56 interesting facts about the man

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					56 interesting facts about the man




56 interesting facts about the man

1. The flu epidemic of 1918-1919 killed more than 20 million people in the U.S. and Europe.
2. A person who smokes a pack of cigarettes a day, drank half a cup of tar per year.
3. People - one of the animal world, the ability to draw straight lines.
4. The length of hair, grew by an average person in a lifetime - 725 kilometers.
5. Do blond beard grows faster than brunettes.
6. With a smile at the person "working" 17 muscles.
7. The surface of the light - about 100 square meters.
8. Human DHK contains about 80,000 genes.
9. That men are dwarfs with growth below 130 cm, women - below 120 cm
10. White blood cells in the body live for 2-4 days, and red blood cells - 3-4 months.
11. Job title fingers from the French: empty, index, Major, anyuler, orikyuler.
12. Each finger of man bent over the lifetime of about 25 million times.
13. The size of the human heart is approximately the size of his fist. Heart weight adults is 220-260 g
14. The structure of the human body is only 4 minerals: apatite, aragonite, calcite, and cristobalite.
15. The human brain generates a day more electrical impulses than all the telephones of the world
combined.
16. A phenomenon in which light from a strong person loses the ability to see, is called "snow
blindness."
17. The total weight of the bacteria living in the human body, is 2 pounds.
18. In the human brain per second is 100,000 chemical reactions.
19. Babies are born without kneecaps. They appear only at the age of 2-6 years.
20. The surface area of the human lung is approximately equal to the area of a tennis court.
21. Since its birth in the human brain is, there are 14 billion cells, and the number is up to his death is
not increased. Haprotiv, after 25 years, it is reduced to 100,000 a day. Per minute that you spend on
reading the page, kills about 70 cells. After 40 years of sharply accelerated degradation of the brain,
and after 50 neurons (nerve cells) dry out and reduces the volume of the brain.
22. In psychiatry, the syndrome is accompanied by depersonalization, violation perception of time and
space, their bodies and the environment, officially (!) Is called "Alice in Wonderland."
23. The small intestine in human life has a length of 2.5 meters. After his death, when the muscles of
the bowel wall relaxes, its length is 6 meters.
24. In humans, about 2 million sweat glands. The average adult with every liter of sweat lost 540
calories. Men sweat approximately 40% more than women.
25. Human right lung accommodates more air than the left.
26. Adult makes about 23,000 breaths (and exhalation) a day.
27. Over a lifetime, the female body produces 7 million eggs.
28. The human eye can distinguish 10 million colors.
29. In the mouth of man about 40,000 bacteria.
30. Papafobiya - the fear of the Pope (Rome)!.
31. Sneeze with your eyes open is impossible.
32. In the spine, man 33 or 34 vertebrae.
33. Women blink about 2 times more often than men.
34. The smallest cell in the male body - sperm cells.
35. The strongest muscle in the human body - the language.
36. In humans, about 2,000 taste buds.
37. In Mesopotamia for the death of a patient doctor who treated him, executed, and for blindness -
dazzled.
38. At birth, the child's body about 300 bones in the adult age there are only 206.
39. The human body contains as much fat as you want to produce 7 bars of soap.
40. Hervnye impulses in the human body are moving at a speed of about 90 meters per second.
41. Human hair thicker soap film about 5000.
42. 36.8 million - the number of heartbeats a person for one year.
43. Men is about 10 times more often than women is colorblind.
44. Human gastric juice contains 0.4% hydrochloric acid (HCl).
45. Nearly half of all human bones found in the wrists and feet.
46. Medieval doctors when in doubt, the diagnosis was diagnosed "syphilis."
47. People with blue eyes are more sensitive to pain than others.
48. Hogti on fingers hands grow about 4 times faster than the legs.
49. Over the lifetime of the human skin is replaced about 1000.
50. There are over 100 different viruses that cause a cold.
51. Banging my head against the wall can lose 150 calories per hour.
52. In the adult human body about 75 kilometers (!) Nerves.
53. Bulimia - is indomitable appetite.
54. Partenofobiya - the fear of virgins.
55. Hauchnoe name navel - umbilikus.
56. Human bone by 50% of water.


The composition of the human body


• A person is composed of more than 100 000 000 000 000 cells (read "one hundred trillion"). For
comparison:
elephant in approximately 6 500 000 000 000 000 (six and a half quadrillion) cells,

• A person with 60% water. Sleep distributed unevenly
so, in the fatty tissue of the water is only 20%, 25% in the bone, liver 70%, 75% in muscle, blood and
80% in the. brain 85% of the total weight of water. When looking at these numbers affects apparent
paradox - in liquid blood less water than in a fairly dense brain. But it is not only in quantity but also in
the "packaging" of water. It is known that the jellyfish to 98-99% of water, though the jellyfish does not
dissolve in the sea, it can be taken in hand.

• The remaining 40% of the weight of the human body are distributed as follows:
Protein - 19%, fats and fat-like substances - 15% minerals, 5%), carbohydrates - 1%.

• Among the elements that compose our body, the most important role played by oxygen, carbon,
hydrogen and nitrogen. An adult's body are about 70 kilograms. A lot of the calcium and phosphorus -
with their nearly 2 kilograms, they are included in the composition of the bone, making it a strength.
Potassium, sulfur, sodium, chlorine is present in an amount to several tens of grams. Iron man about 6
grams, but it plays a crucial role, being a part of hemoglobin.



• Ironically, state the exact number of bones in the human skeleton is not possible. First, it is a little
different for different people. Approximately 20% of people have a variation in the number of vertebrae.
One person out of every twenty is too much edge, and men too much edge occurs in about 3 times
more often than women (contrary to the biblical legend of the creation of Eve from Adam's rib). Second,
the amount of bone changes with age: over time, which is not the bone heals, forming a tight joint.
Therefore it is not always clear how to believe it. For example, explicitly sacrum consists of five fused
vertebrae. Consider it for one or five? Therefore, solid leadership gently suggest that the person "a few
more than 200 bones."

• The longest bone - the femur, its length is usually 27.5% of the human growth. The fastest - stapes,
one of the bones that transmit vibrations of the eardrum to the sensitive cells of the inner ear, it works
like a lever, increasing the pressure of sound waves. Its length is only 3-4 millimeters.

• The smallest muscle - muscle stapes. When too much sound it turns stirrup so that the ratio of the
length of the lever arm bone-changing, and the gain of the sound decreases.

• Precisely specify the number of muscle possible. Professionals account for a person between 400 and
680 muscles. For comparison, the grasshoppers about 900 muscles, some caterpillars to four
thousand. The total weight of muscle in men is about 40% of body weight, while the women - about
30%.

