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     Loreta Vainauskiene, teacher
   methodologist, Kruonis Gymnasium
                  DESCRIPTION OF

     – People,
     – Places,
     – Objects,
     – Events,
     – Festivals,
     – Ceremonies, etc.

2 January, 2013                    2

• An interesting introduction;
• A main body that develops a theme;
• A good ending.

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• Start a paragraph with a topic sentence;
• Write well-developed paragraphs, i.e. a
  number of sentences linked together
  with a variety of linking words.

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• Name a person, your relations with him/her;
• Physical appearance (height, built, age, facial
  features, hair, clothes)*;
      *from most general facts to specific
      e.g. She is a short, slim woman.
      Her black long hair is tied backing

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• Personality characteristics & justification
  (support with examples, give a balanced
  combination of good & bad* features) ;
           *use a mild language to
           describe negative qualities:
  e.g. He is lazy. He can be lazy at

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• Activities, hobbies, interests;
• Comments & feelings about the

NOTE: describing a person who is no longer
 alive, past tenses must be used.

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                  AUNT EMILY
Of all my relatives, l like my Aunt Emily the
 best. She’s my mother’s youngest sister.
 She has never married and lives alone in
 a small village near Bath.

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She’s in her late fifties, but she’s quite young in
  spirit. She has a fair complexion, thick brown
  hair which she wears in a bun, and dark
  brown eyes. She has a kind face, and when
  you meet her, the first thing you notice is her
  smile. Her face is a little wrinkled now, but I
  think she is still rather attractive. She is the
  sort of person you can always go to if you
  have a problem.

  2 January, 2013                                     10
She likes reading and gardening, and she
  still goes for long walks over the hills.
  She’s a very active person. Either she’s
  making something, or mending
  something, or doing something to
  entertain herself.
Finally, I have to say that my Aunt Emily
  is extremely generous, but not very
  tolerant with people who don’t agree
  with her! I hope I’m as contented as she
  is when I’m her age.

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                  A PLACE/BUILDING

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Give general information about the place
 or building:
What is it?
Who built it? When?
Where is it?
Why is it interesting?
Why are you writing about it?

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              MAIN PART (BODY)
Describe the place/building:
• What does it look like?
• What are the important features of it?
• What makes it special?
• What can you see there?
• What is the atmosphere of it?

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Conclude by summarizing the points and
  include a general comment or say how
  you feel:
• What is your general opinion of the
• How do you feel about the

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              THE EIFFEL TOWER
   (E. Moutsou – S.Parker. New Plus, Intermediate, MM Publications, 2005)

One of the world’s most
 famous landmarks is the
 Eiffel Tower, which was
 designed and built by
 Alexandre G. Eiffel in 1889.
 It is located in the centre of
 Paris and has become a
 major tourist attraction, with
 thousands of tourists visiting
 it every day.
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                  What makes the Eiffel
                   Tower so special is its
                   design and height. Being
                   300 metres high, its
                   impressive Tower is one
                   of the tallest landmarks in
                   Paris and can be seen
                   from a great distance. Of
                   course, most people
                   prefer to visit and admire it
                   up close.

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                  There are three levels on the
                   Eiffel Tower. By taking a lift
                   or climbing hundreds of
                   stairs, you can visit the
                   restaurant on the first level
                   and have a delicious
                   French meal. The other two
                   levels each have an
                   observation deck, where
                   you can enjoy spectacular
                   views of Paris.
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However, the Eiffel Tower
 is not only a tourist
 attraction. The
 department of
 meteorology has a
 weather station and an
 antenna on the top. This
 makes it even taller.
Without a doubt, the Eiffel
 Tower is an impressive
 and unforgettable sight.
 It is truly worth visiting.
    (186 words)

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Include a variety of adjectives:
   Place           boring, busy, colourful, dangerous, exciting,
                   friendly, lively, polluted, popular, welcoming,
   Building        decorated, luxurious, spacious, immense,
                   magnificent, etc.
   Both            Ancient, attractive, beautiful, charming,
                   cosy, crowded, empty, historic, huge,
                   impressive, interesting, isolated, large,
                   modern, noisy, significant, spectacular,
                   traditional, ugly, unique, warm, well-
                   planned, wonderful, etc.
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• Time and place the object was lost;
• Size, shape, origin, material, texture,
  uses/functions, special features;
• Time and place you can be contacted.
     NOTE: adjective order: opinion, size/weight,
      age, shape, colour, origin, material (it is
      usual to use up to 3 adjectives)
             * It is usually done in letters.
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                  MODEL LETTER
 Dear Sir,

 I am writing this letter regarding an item
 which was lost during the recent stay at
 your hotel. On 7 May I checked into the
 Hotel Paradise for a two-night stay.
 Upon returning home, I realised that my
 watch was missing.
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    It is a small Swiss watch with a round
    white face and elegant black Roman
    numerals. It is made by Van Cleef and
    Arpels of Switzerland. The band is
    made of shiny yellow gold metal with
    about eighty small white diamonds
    surrounding its smooth crystal face. It
    has been valued at $ 5,000. The
    underside of the band is engraved “With
    love John, 12.8.92”, which I hope will
    help you to identify it.
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    I would be very grateful if you could
    contact me as soon as possible in the
    event of my watch being found.

    Yours faithfully,
    Celia Smith
    Celia Smith

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• Name, time, place of the event,
  reason(s) for celebrating (what, when,
  where, why);
• Preparations;
• Actual event (what was
  going on);
• Feelings, comments,
   final thoughts.
2 January, 2013                            25
     We celebrate Christmas on December 25. Christmas
honours the birth of Jesus Christ and is celebrated by
Christians all over the world.
     In England, preparations for Christmas begin in
November, when shop windows are decorated with
Christmas ornaments such as colourful streams, silver
tinsels and golden bells. Christmas lists are written to
Santa Claus by children. Finishing touches are put on
Christmas cakes and puddings. A Christmas tree is
decorated with ornaments, bulbs and a star at the top.
Glittering lights are hung in the streets and on the trees,
and wreaths are placed on city buildings and doorways.

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         On Christmas morning, the tearing of wrapping
    paper is heard as gifts are exchanged, opened and
    admired. If it is a “white” Christmas, fresh snow covers
    the town and snowmen are made. As the turkey is
    sizzling in the oven, its delicious aroma fills the house.
    Later, the turkey, sausages, bacon, stuffing and
    potatoes are served for dinner. The family, dressed in
    their best clothes, sits down to enjoy a delicious meal,
    which puts a smile on everyone’s face. In the evening
    families relax and enjoy the gifts they have received.
         The warm feeling of Christmas spirit fills the home
    as the children play happily with their new toys and the
    adults relax. This is the time when family members feel
    closest to each other, after sharing a day of love and

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