Kalhora 1 Kalhora The Kalhora ( )ڪﻠﻬﻮڙﺍAbbasi's are of Arab origin and descent from Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib (566 – 662) (ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺱ ﺑﻦ ( ,)ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﻠﺐc. 566 – c. 653) was a paternal uncle and Sahabi (companion) of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and progenitor of the Abbasi Khalifa of Baghdad, Iraq and Qahira (better known in nowadays as Cairo Egypt). Royal Kalhora A sketch of the Pacco Qillo (c. 1845) drawn by Lieutenant Edwards Total population 100,000 - 200,000 Regions with significant populations Pakistan: 50,000 - 100,000 Languages Sindhi Religion Islam - Sunni Related ethnic groups Sindhi Arrival In Sindh It was the reign of Abbasid Caliphate, which was ruled by Abbasid Dynasty of Caliphs who built their Capital in Baghdad And Cairo, they were the Religious and Political Leaders and claims to be the true Successors of Mohammed owing to kinship with him, it was era of Intellectual rebirth in Abbasid Domain, in all aspects they reached to Extreme Advancement in Science, Literature, Arts and Many Others Sectors, Caliphate Produced Prominent Scientists like Al-Biruni ,Abu Nasr Mansur , And Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī, even today Caliphate is prominent for “GOLDEN AGE” In History. The Descendant of Caliph Al-Mustansir II (1261–1262)of Cairo, Egypt, was the first to arrive in Sindh With his large number of followers, he came into Sindh as an Official High Ranked Officer to manage Caliphate Rules and Joint Work With Sindh Local Authorities. “Samma “was Local Representatives of Sindh in that Era. Qaim was first to arrive in Sindh from Ancestors of Abbasid, ca 1366. Then few years later his brother Ahmed came into Sindh with a large followings of Arabs in c 1370. He married a daughter of Raja Rai, Dohrang Sahta, Receiving Third of the country in dowry, 4th of Ahmed’s descendant Amir Fathu'llah Khan Abbasi, conquered the bhangar territory from Raja Dallu, of Alor and Bhamanabad, renamed it to Qahir Bela. His son Amir Mohammed Chenai Khan Abbasi entered the imperial service and gained appointment as a Panchhazari in 1583 in the Reign of Mughal Dynasty. Kalhora 2 At his death, the leadership of the tribe was contested between two branches of the family, the Kalhora and the Daudpota. Origin History After the Death of Jaam Chenai or merely Amir Chenai Khan Abbasi, the Leadership of the Tribe Contested between his two sons, Amir Mohammed Khan Abbasi & Amir Daud Khan Abbasi. Amir Mohammed Khan Abbasi was given His Father’s Sword and Tribe’s Leadership next to him Amir Daud Khan Abbasi was becomes heir of his Musallah and Tasbeeh in simple Murshid or Religious Leader. In short time after his fathers Death, Amir Mohammed Khan Abbasi died and his son Amir Ibrahim Khan Abbasi came into Power and became Tribes Leader, but sooner he abandoned Leadership thus he Survive his Entire Life with Simplicity & Loneliness on a Mountain Named ”Kalho” (( ))ڪﻠﻬﻮnear Hyderabad) for the sake of Allah. So After then, he was remembered as Kalhoro Khan (()ڪﻠﻬﻮڙﻭ ﺧﺎﻥMeans to Live Alone and make religious Practices), he adopted his Family Tradition and become Religious Leader.Today This Become Proud For His Family to Write Kalhoro as their Surname. Religious Leaders After the death of Ibrahim Khan, Kalhora family distinguished for centuries, none of his descendants rose to be of importance, except Amir Adam Shah Kalhoro, who was 7th of his descendant. Who rose to occupy the holy seat vacated by the celebrated saint (Amir Chenai Khan Abbasi) of the time, Amir Adam Shah Kalhoro started his career from small village with the support of the Abro who remained a powerful force behind him. Sardar Khabar Abro was the first person to enroll as his follower. That small village became the centre for learning for the Mehdvis. Masjid Khudabad Kalhoro, Interior Sight Kalhora 3 At that time Nawáb Khán Khánán having come to pay respects to Amir Ádam Sháh and to ask his blessings, at the request of Wadera Kabar abro, granted to him the zamindarí of Chándúkah,. After some time Ádam Sháh went over to Multán, to pay a visit to Lál l’san the celebrated living saint of the time, and a descendent of Shekh Baháuddín Multání.