• At rest, lying down, a person consumes per day 400 - 500 liters of oxygen, making it 12-20 breaths per
minute. For comparison, the respiratory rate horse-12 breaths per minute, rat-60 and canaries - 108.

• In the spring of respiratory rate by an average of one-third higher than in autumn.

• An adult heart pumps about one day 10,000 liters of blood. With a single blow to the aorta is released
about 130 milliliters. A normal heart rate at rest - 60-80 beats per minute, with women heart beats for 6-
8 beats per minute more often than men. In severe exercise heart rate may accelerate to more than 200
beats per minute. For comparison, the heart rate of an elephant-20 beats per minute, the bull - 25, in
the frog (cold-blooded animals) -30, a rabbit - 200, and a mouse - 500 beats per minute.

• The total length of blood vessels in the human body - about one hundred thousand miles.

• Here's how to distribute the blood in the body at rest: a quarter of the total is in the muscle, the other
quarter-kidney, 15% in the vessels of the intestinal wall, 10% - in the liver, 8% in the brain, 4% - in the
coronary vessels heart, 13% - in the vessels of the lungs and other organs.

• Each red blood cell contains about 270 million hemoglobin molecules.
The life of up to several months (there are several types of white blood cells, so it varied the terms of
their life). In the adult dies every hour billion red blood cells, white blood cells and 5000000000
2000000000 platelets. Are replaced by new cells produced in the bone marrow and spleen. During the
day, replaced about 25 grams of blood.

• Bone marrow adult, loose weight, filling the internal cavity of some bones, weighing an average of
2600 grams. During 70 years of his life he gives 650 kilograms of red blood cells and a ton of white
blood cells.

• The human nervous system contains about 10 billion neurons and approximately seven times more
cell service - supporting and feeding. Only one percent of the nerve cell is busy "independent work" -
makes sense from the environment and command muscles. Ninety-nine percent - are intermediate
nerve cells that serve as amplifying and transmitting stations.
• The largest human nerve cells 1000 times the smallest. Most delicate nerve fibers have a diameter of
only 0.5 micrometers, the thickest-20 micrometers.

• More than half of all neurons are concentrated in the cerebral hemispheres.

• The total area of the cerebral cortex varies from 1468 to 1670 square centimeters.

• In the cranial nerves in the brain is 2.6 million nerve fibers, and leaves 140,000. About half of the
orders are coming fibers to the muscles of the eyeball, running thin, fast and complex movements of the
eyes. The remaining nerves control facial expressions, chewing, swallowing and the internal organs. Of
incoming nerve fibers two million - visual.

• One minute flows through the brain 740-750 milliliters of blood.

• Starting from the thirtieth year of life a person is dying every 30-50 thousand nerve cells. Reduced the
basic dimensions of the brain. With age, the brain is not only lose weight but also changes shape -
flattened. In men, the weight of the brain is maximal at 20-29 years, women - in 15-19.

• The average normal visual acuity is 0.0003 MOA, that is, the eye can distinguish a well-lit subject in
diameter one-tenth of a millimeter at a distance of 25 centimeters. But if the subject is very light, it may
be much less. Hole with a diameter of 3 to 4 thousandths of a millimeter, a punctured the sheet of tin,
for which light is lit, well distinguished normal eye.

• Blood cells are constantly dying and being replaced. The life span of the erythrocyte - 90-125 days,
white blood cells - from a few hours to several days.

• weight of the human brain is 1/46 of total body weight, the weight of the brain elephant - only 1/560 of
body weight.

• The eye is able to distinguish between 130-250 pure color tones and 5.10 million mixed shades.

• Flash rate at which the flashing light appears exactly eye burning, for rods of 15 per second, for
cones, 71-90.

• Complete eyes' dark adaptation takes 60-80 minutes.

• A finger can feel the vibration amplitude in the two ten-thousandths of a millimeter.

• The surface of the human skin by an average of about 2 square meters. It is necessary to know the
appointment of certain drugs and medical procedures. For the calculation of the surface of the skin is
usually used in the clinic the following formula:
body surface == (body weight X 4) + 7
Weight in kilograms should be taken, the surface is obtained in square meters. There is a more
accurate formulas that take into account the growth, but the calculation is much more difficult for them,
and use them often.

• One minute passes through the skin 460 milliliters of blood.

• The skin of 250,000 scattered receptors cold receptors 30,000 heat pain endings million, half a million
touch receptors and three million sweat glands.

• The average number of hairs on his head: the blond-140 000, the 102,000-haired, brown-109000, the
red-haired - 88 thousand. The total number of hairs on the body, except the head, about 20 thousand.

• Hair grows at a rate of 0.35-0.40 mm per day. The day our hair longer, if you count the total increase in
the length of the hair, thirty meters.

• The inner ear of about 25 000 cells that respond to sound. Frequency range of perceived hearing is
between 16 and 20,000 hertz. With age, it is reduced, especially by reducing the sensitivity to high-
pitched sounds. By 35 the upper limit of hearing falls to 15,000 hertz.
• The ear is most sensitive to the range of 2000-2300 Hz. Best same ear for music (the ability to
distinguish between high) occurs in the region 80-600 Hz. Here, the human ear can distinguish
between, for example, two sounds with a frequency of 100 Hz and 100.1 Hz. Only one discerns 3-4
thousand sounds of different heights.

• We recognize the sound from 35-175 milliseconds after he came to the ear. Another 180 - 500
milliseconds required ear out to "tune in" to the reception of the sound, to achieve the best sensitivity.

• The language is about 9,000 taste buds. The best temperature for their work, 24 degrees Celsius.
(Gourmet is worth considering!)

• The area of the olfactory area of the nose-5 square centimeters. There are about a million olfactory
nerve endings. That in the olfactory nerve fibers originated momentum on its end should fall
approximately 8 molecules of odorous substance. To cause a sense of smell must be excited at least 40
nerve fibers.

• Fingernails grow at a rate of 0.086 mm per day, on my feet-0, 05 mm. For the year of the fingers
grows about two grams of nails.

• When chewing jaw muscles develop force on the molars to 72 pounds, and on the incisors - up to 20
pounds. For chewing bread requires a force of 25 kilograms for chewing roast veal - 15 kgs.

• One square millimeter of the gastric mucosa is about one hundred glands secrete digestive juices.

• The small intestine, which are absorbed into the blood undigested food, has on its inner surface of
about 5 million villi - delicate hairlike cilia, through which is the absorption of nutrients.

• A drink of water, a lot or a little? Numerous measurements have shown that male swallows one sip an
average of 21 ml of fluid, and the woman-14 milliliters

• A sense of thirst occurs when water loss is equal to one percent of body weight. The loss of more than
5% can lead to fainting, and more than 10% - to death by desiccation.

