Politics is the art and science of government. Politics is about power, the ability to make people do what you want them to do, whether they want to do it or not. Politics is about government, the organization and administration of the actions of communities, societies and states. Politics is about authority, power that is perceived as legitimate by both power holders and those who are subjected to it. Sociologist have always wondered about power.. How we get it? How we use it? Why some of us have so much/so little of it? Back in 19th century, Karl Marx saw power purely a character of social class. But gradually sociologist realized that it is not the case. There are three basic sources of power: Force Actual or threatened use of coercion to impose one’s own will on others. Leaders are imprison and even terrorist attacks are form of force to exercise power Influence Exercise of power through a process of persuasion to impose power. A newspaper article can change one’s perception. Authority Power that is perceived as legitimate by both holder and subject Max Weber argued that leaders execute three types of authority. 1. Traditional Authority 2. Charismatic Authority 3. Legal Rational Authority Authoritarian System Monarchy Oligarchy Dictatorship Totalitarianism Democracy Corruption Bureaucracy Feudalism Family Politics Class, Race, Gender and power
"government and politics"