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					       Bullying Frayer Model
• Definition:         • Characteristics
                      •   Making someone do something
                          they don’t want to do.
                      •   Abusing someone for your benefit

• Examples            • Non-examples
                      •   Letting someone make their own
                      •   Putting others needs first.

• Non-Linguistic Representation
Imperialism Unit Day One

Western powers competed in many
       areas of the World.
Imperialists Divide Africa
              1. Note three motives
                 behind the European
                 race for colonies.
              • Economic competition
                 for markets and raw
              • National pride and
              • Missionaries’ desire to
                 Christianize and
                 “civilize” non-
                 European peoples.
      Imperialists Divide Africa
2. Note two
   advantages Europeans
   had over the Africans.
• Superior weapons,
   railroads, cables, and
• Quinine to protect
   themselves from
Imperialists Divide Africa
                3. Note two internal
                   factors that made
                   Africa vulnerable
                   to European
                • Africans’ great
                   diversity of
                   languages and
                   cultures (Ethnic
                • Lower level of
                   technology and
         Imperialists Divide Africa
4. Note two outcomes of the
   Berlin Conference in
   1884 and 1885.
• Agreement among 14
   European nations about
   how to divide Africa
   among European
• Arbitrary distribution of
   African ethnic and
   linguistic groups among
   European nations (notable
   transformation for most
   African cultures)
Imperialists Divide Africa

            5. Name three groups that
               clashed over territory and
               resources in South Africa.
            • Zulus
            • Boers (Dutch)
            • British
     Imperialists Divide Africa

6. Note one outcome of
   the Boer War.
• Creation of self-
   governing Union of
   South Africa
   controlled by the
 Today’s Assignment: European
Imperialism in Africa Worksheet

      Imperialism Test:
Friday, March 9th (next Friday)
Imperialism Unit Day Two

 Forms of Imperialism shaped
  behaviors in foreign lands.
         Forms of Imperialism

Form          Definition       Example

Colony        A country or a   Somaliland in
              territory        East Africa was
              governed         a French colony.
              intentionally by
              a foreign power.
        Forms of Imperialism

Form           Definition           Example

Protectorate   A country or         Britain
               territory with its   established a
               own internal         protectorate
               government but       over the Niger
               under the            River delta.
               control of an
               outside power.
        Forms of Imperialism
Form         Definition         Example

Sphere of    An area in         Liberia was
Influence    which an outside   under the sphere
             power claims       of influence of
             exclusive          the United
             investment or      States.
        Forms of Imperialism
Form          Definition         Example

Economic      An independent     The Dole Fruit
Imperialism   but less-          company
              developed          controlled
              country            pineapple trade
              controlled by      in Hawaii.
              private business
              interests rather
              than other
    Imperial Management Methods
Indirect Control            Direct Control
•Local government           •Foreign officials brought
officials used              in to rule.
•Limited self-rule          •No self-rule.
•Goal: to develop future    •Goal: assimilation
leaders                     •Government institutions
•Government institutions    are based on European
are based on European       styles.
styles but may have local
    Imperial Management Methods
Indirect Control            Direct Control
Examples:                   Examples:
•British colonies such as   •French colonies such as
Nigeria, India, and         Somaliland, Vietnam.
Burma.                      •German colonies such as
•U.S. colonies on Pacific   German East Africa.
Islands.                    •Portugeese colonies such
                            as Angola.
Today’s Assignment: Gandhi Twitter
    Page due next Wednesday.

       Imperialism Test:
     March 9th (next Friday)
Imperialism Learning Packet
         Day Three

Africa was transformed by Imperialist
         nations of Europe
                Causes of Imperialism
    To gain power,
   European nations
 compete for colonies
      and trade.

    Economic                       Europeans exerted
                                   influence over the
   Competition                  economic, political, and
Demand for raw materials        social lives of the people
and new markets spurs a              they colonized
  search for colonies.

Missionary Spirit
Europeans believe they
  must spread their
 Christian teachings to
       the world.
            Effects of Imperialism
                               Europeans control land
                               and people in areas of
                               Africa, Asia, and Latin

   Europeans exerted          Europeans control trade
   influence over the          in the colonies and set
economic, political, and
social lives of the people
                              up dependent cash-crop
     they colonized                  economies.