• Fresh fingerprint weighs about one-millionth of a gram. It is composed of water, fat, protein and salt
allocated skin

• Even tough men daily shed 3.1 milliliter of tears. Tears are constantly produced by the lacrimal gland
and moisten the cornea, protecting it from the effects of air and dust.

• The human body works at least 700 enzymes.



• The smallest woman in the world is Lucia Zarate (1864 - 1890). At birth, the baby's growth was 17
centimeters Lucia has grown to 43 inches and weighs 2.2 pounds


Reserves of the human body


A bunch of different, including unnecessary information

It turns out that a person can run without rest a few hundred kilometers, swim in water at
ambient temperature -43 degrees, without food 49 days, hold your breath for 15 minutes and
show the other wonders of strength and endurance.


What is the maximum distance a person is able to run continuously? Record in this area belongs to the
Indians - the representatives of the Tarahumara tribe. "Quick leg" - as translated this tribe inhabiting the
western Sierra Madre in Mexico. In the book, George Shanin "From the Greeks to the Present" (Wiley,
1975) described a case in which one of nineteen Tarahumara for 70 h underwent
sorokapyatikilogrammovuyu parcel a distance of 120 km. His kinsman, carrying an important letter, five
days covered a distance of 600 km. Well-trained messenger can run for 12 hours at least a hundred
kilometers and can run at a pace of four and even six days.


But the American Stan Kotrel 24 hours without rest ran 276 km 600 m


In the 70-ies. 19th century Swiss physician Felix Shenk put on yourself the following experiment. He
had not slept for three days in a row. During the day, constantly walking and gymnastics. Two nights he
made the 30-kilometer walk transitions with an average speed of 4 km / h, and 200 times a night raised
over his head stone weighing 46 kg. As a result, in spite of a normal diet, he has lost weight 2 kg. The
results of this experiment were presented to them in 1874 in his study on the effect of the breakdown of
muscle protein.


Our contemporary EM Yashin prefer to conduct similar experiments each morning in the form of
physical intensity of the continuous charge to the limit - an original 25-minute superaerobika. It is added
to the Sunday race at 20 - 40 km, one meal (vegetarian), 4 - 5 hours of sleep. Yashin body weight at
178-cm rise of '67 pulse at rest immediately after waking up - 36 beats per minute.


Well, what the power of skiers? In 1980, Finnish athlete Attie Nevala able to run during the day to ski a
distance equal to 280 km 900 m, and his compatriot Onni Savi holds the record for non-stop movement
to ski for 48 hours in 1966, it was during this time 305, 9 km.


More than two centuries ago, was born in Holland konkobezhny marathon. In general in this country,
according to local residents, the children first begin to skate, and then walk. Marathon participants
overcome skating non-stop 200 km. In 1985, a record in the form of a contest set a 49-year-old
Dutchman Jaan Kruytof - 6 h 5 min 17 s. Interestingly, in 1983, the marathon run on the frozen lake
Memfremagon from the U.S. to Canada 200-kilometer distance successfully ran a veteran of the sport
semidesyatishestiletny A. Devries.


Trained person can swim as long as the run. For example, Argentine Antonio sorokatrehletny Albertino
swam the English Channel in both directions without stopping. Overcoming the strong currents, it
actually made the journey of about 150 km (35 km width of the strait) and continuously been in the
water 43 hours 4 min.


However, this distance was not the greatest for the swimmers. 67-year-old Walter Barge of the United
States managed to swim 167 miles from Havana to Florida, and his compatriot New York policeman
Ben Haggard resigned even 221 km - the distance between the U.S. and the Bahamas. Record for the
same distance swim in the ocean belong to an American Stella Taylor - 321 miles!


There are examples of a kind and funny person sverhvynoslivosti. In 1951, one enthusiast was able to
pass for 4 hours non-stop 25 km ... napred ass! And the competition talkers Shihin someone born in
Ireland did not close his mouth as much as 133 hours


In our country, in 1980, during the World Olympiad Yuri Shumitsky finished walking tour along the route
Vladivostok - Moskva.V year he walked 12 thousand km. But AR Ivanenko, who at age 30 was an
invalid, was able to run in '64 for a year away from Leningrad to Magadan length 11,783 km!


In 1986, forty French physician Jean-Louis Etienne to ski in less than two months alone covered a
distance of 1200 km from the coast of Canada to the North Pole. On its way the brave travelers had to
overcome and broken from a collision with the shore ice with a mass of crevices, and 52-degree cold,
and, finally, a sense of solitude. Twice he fell into the icy water, lost 8 kg in weight, but achieved his
goal.


A case where the rickshaw drove running man, weighing 54 kg, 14, 5 hours from Tokyo to Nikko town,
located in the mountains about 100 km from the Japanese capital.


Finally we should mention a special kind of triathlon, known as "Iron Man." Once a super tournament
held in Hawaii. The first stage - swimming. 4 km distance to Waikiki River consists of two parts: 2 km -
the river, the second half - against. Got out of the water - and once in the saddle. 180 km to the tropical
heat - no laughing matter, but there is a third phase - running on the classic marathon distance 42 km
195 m is interesting that the winners of this unusual triathlon manage to overcome the exhausting trail
for 9 hours


The literature often think of the best runners of Greek troops Filippide that ran in 490 BC the distance
from Marathon to Athens (42 km 195 m) to report the victory of the Greeks over the Persians, and then
died. According to other sources before the battle Filippid "ran" through the mountain pass to Sparta to
enlist the help of the Allies, and ran at the same time in two days more than 200 km. If we consider that
after such a "jog" runner took part in the famous battle of Marathon plain, and endurance of the man
can only wonder. Here are several interesting examples that demonstrate the huge reserves of the
transformation of the person using the jogging of the seriously ill in marathon runners.


Nikolai gold. Born in 1894, In 1945, he retired, suffering from heart failure, severe spinal contusion and
many other serious illnesses. But gold decided to live out his days sitting on a bench - it is not for him,
and began to "re-create itself." Overcoming severe pain in the spine, it instead of two or three jumps on
bad legs bending through systematic training learned to do without any tension on each leg for 5
thousand jumps. Then he began to run regularly, participated in many competitions, sprints, races,
including the marathon. In the traditional run around the track Pushkin - Leningrad in 1978, he won his
fifth gold medal.


47-year-old longshoreman from Petropavlovsk-on-Kamchatka Valentin click through 5 years after
myocardial infarction and the associated two-month hospitalization ran for International Peace
Marathon in Moscow marathon in 2 hours 54 minutes.


