Loreta Vainauskiene, teacher
methodologist, Kruonis Gymnasium
– Ceremonies, etc.
2 January, 2013 2
A DESCRIPTIVE COMPOSITION
• An interesting introduction;
• A main body that develops a theme;
• A good ending.
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ORGANISE YOUR IDEAS INTO
• Start a paragraph with a topic sentence;
• Write well-developed paragraphs, i.e. a
number of sentences linked together
with a variety of linking words.
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DESCRIBING A PERSON 1
• Name a person, your relations with him/her;
• Physical appearance (height, built, age, facial
features, hair, clothes)*;
*from most general facts to specific
e.g. She is a short, slim woman.
Her black long hair is tied backing
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DESCRIBING A PERSON 2
• Personality characteristics & justification
(support with examples, give a balanced
combination of good & bad* features) ;
*use a mild language to
describe negative qualities:
e.g. He is lazy. He can be lazy at
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DESCRIBING A PERSON 3
• Activities, hobbies, interests;
• Comments & feelings about the
NOTE: describing a person who is no longer
alive, past tenses must be used.
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Of all my relatives, l like my Aunt Emily the
best. She’s my mother’s youngest sister.
She has never married and lives alone in
a small village near Bath.
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She’s in her late fifties, but she’s quite young in
spirit. She has a fair complexion, thick brown
hair which she wears in a bun, and dark
brown eyes. She has a kind face, and when
you meet her, the first thing you notice is her
smile. Her face is a little wrinkled now, but I
think she is still rather attractive. She is the
sort of person you can always go to if you
have a problem.
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She likes reading and gardening, and she
still goes for long walks over the hills.
She’s a very active person. Either she’s
making something, or mending
something, or doing something to
Finally, I have to say that my Aunt Emily
is extremely generous, but not very
tolerant with people who don’t agree
with her! I hope I’m as contented as she
is when I’m her age.
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Give general information about the place
What is it?
Who built it? When?
Where is it?
Why is it interesting?
Why are you writing about it?
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MAIN PART (BODY)
Describe the place/building:
• What does it look like?
• What are the important features of it?
• What makes it special?
• What can you see there?
• What is the atmosphere of it?
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Conclude by summarizing the points and
include a general comment or say how
• What is your general opinion of the
• How do you feel about the
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THE EIFFEL TOWER
(E. Moutsou – S.Parker. New Plus, Intermediate, MM Publications, 2005)
One of the world’s most
famous landmarks is the
Eiffel Tower, which was
designed and built by
Alexandre G. Eiffel in 1889.
It is located in the centre of
Paris and has become a
major tourist attraction, with
thousands of tourists visiting
it every day.
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What makes the Eiffel
Tower so special is its
design and height. Being
300 metres high, its
impressive Tower is one
of the tallest landmarks in
Paris and can be seen
from a great distance. Of
course, most people
prefer to visit and admire it
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There are three levels on the
Eiffel Tower. By taking a lift
or climbing hundreds of
stairs, you can visit the
restaurant on the first level
and have a delicious
French meal. The other two
levels each have an
observation deck, where
you can enjoy spectacular
views of Paris.
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However, the Eiffel Tower
is not only a tourist
meteorology has a
weather station and an
antenna on the top. This
makes it even taller.
Without a doubt, the Eiffel
Tower is an impressive
and unforgettable sight.
It is truly worth visiting.
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Include a variety of adjectives:
Place boring, busy, colourful, dangerous, exciting,
friendly, lively, polluted, popular, welcoming,
Building decorated, luxurious, spacious, immense,
Both Ancient, attractive, beautiful, charming,
cosy, crowded, empty, historic, huge,
impressive, interesting, isolated, large,
modern, noisy, significant, spectacular,
traditional, ugly, unique, warm, well-
planned, wonderful, etc.
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DESCRIBING AN OBJECT*
• Time and place the object was lost;
• Size, shape, origin, material, texture,
uses/functions, special features;
• Time and place you can be contacted.
NOTE: adjective order: opinion, size/weight,
age, shape, colour, origin, material (it is
usual to use up to 3 adjectives)
* It is usually done in letters.
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I am writing this letter regarding an item
which was lost during the recent stay at
your hotel. On 7 May I checked into the
Hotel Paradise for a two-night stay.
Upon returning home, I realised that my
watch was missing.
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It is a small Swiss watch with a round
white face and elegant black Roman
numerals. It is made by Van Cleef and
Arpels of Switzerland. The band is
made of shiny yellow gold metal with
about eighty small white diamonds
surrounding its smooth crystal face. It
has been valued at $ 5,000. The
underside of the band is engraved “With
love John, 12.8.92”, which I hope will
help you to identify it.
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I would be very grateful if you could
contact me as soon as possible in the
event of my watch being found.
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• Name, time, place of the event,
reason(s) for celebrating (what, when,
• Actual event (what was
• Feelings, comments,
2 January, 2013 25
DESCRIBING A FESTIVAL
We celebrate Christmas on December 25. Christmas
honours the birth of Jesus Christ and is celebrated by
Christians all over the world.
In England, preparations for Christmas begin in
November, when shop windows are decorated with
Christmas ornaments such as colourful streams, silver
tinsels and golden bells. Christmas lists are written to
Santa Claus by children. Finishing touches are put on
Christmas cakes and puddings. A Christmas tree is
decorated with ornaments, bulbs and a star at the top.
Glittering lights are hung in the streets and on the trees,
and wreaths are placed on city buildings and doorways.
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On Christmas morning, the tearing of wrapping
paper is heard as gifts are exchanged, opened and
admired. If it is a “white” Christmas, fresh snow covers
the town and snowmen are made. As the turkey is
sizzling in the oven, its delicious aroma fills the house.
Later, the turkey, sausages, bacon, stuffing and
potatoes are served for dinner. The family, dressed in
their best clothes, sits down to enjoy a delicious meal,
which puts a smile on everyone’s face. In the evening
families relax and enjoy the gifts they have received.
The warm feeling of Christmas spirit fills the home
as the children play happily with their new toys and the
adults relax. This is the time when family members feel
closest to each other, after sharing a day of love and
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