The student will describe
European settlement in North
America during the 17th century.
The Southern Colonies
It was started by the Virginia Company.
– This was a joint-stock company.
Established in modern day Virginia.
The British created Jamestown with the hope of
getting rich like the Spanish.
There were many difficulties early on:
– Swampy land
– Indian attacks
– Poor leadership and focus
The colony struggled mightily due to people not working, poor
leadership, and its bad location.
In the beginning, Native Americans helped the colonists
survive, Powhatan and Pocahontas, but due to the British’s
attitude towards the Native Americans, the relationship fell
apart and became adversarial.
The only thing that kept the colony from completely failing
– Tobacco became a very important cash crop for the
– Colonists in the South became extremely wealthy
cultivating tobacco for European consumers.
The Virginia Company allowed the colonists to
The colonists in Jamestown created the House of
– It is the first representative government
established in the colonies.
– You had to be at least 17 years old and own
land to vote.
– The House of Burgesses could create laws and
In 1624, the King of
England took over
– The Virginia Company
ran into hard times
and went bankrupt.
– Virginia was making
lots of money and the
King did not want it to
Virginia became the first
As Jamestown continues to expand, and gain in
population, relations with local tribes began to sour.
The Native Americans tried many times to fight the
– The Algonquin Tribe, Powhatan’s tribe, was nearly
eradicated by English efforts.
Ultimately, the Native Americans lost and were
forced to either leave the land or be placed on
– This will become a common theme in American History.
Nathanial Bacon led an
army of poor farmers
government of Virginia
for not supporting the
The rebellion showed
that the poor would
not tolerate a
ignored their concerns
in favor of the
The Development of
During the late 1600s, England economy started to
This improvement meant that there were fewer
indentured servants to come to the colonies to be
used for labor on the tobacco farms.
This will lead to the started importation of African
What was the House of Burgesses?
A. The home of Puritan leaders
B. Home of the governor of Virginia
C. The Parliament of Virginia
D. An elected governing body in Virginia
Why was the House of Burgesses
A. It sat as court in the Salem Witch Trials.
B. It created a series of trade laws for the
C. It imposed and collected British taxes.
D. It was the start of representative
government in Virginia.
The Virginia House of Burgesses
A. Established a model of representative
B. Was established by King James I
C. Provided a way for people to secure
D. Was put in place in 1607 as a temporary
What was the name of the first
representative body in the American
A. The Albany Plan of Union
B. The Continental Congress
C. The Sons of Liberty
D. The Virginia House of Burgesses
The first successful British colony in
North America was
A. Jamestown, Virginia
B. Quebec, Canada
C. Jamestown, Massachusetts
D. New Amsterdam, New Netherlands
The Virginia colony was built largely due to
the labor of people who agreed to work for a
master for a set number of years in exchange
for that master paying their way to North
America. These laborers were then promised
land once their time of servitude was over.
Such workers were known as
B. Contract laborers.
D. Indentured servants.
Which colonial region was most known
for plantations, large numbers of
slaves, and the production of rice and
A. New England
Who was Powhatan?
A. A native American chief who made peace with the
Pilgrims and helped them through their first
B. A Native American chief who ruled over much of
the Virginia territory when English settlers
C. A Native American chief who was shot and killed
by New Englanders in Rhode Island.
D. The first African slave to arrive in Virginia by way
of the Middle Passage.
What role did tobacco play in the history
A. It was the main crop the founders of Jamestown
hoped to grow when the first established the colony.
B. It caused fighting when the colonial government
outlawed the crop and would not allow it to be
C. It turned out to be the cash crop that saved the
D. Although Virginians tried to raise tobacco, the crop
He led a rebellion in 1676 that forced
Virginia’s leaders to recognize the growing
discontent among small landowners. The
uprising he led also showed the need to do
something about shortages of land and led to
slavery serving as the colony’s primary labor
system. Who was he?
A. Thomas Jefferson
B. George Washington
C. John C. Calhoun
D. Nathaniel Bacon
Which of the following list is associated
with the southern colonies?
A. Subsistence farming, slavery, profitable
shipping industry, Puritan faith
B. Commerce, diversity, originally home to
C. Tobacco, rice, plantation system, large
numbers of slaves
D. Fur trade, with trials, Mayflower Compact
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– Just the answers. You do not need to
write out the questions.