                              Christianity is spread to
                              Africa, India, and Asia.
Patterns of Change
          1. How did the British
             control Nigeria and
             other British
          • Indirectly by
             allowing existing
             political rulers to
             govern under British
             authority and local
             officials to manage
             daily affairs.
              Patterns of Change

2. What method of
   management did the
   French use with their
• Direct control through
   policies of paternalism
   and assimilation.
Patterns of Change
       3. How did Algeria’s resistance
          to French rule differ from the
          East Africans’ resistance to
          German rule?
       • Algeria used active resistance,
          whereas East Africans used a
          spiritual defense that included
          the belief that magic water
          sprinkled on their bodies
          would ward off European
               Patterns of Change
4. Why was Ethiopia
   able to successfully
   resist European rule?
• Emperor Menelik II
   took advantage of
   rivalries among
   Italians, French, and
   British to build an
   arsenal. He later
   declared war and
   defeated the Italians at
   the Battle of Adowa.
Patterns of Change
      5. How did Africans benefit from
         colonial rule?
      • Colonialism reduced local
         warfare; in some colonies it
         improved education,
         sanitation, transportation, and
         communication for the
         Africans. In addition, African
         products came to be valued on
         the international market.
                Patterns of Change
6. What were the negative
   consequences of colonial
   rule for the African
• Death from European
   diseases to which Africans
   had previously not been
   exposed and from active
   resistance to European rule,
   loss of property, famine,
   breakdown in traditional way
   of life, artificial political
   divisions that would lead to
   ethnic and civil wars.
   Today’s Assignment: European Imperialism
      in Africa Worksheet due tomorrow.

           Imperialism Test: Friday
Study Session Thursday @ 3 P.M. or Friday @ 7:40 A.M.
Imperialism Learning Packet
          Day Four

Similarities and Differences
in Imperialism in Africa and
• British       •Fueled by market forces (raw
                materials, more customers) of the     • British,
                Industrial Revolution                 French,
•Indirect                                             Spanish,
Rule first,     •Economic exploitation (labor and     Portugeese,
then Direct     resources) by colonial rulers.        Belgian,
Rule (p.2)      •Borders created by colonial rulers   German, and
                disregarded cultural and ethnic       Italian
•Use of
                diversity                             colonies.
resistance,     •Imperialism glorified by colonial    •Direct and
civil           rulers                                Indirect Rule
disobedience,                                         (last Friday)
and non-        •Independence demanded
violence                by natives
    Today’s Assignment: Complete Tweets
       as Gandhi on your Twitter Page.

           Imperialism Test: Friday
Study Session: Thursday @ 3 P.M. or Friday @ 7:40 A.M.
Imperialism Learning Packet
          Day Five

  Western Powers ruled
    Southeast Asia
     British Imperialism in India
1. Led by Robert Clive,
   company troops
   defeated Indian forces
   at the Battle of Plassey
   after Muhghal rule had
   become weak.
• East India Company
  gains control of India.
British Imperialism in India
               2. British establish a railroad
                  network in India.
               • Railroads transported raw
                  products from the interior
                  to the ports.
               • British make more profits
                  in India.
               • Modern economy develops
                  in India.
       British Imperialism in India
3. British restricted Indian
   owned industries such as
   cotton textiles and
   reduced food production
   in favor of cash crops.
• Villagers are no longer
   self sufficient.
• Food production declines
• Famine sets in.
       British Imperialism in India
4. The Sepoy Mutiny occurs
   and uprisings spread over
   much of northern India
• British government
   assumes direct control of
• Racism and mutual
   distrust are intensified.
        British Imperialism in India
5. Calls by reformers
   for India to
   nationalist feelings,
   resentment over
   British discriminatory
• Indians form the
   Indian National
• Call for self-
   government (home-
British Imperialism in India
               6. British partition
                  Bengal into Hindu and
                  Muslim sections.
               • Acts of terrorism
                  forced British to
                  divide the province
                  which stopped much
                  of the violence in
   Today’s Assignment: Complete
         Avitar Questions

        Imperialism Test: This Friday
Study Session Thursday @ 3 P.M. or Friday @ 7:40 A.M.
Imperialism Learning Packet
          Day Six