* A large number of disciples joined him here and he was obliged to occupy a spacious tract of country. This excited the jealousy of the landowners of the place, at whose instigation the ruler of Multán had him Masjid Khudabad Kalhoro, Interior Sight killed and thus he became a martyr. Later on, his descendant visited many area of Sindh, many people join them gradually Kalhoras arosed and Flourished in Sindh for over centuries as Religious and Political leaders. Many Communities of Sindh Enrolled as their followers Abro, Bhatti, Jokhiyo, Junejo, Sial, Sahta, Rajputs, Kalwar, Jatoi, Khosa, Chandio, Leghari, Talpurs.. and many others. In History,it is reported that in the battle of Halani Majority of Balouchs stand against their Murshid, the Two Followers never go astray to them and remained Loyal till their Death, those were Jatoi And Khosa Tribesmen who Fight at their last gasp in the Battle of Halani. Political Leaders Muhammad said: This Imara(rule) was in the Hameer meaning non Quraish then Allah snatched it from them and gave it to the Quraish and soon it will return to the Non Quraish." [Fath ul Bari 13/117, Sanad: Jayyad] “ "Meaning Clearly Reflect in Hadith Above , Rule will remain in Quraish till they keep obeying Allah and stay on His ruling” ” The Kalhoro period is most important for the development of Sindhi literature, arts and crafts, Irrigation. Kalhoras are believed to have dug several channels in every part of Sindh to irrigate the uncultivated land. Historian(s) entitled Kalhora reign as “Golden Times of Sindh” Being Successful Religious Leaders of Sindh, they were having immense sympathy for the people of Sindh, It Compelled them to Join Politics and run campaign against the cruel rule of Mughal Rulers, they were the first local representatives to run politicking, and vocally protested against Injustice of Mughal Empire. They were forced to came into Politics otherwise they were never interested in Politics they were having sufi soul, and want to live peaceful and simple life. This Quality can be found in their Descendants as well. Kalhora Dynasty Produced Great Rulers of its time to Flourish Sindh. Accordingly, the natives of the place came and incited the Mughals of Bakhar to harass and trouble him. Mian Nasir Muhammad Kalhoro was therefore obliged to leave the place and go to a sandy desert near Shahdadkot. Mian Nasir Muhammad Kalhoro lived much time in Punjab in this way. After some days of hardship and want, he left Larkana and settled in the plains of Kachho where he established his capital. Seeing this Mír Panhwar, the chief of the Kalhora 4 Panhwars, taking an army from the Governor of Bakhar, commanded among other leaders by Mirza Khan Pini, the Governor of Siwi came and fought with Mian Nasir Muhammad Kalhoro, but soon a truce was made and Mian Nasir Muhammad Kalhoro was sent to the Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir, who kept him in confinement at Gawaliyar for some time. During this period, fighting went on with the Mian’s followers, until Mian Nasir Muhammad Kalhoro managed to escape and returned to his native place with the help of Amir Muhammad Bahadur Khan Daudpota of Shikarpur who did his arrangements in Chandookha Purgannah or Larkana area. Mian Nasir Muhammad Kalhoro spearheaded the Mianwal Movement from 1657 to 1692 A.D, leaving behind a legacy in the form of the shrines of his disciples. The leaders of Mianwal Movement struggled against the foreign rule of the Mughals and eventually succeeded in overthrown them. After a successful reign of 35 years in 1692 A.D Mian Nasir Muhammad Kalhoro died and was buried in Gaarhi near Kakar taluka Khairpur Nathan Shah District Dadu Sindh. His tomb was built by his son Mian Yar Muhammad Kalhoro in 1708 A.D. The Kalhora Dynasty succumbed to the invasion of King Nadir Shah. Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro reorganized the tribe, but later on Mian Abdul Nabi lost control of Sindh in 1783 and was defeated by his own disciples in the battle of Halani, Mian Abdul Nabi Kalhoro was the last Kalhoro Amir. “ Abu Bakr (RadiAllahu Tala Anho) said: This rule will remain in Quraish till they keep obeying Allah and stay on His ruling.