The New England
– Plymouth Colony
– Massachusetts Bay Colony
The Plymouth Colony Massachusetts Bay Colony
The Puritans wanted to remove In 1629 a new group of
all vestiges of Catholicism from Puritans gained a royal
the Anglican Church (Church of charter for a new colony
England) Just one year later, a wave
The Pilgrims established the of new Puritan immigrants,
Plymouth colony as a place to including John Winthrop,
practice the Puritan religion came to the New World
They were NOT tolerant of This was known as the Great
other religions!! Migration
In a view of things to come in Most were seeking freedom
New England, fish, fur and or fleeing the civil war in
lumber become economic England
The Baby Steps to
Early Political Institutions
– Took the form of the Mayflower Compact
This allowed the Puritans to maintain control of
Representative Government in Massachusetts
– Members of the Puritan Church
– Town Meetings
– Only white, 17 years old, male landowners
were generally allowed to participate in the
Problems in New England
The Halfway Covenant: King Phillips’ War:
The weakening of Puritan The New England
control led them to adopt Confederation fought a
the Halfway Covenant vicious war against,
People could become Metacom, who had
members of the church w/o united the tribes in and
making a full declaration of
around New England
their belief in Christ
The colonists eventually
This was generally adopted
because of the lessening prevailed and this was
interest of the colonial-born the last significant
population in religious challenge posed by the
matters N.A. in New England
Rhode Island Connecticut
The first constitution in
Founded by Roger
Williams as a haven for America was drawn up
religious tolerance by those in Conn.
Created to escape the
intolerance of Puritan Orders of Connecticut
society for different established a
It’s royal charter
allowed them the
freedom to choose
their own governor
The Salem Witch Trials
In 1692, the town of Salem held trials to determine
the guilt of accused witches.
In the end, twenty people, men and women, were put
to death by hanging.
Loss of the Charter
their colonial charter
when they refused to
pay the taxes required
in the Navigation Act
and tariff and trade
Even in 1684, the
desire for freedom was
present in the colonies.
The Mayflower Compact served to
A. Religious freedom throughout the
B. The possibility of self-government
C. Trade agreements with England and
D. A covenant between Separatists and
Use the information below
to answer the question.
Acknowledged themselves as British subjects
Established a unit of government
Determined the right to create mutually
Agreed to abide by the laws created
Which document does the information describe?
A. The Mayflower Compact
B. The Declaration of Independence
C. The Treaty of Paris of 1783
D. The Treaty of Ghent
What is the significance of the
A. It allowed for voting rights for all settlers.
B. It transferred ownership of the colony to
C. It provided for an even distribution of
food among the colonists.
D. It established a foundation for self-
Which of the following groups founded
C. Anglican ministers
D. Tobacco farmers
Who would have disagreed the most
when discussing the Half-way
A. A Virginia farmer and a New York merchant
B. The Dutch and the British
C. Members of the Puritan faith with different
opinions concerning church membership
D. Benjamin Franklin and King George III
King Phillip’s War was an example of
A. Spain’s attempts to keep Great Britain and
France out of the New World.
B. Native Americans’ efforts to drive white settlers
out of Jamestown.
C. Conflict that existed between New Englanders
moving west and Native Americans.
D. The struggle between the French and British for
control of North America.
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– Just the answers. You do not need to
write out the questions.
The Middle Colonies
– New Amsterdam
The Middle Colonies
These colonies were created mainly around
the idea of trade.
New York was originally owned by the
Dutch and called New Amsterdam.
– The English took it over and renamed it when
they saw the Dutch making money and working
with the Native Americans.
Pennsylvania was created to provide a safe
place for Quakers to worship and allow for
In 1624, a group of Dutch merchants started New
Netherland. The main settlement of the colony was
called New Amsterdam. After purchasing Manhattan
Island form the Manhattan (American Indian) people,
New Amsterdam grew into a major trade center.
What happened to New Amsterdam?
A. It was taken over by the English in 1664.
B. It was the least tolerant of the middle colonies.
C. It grew into a center for the French fur trade.
D. It was settled by Quakers who believed in religious
Which of he following regions would
have featured the most diversity
during the late 1600s and 1700s?
A. New England
B. New York
C. South Carolina
Which of the following nations was
most impacted by England’s desire to
claim New York?
D. The Netherlands
Which of the following was a Dutch
colony before it was taken by the
British in 1664?
A. New York
D. North Carolina
What phrase best describes the
A. Religious purpose
B. Peace and stability
C. Successful from the start
D. Social equality
Historians traditionally divide the
original thirteen English colonies into
which of the following categories?
A. North, West, East, and South
B. North, Middle, South
C. New England, Middle, Southern
D. New England, Middle, Plantation
New France (Canada)
The French established
the colony of Quebec
in modern day Canada.
The French worked
closely with the Native
Americans to control
the fur trade.
The French were not
interested in long term
settlement of the New
In 1608, Samuel de Champlain established a
settlement in Canada. He named his
settlement Quebec. What was the purpose
of the French settlement?
A. To establish a colony for religious freedom
B. To establish a fur trading post
C. To establish an English military post
D. To establish a center for New England trade
The French founded Quebec mainly for
A. They wanted a place in North America to raise
B. It was a good spot to wage war against the
C. It provided an excellent location for both trade
D. They thought it would allow them to establish
more colonies up and down the east coast.
What colony did France found along
the St. Lawrence River in 1608 for the
purpose of establishing and protecting
a successful fur trade?
D. New Orleans
Unit 1 Book Questions
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