In 1983, the race was held in Odessa on 100 km. The winner was a biology teacher and singing of
Terskol Vitaly Kovel, who has overcome that distance in 6 hours 26 minutes and 26 seconds. In the
race there were other winners, beating themselves: J. Berlin, A. Sotnikov, Makarov ... They had to run
continuously 10 - 15 hours, but that was already over the age of 60! In two of the past angina and
overweight from 13 to 20 kg.


In a 100-kilometer race in the past suffered from angina and a whole bunch of vascular and
gastrointestinal pyatidesyatipyatiletny A. Bandrovsky from Kaluga ran this distance in 12.5 hours Only
10 hours 5 minutes it took sixty-year N. Golshevu of Ulyanovsk to cross the 100-mile distance in a
continuous run, and in fact in the past, he suffered from severe disturbance of osteochondrosis joint
mobility. In addition to jogging, to get rid of this disease Golshevu helped volitional exercise in breath-
hold, the transition to a vegetarian diet and hardening of the body brought to the "winter swimming".


In 1973. Hawaii was organized by a peculiar race on a marathon. Its participants were exclusively
persons who have suffered a myocardial infarction in the breach. However during the race, there was
not a single accident.
Marathon man is able to run both in childhood and in old age. For example, a certain Paul Wesley in 7
years ran the marathon in 4 hours, 4 minutes, and two years later improved his result on the hour. GV
Tchaikovsky in the day of his 70th birthday spent marathon run 3 hours 12 minutes and 40 seconds.
Age also record anytime owned Greek Dimitar Iordanis. In 98 years, he ran a marathon in 7 hours 40
minutes.


Once known English athlete Joe Deakin, whose journalists have long dubbed the "grandfather race" in
their 90-plus years, every Sunday run about 7 km.


Even more amazing athletic longevity American Larry Lewis. In its 102 years, he ran every morning 10
km. A distance of 100 yards (91 m) Larry Lewis is overcome with 17.3 (0.5 seconds faster than 101
years).


Some amateurs do not interfere with running a marathon even serious injury. For example, American
runner Dick Traum has continued to participate in the marathon competition after surgeons amputated
his leg, injured in a car crash, above the knee. He then ran to the prosthesis. 42-year-old Werner
Rahter from Germany, being totally blind, showed the marathon a good time - 2 h 36 min 15 s.


Resistance to cold


Resistance to cold is largely dependent on whether the person is engaged regularly Kholodov
tempering. This is confirmed by the results of the forensic experts who have studied the causes and
consequences of shipwrecks that have occurred in the icy waters of the seas and oceans. Unhardened
passengers even when life-saving died of hypothermia in the icy water at the same in the first half hour.
Simultaneously, there were cases when some people were fighting for life with a piercing cold ice water
for several hours.


According to the Canadian physiologist who studied the problem of man in cold water, deadly cooling
must occur no sooner than 60 - 90 minutes. The cause of death can be a kind of cold shock, which
develops after immersion in water, or dysfunction of the respiratory irritation caused by massive cold
receptors, or cardiac arrest.


So pilot Smagin catapulted over the White Sea, for 7 hours was in water that was only 6 ° C.


During the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet sergeant Peter Golubev for 9 h swam in the icy water of 20
km and has successfully completed his assignment.


American athlete Lynne Cox 9 August 1987 swam in 2 hours 6 minutes chetyrehkilometrovy strait that
separates the island of Little and Big Diomede at a water temperature of 6 ° C.


In 1985, a remarkable ability to survive in the icy water showed an English fisherman. All of his friends
died from hypothermia after 10 minutes after a shipwreck. He also swam in the icy water for more than
5 hours, and reaching the ground, even walked barefoot on the shore of the frozen lifeless about 3
hours


Swim in the icy water of a person can, even in very severe frost. At one of the festivals of winter
swimming in Moscow a parade of participants, "walrus" Hero of the Soviet Union Lieutenant General
GE Alpaidze said: "Healing power of cold water, I experienced it for 18 years. So much constantly swim
in the winter. During While serving in the North did it even when the air temperature - 43 ° C. I'm sure
swimming in cold weather - the highest stage of hardening of the body. impossible not to agree with
Suvorov, who said that the "ice water is beneficial for the body and mind."


In 1986, the "week reported a 95-year-old" Walrus "from Evpatoria Boris Iosifovich Soskin. Hole in it in
the 70-year old pushed sciatica. For properly chosen dose of cold spare capacity to mobilize people.


More recently, it was thought that if, within 5 - 6 minutes is not out of the water drowning man, he would
inevitably be lost as a result of irreversible pathological changes in the neurons of the cerebral cortex
associated with acute oxygen deficiency *. However, in cold water, this time can be much larger. For
example, in the state of Michigan has been a case of, when 18-year-old student Brian Kanninhem fell
through the ice of frozen lake and was pulled out after only 38 minutes. It brought back to life by
artificial breathing pure oxygen. Even earlier, a similar case was registered in Norway. Year-old boy
from the city of Vegard Slettumuen Lillestrema fell through the ice of the river. After 40 minutes of
lifeless body was pulled ashore, began CPR and heart massage. Soon there were signs of life. Two
days later the boy regained consciousness, and he asked: "Where are my glasses?"


Similar incidents with children - not such a rarity. In 1984, under the ice of Lake Michigan fell four Jimmy
Tontlevits. 20 minutes of stay in the icy water of his body cooled to 27 ° C. Still 1.5 hours resuscitation
boy was returned to life. Three years later, seven-year Bludnitskomu Whyte from the Grodno region had
to stay under the ice for half an hour. After a thirty-minute cardiac massage and artificial respiration was
recorded first breath. Still the case. In January 1987, four-month-year-old boy and a girl falling into a
Norwegian fjord to a depth of 10 meters, a quarter of an hour stay under water were also brought back
to life.


In April 1975, the 60-year-old American biologist Warren Churchill spent record fish on floating ice-
covered lake. His boat overturned, and he was forced to stay in the cold water at a temperature of +5 °
C for 1.5 h By the time the doctors Churchill was not breathing, all blue. His heart just listen to, and the
temperature of the internal organs decreased to 16 ° C. Yet this man was still alive.


An important discovery was made in this country by Professor A. Konikovoy. In experiments on rabbits,
it found that if, not later than 10 minutes after the death of the animal's body to cool quickly, in an hour it
can be successfully revived. Probably, this may explain the amazing cases of recovery of people after a
long stay in cold water.


The literature often found sensational reports about the survival of man after a long stay at a block of
ice or snow. In this hard to believe, but the short-term hypothermia people still able to move.