[Fath ul Bari 13/116, Sanad: Sahih] ” The condition highlighted is that they uphold the Deen. When the Quraish were not able to uphold the Deen then Khilafah went out of their hands as according to the above hadith. It is recorded in history which repeated himself and reflect clearly the phenomenon that whenever “Hashemites” came into Power, Allah Blessed them thus their Period will be Recorded in the History as “Golden Time” , After decline of Abbasid Caliphate, the Caliphs Descendants came into power where they exists not merely in Sindh or Egypt but many other parts of the World, Witnessed by history & historians. Family tree The Royal Kalhora of Sindh family tree, is clearly visible in diagram(s) given below. The Abbasid Caliphs from Abu Al-Abbas Al Saffah till the Last Caliph of Egypt, is mentioned in diagram, furthermore, diagram mention their lieange line from Caliph Al-Muntasir II to Amir Adam Shah Abbasi, and Their Cousin(s), Amir Sadiq Mohammed Khan Abbasi I. The Caliphs of Baghdad are in Green, and in Yellow, The Caliphs of Cairo, Mohammedis also Cited here, to show the Kinship of Abbasids with him. Kalhora 5 Genealogy Tree of Genealogy tree of, Royal Kalhora Royal Kalhora Abbasid family Abbasid Family, In Green, the Abbasid Caliphs of Baghdad, In Yellow, The Abbasid Caliphs of Cairo. Mohammed is Included (in caps) to show Kinship of the Abbasids with him Current Head of Tribe Sardar Ali Akbar Khan Kalhoro (Cheif Sardar)(Shikarpur) Nawab Amir Khan Kalhoro(Amir)(Shikarpur) Sardar Munawar Ali Abbasi (Amir) (Larkana) Notable Kalhoras Mian Adam Shah Kalhoro, Amir Yar Mouhammed Kalhoro (Khudabad), Amir Main Noor Mohammad Kalhoro, Amir Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro, Amir Muhammad Muradyab Khan (Nawab Sarbuland Khan), Amir Mian Nasir Muhammad Kalhoro, Amir Mian Shahul Mouhammed Kalhoro, Amir Mian Sarfraz Kalhoro (Khudayar Khan), Amir Kalhora 6 Notable Kalhoras II Dr. Ashraf Abbasi, Deputy Speaker National Assembly of Pakistan Senator Dr. Safdar Ali Abbasi , PPP Sardar Munawar Ali Abbasi, MPA - PPP References • History of Daudpota  By "Altaf Daudpoto" (Urdu: ﭘﻮﭨﻮ )ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻑ ﺣﺴﯿﻦ ﺩﺍﺅﺩ • History of Kalhora's  • Fall of Kalhora's   http:/ / daudpota. weebly. com/ index. html  http:/ / www. panhwar. com/ Article164. htm  http:/ / panhwar. com/ Article54. htm • Tareekh-e-Sindh, Kalhora Daur, Book 6 Part I & II (Author: Ghulam Sarwar Mahar) Article Sources and Contributors 7 Article Sources and Contributors Kalhora Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=529990129 Contributors: Aliazlan, AlphaGamma1991, AtticusX, Bhadani, Bihco, Boing! said Zebedee, ChrisGualtieri, CommonsDelinker, Darwinek, Drisz, Funandtrvl, Fæ, Go Phightins!, Hillel, Iohannes Animosus, JamesAM, Kamal Nawaz, Khahori01, Misaq Rabab, Mughal Lohar, Namiba, Neutron Jack, Pahari Sahib, R'n'B, ShakeelKalhoro, Shyamsunder, Siddiqui, Signalizing, Siyal1990, Tabletop, Tim1357, TimBentley, TreyGeek, Troy 07, Urschoice, WALTHAM2, Wasimawan, Wavelength, Woohookitty, 151 anonymous edits Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors Image:Pacco Qillo Round Tower.png Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Pacco_Qillo_Round_Tower.png License: Public Domain Contributors: Lieut. Edwards (c.1845) File:Masjid_interior_Khudabad.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Masjid_interior_Khudabad.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors: User:ShakeelKalhoro File:Khudabad_Masjid_Art.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Khudabad_Masjid_Art.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors: User:ShakeelKalhoro File:Generology of Kalhora Abbasid Family I.gif Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Generology_of_Kalhora_Abbasid_Family_I.gif License: unknown Contributors: Nachoseli File:Kalhora Abbasids Family Tree II.GIF Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Kalhora_Abbasids_Family_Tree_II.GIF License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors: User:ShakeelKalhoro License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported //creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/
"Kalhora - Tareekh e Sindh"