  Western Powers ruled
    Southeast Asia
        Western Powers Rule Southeast Asia
1. Dutch East India
• Lands Claimed:
   Malacca, Java,
   Sumatra, Borneo,
   Celebes, Moluccas,
   Bali, Indonesia
• Major Products: Oil,
   Tin, Rubber
• Impact of
   Creation of a rigid
   social class structure.
Western Powers Rule Southeast Asia
                 2. British
                 • Lands Claimed: Malay
                    Peninsula, Burma
                 • Immigration Policy:
                    Encouraged Chinese to
                    immigrate to Malaysia.
                 • Impact of
                    Colonialization: Racial
                    conflict between Malay
                    minority and Chinese
                    majority, economic
                    growth, and
     Western Powers Rule Southeast Asia

3. French
• Lands claimed: Vietnam,
   Laos, Cambodia
• Method of management:
   Direct colonial
• Impact of Colonization:
   Decline of local
   industries, less food for
Western Powers Rule Southeast Asia
                4. Americans
                • Lands claimed: Guam,
                   Philippine Islands, Puerto
                   Rico, Hawaii
                • Method of management:
                   Some preparation for
                   colonial self-rule.
                • Impact of Colonialization:
                   Economic exploitation,
                   modernization, U.S.
                   business interests are
                   expanded around the world.
     Western Powers Rule Southeast Asia
5. Japan (non-western
• Lands claimed: Korea,
   Taiwan, South Sakhalin
• Method of management:
   Annexed areas (like
   Korea) provided raw
   materials for Japan.
• Impact of Colonization:
   Japan becomes the most
   powerful nation in Asia.
Today’s Assignment: Finished Avatar Questions
      due by the end of the class period.

          Imperialism Test: Friday!
 Study Session: Thurs. @ 3 PM or Fri. @ 7:40 AM
  Imperialism Learning Packet
           Day Seven

U.S. Economic Imperialism in
       Latin America
     U.S. Economic Imperialism in
            Latin America
1. In what ways did
   landowners “enslave”
   peasant workers?
• Landowners forced
   workers into debt by
   paying low wages.
• Prices were high, so
   workers were always
   in debt.
U.S. Economic Imperialism in
       Latin America
              2. How was land
                 distributed colonial
              • Unevenly, with land
                 ownership restricted
                 by a wealthy few.
   U.S. Economic Imperialism in
          Latin America
3. What political problems
   did independent nations
   face as a result of
   European colonial rule?
• People had little or no
   experience with
   democracy and were
   used to political power
   being restricted to a few.
• Rule by dictators often
U.S. Economic Imperialism in
       Latin America
              4. How did advances in
                 technology affect
                 Latin American trade?
              • Increased Latin
                 American exports but
                 kept Latin America
                 dependent on
                 manufactured goods.
  U.S. Economic Imperialism in
         Latin America
5. How did foreign
   countries gain control
   of Latin American
• Foreign leaders took
   over Latin American
   industries in payment
   for unpaid loans with
   high interest rates.
U.S. Economic Imperialism in
       Latin America
              6. Why did Latin American
                 nations remain poor and
                 unindustrialized after they
                 gained independence?
              • Latin American nations
                 focused mainly on their
              • They had no reason to
                 industrialize as they
                 imported manufactured
                 goods from Europe and
                 North America.
     U.S. Economic Imperialism in
            Latin America
7. Why did President
   Monroe issue the
   Monroe Doctrine?
• To protect the
   independence of Latin
   American nations and
   the security of the
   United States.
U.S. Economic Imperialism in
       Latin America
              8. How did the Spanish-
                 American War make the
                 United States the
                 dominant imperial power
                 in Latin America?
              • The U.S. gained the rest
                 of Spain’s colonial
              • Monroe Doctrine
                 prevented powerful
                 European nations from
                 building empires in the
     U.S. Economic Imperialism in
        Latin America- page 15
9. How did the United States expand its
   influence in Latin America in the
   early 1900s?
• Commanding the armed forces,
   President T. Roosevelt, helped
   Panama in its revolt for independence.
• Building the Panama Canal
• Setting up a military government in
• Investing in Latin American
    Today’s Assignment: America
  Becomes a World Power Worksheet

            Imperialism Test: Tomorrow
Study Session: Today @ 3 P.M. or Tomorrow @ 7:40 A.M.

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