An illustrative example of this - a case that occurred with the famous Soviet traveler GL Travin, which
1928 - 1931 years. alone on a bicycle, he traveled along the borders of the Soviet Union (including ice
and Arctic Ocean). In early spring 1930, he settled down for the night as usual, right on the ice, rather
than using an ordinary sleeping bag snow. Night next to his overnight in the ice is a crack, and a brave
traveler ukryvshy snow turned to ice shell. Leaving the ice part primorozhennoy him clothes, GL Travin
with frozen hair and "ice hump" on the back got to the nearest Nenets plague. A few days later he
continued his bicycle trip to the Arctic Ocean ice.


Repeatedly observed that freezing a person can fall into a reverie, in which he feels that he found
himself in a very heated room, in the hot desert, etc. In a semi-conscious state, he can drop off his
boots, outdoor clothing and even underwear. Was a case where the stood on the man found naked,
was prosecuted for robbery and murder. But investigators found that the victim undressed himself.
But what an extraordinary thing happened in Japan with the driver-car refrigerator Masaru Saito. On a
hot day, he decided to rest in the back of your chiller. In the same block of the body are "dry ice", which
are frozen carbon dioxide. Van door slammed shut, and the driver was alone with a cold (-10 ° C) and
rapidly increasing as a result of the evaporation of "dry ice" concentration of CO2. The exact time in
which the driver was under these conditions could not be determined. In any case, when it was pulled
out of the truck, he was frozen, yet after a few hours the victim was revived at the nearest hospital.


At the time of onset of clinical death of the person from exposure temperature of its internal organs are
usually reduced to 26 - 24 ° C. But are known exceptions to this rule.


In February 1951, the American Hospital in the city of Chicago was brought 23-year-old black woman,
which in very light clothing lay 11 hours in the snow with fluctuations in air temperature from - 18 to - 26
° C. The temperature of its internal organs at the time of hospital admission was 18 ° C. Cool man to
such a low temperature rarely addressed even surgeons during complex operations, for it is the limit
below which there may be irreversible changes in the cerebral cortex.


First of all, doctors were surprised by the fact that with such a pronounced cooling of the body she was
still breathing, though rare (3 - 5 breaths in 1 min.). Pulse she was also very rare (12 - 20 beats in 1
minute), irregular (pause between heartbeats reached 8). The victim managed to save a life. True, she
had been amputated frostbitten feet and fingers.


Somewhat later, a similar case was registered in this country. Frosty morning in March 1960, in a
hospital in the Aktobe region was delivered frozen man found workers building site on the outskirts of
the village. At the first medical examination the victim was recorded in the minutes: "numb body in icy
clothes, without a hat and shoes. Limbs bent in the compositions and straighten them is not possible.
When tapping on the body of a hollow sound, as from blows to the tree. Surface temperature of the
body below 0 ° C. The eyes are wide open, eyes covered with ice edge, dilated pupils, cloudy, the iris
and the sclera ice crust. Signs of life - the heartbeat and breathing - not determined. Diagnosis: total
freeze, clinical death. "


It is hard to say what motivated physician PA Abrahamian - either professional intuition, or professional
reluctance to accept death, but he still put the victim in a hot bath. When the body is freed from the ice,
began a special set of resuscitation. After 1.5 hours a faint breath and faint pulse. By the evening of the
same day the patient regained consciousness.


We give one interesting example. In 1987, the Mongolian baby M. Munhzaya spent 12 hours in the field
at 34-degree frost. His body woodenly. But half an hour later there was barely discernible resuscitation
pulse (2 hits in 1 minute). A day later, he moved his hands over two - came a week later discharged
from the conclusion: "Pathological changes not."


At the heart of such an amazing phenomenon is the body's ability to respond to the operation of the
cooling without muscle tremors. The fact that the inclusion of a mechanism to maintain at all costs in
cooling a constant body temperature, leading to "burnout" major energy materials - fat and
carbohydrates. Obviously, for the body is more profitable than fight a few degrees, but slow down and
synchronize the processes of life, make a temporary retreat to the 30-degree mark - which will save
power in the ensuing struggle for survival.


There are cases where people with a body temperature of 32 - 28 ° C were able to walk, talk.
Registered conservation consciousness chilled people at body temperature 30 - 26 ° C and meaningful
speech, even at 24 ° C.
A person can survive combat with the 50-degree cold, almost without the warm clothes. That is the
opportunity to show in 1983 after a group of mountaineers climbing to the summit of Mount Elbrus.
Some only swimming trunks, socks, mittens and masks they spent termobarokamere half an hour - in a
brutal cold and rarefied atmosphere, the appropriate height of the peak of Communism. First 1 - 2
minutes, 50-degree cold was quite portable. Then the cold began to beat a strong tremor. There was a
feeling that the body is covered with ice shell. For half an hour it has cooled almost a degree.


When cooling the fingers through the narrowing of the capillaries insulating properties of the skin can be
increased by 6 times. But the capillaries of the skin of the head (except for the front part) do not have
the ability to narrow under the influence of cold. Therefore, at a temperature of - 4 ° C for about half of
the total heat produced by the body at rest is lost through a cooled head if it is not covered. But the
immersion of the head in ice water for more than 10 untrained people can cause a spasm of blood
vessels that feed the brain.


The more surprising incident that occurred in winter 1980 in the village of New Tour (Tatar ASSR). In the
29-degree cold 11-year-old Vladimir Pavlov did not hesitate to dive into the lake wormwood. He did this
in order to save the ice gone four boys. He was saved, although it had three dive under the ice to a
depth of 2 m


In recent years more and more popular are the competition in speed swimming in the icy water. In our
country, such competitions are held in two age group at a distance of 25 and 50 m, for example, the
winner of a competition of this type is a 37-year-old Muscovite Yevgeny Oreshkin, who swam in the icy
water of the 25-meter distance in 12, 2. In Czechoslovakia Winter Swimming Competition held at the
100, 250 and 500 m swim Sverhzakalennye do even at 1,000 m with a stay in the icy water up to 30
minutes continuously.


"Walrus", of course - people seasoned. But their resistance to cold - not the limit of human capabilities.
Even greater immunity to cold have Aboriginal central Australia and Tierra del Fuego (South America),
and the Bushmen of the Kalahari Desert (South Africa).


High resistance to cold natives of Tierra del Fuego observed by Charles Darwin during his voyage on
the ship "Beagle." He was surprised that a completely nude women and children were not paying any
attention to the thickly falling snow that melted on their bodies.


In 1958 - 1959 years. American psychologists have studied cold tolerance Aboriginal central Australia. It
turned out that they are quite easy with an air temperature of 5 - 0 ° C, sleep naked on the bare ground
between the fires, sleep with no signs of tremors and improve gas exchange. The body temperature of
Australians, however, remains normal, but the temperature of the skin on the body is reduced to 15 ° C,
and in the limbs - even up to 10 ° C. With such a marked reduction in skin temperature in the ordinary
people have to feel almost unbearable pain, and the Australians are sleeping quietly and do not feel no
pain or cold.


In Moscow resident physician LI Beautiful. This man got a serious injury - a fracture in the lower back.
As a result of atrophy of the gluteal muscles, paralysis of both legs. Fellow surgeons patched him as
best they could, but the fact that he survived, not hope. And he is "all deaths luck" restored the
damaged spinal cord. Lead, he believes, is played with a combination of cold hardening dose fasting.
Of course, this is unlikely to be helped, not whether this man of extraordinary strength of will.


What is willpower? In fact, it is not always recognized, but a very strong self-hypnosis.


Autosuggestion owned and important role in the cold hardening of one of the ethnic groups living in the
mountainous regions of Nepal and Tibet. In 1963, a case has been described extreme resistance to
cold 35-year-old mountaineer named Man Bahadur, who spent four days on the mountain glaciers (5 -
5, 3 sq m) with air temperature minus 13 - 15 ° C, barefoot, in a bad clothes, without food. He was
found almost no significant violations. Studies have shown that with the help of auto-suggestion, he
could increase his energy exchange in the cold for 33 - 50% by "nesokratitelnogo" thermogenesis, ie
without any appearance of "cold tone" and muscle tremors. This capacity and saved him from
hypothermia and frostbite.


But perhaps the most surprising is the observation of a known scholar of Tibet by Alexandra David-Nel.
In his book "The Magicians and mystics of Tibet," she described the contest, which is carried out at the
common people in holes cut through mountain lake naked to the waist yoga-REP. Frost at 30 °, but from
belching steam REP. And no wonder - they compete as a sheet, pulled out of the icy water, each will dry
on his own back. To do this, they cause in the body condition where almost all of the energy of life is
spent to produce heat. I rep has defined criteria for assessing the management of the thermal energy of
the organism. Pupil sits in a pose of "lotus" in the snow, slow breathing (the result of an accumulation of
carbon dioxide in the blood of superficial blood vessels dilate and increases the heat loss by the body)
and it appears that along its spine stronger the flame. At this time, determined by the amount of snow,
melted by sitting and melting radius around it.


Cold can contribute to longevity It is no accident the third percentage of centenarians (after Dagestan
and Abkhazia) is Longevity Center in Siberia - Oymyakon in Yakutia, where frosts sometimes reach up
to 60 - 70 ° C. Residents of another Longevity Center - Hunza valley in Pakistan swimming in ice-cold
water, even in winter, with 15-degree frost. They are very cold-resistant and its only stoked the stove to
cook the food. Rejuvenating effect of cold on the background of a balanced diet is reflected there
primarily for women. In 40 years, they are considered still young, almost like we have a girl, 50 - 60
years preserve harmony and elegance of figure, 65 - can have children.


Some nationalities are prevalent traditions teach the body to cold in infancy. "Yakuts - wrote Russian
Academician IR Tarkhanov in the late 19th century, in his book" On the hardening of the human body,
"rubbed her newborn snow and Ostiaks like Tungus, immerse infants in the snow, pour ice water and
then wrap themselves in deer skins.


About what excellence and endurance can be achieved during cold hardening, according to
observations made during a recent US-New Zealand expedition in the Himalayas. Part Sherpa-
conductors made many kilometers along the mountain path rocky trails, the zone of perpetual snow ...
barefoot. And this despite the 20-degree frost!



Resistance to high temperatures



Foreign scientists conducted special experiments to determine the highest temperature that the human
body can survive in dry air. Temperature of 71 ° C the average person stand for 1 h, 82 ° C - 49 min, 93
° C - 33 min, and 104 ° C - only 26 minutes.


However, in the literature and quite a seemingly improbable events. In 1764, the French scientist Tillett
reported at the Paris Academy of Sciences that the woman was in the oven at 132 ° C for 12 min.


In 1828, the case has been described a 14-minute stay men in the furnace, where the temperature
reached 170 ° C. English physicist and Blagden Centro order autoeksperimenta were in ovens at 160 °
C. In Belgium in 1958 was a case of human tolerance to 5-minute stay in a heat chamber at 200 ° C.
Studies in the heat chamber, conducted in the USA found that the body temperature in humans, in this
trial may be increased to 40,3 ° C, while the body is dehydrated by 10%. The body temperature of dogs
brought even to 42 ° C. A further increase in the body temperature of animals (up to 42,8 ° C) was for
them is deadly ...


However, infectious diseases accompanied by fever, some people are able to move and even more
body heat. Such as the American student from Brooklyn Sofia Sapola during brucellosis, a body
temperature higher than 43 ° C.


For stays of man in hot water heat loss through the possibility of evaporation of sweat is eliminated.
Therefore, tolerance to high temperatures in an aqueous medium is much lower than in dry air. "The
record in this area, probably belongs to the Turk, who, like Prince Ivan, could plunge headlong into a
pot with water at a temperature of +70 ° C. Of course, to achieve these" records "required a long and
continuous training.


Resistance to hunger, thirst and lack of oxygen



During World War II, in July 1942, four Soviet sailors were in the boat away from the shore of the Black
Sea without water and food. On the third day of the voyage, they started trying seawater. In the Black
Sea water 2 times less salty than the oceans. Still getting used to its sailors were only able to eat on the
fifth day. Drank it every now and two jars a day. So they seemed to come out of the situation with the
water. But the problem of nutrition, they could not solve. One of them died of hunger in the 19th, the
second - on the 24th, the third on the 30th day. The last of the four - captain of medical service PI
Yeresko - 36 th day of the fasting state blackout was picked up by the Soviet military vessel. 36 days
wandering the sea without a meal he had lost 22 kg in weight, which is 32% of its original weight.


For comparison, even with voluntary starvation in a relaxed atmosphere for 50 days, even people,
according to various authors, losing 27 to 30% by weight, ie, less than in the example above.


In January 1960, the self-propelled barge with four Soviet soldiers (Ziganshina, F. Poplawski, A.
Kryuchkovsky And Fedotov) storm swept into the Pacific Ocean. On the second day on the barge ran
out of fuel, out of service radio. After 37 days was over very meager supply of food. He was replaced by
a harmonic and fried skin boots. Daily amount of fresh water was first 5, and then only three sips per
person. However, this amount was sufficient to hold out 49 days before the rescue.


In 1984, 55 days had to live alone on a desert island Aral Sea 52-year-old Paulus Normantasu because
sailed his boat. It was in March. Supply of food is: half a loaf of bread, 15 grams of tea, 22 lumps of
sugar and 6 bulbs. Fortunately, spring floods bring in a lot of fresh sea water, which is easier and keeps
salt on the surface. So thirsty he was not. In the food went gull eggs, turtles and even fish (due to
underwater hunting rifle), young grass. When, in the sea water is warmed up to +16 ° C for 4 days
Normantas swimming covered the distance of 20 km, 16 resting on the intermediate islands, and safely
reached the shore without assistance.


Another case of a long forced starvation. Winter 1963 in the mountainous desert area in Canada
crashed a private plane. The crew consisted of two 42-year-old pilot Ralph Florez and 21-year-old
student Helena Club. Landing was successful, but to get to the nearest town in the desert hundreds of
miles of snow was absolutely unreal. It only remained to wait for help and wait and fight the penetrating
to the bone, cold and hunger. On the plane was a supply of food, but a week later it was over, and after
20 days, the couple ate his last "food" - 2 tubes of toothpaste. Slush was their only meal for breakfast,
lunch and dinner. "In the following weeks, - explained later Helen Club - we live on the water. We had it
in three ways: cold, hot and boiling. Striping helps to brighten up the monotony of a single menu" dishes
out of the snow. "Miss Club, which was" pretty bbw "in the time of the accident, after the ordeal lost
weight 12 kg. Ralph Florez had lost 16 kg. They were rescued March 25, 1963, 49 days after the
accident.


Unusual case of voluntary starvation was registered in Odessa. In specialized units fasting-diet therapy
at a hospital to see a doctor VJ Davydov was taken extremely emaciated woman. It turned out that she
was starved for three months ... to suicide, losing this time, 60% of its weight. Senior doctor woman
regained his love of life and through a special diet to restore its former weight.


The fact that a person may for a long time without food, evidenced by the case of "hunger strike",
registered over half a century ago in the Irish city of Cork. A group of 11 Irish patriots, led by Lord Mayor
of Cork Terence McSweeney who are in prison, decided to starve himself to death as a sign of
Protestants against British rule in their country. Day after day, the newspaper conveyed news of the
prison, and on the 20th day, they have argued that the prisoners are dying, that is sent for the priest, by
family members gathered at the prison gates. These messages are transmitted on the 30th, 40th, 50th,
60th and 70th day. In reality, the first prisoner (McSweeney) died on the 74th day, the second - on the
88th day, the other nine people on the 94th day of hunger declined gradually recovered and survived.


More prolonged fasting (119 days) was recorded by American physicians in Los Angeles: they observed
were obese Elaine Jones, who weighed 143 kg. Every day during the fasting is to drink 3 liters of water.
In addition, twice a week, she did vitaminoznoe injection. Weight patients for 17 weeks reduced to 81
pounds, and she felt fine.


Finally in 1973, have been described seem fantastic period of fasting two women registered in one of
the medical facilities proud Glasgow. They both weighed more than 100 kg, and for the normalization
had a fast 236 days, and the other as much as 249 days (a world record!)


American dietician Paul Bragg in 1967 in his book "The Miracle of Fasting" described the hike, which he
made in old age for Death Valley, California. In the July heat for 2 days of fasting, he went through the
desert 30 miles, spent the night in a tent and went hungry the same way. But the 10 strong young
athletes competed in these days with him, who ate and drank all we wanted (including cold drinks and
salt tablets), could not pass, and 25 miles. And no wonder. After all, when all went camping, 40.6 was
the heat, and in the afternoon - even 50,4 ° C.


In 1982 - 1983 years. 6 brave northern waters for 8 months made the transition to the Arctic outskirts of
the country length of 10 thousand kilometers. In the last two weeks of this unprecedented campaign two
of its members to voluntarily starve (drinking only broth hips with multivitamins). During the period of
fasting, they lost weight 4, 5 lbs.


In 1984, a group of volunteers under the leadership of Henry Ryzhavskogo and Candidate of Medical
Sciences Valery Gurvich made a 15-day "emergency" trip kayaking on the White River. They went on a
journey without food and did not eat anything except water. Work as they had to paddle for 6 - 8 hours a
day. This test successfully passed all the participants, while the oldest one was 57 years old. A year
earlier, the same two-week "hungry" rafting trip on the Caspian Sea made another group of enthusiasts.


But Moscow geologist S. Borodin, through training in running with frequent famines, on the 5th day of
starvation ran the 10-kilometer cross-country with the same maximum speed as the "full" period.


Speaking of the "record" of starvation in the animal world, not to mention the discovery in India, a new
form of a spider. Of all living beings that spider is different in that it can go without food for as many as
18 (!) Years.


How many and what kind of food a person can eat in one sitting?


At one of the traditional holidays in Rouen (France) agonists gluttons for a short time managed to
absorb every 1 kg 200 grams of boiled chicken, 1 kg 300 g of roast lamb, cheeses livaro, apple pie, two
bottles of Alsatian wine, four bottles of cider and two bottles of Burgundy wine.


In 1910, the first in the world is greedy American from Pennsylvania. He ate eggs for breakfast 144. But
his countrymen - record obesity twin brothers Billy and Benny McGuire - preferred following daily
breakfast: 18 eggs, 2 kg of bacon or ham, a loaf of bread, 1 liter of fruit juice, 16 cups of coffee for lunch
they ate 3 kg of steak, 1 kg potatoes, a loaf of bread, drinking 2 liters of tea, dinner consisted of 3 kg of
vegetables and fish, baked potatoes 6, 5 servings of salad, 2 if tea, 8 cups of coffee. And no wonder
that Billy weighed 315 kg, and Benny - as much as 327 kg.


At the age of 32 years died of a heart attack is the fattest man in the world - American Robert Earl
Hughes. With the growth of 180 cm, he weighed 483 kg and waist circumference of 3 m


Probably the same fate was awaiting the 250-pound British citizen Rolly Makintrayra. However, he
ordered his fate differently: clicking in 1985 to a vegetarian diet, he lost 161 pounds!


Another way to lose weight offered a famous Greek singer Demis Roussos. On his personal example,
he showed that if, during the meal to prefer only one product and do not abuse potatoes and pasta,
then in one year can reduce the body weight from 148 to 95 kg.



How long a person can not drink?



Studies conducted by the American physiologist Adolf EF showed that the maximum duration of stay of
the person without water is highly dependent on the ambient temperature and mode of physical activity.
For example, in a state of rest in the shade, at 16 - 23 ° C, a person can not drink for 10 days. When
the air temperature 26 ° C, this period shall be reduced to 9 days at 29 ° C - to 7 at 33 ° C - to 5 at 36 °
C - up to 3 days. Finally, at an air temperature of 39 ° C alone man can not drink no more than 2 days.


Of course, during physical exercise, all these figures are significantly reduced. History tells us, for
example, that 525 g, across the Libyan desert of thirst killed fifty thousandth army of Persian King
Cambyses.


After the earthquake in Mexico City in 1985 under the rubble of the building was found a boy aged 9
years, who had not eaten or drunk 13 days and still alive.


Earlier, in February 1947 in Frunze was found 53-year-old, who, after receiving a head injury, within 20
days there was no food or water in an abandoned unheated room. At the time of detection, it was not
shown breathing and no palpable pulse. The only sign pointing to the preservation of life of the victim,
was the change in color of the nail bed with pressure. And the next day he would have to talk.


Is it possible without harm to the body to drink the salty sea water? Yes you can. This was
experimentally confirmed by the French physician Alain Bombard, who, swimming across alone in an
inflatable rubber boat Atlantic Ocean, did not take a supply of fresh water. He found that the salty sea
water can be drunk, but small portions, no more than 1 liter a day, and no more than 7 - 8 days. When
used as sea water up to the tragic outcome, ie to 7 - to 8-day, "scapegoat" are the kidneys, and as long
as they are able to do their job of "freshening" of the water, a person retained consciousness and
performance. But in the meantime, you can use fresh rain water, dew or catch fish and to quench the
thirst of its fresh tissue juice. Do just that Alain Bombard, in his solitary journey across the Atlantic. Only
two days of use of fresh water is sufficient to bud again "came to life" and were again ready to
"desalination" work, if we again have to drink sea water.


In 1986, 45-year-old Norwegian E. Einars remained within four months of one-on-one with the Atlantic
Ocean, while the unmanaged small fishing motorboat. The last three weeks, left without supplies of
food and drinking water, the sailor ate raw fish and drank it with rainwater.


A similar problem back in 1942 had to face the English ship steward Pune Leamy. When his ship sank
in the Atlantic, the sailor rescued by boat and spent 4.5 months at sea.



How long a person can do without air?



If you try to hold your breath while inhaling or exhaling, you probably made sure that no air can do, at
best, two or three minutes. True, this time can be increased to breath deeply and frequently to breathe,
especially with pure oxygen.


Californian Robert Foster after such a procedure could be without scuba underwater for 13 minutes
42.5 seconds. If reports are to believed the English physician and traveler Gorera Jeffrey, some divers
from the tribe of tungsten in Senegal can stay under water for up to half an hour. They even called the
"water people."


American physiologist HH Schneider, in 1930, saw the two pilots, one of them after a preliminary breath
pure oxygen could make holding your breath while inhaling 14 minutes 2 seconds, and the other - 15
min 13 sec. The first 5 - 6 minutes of breath pilots transferred freely. In the next minute they have
observed increased heart rate and a significant increase in blood pressure to 180/110 - 195/140 mm
Hg. Art., while the breath before it was 124/88 - 130/90 mm.



power tricks



What reserves have physical strength of the human body? This can be judged by the achievement of
famous athletes - athletes and fighters, shocking his contemporaries power tricks. One of them -
Russian champion weightlifting.


Ivan Zaikin (1880-1949 gg.), Famous Russian athlete, fighter, one of the Russian pilots. Zaikin athletic
numbers caused a sensation. Foreign newspapers wrote: "Zaikin - it Chaliapin Russian muscles". In
1908 Zaikin tour in Paris. After the speech, the athlete front of the circus on a special platform were put
Zaikin broken chains, bent on his shoulders steel beams, "bracelets" and "tie", tied them out of flat
steel. Some of these items were purchased Kunstkammer Paris and exhibited along with other
curiosities.
Zaikin carried on the shoulders of 25-pood anchor, lifted on the shoulders of Long stem that seats ten
people, and began to rotate ("living carousel"). Struggled, yielding in this area except the very Ivan
Poddubny.


Multiple world champion in the fight Ivan Poddubny ("Champion of Champions", 1871 - 1949.)
Possessed great physical strength. It should be noted that the wrestling mat, he left at the age of 70.
Not train specifically in athletic rooms, he could, bending arms lowered along the body and raise the
biceps of 120 kg!


But more than physical strength, in his own statement, had a father - Maxim Poddubny: it is easy to
take on the shoulders of two pyatipudovyh bag prong whole haycock, playing, stopping any wagon,
grabbed her wheel was falling to the ground by the horns burly bulls.


Strong was the younger brother of Ivan Poddubny Mitrofan, who once pulled out of the pit bull weighing
18 pounds, and once in Tula amused the audience, holding the stage on the shoulders with the
orchestra, which played "Many years ...".


Another Russian athlete - an athlete Jakub Cech in 1913 in Petrograd carried around in one hand six
soldiers. Installed on his chest platform on which passed three trucks with the public.


Several decades of circus posters from different countries never left the name of Russian athlete
Alexander Ivanovich Zass, who spoke under the pseudonym Samson. There just did not have the
power numbers in his repertoire! At a bodyweight of less than 80 kg, he carried on the shoulders of a
horse weighing up to 400 kg. Lifted teeth iron beams, weighing 135 kg, the ends of which were two
assistants, only 265 kg, caught the 90-pound nucleus, departing from a circus cannon from a distance
of 8 m, lying naked back on the board, studded with nails, holding his chest stone (500 kg). Just for fun,
he could lift and carry a taxi car, like a wheelbarrow, broken horseshoes and tore the chain. Platform
raised 20. The famous attraction "Man shot" he caught assistant, which, like an artillery shell, flew from
the crater of a circus cannon and described the arena 12-meter path. Moved his truck. Here's how it
happened:


This happened in 1938 in the English city of Sheffield. In the eyes of the assembled crowd loaded coal
truck crossed the man sprawled on the cobbles. People screamed in terror as the front, and then
moved back ear through the body. But in the next moment there was a shout from the crowd with
delight: "Hooray for Samson," "Glory to the Russian Samson!" And the person to which this storm of
jubilation arose from the wheels, as if nothing had happened, smiling, bowed to the audience.


Here is an excerpt from the posters Samson performed in England, "Samson has 25 pounds to anyone
who will knock him down a punch in the stomach. Allowed to attend professional boxers .... prize of £ 5
is given to the person who will bend a horseshoe iron rod" . Incidentally, the famous English boxer Tom
Burns, tested its strength during the performance of Samson broke his stomach hand. And an iron rod,
which was discussed, was a square rod about 1.3 X1 cm 3H26

				
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