double
taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and
capital gains. Ratified by Parliament on 29 September 1995; decision number
1119. Note number 903 was send to the Embassy of United Kingdom in
4. Memorandum on energy cooperation of 23 February 1994;
5. Agreement on cooperation in air transportation of 23 February 1994;
6. Memorandum of understanding on Communication of 23 February 1994;
7. Memorandum on understanding between the government of United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Northern Ireland on Unrestricted Freedom to Travel of February
8. Memorandum on understanding between the government of United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the government of Azerbaijan represented
by the State oil company of the Azerbaijan Republic and Azerneftekimmash
concerning The sharing of experiences and practices adopted in the exploitation of
oil and gas reserves around the world of 23 May 1995;
9. Memorandum of understanding on establishment of the Azerbaijan-British
Trade and Industry Council of 29 November 1995;
10. Agreement on protection and promotion of investments of 4 January 1996;
11. Joint Declaration for mass media of 4 January 1996;
12. Memorandum of understanding on customs of 7 July 1997;
13. Joint declaration on friendly relations and partnership between the government
of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the government of
Azerbaijan of 21 July 1998;
14. Memorandum of understanding on defense cooperation of 21 August 2004;
15. Memorandum between the State Border Committee of Azerbaijan Republic
and the Directory of Migration and Nationality of Home Office of United
Kingdom of 29 September 2004, Baku. Ratified by Parliament on 7 December
2004; decision number 800-IIQ.
Brief information about
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Country name: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Area: 244,820 sq km
Administrative divisions: England - 47 boroughs, 36 counties; 29 London
boroughs, 12 boroughs, 10 districts, 3 royal
Natural resources: coal, petroleum, natural gas, lead, zinc, salt, clay,
chalk, gypsum, manganese
Population: 60.943.912 (July 2008 est.)
Growth rate: 0.276% (2008 est.)
Median age: total: 39.9 years
female: 41 years
male: 38.8 years
Ethnic groups: english 83.6%,
northern irish 2.9%,
other 6.5% (pakistan, indian, mixted...)
Religions: Catholic- 40 million
Muslim - 1.5 million
Presbyterian - 800.000
Methodist - 760.000
Hindu - 500.000
Hebrew - 350.000
National currency: funt sterlinq (1=100 pens)
National holiday: Kraliçanın ad günü (1926-cı ildə anadan olmuşdur;
bayram günü hər il hökumətin qərarı ilə adətən iyun
ayının şənbə günlərindən birinə təyin edilir).
Governement type: Constitutional monarchy. Unwritten, partly statutes, partly
common law and practice.
Executive branch: Chief of state: actually Queen Elizabeth II (since 6
head of government: Prime Minister Gordon BROWN
(since 27 June 2007)
cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the prime
elections: the monarchy is hereditary; following
legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or
the leader of the majority coalition is usually the prime
bicameral Parliament consists of House of Lords (618 seats; consisting of
approximately 500 life peers, 92 hereditary peers, and 26 clergy) and House of
Commons (646 seats since 2005 elections; members are elected by popular vote to
serve five-year terms unless the House is dissolved earlier)
elections: House of Lords - no elections; House of Commons - last held 5 May
2005 (next to be held by May 2010).
election results: House of Commons - percent of vote by party - Labor 35.2%,
Conservative 32.3%, Liberal Democrats 22%, other 10.5%; seats by party - Labor
355, Conservative 198, Liberal Democrat 62, other 31; seats by party in the House
of Commons as of 30 January 2008 - Labor 352, Conservative 193, Liberal
Democrat 63, Scottish National Party/Plaid Cymru 9, Democratic Unionist 9, Sinn
Fein 5, other 15. 27 June 2007 G.Brown was elected like a Prime-Minister.
Suffrage: 18 years of age
Political Parties and Leaders:
Conservative was created in 1867 on the basis of Tories; one million members,
Leader – David Cameron;
Democratic Unionist Party (Northern Ireland), Leader - Ian Paisley;
Labor Party – was founded in 1890, 400 thousands members, Leader - Gordon
Liberal Democrats was created in 1988 like a results of Liberal and Social-
Democrats Parties union; leader - Nick Clegg;
Scottish National Party or SNP; Leader - Alex Salmond;
Ulster Unionist Party (Northern Ireland); Leader - Sir Reg Empey;
Party of Wales; Leader - Ieuan Wyn JONES;
Sinn Fein (Northern Ireland), Leader - Gerry ADAMS;
Machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad
equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and
communications equipment, metals, chemicals, paper and paper products,
food processing, textiles, clothing, other consumer goods.
GDP (purchasing power parity): $2.147 trillion (2007 est.)
GDP real growth rate: 2.9% (2007)
GDP(per capita): $35,300 (2007 est.)
Oil production: 2.393 mln bbl/day (2006)
Oil consumption: 1.722 mln bbl/day (2006)
Oil exports: 1.498 mln bbl/day (2006)
Oil imports: 1.084 mln bbl/day (2006)
Oil proved reserves: 4.5 billion bbl (January 2006)
Natural gases proved reserves: 628.6 billion cu m (January 2006)
Agriculture products: cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables; cattle,
sheep, poultry; fish;
Labor force by occupation: agriculture: 1.4%
services: 80.4% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 30.71 million (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate: 5.4 % (2007 est.)
Budget: revenues: $ 1.115 trillion
expenditures: $ 1.237 trillion (2007 est.)
Exports: $ 415.6 billion (2007 est.)
Exports partners: Germany 10.9%, France 10.4%, Ireland
7.1%, Netherlands 6.3, US 13.9%, (2006)
Imports: $ 595.6 billion (2007 est.)
Imports partners: Germany 12.8%, US 8.9%, France 6.9%,
Netherlands 6.6%, Norway 4.9%, Belgium
Military expenditures: $ 42.8 billion
Military expenditures 2.4% (2006)
percent of GDP:
in 2002, Gibraltar residents voted overwhelmingly by referendum to reject any
"shared sovereignty" arrangement between the UK and Spain; the Government of
Gibraltar insists on equal participation in talks between the two countries;
Spain disapproves of UK plans to grant Gibraltar greater autonomy; Mauritius and
Seychelles claim the Chagos Archipelago (British Indian Ocean Territory), and its
former inhabitants since their eviction in 1965;
most Chagossians reside in Mauritius, and in 2001 were granted UK citizenship,
where some have since resettled; in May 2006, the High Court of London reversed
the UK Government's 2004 orders of council that banned habitation on the islands;
UK rejects sovereignty talks requested by Argentina, which still claims the
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich
territorial claim in Antarctica (British Antarctic Territory) overlaps Argentine
claim and partially overlaps Chilean claim;
Iceland, the UK, and Ireland dispute Denmark's claim that the Faroe Islands'
continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm.