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					Standard 1
The student will describe
European settlement in North
America during the 17th century.
A
The Southern Colonies

   Virginia
    – Jamestown
   Maryland
   North Carolina
   South Carolina
   Georgia
Jamestown
   It was started by the Virginia Company.
     – This was a joint-stock company.
   Established in modern day Virginia.
   The British created Jamestown with the hope of
    getting rich like the Spanish.
   There were many difficulties early on:
     – Disease
     – Swampy land
     – Indian attacks
     – Poor leadership and focus
Jamestown
   The colony struggled mightily due to people not working, poor
    leadership, and its bad location.
   In the beginning, Native Americans helped the colonists
    survive, Powhatan and Pocahontas, but due to the British’s
    attitude towards the Native Americans, the relationship fell
    apart and became adversarial.
   The only thing that kept the colony from completely failing
    was tobacco.
     – Tobacco became a very important cash crop for the
        colonies.
     – Colonists in the South became extremely wealthy
        cultivating tobacco for European consumers.
Early American
Government
   The Virginia Company allowed the colonists to
    govern themselves.
   The colonists in Jamestown created the House of
    Burgesses.
     – It is the first representative government
       established in the colonies.
     – You had to be at least 17 years old and own
       land to vote.
     – The House of Burgesses could create laws and
       levy taxes.
Jamestown
   In 1624, the King of
    England took over
    Virginia.
     – The Virginia Company
       ran into hard times
       and went bankrupt.
     – Virginia was making
       lots of money and the
       King did not want it to
       fail.
   Virginia became the first
    royal colony.
Native American
Relations
   As Jamestown continues to expand, and gain in
    population, relations with local tribes began to sour.
   The Native Americans tried many times to fight the
    colonial expansion.
    – The Algonquin Tribe, Powhatan’s tribe, was nearly
      eradicated by English efforts.
   Ultimately, the Native Americans lost and were
    forced to either leave the land or be placed on
    reservations.
    – This will become a common theme in American History.
    Bacon’s Rebellion
   Nathanial Bacon led an
    army of poor farmers
    against the
    government of Virginia
    for not supporting the
    poor.
   The rebellion showed
    that the poor would
    not tolerate a
    government that
    ignored their concerns
    in favor of the
    wealthy.
The Development of
Slavery
   During the late 1600s, England economy started to
    improve.
   This improvement meant that there were fewer
    indentured servants to come to the colonies to be
    used for labor on the tobacco farms.
   This will lead to the started importation of African
    slaves.
   What was the House of Burgesses?
    A.   The home of Puritan leaders
    B.   Home of the governor of Virginia
    C.   The Parliament of Virginia
    D.   An elected governing body in Virginia
   Why was the House of Burgesses
    significant?
    A. It sat as court in the Salem Witch Trials.
    B. It created a series of trade laws for the
       colonies.
    C. It imposed and collected British taxes.
    D. It was the start of representative
       government in Virginia.
   The Virginia House of Burgesses
    A. Established a model of representative
       government
    B. Was established by King James I
    C. Provided a way for people to secure
       religious freedom
    D. Was put in place in 1607 as a temporary
       government
   What was the name of the first
    representative body in the American
    colonies?
    A.   The   Albany Plan of Union
    B.   The   Continental Congress
    C.   The   Sons of Liberty
    D.   The   Virginia House of Burgesses
   The first successful British colony in
    North America was
    A.   Jamestown, Virginia
    B.   Quebec, Canada
    C.   Jamestown, Massachusetts
    D.   New Amsterdam, New Netherlands
   The Virginia colony was built largely due to
    the labor of people who agreed to work for a
    master for a set number of years in exchange
    for that master paying their way to North
    America. These laborers were then promised
    land once their time of servitude was over.
    Such workers were known as
    A.   Slaves.
    B.   Contract laborers.
    C.   Nativists.
    D.   Indentured servants.
   Which colonial region was most known
    for plantations, large numbers of
    slaves, and the production of rice and
    tobacco?
    A.   New England
    B.   Southern
    C.   Middle
    D.   Atlantic
   Who was Powhatan?
    A. A native American chief who made peace with the
       Pilgrims and helped them through their first
       winter.
    B. A Native American chief who ruled over much of
       the Virginia territory when English settlers
       arrived.
    C. A Native American chief who was shot and killed
       by New Englanders in Rhode Island.
    D. The first African slave to arrive in Virginia by way
       of the Middle Passage.
   What role did tobacco play in the history
    of Jamestown?
    A. It was the main crop the founders of Jamestown
       hoped to grow when the first established the colony.
    B. It caused fighting when the colonial government
       outlawed the crop and would not allow it to be
       imported.
    C. It turned out to be the cash crop that saved the
       colony.
    D. Although Virginians tried to raise tobacco, the crop
       failed miserably.
   He led a rebellion in 1676 that forced
    Virginia’s leaders to recognize the growing
    discontent among small landowners. The
    uprising he led also showed the need to do
    something about shortages of land and led to
    slavery serving as the colony’s primary labor
    system. Who was he?
    A.   Thomas Jefferson
    B.   George Washington
    C.   John C. Calhoun
    D.   Nathaniel Bacon
   Which of the following list is associated
    with the southern colonies?
    A. Subsistence farming, slavery, profitable
       shipping industry, Puritan faith
    B. Commerce, diversity, originally home to
       Dutch settlements
    C. Tobacco, rice, plantation system, large
       numbers of slaves
    D. Fur trade, with trials, Mayflower Compact
Book Assignment

   Page 30: 1-9
    – Just the answers. You do not need to
      write out the questions.
B
The New England
Colonies
   Massachusetts
    – Plymouth Colony
    – Massachusetts Bay Colony
   New Hampshire
   Connecticut
   Rhode Island
 The Puritans
The Plymouth Colony                  Massachusetts Bay Colony
 The Puritans wanted to remove       In 1629 a new group of
  all vestiges of Catholicism from     Puritans gained a royal
  the Anglican Church (Church of       charter for a new colony
  England)                            Just one year later, a wave
 The Pilgrims established the         of new Puritan immigrants,
  Plymouth colony as a place to        including John Winthrop,
  practice the Puritan religion        came to the New World
 They were NOT tolerant of           This was known as the Great
  other religions!!                    Migration
 In a view of things to come in      Most were seeking freedom
  New England, fish, fur and           or fleeing the civil war in
  lumber become economic               England
  staples
The Baby Steps to
Democracy
Early Political Institutions
 Minority Rule
   – Took the form of the Mayflower Compact
           This allowed the Puritans to maintain control of
            Plymouth Colony.
   Representative Government in Massachusetts
     – Members of the Puritan Church
     – Town Meetings
   Limited Democracy:
     – Only white, 17 years old, male landowners
       were generally allowed to participate in the
       political process
Problems in New England
The Halfway Covenant:             King Phillips’ War:
 The weakening of Puritan         The New England
  control led them to adopt          Confederation fought a
  the Halfway Covenant               vicious war against,
 People could become                Metacom, who had
  members of the church w/o          united the tribes in and
  making a full declaration of
                                     around New England
  their belief in Christ
                                   The colonists eventually
 This was generally adopted
  because of the lessening           prevailed and this was
  interest of the colonial-born      the last significant
  population in religious            challenge posed by the
  matters                            N.A. in New England
Breaking Away
Rhode Island                  Connecticut
                               The first constitution in
   Founded by Roger
    Williams as a haven for     America was drawn up
    religious tolerance         by those in Conn.
                               The Fundamental
   Created to escape the
    intolerance of Puritan      Orders of Connecticut
    society for different       established a
    religions.                  representative
                                government.
                               It’s royal charter
                                allowed them the
                                freedom to choose
                                their own governor
The Salem Witch Trials




   In 1692, the town of Salem held trials to determine
    the guilt of accused witches.
   In the end, twenty people, men and women, were put
    to death by hanging.
Loss of the Charter
   Massachusetts lost
    their colonial charter
    when they refused to
    pay the taxes required
    in the Navigation Act
    and tariff and trade
    laws.
   Even in 1684, the
    desire for freedom was
    present in the colonies.
   The Mayflower Compact served to
    establish
    A. Religious freedom throughout the
       colonies
    B. The possibility of self-government
    C. Trade agreements with England and
       France
    D. A covenant between Separatists and
       non-Separatists
Use the information below
to answer the question.
 Acknowledged themselves as British subjects
 Established a unit of government

 Determined the right to create mutually
  beneficial laws
 Agreed to abide by the laws created

Which document does the information describe?
    A.   The   Mayflower Compact
    B.   The   Declaration of Independence
    C.   The   Treaty of Paris of 1783
    D.   The   Treaty of Ghent
   What is the significance of the
    Mayflower Compact?
    A. It allowed for voting rights for all settlers.
    B. It transferred ownership of the colony to
       the Puritans.
    C. It provided for an even distribution of
       food among the colonists.
    D. It established a foundation for self-
       government.
   Which of the following groups founded
    Massachusetts?
    A.   Puritans
    B.   Quakers
    C.   Anglican ministers
    D.   Tobacco farmers
   Who would have disagreed the most
    when discussing the Half-way
    Covenant?
    A. A Virginia farmer and a New York merchant
    B. The Dutch and the British
    C. Members of the Puritan faith with different
       opinions concerning church membership
    D. Benjamin Franklin and King George III
   King Phillip’s War was an example of
    A. Spain’s attempts to keep Great Britain and
       France out of the New World.
    B. Native Americans’ efforts to drive white settlers
       out of Jamestown.
    C. Conflict that existed between New Englanders
       moving west and Native Americans.
    D. The struggle between the French and British for
       control of North America.
Book Assignment

   Page 62: 1-10
    – Just the answers. You do not need to
      write out the questions.
C
The Middle Colonies

   New York
    – New Amsterdam
   Delaware
   New Jersey
   Pennsylvania
The Middle Colonies
   These colonies were created mainly around
    the idea of trade.
   New York was originally owned by the
    Dutch and called New Amsterdam.
    – The English took it over and renamed it when
      they saw the Dutch making money and working
      with the Native Americans.
   Pennsylvania was created to provide a safe
    place for Quakers to worship and allow for
    religious tolerance.
   In 1624, a group of Dutch merchants started New
    Netherland. The main settlement of the colony was
    called New Amsterdam. After purchasing Manhattan
    Island form the Manhattan (American Indian) people,
    New Amsterdam grew into a major trade center.
    What happened to New Amsterdam?
    A.   It was taken over by the English in 1664.
    B.   It was the least tolerant of the middle colonies.
    C.   It grew into a center for the French fur trade.
    D.   It was settled by Quakers who believed in religious
         tolerance.
   Which of he following regions would
    have featured the most diversity
    during the late 1600s and 1700s?
    A.   New England
    B.   New York
    C.   South Carolina
    D.   Jamestown
   Which of the following nations was
    most impacted by England’s desire to
    claim New York?
    A.   France
    B.   Spain
    C.   Portugal
    D.   The Netherlands
   Which of the following was a Dutch
    colony before it was taken by the
    British in 1664?
    A.   New York
    B.   Maryland
    C.   Canada
    D.   North Carolina
   What phrase best describes the
    American colonies?
    A.   Religious purpose
    B.   Peace and stability
    C.   Successful from the start
    D.   Social equality
   Historians traditionally divide the
    original thirteen English colonies into
    which of the following categories?
    A.   North, West, East, and South
    B.   North, Middle, South
    C.   New England, Middle, Southern
    D.   New England, Middle, Plantation
D
New France (Canada)
               The French established
                the colony of Quebec
                in modern day Canada.
               The French worked
                closely with the Native
                Americans to control
                the fur trade.
               The French were not
                interested in long term
                settlement of the New
                World.
   In 1608, Samuel de Champlain established a
    settlement in Canada. He named his
    settlement Quebec. What was the purpose
    of the French settlement?
    A.   To   establish   a colony for religious freedom
    B.   To   establish   a fur trading post
    C.   To   establish   an English military post
    D.   To   establish   a center for New England trade
   The French founded Quebec mainly for
    what reason?
    A. They wanted a place in North America to raise
       tobacco.
    B. It was a good spot to wage war against the
       Spanish.
    C. It provided an excellent location for both trade
       and defense.
    D. They thought it would allow them to establish
       more colonies up and down the east coast.
   What colony did France found along
    the St. Lawrence River in 1608 for the
    purpose of establishing and protecting
    a successful fur trade?
    A.   Jamestown
    B.   Quebec
    C.   Plymouth
    D.   New Orleans
Unit 1 Book Questions
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   Pg.   92: 1-9
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   Blog:
    www.pebblebrookhigh.typepad.com/mr_rathke

				
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